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Full text of "The Parliamentary or constitutional history of England, from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II"

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O R 

Hiftory of England, 

From the earlieft TIMES, 

T O T H E 

Refutation of King CHARLES II. 


From the RECORDS, the ROLLS of Parliament, the JOURNALS 
of both Houfes, the Public LIBRARIES, Orignial MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce SPEECHES, and TRACTS ; all compared 
with the fevcral Contemporary Writers, and connected, 
throughout, with the Hiftory of the Times. 





From the Declaration upon the Vote againft any further Application to 
the King, in February, 1647, to Cromwell's March into Scotland in 
September, 1648. 

L O N D O N, 

Printed for J. and R. TONS ON, and A. MILLAR, in the 
Strand; and W. SAND BY, in Fleet-Jlreet, 





y. n 





H E Commons had been long em- An a Car 
ployed in framing a Declaration to ,647. 

go along with the Vote's' of both * y 

Houfes, paffed on the 1510 of Ja- February, 
nuary laft, againft any further Ap- 
plication to the King, or receiving 
any Meflages from him ; the Aim of which was 
to fatisfy the whole Kingdom of the Necef- 
fity and Juftice of their Proceedings againft 
his Majefty. There had been many Divifions 
of the Houfe on the feveral Additions and Al- 
terations in this Declaration ; which being, at 
length, fully fettled, on the nth of February a 
Motion was made, That the fame do pafs, which 
was carried in the Affirmative, by 80 Voices againft 
50 : The Tellers on this remarkable Occafion 
were, for the Queftion, Sir Arthur Hefelrigge and 
Sir Peter Wentwortb ; againft it, Sir "John Evelyn 
of Surrey and Mr. Bulkeley, Next it was ed 
that this Declaration be forthwith printed and pub- 
Ijfhed : and it was particularly referred to the Care 
VOL. XVII. A of 



The Commons 
publish their 
Reafons for de- 
clining any fur- 
ther Application 
to the King. 

the Parliament dry ti i S T o R Y 

of-Mr. Life and Mr. Cbalorur (a), to fee that tho 
fame be truly and well printed ; all the Members 
were alfo required to fend Copies thereof to bepubp- 
lilhcd and difperfed in the refpeftive Places far 
which they ferved. 

Mr. Rufiworth informs us that great Care was 
taken, in the framing of this Declaration, that all 
the Particulars thereof might be warranted by fuf- 
ficient Proofs ; and adds; That it was worthy of 
every good Subject's ferious and mature Confidera- 
tion ; out as he has only mentioned the Heads 
thereof, we (hall give the whole at large from the 
original Edition publifhed by Order of the Houfc 
of Commons only (*) ; the Concurrence of the 
Lords not having been defired for that Purpofe. 

A DECLARATION of the COMMONS of England 
In Parliament agaubled, expreffing their Reafons 
and Groithds ofpajjing the late Resolutions touching 
no farther Addrefs or Application to bt made to the 

HO W fruitlefs our former Addreffes have 
been to the King, is fo well known to the. 
World, that it may be expedled vye fhould now 
declare why we made the laft, or fo many be- 
fore, rather than Why we are ivfolved to make 
no more. 

* We cannot acknowledge any great Confidence 
that our Words could have been more perfralive 
with him than Sighs and Groans, ; the Tears and 
crying Blood (an he;avy Cry. j). the Blood of Fa- 
thers, Brothers, and Children at once ; the Blood 
of many hundred thoufand Free-bdrn Subjects in 
three great Kingdoms, which Cruelty itfelf could 
not but pity todeftroy. 

' We muft not be fo unthankful, to, God, as to 
forget we never were forced to any Treaty ; nnd 
yet we have no lefs than feven Times made fuch 

' Applications 

(a) Afterwards two of the King's Judge*. 

(b) Linden printed for Edward tiujband t Printer to the Honourai.e 
Hoofc of Commons, February 15, 1647. 

9f ENGLAND. 3 

* Applications to the King, and tendered fuch Pro- An. 23 Car. I, 

* pofitions, that might occafion the World tojudge t l647 ' , 

* we have not only yielded up our Wills and Affec- February. 
' tions, but our Reafon alfo and Judgment, for ob- 

* taining any true Peace or good Accommodation. 

' But it never yet pleafed the King to accept of 

* any Tender fit for us to make, not yet to offer 

* any fit for us to receive. 

* It is very well known that the Propofitions fent 
' to the King at Oxford, and treated on at Uxbridge y 
' were agreed on by the Parliaments of both King- 

* doms, not only as juft, but neceflary alfo for the 
' very Being of thefe Kingdoms in a fettled Peace 

* and Safety. 

' And altho* the King's perfifting in his wonted 

* Ways and Denials, might have caufed us to im- 

* prove the Advantage of that great Succefs which 

* it pleafed God to afford us, yet when his Armies 

* were all broken, fo that, in Difguife, he fled from 

* Oxford to the Scots at Newer k, and from thence : 

* went to Neivcaftle ; and that Oxford, and almoft 

* all his Garrifons were taken, we tendered, at 
1 Newcaftle, Propofitions, the fame in effect with 

* thofe which had been prefented before in the 
' Midft of all his Strength and Forces. 

* And notwithftanding this Change of his Condi- 
' tion, and Denial of thofe Propofitions, after he 
' was left to the Commiflioners of Parliament, and 

* our Brethren of Scotland quietly departed home j 

* after all his Garrifons taken, and no vifible Force 

* in the whole Kingdom appearing for him, the 
' King being at the fole Difpofal of the Parliament 
' without Difpute ; yet even then the fame Propofi- 
' tions were again prefented to him at Hampton- 

' In all which AddrefTes the Commiflioners of 

* Scotland agreed with us, and joined with our 

* Commiflioners in attending the King. 

* The King not granting our Propofitions, but 
' ftill giving fuch ftrange, unexpected, and con- 
' ditional Anfwers or Denials, it might juftly have 

* made us conder&me other Courfe for fettling 

A 2 * the 

'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' the Kingdom in Peace and Safety, without any 

* further Application ; which was alfo fo far agreed 

* by our Brethren of Scotland, at their leavingj/w 

* caftle, that their Commiflioners declared, in cafe 
' the King confented not to the Propofitions, yet 
' they would maintain the Treaties and Union 

* made between the Kingdoms. 

' But fo defirous were wn of his Concurrence in 
the Settlement of the Kingdom's Peace, that 

* we yet again refolved upon another Addrefs, and 

* did fo qualify the faid Propofitions, that, where 
' it might ftand with the Public Safety, his wonted 
' Scruples and Objections were prevented or re- 
' moved. 

' And altho' we could not forget how dangerous 

* and void of Succefs our former Treaties had 

* been, and that a perfonal 7'reaty- had been de- 
' clared, by both Houfes and the Commillioners of 
' Scotland^ to be unfafe, without Security and Satif- 

* faftion firft given ; yet we alfo yielded to that, on 

* Condition the King would fign but four Bills, 

* which we judged not only juft and honpurable, 
' but neceflary even for prefent Peace and Safety 
4 during fuch a Treaty. 

* We have Caufe enough to remember j that he 

* fometimes denied to receive our humble Petitions 
' for Peace ; and when we defired him to appoint 
' fome Place for a Committee of both Houfes to 
' attend him with Propofitions for Peace, he named 

* Wmdfori promifing to abide thereabouts till they 

* came unto him ; but prefently marched forward, 
'.that very Night, fo near London, that he had a-1- 
' moft furprized it, while he had fo engaged him- 
' felf for a Treaty, had not fome few of our Foot 
' at Brainfordy with invincible Courage, expofed 
themfclves to apparent Death, till his Army was 

* forced to retire in Fear and Shame, with the 
c Guilt of moft inhuman and barbarous Cruelties 
' committed at Brainford, to afiure London what it 
muft have expected, had not God prevented thofe 

* bloody Defigns. 


of ENGLAND. 5 

* And we well remember, that the Kin^ nc e An '^ 3 Car< 

* fent us a fpeciou? MelTagc of renewing a Treaty, L ^ *!.'^ 

* when at the fame Time his Meflenger was irk- February, 

* ftrucled how to manage that bloody MaiFacre in 
' London, which was then defined by virtue of the 

* King's Commiffion, fmcepublimeci, 

4 And, about the Time of the Treaty at Ifx* 

* bridge^ he excufed himfelf to the Queen by a Let* 
' ter under his own Hand, as forced to that Trea- 

* ty by the mutinous Motions of his mungn-1 Par- 

* liament at Oxford; and that he could not rind 

* any twp of them of his Mind, elfe he would not 

* have acknowledged us for the Parliament oi Engi 
' land; v/hich yet he did with a Protection, enter-r 
4 ed into the Council-Books, That his calling us 
4 fo, did not make us a Parliament. 

' All which was but fmall Encouragements 

* a^ain to make ourfelyes his Spprt or Scorn by 

* any other Treaty ; yet we rjow yielded to this 
' alfo. 

' But nptwithftanding this arjd all former Ten- 
' ders, we have now received fuch a Denial, that 
' we are in Defpair of any Good by AddreiTes to the 

* King, neither mult we be fo injurious to the Peo- 
' pie, in further delaying their Settlement, as any 

* more to prefs his Confcnt to thefe or any other 
4 Propositions, 

' Nor can we fee why it fhould be expe&ed a 

* new Engagement could prevail on him, or oblige 

* him more ftrongly to the Kingdom, than the 

* folemn Oath ot" his Coronation, and the Tev.cral 

* other Vows, Proteftatjons, and Imprecations i'-- 

* frequently by him broken, during his whole 
' Reia;n, and fo often renewed before God "and the 
whole World. 

* We may be the more jufUfied hprein by tiioic 

* that know what palled between the King and 

* our Brethren the Scots, when thofc Articles were 
' agreed and in the fini: Pacitication, 

* not long before thefe Wars ; v/hich, as foon as 

* their Backs were turned, and their Armies out 
4 of Sight, were dilavowed again by "the King, and 

A 3 <by 

"fbe Parliamentary fi i s T o R Y 

hj s Command publickly burnt at London by 
the Hands of the Hangman. 
February, ' Which yet might have been forgotten, had not 

* a continued Track of Breach of Truft to the three 

* Kingdoms, fince he wore the Crown, made us, 

* though unwilling, to remember it. 

' We take no Pleafure to repeat our own Mi- 
c feries, or others Mifchief, it it might be hidden or 

* forgotten ; but we are now forced to fpeak what 
' hath long been fuffered in too much Silence 

* The King himfelf, in publkk Speeches and 

* Declarations, hath laid a fit Foundation for all 

* Tyranny, by this moft deftrudlive Maxim or 

* Principle, which he faith he mufl avow, That he 

* trweth an Account of bis Aftions to none but God 

* alone ; and that the Houfes of Parliament, joint or 
6 feparate^ have no Power either to make or declare 
4 any Law. 

* The private Articles agreed, in order to the 

* Match with Spain^ and thofe other private Artir 

* cles upon the French Marriage, fo prejudicial to 

* the Peace, Safety, Laws, and Religion here efta- 

* blifhed,and the continued Correipondence which 

* hath fince been carried on with Ronif^ are fo evi- 
4 dent as cannot be denied. 

We cannot but call to Mind the Proceedings 
c and Paffaces of the Parliament held in the fecond 
' Year of this King's Reign, concerning the Death 

* of his Royal Father. 

* The loth of May i 1626, the Houfe of Com- 
.* mons charged the Duke of Buckingham^ among 

* other Things, in thefe Words, viz. 

" Whereas the fworn Phyilcians of our late So- 

" vereign Lord King James, of blefled Memory, 

" attending on his Majefty in the Month of March,, 

*' in the twenty- fecond Year of his moft glorious 

*' Reign, in the Times of his Sicknefs, being an 

" Ague, did, in due and neceflary Care of and for 

<e the Recovery of his Health, and Prefervation of 

" his Perfon, upon and after feveral mature Con- 

'? fultations in that Behalf had and holden at feve- 

** ral Times in the fame Month, refolve, and aave 


4t Directions, That nothing ftpuld be. applied or An \* 3 /t J ar * 
<c given unto his Highnefs, by way of Phyfic or 
4 ' Diet, during his faid Sicknefs, but by and upon. 
44 their general Advice and Confents : And, after 
44 good Deliberation thereof firft had, more efpe- 
44 cially by their like Care and upon like Confirta- 
44 tions, did juftly refolve and publickly give Warn- 
44 ing to and for all the Gentlemen and other Ser- 
* 4 vahts and Officers of his faid late Majefty's Bed- 
44 chamber, That no Meat or Drink whatfoever 
44 fliould be given unto him within two br three 
44 Hours next before the ufual Time of and for tht 
* 4 coming of his Fit in the faid Ague, nor during the 
, 44 Co'uinuance thereof, nor afterwards, until his 
44 cad Fit was paft ; the faid Duke of Buckingham 
44 being a fworn Servant of his late Majefty, of and 
4 ' in his M.ijefty's faid Bedchamber, contrary to his 
44 Duty, and the tender Refpect which he ought to 
44 have had of his Majefty's moft facred Perfon, and 
44 after the Confutations, Refolutions, Directions, 
44 and Warning; aforefaid, did nevertheless, with- 
44 out any fufficiewt Warrant in that Behalf, unduly 
44 caufe and procure certain Plaifters, and a certain 
44 Drink or Potion to be provided for the Ufe of his 
cc faid Majefty, without the Direction 'or Privity of 
44 his faid late Majefty's Phylicians, not prepared 
44 by any of his Majefty's fworn Apothecaries or 
44 Surgeons, but compounded of feveral Ingredients 
44 to them unknown ; notwithstanding the fame 
44 Planter, or fome Plaiftcr like thereunto, having 
* 4 been formerly adminiftered unto his faid Ma- 
" jefty, 'did procure luch ill Effects, as that 
44 fome of the faid fworn Phyficians did altogether 
44 dilailow thereof, and utterly refufed to meddle 
44 any further with hLs faid Majefty until thofe Plai- 
44 fters were removed, as being prejudicial to the 
44 Health of his Majefty j yet, nevcrthelefs, the 
44 fame Plaifter, as alfo a Drink or Potion, was 
44 provided by him the faid Duke, which he the 
44 faid Duke, by Colour of fome inefficient and 
44 flight Pretences, did, upon Monday the 2ift Day 
A 4 4< of 

8 Tfo Parliamentary H i s T Q R y 

An. *3dr.I. " of March, in the twenty-fccond Year aforefaid* 
v * * 7 ' , * 4 when his Majefty, by the Judgment of his faid 
February. ft Phyficians, was in the Declination of his Dii- 
44 eafe, caufe and procure the faid Plainer to be ap^ 
44 plied to the Breaft and Wrifts of his faid late Ma- 
44 jefty ; and then alfo, at and in his Majefty 's Fit 
" of his faid Ague, the fame Monday , and at feveral 
44 Times, within two Hours before the coming of 
*' the fame Fit, and before his Majefty's then cold 
** Fit was paft, did deliver, and caufe to be deliver- 
" ed, feveral Quantities of the faid Drink or Po- 
* 4 'ion to his late Majefty j who thereupon, at the 
f 4 Time Times, within the Seafons in that Behalf 
" prohibited by his Majc-fty's Phyficians as atore- 
?' faid, did, by the Means and Prpcurem nt of 
" tae faid Duke, drink and, take divers Quan- 
" tities of the faid Drink pr Potion, applied and 
*' given unto, and taken and received by, his faid 
c ' Majefty -,s afor aid, great Diftempers and.divcrfe 
" ill Symp'Q ns appeared, upon his faid Majefty ; 
" infomuch that th V id Phyficians finding his Ma- 
" jefty the next M >rning much worfe in the Eftate 
" o'his Health, and holding a Confultation there- 
" about, did, by jjiia Confcnt, fend unto the faid 
" Duke, praying him not to adventure to minifter 
*' unto his Majtfty any more Phyfic without their 
* c Allowance and Approbation ; and his faid Ma- 
" jefty hithfelf, finding himfelf much difeafed and 
* k aiflidled with Pain and Sicknefs after his then Fit, 
" when, by the Courfe of his Difeafe, he expected 
" Intermiflion and Eafe, did attribute the Caufe of 
" fuch his Trouble unto the faid Plaifter and Drinlt, 
" which the faid Duke had fo given, and caufed to 
" f be idminiftered unto him ; which faid advent- 
" rous Al, by a Perfon obliged in Duty and 
" Thankfulnefs, done to the Perfon of fo great a 
46 King, after fo ill Succefs of the like formerly 
44 adminiftered, contrary to fuch Directions as afore- 
tl faid, and accompanied with fo unhappy an Event, 
" to the great Grief and Difcomfort of all his 
V Maje.fty's Subjeds in general, is an Offence ami 

cf ENGLAND, 9 

'" Mifdemeanor of fo high a Nature, as may juftly An. 23 c 
*' be called, and is by the faid Commons, deemed 
<c to be, an A6t of tranfcendent Prefumption, and, 
" of dangerous Confequence." 

' And delivered it at a Conference to the Lords. 

* After which the King came into the Lords 

* Houfe and took Notice of that Charge, and told 
' them he could be a Witnefs to clear him in every 

* one of them ; unto which Charge no Anfwer 
' came in until the 8th of June following ; and 
' the loth Day after, it was ordered by the Houfe 
? of Peers to be communicated to the Houfe of 
' Commons : But while the Houfe was preparing 
' to fend up their Proofs, upon wl.ich they declared, 

* That they doubted not but to have Judgment againji 
' the faid Duke, the King exprefled a fudden Pur- 
' pofe to diflblve the Parliament. And although 
' the Houfe of Peers petitioned for its Continuance, 

* expreffing their great and univerfal Sorrow for hi* 

* Intentions to diflblve it ; yet, notwithftandingali 
f this, the faid Parliament was diflblved the 15^1 
' Day of the fame June. 

* At the fame Time alfo, during the Parliament^ 

* Sir Dudley Diggs, and Sir John Elliot^ who ipe 

* cially managed that Conference and Examina- 
tions, were committed clofe Prifoncrs to the 

* Tower, within two Days after the faid ( Charge, 

* by Warrant under the King's own Hand. 

* And Meflages and Interruptions were conftant- 

* ly fcnt from the King to the Houfes while they 

* had the faid Charge in Agitation 3 and the ftur- 

* liament being diflblved before Juftice could be 
' done, there never was any legal Inquiry made, 
4 at any Time fince, concerning the Death of the 
faid King. 

4 We leave the World now to judge where the 

* Guilt of this remains. 

* We can fully (hew how Rocbelle was by him 

* betrayed, and thereby a fatal Blow given to the 
' Proteftant Caufe in France. How alfo he lent 
? diverfe .of the Navy Royal, and other Merchant 

* Ships, 

I o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. Ships, to the French King, to be employed again$ 
x --*^ 7 ' . ' thofe whom he was engaged to have affifted. 
February. * And, when forne of the Commanders and others 
' in thofe Ships were fo much Englijh as to difputc 

* thofe Orders, we can fhew the King's Letter 

* under his own Hand to Capt. Pennlngton^ to put 

* them into the Service of the French King, or to 

* fink them in cafe of Refufal. 

' We cannot forget the Defigns to enflave us by 
c the German Horfe, (that we fay nothing of the 

* late Spavijh Fleet, with a great Army "herein, 

* brought into the Datvnsy 163^) arid to grind us 
' by inforced Loans, Privy-Seals, Coat and Con- 
4 dirtft-Money, inlarging of Forefts, inclofing of 
' Commons, ingrofling of Gunpowder, with innu- 
' merable Patents and Monopolies of Malt, Salt, 
4 Sea-coil, Soap, Leather, Wine, Sugar, Allom, 
' Farthings, Pins, Tobacco and almoft ail Things 

* elfe ; together wLh that one Compendium of all 

* Oppreffion and Slavery, called Ship-Money. 

' The Torture of our Bodies, by moft cruel 

* Whippings, flitting of Nofes, cutting off Ears, 

* branding of Cheeks, Racks, and Pillories, with 

* clofe Imprifonment at Pleafure, might be the 

* fooner forgotten, had not our Souls been alfo 

* lorded over, led Captive into Superftition and 

* Idolatry ; triumphed on by Oaths ex OJficio, Ex- 

* communications, ceremonious Articles, new Ca- 

* nons, Canon Oaths, &c. 

' One Thing more was found to make us worfe 

* than Slaves, in that we might not hope for Li- 

* berty : The very Name of Parliament became fo 

* odious at the Court, that if in twelve Years Time 
' there was fo much as one fummoned, it ferved 
' but to fhew the lawlefs Power of thofe that could 
4 not be content only to diflblve it at Pleafure, but 
6 we muft be forbidden, by Proclamation, to fpeak 

* or hope for another Parliament : And, at fuch 
1 Diflblutions, there was no Privilege ftrong 

* enough to fecure the Clofets, Cabinets, Pockets, 
and Pcrfons cf thofe that, in Duty and Con- 

' fcience, 


1 fcience, did but vote or at as Men above meer An - 23 Car. t. 

* Slaves : This was Fault enough for clofe Impri* ^_J_ ^ ^ 

* fonmem and Death; for that hath alfo rbllvved. February. 

* Nor was it enough thus to enflave one King*- 
' dom ; but the fame Projectors who had fo en- 
' thralled England, muft contrive alfo to reduce 
' Ireland, and conform Scotland, that fo the ming- 

* ling of Neighbouring Tears might, by Sympatny, 

* increase each others Woe. 

4 Scotland vtz.s to be the firft Scene; where anc\v 

* Liturgy, with new Canons, are to make the Pro- 

* logue to the following Act. 

4 This not fucceeding as was hoped, an Army 
muft be raifed to force Compliance ; but, by the 
1 Mediation of the Engli/J) Lords, a Pacification is 

* concluded, and it neld till the King'-s Return to 
4 Court made him forget and difavow it; but the 

* burnt Articles left Ames enough to beget a new 
4 Flame. 

4 There wanted but a Form of Law to make all 

* juft; for this and for Supply, not for Advice, a 
' Parljament is ventured on ; yet with Provifo, that 
4 it mould not hurt, although it would not help ; 

* and not complying (as was hoped to afiift that 

* War againft the Scots") was Crime enough to 

* merit DifTolution, with a falfe and fcandalous 

* Declaration in the King's Name. 

* The Parliament being diffolved, the King took 
' from his Subjects by Power what he could not 

* otherwife obtain. 

' We need not tell the World how, in the Midft 
' of all our Miferies, the Scots, our Brethren, en- 

* tered with a powerful Army, marching on as 
' Friends, till they were foiced to make their Paf- 

* fage over Tyne. 

' It was then thought ncceflfary by the King to 
4 fumtnon this prefent Parliament ; in which we 
4 did proceed with Eafe fo long as there was but 
4 any Hope we would comply with him againft the 

* Scots, and give Afliftance to that War. 

4 But he quickly found it vain to hope to be fup- 

* plied by us againft the Scots ; And when we be- 

12 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *3 Car. I. ga n ( O C onfider how we came to be again invoU 

v ' * 7 ' < * ved in a new War, notwithftanding the late Paci- 

Februarj. ' fication, we fawit impoffible to quafh thofe perni- 

4 cious Councils at the prefent, or to prevent them 

4 for the future, without queftioning their Authors, 

' At this the King difcovered himfelf fo ftrongly 

* and paffionately affected to fuch malignant Coun- 

* fellors, and their Counfels, that he would fooner 
' defert or force his Parliament and Kingdom, than 
' alter his Courfe, and deliver up his wicked Coun- 
4 fellors to Law and Juftice. 

4 By this Time the Queen's pious Defign (as 
' they termed it) to advance Popery was almoft 
4 ready for the Birth, being helped much by a 

* Popifh Faft, enjoined weekly by the Pope's Nun- 

* cio, and by Letters from Secretary li^indebank^ 
4 who durft not abide Examination ; but, after he 
4 was queftioned by the Houfe of Commons, got a 
4 Pafs from the King to go beyond Sea. 

4 What was done abroad will hereafter appear \ 
4 although the King made light of all our Intelli- 

* gence from foreign Parts, yet he could not fa 

* well avoid or deny the Commiflions given at 
4 Court to Popifh Agents for private Levies ; or 
' that the Papifts began to rile and arm themfelves 

* in the North Welt of England and Wale:, till 

* they were fupprefied ; or that there were Regi- 
4 ments raifmg and lifting in London? and Parts 

* adjoining, under Pretence of Soldiers for Portu- 
i gal; or that fome of thefe came to feize and pof- 
4 fefs themfelves of the Tower ^ and the Lieutenant 

* threatened for refufing them j all which he knew 
4 might be efficiently proved. 

1 To the like pious Defign we may refer the 

* great Cabal for bringing up the Northern Army 
4 to overawe the Parliament, which the King dia 
4 fo often and folemniy difavow, as nothing but 
loofe,Difcourfesof a modeft Petition, which alfo 
4 vanifbed two or three Months, he faith, before 
4 we knew it. 

4 But he now knoweth we can prove the chief 
4 Part of that Cabal came from himfcll" to the 

cf E N G L A N D. 13 

and that feme of them did difluade him A - M 
from his Way, becaufe it was fo fliarp and high, 
exceeding the Limits of Honour and Law : And 
yet their Proportions, which were the lower Way, 
\vere much above the Size of Petitions, as they are 
already publifhed in their own Confeffions. And 
it is very ftrange Mr. Piercy^ Sir John Suckling, 
and Mr. Jermyn (fentaway by the King's fpecial 
Warrant) fhould fly beyond Sea only upon Dil- 
covery of a modeft Petition. 
' But notwithstanding any DiiTuafions, yet the 
King perfifted in his Way ; fo that, after this, 
there was appointed a Meeting of Officers at 
Borougbbrldge^ and Propofitions made, with pri- 
vate Inftrudions brought from the King, by fome 
that told them they were unwife to (hew their 
Teeth, except they would bite ; and that the 
King would pawn his Jewels for them, would 
they be faithful to him ; and if they marched for- 
ward, they {hould be met by the Prince and the 
Earl of Newcaftle, with a good Body of Horfe ; 
and that the French alfo would be ready to aflift 

* This was in April, and we had Notice of this 
in the Beginning of May ; when alfo there was 
a Defign for fome French to have feized on Portf- 
moutb, whither the Queen was then going ; but 
the Ports were better fecured by a fpecial Com- 

* So far was it alfo from vanifhing divers 
Months before our Notice, that fome of thofe 
Cabalifts, after Examination by us, were agaia 
attempted by the King, and fome of them fent 
again to the Army with new InftruHons and Di- 
re&ions-, figned by the King himfelf, as moft 
clearly appeareth by comparing the 'Journals of 
.Mtfy 1641, with the Months following ; toge- 
ther with the Timefpecified in the Confenlons of 
Sir 'Jacob Ajttey, Sir John Ccnytr:, Colonel Legg t 
and others, already publifhed. 

* And when there was yet Demur among the 
Chief Officers, there went another Aeeut from 

11 Court 

be Parliamentary HISTORY 

r * * Court to quicken them, and treat of fome 

tions figned by the King ; but he was to go far- 
Februaiy. ' ther, the Stots Army being then at Newcajlle. 

' What Offers were made to them of the Plun- 

* der of London, if they would advance, or of four 1 
' Northern Counties, with 300,^000 /. or Jewels of 

* great Value, but to ftand Neuters in that De- 

* iign, is already declared by fome who may better 

* know the Proportions made by O'-Neil^ (who 

* brake Prifon here) Sir John Henderfan^ and others, 

* with Letters of Credence from the King. Afcr 

* that he was fo refolute to go into Scotland^ that 

* he could not be perfuaded, by our Petitions, to 
4 defer that Journey; and though in the Year 
' 1641^ he was not pleafed to leave fuch a Com- 

* mi/lion as the Parliament defired of him, yet was 

* he pleafad before, in the Year 1639, to intruft 
* Secretary IVlndebanke^ a known Favourer of Pa- 
pifts, with blank Sheets, both of Parchment and 

* Paper, figned with his Sign Manual, which were 

* employed by him for difpofing great Commands 

* by Land and Sea. 

' It is well known what Letters the King fent 

* into Ireland by the Lord Dillon^ immediately be- 

* fore the Rebellion ; and where the Great Seal of 
' Scotland was, and in whofe Hands, when that 

* Commiflion was fealed at Edinburgh to the Irifly 
6 Rebels,, who difperfed Copies thereof in Ireland, 
c with Letters or Proclamations ; and we have a 

* Copy thereof, attefted by Oath, with Depofkions 
e alfo of thofe who have feen it under the Seal : 
* Which Commiflion was promiffed (as fome of 

* the chiefeft Rebels conflfed) to the IriJbCom- 

* mittee ztLondon^ for the moft Part Papifts, (which 

* was thought a good Omen) and fmce mofta&ive 

* Rebels ; upon whofe private Mediations the 

* King gave away more than five Counties ; faying, 

* 'That he expected they Jhould recompense him fome- 
' other Way ; and, that he would willingly grant all 

* their De/fres, but he was opprejjed by the Parlia- 
' ment in England, of whom he wijhed that he uuld 

* be revenged. 

' It 

9 f. E N G L A N D. 15 

* It hath formerly been declared, how we defrred- An. 13 Car. t. 
and prefled the King to difband that Irljb 
Popifh Army, which (as was cleared at the Earl 
of Stratford's Trial) was raifed to reduce the 
Kingdoms : But fomet'imes he would give no 
Anfwer at all j and fometimes did plainly tell us, 
He could not difband it, for Reafons beft known t 
himfelf. Sometimes the Scots muft firfl difband 
and then there was a new Pretence of diverfa 
Regiments promifed to Spain ; for which the 
King was engaged) and could not go back. 
Which we now wonder not at; for by the Cqn- 
feffion of Macarte and M&cguir4^ with others, it 
is clear, that this Pretence of Men for the King 
o Spain's Service, was but a Colour to keep fome 
in Arms for a, Foundation of that Rebellion ; and 
that ibme of the Committee coming from London^ 
contrived this Plot for Defence of the King, who 
was then, they faid, fo much injured in England 
and Scotland. 

And the firft Claufe of that Oath enjoined by- 
the General Council of Rebels was, To bear true- 
Faith and Allegiance to King Charles, and by. all 
Means, to maintain bis Royal Prerogative againft 
the Puritans in s the Parliament of England. 
' And although we declared to the King^ That 
they ftyled themfelves the King's or Queen's 
Army, yet we coujd not obtain a. Proclamation? 
againil them in divers Months ; and then alfo 
but forty Copies might be printed, and exprefs 
Order given, That none fhould. be publifhed till 
his further Directions, as appeareth under hi> 
own Secretary's Hand. 

' Which might very well ftand with the Letters- 
from Court to. the Lord Muskerry^ a.great Rcbei 
in MunJltPji who was allured his Majefty was* 
well plcafcd with what he did, and would iri 
Time trjvc him Thanks for it, although, for the 
prefent, it did riot then (land with the Convenience 

* of the King's Affairs to give, him public Counte- 
c nance : and this was afterwards made good bys, 

* the King, who, in one of the Letters taken at 

* Nafeby, 

1 6 '-fe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 43 Car, I. < Nafeby, commandeth the Earl of Ormond to give 
t l647 ' , ' particular Thajiks to the faid Mujkerry and 
February. * P^nket^ 

' We may yet rember how the Earl of Let- 

* cefter.'was delayed and detained by the King, 
4 beyond all Pretence, from going agairifl the 

* How alfo the King refufed a Commiffion, of- 

* ten aflced by both Houfes, for the Lord Brook? 

* and the Lord JVhdrton ; when, at feveral Times, 

* there were large Provifions made for Relief of 

* Munfter, and other Parts fo much diftrefted, that 

* Limerick was wholly loft. 

* But when the Rebels wanted Commanders at 
' their very Beginning, we have long fmce named 

* divers Papifts and Perfons of Quality that, by the 

* King's fpecial Warrants, after the Ports were 

* {hut by both Houfes of Parliament^ pafied hence, 
and headed the faid Rebels. 

* And we likewife named Commanders and 

* Officers, whom the King called off from their 
' Truft againft the Rebels, and (hips from their 

* Guards at Sea, that fo the Rebels might be fup- 

* plied with foreign Aids: Befides, all the Arms 
' and Ammunition they had from the King's Ma- 

* gazine there, and from hence alfo by the Earl of 

* Antrim, Lord Aboyn, and others from the Queen ; 

* although the Council of Ireland^ defiring feme 

* Pieces of Batteries from hence for the poor Pro- 

* teftants there, could not obtain them from the 

* King ; but fome of our Ships fent to relieve them, 
' were feized by his Men of War (as the Cloaths 

* and other Provifions by Land) and fold or ex- 
' changed for Arms and Ammunition for the King; 

* and the Rebels gave Letters of Mart for taking 

* the Parliament's Ships ; but freed the King's as 

* their very good Friends. 

' Let the World now judge how much Reafon 

* we had to believe the Rebels, when they did fo 

* often fwear they did nothing without good Au-' 

* thority and Commiflion from the King ; fo.tllat 

* Sir Pbdlm O l NeiI would not be perfuaded Ge- 

' neral 

tf E N G L A N D. 17 

* neral Lefley had any Authority from the King Aj ' 2 3 Car. I.] 
againft tne Rebels. . ' 47 ' , 

Diverfe Months alfo before it began, there was February. 

* Information given, upon Oath, to the Archbifhop 
' and others of the King's Council, That there 
' was a great Defign among the Papifts for a gene- 
' ral Maflacre of all the Proteftants in Ireland and 

* England alfo, and that a great Royal Perfon had 
' a Hand in it ; but it was to be managed by Di- 
' re6lion from the Pope. 

.* And befides the King's Letters to the Pope, 

* when he was in Spain, and others, long fmce his 

* Return, on the Behalf of the Duke of Lorrain 9 

* (which muft be requited by the faid Duke with 
' a foreign Army to invadejEw^/tfw^upon the King's 
' Defign) it is clear that, fome Months before the 
' Irijh Rebellion, the King had an Agent in Rome, 
' as by diverfe of his own Secretary's Papers ap- 
' peareth. 

' And that the fame Defigns were laid for Eng- 

* land alfo at the fame Time, if we might not be- 
' lieve the Confeffion of the Queen-Mother's Ser- 
' vant, attefted upon Oath, that there were many 
* Thoufands appointed to cut the Proteftants 
' Throats in this Kingdom alfo, when the King 
' went to Scotland, yet we may remember it was 
' confefled by fome of the principal Rebels, That 
' their Popifh Committee here with the King had 
' communicated that Defign to many Papifts in 

* England, by whofe Advice, though fome Things 
4 were altered, yet it was generally concluded that, 

* about the fame Time, there mould be the like 
Proceedings of the Papifts here j infomuch that 

* when Charles-Mount was feized in Ireland, Sir 
Phelim O'Neal and other great Rebels did, with 
' much Confidence, affirm the Tower was alfo feiz- 

* ed in London, and the Archbifhop releafcd by 

* their Party here ; where, they faid, there was as 

* much Blood running as in Ireland. 

* And it is very well known that, upon the 
' King's Return from Scotland, befides the unufual 

* Preparations of Ammunition and Arms, with 
VOL. XVII. B new 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

ne w Guards within and about Whitehall; and, 
- ' befides tne g reat Quantity of Fire-works found 

Fsbruary. ' a "^ taken in Papifts Houfes, the Tower was alfo 
4 filled with new Guards, many Cannoneers, Gra- 
' nadoes, and all Sorts of Fire-works, Mortars, 

* with great Pieces of Battery, ready prepared and 
4 mounted againft the City : Sir Wihiam Balfour, 
4 who was formerly threatened for refufing the new 

* Guards while the Earl of Strafford lived, was 
4 now difplaced, and fuch Officers placed by the 
4 King, as were not only fufpecled by us, but 

* the whole City, who durft not abide in their own 

* Houfes, as by their feveral Petitions is manifeft. 

4 From this Time the Track of open Force 
4 againft this Parliament and Kingdom did appear 
( more vifible. 

4 The Charge of Treafon againft fomeofboth 
4 Houfes, and that unparalleled A61 of Violence, 

* by the King's coming fo attended to the Houfe of 
4 Commons, after he had difcharged our Guards, 
4 denying us any but what might reftrain or over- 

* awe us, was but the Prologue to a bloody Tra 

* gedy, had not the Parliament and the good Af- 

* fe&ions of the City interrupted that Defign, and 

* caufed the King's new Guards (already lifted and 
4 moulded under Colonels and other Officers) to 
4 withdraw a little to another Scene. 

4 Neither would the Country more comply with 
4 thefe Defigns, although they were attempted with 
4 unufual Arguments of armed Troops in warlike 
4 Manner to compel them j which fucceeded yet 
4 fo ill, that the Lord Digby durft not abide the 
4 Trial, but was fent away upon a fpecial Errand 

* by the King's own Warrant. 

4 What his Errand was beyond Sea we may well 
4 conclude from the Lift of Arms and Ammuni- 

* tion, for which we can produce the King's 
4 own Hand, taken amongft his own Papers, and 
4 printed with his own Letters to the Queen at her 

* firft landing in Holland. 

5 * What 

of E N G L A N D. i$ 

* What Advice he gave for the King's retiring An. Car. 

* to fome fafe Place, and declare himfelf ; and how . 

* the King followed it, is known well enough. February, 

But before the King's fettling at York* the No- 
4 tice we had of hisCommhTions to the Earl ofNew- 
4 cajlle and Col. Legge, for attempting Newcajlle and 

* Hull, may juftly occafion us to provide for their 
4 Security ; efpecially when we had certain Intel- 
4 licence from the Low Countries of foreign Forces 
4 from Denmark to come in about Hull; whither 

* alfo came with the Lord Digby divers Command- 
ers, with much Ammunition and Arms from 

* other foreign Parts. 

4 And had not the Swedes at that Time invaded 

* Part of the King of Denmark's Dominions, we 
4 had had Beafon enough to expe6t a Storm that 
< Way to have fallen alfo on Hull* where was then 
1 a great Magazine : And before we ever afked the 
4 King to remove it, we reprefcnted to him, that,' 
4 befides all other Intelligence of foreign Negotia- 
4 .tions, we had good Notice of a Fleet preparing 

* in Denmark ; and that one of Lord Digby's Ser- 
4 vants had folicited a Mariner, or Pilot, to conduct 

* it into Hull. 

< And, before that Time, the King had difpatch- 

* ed an Agent into Denmark* with Letters of Cre- 

* dit, complaining againft the Parliament as unjuft- 

* ly fixed on the Deftruaion of one Man (the Earl 
4 of Stra/ord* then living) ; but he was refolved to 

* take another Courfe, and therefore defired Aid. 

4 And there came fiich an Anfwer, that, among 
4 large Offers made to the Scots before the^King's 
4 going into Scotland* they were told the King was 
4 aflured of Horfes and Money from Denmark. 
4 And, by an intercepted Letter from the Hague to 
4 Secretary Nicbo!as*\ong fmce p'ublifhed, we found 
< that, befides many Arms and Cannon, then pro- 
4 vided in Holland* there were alfo coming from 

* Denmark Ships with 10,000 Arms for Foot, and 
4 1500 Horfe for the King's Ufe ; and that Cocljran 
very handfomely evaded that which was like to 

* have fruftrated all their Expeaations from thence. 

B 2 * And 

20 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c ^ n d in Cochran's latter Inftrudions, (for there 

^_*. * 7 ' , * had been others before in Denmark] long fmce 

February. ' printed, the King faith, We were then beginning 

' to make Head againji him, and were then levying 

' Forces-, and therefore he preffeth for Men, Money, 

* Arms, and Ships horn. Denmark; for which alfo 

* he ufeth many Arguments, and, among others, 
1 one in thefe Words : 

c That, in Pursuance of their great Deftgn of ex- 

* tirpaling the Royal Blood and Monarchy of Eng- 

* land, they have endeavoured likeivife to lay a great 
' "Blemijh upon his Royal Family ; endeavouring to il- 

* legitimate all derived from his Sifter, at once to cut 

* off the Intered and Pretenfions of the whole Race ; 
' ivhich their mojl detejlable and fcandalous Dejign they 
' have purfued, examining WitneJJes, and conferring 

* Circwnftances and Times to colour their Pretenfions 

* in fo great a Fault ; and which, as his facred Ma- 

* J e fty of England, in the true Senfe of Honour of his 

* Mother, doth abhor, and will punijh ; fo he expefts 

* his Concurrence in vindicating a Sifter of fo happy 

* Memory, and by whomfo near an Union and continu* 
6 ed League of Amity bath been produced between the 

* Families and Kingdoms. 

' A moft falfe fcandalous Charge of that which 

* never entered into our Thoughts j fo that we be- 
c lieve there never was a more unworthy A6t done 
' by any Prince, fo to betray his Truft and People 

* to a foreign Nation, by incenfing them with fuch 

* an odious Slander to the Shame of his own Mo- 

* ther ; which we repeat the rather, becaufe when 

* we declared our Intelligence that Cochran was fent 
' into Denmark to procure Forces thence, the King 

* difavowed it, calling it a vile Scandal, in his An- 

* fwer to our Declaration of the twenty-fecond of 
Oftobcr, 1642. 

* In the fame Inftru&ions to Cochran he declareth 

* alfo, That he then expetted AJJiftance from all his 

* Neighbour Princes and Allies, in particular the 

* greateft Part of the States Fleet from Holland ; 
e whither he confefled, he had then fent the >tieen. 

* He 

*f ENGLAND. 21 

4 He might alfo have added, that, with the Queen, An - 3 Car - * 
" contrary to his Truft, he had fent the antient . .V-y 7 ',... * 
' Jewels of the Crown of England, of a very vaft February. 

* Value, to be pawned or fold for Ammunition and 
4 Arms ; of which we had certain Knowledge be- 
4 fore we took up Arms. 

4 Neither had we fo much as once afked the fetr 
4 tling of the Militia, till the Queen was going into 
4 Holland. 

' And it may be remembered that, many Months 

* before the Voyage to Holland, (he was going be- 
4 yond Sea, had not our Motions to the King ftaid 
' her ; and that, among other Reafons given, be- 
4 caufe we then alfo heard {he had packed up the 
1 Crown Jewels and f*late ; by which we might 

* fee what was then alfo intended by that Journey, 
4 had we not prevented it till the Winter. 

* But at Borsughbridge, before the Earl of Straf- 
*" ford's Death, the Officers were told the King 

* would pawn his Jewels for them, and the French 
4 were promifed to aflift them. 

* All this, and much more yet to be faid, maketh 
' us ftand amazed at the King's folemn Protefta- 
4 tation, fo often made, calling Qod to witnefs, 
' and revenge it alfo, |f he had any Thought of 
' bringing up the Northern Army j or of levying 
4 Forces to wage War with his Parliament ; or to 
' invade the Rights of his Subjects j or of bringing 
' in foreign Forces or Aids from beyond Sea, which t 
' as himfelf faith in his Declaration, ^vould not only 
c have burled this Kingdom in fudden DeftrufJion and 
' Ruin, but bis own Name and Pofterity in perpetual 
' Scorn and Infamy. 

4 Yet, at very rint.. when himfelf and the Lords 
e made fuch a Protefcation at York againft levying 
' Forces, he commanded his Subjects, by Procla- 

* mation, to refift the Orders of Parliament ; and 
4 had figned that moft illegal Commiflion of 
4 Array ; and dirl privately contrive the getting out 
4 of the Stores, Ships, or otherwife, fuch Ordnance, 
4 Powder, Shot, and Ammunition, as could be 

* poflibly got and provided ; for which we can 

63 4 produce 

$2 Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. z 3 Car. I. < produce a Letter of the 2Oth of June^ 1642, un r 

t ^ -* 7 ' j * der his own Hand, to Sir John Heydon^ Lieute- 

February. * nant f f he Ordnance, to convey it fecretly in 

4 Ballaft of Ships ; and required Subfcriptions for 

4 Plate, Horfes, and Arms; and had alfo raifed 

4 fuch Guards of Horfe and Foot about him, that, 

f by them, he did not only abufe our Committees 

* fent unto him ; beat our public Officers and Mef- 

* fengers; protect notorious Papifts, Traitors, or 
4 Felons, fuch as Beckwith and others, from the 
4 PofTe Comitatus ; but alfo, with thofe Guards, 

* Cannons, and Arms from beyond Sea, did at- 
4 tempt to force Hull in an hoftile^ Manner; and 

* that within few Days after that folemn Protefta- 
4 tion at York. 

4 It was not long before he proclaimed us Rebels 
f and Traitors, fetting up his Standard againft the 
4 Parliament, which never any King of England&\& 
4 before himfelf. 

* Nor did ever any but King Charles fet up a 
c Mock Parliament at Oxford, or any other Place, 
f to oppofe and^proteft againft the Parliament of 
4 England^ which himfelf and both Houfes had con- 
4 tinued by A61 of Parliament. 

4 And when he had made thofe pretended Mem - 

* bers at Oxford to falfify their Faith and Truft 

* they owed to this Kingdom, finding that, by 
{ them, he could not carry on his own pernicious 

* Defigns, he derided their Meeting in a Letter to 

* the Queen, and called them a Mungrel Parlia- 

* ment j whereby his own Party may perceive 

* what Reward they muft expect when they have 

* done their utmoft to fhipwreck their Faith and 

* Confcience to his Will and Tyranny. 

' And for calling in of foreign Forces, befides 

* that which we have faid already, it is very well 

* known, by his own Letters taken at Nafeby^ and 
4 the Lord 'Digby's Cabinet, what Negotiations he 
4 hath long had in all States round about us. 

' We have alfo remaining with us an authentic 
4 Copy of his Commiffioh for calling over 10,000 

* of the Jrijb Rebels to fubdue this Parliament, the 

* difloyal 

of E N G L A N D. 23 

4 difloyal and rebellious City of London, as he cal- AJJ. 23 Car. I. 

4 Jeth it; and for this Purpofe, exprefsly againftan t * * 7 ' t 

4 Act of Parliament, he made a Pacifka :ion firft, February. 

4 and fince a Peace, with thofe moft en el bloody 

4 Rebels, on fuch odious, fhameful, and unworthy 

4 Conditions, that himfelf blumed to own or im- 

4 part them to his own Lieutenant the Earl of Or- 

f mond; but a private Commiffion was made to the 

4 Lord Herbert, called Earl of Glamorgan, com- 

4 manding him to manage it with all poffible 

4 Secrefy. 

4 And for letting us fee this fecret Commiffion, 
4 which was taken at Sligo, the faid Lord did en- 
4 dure a fpecious Confinement. 

* Neither do we, by this Time, wonder he mould 
4 forget his Vows and Proteftations, That he would 

* never confent, upon whatsoever Pretence, to a Tole- 
4 ration of the Popi/h ProfeJJlon, or Abolition of the 
4 Laws then in Force again/} Recufants, with moft 
4 folemn Imprecations, that God would fo deal with 
4 him and his, as he continued in fuch ProfeJJtons, and 

* inviolably kept thofe Proteftations j notwithstanding, 
4 about the very fame Time, it appears, by Letters 
4 under his own Hand to the Queen and the Earl 
6 of Ormond^ that he would confent to the taking 
4 away all Penal Laws againft Papifts both in Eng- 
4 land and Ireland. 

4 And alfo we had fufficient Notice and Proofs 
6 of moft of thefe Things before, notwithstanding 
*- all his Breach of Truft with the Proteftants in 

* France, Scotland, Ireland, and this Kingdom ; 
4 which, befides all other Oppreflions by unjuft 
4 Prerogative, he hath fo often endeavoured to 
4 enflave by German, Spanijh, French, Lorrain, 
4 Irijh, Danifh, and other foreign Forces, yet fo 
4 really we fought his own, as well as the King- 

* dom's, Peace and Happinefs, that, after fo many 

* Denials, we made this laft Application, fojuft 
4 and honourable, that we cannot but now con- 

* elude he hath wholly forgotten, not only his 
4 Duty to the Kingdom, but alfo the Care and 
^ Refpec~l hs owes to himfelf and his own Family. 

B4 4 Thtfc 

An. 23. Car.! 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Thefe are fome few of the many Reafons why 
we cannot repofe any more Truft in him, and 
have made thofe former Refolutions ; yet we {hall 
ufe our utmoft Endeavours to fettle the prefent 
Government, as may beft ftand with the Peace 
and Happinefsofthis Kingdom. 

_ Lord Clarendon writes (a), < That this Declara- 
tion found much Oppofition in the Houfe of Com- 
mons, in refpecl: of the particular Reproaches they 
had now caft upon the Perfon of the King* which 
they had heretofore, in their own-pubiifhed Decla- 
rations to the People, charged upon the evil Coun- 
fellors and Perfons about him ; and fome Perfons 
had been fentenced and condemned for thofe very 
Crimes which they now accufed his Majefty of. 
But there was much more Exception to their Con- 
clufion from thofe Premifes, that therefore they 
would addrefs themfelves no more to him j and John 
Maynard, a Member of the Houfe, and a Lawyer 
of great Eminence, who had too much complied 
and concurred with their irregular and unjuft Pro- 
ceedings, after he had with great Vehemence op- 
Fofed and contradifted the moft odious Parts of their 
Declaration, told them plainly, That by this 

* Refolution of making no more Addrefles to the 

* King, they did, as far as in then lay, diflblve the 
Parliament ; and that, from the Time of that 

J Determination, he knew not with what Secu- 

* nty, in point of Law, they could meet to- 

* gether,or any Man join with them in their Coun- 
felsr.Thatit was of the Effence of Parliament 
that they fhould, upon all Occafions, repair to 

* the King j and that his Majefty's Refufal at any 
Time to receive their Petitions, or to admit their 

* Addrefles, had been always held the higheft 
Breach of their Privilege, becaufe it tended to 
their DiiTolution without difolving them j and 
therefore if they {hould now, on their Parts, de- 

* termine that they would receive no more MefTages 

* from him, which was likewifea Part of their De- 

' cJaratiou, 

W Hijlcry, Vol. V. Offavt Edit, p. 94. 

of E N G L A N D. 25 

* claration, nor make any more Addrefs to him, An, 23 Car. J, 

* they did, upon the Matter, declare that they were , * ^7' , 

* no longer a Parliament ; and then, how could the February. 

* People look upon them as fuch ?' This Argu- 
mentation being boldly prefled by a Man of that 
Learning and Authority, who had very feldom not 
been believed, made a great Impreflion upon all 
Men who had not proftituted themfelves to Crom- 
iiell and his Party. But the other Side meant not 
to maintain their Refolution by Difcourfes, well 
knowing where their Strength lay ; and fo ftill 
called for the Queftion, which was carried by a 
Plurality of Voices, as they forefaw it would ; very 
many Perfons who abhorred the Determination not 
having Courage to provoke the powerful Men by 
owning their Diffent ; others fatisfying themfelves 
with the Refolution to withdraw themfelves, and 
to bear no farther Part in their Counfels ; which 
JMaynardlnmklf did, and came no more to the Houfe 
in very many Months, nor till there feemed to be 
fuch an Alteration in the Minds of Men, that there 
would be a Rcv^rfal of that monftrous Determina- 
tion ; and many others did the fame/ 

His Lordfhip adds, That when this Declara- 
tion was fent up to the Houfe of Peers for their Con- 
currence, the fame was given with as little For- 
mality as poflibly.' But this Aflertion is a Mif- 
take, for it was printed by an Order of the Houfe of 
Commons only, as before obferved ; and it does 
not appear, by their Journals, that the Concurrence 
of the Lords was either afked or given. 

His Lordfhip proceeds to inform us, * That the 
publiftiing this Declaration v/rought very different 
Effe&s in the Minds of the People, from what they 
expected it would produce ; and it appeared to be 
fo puhlickly detefted, that many who had ferved 
the Parliament in feveral unwarrantable Employ- 
ments and Cominiilions, from the Beginning of 
the War, in the City and in the Country, with- 
drew themfelves from the Service of the Parlia- 
ment, and much inveighed againft it for declining 


26 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2^3 Car. I. a jj ^ Principles upon which they had engaged 
i v _.' , them. Many private Perfons took upon them to 
February, publifh Anfwers to that Declaration, that, the King 
himfelf being under fo ftricT: a Reftraint that he 
could make no Anfwer, the People might not be 
poifoned with the Belief of it. And the feveral 
Anfwers of this Kind wrought very much upon the 
People, who opened their Mouths very loud againft 
the Parliament and the Army; and the Clamour 
was increafed by the Increafe of Taxes artti Impofi- 
tions, which were raifed by new Ordinances of Par- 
liament upon the Kingdom. In our own CoHeftiwjs 
we meet with feveral of thefe Anfwers, which 
fhews the great Courage and Refolution of the Au- 
thors of them ; efpecially when it is remembered, 
That at this Time the Prefs was under the fevereft 
Reftraint ; that a Committee of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, for fupprefling fcandalous and unlicenfed 
Pamphlets, were appointed to meet daily to take 
fpecial Care to prevent the Publication of any fuchj 
and a Sum of Money ordered to be paid to Infor- 
mers againft unlicenfed PrefTes. 

All thefe Anfwers of private Perfons we pafs 
over : But the following Declaration of the King, 
occafioned by the Votes againft any further Addrefs 
to him, printed at this very Time, and faid, in the 
Title-Page thereof, to be publifhed by his Majefty's 
fpecial Command ; with an Anfwer to the forego- 
ing Declaration of the Commons, publiftied by his 
Appointment, are of fuch Authority as to demand 
a Place in thefe Enquiries ; and this the rather, as 
no doubt the Impartial Reader would be defirous of 
feeing what Anfwer could be made to fo high a 
Charge againft the King. The Names of the Prin- 
ters are not affixed to either of thefe, nor is it to be 
expe&ed any would dare to own them at a Crifis 
when it was declared High Treafon to hold any 
Correfpondence with his Majelty without Leave of 
the Parliament ; but, by feveral Typographical Cir- 
curoftances, they feern to have been printed by ReyJ?o\ 

of E N G L A N D. 27 

and this Conjefture is confirmed., by their being An - 23 Car - * 
reprinted in his Edition of the King's Works (a). , . * 6 * 7 ' . 


The KING'S DECLARATION to all his 


Carijbrook-Caflle^Jan. 1 8, 1617. 

To all my People, of whatfoever Nation, Qua- 
lity, or Condition. 

AMI thus laid afide^ and mujl I not fpeak for The jy ng ' s Ap- 
<** myfelf ? No : I ^ui/l fpeak y and that to all my peal to his Peo- 
People ; (which I would have rather done by the Way P le u P n that 
of my two Houfes of Parliament^ but that there is c 
a public Order neither to make Addrejfes to, or re- 
ceive Mejjages from me) and who but you can be 
judge of the Differences betwixt me and my two 
Houfes? I know none elfe\ for I am fure you it is 
ivho will enjoy the Happinefs^ or feel the Mifery^ of 
good or ill Government ; and we all pretend who 
Jhould run fafteji to ferve you, without having a 


(a) In the Life of King Charles, prefixed to the Folio Edition of h; 
Works, we are told That the firft of thefe two Piece! was written 
by the King himfelf, and the other by Sir Edward Hyde, afterward* 
Earl of Clarendon. But his Lord/hip makes no Mention, in his 
Hiftory, of being the Author cf any of thefe Anfwers to the Declara- 
tions of the Commons. 

The Titles of the other Anfwers, in our Collodion of Pamphlets, 
run thus : 

The Royal Apology ; or an Anfiver to the Declaration of the Houfe of 
Commons, the iith of February, 1647 ; in ivbich they exfrefs the Rea- 
jons cf their Refolutions for making no more AddreJJes to, nor receiving any 
from his Maje/jy. At Pari', imprinted in the Tear 1648. The Au- 
thority abovercited informs us that Dr. Bates was the Author. 

An Antidote againft an itifefiious Air j or a (hart Reply ofWell-tviJberi 
unto the Good and Peace of this Kingdom, unto the Declaration of the 
fith o/'February, 1647. Printed in the Tear 1647. 

The Kingdom's brief An fwer to the late Declaration of the Hfuff of 
Commons, February u, 1647, touching the Reajons of their no further 
dddrcjfes to the King. London, printed in the Tear of eur Lord, 

The King's moft gracious Meffages for Peace and a Personal Treaty, 
publijbedfor his People's Satisfatlion, that they may fee and judge "whe- 
ther the Foundation of the Commons Declaration, touching their fates of 
no farther Addrefs id the King, (viz. his Majejiy's A'verferefs to Peace) 
be ju/t, rational, and religious. Printed in the Tear 1648. 

The two laft feera to hare been printed by Royjlon for tb Re 
already given, 

28 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a 3 Car. I. Regard, at leajl in the firji Place, to particular fii- 
t i647 ' _, terejls : And therefore I defire you to confider the State 
F-bruarv lam, and have been, in this long Time, and whether 
my Actions have more tended to the Public or my own, 
particular Good ; for whofiever will kck upon me bare- 
ly, as I am a Man, without that Liberty (which the 
meanejl of my Subjefls enjoy} of going whither, and 
converjing with whom, I will; as a Hufband and Fa- 
ther, without the Comfort of my IVife and Children ; 
or, lajlly, as a King, without the leajl Shew of Autho- 
rity or Power to protect my diftrefjed Subjects ; mujl 
conclude me not only void of all natural Ajfeftion, but 
alfo to want common Under/landing^ ifljhould not moft 
cbearfully embrace the readiejl Way to the Settlement of 
thefe diflraSled Kingdoms : As alfo, on the other Side, 
do but confider the Form and Draught of the Bills late- 
ly prefented unto me, and, as they are the Conditions of 
a 'Treaty, ye will conclude that the fame Spirit which 
hath ftill been able to frufirate all my fincere and con- 
Jlant Endeavours for Peace, hath had a powerful In- 
fluence on this Mejfage \ for tho* I was ready to grant 
the Sub/lance, and comply with what they feem to de- 
fire, yet, as they had framed it, I could not agree there- 
unto, without deeply wounding my Confcience and Ho- 
nour, and betraying the Truft repofed in me, by aban- 
doning my People to the arbitrary and unlimited Power 
of the two Houfes for ever, for the levying and main- 
taining of Land or Sea Forces, without Dijlinflion of 
Duality, or Limitation for Money Taxes : And if I 
eould have pajjed them in Terms, how unheard-of a 
Condition ^v ere it for a Treaty to grant before-hand the 
mojl conftderable Part of the Subject-Matter ? How 
ineffettual were that Debate like to prove, wherein the 
moft potent Party had nothing of Moment left to ajk, and 
tie other nothing more to give ? So, confequently, how 
fopelefs of mutual Compliance, without which a Set- 
tlement is impojftble : Eefides, if, after my Concef- 
fions, the two Hoi'fes Jhould infi/l on thoj'e Things 
from which I cannot depart, how defperate would 
the Condition of tbifs Kingdoms be y when the moft 
4 props.- 

of E N G L A N D. 29 

proper and approved Remedy Jbould become inejfec- An< 2 3 Car. I. 

Being, therefore, fully refelved that I could neither ', 
in Cor.fcience, Honour ', or Prudence, pnfs thofe four 
Bills 1 1 only endeavoured to make the Reafens and Juf- 
tice of my Denial appear to all the Worlds they do to 
?ne, intending to give as little Difatisfaflion to the two 
Houfes of Parliament ', without 'betraying my own Caufe 9 
as the Matter would bear. 1 was deftrous to give my 
Anfwer of the 2.8th 0/" December lajl, to the Commif- 
Jioners,fealed (as I had done others heretofore, and feme- 
times at the Dejire ef the Commijfioners) ; chiefly be- 
caufe, when my MeJJages or Anfwers were publickly 
known before they were read in the Houfes, prejudicial 
Interpretations were forced on them, much differing, 
and fometime s contrary to my Meaning .* for Example, 
my Anfwer from Hampton-Court was accufed of di- 
viding the two Nations, becaufe I promifed to give Sa- 
tisfaction to the Scots in all Things concerning that 
Kingdom : And this lajl fuffers in a contrary Senfe, by 
making me intend to inter ejl Scotland in the Laws of 
this Kingdom, (than which nothing was, nor is, fur- 
ther from my Thoughts) becaufe I took Notice of the 
Scots Commijfioners protejling again/I the Bills and 
Proportions, as contrary to the Interejls and Engage- 
ments of the two Kingdoms : Indeed, if I had not men- 
tioned their Diffent, an Objection, not without feme 
Probability, might have been made again/I me, both in 
refpeft the Scots are much concerned in the Bill for the 
Militia and in fever al other Proportions, and my Si- 
lence might, with feme Jujtice, havefeemed to approve 
of it ; but the Commiffioners refujing to receive my An - 
jwerfcaled, I (upon the Engagement of their and the 
Governor's Honour, that no other Ufe Jhould be made, 
or Notice taken of it, than as if it had not been ft en ) 
read and delivered it open to them ; whereupon what 
hath fmce poffed, either by the Governor, in difcharg- 
ing moft of my Servants, redoubling the Guards, and 
retraining me cf my former Liberty, (and all this, 
at himfelf confejjcd^ merely out of his own Dijlike of 


3 o The Parliamentary HISTORY* 

i. 23 Car. I. m y Anfvjer, notwithjlanding his beforefaid Engagement} 
* * 7 ' , or afterwards ly the two Houfes, as the Governor af- 

January. firms, in confining me within the Circuit of this Gajlle, 
I appeal to God and the World, whether my f aid An- 
fwer deferred the Reply of fuch Proceedings ; befides, 
the Unlawfulnefs for Subjects to imprifon their King. 

That, by the Permijfton of Almighty God, I am re- 
duced to this fad Condition, as I no way repine, fo 1 am 
not without Hope but that the fame God will, in due 
Time, convert thefe Afflictions unto my Advantage. In 
the mean Time 1 am content to bear thefe CroJJes with 
Patience and a great Equality of Mind ; but by what 
Means or Occafton I am come to this Relapfe in my 
Affairs, I am utterly to feek\ efpecially when I con- 
fider that I have facrificed to my two Houfes of Par- 
liament, for the Peace of the Kingdom, all but, what 
h much more dear to me than my Life, my Confcience, 
and Honour ; defiring nothing more than to perform it 
In the mojl proper and natural Way, a Perfonal Treaty. 
But that which makes me mojl at a Lofs, is the remem- 
bering my fignaj. Compliance with the Army and their 
Inter efts ; and of what Importance my Compliance was 
to them ; and their often-repeated ProfeJJions and En- 
gagements for my jujl Rights, in general, fl/ New- 
market and St. Alban's ; and their particular Expla- 
nations of thofe Generals, by their voted and revoted 
Propofals, which I had Reafon to under/land Jhould be 
the utmojl Extremity would be expefted from me, and 
that in fame Things therein I Jhould be eafed (herein 
appealing to the Confciences of fame of the chief eft 
Officers in the Army, if what I have faid be not 
punctually true) -, and how I have failed of their Ex- 
pectations, or my ProfeJJions to them, I challenge them 
and the whole World to produce the leajl Colour of 

And now I would know what it is that is dejtred: 
Is it Peace ? I have Jhewed the Way, being both wil- 
ling and defirous to perform my Part in it, which is a^ 
a jujl Compliance with all chief Inter ejls. Is it 
Plenty and Happinefs ? Tf)ey are the infeparable Ef- 


of E N G L A N D> 31 

fefls of Peace. Is it St urity ? I, who wijh that all An. 23 Car. I, 
Men would forgive and forget like me, have offered the . ' * 7 ' t 
Militia for my Time. Is it Liberty of Confcience ? January. 
He who wants it, is mojl ready to give it. Is it the 
Right Admini/lration of Juftice ? Officers of Trujl are 
committed to the Choice of my two Houfes of Parliament. 
Is it frequent Parliaments? I have legally, fully con- 
Burred therewith. Is it the Arrears of the Army ? Upon 
a Settlement they will certainly be paid with much Eafe^ 
but, before, there will be found much Difficulty, if not 
Impojfibility, in it. 

Thus all the World cannot but fee my real and un- 
wearied Endeavours for Peace ; the which, by the Grace 
of Gad, I Jhall neither repent me of, nor ever bejlacken- 
W in, notwithjianding my paft, prefent, or future Suf- 
ferings ; but if I may not be heard, let every one judge 
who it is that obftrufls the Good I would or might da. 
What is it that Men are afraid to hear from me ? It 
cannot be Reafon, (at leaji none will declare themf elves 
fo unreafonable as to confefs it] and it can lefs be imper- 
tinent or unreafonable Difcourfes ; for thereby, perad- 
venture, I might more jujlify this my Rejlraint than the 
, Caufers themfelves can do ; fo that, of all lenders yet, 
this is the greatefl to me, but it may eafily be gathered 
T)ow thofe Men intend to govern, who have u fed me thus: 
And if it be my hard Fate to fall together with the Li- 
berty of this Kingdom, I Jhall not bluJJ) for myfelf, but 
much lament the future Miferies of my People ; the 
which I Jhall Jllll pray to God to avert, whatever be- 
comes of me, 


An ANSWER te a Pamphlet intituled, A Declaration 
of the Commons of England in Parliament aflfem- 
bled, expreffing their Reafons and Grounds of 
paffing the late Refolutions touching no further 
Addrefs or Application to be made to the King. 

* T Believe it was never heard of until now, that ^ n Anf wcr to 

* A heavy Imputations were laid on any Man, t R e af r n c s 8 1 f n f he 
' (I fpeak^not now of Kings, which I confefs makes Commons. 

' the .Cafe yet more ftrange and unjuft) and he 

' not 

3 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

not permitted to fee, much lefs to anfwer, them : 
But fo it is now with the King ; which does, 
though filently, yet fubjeft him to as great an 
Imputation as there is any in the faid Declara- 
tion ; for thofe who know no better may thinlc 
that he cannot, becaufe he does not, snfwer it : 
Wherefore I hold it my Duty, knowing thefe 
Things better than every ordinary Man$ to do 
my beft) that the King fhould not be injured by 
the Ignorance of his People ; and albeit I (ly- 
ing under Perfecution for my Confcience and 
Love to Regal Authority) have not the Means, 
in every Thing, to make full Probations j yet I 
am confident, in all the moil material Points, fo 
to make the Truth of the King's Innocency ap- 
pear, that I fhall fatisfy any impartial judicious 

' What the Tflue of former AddrefTes to the King 
hath'been, is moft certainly known to all the 
World ; but where the Fault refts, whereby 
Peace hath not enfued, bare AfTeverations with- 
out Proofs cannot, I am fure, fatisfy any judicious 
Reader. And, indeed^ it feems to me that the 
Pennerofthis feeks more to take the Ears of the 
ignorant Multitude with big Words and bold Af- 
fertions, than to fatisfy rational Men with real 
Proofs or true Arguments : For, at the very firft, 
he begs the Queftion, taking it for granted that 
the King could eafe the Sighs and Groans, dry 
the Tears, and ftanch the Blood of his diftrefled 
Subjects. Alas ! Is it he that keeps Armies on 
Foot when there is none to oppofe ? Is it he that 
will not lay down Excife, Taxations, and free 
Quarterings ? But it is he, indeed, who was fo 
far from Power, even at that Time, being far 
worfe fince, that in moft Things be wanted the 
Liberty of any free-born Man : It is he who ne- 
ver refufed to eafe his People of their Grievances; 
witnefs more A&s of Grace pafied in his Reign 
than, to fpeak within my Compafs, in any five 
Kings or Queens Times that were ever before 

' him, ; 

tf E N G L A N D. 33 

him i Moreover, it is he who, to fettle the pre* An. 43 Cm I. 
fent unhappy Diftractions, and, as the beft l64 ?' 
Means to it, to obtain a Perfonal Treaty, hath f e bniar. 
offered fo much ; that, to fay Truth, during his 
own Time, he hath left himfelf little more than 
the Title of a King; as it plainly appears by his 
MefFage from the Ifle of Wight, concerning the 
Militia, and choofing the Officers of State and 
Privy Counfellors, befides other Points of Com- 
pliance, which it is needlefs here to mention. 
4 Good God ! Are thefe Offers unfit for them to 
receive? Have they tendered fuch Propofitions 
that might occafion the World to iudge that they 
have yielded up not only their Wills and Affec- 
tions, but their Reafons alfo and Judgments, for 
obtaining; a true Peace or good Accommodation ? 
It is true that, if they can fhew what reafonably 
they could have afked more, or wherein the King's 
Offers were deficient, either in point of Security, 
or by with-holding from any of his Subjects a Jot 
of their juft Privileges, then they faid fomewhat 
to challenge Belief: But bare AfTervations, even 
againft what a Man fees, will not get Credit with 
any but fuch who abandon their Judgments to an 
implicit Faith : Nor can the Determinations of 
all the Parliaments in the World make a Thing 
juft or neceflary, if it be not fo ofitfelf: And 
can it be imagined that any, who were ever ac- 
quainted with the Paflages at the Treaties of 
Oxford and Uxbridge, will believe, though it 
be faid, That the Propofitions tendered a t Newcaftle 
were the fame, in Effett, which had been pre- 
fented to the King before, in the Midjl of all hii 
Strength and Forces? Indeed, methinks, fuch 
grofs Slips as thefe fliould, at leaft, make a Man 
be wary how to believe fuch Things, for which 
he fees no Proofs ; and yet it fhould feem that a 
Man muft either take their Words for good 
Payment, or remain unfatisfied ; for, a little* 
after, it is faid, That the King's Jlfange, unex- 
pefted, and conditional Anfwen or Denials might 
VOL. XVII. C * jvftl, 

34 Vfa Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a 3 Car. I. < jujlly have made them confider feme other Courfe 

l6 47- for fettling the Kingdom in Peace and Safety, 

February. ' w ^ out any farther Application ; but never (hewn 

* wherein the Strangenefs of his Anfwers or De- 
' nials confifts : And I fhould think that thofe Rea- 

* fons upon which the laying by of a King's Au- 
thority is grounded, for it is no lefs, ought to be 
< particularly mentioned for the World's Satisfac- 
' tion, and not involved in general big Words : For 
' it thereby feems, that it is their Force of Arms, 

* more than that of Reafon, which they truft to for 

* procuring of Obedience to their Determinations, 
e or Belief to what they fay ; otherwife can it be 
6 imagined that their faying, That their laft Propoji- 
( tions were fo qualified that, where it might ji and 

* with the Public Safety, the wonted Scruples and Ob- 

* jefliom were prevented or removed, can give Satis- 

* faction to any rational Man who hath feen all 
' their former Propofitions ? for it is moft evident 
( that their Demands have always increafed with 

* their good Fortune. 

* And for their great Condefcention to a Per- 

* fonal Treaty (which, under Favour, can fcarcely 

* be called fo ; for the King, though he had grant- 
' ed what was defired, was not come either to 
' or near London, but to ftay in the Ifie of Wight, 
' and there to treat with Commifii oners) upon 
' figning the four Bills, furely they incurred therein 

* but little Danger ; for it is moft evident that they 

* contain the very Subftance of the moft eflential 

* Parts of their Demands, which being once grant- 
' ed the King would neither have had Power to de- 

* ny, nor any Thing left worth the refufing j for 
after he had confefled that he had taken up Arms 

* to invade the Liberty of his People, (whereas 

* it was only for the Defence of his own Rights) 
' and had likewife condemned all thofe, who had 
' faithfully ferved him, of Rebellion; and that he 
4 had totally diverted himfelf, his Heirs, and Syc- 

* ceffors for ever, of the Power of the Sword ; wherc- 
( by the Protection of his Subjects, which is one of 



the moft eflbntial and neceflary Rights belonging 
to Regal Authority, is totally torn away from the 
Crown ; and that, by a filent Conceffion, he had 
done himfelfand Succeflbrs an irreparable Preju- 
dice concerning the Great Seal (I fpeak not of 
the other two Bills, neither of which are of little 
Importance) ; what was there more for him to 
grant, worth the minting upon, after fuch Con- 
ceffions ? or indeed, what Power was left him to 
deny any Thing ? So that the King's Neccflity 
of giving the Anfwer he did, for it was no abfo- 
lute Refufal, is moft evident; unlefs he had re- 
folved to have lived in Quiet without Honour, 
and to have given his People Peace without 
Safety, by abandoning them to an arbitrary and 
unlimited Power of the two Houfes, for ever, 
concerning the levying of J/and or Sea Forces, 
without ftinting of Numbers or Diftin&ion ofPer- 
fons; and, for Payments, to levy fuch Sums of 
Monies, in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways and Means 
as they (hall think fit and appoint. And now 
J cannot but afk, Is this the Militia that the King 
contends for ? or, did ever any King of England 
pretend to, or feek for, fuch a Power ? Surely, 
no. But this is a new Militia, and take heed left 
this fhould prove like the Roman Pretorian Co- 
horts, that what they did in choofmg and chang- 
ing Emperors, thefe do not to this Government, 
by moulding and altering it according to their 
Fancies. Now, my Eagernefs to clear this 
Point concerning the four Bills, had almoft made 
me forget a moft material Qyeftion : I wonder 
much wherein the Danger confifts of a Perfonal 
Treaty with the King ever fmce he was laft at 
Newcajlle : Surely he cannot bring Forces along 
with him to awe his two Houfes of Parliament j 
and it is as well known that he hath not Money 
to raife an Army ; and, truly, there is as little 
Fear that the Eloquence of his Tongue fhpuld 
work Miracles ; but, on the contrary, if he were 
fo ill a Man as you defcribe him to be, whatfo- 
C' 2 ever 

36 t fhe' Parliamentary HISTORY 

in. 13 Car. I. < ever he fhall fay or write muft more prejudice 

L l6 * 7 ' , * him than you : For, let him never flatter himfelf, 

February. ' l * muft be clear, not doubtful, Reafon that can 

' prevail againft that great vifible prevailing Power 

* which now oppofes him J nor do I fay it will, 

* but certainly lefs cannot do it ; Where is then 

* the Danger ? Believe it, Reafon will hardly 

* maintain thofe who are afraid of her. 

4 After this it is faid, That they had Caufe enough 

* to remember that the King fometimes denied to rt- 

* ceive their bumble Petitions ; but they neither tell 
1 where nor when, which I am moft confident they 
' cannot ; but I am certain that the King hath fent 
' divers Meflages of Peace to them, unto which he 
4 hath yet had no Anfwer; namely, his laft from 
4 Oxford, of the I5th of 'January, 1645, and all 

* the reft fince. As for the Fight at Brentford ; 

* whofoever will read the Collection of the Decla- 
4 rations in Print upon that Subject, will clearly 

* find that the King hath more Reafon to com- 

* plain than they, under Colour of Treaty, fought 

* to inviron him with their Forces, than they 

* for what he then did. And his Retreat was 

* neither for Fear nor with Shame ; for the ap- 

* pearing of the Enemy made him retard, not ha- 
e ften, his Orders for retiring, whichdivers Hours be - 

* fore their appearing he had given ; which he did 

* without any Lofs at all ; but, on the contrary, 

* retreated with more Arms, eleven Colours, and 

* fifteen Pieces of Ordnance, befides good Store of 

* Ammunition, than he had before : And, for 
4 Cruelty, there was not a Drop of Blood fhed but 

* in the Heat of the Fight, for I faw above 500 
c Prifoners, who, only promifmg never after to bear 
4 Arms againft the King, were freely releafcd. 

4 Again they feem to have good Memories, fay- 

* ing, That the King once fent them a fpectous Mef- 
4 fage of renewing a Treaty, when at the fame Time 

* his MeJJenger was injlrufted how to manage that 
4 bloody Mafia ere in London, which was then de- 
4 Jigned by virtue of the King's Commijfion, fince 

4 pullifitd,: 

^/ENGLAND. 37 

publljhed: And hath the King fcnt but one Mef- An.* 3 Car. 
1 fage for the renewing of a Treaty ? Then what 

* was that from Tavljlock, in Augufl 1644, and February. 

* five others from Oxford the next Year, viz. of 

* the 5th, I5th, 26th and 29th of December^ and 
' the 1 5th of January^ 1645 ^ ^ ut indeed tn ^ s > 

* that is here mentioned, they knew not how to 

* anfwcr, (for at that Time they knew not the 

* Way of Silence) but by this forged Accufation 
' againft the MefTenger; who, I dare fay, knew no- 
' thing of that which might have been, at that 
' Time, intended for the King's Service by fome 

* who had more Zeal than Judgment ; but that 

* there was a Maflacre intended, or that any 

* Commiffion from the King mould countenance 
' fuch a Defign, is a moft notorious Slander, 

* As fortheKing'smentionedLettertotheQueen, 

* I am confident that any judicious Reader will 
' find the Glofs made upon it very much wrefted : 
1 And certainly Aftep-ages will think thefe Times 

* very barbarous, wherein private Letters betwixt 
' Man and Wjfe are publiflied to open View j and 
' in other Countries, there is fuch Refpecl: carried 
4 to private Letters of Princes, that, to my Know- 
ledge, the laft Emperor, in the greateft Heat of 

* the Bohemian War, having intercepted a Packet, 

* wherein were private Letters to King James of 

* blefied Memory, (who was then known to be no 
4 great Friend to the Emperor) from his only 
1 Daughter, then avowedly the Emperor's greateft 

* Enemy ; yet he fent them to the King, without 
the leaft Offer of Violence to the Seals. 

* And now I come to their Determination upon 
the whole Matter, what Courfe they have refolved 

* to take with the King : Their Words are, But y 
< notiurtbjlanding this and othtr former Tenders, we 
r have now received fuch a Denial, that we are in 

* Dtfpair of any Good by Addrejfis to the King ; 

* neither muji we be fo injurious to the People in 
' further delaying their Settlement^ as any more to 

his Confent to thefe, or any ether Prcpofi- 
C 3 tions,' 

3 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

tlons. Befides, it is refolved upon the Queftiom 
That they will receive no more any MejJ'age from 
tke King ; and do enjoin, That no Perfons do 
prefume to receive or bring any Meffage from the 
King to both or either Houfes of Parliament^ or to 
any other Perfon. Thus you fee that the King 
is laid by: But that is not all; for he muft nei- 
ther juftify his Innocency againft Calumny, nor 
is there any Way left him to mend any Error that 
he may have committed : Is this a juft Way of 
proceeding, when Truth, though offered, muft 
not be heard, and that no Way muft be left, to 
recant an Error ? And why all this Severity ? Be- 
caufe, as I have already {hewn you, the King will 
not injure his Confcience or Honour, nor fuffer 
his People to be opprefled ; to which they give the 
Term of fuch a Denial, though really it was 
none. But fince they thus feek to hood-wink 
the People, it is no great wonder that they for- 
bid the King to repent him of thofe Faults which 
he never committed ; and I believe all indifferent 
Men will eafily judge of the King's Innocency, 
even by their Way of Accufation : For thofe 
who will lay fuch high Crimes to his Charge, 
as the Breach of Oaths, Vows, Proteftations, 
and Imprecations, would not fpare to bring their 
Proofs, if they had any : But, on the contrary, 
it is known to all the World, that he had not 
fufFered as he has done, if he would have dif- 
penfed with that Part of his Coronation Oath, 
which he made to the Clergy, which is no great 
Sign that he makes flight of his Engagements j 
of which it is fo univerfally known that he has 
been fo religioufly careful, as I hold it a Wrong- 
to his Innocency, to feek to clear him of fuch 
Slanders, for which there are no Proofs alledged ; 
for Malice, being once detected, is beft anfwered 
with Neglecl and Silence : And was there ever 
greater or more apparent Malice, than to offer to 
put the horrid Slander of Parricide upon him, 
who was eminently known to be as obedient and 
loving a fon to his blefled Father, as any Hiftory 

* can 

of E N G L A N D. 39 

4 can make mention of ? But indeed the Lofs of An - *3 Car - 

4 Rochelle doth fitly follow, to fhew how Malice, t * 647 ' 

4 when it is at the Height, is ordinarily accompani- February 

' ed ; for there are none, but ignorant or forgetful 

4 Men, who know not that it was meerly the Want 

4 of Afliftance from the two Houfes of Parliament 

4 (contrary to their public general Engagement) 

{ that loft Rochelle : And there is nothing more 

4 clear (to any who hath known French Occur- 

4 renccs) than that real Afliftance which the King, 

* to the utmoft of his Power, gave to thofe of the 
4 Religion at that Time, made Cardinal Rich- 
4 lieu an irreconcilable Enemy to the King; 
4 wherefore I cannot but fay, that it is a ftrange 
forgetful Boldnefs to charge the King with that 
' which was evidently other Men's Faults. 

4 There are alfo other Things that, to any 

* knowing Man, will rather feem Jeers than Ac- 

* cufationsj as the German Horfe, and Spanijb 

* Fleet in the Year 1639. But my Affection (hall 
4 not fo blind me as to fay that the King ne- 

* ver erred; yet, as when a juft Debt is paid, 

* Bonds ought to be cancelled ; fo Grievances, be 
' they never fo juft, being once redrefled, ought no 

* more to be objected as Errors : And it is no Pa* 

* radox to affirm, That Truths this way told are no 
better than Slanders ; and fuch are the Cata- 
4 logue of Grievances here enumerated j which) 
4 when they are well examined, every one of them 
4 will not be found fuch as here they are defcribed 
to be. 

4 Now, as concerning thofe Difcourfes which 
4 mention the Beginnings of thefe Troubles 
4 which are in two feveral Places of this Declara- 
' tion, I will only fay this, That what the King 
4 did upon thefe Occafions, was meerly to defend 

* the Rights of his Crown, which were and are 
' evidently fought to be torn from him : Nor can 
1 I acknowledge all thofe Relations to be true; 
4 fuch as private Levies of Men by Popim Agents j 
4 arming of Papifts in the North ; calling in of 
V Danijh Forces, and the like: And as for the ftale 

C 4 * Slander 

40 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n. 23 Car. I, * Slander of calling up the Northern Army, now 

. * 647 ' , ' renewed ; it is well known that the two H ufes, 

Fcbmary. ' even at tnat Time, were not fo partial to the 

* King, as to have concealed a Practice of that 

* Kind, if they could have got it fufficiently 
' proved. 

' But if the Itijh Rebellion can be juftly charged 

* upon the Ring, then I (hall not blame any for 

* believing all the reft of the Allegations againft 

* him ; only I proteft againft all Rebels Teftimo- 

* ny as good Proof, it being moft certain by Ex- 

* perience, that they who make no Confcience of 

* rebelling, will make lefs of lying, when it is for 
' their Advantage. And it is no little Wonder 
' that fo grave an AfTembly as the Houfe of Com- 
' mons fhould fo flightly examine aBufmefs of that 
' great Weight, as to alledge that the Scots Great 

* Seal did countenance the Irijl) Rebellion, when I 

* know it can be proved, by Witnefles without 

* Exception, that, for many Months before until 

* the now Lord-Chancellor had the keeping of it, 

* there was nothing at all fealed by it. Nor con- 
' cerning this great Point will I only fay that the 
' King is innocent, and bid them prove (which, 
" to moft Accufations, is a fufficient Anfwer ;) 
4 but I can prove, that if the King had been obeyed 
' in the Injh Affairs before he went laft into Scot- 

* land, there had been no Irijb Rebellion j and, 
' a ter it was begun, it had, in a few Months, been 

* (upprefled, if his Directions had been obferved ; 

* for if the King had been fuffered to have per- 

* formed his Engagements to the Iri/h Agents, and 
' had difpofed of the difcontented Irijh Army be- 

* yond Sea, according to his Contracts with the 
' French and Spanijh AmbafFadors, there is nothing 

* more clear, than that there could have been no 

* Rebellion in Ireland; becaufe they had wanted 
' both Pretence and Means to have made one: 
' Then when it was broken forth, if thofe vigo- 
rous Courfes had been purfued which the King 

* propofed, firft to the Scots, then to the Englijh 

* Parliament, doubtlefs that Rebellion ha.d beeri 


of E N G L A N D. 41 

foon fupprefled. But what he propofecl took fo An. 23 Car. I. 
little Effect, that, in many Months after, there t f< _ t 
was nothing fent into Ireland but what the King i-\Uury. 
himfelf fent, aflifted by the Duke of Richmond^ 
before he came from Scotland^ unto Sir Robert 
Stuart ; which, though it was little, will be found 
to have done much Service, as may be feen by 
Sir Robert's voluntary Teftimony, uiven in Wri- 
ting to tl e Parliament's Commiflioners then at- 
tending the King at Stoak. And certainly a 
greater Evidence for Conftancy in Religion there 
cannot be, than the King {hewed in his Irijb 
Treaty ; for in the Time that he moft needed 
Afliftance, it was in his Power to have made that 
Kingdom declare unanimoufly for him, and have 
had the wole Forces thereof employed in his Ser- 
vice, if he would have granted their Demands in 
Points of Religion, they not infilling on any 
Thing of Civil Government which his Majefty 
might not have granted without Prejudice to his 
Regal Authority ; and this can be clearly proved 
by the Marquis of Ornwnd's Treaties with the 
Irifh, not without very good Evidence by fome 
of the King's Letters to the Queen, which were 
taken at Nnfeby, that are purpofely concealed, left 
they fhould too plainly difcover the King's De- 
teftation of that Rebellion, and his rigid Firmnefs 
to the Proteftant Profefiion. Nor can I end this 
Point without remarking with Wonder, that 
Men fhould have fo ill Memories as again to renew 
that old Slander of the King's giving Pafles to di- 
vers Papifts and Perfons of Quality, who headed 
the Rebels ; of which he fo cleared himfelf, that he 
demanded Reparation for it, but could not have 
it, albeit no Shew of Proof could be produced for 
that Allegation ; as is moft plainly to be feen in 
the firft Book of the Collection of all Remon- 
ftrances, Declarations, &c. Fol. 69 and 70. 
' Thus having given a particular Anfwer to the 
moft material Points in this Declaration, the reft 
are fuch frivolous, malicious, and many of them 
groundlefs Calumnies, that Contempt is the beft 



Ag Ordinance 
J'or railing 
a 0,000 /. per 
i -i intern for Re- 
lief $ Ireland. 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

* Anfwer for them. Yet one Thing more I muft 
c obferve, that they not only endeavour to make 
' Fables pafs for current Coin, but likewife fcekto 

* blind Men's Judgments with falfe Inferences upon 

* fome Truths : For Example j it is true that the 

* King hath faid in fome of his Speeches or Decla- 
1 rations, that he oweth an Account of his Aftions to 
' none but God alont j and that the Houfes ofParlia- 
' went) joint or feparate, have no Power either t9 
4 make or declare any Law ; but that this is a fit 
' Foundation for all Tyranny, I mult utterly deny. 

* Indeed if it had been faid, That the King, 
' without the two Houfes of Parliament, could 
' make or declare Laws, then there might be 

* fome Strength in the Argument ; but, before this 
c Parliament, it was never fo much as pretended, 
4 that either or both Houfes, without the King, 

* could make or declare any Law ; and certainly his 
' Majefty is not the firft, and I hope will not be 
' the laft King of England, that hath not held him- 
1 felf accountable to any earthly Power : Befides it 
1 will be found that his Majefty's Pofition is moft 

* agreeable to all divine and human Laws ; fo far 
4 it is from being deftructive to a Kingdom, or a 

* Foundation for Tyranny. 

' To conclude: I appeal to God and the World, 
' whether it can be paralleled by Example, or war- 
4 ranted by Juftice, that any Man fhould be flan- 

* dered, yet denied the Sight thereof ; and fo far 

* from being permitted to anfwer, that, if he has 

* erred, there is no way left him to acknowledge 
4 or mend it: And yet this is the King's prefent 

* Condition ; who is at this Time laid afide, be- 

* caufe he will not confent that the old fundamental 

* Laws of this Land be changed, Regal Power de- 

* ftroyed, nor his People fubmitted tx> a new, arbi- 

* trary, tyrannical Government.' 

Feb. 18. This Day a very long Ordinance, ma- 
king no lefs than fixty Pages in the Lords Jour- 
nals, was paflfed by both Houfes. It was to raife 
' 2OjOOO/. ptr Menftm) for fix Months, towards 
2 the 

of E N G L A N D. 43 

the Relief of Ireland^ and Support of the Engl'ijh A. ^^ > Cr. I- 

Forces in that Kingdom. It is drawn like our v _^ j , 

modern Land-Tax Bills, where each particular February. 
Sum, charged upon every County in England^ to- 
gether with the Commiffioners Names, is fpeci- 
fied ; but it is much too long and tedious for our 
Purpofe. Nothing offering material enough for 
our Notice, we pafs on to, 

Feb. 29, Both Houfes fat on this Day, it being 
Leap Year, when a Letter from the Earl of Not- 
tingbam,then at Edinburgh, dated February 22, 164^, 
and feveral Papers inclofed, were read. 

To the Right Hon. EDWARD Earl of M A N- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 
Tern pore. 

Alay it pleafe your Lordjhip t 

ON Friday the i8th of February we arrived A Series of Letr 
at Edinburgh, where the Gentlemen, Com- ^Jj^^ 1 
mifiioners from the Houfe of Commons, who , P h e Scot's ParHa- 
came hither before us, gave us to underftand that mem andtheEn- 
they had fent a Letter to the Lord-Chancellor, a^^Slf'ai 
Copy whereof is here inclofed. Edinburgh. 

On Saturday the igth the Lord-Chancellor 
came to us, fent from the Committee of Eftates, 
to fee our Commiffion, or Letters of Credence ; 
which we (hewed him : Upon Sight whereof, 
finding they were directed to the Parliament of 
Scotland^ he was pleafed to tell us, That the laft 
Parliament was determined, and this was not 
yet met, thereupon we were neceffitated to 
(hew him fo much of our Inftructions, as did di- 
rect us to make Application to the Committee of 
Eftates, and did warrant the Paper lately fent to 
them. All which being comprehended in a Let- 
ter from the Chancellor, and an Anfwer to it, I 
have inclofed ( fent you Copies of them both ; and 
becaufe we might poflibly be delayed till the Par- 
liament (it, which is more than a Week to come, 


7%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

we did, confidering the State of Affairs here, add 
_ fomething in the End of your Letter, which we 

February. * thought was for your Service, the promoting 
' whereof (hall be the conftant Endeavours of, 

Your Lord/hip's bumble Servant, 


Scotland, from the CommiJJioners of the Houfe 
of Commons , referred to in the foregoing. 

Edinburgh , Feb. 10, 164!-. 
fylay it pleafe your Lord/hip, 

E are lent from both Houfes of the Par- 
liament of England, Commiflioners unto 
the Committee of Eftates and Parliament of the 
Kingdom of Scotland ; and hearing that the Com- 
mittee of Eftates do meet this Day, we do intreat 
your Lordfhip to move them on our BehaJf, 
that they would be pleafed to appoint in what 
Way v/e may impart to them what we have in 
Command from both Homes with as much Speed 
as may (land with their Conveniency, wherein 
you will do a fpecial Favour unto, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lord/kip's mofl humble Servants, 


d COPY of the LORD-CHANCELLOR of Scotland's 

Holyrood-Houfe, Feb. u, 164^-. 
Right Honourable, 

* I Did communicate your Letter Yefterday to 
A the Committee of Eftates, who have com- 

* manded me to make known to you, that they 
will take your Defire into Confideration, and re- 

* tuin 

9 f ENGLAND. 45 

turn an Anfwer fpeedily ; and I (hall be ready, An. ^3 Car. 
* upon all Occafions, to teftify that I am, * 7 ' 

Teur mojl humble Servant, 

L O U D O N. 

A CoPY of a fecond LETTER from the Commif- 
Jioners of tbe Houft of Commons to the Chancellor of 

Edinburgh, Feb. 15, 164^. 
May itpleafe your Lordjhip, 
\\T E do acknowlege your Lordfhip's Favour, 
in prefenting the Defires in our former 
Letter unto the Right Honourable the Commit- 
tee of Eftates ; and now, after we have refided 
here fo many Days, we judge it our Duty both 
to let your Lordfhips know in general wherefore 
we are fent to them, and to enable ourfelves to 
give forrte Account to the Parliament of England 
what we do in Purfuance of their Commands j 
therefore we do further humbly intreat yourLord- 
fhip to communicate the inclofed Paper to the 
Right Honourable the Committee of Eftates, 
whofe Refolutions we fhall attend concerning the 
Way of our further Proceedings. 

My Lord, 

Tour Lord/hip's mojl humble Servants, 


A COPY of the firjl PAPER fent from the Engllfli 
Commijjionets to the Committee of EJiaies of Scot- 

Edinburgh, Feb. 15,164^. 

XX7 E the Commiffioners of both Houfes of 
the Parliament of England, have in Charge 
from them to declare unto the Committee of 
Eftates, Convention of Eftates, or Pailiament of 
the Kingdom of Scotland, That it is their un- 

* feigned 

46 *Fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. * 3 car. I. feigned Defire, and fhall be their conftant En- 

t T ? ' ^ c deavour, to maintain and preferve a good Corre- 

Fcbruary. * fpondency, a right Underftanding, and a bro- 

* therly Agreement between the Parliament and 

* Kingdom of England, and the Parliament a'nd 

* Kingdom of Scotland; and that they do fmcerely 
' intend to do all Things which, with Honour and 
' Juftice, lies in their Power, to give Satisfaction 

* to their Brethren of Scotland ; to the which End 

* they have fent us, that all contrary Impreflions, 

* that poffibly may arife, may be refuted, and their 

* unfeigned Defires manifefted ; and to continue 

* the happy Conjunction between the two King- 

* doms in that one common Caufe, and againfl the 

* common Enemy, wherein they have been fo long, 

* with the Bleflmg of God, united ; it being that 

* whereunto we are deedly obliged, by fo many 

* mutual Engagements, ami wherein the Glory of 
' God, the Intereft of all them that profefs the 
' true Reformed Religion, and the Tranquillity 

* and Peace of both thefe Kingdoms, are fo rnu- 

* tually concerned : Upon which Confideration? 

* we cannot doubt but that the like Affection and 
' Defire will be manifefted by the Par! lament of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland, by your Lord/hips, and by 
' all others in Truft and Power under you. 

By Command of the CommiJJioners far the Parila 
ment of England. 

JO. SQUIBB, Secretary. 

A COPY of a LETTER from the Lord-Chancellor of 
Scotland to the Englifti CommiJJioners, concerning 
his communicating to the Committee of Eft at es their 
Dejire to make known to them their CommiJJkn and 
Power from both Houfes of the Parliament of 

Holyr ood- Houfe, Feb. 21, 164^. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

T Received your Letter of the I5th, with the 
' inclofed Paper, which I communicated to the 
* Committee of Eftates, who have appointed me 
6 to defire you would be pleafed to make known 



c the Commiflion or Power you have from the two An - 2 3 Car - L 
* Houfes of the Parliament of England-, after t ' * 7 ' . 
which they will take your Defires fpeedily into February. 
' Confideration. 

* This being all I have in Command at this 
Time, I reft, 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

Tour mojl humble Servant , 


A COPY of the CommiJJioners ANSWER to the fore- 
going LETTER. 

Edinburgh , Feb. 22, 164^. 
My Lord) 
' HT"* H E laft Night we received, in a Letter 

* JL from your Lordfhip, that which, upon Sa~ 
4 turday the igth of this Month, you was pleafedto 

* deliver us by Word of Mouth from the Com- 
f mittee of Eftates ; in Anfwer whereunto we did 
4 then {hew unto your Lordfhip our Letters of 

* Credence unto the Parliament of Scotland; where- 

* of, becaufe we had a Duplicate, we have, for 
4 better Satisfaction, fent you inclofed one of the 
4 Originals, which we doubt not will give Satif- 

* faction unto the Right Honourable the Commit- 
4 tee of Eftates, to whom both Houfes of the Par- 
4 liament of England are fo defirous to fhew all 
4 Refpeft, that we are confident they would have 

* alfo fent to them a particular Letter of Credence 
4 if it had been judged neceflary or ufual j befides, 
4 we did then fhcw unto your Lordfhips, that both 
4 Houfes of the Parliament of England did, upon 
4 the 29th of January laft paft, give Inftrudliom 
4 (which, having the Force of an Ordinance of 

* Parliament, are both a Commiflion and Inftruc- 
4 tion) unto Char las Earl of Nottingham^ Henry 
4 Earl of Stamford^ Bryan Stapylton^ Robert Gcod- 
4 win, William Ajburft^ and John Birch, Efqrs. 
4 appointed Commiflloners to the Kingdom of 

4 Scotland, 

48 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. Scotland; and we did then let your Lordfhip fee 

k \ 7 ' t * fo much of our Inftru&ions, as did make it ap- 

February. * P ear tnat tne ^ a ^ Commiflioners, or any two of 
' them, were commanded, in the Name of both 

* Houfes of the Parliament of England^ ta make 

* Addrefles not only unto the Parliament of this 
' Kingdom, but alfo the Convention or Committee 
' of Eftates ; and that we had fufficient Warrant in 
' thofe Inftru&ions for our Paper of the I5th of 
' February Inftant, now mentioned in your Lord- 
' (hip's Letter ; wherein we did declare the unfeign- 

* ed Defire of the Parliament of England to preferve 

* and continue a good Underftandin^ and brothey- 
' ly Agreement betwixt thofe two Kingdoms, who 
' are, by the Blefling of God, in fo happy a Con- 
' junction ; and now, having this Opportunity, we 
' do intreat your Lordfliip to prefent from us this 
' further Defire unto the Right Honourable th^Com- 

* mittee of Eftates, that they would entertain no 
Mifapprehenfion of the Proceedings of the Parlia- 

* ment of England; but, if any fuch mould be, 
' that we may be heard ; it being the Refolution- 

* of the Parliament of England to give Satisfaction 

* to the Parliament of Scotland in all juft and ho- 
' nourable Things ; which is all wherewith we 

* ftiall at prefent trouble your Lordfhip, but {ball 
wait upon the further Refolution of the Commit' 
' tee, and remain, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhips mo/J humble Servants, 

The fame Day, Fib. 29, the Commons paffed 
4 long Declaration they had drawn up, in Anfwer 
to one the Scots Commiflioners had printed and 
publifhed in Scotland, intituled, the Anfivcr of the 
CommiJJioners of the Kingdom of Scotland to bstb 
Houfes of Parliament upon the new Propofitians cf 
Peace, and the four Bills fent to his Mojtjly ; and 



e/* ENGLAND. 49 

c&ncerning the Proceedings of the f aid Commijfioners in An. 23 Car. I. 
the IJle of Wight. This Declaration had been fe- t l647 ' 
veral Days debated, and many Divifions thereupon, 
but was at laft agreed to by a Majority of 69 Voices 
againft 40, and ordered to be lent to the Lords for 
their Concurrence, 

March 2. Some Attempts made for the Duke of 
Tory's Efcape from St. James's being difcovered, his 
Highnefs thought fit, for Fear of ftri&er Confine- 
ment, to write the following Letter to the Houfe 
of Lords : 

To the Earl of MANCHESTER, Speaker of the 
Houfe of LORDS, 

My Lord, 

Underftand there was a Letter of mine inter- A Letter from 
cepted going to my Father, which I confefs * e P uke of r 

r*ii*<- t/ i i icilc, excfiing 

was a Fault j and therefore delire you to let the his Atutnpt to 
Houfe know, that I will engage my Honour and make his Efcape 
Faith, never to engage myfelf any more in fuch g 
Bufinefs. My Requeft is, that I may continue 
where I now am j in doing which you will much 
oblige me, who am, 

Your cffcRionate Friend, 


A Committee of Lords was hereupon appointed Relations of 
to go and take the Duke's Engagement from his 'he Houfe of 

\ K i . r? i i T-I Lords thereupon, 

own Mouth ; and it was this Day ordered^ l hat, 

upon the Duke of York's Letter, the Lords had con- 
defcended to give fa much Credit to the Engage- 
ment and Ingenuity expreited in it, and to the 
Tendernefs of his. Years, as to pafs by all fuch Re* 
folutions as they might juftly have taken upon this 
Occafion ; and to defire the Earl of Northumber- 
land that he would ftill continue under his Care 
the faid Duke and the reft of the fcing's Children, 
which are now under the Protection of the Parlia- 

*fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

ment : Moreover, that the faid Earl fliould be de- 
fired from Time to Time, to difmifs from attending 
on the Duke and the reft of the King's Children? 
all fuch Perfons as he {hall conceive to be any wife 
ill-affe&ed, or likely to promote any ill Defigns to 
the Prejudice of the Parliament. Likewife that all 
Papifts, or fuch other Perfons as have been in 
Arms, or adhered to the King in this War againft 
the Parliament, be reftrained from coming or 
fpeaking to the Duke and the reft, but iu the Pre- 
fence of the Earl of Northumberland ; 2. id that the 
faid Earl fhould take Care that none of hi.r Servants 
fufFer fuch Refoi t ; and if any Perfons mould pre- 
fume to profs in, contrary to thefe Inftrudlions, that 
Intelligence be forthwith fent of it to one or both 
Houfes of Parliament. Hampton-Court was alfo 
ordered to be fitted up for the King's Children. 

The fame Day, March 2, Mr. Natbanael 
Fiennes carried up the Declaration of the Com-* 
mons, in Reply to the Scots CommifTioners Anfwcr 
to the Proportions of Peace, to the Houfe of Lords ; 
who, the next Day, pafled it with fome Altera- 
tions, which they ordered to be fent back to the 
Commons for their Approbation. This Queftion 
was carried almoft unanimoufly, the Earl of Man- 
" cbe/ler only entering his Diflent againft it. 

This Declaration was afterwards ordered, by both 
Houfes to be printed and difperfed in the ufual Man- 
ner, alfo to be tranflated into Latin and French ; 
but is not entered in the Journals of either Houfe : 
We have feen a printed Copy thereof, confifting of 
95 Pages in Quarto ; but feveral Leaves being torn 
out, we (hall endeavour, in fome Meafure, to fup- 
ply the Want of it, by exhibiting the following 
Piece of Mr. Martin's upon the Occafion, which 
jfeems to contain the main Purport of the Parlia- 
ment's Declaration, and runs thus (a] : 


(a] The Anfwer of the Scott Comrmffioners to the Propositions we 
have before given, from the Lords Journals, in our Sixteenth Volume 
p. 437.. >In Mr. Rufo<u>ortb's Co'ltSitHt, Vol. VII. p. io*r, there 
are only three Paragraphs of the Parliament** Declaration. 

of E N G L A N D. 51 

'An. 23 Car. I. 

The Independency of ENGLAND endeavoured to be i fi 47 
maintained again/I the Claim of the SCOTS COM- * . J 


O reftify, not to upbraid you: You have, Mr . Mart ; n ' a 
for divers Years together, been very well Reply to the 

* intreated by us of this Nation, and that from a ^ t e s rs c ^, mir * 

* Willingnefs we ever had, as upon all Occafioiis, tot heEngiUh 
' fo particularly in your Perfons, to manifofl the Propositions of 
' brotherly Refpec~l we bear towards them who fent Peice 

* you: Upon the fame Account many former 

* Boldnefles and Provocations of yours have been 

* winked at by the Parliament, as, I am confident, 

* your laft Anfwer would likewife be, did you not 

* therein feem to have remained here fo long, as to 

* have quite forgotten why you came. 

' You may therefore pleafe to remember, that it 

* was no Part of your firft Bufihefs (whatever fup- 

* plemental Commiffions may have fince been pro- 

* cured for a further Exercife of our Patience fince 

* you came among us) to fettle Religion, nor to 

* make a Peace in England ; fo as all thofe devout- 

* like and amicable Endeavours, for which you 
' think to be thanked, were not only Intrufions 

* into Matters unconcerning you, but fo many Di- 

* verfions from per forming, as you ought, what 

* was properly committed to you. 

' As for our Religion ; fince the Zeal of your 

* Countrymen would needs carry their Care there* 
' of fo far from home, methinks their Divines, now 

* fitting with ours at Wefltmnfter^ might excufe 

* your Trouble in this Particular, or at leaft might 

* teach you, by their Pra&ice, that your Advice 
4 therein to the Parliament is to be but an Advice, 
' and that an humble one. 

* As for the other Particular of Peace j it is true 

* that, about three Years ago, here were Ambaf- 

* fadors from our Neighbours of the Loiu C&un- 

* tries t who, having found the King almoft weary 

* of fighting, made. Ufe of their Privilege, and 

D 2 did 

The Parliamentary H r s T o R * 

' did his Errand inftead of their Matters j which 
c was with big Words to beg a Peace. 

' After that, when the King's Caufe had no- 
' thing left to lean upon, but the Treachery of our 

* falfe Friends and Servants, an AmbaiTador from 

* our Neighbours of France did, en paflant^ make a 

* certain Oveiture of Accord betwixt the Crown 

* and the Head : But your Employment here from 

* our Neighbours of Scotland had fo little Relation 
' to Peace, that your only Work was to join Coun- 

* fels with a Committee of ours, in ordering and 
' difpofing fuch auxiliary Forces as that Kingdom 
' fliould fend into this for carrying on the War. 

1 As to the Delays you charge upon the Parlia-* 
' ment, in that they anfwer your Papers fometimes 
' late, and fometimes not at all, yet require percmp- 
' tory and fpeedy Refolutions from you, as if their 
< Dealings were unequal towards you ; I hope you 

* will give over making fuch Conft.ru6t.ions, when 
' you fhall confider how much more Bufinefs lies 
' upon their Hands than upon yours ; and how 

* much flower Progrefs the fame Affairs muft needs 

* find in paffing both Houfes, than if they were 

* to be difpatched only by four or five Commif- 

* fioners. Were not I confcious to this Truth, 
' and to the abundant Civility they have always 

* {hewn for you in their undelayed reading, prefent 
4 referring, and Defire of complying with, what 

* you fend them, fo far as might confift with their 

* Duty to this Common-wealth, and that they 

* want nothing but Time to fay fo, I fhould never 

* have prefumed to truft fo great a Caufe upon the 
4 Patronage of fo rude a Pen. Neither indeed is it 

* left there, my Defign being to let the World 

* imagine how ftrong a Stream of Juftice runs on 

* our Side, when I dare oppofe the Reafons of my 

* fmgle Bark againft all the Advantages of N umber, 

* Abilities, and Countenance that you can meet 
' me with. 

4 For Order's Sake, I {hall take the Pains to fet 
the Body of your Diicourfc as upright as 1 may 


c (its Prolixity and Perplexity confidered) upon An> 2 ? Car - 
' two Feet. v_J 647 l_/ 

* One is, The Claim you make In Behalf of the March. 
c Kingdom of Scotland, to the Infpeftion of, and 

* Conjitn&'ion in, the Matter of our Laws and the 

* Conditions of our Peace. 

' The other, miftaking the firft for evinced, is, 

* Tour telling us what you think fit, and what unfit^ 
' for us to ejtablijh in our Church and State, and what 

* Way you conceive mojl proper for obtaining of a 

* Peace betwixt the King and us ; together with the 

* Proofs wherewith you feek to fortify your Jeveral 

* Opinions. 

' It would give your firft Foot too much Ground 

* to hold Difpute with you upon the fecond j 
4 therefore, fince a Man may fee by your Forward- 

* nefs in printing and publifhing both thefe and 
.' other your Tranfa&ions with the Houfes, that 
' your Arguments, like the King's in his Meffages, 

* are not framed fo much to fatisfy the Parliament, 
% as to beget in the People a DifTatisfafHon towards 
' the Parliament, I will, Qod enabling me, take a 
' Time apart to undeceive my Countrymen con- 
' cerningboth the King and you, by laying the 

* Hook as open as the Bait in all your Lines ; and, 
6 for the prefent, apply myfelf only to the fliewing 
c you, that when you mail have offered your Coun- 
? fel to the Parliament of England^ (as for ought I 

* know any one Man may do unto another) in Mat- 

* ters concerning this Kingdom only, though the 

* mod wholefome Counfel that ever was or can be 
c given, and the Parliament mall not approve of it, 
' nor have fo much as a Conference upon it, it is 
no more Manners in you than it would be in the 

* fame Number of Spaniards, Indians, or of the 
4 moft remote Region of the Earth, to prefs it again ; 
.* to infift upon it, and to proclaim your Unfatisfac- 

* tion in it. 

* Let us, with your Favour, confider your Pre- 
? tcnces : Ton do not aim, as yourfelves profefs (a), 

D 3 ' 04 

(a] In our Sixteenth Volume, p, 439. 

54 72tf Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23. Cjr.1. < at Jharing in our Rights, Laivs, nor Liberties, bat 

CJL ' * 7 ' , * i a/Zw Matters, viz. yf/> ai <?/f/tfr /' //w'r m;z 

Much. ' Nature, or by Ccmpaft, are common to both King- 

* doms ; which I take the more Notice of, bccauib 
' one would fuppofc you to be grown kinder now 
c than you were the other Day, when you went 

* about .to make us believe, that nothing in our 

* Laws did properly belong to us, but the Form 

* and Manner of Proceeding therein, the Matter 

* of them being held in common with the King- 
' dom of Scotland ; and therefore, and for their Pof- 

* fibility of containing fomethirg prejudicial to that 

* Kingdom, to be revifed by you before they re- 

* ceive their Perfection. 

' But the Truth is, you are flill where you were, 

* only the People's Ears are, by this Time, fo ha- 
' bituated to the Dcctnn.s you frequently fo\v 
' among them ; thofe Doctrines fo improved by 

* your Seminaries, who find their own Intereft in- 
' terwoven with yours, and the Parliament feeming 

* but a Looker-on, that you perfuade yourfelves 

* any Thing will pafs that you ihall fet your Stamp 

* on ; otherwife you would certainly have been 
' afhamed to difavow the butying yourfelves with, 

* our Rights, Laws, and Liberties, and, with the 

* fame Breath, to difpute our Rights, correct our 

* Laws', and infringe our Liberties, 

* Nay, contrary to that moderate Conceffion of 

* yours, you do, in this Anfwer, intrench upon the 

* very Form and Manner of our Bills and Propofi- 

* tions ; and, as if the marfjialling thun, the put- 

* ting them into Rank and File, were to be by your 

* Order, you take upon you to appoint which of our 

* Defires (hall have the Van, and which the Rear, 

* in this Expedition- 

* And (which is the moft pleafant Part of the 
c Story, if it would take, as truly fuch a Thing 

* might have done, when you and we were firft 
' acquainted) though the Parliament of England* 
' as I told you even now, would not order the 
' Motions of the Sects Army that ferved us in our. 

* Coun.ry, and for our Pay, but by Ccnjunctiorv 

of E N G L A N D. 55 

of Councils with Commiflioners of that King- An. 23 Car 
dom; yet you (as you could not forbear meddling 
with our Army when it was in modelling, fo) do in 
this Paper continue the Office you put yourfelves 
into, of difpofmg, diibanding, difmembring, cate- 
chizing, and reviling this Army of ours j .the great- 
eft Bulwark, under God, of our Liberties, and 
which yet had proved ineffe&ual, if your Coun- 
fels had been followed, or your Importunities re- 

' Since then your Way of adviflng us is not in 
a modeft or fubmitting Manner, but as if you 
meant to pin your Advice upon us whether we 
will or no, give me Leave, I pray you, to exa- 
mine qua fiducib j promifing you faithfully for 
my Part, that whenfoever you fliall bring the 
Matters contefted for, within the Rules of your 
own fetting down, that is, either In Nature or 
by Covenant^ or by Treaty ', to be of a mixed Con- 
cernment^ I will either not deny you a joint In- 
tereft in them, or acknowledge myfelf to have 
no more Honour nor Confcience in me, than he 
may be faid to have, who, being mtrufted for his 
Country, gives up their deareft Rights to the next 
Stranger that demands them without fo much as 
arguing the Point. 

* Your Arguments, by my Computation^ arc 
five, and, if I underftand them, fpeak thus : 
ARC. i. ' The fame common Inter -eft upon which 
Scotland was incited and engaged in the War^ 
ought to be continued, (fo I read you, and not im- 
proved^ that being a wild Expreffion, and reaching 
neither you nor I know whither) in making the 

f For Anfwer thereunto : Should I admit it, the 
Word invited put you in Mind that your Coun- 
trymen came not to the War before they were 
called ; keep you the fame Method in accedendu 
ad Conjilium, and we mail ftill be Friends. But 
I cannot fubfcribe to this Pofition, for I believe 
it was a Duty that the People of Scotland did owe 
unto them/elves to give us their Aififbnce in the 
D 4 Jatc 

56 *fke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Ctr. I. < late War, though they had not been invited ; yet 

l647 ' i ' ^ ot ^ '* not fM w fr m thence that when the 

March. * War is ended (as you often fay it is, and yet 

' moft riddins;ly take huge Pains for Peace) they 

' are bound to mingle with us in our Councils, nor 

* help us to fettle our own Kingdom, which we 

* think ourfelves able to fettle well enough without 
c them ; at leaft without their Prejudice to whom 

* a good Peace or a bad, fo as it be a Peace, is the 
< fame Thing. For Inftance, the Law of this 
' Land that gives me Leave to pull down my 
c Neighbour's Houfe when it is on P'ire, in order 

* to the quenching of it for the fecuringof my own, 

* will not authorize me, againft his Will, to fet 

* iny Foot within hisThrefhold, when the Fire is 

* out ; though I make it my Errand to direct him 

* in the rebuilding of his Houfe, and pretend the 

* teaching him fo to contrive his Chimnies as may, 
' in all Probability, prevent, for the future, a like 
' Lofs to him, alike Danger to myfelf. 

ARC. 2. * You demand the fame Conjunftion of 

* Inter efts to be given you, that was had of you. 
6 There I join IfTue with you, and profefs, That 

* if ever the Parliament of England, or any Autho- 

* rity derived therefrom, did offer to put a Finger 

* into the proper Affairs of Scotland^ or into the 

* Government, Civil, Ecclefiaftical, or Military of 

* that Kingdom, and being once required to defift, 

* did, notwithstanding, profecute their Title of 
' advifmg, volentibus nolentibus, I {hall readily, fo far 

* as in me lies, gr^nt you to have a Hand with us in 

* the managing of this Kingdom, and the Govern,-, 

* ment thereof. 

ARC. 3. ' You affirm, Tljat the Covenant enter-^ 

* ed into beiivixt us^ makes you Co-partners with us in 
6 every Thing there mentioned > by which Reckoning, 

* neither this Nation, nor that of Scotland^ ham 
6 any Right, Law, or Liberty which either can 
' properly and diftin&ly call its own, but both In- 

* terefts are jumbled together, and the two King- 
r ' <ioms are not confederate, but incorporated. 

* Concerning 

of E N G L A N D. 57 

Concerning the Covenanr, therefore, which An - ^3 Car. fj 

* myfelf, among others, confidering it firft as well ._/ * 7 ' ^ 

* as I could, have taken, I fhall fhortly give you jn arc h. 

* my Senfe in relation to the Point before us. 

Firft^ ' I do not conceive the Parties to that 

* League intended thereby to beeverlaftingly bound 

* each to other; the Grounds of ftriking it being 

* meerly occasional, for the joining in a War to 

* fupprefs a common Enemy : Accordingly we 
1 did join j the Enemy is, if we be wife, fupprefTed, 

* and the War, as you fay, ended 5 what fhould the 
4 Covenant do, but, like an Almanack of the laft 
c Year, {hew us rather what we have already done, 

* than what we be now to do ? 

' Secondly, ' What would it do, were it renewed 

* and made perpetual ? Thus much it faith in my 
' Opinion, and no more, W^henfoever you fhall be 

* violently hindered in the Exercife of that Reli- 

* gion you had amongft you. at the Time of the 

* Engagement, and fhall require our Afliftance, 
' we rriuft afford it you for the Removal of that 

* Violence. In like Manner, whenfoever we fhali 
' be fo hindered in the Exercife of that Religion 

* which we, according to that Covenant, fhall 

* eftablifh here, upon Requeft to you made for 

* that Effect, you are tied to aflift us: And fo 
* throughout all the other Claufes refpectively and 
' equally ; carrying this along with you, we are 

* hereby obliged to the reciprocal Defence of one 
' another, according to the Declaration of the 

* Party wronged in any of the Particulars there 
c comprifed, without being cavilled at, or fcrupled 

* by the Party invoked ; whether your Religion 

* be the fame it was, or ours the fame it fhould 
' be j "whether the Bounds of your Liberties or ours 

* be not enlarged beyond their then Line ; whether 
6 your Delinquents or ours be juftly fo or no ; for 
' the native Rights of both Peoples being the prin- 

* cipal, if not the only. Thing we looked on when 

* we fwore, we do not keep our Oath in preferving 

* thofe Rights, if we do not allow this Mafter- 
' Right to each fevcral People j namely, to be fole 

* Judges 

58 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Judges within themfelves, what Religion they 
will fet up, what Kind of Laws they will have, 
what Size, what Number of Magiftrates they hold 
fit to execute thofe Laws, and what Offenders to 
be tried by them. Hereupon you know we did 
not enquire at all how othordox your Religion 
was before we vowed to maintain you in it j that 
is, in the quiet profeffing of it, not in the theolo- 
gical Truth of it, a Bufmefs for a Univerfity per- 
haps, not for a Kingdom j being well affured it 
was eftablifhed by them who had all the Authority 
that is vifible to chufe for themfelves, and couhj 
not, without apparent Breach of Order, and In- 
jury to Fundamentals, be difturbed in theExer/? 
cife of what they had fo chofen. 
f So far is the plain Text of this Covenant from 
confounding Interefts, that it clearly fettles and 
confirms them upon the feveral Bafes where it 
found them. And it would not be unworthy of 
you to take heed left this Covenant, upon which 
you feem to fet fo high a Rate, be not as eafily 
violated as flandered, fmce the moft deadly Wars 
have been faid at leaft to begin with Mifunder- 

ARC. 4. c Your mtitling yourfelves to a Conu- 
fance in the Conditions of our Peace, and confe- 
quently in the Matter of our Laws, when they 
relate to an Agreement, as I confefs the four 
Bills do which were fent, .is grounded upon a 
very great Miftake of the eighth Article Jin the 
Treaty ; the Words w hereof are indeed very 
rightly recited by you, and the Article itfelf fo 
rational, fo ordinary, fo neceflary, in all Wars 
joined in by two States, that I do almoft wonder 
as much what Need there was to have inferted it, 
as I dp how it is poffible for you to miftake it. It 
ftands briefly thus ; One of you (for the Purpofe) 
and I (pardon, if you pleafe, the Familiarity of 
the Inftance) have folemnly engaged ourfelves 
each to other for our mutual Aid againft a third, 
Perfon, becaufe we conceived him too ftrong for 
either of us Jingle, of becaufe prig of us doubted 


?/ E N G L A N D. 59 

* he might have drawn the other of us to his Party, An. 23 Car. I. 

* if not pre-engaged againft him; but which foever 

* of us was firft in the Quarrel, or whatever was 

* the Reafon of the other's coming in, we are en- 
4 gaged ; .and, though there were no Writings 

* drawn betwixt us, no Terms expreffed, were not 

* I the verieft Skellum that ever looked Man in the 

* Face, if I fhould (hake Hands with the common 

* Adverfary and leave you fighting ? Againft fuch a 

* Piece of Bafenefs (fuppofing it be like to be in 

* Nature) this Article provides, and fays, That fmce 

* thele two Kingdoms were content to join in a War, 

* which, without God's great Mercy, might have 

* proved fatal to them both, neither of them fliall 

* be fuffered to make its Peace apart ; fo as if the 
' Parliament of Scotland^ upon Confideration of 

* Reafons occuring to themfelves, fhould offer to 
' re-admit the King into that Kingdom (I fay not 

* with Honour, Freedom, and Safety, but) in Peace 

* the Parliament of England might ftep in and forbid 
' the Banns, telling them we are not fatisfied that 

* an Agreement fhould yet be made ; Jimiliter, if 
' this Parliament would come to any Peace with 
him by Bills or Propofitions, or by what other 

* Name foever they call their Plaifters, you may, 

* being fo authorized, in Name of that Kingdom, 
' or the Parliament thereof, intervene and oppofe ; 
telling us that you, who are our Fellow-Surgeons 
' meerely in lancing of the Sore, are not fatisfied 
in the Time for healing of it up : But for you to 
' read a Lecture to us upon our Medicaments and 
' their Ingredients, to take Meafure of Wounds, 

* and to prefer your Meafure before that of our 
own taking, was never dreamt on by the Framers 
*. of this Article. 

' Here it may perhaps be demanded, though not 
< by you, whether (according to my Senfe of the 

* Treaty, tying up both Kingdoms to a Confent 

* in the Fiat, not in the jfWu fuerit, of Peace) 

* if one fhould be obftinately bent to hang off, the 

* other be necefiitated to welter everlaftingly in 

' Blood, 

60 -The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Blood for want of fuch a Concurrence \ I anfwer* 
Yes, for thefe Reafons : 

' Firji) A wife Man will forefee Inconveniences 
before he makes his Bargain, and an honeft Man 
will ftand to his Bargain, notwithftanding all In- 

' Secondly, There will be no great Encourage- 
ment for any Obftinacy of that Kind, when~ it 
{hall be remembered that the Party obftiucting 
the Peace muft continue to join in the War, and 
is liable to ail the Confequences thereof. 
Thirdly^ c There is another and a more natural 
Way to Peace and to the Ending of a War, than 
by Agreement ; namely, by Conqueft. I think 
he that plays out his Set at Tennis till he wins it, 
makes as fure an End of it, and more fair, than 
he that throws up his Racket when he wants but 
a Stroke of up, having no other Way to rook 
thofe of their Money that bet on his Side. If I 
am trufted to follow a Suit in Law for Friends 
concerned therein, together with myfelf, an<J 
daub up a rotten Compromife with my Adverfa- 
ry, my Fellows not confulted, but defiring the 
Suit mould ftill go on, it is not fit they fhould be 
bound thereby; but if I continue to do my Duty, 
and bring the Caufe to a Hearing, to a Verdift 
thereupon, and to Judgment upon that $ fuch an 
End of the Quarrel I hope I may make without 
their Leave ; and, if the Trial went with me ? 
certainly without their Offence. 
* To return to the Nature of Confederacies. Is 
the War wherein we are joined an Invafion from 
without? Any one Man of either Side, if he 
have Strength enough, hath Authority enough to 
end it, by repelling the Invader. Is it a Rebellion 
from within ? It were ftrange to think that any 
Law or Engagement fhould hinder a fingle Maii 
from ending it, if he be able, by fuppreffing of the 
Rebels. The unworthy Friend in the Fable, 
when his Companion and he met a Bear in the 
Wood, might have been allowed to kill her him- 


of N G L A N D. 61 

felf ; but he fhould not have fought his Safety in An - fi 3 Car. 
a Tree, without taking his Friend along with t * * 7 ' 
him. March. 

* One Thing more I (hall add to juftify the Rea- 
fon of this eighth Article, fuch as might, for its 
Clearnefs of being implied, have excufed its be- 
ing lifted among the reft. Never did any People 
that joined in Arms with a Neighbour Nation, 
patch up a Peace apart with more Difhonour to 
itfelf, than either of us fhould do, if we could 
imagine ourfelves to be fo vile ; for the common 
Enemy in this War is not a Stranger unto either 
Kingdom, but the King of both ; fo as which 
foever of the two clofeth with him by itfelf, be- 
fore Confent that there fhall be at all a Clofure, 
doth not only withdraw from the other thofe Aids 
it fhould contribute, but, of a fworn Brother, 
becomes an open Enemy. 

' Here I muft obferve, that as you put an Inter- 
pretation upon this Article which it will not 
bear, and, from the Power you have thereby of 
hindering us from agreeing with the King at all, 
would enable yourfelves to pry into the Particulars / 
of our Agreement ; fo you do not once glance 
at the Point which was the true genuine Scope of 
the Article : You do not proteft againft our 
making Peace with this Man, and give fuch Rea- 
fons as Jehu did upon a lefs Occafion. You do 
not wonder what Confidence we can repofe in 
him, after all this Experience of him, and before 
fo much as a Promife of any Amendment from 
him : You do not warn us, by the Example of 
your Countrymen, what a broken Reed we fhall 
lean upon when we make a Pacification with 
him : You do not remember us with what 
Horror the Aflembly of your Church did look 
upon his Mifdoings ; nor what Senfe both King- 
doms had (notof a Reconcilement with him, but) 
of fuffering him to corne near the Parliament of 
England, until Satisfaction were given for the 
Blood- which he had then caufed to be fhed in 
thf three Kingdoms ; In fine ; you do not fay, 


62 The Parliamentary H I s T o R v 

for you need not give us your Reafons, that you 
will make no Peace with the King, therefore we 
ought not ; but you do as bad as fay that you have 
made your Peace already, and that not only with- 
out our Confent, (in defpite of the Article which 
you urge againft us) but without our Privity ; 
that you are come to a Degree beyond being 
Friends with him, to be Advocates for him ; not 
in meditating that his Submiflion might be accept- 
ed, his Crimes obliterated, and their Salary remit- 
ted, but in aflerting the fame Caufe which we 
have been all this while confuting with our 
Swords ; the fame Caufe which, what Englijhman 
or Scotfman foever (hall endeavour to maintain rrt 
Arms is a declared Traitor to his Country ; and 
if by his Tongue or Pen, in that Kingdom of the 
two where he is no Native, a manifeft Incendiaryv 
But there will be Time enough to do your Er- 
rand into Scotland^ after I have proved England to 
be a Noun Subftantive; againft which you have 
the Shadow of one Argument left ftill. 
' ARC. 5. The Strength of your laft Reafon is 
this, Our Parliament hath formerly communicated 
unto you the Matter of their Propsfetions and of their 
Bills in order to Peace^ and generally^ indeed, what- 
ever hath pajjed betwixt the King and ' us fmce the' 
Conjunction of the two Kingdoms againft Inmz 
Thereupon you have offered us your Advice con- 
cerning the Particulars fo communicated, and we 
have reconfidered them upon your Ad vice; fome-- 
times complying therewith, other Times making 
it appear to you why we could not. You fay y 
That Communication of Councils we would never have 
, if we had not bten bound to it, which if -we 

ever were* we /till are. 
' Cuftom and epnftant Ufage, I acknowledge, 
doth commonly obtain the Name of Law j but 
the late P a6Hce of fome four or five Years hath 
not an Afp^6t reverend enough to deferve the 
Name of Luftom. It is as old, you will fay, as 
ah Ufage can be that is grounded upon a Trea- 
ty of the iiitiii; Age, and ihall be iuffiuent to lig- 


nify how the Parties to the Treaty did under- 
ftand their own Meaning. I fliould not deny this 
Pretence of yours to be more than colourable, March, 
if you could prove that our Tranfaclions with 
the King were imparted to you in relation to that 
Engagement ; nay, if I could not fhew you upon 
what other Ground we did, and that we could 
not reafonably be imagined to do it upon that. 
Firfty c To prove what the Parliament had in 
their Intentions, when they advifed with you, I 
believe you will not undertake ; efpecially this 
being the firft Time, to my Remembrance, that 
this Point came in queftion betwixt us. I fhalt 
therefore endeavour to tell you, as near as I can, 
having been an attentive Witnefs to moft of their 
Debates upon that Subject:, what it was that 
moved them to give your Challenge fo much Pro- 
bability of Advantage as this amounts unto; You 
a/k that now without being aujweredy which you 
were not to have without asking. You were fo, 
and that from thefe two Roots j one was the 
extraordinary Care the Parliament had to omit 
no Act, no Circumftance of Civility towards 
you, which might exprefs or preferve the Amity 
and Correfpondence betwixt them and your 
Mafters, though they were not ignorant what 
extreme Prejudice courteous and good-natured 
Men have often drawn upon themfelves in their 
dealing with Perfons of a contrary Difpofition. 
Another was, fince both Kingdoms have been 
embarked in the fame Caufe, as Men of 
War, and were afterwards refolved to trade for 
Peace ; fince the Commodities of both were to 
be flowed in the fame Bottom, and bound for the 
fame Port ; we thought it but an ordinary Piece 
of Friendfhip for us, who could make no Mar- 
kets when we fhould be arrived without your 
Allowance, to open and let you fee, before we 
launched, our feveral Parcels and Inftructions 
concerning what we would export and what bring 
homo ; not that we meant to confult you what 
5 ! Kind 

64 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Kind of Merchandize you thought fitted for us 
to deal in, (which, queftionlefs, is better known, 
at the Exchange than at Edinburgh} nor to follow 
fuch Advice therein, as you fhould give us with- 
out afking, any farther than we liked it ; and fo 
far the beft Merchant in London is content to be 
ruled by the Swabber of his Ship; but merely to the 
End you might, if you pleafed, from our Exam- 
ple, arid from your Approbation of the Wares we 
were refolved to deal in, furnifh that Kingdom, 
whofe Factors you were, with Merchandize of the 
fame Kind ; and for Evidence that the Freedom 
we ufed towards you was no otherwife underftood 
by you, you did actually underwrite divers of our 
Bills of Lading, in thefe Syllables, Tfo like for 
the Kingdom #/" Scotland. 

6 It remains to be {hewed how little Reafon there 
is you fhould fancy to yourfelves fuch a Ground 
of the Parliament's former Opennefs to you, as . 
you ftrive to father upon them ; for, firft, If they 
had communicated their Propopofitions to you, 
as conceiving the \Vord Agreement in the eighth 
Article to comprehend all the Preparations to, 
Materials of, and Circumftances in, an Agreement, 
they would not have adhered, as many Times they 
did, unto their own Refolutions, notwkhftanding 
your reiterated DifTatisfaclion. 
* Again : If they had conceived themfelves bound 
to any fuch Thing by this Article, would they 
not have thought the Kingdom of Scotland as- 
much bound for their Parts ? Should we not 
have been as diligent Infpeftors and Caftigators 
of your Propofidons as you have made yourfelves 
of ours ? 

* When you (hall afk me, (fetting the Point of 
Duty afide, and granting all that hath been done 
by us in this Kind to have been voluntary) Why 
we do not obferve the fame Forwardnefs in com- 
municating our Matters to you, the fame Pa- 
tience in expecting your Concurrence with us, 
and the fame Eafmefs of admitting your Ha- 
rangues and Difputations amongft us, which you 

* have 

of E N G L A N D. 65 

have heretofore tafted at our Hands, and how we An * ^ Car * ' 
are become lefs friendly than we were? I have this t ' 47 ' t 
to fay, There is fomc Alteration in the Condition jMarch. 
of Affairs : So long as we needed the Afliftance 
of your Countrymen in the Field, we might have 
Occalion to give you Meetings at Derby- Honfe^ 
and now and then in the Painted-Chamber ^ it be- 
ino; likely that the Kingdom of Scotland might 
then have a Fellow-feeling with .us for the 
Wholefomenefs or Pernicioufnefs of your Coun- 
fels ; whereas now fince we are able, by God's 
Blefling;, to protect ourfclves, we may furely, with 
his holy Direction, be fufHcient to teach ourfelves 
how to go about our own Bufmefs, at leaft with- 
out your tutoring, who h tve nothing in your 
Consideration to look upon, but either your par- 
ticular Advantage, or that of the Kingdom whence 
you are. And as there is fome Alteration in Af- 
fairs, fo there is very much in Perfans, I mean 
in yourfelves, unlefs, being indeed the fame at 
firfr. which now we find you, you only wanted an 
Opportunity to appear ; but, whether you be 
changed or difcovered, what Englijhrnan foever (hall 
perufe the Papers that you have {hot into both 
Houfes of Parliament, efpecially into the Houfe 
of Commons, thefe two laft Years, but would as 
lieve take Advice from the King as from you? 
And if a Stranger (hould read them, he would 
little fufpecl the Writers for Friends or Coun- 
fellors, 'but for Pleaders, for Expoftulators, for 
Seekers of a Quarrel ; and that (which is the 
moft bitter Weed in the Pot) in the Behalf, not 
fo much of them who did enploy you, as of him 
againft whom you were employed, and againft 
whom, if you were Scoiftnen^ Nature would teach 
you to employ yourfelves. 

* By this Time I hope you fee we have greater 
Caufe to repent th:rt we have kept fuch Thorns 
thus long in our Sides, than to return with the 
Dug to the fame Vomit, and with the lazy Sow, 
fcarce cleanfed of her former Wallowing, to be- 
mire ourfelves a^ain. I be (low a little the more 


66 *ft>c Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3 Car. I. Ink upon this Point, becaufe I would prevent 

t l647 ' , ' like Claim hereafter, and have it left to the Li. 

MarcL. * berty of this Nation, next Time they (hall be in- 

* vaded or opprefTed, though they did once call in 
' their Brethren of Scotland to their Aid, whether 

* they will do fo any more or no. 

1 Having gone through your five Arguments, at 
c the End of your dozen Commandments, (fo I call 
' Defires that mult not be flighted on Pain of in- 

* curring the Guilt of violating Engagements, and 
' of fuch Dangers as may enfure thereupon) I ob- 

* ferve one Engine you ufe, whereon you lay more 
' Weight than upon all you fay befide ; it begins 
' with a Flourifh of Oratory, befpeaking a fair 

* Interpretation of your Meaning, though your 
' Motion be to take the Right Eye out of every one 

* of our Heads ; then you think to make your De- 

* fires legitimate with fathering them upon a King- 

* dom and put us in Mind how well that King- 
' dom hath deferved to reign over this : For to the 
1 offering of Defires, as Defires, there needs no 

* Merit, fure ; but fince your Opinion (that the 

* Advantages of Honour lie all on that Side, and that 

* Obligations of this Sort have not been as recipro- 

* cal between both Nations, as thofe of Leagues 
' and Treaties) will force my Pen upon this Sub- 
' jedl:, I fhall let you know that fomewhat may be. 

* faid, when Modefty gives Leave on this Side too ; 
4 and yet all the Kindnefles we have received from 

* Scotland (hall, by my Confent, not only be paid 
c for, but acknowledged ; and I can be content to 
*. believe that our Neighbours did not know how 

* ill we were, till we were almoft paft Cure, and 

* therefore came flowly to us : That they did not 

* know how well we were in a Year after we had 
' nothing for them to do, and therefore went flowly 

* from us. Only I would have it confeffed, that 
' the Fire we talk of was of your Countrymen's 
' kindling ; began to burn at your Houfc, to be 

f ' quenched at ours, and by our Hands. 



c But admit this Nation had been merely paffive An - J ? c 

in this War, and did owe their Deliverance out ^ 

of the King's Talons wholly to the Scots Nation j Much. 

if the Refcuer become a Raviflier, if they have 

protected their own Prey, they have merited only 

from themfelves, and have their Reward in their 

Hands. What have we gotten by the Bargain ? 

What have we faved ? What have we not loft ? 

For if once you come to fetch away my Liberty 

from met I {hall not afk you what othesJ Thing 

you will leave me ; and the Liberty of a People, 

governed by Laws, confifts in living under fuch 

Laws as themfelves, or thofe whom they depute 

for that Purpofe, (hall make Choice of. To give 

out Orders is the Part of a Commartderj to give 

Laws, of a Conqueror ; although our Norman 

did not think fit fo to exercife his Right of Con- 

queft : Nay, our Condition would be lower and 

more contemptible, if we (hould fuffer you to 

have your Will of us in this Particular, than if 

we had let the King have his : For, 

/Vr/?, c A King is but one Mafter, and there-- 
fore likely to fit lighter upon our Shoulders than 
a whole Kingdom ; and if he {hould grow fo 
heavy as cannot well be borne, he may be fooner 
gotten off than they. You fhall fee a Monfieur'a 
Horfe go very proudly under a fmgle Man, but 
to be charge en Croupe, is that which Nature 
made a Mule for, if Nature made a Mule at all. 

Secondly^ ' The King never pretended to the 
framing and impofing of Laws upon us as you 
do ; he would have been content with fuch a ne- 
gative Voice therein, as we allow you in the 
making of our Peace with him. Did we fight, 
rather than afford him to much, though feeming- 
ly derived unto him from his PredecefTors ; and 
(hall we tamely give you more ? give you 
that which your Anceftors nev-er yet durft afk of 
ours ? 

Thirdly, * It had been far more tolerable for the 

* King, than for any foreign Nation, to have a 

E 2 * Share 


An. 15 Cir. I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Share in the making of our Laws, becaufe he was 
, likely to partake, and that largely, in the Benefit 
of them, if good; in the Inconveniences, if bad ; 
which Strangers are not : Nay, contrarily, it 
is Matter of Envy and Jealoufy, betwixt Neigh- 
bours to fee each other in a flourifhing Eftate : So 
as the proper End of Laws being to advance the 
People for whom they are made, in Wealth and 
Strength, to the uttermoft, they are the moft in- 
competent Judges of thofe Laws in the World 

* whofe Intereft it is to hinder that People from 
4 growing extremely rich or flrong. 

* But what hath been already faid, and by a 

* Word or two of Clofe, it will, I hope, appear, 
' that the Claim you make to the voting with us 
' in the Matter of our Laws and the Conditions of 

* our Peace, as a Thing whereunto we ihould be 

* obliged by Agreement, is, 

I. * Miftaken in Matter of Far; there being 
no fuch Engagement on either Side. 

2.. ' Unreafonable ; for the Confiderationas bove- 
' mentioned, and for being deftrutive to the very 
' Principles of Property. 

3. * Unequal (notwithstanding the Reciproca- 

* tion) more than Cyrus's Childifh Judgment was, 
' in making the little Boy change Coats with the 
' great one, becaufe his was long and the other's 
' fhort ; for our Coats are not only longer than 

* yours, but as fit for us that do wear them, as for 
' you that would. 

4. * Unufual ; there being no Precedent for it 
** that I could ever read or hear of; and yet there 
have been Leagues betwixt States of a Uriclcr 

* Union than this betwixt us, as offeniive and de- 
' fenfive, ours only defenfive. 

5. ' Unfafe ; for the keeping up of Hedges, 

* Boundaries, and Diilin&ions, (I mean real and 
' jurifdictive ones, not perfonal and titulary) is a 

* furer Way to preferve Peace among Neighbours, 
than the throwing all open. And if every Man 
' be not admitted wife enough to do his ownBuf;- 
' nefs, whoever hath the longeft Sword will quick- 


]y V 


>e the wifeft Man, and difmherit all 
hbours for Fools. 

6. c Impoffible to be made Good to you, if it Mareh< 
4 had been agreed; for the Parliament itfelf, from 
4 whom you claim, hath not, in my humble Opi- 
4 nion, Authority enough to erect another Autho- 

* rity equal to itfelf. 

* As for your Exhortations to Piety and Loyalty, 
' wherewith you conclude: When you have a Mind 
4 to offer Sacrifice to your God, and Tribute to 

* your Emperor, (fince the one will not be mocked, 
4 and the other fhould not) you may do well to do 

* it of your own ; and to remember that the late 
1 unnatural War, with all the Calamities that have 

* enfued thereon, took its Rife from unnatural En- 
4 croachments upon the feveral Rights and Liber- 
4 ties of two Nations, refolved, it feems, to hold 
4 their own with the Hazard of a War, and all the 

* Calamities that can enfue thereon.' 


March 8. More Letters and Papers came from 
the Earl of Nottingham and the other Englljh Com- 
miflioners in Scotland j which were as follows : 

To ths Right Hon. E D W A P D Earl of M A N- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

Edinburgh^ Feb. 19, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 

SINCE my laft tovour Lordfliip, theCommittee .. 
c tr/i L jj n More Lettm 

or Eitates here did appoint a Committee to f rnm t heE n gli& 

hear us, and to receive fuch Papers as we (hould Comnriflioners 
deliver them ; whereupon we met Yefterday ; and rc u fldi h " g "^J* 
delivered to them the Papers, whereof the in- d S n iiu,ftruc-' 
clofed are Copies. We fhall attend upon their tionstothcm 
Anfwers, and, as there fhall be Occalion, you fr '^ tht Padu " 
fhall have a further Account from, 

Tour Lord/hips mo ft faithful 
and humble Servant^ 



7%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

A CpPY of the ORDER of the Committee of Ejlates 
of Scotland. 

Edinburgh^ Feb. 23, 1647. 

TH E Committee of Eftates give Commif- 
fion to the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of 
Lauderdale, the Earl of Lanerk, the Lord Lee, Sir 
Charles Erskine^ Archibald Sydeferf, and Hugh Ken- 
nedy, or any four of them, there being one of 
each Eftate, to hear the Commifiioners of both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England, and to re- 
ceive any Papers from them, and to report the 
farne to the Committee.' 


COPY of a SECOND PAPER, delivered by the Com-. 
mijjicners of England, concerning the Prefervation 
efthe Union. 

Edinburgh, Feb. 28, 164.7. 

XTI7HEREAS your Lordfhips are now ap- 
* * pointed by the Right Honourable the Com- 
mittee of Eftates to receive our AddrefTes to 
them, we the Commiffioners of the Parliament 
of England, according to our Paper of the ifth, 
and our Letter to the Lord Chancellor of thq 
twenty-fecond, of this prefent February^ do again, 
exprefs and declare unto your Lordftiips, in the 
Name of both Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 
land^ their unfeigned Defire to preferve and 
maintain a good Correfpondency and perpetual 
brotherly Agreement betwixt the Parliament and 
Kingdom of England and the Parliament and 
Kingdom of Scotland ; and now again we de- 
fire, that the Right Honourable the Committee of 
Eftates would not entertain any Mifapprehei.- 
fions of the Proceedings of the Parliament of 
England; or, if there be any fuch, that they 
would be pleafed to make them known to us who 
are commanded to declare unto the Parliament, 
Convention, and Committee of Eftates of this 
Kingdom the Sincerity of the Intentions of both 

* Hufe 


Houfes of the Parliament of England* to remove An. 23 Car. i. 
whatever of that Kind may have arifen in, or been . * * 7 ' 
made upon, their Brethren of Scotland ; and they March, 
are refolved to do whatever is juft and honourable 
fqr the Satisfaction 'of this Kingdom. 

By Command of the Commijftoners of the Parlia- 
ment of England, 


COPY of ths PAPER concerning tie Payment of the 
100,000 1. due to the Kingdom of Scotland. 

Edinburgh, Feb. 28, 164!. 

XTT E the Commiflioners of the Parliament of 
* England are commanded by them to make 
known unto the Right Honourable the Commit- 
tee of Eftates, Convention of Eftatcs, or Parlia- 
ment of the Kingdom of Scotland^ that they have 
taken into ferious Confideration the Payment or" 
the ioo,ooo/. which was due unto our Brethren 
of Scotland about the third of this Inftant February, 
and however they could not get the Money ready 
at that Pay, yet they have tal;en fuch a Courfe 
as will be effectual to bringin fpeedily what Money 
is not already brought in, Copies of which Refo- 
lutions we do, for better Satisfaction, herewith 
deliver to your Lordfhips ; and for iuch Part oi' 
the faid Sum as was not paid at the a fare fa id 
Time, both houfes will allow after the Rate of 8/. 
per Cent, per Annum* for Forbearance, for fo much 
as {hall be behind, until the whole be paid, which 
we are confident will be very fpeedily. 

By Command of the Commijjioncrs of the Parlia- 
ment of En gland. 


Next follow Copies of the Orders of both' 
Houfes relating to the Arrears due to the Scots ; 
but thefe are already given in our iixtcenth Volurru-, 


Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 


An. 1 3 Car. I. Copy of a PAPER concerning the Scots Army 
t l6 * 7 ' Ireland. 


Edinburgh., Feb. 28, 1 64^. 
E the Comrr.ifiioners of the Parliament of 
England have it in Charge to make known 
unto the Right Honourable the Parliament, Con- 
vention, or Committee of Eftates of the Kingdom 
of Scotland, that however the great Troubles, 
wherewith it hath pleafed God to exercife the 
Kingdom of England, and their great Neceflities 
and Occasions for Money incident thereunto, 
have hitherto difenabled them to make thofe Pro- 
vifions for the Scots Army in Ireland that they in- 
tended and defired, yet they are fully refolved to 
give them all the Satisfaction that lies in their 
Power ; and therefore we are commanded, in the 
Name of both Houfes, to offer unto the Parlia- 
ment, Convention, or Committee of Eftates of 
the Kingdom of Scotland, that both Houfes of the 
Patliament of England will, if it be d2f;red, fend 
Commiffioners into Uljler, in the Kinjdom of 
Ireland, to (rate the Accounts of the laid Army ; 
or, if yourLordfhips (hali rather defire to agree by 
Way of a general Eftimate of the whole, they 
will confent to that Way ; and when the Sum 
{hall be mutually agreed on, both Houfes of the 
Parliament of England will endeavour, to the ut- 
moft of their Power and Ability, to to give that 
Army all juft Siti^fa&ion. 

By Cwunand of the CcmmiJJlon'n of the Par-- 
liament of England. 


The fame Day, March 8, a Petition from the 
Earls of Lincoln, Suffolk, and M-iddlefex ; the Lords 
Berkeley, Hun/don, and Maynard, was prefented to 
the Houfe of Lords, fetiing forth, * Tnat, by un 
Order of the ilth of February, Cour.fcl had been 
afiigne 1 th.-m, and a fhort Day appointed for them 
to uifvver an Impeachment brought up againft 
them by the Houfe Commons, who had taken 
ibmc Months to prepare it ; and that that Day had 

^/ENGLAND. 73 

been enlarged unto the 8th of this Month ; but that An. 13 Car. 1. 
three of their Counfel, viz. Mr. Hale, Mr. Prynne, ,. l647 ' * 
and Mr. Newdigate, a few Days after fuch Affign- ^^^ * 
ment, had fet out on fevera) Circuits ; and the reft 
of the Counfel in Town dcfiring the joint Advice 
of the others in a Cafe of fo great Confequence, 
they were thereby deprived of the Benefit of the 
Alignment made them ; and therefore prayed 
their Lordftiips that the Time for putting in their 
Anfwer might be enlarged till fome convenient 
Time after the faid Gounfel's Return.' 

After reading this Petition the Houfe of Lords 
ordered, that the above Peers fhould be allowed till 
the I2th of April to put in their Anfwers to their 
refpe&ive Charges. 

About this Time both Houfes pafied an Ordi- 
nance for fettling 25GO/. a Year out of the Earl of 
IVorce/leSs Eitate, on Lieutenant-General Crom- 
well: They alfo appointed Henry Earl of Kent, 
William Lord Grey of ffarke, Sir Thomas Widdring- 
ton, and Bul/lrode If^hitlocke, Efq; Commiifioners 
of the Great Seal of England', and agreed to the 
following additional Inftru&ions to be fent to their 
CommilBoners refiding at Edinburgh (a] : 

\7 O U, or any two of you, are to reprefent 
unto the Parliament of Scotland, the Con- 
vention or Committee of Eftates, or Committees, 
or other Perfons, whom they (hall appoint to 
debate with you, That when the Commiflioners 
had had a Conference, in the Painted-Chamber, 
v ith a Committee of both Houfes, concerning 
the Intereft of the Kingdom of Scotland, in the 
difpofmg of the Perfon of the King, in England ; 
and had protefted againft any Report to be made 
thereof unto the Houfes, from the faid Commit- 
tee, umii they fhould fend the fame in Writing ; 
they did, in the mean Time, caufe the fame to 
be printed : And when it was discovered and the 
Printer queflioned, he piodueed a Warrant for 

(a] See cur Fifteenth Vo ume, p. 100. '/'? 

74 *$* Parliamentary H i s T o R v 

An. 23 Car. I. < the fame under the Hand of the Lord-Chancellor 

l647 ' i ' of Scotland: And, when that was fuppreiled, they 

Mmfa. "* ' a a ' n cau ^d it to be printed, bearing in the Title, 

* That it was printed at Edinburgh ; when (be- 
' fides that it was publifhed wet from the Prefs) 
' there was not Tune, by a continual Poll, to have 

* fent it to Edinburgh, and bring it back : And, to- 

* gether wit"h thofe Papers, was printed a Speech of 

* the Lord-Chancellor's, made to the King at 

* Newcajile \ wherein he declares a Diflike of the 

* faid Proportions, although the. fame were before 
' agreed upon by both Kingdoms: And they have, 

* from Time to Time, printed here fuch of their 

* Tranfadtions with the Houfcs as they pleafed, 
' without confulting the Houfes therein, to the 

* Prejudice of the Porliament, and misleading the 
' People from the In : tereft of this Kingdom : And 
4 when the Houfe of Commons had madeAnfwer 

* to thofe Papers, and had ordered the fame to be 
' fent to the faid Commiflioners, with a Letter from 

* their Speaker ; the which he accordingly did, by 
' Mr. Cole his Servant; they refufed to accept it ; 
' but returned it in another Cover, by the fame 

* MefTenger ; notwithftanding they had formerly 

* received Letters, upon other Occafions, from the 

* Speaker of the Houfe of Commons alone, and 
' had returned Anfwers unto them. 

' You, or any two of you, fhall' alfo inform the 
' Parliament of Scotland^ the Convention or Com- 
' mittee of Eftates, or any other Committee, or 

* Perfons, as abovefaid, That the faid Commif- 
' fioners have, from Time to Time, made Appli- 
' cation to the City of London, in their Ccmmoi^ 
4 Council, without the Leave of the Houfes cfPar- 
' liament then iitting, as if the faid City had been 

* a free State : That when the Parliament, out of 
f their great Defire to fettle an happy Peace, had, 

* prepared Proportions to be lent to the Kig ; and 

* had divers Times fent to the faidComrniflioners of 
< Scotland, that if they had any Thing to be fent on 
' the Part of the Kingdom of Scot land y that they 
4 might be fent, together with the Propolitions ; and 

* had 

of E N G L A N D. 

had put four of the fajd Proportions into Bills, tojAn. 
be pafled by the King, as a Security to tne King- t 
dom, while they treated with him upon the reft; 
the faid Commiflioners did fend to the Houfcs, 
and after publim in Print, a Declaration againft 
thofe Propofitions ; and alfo protefted againft thofe 
Bills ; thereby affuming and exercifing a nega- 
tive Voice againft the legiflative Power of this 

' All which Mifcarriages are againft the Law of 
Nations, and a juft Forfeiture of all Right and. 
Privileges of public Perfpns and Minifters ; of 
which the Parliament was, and is, deeply fenfible ; 
though, out of their great Defue to avoid all Oc- 
cafion of Mifunderftanding, and to continue the 
brotherly ynion of both Kingdoms, they have 
with Patience borne and fufFered the Continuance 
of their Commiflioners here, till themfelves took 

March 1 3. This Day more Letters and Papers 
came to the' Houfe of Loifds from their Commif- 
fioners in Scotland. 

For the Right Hon. EDWARD Earl ^MANCHES- 
TER, fyeakcr of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tern- 

Edinburgh, March 7, 164*. 
May it plea/f your Lord/hip, 

1^ H E Parliament of Scotland did meet on 
Thurfday laft the 2d of this Month. Theyt 
have ever hnce, as we hear, been upon the quef- 
tioned Elections of their Members ; yet we did, 
upon Saturday laft, write a Letter to the Prefident, 
whereof the inclofed is a Copy ; but we do not 
hear of any Refolution taken upon it. 
' My Lord, we hold it our Duty to acquaint 
your Lordfhip, that the Liberty which is taken 
to print the Diurnals of all Things that pafs con- 
cerning our Tranfactions here, is a Prejudice to 
your Service. Our Inftruftions were in a printed 
Diurnal in Edinburgh the Day before Mr. Ajhurjl 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. j 3 Car. I. and Colonel Birch came hither ; and fince that, 

^___ 47 ' , efpecially this laft Week, there have been very 

March. grofs Miftakes, as written from us, which tend to 

our Difllonour ; and if what we (hall fend to you, 

or your Commands to us, fhould thus be mads 

public every Week, it may be very much to your 


* There is likewife another Thing wherewith 
we hold ourfelves obliged to acquaint your Lord- 
fhips : We hear of many great Englijh Delin- 
quents that do refort to this Kingdom, and great 
Numbers of Soldiers. We are informed that 
about 200 Horfe came into Scotland by the Way 
of Carlijle, with their Arms and Colours ; which 
gave not only the Country, but, as we hear, the 
Army alfo, a very great Alarm. They give out 
that they are of thofe that were diibanded at Wor- 
cejler^ but fuppofed to be of the King's Party. 
' My Lord, we (hall not take upon us to pre- 
fcribe what is to be done in thefe Cafes ; we leave 
that to your Wifdoms, and whatfoever your 
Lordfhips fhall refolve and command, fhali be 
carefully obferved by, 

My Lord, 

Your Lordjhip's moft faithful 
and humble Servants, 


The LETTER inclofed in the foregoing. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of LOUDON, Lord 
High Chancellor of Scotland, and Prtjident of the 

Edinburgh, March 4, 164.7. 
My Lord.. 

* \\7 E have already made known unto the 

* * Right Honourable the Committee of the 

* Eftates of this Kingdom, that we were fent by 

* both Houfts of tht Parliament of England unto 

* the 


the Parliament, Convention or Committee of An - 2 3 c * r - 

Eftates of this Kingdom of Scotland^ to continue t ' * 7 ' 

and preferve a good Correfpondence arid brother- Match. 

ly Agreement betwixt both Kingdoms ; in order 

whereunto we have already given the Committee 

of Eftates our Letters of Credence, and feveral 

other Letters and Papers ; which if they be regu- 

larly laid, according to your Form of Proceedings, 

before the Right Honourable the Parliament of 

Scotland^now fitting, we {hall wait for their Re- 

folutions thereupon ; but if they be not, we de- 

fire your Lordfhip to move the Parliament that 

they would be pleafed to direct the Way of our 

Addrefles to them, wherein you will do a Favour 


My Lord, 

Tour Lordftnp's bumble 



In Confequence of this Letter the Parliament of 
Scotland defired the Lord Chancellor to acquaint the 
Engtifb Commiflioners, that they had appointed 
fome of every Eftate to be a Committee for taking 
their Papers and Miifives into Confideration, and 
to whom they were to make their Addrefles. 

March 15. The Parliament, on the Receipt of 
the foreging Papers from their Commiflioners in 
Scotland, ordered fome frefh Inftruclions to be drawn 
up and fent to them to at by ; a Copy of which 
followeth in bac Verba : 

I N s T R. u C T I o N S for the Comniijjioners from the 
Parliament of England, refuting with tbe Parlia- 
ment af Scotland. 

J. * Vf O U are to make known to the.Parlia- 

' * ment of Scotland^ the Convention, or 

' Committee of Eftates, or any other Committee 

* that fhail be appointed to cL-bate with you, what 

* the 

be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *3 Car.t. * the Houfes of Parliament know concerning the 

L _ l6 * 7 ' t c Troop of Horfe of Capt. IVogan, and the Manner 

March. c an ^ Pretences of their Paflane into Scotland', the 

* State of which Bufmefs, as far as the Houfes are 
c informed thereof, is exprefled in a Letter from 

* the General to the Committee at Derby-Houfe 
1 concerning the fame; of which .you have here- 

* with a Copy. 

II. * You are to afliire the Parliament of Scotland, 

* Convention, or Committee of Eftates, or any 
* ether Committee as above-faid, that the March 
1 of the faid Troop of Capt. Wogan, in a military 

* Pofture or otherwife, out of this Kingdom into 
' Scotland, or any other Forces, if any fuch Thing 

* be, is altogether without the Allowance, Order, 

* or Privity of the Parliament of England; and 
4 therefore you are, in the Name of both Houfes of 
' the Parliament of England, to demand of the Par- 
4 liament of Scotland, that the faid Capt. Wogan and 
' his Officers, that are Englijkmen, and alfo the 

* Englijh Officers of any other Forces that may be 
4 paft over out of this Kingdom into Scotland, as alfo 

* fuch Officers and Rcformadoes now in Scotland, 
* as you (hall find to have any Time ferved the 

* King againft the Parliament, may be all forth - 

* with apprehended, fecured, and delivered over to 

* you, to be fent Prifoners into England j and that 
* all the private Soldiers may be difmounted, dif- 

* perfed, and fent home ; and the Horfe and Arms 

* of the faid Capt. Wogan, and the Officers and 

* Soldiers aforefaid, you lhall caufe to be fent into 

* England for the Service of the Parliament. 

III. * You are to take Care that the faid Perfons, 

* bein? fecured, may be fent by Sea into England; 

* and, for that Purpofe, you are to hire a Ship there 

* and (end them thence to Newcaftle by Sea. 

IV. ' You are to make the like Demands of any 

* other Perfons, Horfes, and Arms of any other 
4 Forces that (hall, at any Time, come into &<>/- 

* land in a military Pofture, during the Time of 

* your Employment there. 

4 ^ 

of E N G L A N D, 79 

Afc. *3 Car, L 

A LETTER from both Hotifes to their Commijjioners l6 47* ^ 
In Scotland, fent with the foregoing Injlruflions. March 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

T"* H E Houfes of Parliament having received 
Information concerning a Troop of Horfe 
under the Command of one Capt. Wogan y and 
fome other difcontented and difaffe&ed Perfons, 
who, in a military Pofture, with Officers and Co- 
lours, have lately marched out of this Kingdom 
into Scotland, have commanded us to acquaint 
you with fo much as they are informed concern- 
ing that Bufmefs, and to fend you fome Inftruc- 
tions for proceeding about the fame. The State 
of the Bufmefs concerning Capt. Wogarfs Troop, 
with the Manner and Pretexts of his pafling into 
Scotland, you will underftaralby a Letter fiom the 
General about it, whereof we here fend you a 
Copy ; for any other Forces that may be gone 
into Scotland, we do not yet underftand in particu- 
lar what they are ; but whatever they be, you will 
fee, by the Inftruftions herewith fent, how you arc 
to proceed concerning them. Of your Proceeding; 
whereupon, as alfo what Anfwer you receive from 
the Parliament of Scotland or their Commiflioners 
therein, you are to return a fpeedy Account.' 

Tour affetttcnate Friends and Servants, 
Speaker of the Houfe of 


Speaker of the Houfe of 

The GENERAL'S LETTER above referred to* 

t) March n, 264^. 

A'ly Lords and Gentlemen, 

THERE is one Capt. Wogan, heretofore in 
the Parliament's Service under my Com- 
mand, who, fix Months ago, by Order from the 

* Parliament, 

8o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Parliament, received three Months Arrears for 
himfelf and his Troop, in order to their difband- 
ing ; but afterwards, (the Houfes defigninj at 
that Time Come Forces to be fent over into Ire- 
land) upon his earned Importunity, he had per- 
miffion from me to keep together fuch of his Men 
as he had left undifperfed,and to lift a full Troop, 
in order to that Service ; upon which Permiflion, 
in Expectation of Employment that Way, he and 
his Men have ever fince taken free Quarter upon 
the Country in Worcejlerjhire, and thereabouts, 
and have lifted many new Men, of which divers 
(as is credibly informed) are Reformadoes that 
have ferved the Kins;; and fo increafed his Troop 
to the Number of one hundred or more of uifor- 
derly Perfons, who have much abufcd and op- 
preifed the Country ; but the Houfe, having fmcc 
then refolved to difband all the fupermimary 
Forces in this Kingdom, and not to fend any of 
them for the prcfent into Ireland ; and having ap- 
pointed fuch as were entertained fince the 6th of 
Auguft laft to be immediately difbanded without 
further P?y, the faid Captain and his Men falling 
within that Compafs, have, according to the Re- 
folutions of the Parliament, had feveral pofitive 
Order from myfelf forthwith to difband and dif- 
perfe ; notwithstanding which they have, under 
divers Pretences, for fome Time delayed, and at 
laft reCufed, to difband according to the faid Or- 
ders, continuing together in an hoftilc Manner, 
to the Oppreflion and Terror of the People; till 
at laft, fearing the Rifing of the Country upon. 
thc:n, or the coming of other Forces to dif- 
perfe them, the faid Captain M'ogan^ as I am 
informed, having forged an Order, and coun- 
terfeited my Hand to it, upon his Marching to 
Kendal in 'JVefltnorelond, went with his Troop, 
by long Marches, thirherwurds ; and, under 
Pretext of that counterfeit Order, palled freely 
unto the Northern Borders ; he is thence, as 1 
underftand, gone over with his Troop into Scot- 
land. Thus much I thought it my Duty to in- 

4 form 


?orm your Lordfliips, and to aflure you that he 
had no Order at all from me for his marching 
Northwards, or any other Way ; but that which March, 
he produced for his Paflage was wholly counter- 
feit. I remain, 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant, 


Ah Ordinance for raifirig 60,000 /. a Month for 
the Support of the Army under Thomas Lord Fair- 
fax was pafled this Day ; as alfo another for better 
fecuring the Payment of 8000 /. a Year to the 
Prince Elector, Count Palatine of the Rhine, who 
had now refided in England fome Years ; a former 
Ordinance for that Purpofe having been ineffectual. 

Nothing but private Bufinefs engaging theHoufe 
of Lords now for fome Days, we pals on to March 
21, when more Letters and Papers from the Scots 
Commiflioners arrivedj which were prefented and 

To the Right Honourable EDWARD Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

Edinburgh^ March 14, 164^.. 
May it plvafe your Lordthip^ 

E received feveral Informations of fome. 
DefignS on Foot for the furprizing of 
Berwick, which occafioned us, as we conceived 

* was beft for your Service, to write a Letter to that 

* Town. This Day we received a Letter from the 
VOL. XVII. F Mayot 

(a) About this Time died Ferdinanda Lord Fairfax^ Baron of 
Camercnin Scotland, and Knight of the Shire for the County of 
tort. In the dmntani Journalt of the i6th of this Month we find 
the following En ry : 

Ordered, * That the now Lord Fairfax, General, fliall have the 
Place of Steward of the Honour of Pentefract, and Keeper of Ponte- 
frace Caftle, Park, and Apurrenances, and be Cuftos Rotulorun for the 
County of Tork t in the lik; Wanner as his Father, lately deccafed, 
formerly had,' 


'An. 23 Car. 



The Parliamentary H I s f o R t 

Mayor and Alderman about the fame Bufinefs? % 
Copy whereof, with a Letter from the Comrni- 
fioners here and burfdves, we fent to the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, from whom we have yet receiv- 
ed no Anfwer ; the Copies of the Particulars we 
have inclofed fent your Lordfhip ; all which wfc 1 
fubmit to your Judgment, and (hall ever remain, 

My Lord, 

Tour mofl faithful and bumble Servants, 

o the Worjbipful the Mayer of the To wn ^/"Berwick, 
to Sir WILLIAM SELBY, and to Mr. SLIGH, one 
ef the Aldermen 0/~Berwick. 

Edinburgh,* March 12, 

* \\7 E have received certain Information of the 
* " late Meetings together of many great De- 
linquents in the North of England* who, we have 
good Reafon to believe, are projecting Mifchief^ 
and none more probable at this Time than fome" 
Enterprizes to the Union and Brotherly 
Agreement which we hope will ever be betwixt 
thefe Kingdoms of England and Scotland j there- 1 
fore, left thejy ftrould have fome Dfcfigns, in order 
thereunto, to furprize your Town of Berwick, 
which, by the Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms^ 
which we know the Parliament of England is 
fully refolved to keep inviolable on their Parts, is 
to continue difmantled, and no Forces or Garri- 
fon to be put into it ; we do earneftly intreat you- 
to give a ftridl Charge to the Watch of your 
Town, nor to permit any Soldiers^ or any that 
have been in Arms againft the Parliament in 
this War, to come into your Town of Berwick 
for a Time, until Things, by the Blefiing of God, 
be better fettled j and that you would have a 
fpecial Care of it at the Time of this Horfe-Race 
near youj and that, for a while, you would 

* preveft 

*f ENGLAND. 83 

* {Prevent the like Meetings. All which, knowing An. 3 Car. I, 

* your AfFeaion to the Parliament, we fliall not t . l6 *? , 

* need to prefs further, only fubfcribe, Much. 

Tour very loving Friend^ 




'To the Right Honourable ibt Commffiontrs of w$ 
Parliament of England now in Scodand. 

Berwick, March 12, 
Right 'Honourably 
C I N C E your Lordihips departed hence we are 
'*** credibly informed that fome Forces intend 
to furprifce this Place To-morrow j and the rather 
increafed our Fears, for that we had certain In- 
telligence from Newcaftle^ that certain Cavaliers 
fhould report, That they would make their 
Swords play at Berwick j and perceiving divers 
come this Day$ making their Pretence to fee the 
Horfe-Courfe intended in our Bounds To-mor- 
row, we made Proclamation forDifcharge of that 
Courfe ; and accordingly do refolve to Sand up- 
on it, and have appointed Watchmen for that 
Purpofe. Truly the Reports are fuch, both from 
England ^and Scotland^ as givejuft Occafion of our 
Jealoufies, as we can make appear, if "Occafion 
require, by fufficient Teftimony ; and therefore 
thought fit to fend this Bearer on Purpofe to ac- 
quaint your Honours herewith, humbly craving 
your good Advice in this our fo great Concern 5 
which, God affifting) we mail endeavour to 
obferve ; referring the fame to your good Con> 
fiderations, we take Leave, and reft, 

Tour Honours mojl humble Servants + 




F * T< 

#4 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car; I. 

1647. To the Right Worjhipful the Mayor of the Town of 
* , Berwick, to Sir WILLIAM SELBY, and to Mr* 

SLIGH, one of the Aldennen o/Berwick. 

Edinburgh, March 14, 

E have received your Letter^ whereby we 
perceive your great Care to preferve your 
Town of Berwick from the Surprize of the Ene- 
mies to the Peace and Union of both Kingdoms, 
for which we return you Thanks, and intreat 
the Continuance of your Care ; not doubting you 
will be careful to keep within the Bounds of the 
Treaties betwixt both Kingdoms, Copies where- 
of we have here inclofed fent you, which is re- 
commended to you by, 

Tour loving Friends, 




<& the Right Honourable the Earl of LOUDON, 
Lord High Chancellor 0f Scotland, and Prefident cf 
the Parliament. 

Edinburgh, March i^, 164.?. 
My Lord, 

rp HI S laft Night we did receive a 1 Letter from 
c the Town of Berwick, whereof the inclo- 
' od is a Copy, with a further Aflurance from the 

* Mefienger that they had good Information, 

* from feveral Parts, of a real Defign of the Malig* 

* nants to fuprize the Town at this intended Horfe- 

* Race ; and that the Mayor and other the Magi* 

* ftrates of the Town, befides the forbidding of the 

* Horfe-Race, have appointed a Watch of Townf- 
4 men preventing fuch a Mifchief. We thought 
< it our Parts fpeedily to acquaint your Lordihips 
with the Truth of this Bufmefs, to prevent all Mif- 

* je^qrts and Miftkes that might happen upon hv 
i and 

of E N G L A N D. %$ 

*nd intreat your Lordmip to communicate the An. j Car. I, 

fame to the Honourable the Parliament of Scot- ^ _ * * 7 ' ^ 

land ; with this further, that however the Delin- JH^. 

quents are very induftrious to interrupt the happy 

Union betwixt the Kingdoms, as what ftands 

moft with their Intereft, yet we doubt not but 

it will have this Effect to make them both more 

careful and diligent to continue and preferve it ; 

and as both Houfes of the Parliament of England 

are refolved to keep the Treaty concerning this 

Town, and all other Treaties betwixt both King- , 

doms inviolable, fo we have given Direc* 

tions to the Town of Berwick upon, this O.c- 

cafton, as may manifeft the like Refo.ultions in$ 

My Lord, 

Tour Lord/hips bumble Servants^ 




The fame Day a MefTage was brought from the . 
Houfe of Commons by Mr. Chaloner and others, an d three mor$* 
with Article? of Impeachment for High Treafon, Aldermen of 
and other high . Crimes and Mifdemeanor's, aainft Lond , on ? j!. . 

<v ; rt tr ' ^ AII f T i peached of HIE* 

bir John Gayre, Knight, Alderman of London, Treafon. 
'James Bunct, Thomas Adanu ', and John Langham t 
Aldermen of the fame : Who, in the Name of the 
Houfe of Commons, and of all the Commons of 
England, did defire their Lordfhips to put the faid 
Aldermen to their Anfwer ; and that fuch Proceed - 
4ngs might be had thereupon as were agreeable to 
Juftice : That the Houfe of Commons were ready 
with their Evidence, and that the four impeached 
Aldermen were, by virtue of an Order from theu; 
Houfe, committed Prifoners to the Tower. 

March 23. A Complaint made to the Lords by 

tw Judges, Trevor and Pheafant, that, in their lait 

Circuit, coming to Aylejbury to keep the Aflizes 

F 3 

86 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

11 Cur. I. there, they found no Sheriff to attend them : Qir 
', , which they read their Commiffions and made Prq- 
clamation for the Sheriff to appear ; and he noV 
doing it, they fined him 500 /. and adjourned the; 
Affixes for a Week. That they underftood the 
Sheriff had procured a. Writing, under Ayletfs 
Hand, the Judge of the Prerogative Court, which 
he takes Advantage of: That he had conformed fo 
far as to do every thing but take the Oath of She- 
riff ; which, he faicl, in regard the laft Votes of 
the Houfes forbid any Addreffes to the King, he 
conceives he cannot do ; fince that Oath requires 
that he {hall reveal all fuch Secrets to the King, as 
concern his Crown and Dignity. The Lords did 
no more in this Bufjnefs, at this Time, than order 
Dr. Jylett to attend their Houfe on the 27th, to 
which Time they adjourned j but we hear no more 
of it. 

Thus much for the Tranfa&ions of the Year 
4647. : ' 

The y^urttah of the Lords now fwell to a much 
greater Bulk than ufual by the vaft Number of Or- 
dinances, entered at full Length, for taking ff Se- 
queftrations from Delinquents Eftates, and grant- 
Jng a free Pardon to their Perfons. Thefe were 
clone by particular pines fet, and paid in ready 
Money, according to the Value of their Eftates ; 
and were lefs or hiore as the Perfons concerned had 
been in Arms againft the Parliament, or had only 
fled to the Enemy's Quarters for Protection. How- 
ever, many of thefe unhappy Sufferers were reduced 
to make an abfolute Sale of Part of their Eftates, 
to redeem the reft ; by which Means feveral of 
them were irretrievably funk from their Families, 
and are very fenfibly felt at this Day by their De- 
fcendants. A Lift of the Names of all thefe Per- 
fons fo amerced, throughout England and Wales^ 
with their particular Fines, is collected from the 
journals of both Houfes, and may probably be 
added as an Appendix to fome fuccceding Vo~ 
. But to proceed ; 

of E N G L A N D, % 

March 27. The Houfe of Lords was addrefled Aa *3 r. J. 
in an.vV-r aui.ble Petition from Sir John May- * ' . 

?wn/, Prifoner in the Tower i whereupon the Lords M*rck. 
gave him more Time, to the i^th of jtyril nex& 
to put in his Anfwer to the Charge of the Corn- 
mons againft him. 

Affairs growing now very critical in Scotland, a 
War feemed likely to break out between the two 
Nations. The following Letters and Papers were 
jread in the Houfeof JLords this Day and on the 34 
of April* 

for the Right Honourable EDWARD Earl of MAN* 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Hoxfe of PEERS pro' 

Edinburgh, March 21, 164!. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 

TpHE firft Day the Parliament here did fit, Letters and Pa- 
* after they fent us the Order wherein we were ^f^JJjJj 
acknowledged Commiflioners, was Tuefday the Commimoaer.s, 
I4th of this Month; which Day we fent them Scotland, 
the Bufinefs concerning Berwick^ whereof we 
gave your Lordfliips an Account in our laft Let- 
ter. The next Day we delivered them the An- 
fwer of both Houfes to the Scots Commiffioners 
Papers ; and receiving your additional Instruc- 
tions, with your late Declaration (#), Yefter- 
day we have this Day fent a Paper to the Parlia- 
ment concerning Captain Wagon and his Troop, 
a Copy whereof we have here inclofed ; but 
judging it fit for your Service to let that Demand 

* go alone, we referred the fending of the De- 

* claration until To-morrow ; when, if they fit, 

* we intend, God willing, to deliver it ; and fa 

F 4 ' foon 

(a) The Declaration here mentioned was from, both Houfes, of the 
fourth of March, 1647, concerning the Papers of the Scott Commif- 
fioners, intituled, The Anfacr of the Cimmiffionen of the Kingdom of 
Scotland to both Houjes of Parliament, upon the new Propofitiont of 
Pface, and the four Sills to be fent to bis Mojefty ; and concerning th 
Proceedings of the faid Commiffioners in the Ifle of Wight. 
Of this Declaration feme Notice has been already taken at p 59.11*. 
this Volume^, 

7be Parliamentary HISTORY 

ibon as we fhall receive Anfwers to any of thefk 
Things we have delivered in Purfuance of you? 
Commands, your Lordfhip fhall receive a fpeedy 
Account from us ; who fhall, in all Things, en- 
deavour to approve ourfelves^ 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordfnip's mo/i faithful 
and humble Servants , 


COPY of the PAPER given in to the Parliament 
of Scotland, concerning the Demand of Captain 

Edinburgh, March 21, 164-?. 

WE the Commiffioners of Houfes of the 
Parliament of England, are commanded to 
make known unto the Parliament of Scotland* 
that they have Notice from Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
their General, that one Captain JJ^ogan, an 
Englijhman, and his Troop, who, being of the 
fupernumerary Forces, was, by the Refolutions 
of both Houfes of Parliament, and the Order of 
the General, to be difbanded ; but he, refuf- 
ing fo to do, marched, by a counterfeit Pafs, 
from the County of Worcejler, in the Kingdom of 
England, into the North ; and that from thence 
they are come, in a military Pofture, with Arms 
and Colours, into the Kingdom of Scotland; 
which was altogether without the Allowance, 
Order, or Privity, of the Parliament of England: 
And they are likewifp informed, that others, who 
are principal Englijh Delinquents, and have been 
in Arms againft the Parliament, do harbour in 
this Kiiigdom ; all which is againft the large 
Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms of England and 
Scotland, and the Acl: of Pacification and Obli- 
yjon, pafled Anno 17 Car, Rtgis. 


? The faid Captain Wogan being feen at Edin- A 
^ burgh by feveral of our Servants Yefter day, and 
' divers Days before, we do, in the Name of both 
c Houfes of the Parliament of England, demand of 
' the Parliament of Scotland, that the faid Captain 

* Wogan, with his Officers and Soldiers that are 
" Englijhmen, together with their Horfes and Arms, 

* be feized, iecured, and delivered to us, to be dif- 

* pofed of as both Houfes of the Parliament of 
' England have or fhall appoint; and we cannot 

* doubt but, upon Ejifcovery of any other Englijh 

* Forces, or any .$ngli/bmen who have been Offi- 

* cers or Reformadoes, and ferved the King againft 
' the Parliament, that fhall be received or harbour- 
' ed within this Kingdom, you will do the like 
' Juftice to the Kingdom of England upon our de- 

* manding of them. 

By Command of the CommiJJioners of the Pajrlia- 
ment of England. 


For the Right Hon. EDWARD Qarl of MANCHES- 
TER, Speaker of the Houfe #/" PEERS pro Tern- 

Edinburgh, March 2$, 1648. 
A fay it pleafe your Lordjh.ip, 

* XylT" E did Yefterday fend to the CommifBoners 

* here, a Paper, principally concerning 
Captain ftfogan r whereof the inclofed is a ; 
and though we do expert a fpeedy Arifwer, 
we thought it our Duty tq give your Lord- 
fhip an Account of our Endeavours in pur- 
fuance of your Commands ; and, withall, to ac- 
quaint your Lordfhip, that there is a Hoi/and Man 
of War come to Leith which carries 38 Guns, 
wherein came S}r William Flemming ; and we are 
like wife informed that there is come a French 
Frigate, in which Sir Thomas Glemham is come 
hitherj whereof, if we can get fufficient Tefti- 
mony, notwithftanding we hear he has made his 
Competition, yet we fhall, according to our In- 

| ftru&ions, demand him ; being refolved, by God's 

9<* We Parliamentary HisTORV* 

" * 6 * ai> L c Affiftance, in this and all other Things we have 

_L!^J * in Chaige from your Lordfhips, to ufe our utmpft 

April. ' wucavbur to approve ourfelves, 

My Lord) 

Tour Lordjhip's moft faithful 

and humble Servants^ 


Copy of the PAPER delivered in to the Parliament of 
Scotland by the Englifh Commijjionen^ prejfingfor 
an Anfiwr to former Papers. 

Edinburgh, March 27, 1648, 
\T7 E have, by the Command, and in the 
Name, of both Houfes of the ^Parliament 
of England^ feveral Times, made known unto the 
Parliament and Committee of Eftates of the 
Kingdom of Scotland, that we were lent hither 
to keep a good Correfpondence betwixt both 
Kingdoms; and that it is the Refolution of 
both Houfes of the Parliament of England, on 
their Part, to continue and preferve the Union, 
and brotherly Agreement betwixt them, and to 
remove all Mifipprehenflons to the contrary, 
if any fuch fhoiild be; and, in order thereunto, 
have delivered to your Lordfhips feveral Papers : 
But although we have been at Edinburgh ever 
fince the 8th of February laft, yet we have not 
received a particular Anfwer to any of them ; 
whereof we are, and both Houfes of the Parlia- 
ment of England have Reafon to be, very fen- 
fible. At this Time we being required to return 
an Account to both Houfes of the Parliament of 
England, concerning the Bufmefs of Captaii^ 
Wogan and his Troop, muft earneftly prefs your 
Lordfhips to give us your Anfwer to our Paper 
concerning him of the 2ift of this Inftant March ^ 
wherein we do not doubt but your Lordfhips will 

* omply. 


' comply with the Defires of both Moufes ; it being An, . 
*' conformable to, and in Profecuticn of, the large IC * 6 - 
* Treaty betwixt both Kingdoms, nd the Act of ' J"^ 

* Pacification and Oblivion pafled by the Pallia- p '"'* 

* ments of both Kingdoms.' 

By Command of the Gommijfioners from the Parlia- 
ment 0f England, 


^ PAPER delivered in to the Parliament of Scotland x 
dated Edinburgh, March 31,1648, concerning the 
former Demand of Capt. Wogan, and a further 
JDetnand of Sir Philip Mufgrave and Sir Thomas 

TTH 1 H E R E A S both Kingdoms of England mL 
** Scotland have pafled their public Faith in 
the Act of Pacification and Oblivion of 1*7 Caroli 
Regis, to concur in the reprefling of thofe that 
{hall rife in Arms, or make War in any of tha. 
Kingdoms of England, Scotland, or Ireland, with- 
out the Confent of the Parliament of that King- 
dom to which they do belong ; and that fuch 
fliall be held, reputed, and deemed as Traitors to 
the Eftates whereof they are Subjects : And that 
no Perfon, fentenced by the Parliament of either 
Nation as Incendiaries betwixt the Nations, 
{hall have Shelter or Protection in any other of 
his Majefty's Dominions : And whereas, by the 
faid Act, if any Englijhman who hath committed 
Offences againft that Kingdom ihall remove into 
Scotland, he fliall, 'at the Delire of the Par- 
liament of England, be remanded to abide his 
Trial in that Kingdom where he committed 
the Offence : We having in Charge to demand 
all Englijhmen that we fliall difcover to be in this 
Kingdom of Scotland, who have been in Arms 
againft the Parliament and Kingdom of England', 
and being certainly informed that there are now 
many fuch Perfons in this City of Edinburgh, (In- 
cendiaries betwixt the Nations) and particularly 
\ Sir Philip Mufgrave and Sir Thomas Glemham j 


'The Parliamentary H I s T o R V 

we do therefore, in the Name of both Houfes of 
the Parliament of England^ demand that the faid 
Sir Philip Muf grave and Sir Thomas Glembam be 
delivered to ijs, to be difpofed of as both Houfes 
of the Parliament of England have or (hall ap- 
point. Wherein, as alfo in the Bufmefs of Capt, 
Wogan and his Troop, reprefented to your L,ord- 
fhips in our Papers of the 2ift and 2710 of this 
Inftant Marcb^ who were in Arms in IVeJlmore- 
land and Cumberland, and in fome other Parts of ' 
the Kingdom of England., and afterwards in this 
Kingdom, without the Confent of the 'Parlia- 
ment of England, (the public Faith of this King- 
dom being fo deeply engaged) we cannot doubt 
of a fpeedy and fatisfaclory Anfwer. 
J5y Command of the Commijjioners of the Parliament 


April 12. The Speaker acquainted the Houfe, 
that the fix Lords, impeached, by the Houfe of 
' Commons, had given in their Anfwers to their 
f^veral and refpeclive Charges, which they had fent 
by the Gentleman-Uftier of the Black-Rod. The 
Lords ordered them to be received, but deferred the 
Reading of them to another Time, 

April 13. A great Tumult, or rather an Infur- 
reftion, had happened in London a Day or two be-, 
fore, in which the Apprentices and others rofe in 
great Numbers and did much Mifchief : They beat 
up Drums upon the Water to invite the Seamen 
and Watermen to join them, to fighter God and 
King Charles. The whole City was in great Con- 
fternation, nor was the Parliament free from Fears ; 
for Mr. Wbitlocke writes, ' That it was no fmall 
Happinefs to the Houfes, that this Infurrecti in was, 
at length, well quieted ; fmce, in thofe Times of 
Difcontent and Diftraclion, if it had not been fo 
foon appeafed and nipped in the Bud, it might have 
proved of moft dangerous Confequence to all the 
parliament's Party, and have occafioned a ne-,v War.* 


$f ENGLAND. 93 

The Memoriali/} here again adds another moral An. 24 Car.i. 
Reflection, viz. We may take Notice of the Un- 
certainty of worldly Affairs ; when the Parliament 
and their Army had fubdued their common Enemy, 
then they quarrelled amongft themfelves, the Army 
againft the Parliament : And when they were pretty 
well pieced together again, then the Apprentices 
and others make an Infurre&ion againft them both. 
Thus they were in continual Perplexities and 

The following A& of Common Council, as de- 
livered to the Houfe of Lords, this Day, by fome 
Aldermen and others, gives a yet more defcription- 
al Account of this laft Tumult : 

April n, 1648, 

* \ T this Common Council Mr. Alderman 
' /* Fowte, and Mr. Aldermen Gtbbs, by the 

* Direction of the Committee of the Militia of 
' London, did make a large Relation of the great 

* Multitude, Infurrection, and Mutiny which hap- 
4 pened in this City on the laft Lord's Day and 
' Monday laft, by many evil-difpofed Perfons ; 

' ' which firft began on the Lord's Day in the After- 

* noon, in the County of Middlefex^ where they 
' feized the Colours of one of the Trained-Bands 

* of the faid County, who were there employed for 

* the fuppreflmg of fuch Perfons as did profane the 
' Lord's Day : And, being difperfed by fome of the 
c General's Forces, did gather together within the 

* City of London and Liberties thereof; and, in a 

* riotous Manner, did break open divers Houfes, 

* and Magazines of Arms and Ammtmition, and 

* took away Arms, Plate, Money, and other 
c Things j and did feize upon the Drums of the 
4 Trained Bands of this City ; which were beating 

* to raife their Companies ; and armed themfelves, 

* and beat up Drums, and put themfelves in a war- 

* like Pofture, and feized upon the Gates, Chains, 

* and Watches of this City ; and then marched to 

* the Lord Mayor's Houfe, and there aflaulted the 

. ' Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, Committee of the Mil^ 


94 *ft> e . Pwlitunfltt&fy H i s T o R V 

n. 24 Car. I. tia of London^AnA other Magiftrates of the fame j 

l6 ^' , ' and didfhcot into the Lord Mayor's Houfe, beat 

April. ' kack his Guards, killed one of them, wounded 

' clivers others, and feized and took away a Piece of 

* Ordinance from th'encej with which they did a- 

* terwards ilay and wound divers Perfons, and 

* committed many other Outrages. All which 
Matters feeing largely debated, and many Partkru- 

* lars infifted upon, both for the Difcovery and 
' Puniftiment of the faid Mifdemeanors and Out- 
' rages, and alfo for the preventing of the like for 

* the Time to come, it was at laft concluded and 

* agreed by this Common Council as folJoweth : 
Firft, ' This Common Council do generally 

* conceive that this City was in great Danger by 

* reafon of the faid Outrages arid Mifderfieanors ; 

* and that if the fame had not fo timely been pre- 

* vented and flayed, the whole City would have 

* been expofed to the Fury and Rage of the faid 

' And this Common Couricil do declare, That 

* the fame Mifdemeanor and Outrage was a horrid 

* and deteftable Act, tending to the Deftru&ion of 

< the City j that they do difavow the fame, and 

* with an utter Delegation to declare their Diflike 

< thereof, 

' And this CommonCouncil do appoint the Com- 

* mittee of the Militia of London to make the fame 

* known to the Honourable HoufeS of Parliament : 

* And alfo to make an humble Requeft unto them, 

* That an Order may be iflued forth from them to 

< the feveral Minifters of this City, and the Places 
' adjacent, that they may be directed to give public 
' Thanks to Almighty God, the Author of this 
' great and wonderful Deliverance from that im- 

* minent Danger wherein the City and iParts adja- 
' cent were involved. 

' And further the faid Committee are appointed 

* by this Court to apply themfelves to the Honour- 
' able Houfes of Parliament, for the obtaining of a 
' fpecial Commifiion of Oyer and Termintr^ for the 
trying and punching all the Malefactors that had 

a Hand 


i ftand in this deteftable Aftion, according to An, 14 Car. fc 

* the known Laws of this Land. t _' * ' f 

< And this Court, with thankful Hearts, do ac- 

* knowledge the Inftruments, under God, by which 

* they obtained this Deliverance, to be by the Forces 
f raifed and continued by the Parliament, under 
' the Command of his Excellency the Lord-Gene- 

* ral Fairfax : And to manifeft the fame, 

This Common Council do alfo order, That the 

* faid Committee of the Militia, in the Name of this 
4 City, as a Thing agreed upon by an unanimous 

* Confent, {hall return their hearty Thanks to his 

* Excellency, for his fpeedy and feafonable Aid of- 

* fered unto the City in this their great Strait and 

* Danger. 

c And this Court, with a general Confent, da 

* well approve of the Endeavours of the faid Com- 

* mittee of the Militia of London, for the raifing of 
' the Forces of this City ; and in their procuring of 

* the faid Aid and Help from his Excellency in this 

* Extremity, and what elfe they have done for the 

* appealing and fupprefling of the faid Tumults. 

* And this Court do give Thanks to the faki 
' Committee of the Militia, for their Care and 

* Pains by them taken upon this fad Occafion j 

* and they do appoint Mr, Alderman Fowh to de- 

* clare the fame, their Thanks, to fuch of the faki 

* Committee as are not of this Court. 

* And this Court do alfo, with all Thankfulnefs, 

* acknowledge the Pains and Care of the Right 
c Honourable the Lord Mayor, and the Right 

* Worftiipful the Sheriffs of this City, therein. 

* And this Court do generally declare, That ifc 

* is the Duty of every Citizen of this City by him^ 

* felf, and all that do belong unto him, or is un- 

* der his Command, to be ready, upon all Occa- 

* fions, to be aiding and aflifting unto the Lord 

* Mayor, and the reft of the Magiftrates of this 

* City, for the fupprefling of all Tumults and Dif- 

* orders within the fame. 


9 6 

An. 24 Car, I. 


Articles of Im- 
peachment of 
High Treafon 
againft Sir John 

*ft*e Parliamentary HISTORY 

c And the feveral Perfons now prefent at this 
' Common Council, by the holding up of their 
' Hands, have promifed, That, for the Time to 
4 come, they will ufe their utmoft Endeavours, and 
* be ready upon all Occafions, to do the fame/ 

The next enfuing Sunday Was appointed by the 
Lords as a Day of Thankfgiving for this Deliver- 
ance j and a Letter of Thanks was wrote to the 
General for his Care and Diligence in this Matter. 

April 14. The Commons fent up to the Lords 
their Articles of Impeachment againft Sir John 
Gayre, Krit, which were read as follows : 

ARTICLES of the Commons ajfembled In Parliament, in 
Maintenance of their Impeachment again/} Sir John 
Gayrej Knight, Alderman of the City of London, 
whereby he Jtands charged of High Treajon^ and 
ether high Crimes and Mifdemeanors* 

TP H A T upon the 26th of July laft paft, and 
divers Days before and fince, he the faid 
John Gayre, being then Lord Mayor of London, 
at the Guild-Hall, and other Places within the 
.faid Cities of London and Wejlminjler, and Coun- 
ties of Middlesex and Surrey, contrary to his 
Oath and Duty as Lord Mayor of London, and 
againft his Allegiance, hath, together with Thomas 
ddams, John Ldngham, and James Bunce, Alder-*- 
men of London ; William Drake, Jeremiah Bains, 
John Milton, Thomas Papillion, Richard Rumney, 
and Richard Crook, Citizens of London ; and with 
Col. Sydenbam Pointz, Col. John Dalbier, 
Col. James Midhop, Capt. Robert Maffey, and 
other E.eformado Officers and Soldiers, and 
other Perfbns, malicioufly and traiteroufly plotted 
and endeavoured, with open Force and Violence, 
and with armed Power, to compel and enforce 
the Lords and Commons, then aflembled in Par- 
liament at IVejlminJlcr^ to alter the Laws and 

6 Ordinances 

^/ENGLAND.. 97 

Ordinances by Parliament eftablimed for the Safe- An - 2 4 ^ ar - 
ty and Weal of the Realm; and likewife, mali- t * *" , 
cioufly and traiteroufly, to raife and levy \Var April, 
within the Places aforefaid, againft the King, 
Parliament, and Kingdom, ; and accordingly, at 
the Times and Places aforefaid, hath, with the 
Perfons aforefaid, and others, malicioufly and 
traitercufly raifed and levied War againft the 
King", Parliament, an-d Kingdom ; and to- 
gether with the Perfons aforefaid, with open 
Force and Violence, and with armed Power, did, 
at the Times and Places aforefaid, malicioufly 
compel and enforce the faid Lords and Commons, 
in Parliament affembled, to alter, annul, and make 
void fevera! Laws and Ordinances by Parliament 
eflablifhed, and to make new Laws and Ordi- 
nances according to their own Will and Pleafure. 
* That the faid Sir John Gayre, together with 
the faid John Langbant, Thomas Adams, James 
Bunce, WiRlam Drake, Jeremiah Bains, John 
Milton, Thomas Papillion, Richard Rumney, and 
Richard Crook, Citizens ; together with Col. Sy- 
denham Pointz, Col. John Datbier, Col. James 
Midhop, Capt. Robert Maffey, and other Refor- 
mado Officers and Soldiers, and other Perfons ; 
which Reformadoes, by Ordinance of Parliament, 
the Lords and Commons afTembled in Parliament, 
for their tumultuous Carriage towards the Parlia- 
ment, were commanded to depart out of the Cities 
of London and Weftrnnifter, and twenty Miles about * 

the late Lines of Communication j and the 
Execution of the faid Ordinance was committed 
to the faid Sir John Gayrt, John Langham, Thomas 
Adams, James Bunce, tsc. the then Militia of 
the City of London, \vho were, by divers Or- 
ders of the Ploufe of Commons, put in Mind 
of their Duty, and required to put the faid Or- 
dinance duly in Execution, which they did. not 
do; but did, at the Times and Places afore- 
faid, traiteroufiy .-nd feditioufly procure, abet, 
maintain, and encourage the faid Reforaa- 
Vox. XVII. G * do 

Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. -4. Car. I. < <Jo Officers and Soldiers, and many A[ [rentiers 

t _ *' '_ , * of tbe City of Lcnd.n, and givers other Perforrs 

April. ' ill-afFe6ted to the Proceedings of Parliamer t, by 

* open Force and Violence, and with arrred Power, 
' to compel and enforce the Houfes of Parliament 

* to revoke, annul, and make void an Ordinance 
' of Parliament, mad, ; nd p.;f d by the Lords and 

* Con tr.ons, now ifletnblbd in Parliament, the 23d 
' D.i\ 7 of Jt-'y !. ft ; which was as follows : 

' The Loids and Lctt:m<.ns aflemtUd in Parliament, 
'- +heir ferious Ccnfideration the preferrt 

* State ar.u Condition of the Kingdom of England, and 

* particularly oj the City <?/* London, do ordain and 

* declare, a? d be it ordained'and declared by Anttcri- 
' ty of I 'iv: nai:>ent ) That the Lord Mayer and Sheriff 

* of London for the Time being, and Sir John Wol- 
' lauon, A'':f ;'-*. Kaac Pennington, Thomas At- 

* ki,-:", John Warner, James Bunce, John Fowke, 

* William Gibbs, John Kendfick, JohnLangham, 
and Richard Chambers, Aldermen ; Field- Marjhal 

* Skippon, Randal Manwaring, Francis Peck, Sa- 
' muel Warner, James Rullel, Nathanael Wright, 
< William Berkley, Alexander Normanton, Ste- 
' phen Eftwick, Owen Rowe, Richard Turner, 
' femor. William Hobfon, Richard Ikteman, Ri- 
' ch. rd Turner,y/5r, Robert Tichburn, Tempeft 
4 Milner, William Antrobus, Thomas Player, fe- 

* nior, Samuel Harfnet, Francis Allen, Colonel 

* Wilfon, Colonel John Bellamy, and Alexander 
' Jones, Citizens ; be, and are hereby conjlituted, a 
c Committee for the Militia of the L.ity of London, 

* and the Liberties thereof, arid all other Places 
' within the Lines of Communication and Weekly 

* Bills of Mortality ; and any Nine or more of them 

* jhall have Power, and are her f by authorized, to 

* ajjemble and call together all and fingular Perfon 

* and Perfcr.s cf the faid City o/'London, and the 

* faid Liberties thereof within the Lines cf Cunmu- 

* cation and Jt'eekh Bills of Mortality, that are 

* meet and jit for the Wars, and them to train and 
' sxercife, and put in Readinefs ; and them, after 

4 their 

of E N G L A N D. 99 

* their Abilities and Faculties, well and fufficientlj, An 1 4 Car. I. 
' from Time to Time, t> caijfe it to be arrayed and ^ \ ' j 

* weapffned ; and to take Muji<.>rs of them in Places ^ pr il. J 

* mojt Jit for that Purpofe ; and tha they Jhall have 
' Power to lead, conduft, and employ, the Perfons 
c aforefaid, fo arrayed and weaponed, for the Sup- 

* P re fji n f a ^ Rebellions, InfurreElions, and Inva- 

* Jions that may happen within the City and Liberties 

* thereof, or within the Lines of Commvnica; : on and 
' weekly Bills of Mortality : And lik^mfe they have 

* further Power and Authority to lead, conduct, and 
' employ the Perfons aforefaid, fo arrayed and weapon- 
' ed y as well within the faid City, as within any other 
1 Part of this Realm of England or Dominion of 

* Wales, for the Supprejfion of all Rebellions, Infur- 

* regions, or Invajions that may happen, according as 
6 they Jhall, from Time to Time, receive Directions 
' from the faid Lords and Commons in Parliament af- 
' fembled ; and that the faid Committee, or any Nine or 

* mire of them, Jhall have Power ^ and are hereby au- 
1 thorized, to conftitute and make Colonels, Captains^ 
' and other Officers ; and Jhall have Power to remove 
' and difplace Colonels, Captains, and other Officers, 
' from Time to Time, as they, or any Nine or more of 
' them as aforefaid, Jhall fee Cauje and think fit ; and 

* that the faid Committee, or any Nine or more of them 
' as aforefaid, Jhall have the fame Power and Authori- 
' ty, to all Intents and Purpofes^ and in the fame Man- 

* ner and Form as any Committee for the Militia of 
4 the City of London had the loth of July 1647, by 
' any Order or Ordinance of Parliament ; and that all 

* and every Perfon or Perfons, ivho have heretofore 

* aled and done, or Jhall hereafter aft or do, any Aft 

* or Thing whatfoever by virtue of this or any former 
' Ordinance or Ordinances of Parliament, concerning 
' the faid Militia, Jhall be faved harmltfs and indem- 
' nified for and concerning the fame by Authority of 

* Parliament. 

' And it is hereby further ordained, Tljat no Citi- 

* zen of the City ^London, nor any of the Forces 

G 2 of 

ioo 7&? 'Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. ( of the f aid City or Liberties thereof, Jhall be draui n 
, l6 4 8 ' , ' forth, or compelled to go out of the faid City or Li' 
April. ' forties thereof \ for Military Service, without his cr 
' their free Confent. 

' And it is, lajlly, ordained and declared by the 
' Authority aforefaid, That the Ordinances of Parlia- 
' ment of the tfh of May, 1647, for the Militia of 
' London, Jhall, from henceforth, ceafe and be deter- 

* mined to fill Inteuts and Purpofes whatfoever ; and 

* this prefent Ordination is to continue during the 
Pleafurc of both Houfes of Parliament. 

* And likewife, by fuch open Force and Vio- 

* lence, and armed Power, to compel and enforce 
' the faid Lords and Commons, afiembled in Par- 

* liamt:nt, to revoke, annul, and make void a De- 

* claration, made by the faid Lords and Commons, 
' the 24th of July laft, which is as follows : 

' The Lords and Commons having feen a printed 
' Paper, intituled, A Petition to the Lord Mayor, 

* Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London, 

* in the Guildhall affembled, under the Names of 

* divers Citizens, Commanders, Officers and Sol- 

* diers of the Trained Bands, Auxiliaries, and 

* other young Men and Apprentices ; Sea-Com- 
' manders, Seamen, and Watermen ; together with 
' a dangerous Engagement of the fame Persons, by 

* Oath and l r ow, concerning the Kings prefent coming 

* to the Parliament, upon Terms far different from 
' thefe which both Hoiifes, after mature Deliberation, 

* have declared to be necejjary for the Goad and Safety 
' of this Kingdom ; cafting Rejieclions both upon- the 
' Proceedings of Parliament and Army, and tend" 

* ing ty the embroiling the Kingdom in a new War: 

* And the faid Lords and Commons taking Notice, 
' of great Endeavours ufed by -divers iil-ajfefted 

* Pcrfcns, to procure Subfcriptic-ns thereunto, where- 

* by wetl-n:e ining People may be mijlcd, do there- 
' fore declare, That whomever, after Publication 
f or Notice hereof, J})all proceed in, or procure or ftt 
' bis Name to, or give Coifeit thai h : s Name foall 

* be fet untj, or any Way engaged ivitb, the faid 
' Engagement, Jhall be deemed and adjudged guilty 

' f 

of ENGLAND. 101 

. of High Treafon, and Jball forfeit Life and Eft ate as Aa - H Car. I, 

s-i / / T T i '-r-' r n i lOio* 

;>z GT/* 0f High Treajon is accujtomed. t _^ 

* And further, by the faid open Force and Vio- A?ril . 
lence, and with armed Power, to compel and en- 
force the faiJ Lords and Commons, in Parlia- 
ment affembled, to make and ordain an Ordinance 
of Parliament of the 26th of July, whereby they 
made the Ordinance of Parliament of the 4th of 
May^ for and concerning the Militia of th& City 
of London, formerly repealed, to be in full Force 
and Virtue, any thing in the Ordinance of the 
23d of 'July to the contrary notwithstanding. 
' And the faid Col. James A4idbcp, Capt. Robert 
MaJJey, and the f id other Reformado Officers 
and Soldiers, Aprentices, and others the faid ill- 
affected People, by the Procurement, Abetting, 
Maintenance, Encouragement, and Affiftance of 
the faid Sir John Gayre, Thomas Adams, John 
Langbain, James Buna', William Drake, Henry 
Bains, John Milton, Thomas Papillion, Richard 
Rumney, and Richard Crooke, Citizens, did ac- 
cordingly, traiteroufly and malicioufly, with open 
Force and Violence, and with armed Power, up-, 
on or about the 26th of July, compel and enforce 
the faid Lords and Commons, in Parliament af- 
fembled wuhan the City of Wejlminjler , to repeal 
and make void the aforeiaid Ordinance of the 
23d of July ; and alfo revoke, annul, and make 
void the aforefaid Declaration of the 24th of July, 
and to make again and pafs the faid Ordinance 
for the Mititia of the 4th of May, formerly re- 

' And by the faid open Force and Vio'ence, and 
armed Power, and by the Procurement, Abetting, 
Maintenance, Encouraging, and Afliftance as 
aforefaid, did, on or about the 26th of July, traite- 
roufly and malicioufly compel and enforce the 
Houfe of Commons to vote, That the King fhould. 
forthwith come up to the City of London ; which 
Procuring, Abetting, Maintaining, Encouraging, 
and actual Force as aforefaid, was procured and 
G 3 'done' 


An. 24 Car. I. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

done to the Intent and Purpofe to annul and 
make void feveral Laws an -\ Ordinances made by 
the Lords and Commons affe.nbled in Parliament, 
for the Safety and Welfare of the People of this 
Re. an, and to deftroy an:! take away the juft 
Power and Authority of the Parliament ; and to 
the further Intent, that he the faid Sir John Gayre^ 
with others his faid Confederates, might be the 
be er enabled to carr/ on their traiterous Defign 
of levying the faid War againft the King, Parlia- 
ment, and Kingdom. 

' That, in further Profecution of his faid traiterous 
levying the faid War, and other his traiterous 
Plottings, Contrivances, and Abetting as aforefaid, 
he the faid Sir John Gayre, together with the faid 
Thomas Jdams, 'John Langham, James Bunce 9 
Aldermen ; Denzill Plollis^ Walter Long, Efqrs; 
Sir John Maynard, Knight of the Bath, Col. Sy- 
denbajn Poiniz> Jeremiah Eains, William Drake^ 
Richard Rumney, and other Perfons, caufed many 
of the Reformado Officers and Soldiers, and 
many Regiments of other armed Men, to the 
Number of 10,000 armed Men, and upwards, 
upon or about the 3Oth of July laft paft, to be 
lifted and raifed ; and, being fo lifted, armed, and 
raifed, to be employed with Weapons of War, 
offenfive and defensive, in a warlike Manner, to 
fight againft the Army, under the Command of 
Sir Thomas Fairfax, who was, by Ordinance of 
Lords and Commons, affembled in Parliament, 
appointed to defend the Parliament and King- 
dom, and was then marching up to the City of 
London to that Purpofe : And the faid Sir John 
Gayre y and the faid Reformado Officers and Sol- 
diers, and Perfons aforefaid, with the faid Regi- 
ment of armed Men and other Forces, at the 
Time afcrefaid, did levy actual War within the 
Ciiies of London and Wejlrnin/ler, Counties of 
Middlesex and 5rry, againft the King, Parlia- 
ment, and Kingdom. 

By all which Means and Ways, ne the faid Sir 
John Gayre hath, traiteroufly ami malicioufly, 

' complottcd. 

of E N G L A N D. 103 

complotted, contrived, and actually levied War An. 24. Car. I. 
againftthe King, Parliament, and Kingdom ; and L T0 "* 3 ' 
hath, traiteroufiy and malicioufly, plotted, con- Aprili 
trived, procured, and abetted the forcing of the 
faid Houfes of Parliament as aforefaid ; which 
actually by him, and Ins Abetment and Procure- 
ment, hath been done accordingly : For all which 
they do impeach him of High Treafon againft 
the King, his Crown and Dignity.' 
* And the faid Commons, by Protection, faving 
to themfelves a Libeny of exhibiting, at any 
Times hereafter, any other Accufation or Im- 
peachment againft the faid Sir John Gayre ; and 
alio of replying to the Anfvvers that the faid Sir 
John Gayre fliall make to his faid Articles, or any 
of them, and of offering further Proof alfo of the 
Premifes, or any of them, or any other Impeach- 
ment or Accufation that {hall be, by then,-, as the 
Caufe (hall, according to the Courfe of" Parlia- 
ment, require, do pray, that the faid Sir John 
Gayre\)Q put to anfwer all and every the Premifes ; 
and that fuch Pr >ceedings, Examinations, Trial, 
and Judgment may be upon e,very of them had 
and ufed, as is agreeable to Law and Juftice.' 

Hereupon the Lords ordered, That Sir John 
Gayre, Knight, now Prifoner in the Tower of LM- 
*/3,be brought to their Bar on Wednefday Morning 
next, to receive this Charge of High Treafon. and 
other high Cr'unes and MifJemeanors brought up 
from the Houfe of Commons againil him ; and this 
Order to be directed to the Lieutenant of the 

April, 17. This D.y c.m3 another Packet of 
Letters from the Commuifioners in Scotland; which 
brought no other Advice than that they had not yet 
got an Anfwer to the Papers they had delivered to 
the Parliament there, according to the Lord-Chan- 
cellor's Promife of the 3d of this Month, but only 
the following Order : 

G 4 At 


More Letrersand 
Papers from the 

jn Scotland. 

he Parliamentary HISTORY 

At Edinburgh the $tb Day of April, the Tear of 
God 1648. 

THE States of Parliament recommend to 
the Lord-Chancellor, Prefident of the Par- 
liament, to make known to the Commiflioners 
from the Parliament of England, that the Opinion 
of the Committee for an Anf W er to be returned 
to the Letters and Papers, given in by them, was 
this Day, the laft Day of the Week, prefented 
and read in Parliament. But, according to the 
Order kept in thisParliame n t, the Anfwer is taken 
into the Confideration of the feveral Eftates, till 
the Beginning of the next Week, at which Time 
* it v/ill be given to them. 

Extrafted forth of the Records of Parliament by me 
Sir Alexander Gibfon o/"Drury, Knight, Clerk 
of his Majcfty's Regtfters^ Councils^ and Rolls t 
under my Signet and Subscription manual, 


April. 19. This Day came other Letters to the 
Lords from their Commiffioners j the Tenor of 
them as follows : 

For the Right Hon. EDWARD Earl of M A N- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Honfe of PEERS pro 
Tern pore, 

Edinburgh, April 15, 1648. 
, My Lord, 

'"T* H E Parliament of Scotland not giving an 
Anfwer to our Papers in the Beginning of 
this Week, according to their Order and our Let- 
ter fent to your Lordmips by the laft Pofr, we did 
prefs it again in another Paper, a Copy whereof is 
here inelofed; wherein we made an additional 
Demand of Col. George Wray, which was deli- 
vered Yeilerday, but had not been read till this 
Day,r when we did receive the inelofed Anfwer; 
whereunto, although we refoive to make a Reply 
in Maintenance of our former Papers, yet the 


of E N G LAN D. 105 

Difference being upon the Expofition of an A& An. 24 Car. f. 
of Parliament, we thought it our Duty to fend 
forthwith to your Lordfhips, that if, in your Wit- 
dom, your Lordfhips (hall think fit, your Lord-, 
fhips might give further Directions unto us, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lord/tip's mo/l faithful, 

and humble Servants, 


A PAPER of the Parliament of Scotland, In An- 
fwcr to fever al Papers delivered in by the Englifli 

Edinburgh, April 12, 1648. 

TH E Eftates of Parliament, having perufed 
and confidered the feyeral Papers given in 
to them and to the Committee of Eftates, by the 
Commiffioners of both Houfes of the Parliament 
of England^ fmce their laft Coming to this King- 
dom, dofind, at the Arrival of the faid Commif- 
fioners, and upon their fir ft Addrefs to the Com- 
mittee of Eftates, although they {hewed no Com- 
miflion, nor had any Credential Letters directed 
to the Committee, yet 'the Committee of Eftates 
did appoint fome of their Number to meet with 
them, who did accordingly receive from them 
what they then thought fit to offer ; and when 
they made their Addrefles to the Parliament, the 
very Days wherein their Letters were given to the 
Lord -Chancellor, to whom they fent the fame, 
they were inftantly read in Parliament ; and a 
Committee appointed to take into Confideration 
what was offered by them, that, upon Report 
thereof, an Anfwer might be returned by the. 

* Whereas your Lordfhips are pleafed, in th$ 
Name of the Honourable Houfes of the Parliament 
of England^ to exprefs their Ddires to nrefci ve a 

io6 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

good Underftanding* and Brotherly Agreement 
betwixt the two Kingdoms, the Eftates of Parlia- 
liament do return this Anfwer, That as the Ac- 
tions of this Kingdom have been real Proofs of 
their Defires and Willingnefs to entertain a good 
Correfpondence and Amity betwixt the two Na- 
tions, fo they are ftill refolved to keep inviolably, 
on their Parts, the happy Union to which both 
Kingdoms are folemnly engaged by the Covenant 
and Treaties : Yet they have thought fit to let 
them know, that this Kingdom hath Reafon to be 
very fenfible, that the neceflary and juft Defires 
given in by their Commifiioners, by Warrant of 
the Parliament and their Committees, to the Ho- 
nourable Houfes of the Parliament of England^ 
concerning Religion, the King's Majefty, and 
Intereft of this Kingdom, have had no fatisfac- 
tory Anfwer as yet. 

' And for the particular Defires concerning Capt. 
Wogan, and his Troop, a'ledged to be in this 
Kingdom, and demanded in the Paper of the 
aift of March, upon the Adt of Pacification and 
Oblivion in the large Tteaty, Anno 1641, as De- 
linquents, and who have been in Arms againft 
the Parliament of England; and the Paper of the 
3lft of March, demanding the aforefaid Captain 
Wogan, Sir Philip Mufgrave, and Sir Thomas 
Glemham, to be delivered up, upon the fame A& 
of Pacification, as thofe who have rifen in Arms, 
and made War agajnft the Parliament of Eng~ 
land : If your Lordfhips will be pleafed toperufe 
that Treaty and A6t of Pacification, to which 
the Papers given in do relate, it will clearly ap- 
pear that none can be demanded or delivered by 
this Kingdom, but fuch only of the Eng lift Nation 
who have infenced the Kingdom of Scotland againft 
the Kingdom of England, all other Criminals be- 
ing referred to the Laws. 

* And the Eftates of this Kingdom are confident 
that your Lordfhips will not mifunderftand the 
not returning of an Anfwer fooner to your 
Papers and Defires, fince the many other pref- 

* fing; 

c/ E N G L A N D. 107 

fmg; and weighty Affairs of this Kingdom, which An. 24 Car. I. 
have ftill been before the Parliament fince your v l( ' t 
Coming, have been the only Reafon of this De- ApiiL 

* The Eftates of Parliament give Warrant and 
Command to the Committee of Twenty-four to 
deliver to the Englijh Commifii oners the Anfwer 
this Day parted in Parliament; to appoint fome of 
their Number to meet with the Englijh Commif- 
fioners ; to aflert the Parliament's Anfwer ; and 
to report what further the Commiflioners of the 
Honourable Houfes of the Parliament of England 
{hail offer to the Ccnfideration of the Parliament 
of Scotland.' 

Extratted out of the Records of Parliament by me 
Sir Alexander Gibfon o/Drury, Knight^ Clerk 
of his Maje/ly's Regifters^ Councils, and Rolls y 
under my Signet and Subfcription manual^ 


A Copy of the PAPER delivered in to the Parliament of 
Scotland, concerning the former Demands of Capt. 
Wogan, Sir Philip Mufgrave, Sir Thomas 
Glemham, and a further Demand of Colonel 
George Wray. 

Edinburgh^ April 14, 1648. 
' T17 E had Notice from the Honourable the 

* * * Parliament of Scotland, that we {hould 
have an Anfwer the laft Week to the feveral 

* Papers communicated to them from us ; and, 
fince that Time, that we {hould have an Anfwer 

* in the Beginning of this Week ; but we not rc- 

* ceiving any hitherto, think it our Duty, in a Buii- 
' nefs wherein we have fo ftril a Charge, and 
' which do fo much concern the Peace of both 
' Kingdoms, to prefs your Lordihips again for the 

* fpeedy Anfwer, efpecially to our Demand of 

* Captain Wo^an and his Troop, Sir Philip Muf- 

* grave and Sir Thomas Glemham ; the rather, be-r 

* caufe we do ftill obferve a great Concourfe of 

* Englijh 


*Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Englijb Delinquents into this Kingdom, who are 
received and harboured here; and, amongft them, 
fome Papifts that have been in Arms, who were, 
all, by former Propofitions to the King, agree<J 
to by both Kingdoms, except:d from Pardon ; 
and particularly we know that one Col. Georgs 
JVray^ who is a Papift, and was a Colonel in the 
War againft the Parliament h.'.th been for fome 
Time of late, and we believe no vV is, in this City 
of 'Edinburgh : We do therefore, upon the Grounds 
laid down in our former Papers which v. e hope do 
appear very clear to your Lordlhips, demand of 
the Parliament of Scotland^ in the Name of both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England^ that the 
faid Col. George Wray be likewife delivered to 
us, to be difpofed of as both Houfes of the Parlia- 
ment of England {hall direct j and that they may 
no longer have Shelter and Protection in this 

By Command of the Commijfioners of the Par- 
liament <j/"England, 


re The fame Da 7> A P rl1 T 9> the Lieutenant of the 
500!. Lr a Con- Tower having brought up Sir John Gayre to the 
Houfe of Lords, the Speaker commanded him to 
kneel at the Bar as a Delinquent ; which he re- 
fufed to do, and defired to be heard : But being 
commanded again to kneel, and he ftill refufing to 
do fo, the Lqrds directed him to withdraw; and 
then taking into Confideration the high Contempt 
hereby offered to their Houfe, fined him 500 /. to the 
King, to be prefently eftreated into the Exchequer. 
Sir "John Gayre being called in again, and told by 
the Speaker, That the Lords had fined him 500?. 
for his high Contempt; and the Impeachment be- 
ing then read in his Prefence, he faid, He difavow- 
ed and abhorred the Offences which he had heard 
read to him : He alfo defired a Copy of his 
Charge under the Clerk of the Parliament's Hand, 
Time to anfwer it, and that fuch CounfeJ r.s he 


of E N G L A N D. 109 

fhould defire might be afligned him; which the An. 24 Car, i 
Lords agreed to : But ordered that he fhould ftand v l548 ' t 
committed to the Lieutenant of the Toivcr, there to A ^ 
be kept in fafe Cuftody during the Pleafure of that 

April 21. A remarkable Affair relating to the 
Univerfity of Oxford, we find, is this Day entered 
in the Lords journals, which fufficiently explains 

the HEADS of a REPORT made to the Committee of 
Lords and Commons for Reformation of the Univer- 
fity of Oxford from their Vifitors, concerning all the 
Pa/ages whiljl the Earl of Pembroke, Chancellor 
of the Univerfity, was there. 

TH E Chancellor did behave himfelf in the Proceedings of 
whole Bufmefs with fmgular Zeal, Fidelity, ^7^^" 
and Patience; vindicating the Authority of Par- t h e u n ; v 
liament, encouraging all thofe that did appear for Oxford, 
the PublicGood,difcountenancingthe Malignants 
and Oppofites, and exceedingly advanced the 
Reformation of that Univerfity; and, that, he 
migh give fpecial Teftimony of his good Affec- 
tions to Piety as well as Learning, he gave to 
the Univerfity a Bible, lately printed in Frar.ce, 
in the original Tongues and other learned Lan- 
guages ; he was entertained by the Vifitors and 
theip Delegates with feveral Orations in EngHJb 
and Latin, and with many Verfes from the young 
Students, that either came to the Univerfity fince 
the Surrender of Oxford, or elfe were conftrained 
to leave the Univeriaty in the King's Time. : 
* The Chancellor and Vifitors- went to the fe- , 
veral Colleges, and inverted the feveral Heads of 
Houfes and Prebendaries of ChnJl-Church (a], 
put in by the Parliament. They were waited 

' on 

(<A Dr. fell, Dean a' Cbrift-Cbtrcb, with Dr. Garlittr,"Dr. IJJft, 
nd Dr. M'.-rlcy, Csnons, had b.en expdlcd that Uiiiverfi./ in the- 
Beginning of Manb, 

< fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

c on by fix Beadles, who were chofen in the room 

* of thofe who were withdrawn, and had taken 
' their Staves out of the Way ; fo that my Lord 
' and Vifitors had no Infignia, but a Seal which 
' the Vifitors found cafually, all the reft being de- 
' tained from them, and the Men in whole Hands 

* the Infignia were laft being withdrawn. 

c In going to the feveral Colleges, the Chancel- 
' lor and Vifitors found the feveral Societies gene- 
' rally diflaffected and difobedient to the Power of 
c the Parliament. 

' That none of them who were there in the 
' King's Time, that we could have Notice of, dkl 
' give their Attendance on the Chancellor and Vifi- 

* tors, though they had Warning to appear in the 
public Halls. 

' When they came to the feveral Colleges to in- 

* veft the Heads placed by the Parliament, none of 
' the College Gates were fet open to receive the 
' Chancellor and Vifitors ; and none of the Heads 
' of Houfes or Members of the Univerfity, of the 
c old Stock, came to prefent their Service to the 
' Chancellor, excepting two or three, whofe Intereft 

* and private Occafions brought them to him. 

' The Chancellor and Vifitors were confrrained 
4 to make their Way into feveral of their Lodgings 

* with an Iron Wedge, and to keep Pofleffion by 
' Soldiers ; and in fome Colleges where the Chan- 
' cellor and Vifitors had entered the Names of fuch 

* as were put into Places by the Parliament, they 

* were razed out again, and the Leaf torn out where 
' they were entered. 

* Dr. Sheldon, the former Warden of All-Souls, 

* was committed for his contemptuous Carriage.' 

The Committee of Lords and Commons for 
Reformation of the Univerfity of Oxford having 
prefented this Report from their Vifitors, to both 
Houfes, refpe<5Hvely, they thereupon made the fol- 
lowing Orders, viz. 

i. That 

/ ENGLAND. in 

1. < That Thanks be given to the Earl of Pern- 
c broke^ Chancellor of the Univerfity of Oxford^ for 
his great Care and Pains in fettling the faid Uni- 
c verfity according to the Authority of Parliament. 

2. ' That (in regard of the late Contempt of 
the Fellows, Ofiicers, and Members of Colleges 
in Oxford to the Authority of Parli ment) the 
Vifitors may fend a new Summons for all Fellows, 
Officers, and Members of the feveral Colleges and 
Halls ; and if they do not appear, or, appearing, {hall 
not fubmit to the Authority of Parliament in the 
Vifitation, that then the Vifitors {hall have Power 
to fufpend, for the prefent j and to certify the fame 
to the Committee of Lords and Commons for Re- 
formation of the Univerfity of Oxford j who, upon 
Certificate thereof, fhall have Power to remove and 
deprive them from their Places in the refpe&ive 
Colleges and Halls, and to expel them from the 
Univerfity ; and, upon Certificate thereof -from 
this Committee, the Heads of Houles, in their re- 
fpeclive Colleges and Halls, with the Vifitors, {hall 
put others in their Places. 

3. * That this Order be forthwith printed, and 
that the Vifitors do publifh it in the Univerfity. 

4. ' That the Burfers and Treafurers of the 
Colleges in Oxford fhall retain and keep fuch Mo- 
nies as they have received, without making any Di- 
vidend, until they fhall receive Order from the 
Committee of Lords and Commons for Reforma- 
tion of the Univerfity of Oxford: And that from 
henceforth all Tenants and fuch others, as are to 
pay any Monies, or other Duties, to any College 
in the Univerfity of Oxford, {hall pay the fame to 
the Heads of the Houfes appointed by Authority of 
Parliament refpettvely,or to thofe whom they fhall 
appoint to receive the fame, and to no other: And 
that the Acquittance of fuch Heads of Houfes, or 
of fuch as they fhall appoint to receive the fame, 
fhall be fufficicnt Warrant and Difcharge to th.e 
bveral Tenants for the Payment thereof accord^ 

'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. ingly, notwithftanding any Condition in their 

^ * * ' * Leafes to the contrary.' 

Next the Articles of Impeachment of High 
Treafon, and other high Crimes and Mifdemeanors, 
brought up from the Houfe of Commons againft 
Thomas Adams^ Alderman of the City of London^ 
were read : But, being the fame as thofe againft Sir 
"John Gayre^ which we have already given, are un- 
neceflary to be repeated. 

jfpril 22. This Day the Earl of 'Northumberland 
acquainted the Lords, that the Duke of York had 
conveyed himfelf privately from St. James's^ none 
of his Servants knowing of it. On which that 
Houfe ordered a prefent Conference with the Com- 
mons, at which the Earl was to make the Narra- 
tive of the Manner of the'Duke's Efcape,as he then 
had done. It was afterwards agreed by the Lords, 
that the Matter, to be communicated to the Com- 
mons at this Conference, fhould be as follows : 

' THAT the Lords do well remember that it 


Narrative of the was reported to both Houfes from the Com- 

Dukeof York's m ittee of Lords and Commons at Dcrby-Honfe, 
pe * upon a former Defign of the Duke of York's. going 

away, that the arl of Northwnbcrhtnd defired that 
he might not be further accountable for the Duke 
of York ; for that it appeared there was a Defign of 
taking him away, and that the Duke was conient- 
ingto it. 

4 The fame Declaration was likewife made by 
the faid Earl in the Houfe of Peers ; yet notwith- 
ftanding this Report and Declaration of the faid 
Earl, upon the Receipt of two Letters from the 
Duke of York, directed to the Spenkers of both 
Hcufes, by which he engaged his Honour and 
faith never to engcge himfelf any more in fucb 
Bufmefs, both Houfes did, by a Vote of the zd of 
1647, defire the Earl of Nsrtbumberland, 


f ENGLAND. 113 

to take the bed Care he could of the faid Duke An. 24 c. L 
and the reft of the King's Childrert, and to continue ^ i6 48^ 
them ftill under his Charge and Care; which the April, 
faid Earl did accept, fo as he might not be account- 
able if any fuch Accident fliould fall out as that 
he fliould go away. 

* Upon Confideration thereof, and the Account 
which the Earl of Northumberland hath this Day 
given, the Lords do declare, thi:t they are fully 
Satisfied that the laid E arl hath difcharged his Duty 
and Truft fo far as could be expected from him. 

The Commons gave their Concurrence to this 
Declaration of the Lords, and immediately refolved 
that the Allowance, made by Parliament to the 
Duke of firkt (hould be taken off. 

April 24. This Day there was a Call of the 
Houfe of Commons, when 306 Members were 

The fame Day more Letters and Papers from 
Scotland, were read in the Houfe of Lords : 

For the Right Honourable the Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

Edinburgh^ April 19, 1648. 
My Lord, 

IN our laft we did give your Lordfhip an Ac- Lefters.ftc.fmm 
count of the Anfwer we received from the c n^jj^nat 
Parliament of Scotland, and our Delires, if your Edinburgh. 
Lordfliip thought fit, to receive your Lordmip's 
further Directions thereupon; now we {hall only 
acquaint your Lordfliip with our Reply thereunto, 
a Copy whereof is inclofed ; and aflure your 
Lordmip of our E.eadinefs to obferve all your 
Lordlhip's Commands unto, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordfnip's mo/? faithful Servant, 
VOL. XVII. H n* 


An. 24 Car. I. 



*fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

April 19, to the Parliament of SCOTLAND, in 
Anfwer to theirs of the iltb. 

Edinburgh, April 19, 1648. 

\\7 E have received your Lordfhips Anfwer of 
* V the 1 2th of this Inftant April^ 1648, where- 
in we do not find any thing of thofe Papers 
which were delivered, in order to the giving Satif- 
faction unto this Kingdom concerning fuch 
Monies as are due to them, and to the Scots Army 
in Ireland^ from the Kingdom of England; where- 
in both Houfes of the Parliament of England are 
moft willing to do any thing in their Power, for 
the real Performance of their Engagements. 
' For that which your Lordfhips mention, con- 
cerning our Commiflion and Credential Letters ; 
we muft affirm, that although our Letters of 
Credence were only dire&ed to the Honourable 
the Parliament of Scotland^ yet we did fhew unto 
the Right Honourable the Lord Chancellor, who 
was lent to us from the Honourable the Commit- 
tee of Eftates, that, by our Inftruclions, we had 
Commiflion and Command t3 make Addrefs unto 
that Committee: However, we do gladly take 
Notice of your Lordfhip's Readinefs to continue 
the good Correfpondency betwixt both King- 
doms, and the Declaration of your Refolutions to 
keep inviolably, on your Part, the happy Union 
to which both Kingdoms are folemnly engaged 
by the Covenant and Treaties ; and as we have 
feveral Times already, fo now again we do, in the 
Name of both Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 
land, declare, That it is their Refolution to keep 
the Union inviolably, on their Part ; and we 
{hall hope that both] Kingdoms (having to their 
former Engagements' added thefe mutual Declara- 
tions of their real Intentions therein) will be 
careful not to do any tHing which may increafe 
Jealoufies, or prov.oke one another to break the 
Union, which is fo much hoped, defired, and 

' endeavoured 

^ENGLAND, 115 

* endeavoured by thofe that are Enemies to both Al >- *+ Car. I. 

t V J 104&. 

' rLmgdoms. . , ' . ^* 

* For thofe Deflres your Lordftiips mention, gi- April, 

* ven in by your Commiflioners to the Parliament 

* of England, we are confident they will do there- 

* in what (hall be fit to mani eft their Defire of a 
4 Brotherly Union with the Kingdom of Scotland. 

' For the Anfwer your LoixHhips were pleafed to 

* give to our Demands of Capt. Wogan and his 
' Troop, Sir Philip Muf^rave and Sir Thomas 

* Glemham ; if it were only according to your 

* Lordftiips Papers, that, by the Acl of Pacification 
' and Oblivion, they Were fuch as were to be re- 
' ferred to their Trial by Law, yet that, as we con- 

* ceive, doth imply a Ground and Juftification of 
' our Demands} for they being in this Kingdom 

* we cannot bring them to Trial* feeing we cannot 

* purfue them hither by Force, until the Parlia- 

* ment or Eftates of this Kingdom do deliver them 

* into .our Hands, which Was the Sum of our De- 

* mands : But it is moft cleaf without Difpute, in 

* one of the laft Claufes in the faid A6t, that no 

* Perfons who fhall be cenfured by the Parliament 

* of England, as thefe are, fhould have Shelter or 
' Protection in the Kingdom of Scotland ; and if 

* your Lordftiips had but proceeded at prefent to 
' fuch a Refolution, it might poflibly have prevent- 

* ed Affronts and Threatnings to us from fome 

* Englijhmen here, who have been in Arms againft 
the Parliaments of both Kingdoms H>wever, we 

* do not now intend to trouble your Lordftiips with 

* any thing of our own particular Concernments. 

4 We do further defire your Lordfliips to perufe 
that Claufe in the faid Act, wherein it is pro- 

* vided, That in cafe any of the Subjefls, of any of the 

* Kingdoms, Jhall rife in Arms, or make Jf^ar againft 

* any other of the Kingdoms and Subjefts thereof \ ivith- 

* out Lonfent of the Parliament of that Kingdotfi 

* whereof they are SubjeRs, or upon which they de- 
' pend, that they Jhall be held, reputed, and deemed 

* as Traitors to the States whereof they are Subjefis ; 

H 2 a*d 


. Parliamentary HISTORY 

and that both the Kingdoms^ in that Cafe, be bound tb 
concur in the repr effing of thofe that Jhail happen to 
arife in Arms^ or make War without Confent of their 
own Parliament : From whence we do obferve, 
That if any of the Subjects of the Kingdom of 
England^ in Arms, without the Confent of the 
Parliament of England^ as Capt. Wogan and his 
Troop were in Cumberland and other Parts of 
England^ and Sir Philip Mufarave t Sir Thomas 
Glemhatri) and Col. George Wray are, havingbeen 
Commanders in the War againft the Parliament 
of England, and not pardoned by them ; although 
they thould not make War againft any other of 
the Kingdoms or Subje&s thereof, yet both King- 
doms are bound to reprefs them : Upon which 
and all the abovefaid Grounds, we do infift upon 
our former Papers $ that the aforefaid Perfons, be- 
ing now in this Kingdom, may be, by your Lord- 
fhips Power and Authority^ delivered unto us.' 
By Command of the CommiJJioners of the Parlia- 
ment 0/" England, 


Pojl Merid. The Lords took into Confideration 
an additional Inftru&ion to be fent to their Com- 
miflioners in Scotland ; but firft read over all the 
Papers, before given, delivered to the Scots Parlia- 
ment by the CommiffionerSj according to their 
different Dates* 

^/"Nottingham, Henry Earl c/"Stamfcrd, Bryan 
Stapylton, Robert Goodwyn, William Afhurft, 
andjo\\n Birch, Efqrs. CotnmiJJioners from the Par- 
liament of England to the Parliament of Scotland, 
or any two of them. 

H E R E A S both Houfes of the Parliament 
of England have formerly given you Inftruc- 
tions to demand from the Parliament of Scotland, 
that Capt. Wogan^ and his Officers that are Eng- 
KjbmtH, and alfo the Eriglijh Officers of any the' 
Forces that may be palTed over out of this King- 

* dom 

of ENGLAND. 117 

' dom Into Scotland-^ as alfo all fuch Officers and Fe- An- 24. Car. I. 

* formadoes now in Scotland, as you fhall find to t 

4 have at any Time ferved the King againft the Apri i t 
4 Parliament, may be all forthwith apprehended, 

* ecured. and delivered over to you, to be fent Pri- 
4 foners into England ; and that all private Soldiers 
' may be difmountcd, difperfed, and fent home. 

4 And whereas you "have, in purfuance of the 
4 faid Instructions, demanded Capt. fflogan and 
c othersj and have received from the Parliament 
4 of Scotland a Paper of the 1 2th of April for an 
4 Anfwer to the faid Demand, both which Demand 
4 and Paper you have tranfmitted to the Houfes, 
' who have thereupon refolved, That 'the Anfwer 
4 given to you by the Parliament of Scotland, of the 
4 1 2th of is not fatisfactory : 

4 You are therefore hereby required and autho- 
4 rized to infift upon your former Demands, as to 
4 thofe Perfons demanded, notwithftanding the faid 
4 Anfwer, and to proceed further, as by your In- ,r 

' ftructions you are appointed, 

The Parliament now began to think the Scots In 
Earneft for a War, and therefore iflued out Money 
for repairing the Fortifications of Neivcajlle^ Tin- 
mouth Caftle, //w//, and other Northern Fortrefies. 
They alfo appointed a public Faft to be held on the; 
2otb, for feeking God^ in fervent Prayer, for his 
Blefling upon their Confutations and Proceedings : 
And the following Declaration thereupon was or- 
dered to be fent, by the LorJ Mayi r, to the Mini-* 
fters of the feverai Congregations. 

4 VY/Hatfover Dangers are threatened or feared, Declaration OEJ 
' ** either by Divifion amongft ourfelves, O r occafion ^ a 
4 Practices from Enemies abroad, we have ArTu- pu 1C a 
4 ranee out of the Word of God, that we are not at 
4 all in the leaft Danger, if God Almighty be not 

* incenfed againft us for our Sins and Wickednefs j 

4 which our Confciences teftify that he is exceed- , 
4 ingly againft every one of us in particular, and th$ 
* Kingdom in general ; yet we believe, that if we 
H 3 4 do. 



7&? Parliamentary HISTORY 

do heartily and fincerely hun.ble ourfelves, and 
turn to f ^ e kord, crying mightily to him in fer- 
vent P ra y er > with a lively Faith in Cbrifl, we 
ihall certainly be delivered from all Evils and 
Dangers, and enjoy all needful Bleflings and Be- 
nefits to the whole State and Kingdom j there- 
fore the feveral Minifterj within the Cities of Lon- 
don and Wejlminfter, and the late Lines of Commu- 
nication, in their reflective Congregations, arq 
defired, upon this enfuing Day of Humiliation, 
being the 26th of this Inftant April, earneftly to 
feek the Lord, who is the God of all Wifdom 
and Help, in much Mercy to this fmful and di~ 
ftra&ed Nation, fo to direct and blefs the Coun- 
cils and Proceedings of the Parliament at this pre- 
fent, that his heavy Judgments may be diverted 
from us, and Truth and Peace eftablilhed through- 
out the three Kindoms.' 

April 26. This Day Alderman Adams was 
brought to the Bar of the Houfe of Lords, to re- 
Lords on the ceive his Charge of High Treafon, and other high 
Impeachment Crimes and Mifdemeanors brought up from the 
linflAidcrnun Houfe of Commons aga i n fl- him ; where, being 
commanded to kneel as a Delinquent, he defired to 
be excufed from kneeling; which Anfwer the Lords 
took for a Contempt ; and, after commanding him 
to withdraw, fined him 500 /. to be eftreated into 
the Exchequer, and levied forthwith. 

Then he was called in again, and the Speaker 
told him, That their Lordfhips had fined him 5od/, 
for his high Contempt to that Houfe, in ref ufmg to 
kneel at their Bar ; and then commanded his 
Charge to be publickly read to him, which was ac- 
cordingly done. Next the Speaker told him, he 
(hould have a Copy of his Charge, if he defired it, 
and Council aligned him ; which was accordingly 

Then was fhewn him a Paper, which the Lieu- 
tenant of the Tower delivered to the Houfe, as fent 
to him fr< m the faid Alderman Adams ; and the 
Speaker sflced him, Whether the faid Writing, 


of ENGLAND. 119 

j&ow {hewed him, be his Hand- Writing or not; and An - 2 4 Car> 
whether he will allow the Center ts of it? His An- . l6 * 8 ' 
fwer was, That he did acknowledge the Hand April . 
Writing to be his, and avowed the Matter therein 
contained. The journals leave us in the Dark as 
to the Subject-Matter of this Paper : But we have 
met with a Copy of it, printed in a Pamphlet of the 
Times, as follows (a) : 

To our Honoured Friend Colonel TICHBURN, Lieu- 
tenant of the Tower. 

* \\7 E received a Paper from you, feeming to 

* * * authorize you to carry our Perfons before 
' the Lords to anfwer to a Charge. We are con- 

* ftrained to inform you hereby, that our Perfons 

* ought not to be hurried to and fro, or difturbed 

* at the Pleafure of any Man ; neither can we 

* yield Obedience to 1 the Commands of any, which 
' are not legal : And therefore, in cafe you intend 
4 to difturb us on Tuefday next, we expect to fee a 

* legal Warrant from fome Perfon or Court which 

* have a Jurifdiction over us in cafe of a real or 

* fuppofed Crime : And we muft acquaint you, 

* That the Lords have no legal Power to fummon 
^ us to anfwer to any Crime whereof we are accufed 
' or fufpecledj and therefore you muft expect to 
' anfwer for whatfoever Injury you offer to our 

* Perfons. And know hereby, that we {hall not 
' voluntarily go from hence to Wejlmlnjler by vir- 

* tue of the Paper received, but {hall fuffer you to 

* carry us, if you {hall fend a Force which we can- 
' not refift.' 

Your Friends and Servants^ 

from cur Chanbtr, in THOMAS ADAMS, 



H 4 Hereupon 

) London, printed for J. Norris, April i^, 1648. The Sccor.d 
Edition correfted. In the Title Page it is defued to be read in all 
the Parifli Churches of England and Wales, publickly and openly, 
that fo the People thereby may be inftruftcd in their Laws and 
Liberties. * ' 

120 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

14 Car. I. Hereupon the Lord? ordered, l That AldermaK 
Adams {hail ftand comn itced to the Tower of Lon- 
don up n the Charge of High Treafon, and other 
high Crimes and Mifdemeanors brought up from the 
Houfe of Commons againft him, there to remain. 
during the further Pleafure o! fiis Houfe.' 

Alderman Lang- Next John Langham and James Bunce, Aldermen, 

ham, andAdcr- wer e called in fcparaiely, and both fet to the Bar, 

nun Buace. an( j commanc j e( } to knee} ; which they alfo refufmg, 

were each fined 500 /. for their Contempt, and 

were remanded back to the Tower. The Fines were 

ordered to be eftreated forthwith, and Copies of the 

Writs for thatPuqo r e are entered in the Journals.' 

Information of ^ n ^ e ^ ^ th ' s Month Information had been 
the Scots -mend- made upon Oath, before the Lord Mayer of Low- 
ing to march up f j on ^ by one John-Everard, *' That he being in Bed, 
to Londtn ; at ^ Garter Inn at Wmdfor, three D.tys before, 
over-heard fome Gentlemen in the next Chamber 
(who he believed were Officers of General Fair- 
fax's Army) difcourfing together to this Effect; 
That they doubted not but the Scots U'o;Jd come /', and 
that the City ^/"London would join with the Scots ; 
for preventing of u;hi:h they found no M ay but to dif- 
arm the City^ Friend and Foe ; qnd aftenvards they 
would intimate, thai fuch as were Friends to the Army 
Jhcul'l come forth into the Fields and there be armed^ 
and aljy maintained at the Charge of the Citizens^ fo 
long as was thought ft to continue 'them, and fo keep the 
reft in awe : That the City Jhwid "tvc.n.e a Million of 
Money, or elfe be plundered: And that they had a- 
qu3in(t>d CommiJ/ary-Generallrctvn therewith. Here- 

^ Th f ^ Mayor, Aldermen^ and 

rom Common Council of London prefenied a Petition 

the Chy of L-.n- tn V- i'ri Houfes, (to which was annexed a Copy 

HOUJ b0lh ^ Everard's Information) fetting forth that they 

had received divers Reports to the fame EtFecl, by 

Letters from different Parts of the Kingdom, and 


of E N <3 L A N D. 121 

from abroad ; and therefore defiring that a proper An. 24 Car. 
Examination might be made into this Bufmefs, l6<lS - 
and fuch Gourfe taken therein as the Houfes fhould * T^ 
think fit : Alfo that the Chains of the City, which 
had been lately taken down, might be fet up again : 
The Army be removed to a farther Diftance : 
And that an Ordinance might pafs to appoint Ma- 
jor-Gentral Sfcippon to be Major-General over 
the Forces of the City, and within the Lines of 
Communication and Bills of Mortality, for De- 
fence of them and the ParlLmenr; to whom the 
City refolveJ to adhere according to the Solemn 
League and Covenant. 

The Lords gave the Petitioners Thanks for therr 
good Affections and Refolutions to adhere to the 
Parliament according to the Covenant : That as to 
the ' fet ting up apiin the Chains of the City, they 
leave it to the Lord-Mayor and Common-Council 
to do as they think fit: And that as to Major-Gene- 
ral Skippon, he being a Member of the Houfe of 
Commons, they can do nothing without the Aifent 
of that Houfe, but will take the Matter into farther 

The fame Petition, with a Copy of Everard's 
Information, was prefented to the Houfe of Com- 
mons, who approved the Defires of the Lord Mayor 
and Common Council concerning Major-General 
Skippon; ordered the Militia to fee the Chains fet 
up again ; and gave their Thanks to the Petitioners. 
The Speaker was alfo ordered to acquaint them, 
Tnat the Oceafnn of Part of the Army's being 
driwn fo near, was the late Tumults ; that the. 
Houfe would take this Bufmefs into Confideration, 
and proceed thereupon in fuch Manner as might be 
moft for the Good and Safety of the Parliament 
and City, fo far as thereby they might receive Satif- 

April 28. Under the great Confirmation the 
Parliament was then in, it is natural to fuppofe that 
-they might once more have caft their Eyes on the 
King; and endeavour to oblige the Scotn, by Soften- 

122 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

in thofe rigorous Votes they had patted againft any 
Reconciliation with him. Accordingly we find, 
in the 'Journals of the Commons, that a Queftion 
was propofed in that Houfe this Day, That they 
Votes of the w ^l not a ^ ter the fundamental Government of the 
Commons reUt- Kingdom, by King, Lords, and Commons. And 
ing to the Set- anot h e r Queftion being alfo put, Whether this 

NaTio" Word wl11 fo uld be in il ? ifc was carried in the 

Affirmative, 165 againft 99 ; fo that it was refol- 
ved upon the Queftion, c That they will not alter 
the Fundamental Government of the Kingdom by 
King, Lords, and Commons.' 

After which it was refolved, ' That the Matter 
of the Propofitions fent to the King at Hampton- 
' Court, by Confent jof both Kingdoms, fhall be the 
Ground of the Debate for the Settlement of the 
Peace of the Kingdom.' Thefe Words, That the 
Matter of, were prefixed to the Refolution, after 
Debate, by a Majority of 108 againft 105. 

Next it was propofed, * That Leave be given to 
any Members of this Houfe, in Debate of the Set- 
tlement of the Kingdom, to propound any thing 
for the fame as they fhall think fit, notwithftanding 
the Votes of the third of January laft ;' which 
was carried alfo in the Affirmative, by 146 againft 


May i. A Letter from Colonel Jones, in Ireland, 
was read : 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of LORDS. 

Dublin, April 19, 1648. 
Right Honourable, 

Col. Jones'* Let- 
ter concerning 
the State of ire- 

the great 
and the 

T Shall reprefent to the Officers here 
* Senfe you have of their Condition, 
plentiful Supplies made by you for this Service, 
which cannot but be unto all of them of very 
great Encouragement, for the going through the 
Work in all Chearfulnefs ; and for the more full 
enabling us thereto, I make bold thus again ear- 
neftly to prefs Supplies of Horfe and Foot, with- 

' out 

of E N G L A N D. 123 

* out which, notwithftanding all other ProvifionAn. 24 Car. I. 
4 made, nothing coniiderable can be expected to be 

* done by us ; your Army here being fo far weak- M 

* ened that, at prefent, we ftand but in a defenfive 
' Pofture only. 

* The Expences therein formerly dilburfed, to 
' go no further than recruiting, is 200 /. to each 
4 Troop ; which, among the 35 Troops here, a- 
' mourueth to 7000 /. and the thirteen Regiments 

* of Foot, at 5c o Men to each Regiment, and 20J. 
' to each Man, is 6500 /. fo as for recruiting both 

* Horfe and Foot, the Charge would be 13,5007. 
' befides their Quarters until they be fhipped. It 

* will be a Sum very well fpent, thereby gaining 
' this Province, a confiderable Part of the King T 
4 dom ; and whatfoever (hall be fo difburfed, being 
' to be trebly recompenced in what fhall be fpared 
' in your Magazines, by our after living upon the 

* Enemy's Qusrters. I prefs this the more earneft- 
' ly, that, being fo fupplied, all other Preparations 

* be not loft in our lying ftill ; that thereby alfo I 
' may be in a Condition for overpowering and fup- 
' preffing Malignants j whom, having Power in my 

* Hands, I fhall fecure from hurting ; and, by fuchi 
e Supplies timely made over to us, I am very confi^ 

* dent, with God's Blefling, this Province may be 

* fpeedily reduced; which, with the reft of the 

* Kingdom, hath already held out againft you in al- 

* moft a feven Years War, with fuch vaft Expence 
' of Blood and Treafure. 

* The Iniquity of the Times and Malignity of 
1 fome is fo great, that I (hall dcfire, as formerly 

* I have often defired, that, for better Satisfaction 

* in this zealous Age, fome one of Place, Power. 

* and Abilities may be thence defigned for the Ma- 

* nagement of your Affairs here, under whom I 

* fhall ferve with all Chearfulnefs ; refolving, to the 
laft of my Power, Life, and Fortune, to be to the 

* Public, and therein to your Lordfhip, 

A moji con/i ant faithful Servant, 


May 2. 

t fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

2 ' ^ ^ etter fr m the Parliament of 
elated at Edinburgh, Jpril26, 1648, was read* 

70 the Right Honourable the SPEAKER of the Houfe 
of PEERS pro Ternpore, to be communicated to the 
LORDS and COMMONS afjembled in the Parliament 
^England at Weftminfter, 

Right Honourable, 

Another from < np H E Parliament of Scotland, now aflernbled s 
' bein g refolved. by all fair and juft Means, 

' to endeavour the preferving and maintaining the 
' brotherly Union and good Correfpondency be- 

* twrxt the Kingdoms, to which by fo many Bonds 
< and Ties, they are mutually obliged ; yet being 

* very fenfible that the many juft and neceflary 

* Deflres, given in by their Commiflioners, by Or-, 

* der from this Kingdom, for the Good of Reli- 
' gion, of his Majefty, and for the Intereft of Scot- 

* land y have not received a fatisfaftory A,nfwer ; 
c and confidering the many great and imminent 
' Qangers threatening Religion, his Majefty's Per- 
' fon and Authority, yea Monarchical Government 

* itfelf, and the Peace and Union of thefe two 
' Kingdoms of Sc.tlandznd England, by the Power 
' and Prevalance of Sectaries and their Ad- 
' herents, have thought fit to make thefe juft 
' and neceflary Demands to the HonourablesHoufes 
' of the Parliament of England^ to which the Par- 

* liament deftres a clear 2nd fatisfa&ory Anfwer ^ 
' not having the leaft Thought or Intention to in- 
4 croach upon the National "Rights of the King- 
Vdom of England, nor to entrench upon the Pri- 

* yileges of Parliament ; but their Zeal to the 

* Glory of God, their Loyalty to their King, and 

* their Defire of Unity betwixt the Kingdoms, 

* have moved them to make thcfe inclofed Dc- 

* mands, whereby Religion may be fettled accord- 

* ing to the Covenant, his Majefty may enjoy his 

* Freedom and juft Rights ; and fo, by fettling a 

* religious and fafe Peace, the preieiit Confufion& 

1 and 


and Diftempers may be removed, and all Occa- 
fions of Miftakes and Differences betwixt the 
two Kingdorrs prevented. 
* This is all I have in Command from the Par- 
liament, in whofe Name this is fubfcribed by, 
Tour LordJM.p's affectionate Friend, 

and bumble Servant, 
LOUD ON, Cam: 
Prefident of the Parliament: 

of the Parliament of 
Honourable Houfes of the Parliament of England, 
"referred to in the foregoing. 

Edinburgh, April 2^, 1648. 

I. < t T is defired, that an effectual Courfe be And the!r ^ 
* * taken by the Houfes, for enjoining the Co- fires touching 

* venant to be taken by all the Subjects of the Jj| j^" 1 ^' 
Crown of England, conform to the firft Article " 
of the Treaty, and conform to the Declaration 
of both Kingdoms^ in Anno 1643 ; by which all 
who would not take the Covenant, were declared 
to be public Enemies to Religion and the Coun- 
try, and that they are to be cenfured and punifh- 
ed as profefled Adverfaries and Malignants ; and 
that Reformation and Uniformity in Religion 
be fettled according to the Covenant : That 
as the Houfes of Parliament have agreed to the 
Directory of Worfhip, fo they would take a 
real Courfe for pralifing thereof by all the Sub- 
jects of England and Ireland: That the Confef- 
fion of Faith, tranfmitted by the AiFembly of Di- 
vines to the Houfes, be approved j and that Pref- 
byterian Church-Government, with a Subordina- 
tion of the lower AfTembiies to the higher, be fet- 
tled and fully eftabliflied in England and Ireland; 
and that effe&ual Courfe be taken for iupprefling 
and extirpating all Herefies and Schifms, particu- 
larly Socixianijm, Arminianifm, Arianifm, Ana- 
baptifm^ Antinomiinifm^ Erajilanifrn, Familifm y 
Brown fa, an J Independency ; and for perfect- 
ing of w.iat is yet further^to be done, for extirpat- 

' ing 

1 26 The Parliamentary H r s T o R Y 

ing Popery and Prelacy, and fuppreffing the Prac- 
tice of the Service-Book, commonly called The 
Book of Englim. Common Prayer. 

II. ' That, conform to the former Defires of 
this Kingdom, the King's Majefty may come 
with Honou , Freedom, and Safety to fome of his 
Houfes in or near London, that the Parliaments of 
both Kingdoms may make their Applications to 
him, for obtaining his Royal Affent to fuch De- 
fires as (hall be by them prefented to him for 
eftablilhing of Religion as is above exprefled, 
and fettling a well-grounded Peace. 

III. * That all the Members of both Houfes, 
who have been faithful in this Caufe, may freely 
and fafely return and attend their Charges ; the 
City of London may enjoy its Liberties and Privi- 
leges which k had before the late Encroachment 
of the Army ; the Parliament may fit and vote 
with Freedom and Safety ; roth Kingdoms with- 
out Interruption or Difturbance, may make their 
Applications to his Majefty; and the fettling of 
Religion and Peace may not longer be hindered 
and obftrucled ; it is defired, that the prefent 
Army of Sectaries, under the Command ofTbomat 
Lord Fairfax of Cameron, be difbanded ; and none 
employed but fuch as have or fhall take the Co- 
venant, and are well-affe&ed to Religion and Go- 
vernment ; excepting from the faid Difbanding 
the Garrifons neceflary to be kept up by the Par* 
liament of Eng/andfor the Security of that King- 
dom, which are defired to be commanded by fuch 
as have or mail take the Covenant, and are well- 
afte&ed to Religion and Government as aforefaid, 

LOUDON, Cane: 

Prejident of Parliament. 

The Speaker further declared, that the MefTen- 
ger that brought this Letter told him, he had Di- 
rections from the Parliament of Scotland to ftay 
in England but fifteen Days after the Delivery of 
2 this 

of ENGLAND. 127 

this Letter : whereupon the Lords ordered it to be An> *4 Car. j. 
immediately communicated to the Commons. t _' * ' . 


The Scots had frequently exprefled a Jealoufy of 
the Parliament's falling off from their Solemn 
League and Covenant. To remove, therefore;, all 
fuch Imputations, they pafled, this Day, the fol- 
lowing Inquifitorial Ordinance (a) : It is not print- 
ed in Mr. Ru/hworth's Collections ; and Mr. Whit- 
locks only fays of it, * The Ordinance againft 
Blafphemy and Herefy, in fome Cafes the Punifh- 
ment being Death, in other Cafes Abjuration, fffr. 
pafled both Houfes j but not without much Oppo- 
fition ().' 

"C* O R the preventing of the Growth and An Ordinance 

Spreading of Herefy and Blafphemy, be it for fupprefling of 
ordained by the Lords and Commons in this pre- Herefy and Blaf- 
fent Parliament aflembled, That all fuch Perfons pheBDy> 
as fhall, from and after the Date of this prefent 
Ordinance, willingly, by Preaching, Teaching, 
Printing, or Writing, maintain and publifli that 
there is no God j or that God is not prefent in all 
Places ; doth not know and foreknow all Things ; 
or that he is not Almighty } that he is not per- 
fectly holy ; or that he is not eternal ; or that the 
Father is not God, the Son is not God, or that 
the Holy Ghoft is not God, or that they three are 
not one eternal God : Or that fhall, in like 
Manner, maintain and publifli, that Chrijt is not 
God equal with the Father j or {hall deny the 
Manhood of Cbri/t; or that the Godhead and 
Manhood of Chr'ift are feveral Natures ; or that 
the Humanity of Chrift is pure and unfpotted of 
all Sin : Or that (hall maintain and publifli, as 
aforefaid, that Chri/i did not die, nor rife from the 
Dead, nor is afcended into Heaven bodily ; or 
that ihall deny his Death is meritorious in the Be- 
half of Believers ; or that (hall maintain and pub- 
lifli as aforefaid, That Jefut Chriji is not the Son 


(a] From Sctbtll's Col'eftioa of Aftsand Ordinance*. 
(*) Memsr:a!s t p. 302. 

1 2 8 'ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

-^Car.i. of God; or that the Holy Scriptures of the OH 

v . ' ; * and New Teftament, are not the Word of God ; 

May. ' r that the Bodies of Men (hall not rife again 

* after they are dead ; or that there is no Day of 
' Judgment after Death: All fuch maintaining 

* and publifhing of fuch Errors, with Obftinacy 
' therein* (hall, by virtue hereof, be adjudged 

< Felony ; arid all fuch Perfons, upon Complaint 
' and Probf made of the fame, in any of the Cafes 
' aforefaid, before any two of the next Juftices of 
' the Peace for that Place or County, by the Oaths 

< of two Witnefies,- (which faid Juftices of the 
e Peace, in fuch Cafes, fhall hereby ruve Power to 
' adminifter) or Confeflion of the Party, the faid 

* Party fo accufed fhall be, by the faid Juftices of 
' the Peace, committed to Prifon, without Bail or 

* Mainprize, until the next Goal-Delivery to b6 
' holden for that Place or County ; and the Wit* 
c hefTes likewife {hall be bound over by the faid 
' Juftices unto the faid Goal-Delivery, to give in 

* their Evidence : And at the faid Goal-Delivery 
4 the Party fhall be indicted for publifhing and 

* maintaining fuch Error : And in Cafe the Indicl- 
' ment be found, and the Party, upon his Trial, 

* {hall not abjure his faid Error, he (hall fuffer the 

* Pains of Death, as in Cafe of Felony^ without 

* Benefit of Clergy. But in Cafe he {hall abjure 

* his faid Error, he {hall neverthelefs remain in 
e Prifon until he {hall find two Sureties that {hall 

* be bound with him, before two or more Juftices 

* of the Peace or Gaol-Delivery, that he {hall not 
' from thenceforth publifli or maintain the faid 

* Errors any more : And the faid Juftices {hall 

* hereby have Power to take Bail in fuch Cafes. 

' That in cafe any Perfon^ formerly indicted for 

* publiftiing and maintaining fuch erroneous Opi- 
' nions as aforefaid, and abjuring the fame, {hall 
' neverthelefs agdn publifti and maintain his former 
' Errors, and the fame be proved as aforefaid, he 
1 {hall be committed to Prifon as formerly, and at 

* the next Goal-Delivery {hall be indicted as afore- 
1 faid. And in cafe the Indi&inent be then found 

6 upon 

of E N G L A N D. 129 

* opon the Trial; and it fliall appear that the Party An. 94- car. I. 
' was formerly convicted of the fame Error, and ab- ^ * * 8 j 

* jured the fame, the OfFender.mall fuffer Death as j^^ 

* in Cafe of Felony, without Benefit of Clergy. 

' That every Perfon that fhall publifh and main- 

* tain any of the following Errors, viz. That all 
' Men fliall be faved ; or that Man, by Nature, 

* hath Free-will to turn to God ; or that God 

* may be worfhiped in or by Pictures or Images ; 
' or that the Soul of any Man, after Death, goeth 
' neither to Heaven or Hellj but to Purgatory; or 

* that the Soul of Man dieth or fleepeth when the 
' Body is dead ; or that Revelations or the Work- 

* ings of the Spirit arc a Rule of Faith or Ch'ri- 
s ftian Life, though contrary to the written Word 

* of God 5 or that Man is bound to believe no 

* more than by his Reafon he can comprehend ; 

* or that the Moral Law of God t contained in the 

* Ten Commandments^ is no Rule of Chriftian 
' Life ; or that a Believer need not repent or pray 

* for Pardon of Sins } or that the two Sacraments 

* of Baptifm and the Lord's Supper are npt Ordi- 
' nances commanded by the Word of God j or 
' that the Baptizing of Infants is unlawful, or fuch 
' Baptifm is void, and that fuch Perfons ought to 
' be baptized again, and in purfuance thereof (hall 
' baptize any Perfon formerly baptized j or that 
' the Obfervation of the Lord's Day, as it is en- 

* joined by the Ordinances and Laws of this Realm, 
c is not according or is contrary to the Word of 
' God ; or that it is not lawful to join in public 

* Prayer or Family Prayer, or to teach. Children 

* to pray j or that the Churches of England are no 

* true Churches, nor their Minifters and Ordi- 
' nances true Minifters and Ordinances ; or that 
' the Church-Government by Prefbytery is Anti- 

* chriftian or unlawful ; or that Magiftracy, or the 

* Power of the Civil Magiftrate, by Law eftablifh- 

* ed in England, is unlawful ; or that all Ufe of 

* Arms, though for the Public Defence, and be 
' the Caufe never fojuft, is unlawful j and in cafe 

* the Party accufed of fuch Publishing and Main- 
VOL. XVII. I taining 

1%e Parliamentary Hrst6RV 

taining of any of the faid Errors, (hall be thereof 
convicted by the Teftimony of two or more Wit^ 
nefles upon Oath, orConfeffion of the faid Party 
before two of the next Juftices of the Peace for 
the faid Place or County, whereof one to be of 
the Quorum^ (who are hereby required and au- 
thorized to fend for Witnefles, and examine upon 
Oath in fuch Cafes in the Prefence of the Party) 
the Party fo convicted (hall be ordered by the faid 
Juftices to renounce his faid Errors in the public 
Congregation of the fame Parilh from whence 
the Complaint doth come, or where the Offence 
was committed ; and in cafe he refufeth or neg- 
lcteth to perform the fame, at the Time and 
Place appointed by the faid Juftices, then he (hall 
be committed to Prifon by the faid Juftices, until 
he (hall find two fufficieht Sureties before two 
Juftices of Peace for the faid Place or County, 
(whereof one fhall be of the Quorum] that he (hall 
not publifh or maintain the faid Errors any more. 
* Provided, That no Attainder, by virtue hereof, 
fhall extend either to the Forfeiture of the Eftate 
Real or Perfonal offuchPerfon attainted, or Cor- 
ruption of fuch Perfon's Blood.' 

May 6. Petitions having come up from feveral 
Counties to the Parliament, to fettle the Govern- 
menti and reftore the public Peace : Hereupon, 
the Houfe of Commons thought proper to fend up 
fome Votes to the Lords for their Concurrence, 
which were agreed to, and are as follow : 
Votes of both * ' That they do declare, that they will not al- 
Houfes in favour ter the Fundamental Government of the Kingdom 
***** l by King, Lords* and Commons. 
ZL ' 2. .< That they do declare themfelves fully re- 

folved to maintain and preferVe inviolably the So- 
lemn League and Covenant, and the Treaties be- 
tween the Kingdoms of England and Scotland - t 
and that they fhall be ready to join with the King- 
dom of Scotland in the Proportions agreed on by 
both Kingdoms, prefented to the King at Hampton- 

of E N 6 L A N D. 131 

Court, for the making fuch further Proceedings An> *4 Car I 
thereupon, as (hall bethought fit for the Settlement L 
of the Peace of both Kingdoms, and the Preferva- 
tion of the Union according to the Covenant and 

3. That this laft Vote be fent to the Commif- 
fioriers in Scotland, to be by them communicated to 

the Parliament in that Kingdom.' Thefe Votes 

were carried in the Houfc of Commons without any 

Next another Vote was read about a Defire o 
fending to the Parliament in Scotland, for them to 
fend Commiflioners into England; which being put 
to the Queftion was carried in the Negative by the 
Lords. But, notwithftanding thefe feeming paci- 
fic Proceedings, the Houfe of Commons took Care 
to make Peace Sword in Hand, by paffing a Vote 
this Day, on a Divifion of 127 againft 76, That 
the feven Norhern Counties be forthwith put into a 
Pofture of Defence. 

About this Time came Advice that the Duke of 
Torky who had lately made his Efcape from the 
Earl of Northumberland^ was arrived at the Hague, 
where he was kindly received by his Sifter, the 
Princefs Royal of Orange. The Manner of his 
Highnefs's Efcape, and the Circumftances that 
occafioned it, are particularly related by Lord 
Clarendon (d). 

May 9. This Day the following Inftru&ion for 
the Parliament's Commiflioners at Edinburgh, 
brought up from the Houfe of Commons, were 
agreed to by the Lords* 

' \7 O U or any two of you, are to fignify to the A further in- 
* Parliament of Scotland, or, they not fit- *K th * 

,. 10 T*A ' rt. Cumtniflioneuia 

* ting, to the Committee of the of the Scotland. 
' Kingdom, That the Town of Berwick and the 
' City of Carlijle are furprized by fome Ddin- 
I 2 * quents, 

(a) Vol. V. w;. Edition,?. 130. 

City of London, < 
relating to thck 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

quents, Enemies to both Kingdoms, that were 
lately in that Kingdom ; and we are informed it 
is done by fome of thofe that were demanded of 
the Parliament of Scotland.* 

Ordered alfo, * That the General be defired 
forthwith to go down into the North, with fuch 
Forces as he (hall think fit, to reduce the Places 
in thofe Parts, feized on and poflefled by Delin- 
quents and Enemies to the Kingdoms j and for 
preventing any Danger that may accrue to thofe 
Parts, or to the Difturbance and Danger of the 
Peace of the Kingdoms.' 

The fame Day a Petition from the Lord Mayor, 
Aldefmen and Common-Council, of London^ was 
prefented to the Houfe of Commons, fetting forth, 
Petition from the ' That they are willing to undertake the guard- 
ing of the Houfes, the Militia being fettled, and 
they authorized fo to do : 

' That their Nomination of the Lieutenant of 
the Tower being fufpended, Importation of Bul- 
lion hindered, and Merchandizing diverted, Trade 
is much decayed : 

* They therefore pray that the Committee of 
the Militia may be nominated by the Common- 
Council, to be approved by both Houfes of Par- 
liament ; and the like for the Lieutenant of the 
Tower j that the Soldiers now there, may be re- 
moved ; and that the Merchants may be invited 
to bring in Bullion.' 

The Commons having pafled feveral Votes ac- 
cording to thefe Defires of the Petitioners, the 
Speaker acquainted them therewith ; and told 
them, ' The Houfe doubted not but their Confi- 
dence in the City, and Affection to them, would be 
anfwered with equal Love, Truft, and Obedience 
to the Parliament.' 

May 10. The two following Papers from the 
Parliament's Commiffioners in Scotland, were read 
in the Houfe of Lords : 


of E N G L A N D. 133 

An. 24 Car. I, 

A PAPER delivered in to the Parliament of Scot- 1648. 
land, April 29, concerning their former Demands, * y/ ' 
and the further Demand, of Sir Marmaduke Lang- . * J * 
dale and Sir Lewis Dives. 

Edinburgh, April 29, 1648. 

\\7 E have by feveral Papers ( upon Grounds Papers from the 
VV of the Treaties betwixt the Kingdoms of Commiffioner* 19 
England and Scotland] .demanded Capt. Wogan cotjand * 
and his Troop, Sir Philip Mufgrave, Sir Thomas 
Glemham, and Col. George IVray, to be delivered, 
to us, that they might be difpofed of as fhould 
be directed by the Parliament of England', and 
although unto that Paper concerning Col. George 
Wray, a Papift in Arms, we have not heard any 
Thing, yet we have received your Lordfliips 
Anfweras to the other two ; wherein finding no 
Satisfaction, we did, by our Paper of the jgth 
Inftant, tnfift upon our former Demands ; yet 
the faid Perfons not being hitherto delivered to 
us, but rather, on the contrary, {lift enjoying 
Freedom and Shelter in this Kingdom ; and, as 
we are credibly informed, fome of them have 
lately had frequent Meetings, in this City, with 
Sir Marmaduke Langdale, Sir Lewis Dives, and 
other great Englijh Delinquents, which might be 
much to the Prejudice of the Peace and Good of 
both Kingdoms ; and the faid Sir Marmaduke 
Langdak and Sir Lewis Dives being Perfons excep-' 
ted in the Propofjtions agreed upon by both King- 
doms, and jointly fent to the King for the fettling 
of a fafe and well-grounded Peace ; we do there- 
fore demand, That the faid Capt. IVogan and his 
Troop, Sir Philip Mufgrave, Sir Thomas Glem- 
ham, and Col. George ff^ray, the faid Sir Mar- 
maduke Langdale, and Sir Lewis Dives, may, by 
your Lordihip's Power and Authority, be appre- 
hended and delivered to us ; which if your Lord- 
fliips fhall not think fit to do, but that they /hall 
have Freedom and Shelter in this Kingdom, the. 
Kingdom of England and ourfelves are free from 
I 3 * ^ 

Tcrliamentary JI I s T o R y 

* a ^- the ^ v ^ s ancl *^ Confequences that, upon their 

* Contrivances and Practices, may arife or happen 

* to eicher or loth Kiigc'o.ns. 

y Command of the CcmmiJJioners of the Par- 
liament 0/~England, 


Another PAPER delivered to the Parliament of Scot- 
land, May 5^ concerning the fiizing of Berwick. 

Edinburgh, May 2, 1648. 

ALthough we had Information, long fmce, 
that fome Delinquents had a Dcfign to feiz,e 
the Town of Berwick upon Tvjeei^ whereof we 
gave your Lordfhips Notice by our Letter of the 
I4th of March laft (at which Time we had the 
like Information concerning the. City of Carlijle-^) 
yet the Kingdom of England and ourfelves were 
careful in all Things to prderve the Treaties be- 
twixt both Kingdoms, and to avoid every thing 
that might have the leaft Colour of a Breach, or 
adminifler O.cafions of Jealot fi s betwixt them ; 
yer obferving the great flocking together of ^- 
lijh Delinquents in this City, we could not but ap- 
prehend that they had fome dcfperate Dcfign a- 
gainft the Parliament and Kingdom of England. 
' And now, after we have long expected youir 
Lordfhips Refolutions upon our feveral Demands 
of f_>me principal Men amonsft thofeDelinquents, 1 
we are informed that fome of them, with divers, 
other Endjjh DclinqueYits that went from this 
City of Edinburgh and forded the River e Tvj:ed t 
upon Friday Jaft the 28th pf Apnl t did the fame 
Di:y return back over the Bridge, and in an ho- 
ftile Way f-ized upon the faid Town of Berwick, 
and keep it by Fore , ~oncrary to feveral Trea- 
ties betwixt both kingdoms; which being fo, 
we do, by virtue of the Large Treaty, declare to 
your Lordfhips, That all th fe who have feized 
and taken the laid Town of Berwick^ or do now 
hold and keep the fame in a hoflile Way as a 


of ENGLAND. 135 

Garrifon, are Enemies and Traitors to the Par- An. 14. car. I. 
liament and Kingdom of England^ and in Arris ^_ " , 
aglinft them; and likewife all Englijbmen who }^, y< 
Qiailanywife be aiding, aflifting, or abeiting to 
them, or (hall furnifh them with any Monies, 
Horfes, Arms, Ammunition, Corn, or other Vic- 
tuals or Provifiqns whatfoever, and to be punifhed 
accordingly AnJ we do, in the Name of both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England^ demand, 
that your Lordfhips, in order to the reprefling of 
them, do declare them Enemies to, this Kingdom \ 
and likewife all thole of the Scots Nation, who 
fhall aid them with Money, Horfes, Arms, Am- 
munition, Corn, or any other Victuals or Provi- 
fions whatfoever. And to the End that they may 
not be ftored with Provifions out of this King- 
dom, we defire that Publication of fuch Declara- 
tions as your Lordfhips fhall make in this Cafe 
may he made forthwith, not only in Edinburgh 
but in all Parts of this Kingdom near the faid 
Town of Berwick upon Tweed: And becaule WQ 
hear that Carlifle is feized in like Manner, we de- 
fire your Lordfhips Orders and Declarations may 
extend to tpth. 

' All which, confidering the many Ways where- 
by thefe Kingdoms are engaged to one another, 
and your Lordfhips late Declarations of your Re- 
folutions to preferve the happy Union betwixt 
them, we cannot doubt but that your Lordfhips 
will do effectually and with Speed. 
By Command of the CommiJJioners of the ParHa~ 
nient /* England, 


May ii. Both Houfes having thought ntthata 
Letter fhould be fent to the Parliament of Scot/and, 
to acquaint them, That the fending the General ;" 

with the Army into the North, was but to fettle and 
fecure thofe Parts, and regain Berwick and Carlisle ; 
a Committee was ordered accordingly. 

The fame Day a Letter from Col. Horton was 
read, giving Intelligence of the routing of Lang" 
barn's Forces in Wales. 

I 4 Far 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

For the. Right Honourable the Earl of MANCHES- 
TR, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tem- 

In the fields near St Pagan s, 
My Lor a*. May 8, 1648. 

Lm'e/rTtr** ' C^ ^ ^ at k *k* s ^ a y rewarc ^ ed ouc wearifome 
the Sncce/i of ' ^^ Marches with a full, and glorious Victory 
the Parliament's * over the Enemy, who had ufed much Subtihy 
Forces in Wales. < an( j J)jijg ence to engage the Kingdom in a new 

* War. They had increafed to a great Number, 

* by reafon of divers difbanded Men from England, 

* and a'general Conjunction of the'moft able-bodied 
4 Inhabitants of the Counties oi PsmbrpAe and Car- 

* dtgan^ ?nd many of Glamorgan. 

* This Day, about Nine of the Clock, it pleafed 
' God that we engaged with them at a Place called 
' Sf. Pagan's, three Miles diftant from Caerdlffe^ 

* and for near two Hours had a very hot Difpute ; 
' but at length, by God's Mercy, they were put to 

* a total Rout, many flain upon the Place, and 

* about 3000 Prifoners, great Store of Arms and 
' Ammunition, and many Colours taken. 

c The Enemy accounted themfelves about 8000 
' Horfe and Foot, which makes the Mercy the 
' more remarkable. 

4 My Lord, the Almighty was pleafed greatly to 
' ftren^then both our Office* s and Soldiers with 

* much Refolution and Cheart'ulnefs in the Dif- 

* charge of their Duties ; but, with one Heart, 

* they dcnVe the Honour of this Work may be 
' wholly given to God. 

* This Account I held myfelf bound to prefent 
' your Lorufhip with, 'to be comrrunKattd to the 

* Right Honourable the Houie of Peers, being, 

My Lord t 
Your moji kumlle and faithful Servant, 


$/ ENGLAND. 137 

The next Day, May 1 2, another Letter from Col. An. ^ Car. I. 
fforton, much to the fame Purport as the former, L ' 4 ^' , 
was read ; and it was ordered that Monday next, the May> 
l8th Inftant, be appointed a Day of Thankfgiving 
for fo great and fea/onable a V i&ory. 

The Inftru<5tions to the Parliament's Commif- 
fioners in Scotland being thought proper to be yet 
further enlarged, the following were now fent up to 
from the Commons, and agreed to by the Lords. 

T^ H Lords and Commons in Parliament af- Additional Inr 
A fembled, did approve of the Paper of the 2d ruail '" s to tbe 

c it* L n > r p > i v. ~ Comm:ffioners at 

or May, put into the Parliament of Stetuma by 
you their Commiflioners, upon the Occafion of 
the Surprize of Berwick and Carlijle by fome 
Englijbj who have been in Arms againft both 
Kingdoms and the Caufe they were joined in j 
and do direc"t you to repeat and enlarge your De- 
mands, in Reference to that Bufmeis, with aU 
Earneftnefs, until you {hall have a fatisfactory 
Anfwer therein. 

* You are likewife, in the Name of both Houfes, 
to give Notice to the Parliament of Scotland, or 
any Committee or Commiffioner? authorized by 
them, that the Lord Fairfax haih Command 
from the Houfes tq march with Forces into the 
Northern Counties of this Kingdom, forfuppref- 
fing of thofe who are now in Arms ae;ainit this 
Kingdom, and for the removing of them, accord- 
ing to the Treaties, who have poflefied themfelves 
of Berwick and Carlljle contrary thereunto. 

' You are further to afl'ure the Parliament of 
Scotland, or the Committee or Commiflioners law- 
fully authorized, and you likewife have Authority 
to engage the Faith of the Kin ;dom of England^ 
that the employing, levying, and lending of them, 
or any other Forces, to the more remote North- 
ern Parts of this Kingdom, is not with the lead 
Intention of any Offence or Prejudice to the 
Kingdom of Scotland, or in the leaft Manner to 
difturB the Peace and Quiet of that Kingdom ; 

138 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. 


but f>r the Suppreflion of the faid Traitors and 
Rebels, nov.- in Arms againft the Houfes, and the 
keeping of the Northern Counties in Obedience 
to the Parliamsnt of England, and protecting fuch 
as have been faithful to the Caufe which both 
Kingdoms are, and have been, engaged in.' 

Great Care had been taken in the drawing up i 
Letter to the Parliament of Scotland, in Aniwer to 
their Defires of the 26th of April ; and this Day, 
May 15, the following flurt one was agreed to be 
fent by both Houfes. 

For the Right Honourable the Earl .J/'LoUDON, Lord 
Chancellor ^"Scotland and Prefident of the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, to be communicated to them. 

My Lord, 

\ \\7 E are commanded, by both Houfes of the 
c Parliament 'of England, to acquaint your 

' Lordfhip, that they received a Letter of the 26th 
' of April laft, funed by ycur Lordfhip in the Name 
' of the Parliament of Scotland, together with a 
' Paper of Defires inclofed ; and that fuch Refolu- 
' tions as {hall be taken thereupon, (hall be figni- 
* fied to the Parliament of Scotland, by the Com- 
' miffioners of this Kingdom there refident. Thus 
' much we defire your Lordfhip to communicate 
' to the Parliament of Scotland ; being all we 
' have in Command, we remain, 

Your Lordjbrp's bumble Servant^ 


Speaker of the Houfe sf 


Speaker of the Houfe of 

This Letter was put to the Queftion and agreed 
to by the Lords : After which the fallowing In- 


^ENGLAND. 139 

ftru&ion to the Parliament's Commiffioners at An. 24 Car. r. 
Edinburgh^ fent up from the Houfe of Commons ^^ l6 **' ^ 
on the i ith of this Month, was read : """Say. 

"\J~ O U or any two of you, are to fignify to the 
Parliament of Scotland, That the two Houfes 
of the Parliament of England have received their 
Letter, with their Paper of Defires, inclofed j the 
laid Letter being addrefled To the Right Honour- 
able the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tern- 
pore, to be communicated to the Lords and Commons 
ajfimbled in the Parliament of England at Weft- 
minfter : That the Houfes take Notice of, and 
very much refent, this unufual Addrefs ; it being 
not the Style which hath been and is uied to the 
Houfes of this Parliament.' 
The Queftion being puf, Whether to agree to 

this Inftrudion to be fent to the Cornmiflioners in 

Scotland? it was carried in the Negative. 

We have already taken Notice that feveral Peti- 
tions had been font up, from different Parts of the 
Kingdom, praying for a fpeedy Settlement of the 
Nation : The rnoit remarkable of thefe was prefent- 
ed to both Houfes on the I'jth of this Month, from 
the County of Surrey. The Heads of which are 
thus given by Mr. Whithcke. 

4 That the King may be reftored to his due Ho- A remarkable 
' nour and juft Rights, according to the Oaths of petiticnoflhe 

* Supremacy and Allegiance ; anii that he may be to b" t h Huufcs* 
' forthwith eftablifted in his Throne, accord ing to for a p^rfonii 

the Splendor of his Anceftors : Treaty with the 

* That he may, for the prefent, come to Weft- ' * 
f minjler^ with Honour and Safety, to treat perfon- 

* ally for compofmg of Differences : 

' That the Free-born Subjects of England may 
6 be governed by the known Laws and Statutes : 

' That the War now beginning may be prevent- 
< ed : And, 

' That the Ordinance for the preventing Free- 
6 quarter may be duly executed, and Speed made 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

in difbanding all Armies, they having their due 

Arrears paid them. 

The Lords anfwered the Petitioners, < That 

* they were at prefent upon Confideration of the 

* Settlement of the Kingdom, and doubted not but 

* to fatisfy all.' 

nj The Memorial'ift proceeds thus : * This Petition 
was prefented to the Commons in the Afternoon, 
when fome of the Countrymen being gotten almoft 
drunk, and animated by the Malignants, as they 
came through WeJlminjler-Hall, they fell a quarrel- 
Jing with the Guards, and afked them, Why they 
Jlood there to guard a Company of Rogues? That then 
Words on both Sides increasing, the Countrymen 
fell upon the Guards, difarmed them, and killed one 
of them, and wounded divers. Upon this Alarm 
more Soldiers were fent for from Whitehall and 
the Mews, who fell upon the Countrymen, killed 
five or fix of them, and wounded v.ery many ; 
chafing them up and down through the Hall, and 
the Lanes and Paffages thereabouts.' 

General Ludloiv gives much the fame Account of 
this Tumult j adding, * That Lieutenant-Colonel 
Cobbet, who commanded the Guard, been called 
into the Houfe to give an Account of what had 
palled, went to the Bar, bleeding from the Wounds 
which he had received, and related the Paffages be- 
fore-mentioned ; but fome Friends of the Petition- 
ers within Doors informing the Houfe that the 
Matter of Fa was other wife than had been repre- 
fented by the Lieutenant-Colonel, the Parliament 
appointed a Committee to. examine into the Truth, 
of it/ 

This laft Circumftance of the Appointing a 
Committee is confirmed by the Journals', which 
Authority alfo further informs us, * That the Pe- 
titioners gave out Words, That they 'Mould have a 
fpeedy and fathfaftory Anfaer^ or elfe they would have 
the Blood of that Houfe; and had withdrawn them- 
felves into the Fields.' Hereupon the Commons 
ordered their Thanks !o be returned to the 
Officers upon Guard for the Prefervation of their 

Houfe : 


Houfe: But a Motion being made for giving an A 
Anfwer to the Petitioners, it patted in the Negative. v 


May 18. The laft Petition from the City of Za;;- 
don had been long under Confideration by both 
Houfes; and this Day a Paper from the Commit- 
tee of Lords and Commons, for the Safety of the 
Kingdom, fitting at Derby-Hoitfe^ was read in thefe 
Words : 

Ordered, * That it be reported to both Houfes, An Information 
that this Committee hath fecret Intelligences, that f fome infur- 
there is a DefiVn of very dangerous Confequence' tftlo , ns 1 b ! lng , 

. . T n i D i- intended, in and 

ready to be put in Execution againlt the Parliament, a '; 0u t London, 
City, and Kingdom, by Forces being lifted for that a_gnft the P*r- 
Purpofe under an Oath of Secrcfy, a more particu- iiamem * 
lar Account whereof this Committee will be able to 
give the Houfes To-morrow : in the mean Time 
to defire the Houfes to give prefent Order to the 
feveral Militias of London and Parts adjacent, to be 
in .a ready Pofture to prevent or refift the fame j 
and that alfo prefent Order be forthwith given to 
all the Keepers of the Prifons, that all Prifoners 
committed for adding any thing againft the Parlia- 
ment, may be kept fecurely within the faid feveral 

Both Houfes approved of the Particulars of this 
Report, and ordered, That the Lord Mayor of 
London do call a Common-Council next Day at 
Four in th Afternoon j and that then a Committee 
of Lords and Commons do go thither to let the Ci- 
tizens know how ready the Houfes have been to 
grant their Defires ; and to defire them that they 
would take Care for the fupprefling or" Insurrections 
and Tumults, and for Prefervation of the Parlia- 

The fame Day the Lords patted an Ordinance, 
fent up from the Commons, for making Major- 
General Sklppon Major- General of all the Forces 
within the late Lines of Communication and Bills 
of Mortality, according to the City of London's 
Petition ; another, giving Power to the late Mili- 
tia of London to adt until the Militia now appoint <J 



Letter! from the 
in Scotland. 

Parliamentary H I s T o R v 

be fettled ; and a third, for putting Malignants and 
Papifts out of the Cities of London and IVejlminJler, 
the late Lines of Communication, and twenty Miles 

May 19. More Letters from the Commiffioners 
in Scotland were read. 

For the Right Honourable the Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

My Lord, Edinburgh, May 14, 1648. 

YX7 E ftaying a Week in Expectation of an 
* Anfwer to our Paper concerning Berwick, 
and not receiving any, did fend the inrlofed to 
fecond our former Demands. Since we have re- 
ceived both theAnfwe;S herewith fent ; and how- 
ever one of the n did bear Date the 2d of May, 
yet we had it not till the loth. The riext Day 
we did receive the other Anfwer j but the Parlia- 
ment adjourning that Night till the firft of June, 
and a Committee of Eftates to be eftabliflied in 
the mean Time, who have yet fitten but once, 
we could not hitherto fend Replies to them, 
which we intend to do with the firft Opportuni- 
ty ; as alfo to deliver them the Vote of the 6th 
of May, according to the Order of both Houfes, 
which we did receive upon the J3th of this 

* Month ; wherein, and in all other Things, I 

* {ball endeavour to approve rnyfelf, 

My Lord, 
Tour Lord/hip's mojl humble Servant, 


A PAPER delivered by the Englifli CommiJJloners tt> 
the Parliament of Scotland, prejjing them to de- 
clare again/} thofe that had fsized Berwick and 
Carlifle, and to prevent their Supplier of Arms, Am- 
munition, and Provifons out of Scotland. 

Edinburgh, May 9, 1648. 

' "D Y our Paper of the fecond of this Month 

* -*-^ we did declare, That thofe who had feized 

* the Town of Bervi;k upon Tweed, and kept it 

* as 

of ENGLAND. 143 

as a Garrifon, were Enemies and Traitors to the An. 24 Car. 
Parliament and Kingdom of England^ and all t l648 ' 
others of the Englijh Nation who were any ways M 
aiding or affifting to them, and the like for the 
City of Carlijle ; and forafmuch as what they have 
done herein was agairift the Large Treaty and 
A& of Pacification, pafled by the King and Par- 
liaments of both Kingdoms; and confidering the 
great Mifchref that might follow upon it, if they 
{hould be furnimed with Arms, Ammunition, 
and Provifions out of this Kingdom ; we did, for 
Prevention thereof, demand that your Lordfhips 
likewife would fpeedily declare againft them and 
all of this Nation that {hould aid or affift them : 
But we are very forry, in a Bufinefs of fo 'great 
Concernment to the Peace and Good of both 
Kingdoms, we {hould have Caufe to complain, 
after a Week's Expectation, that we have not 
received any Anfwer from your Lordihips ; efpe- 
cially now being informed that feveral Loads- of 
Arms, Ammunition, and Provifions have, fince 
the fecond of this Month, been conveyed out of 
this Kingdom into the faid Town of Berwick ; 
which we hope was done only by fome particular 
Malignants and difaftefted Perfons to this King*- 
dom, and not by any Allowance or Connivance 
from your Lordfhips ; it being fo directly againft, 
not only the Treaty betwixt both Kingdoms, but 
againft the folemn League and Covenant, where- 
in we have fworn not to fuffer onrfehes^ direclly 
or indirefily\ by whatfoever Combination^ Pcrfna- 
fon^ or 'Terror^ to be divided or "withdrawn frtm 
the bleffed Union and Conjunction of thefe Kingdoms^ 
cither by making Defection to the contrary Party* 
or by giving ourftlves to a deteftabh Indijferency of 
Neutrality in this Caufe ; and therefore all thofe 
who have taken the Covenant, muft needs en- 
gage God againft them, if they any Ways en- 
gaged with, or affifted thefe Men in Berwick and 
Carlijle; who, as we are informed, have many 
Papifts come cb.ily to join with them, and them- 
felves are of the Popiih and Prelatical Party, 
4 ' wh 

144 ^ Parliamentary His TOR V 

An. 14. Car, I. who have been in Arms againft both Kingdoms; 
____/ ' an< ^ againft that Caufe wherein we have been 

* happily united, and to which God hath given a 
' Blefiing of Victory and Succefs : And as we are 

* moft confident that not only the Parliament of 
' England, but alfo all the religious Perfons, and 
8 thofewho have been faithful to this Caufe \i\Eng- 

* land) will frill be united againft thofe in Berwick 
' and Cariijte, and all other our corrrtnon Enemies ; 

* fo we cannot doubt but your Lordfhips A&ionS 
' and Determinations will be fuch, as (hall fpeak 

* you to have the fame Affections and Refolutions 

* to the Prefervation of the Union betwixt thefe 

* Kingdoms, and to the Maintenance of this Caufe 
' againft the Common Enemies of it, that ever you 
' had; from which if either Kingdom do recced, it 

* will not only be an Advantage to the Rebels in 
c Ireland^ and the Popifli and Prelatical Party in 

* England and Scotland, but muft be a Reproach, 
' Lofs, and infinite Hazard to all the reft, which 

* we are well allured the Kingdom of England will 

* no ways be guilty of; and we hope the fame of 

* your Lordmips ; and that your Proceedings will 

* be fuch, as we {hall never hereafter have Caufe to 

* remember how many of our Engltjh Delinquents 

* did lately jefort hither; how long they had Shel- 

* ter and Freedom here ; how often we did, by Di- 
' re&ions, and in the Name of the Parliament of 

* England^ demand fome of the chief of them to be 
"-delivered to us, and had them not; how many 
' Meetings and Confutations they had in this City; 
' how they went from hence when they did take 

* Berwick and Carlijle ; fome of thofe Soldiers, as 
' we are informed, hiving, for divers Weeks be^ 

* fore, had free Quarter in this Kingdom, and di- 

* vers of them Pay, as themfelves affirmed ; that 

* thofe who are now Chief Commanders in them, 

* were here and demanded by us ; and that fmce, in 

* the Time of Delay of your Lordfhips Anfwer to 

* our lair Paper, they have, as we are credibly in- 
informed, been furnifhed with Arms, Ammuni- 
' tion, and Provifions out of this Kingdom : We 

* do 

'^ENGLAND. 145. 

* do therefore earneftyr prefs your Lordfliips to An.*$"Car. r. 

* take our Paper of the fecond of this Month into \ ' 6 4 8 - ^ 
' Confiueration, that fo all fuch Mifchiefs for the M ^ 

' future may be prevented, until it pleafe God, by 
' his Blefling upon the Forces of the Kingdom of 

* England, to give thofe Perfons in Berwick and 

* Carlijle into their Hands; and, by your Lord- 

* fhips A&ions and Refolutions tending to the Peace 

* and Union of thefe Kingdoms, there might be a 

* further declared and manifeft Confidence and 

* good Underftanding betwixt both Kingdoms-; 
' which, for our Parts, we {hall not only heartily 

* defire, but earneftly and faithfully endeavour. 

By Command of the Cornmijjioners of the Parliament 
of England, 


A COPY of the ANSWER of the Parliament of Scot- 
land to the Englifh Commijffionen PAPERS of the 
igtb and ityh of April, 1648, concerning the 
Perfons demanded by the CommiJJioners. 

Edinburgh^ May 2, 164?. 

TH E Eftates of Parliament have confidered 
the two Papers, bearing Date the I9th and 
2Qth of April^ prefented to them from the Cora- 
miffioners of both Houfes of the Parliament of 
England^ to which they return this Anfwer, The 
Perfons demanded not being, as they are inform- 
ed, in this Kingdom, they think it not neceffary 
to infift upon giving the Reafons of their former 
Anfwer j but if the Commiflioners of both Houfes 
{hall think it fitting, they will appoint a Commit- 
tee to confer with them anent thofe Articles of 
the Large Treaty, mentioned in your Papers, and 
how far either Kingdom (lands engaged thereby 5 
wherein they are confident to give all juft Satif- 

Ex rafted out of the Record* of Parliament ly me 
5/r Alexander Gibfon o/Drury, Knight. Clerk 
of his Maje/l/s Regifters, Councils ; and Rslls^ 
. under my Signet and Subferipticn manual^ 

VOL. XVII. K rht 

146 < fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

The ANSWER of the Parliament of Scotland to the 
Englifh Commijfionen PAPERS of the id and gth of 
May, concerning Berwick and Carlifle. 

Edinburgh, May IO, 1648. 

* IT 7 Hcreas your Lordfhips mentioned, by your 
' YY Paper of the fecond of May Inftant, that 
' you had formerly given us Notice of a Defign 
' fome Englijh Delinquents had to feize upon the 
' Town of Berwick upon Tweed ; by the fame Ad- 
' drefs you informed us, that Guards were kept 
' there for preventing any fuch Defigns : And as 

* to your Demand, concerning the Delivery of 
' Capt. ff'ogan and his Troop, Sir Thomas Glem- 
' ham, Sir Marmaduke Langdale, Sir Philip Muf- 

* grave., Col. Wray, and Sir Lewis Dives, we gave 

* you fuch Anfwer thereunto as we conceived agree- 

* able to the Treaties ; which, by our Paper of 
' the fecond of May Inftant, we offered to aflert by 
4 Conference. And whereas you give us Notice 

* that the Towns of Berwick and Carlijle are feized 

* on, contrary to the feveral Treaties betwixt both 

* Kingdoms ; and, by virtue of the Large Treaty, 

* your Lordfhips, in Name of both Houfes of the 

* Parliament of England, do declare all thofe who 

* have feized and taken the faid Towns, or do now 

* hold and keep the fame in an hoftile Way as a 

* Garrifon, to be Enemies and Traitors to the Par- 
' liament and Kingdom of England, and in Arms 
4 againft them; and likewife all Englijhmen who 
' fhall any ways be aiding, aflirring, or abetting, to 
' them; and do in their Name alfo demand that, in 

* order to the reprelTmg of them, we fhall declare 

* them Enemies to this Kingdom, and likewife any 

* of this Kingdom who fhall aid or aflift them : To 

* this, and your Paper of the gth relating there- 
' unto, we return this Anfwer : 

1 That as we have been always moft careful to 
'. preferve unviolated, on our Parts, all the Articles 
' of the Treaties betwixt the Kingdoms j fo, 
8 when we fhall be certainly informed by what 


^/ENGLAND. 147 

Perfons, and by what Power and Authority, thefe A I *4 Car.!* 
Places are feized upon and garrifoned, your Lord- , * * ' , 
fhips may be confident that this Kingdom will do M a y, 
thereupon what is juft anJ fit, and agreeable to 
their Solemn Covenant and Treaties ; and upon 
this, and any thing elfe you have in Command 
from the Houfes, we are ready to appoint fome to 
confer with you.' 

Extracted out forth of the Records of Parliament by me 
Sir Alexander Gibfon <5/"Drury, Knight, Clerk 
of bis Majeftys Regijlers, Councils, and Rolh 9 
under my Signet and Subscription manual, 


The fame Day, May 19, a Meffage was brought 
from the Houfe of Commons, by Mr. Annejley and 
others, with fome Heads to be communicated by 
the Committee of both Houfes to the Common- 
Council of London ; and a Letter to be fcnt to the 
Commifiioners in Shetland. To both which the 
Lords agreed. 

HEADS to be communicated to tie Common-Council, for 
preferring a good Agreement and Correfpondence be- 
tween the Parliament and Citj. 

I. ' *Tp HAT the Committee exprefs their Ex- P T<' ft" re 
A perience of thofe Advantages the Parlia- e g f ^i ce 
ment and the whole Kingdom had in carrying ori between the Par* 
the public Caufe, during the late Wars, whilft liament and thc 
a good Correfpondence continued between the lt y fLond B ' 
Parliament and City ; and that they acquaint 
them with the Dangers threatening the Caufe we 
are engaged in, by the Encouragement the com- 
mon Enemy hath taken fmce the former Corre^ 
fpondence hath been interrupted . 
II. * And that they may not be mifled by the 
malicious Endeavours and Afperfions of fuch as 
are Enemies to Peace, you are to acquaint them 
with the following Particulars : 
i. ' The Vote for continuing the Fundamental 
Government of this Kingdom by King, Lords, 
and Commons. 

K* 2 . 


A Letter from 
both Houfes to 

their Commif- c 
fioners at Edin- ( 
burgh, concern- 
ing the late De- 
(an of the Scots t 




' t 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

2. * The Refolution of Conjun&ion with Our 
Brethren of Scotland, in the Proportions lately 
prefented to his Majefty at Hampton- Court ; and 
fuch further Proceedings thereupon as {hall be 
thought fit for the Settlement of the Peace of both 

3. ' Tofignify that the Houfes of Parliament, as 
they have been ready to fatisfy the Defines of the 
City for their Security ; fo they expect that the 
City be careful fo to difpofe of the Militia, that 
the Safety of the Parliament and Kingdom may 
be provided for. 

PY of a LETTER to be fent to the Commif*- 
Jioners of the Parliament of Erigland, reftdent in 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 
'TP H E Houfes of Parliament received a Let* 

* ter from the Lord-Chancellor of Scotland, 
with a Paper of Defires of the Parliament of Scot- 
land therein contained, upon the fecond of May 
Inftant. We fend you here inclofed the AnAver 
we returned thereto by their own Meilenger (a) ; 
in purfuance whereof you are to acquaint the Par- 
liament of Scotland, or the Committee or Con- 
vention of Eftates, if the Parliament be not fit- 
ting, that before the Houfes received the Lord- 
Chancellor's Letter and Paper, they were in De- 
bate of thofe Refolutions which they have lately 
fent to be communicated to the Parliament of 
Scotland, for the Prefervation of a good Corre- 
fpondency and brotherly Union betwixt the King- 
doms, by that their real Offer of Conjunction 
with their Brethren of Scotland in the Propofi- 
tions formerly agreed on by both Kingdoms, 
prefented to the King at tfampton-Court ; where- 
in Religbn, the Covenant and Treaties, and 
other Things neceflary for the Peace of both 
Kingdoms and Prefervation of the Union, are 
provided for. And you are further to acquaint 
the Parliament of Scotland, or, if they be not 

* fitting^ 

(a) This is already given at p. i jr.. 

of ENGLAND. 149 

* fitting, the Committee or Convention of Eftates, Aa - 4 C" r ! 
That when the Parliament of England (hall re- 

* ceive their Anfwer concerning their Conjunction 

* therein, they fhall then be ready to give Satisfac- 

* tion in thofe Things which fliall be judged necef- 
' fary for the Peace of both Kingdoms, and which 

* fhall not intrench upon the particular Intereft of 

* this Kingdom and the Privileges of Parliament. 
4 This being all we have in Command frcpn the 

* Houfes, we reft, 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants, 


Speaker of the Uouje of 


Speaker of the Houfe of 

The Earl of MancbeJIer prefented to the Houfc 
of Lords a Report from the Committee of Safety 
at Derby-Houfe, containing feveral Letters and 
Papers relating to the many Infurrc&ions now on 
Foot in different Parts of the Kingdom : Thefe, 
though rather Military than Parliamentary, we ap- 
prehend too material {o be pafled ove^ by. way of 
Abftract, as they are no where to be found, 
that we know of, but in the Lords Journals-*. 
And firft, 

A LETTER from the Lord-GenfratFawfax, with an 
Account, of the prefent State and Difpofition of his. 
Forces-, addrefjed t& the Committee of both Houfes at 

^ May 18, 1648, 
My Lords and- Gentlemen^ 

* 1 Have herewith fent your Lordfliips the Tran- 

-. T T ' . ... -\n T^ r 

* fcnpt of a Letter I received from Major ><?/- Lord Fairfax, fet- 

* bar ough) who commands my Regiment of Horfe, tin e forth the 
' concerning the Iffue of the Bufmefs at Bury, ahd 

* me other ^affages in thofe Parts ; by which 

K 3 youc 

Tlje Parliamentary HISTORY 

your Lordfiiips may fee the Temper of them, an(J 
4 what Neceffity there is both of exemplary Punifh- 
1 ment upon fome Offenders in this Kind, and of 
' fome Force to be fixed in thofe Parts, for the Pre- 

* vention of the like in future ; and I know no 
' Way whereby a fmall Force can be capable to 

* fupprefs fuch Insurrections, (in a Time and Place 
' of fo general Diftemper and Difpofition to rife) 

* but by fixing them in a Garrifon Pofture, where - 
' by they may quarter fecure, and be ready* as Oc* 

* cafion happens, to march out upon their beft Ad- 

* vantage. I know no Town lying more advan- 
' tageoufly in that Kind, for an Influence upon all 

* thofe Parts, than that of Bury, being near the 

* Center of them, and of large Receipt. 

* And I mutt farther acquaint your Lord/hips 
' that, (confidering the great Occasions for calling 

* the prefent Forces other ways, for the refitting 

* further Invafions, the fubduing of thofe Forces, 
* and reducing thofe Garrifons, that already appear 

* againft you in the North, Lancashire, and South- 
1 Wales, and for fuppreffing of Infurrections in 

* other Parts) there is no Part of the fmall Force 
' you have left for the Field can be fpared to be fix- 

* ed in a Garrifon (for that or any other Purpofe 

* aforementioned) in fuch a Corner as that Aflb- 

* -elation is ; fo that, if fuch a Thing be judged 
' neceffary, as it feems to be, it mutt be done by 
' a particular Force to be faifed for that Purpofe 
out of the Well-affe&ed in thofe Parts ; which I 

* prefume, upon the Experience they have of the 

* Neceffity of it, they would be ready to do for 
< their own Security. 

* I have Intelligence lately, that Sir Marmaduke 
4 Langdale's Forces are come down into Lancashire, 
' where they are faid to -have poilefled Warrington^ 

* and to be raifing more Strength and increafmg 
daily, and like to encroach further ; upon which 

* Occafion I am now fending Col. Harftfon with 

* his Regiment of Horfe, and fome others, into 
Chejhire, to oppofe their further Proceedings ; and, 
with what Affiftance he can get from the Gentry 

''*" - * *-an<t 

of E N G L A N D. 151 

* and Well-affected in thofe Parts, to endeavour An ' ?* Cal 
6 the clearing of them from the adverfe Forces. 

Col, Whaley y s Regiment of Horfe and thofe of my 
' own which were about Bury, are of thofe that are 
' to march with me into the North ; whither I 
' have ordered Col. Twi/letyn's Regiment to march 
4 before ; fo that, for the Service and Security 
' of the Midland Parts from Trent to Thames, 
' there will be no Horfe left unengaged for prefent 

* Service, but five Troops of Col. Flsetwood 1 s Re- 

* giment, now about Bury, one Troop whereof 

* is affigned to Lynn, and neceflary to continue 

* there. 

* For your further Satisfaction herein, I have 
' inclofed a particular Account how the other 
' Horfe are difpofed of. 

* I hear that Lieutenant-General Cromwell, out of 
' his own Regiment and Col. Tlwrnhaugti $., hath 
' fent five Troops of Horfe, together with fome 

* Dragoons, to the Confines of Shropjhire, Chejhire, 

* and North-Wales, to whom I mail now fend Or- 
' ders to join with Col. Harrifon again the Enemy 

* in Lancajhire. 

* For Foot; until fome of thofe that are in 
' Wales be difengaged thence, (the Regiment at 
Whitehall being continued there) I mall have 

* none free to march into the North, fave my own 

* Regiment and half of Col. Hewfon's ; five Com- 

* panies thereof being already affigned to feveral 

* Garrifons, and the other five indeed being more re - 

* quifite to be left for the ftrengthening of Garrr- 

* fons, in thofe Parts, and to draw out; upon Qcca- 

* fion, than to be withdrawn further ofi\ 

* I have newly received a, Letter from Major 

* Jlfarkham, whom I lately appointed, with a Par- 

* ty of forty Horfe out of Col. Twijletons Regi- 

* ment, to poflefs Belvoir-Ca/ile, which otherwife 

* had been furprized by a Combination of Malig- 
c nants thereabouts, ditcovered to Major Markham, 
' as the Bearer hereof can inform you. 

' I have herewith fent your Lordfhips his Letter, 

' wherein -hedefires fome Foot to be added ; but I 

K 4 have 


An. 24 Car. J. 


*fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

have none to affign him that can be fp-ared te 
continue with him j and indeed thofe Horfe he 
hath, being but a Part of Col. Tvrijleton's Regi- 
ment, had need fhortly to march after the Regi- 
ment j fo that I conceive it very necefTary tbat 
he have Power given him to raife fome Force v 
both of Horfe and Foot, for Security of that 
Place, and Safety of thofe Parts; all which Heave 
to your Lordihjps Confiderations^ and remain, 

Your Lord/hip's bumble Servant^ 

An ACCOUNT "bow all the Horfe and Dragoons , not 
mentioned in the Letter , are difpofed of. 

f N the North, there tre already the two 

* * Northern Regiments under Col. Lambert, be- 

* fides Col. Tiuiftton's, whicH is lately fent, as in 

* the Letter, 

* In the Southern Parts ; three Troops cf Com- 

* mifiwy General Ireton's Regiment, engaged for 
' prefent, Part at Chichejler^ and the reft at IFin- 

* chefter, to fecure the Town and Caftle there 
from being poflefled by the Malignants, till fome 
' other Courfe be taken to fecure or dejnolifh. the 

* Caftle ; the reft of that Regiment are engaged at 

* Brijlil, until the Quiet of that Place be provided 

* Col. Tomlinfen's Regiment and two Troops of 

* Dragoons are with Sir Hardrefs ff^aller^ in De-. 

* von/hire and Cornwall, w hereof he is forced :o em- 

* ploy a Troop of Horfe and on of Dragoons to 

* fecure Bridgewaler. 

4 Three Troops of Col. Scroop's Regiment lying 

* in Dorfetfiire for the Security of the Garrifons 

* there, which are very weakly mann'd, and for 

* fupprefling Infurredtions in that County, $o~ 

* merfet^ and Wilt*-, the reft of th. t Regimmtweie 

* with Col. Horton at the Eng igeiw nt in Wales, and 
' continue tjjere, where are alfo Col. Hortons 

* Regiment 

Sf ENGLAND. 153 

* Regiment of Horfe, and fix Troops of Dragoons; A *4 Car - 
all there before the late Engagement. 

' There went alfo with Lieutenant-General 
c Cromwell his own Regiment of Horfe, and two 

* Troops more of Dragoons. 

*Col. Thornhaugh's Regiment lay there upon the 
1 Pafles of the Severn, in Wore eft erjhire and Shrop- 
4 Jhire, and were appointed to have an Eye to 
c North-Wales, fave one Troop thereof, which is 

* afligned to Coventry ; but whither that Regiment 

* is now ordered by the Lieutenant-General is not 

* here known otherwife than as in the Letter.' 

Major MARKHAM'S LETTER inclcfed in the 

To the Right Excellent and Honourable THOMAS 

Belvoir, May 16, 1648. 

May it pleafe your Excellency, 
c C I N C E my leaving Belvoir-Cafik^ according^^,. ffo 

* to your Excellency's Command, I find the Major Mark- 

* Country thereabouts /who were formerly ve 

* malignant, to be much more exafperate, and gi 

* out daily Threatnings to difpoflefs me. I have 
' forty Horfe by your Excellency's Command ; but 

* Foot are moft proper for the Duty of this Place, 

* though the Horfe are abfolutely necefTary to awe 
' the Malignsnts, who were never fo high. May I 
f moft humbly befeeeh your Excellency to appoint 

* me forty Foot, by which I may become enabled 

* to difcharge my Truft, and evidence myfelf the 

* Kingdom's, and, 


Tour Excellency's, moji humble 

and faithful Servant, 

1 54 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. Next was read the Commitee of Safety's Report 
t '648 ^ O f tne Tranfactions of Major Defborough and the 
May< Commiflioners fent down to Bury^ in Suffolk, to 
fupprefs a Riot in that Town ; where, as Mr. 
the fuppreffingan ^'^^ informs us, ' Six hundred Men got to- 
Infurreftion at gether in Arms, about fetting up a May-pole, cry- 
Bury, in Suffolk. j ng out p or God and Kin g Charles, laid hold on 
fome of the Parliament's Soldiers, and fet Guards 
in feveral Places. 

INSTRUCTIONS for Sir William Playters and Sir 
Thomas Bernardifton, appointed to go to Bury, 
, in the County of Suffolk. 

c \7 O U are to make your Repair with what con- 

* * venient Speed you can, to Bury St. Edmund's, 
' in the County of Suffolk. 

* You, or either of you, are there to inform 
' yourfelves of the Grounds and Caufes of the late 
' Infurre&ions ; and, upon the Knowledge of them, 
' you are to endeavour, by all fair and peaceable 

* Ways, to perfuade them to a peaceable and quiet 
' Submiflion. 

* You, or either of you, are to let them know 
' that, in cafe they will lay down their Arms and 

* reftore the Magazine which they feized upon, and 

* fubmit themfelves to the Houfes of Parliament, 

* that they fhall be indemnified for feizing the 

* Magazine, or any other Aft done in the late 

* Tumult. 

* If you find that, after the ufing all fair Means, 

* you cannot prevail with them to make an abfo- 
' lute Submiflion, you are not to capitulate with 

* them ; but immediately to fend to fuch of the 

* Horfe of Col. IVbalefs Regiment as are neareft 
' quartered unto you, who have Order to follow 
' fuch Directions as they fhall receive from you 
' for the fupprefling of the faid Tumult. 

' You are to fend to fuch Deputy-Lieutenants 
' and Juftices of the Peace as you {hall think fit, 

* for your Afliftance in this Service. 

< You 

of E N G L A N D. 155 

* You are to ufe all poffible Expedition In this An. 24 Car. I. 

* Bufmefs, it being of that Nature that it admits of t J 6 * 8 ' , 

* no Delay ; and you are to giye Notice to this ju^C"""" 
' Committee of your Proceedings herein.' 

The COMMISSIONERS Account of their PRO- 

To the Right Hon. the COMMITTEE of LORDS and 

COMMONS for the Safety of the Kingdom, at 

Bury St. Edmund's, May 15, 1648. 
Right Honourable, 

TP H E Account we {hall give to your Lord- 
{hips as to your Commands touching this 
Bufinefs at Bury St. Ednnnd's, will be beft re- 
prefented by thefe inclofed Papers ; which were 
in Agitation before your Inftrudlions came down, 
and concluded within fome few Hours after. 
We are now in quiet Pofleflion of the Town, 
upon fuch Conditions as therein are exprefled. 
We had the Affiftance of two Troops of my Lord 
General's Regiment, and three of Col. Fleetwood's 
withj three of the Trained Bands of Sir Thomas 
Bernardi/lon's Regiment, who are very ready to 
do Service therein. 

' We cannot yet difcover the Bottom of this 
Defign. There was not much Blood {bed, but upon 
a Skirmifti in a Sally out, there were two of the 
Town killed, and none ofr ours, only two Horfes. 
* There were Drums beat up laft Saturday at 
Tbttford, in Norfolk, and many tumultuoufly af- 
fembled j but were foon fuppreifcd by the Mayor's 
Power. We hear this Day of the like at S:ow- 
Market, in this County ; which we have taken 
Care of, and hope to render a good Account 
therein j and, not further to be troublefome, ever 

Tour Lor djhips faithful Servants 

WILL. SOAME, Dep. Lieut. 


Tie Parliamentary H i s T o it y 

A MESSAGE from the Townfmen to the above. 

l 1648. 

THAT the Magiftrates of the Town tind 
themfelves unable to appeafe the Tumult, 
and therefore have written to Mr. Wrindue to 
come over and treat with Sir Thomas Bernardijlon 
and Major Dejbor&ugh To-morrow about Noon ; 
and therefore are humble Suitors to. Major 
Dejborough^ that A6b of Hoftility may be for- 
borne till that Time be expired ; and before that 
Time, haply, the Meflenger feat by us may be 
returned from the Parliament. 


May, 14, 1648.. 

C* OR preventing tb Effufion of Blood, \ fend 
" this to let you know, that if you w.ho are in 
Arms in the Town to deliver up your Arms, 
to be difpofed of by myfelf and the Magiftrates of 
the Town, and depart every Man to his own 
Houfe, I will not fuffer any Man's Perfon to be 
hurt, or his Eftate plundered ; but if any do re-, 
fufe this Offer, they muft expect to be dealt with, 
all according to their Demerits. I expect your 
pofitive Anfwer within one Hour, being refolved 
to lofe no Time in compelling fuch as are ob- 



SIR, May 14, 1648. 

THERE are many Gentlemen that cans 
out of the Country to affift us from ill 
Ufage, that we might have received from the 
Original of this Occafion ; they being in Defence 
for the Good of the Town, we fhall deftre that 
they may be permitted, if they pleafe, either to 
ftay in Town upon their Occafions, or depart at 

* their 

$f IE N G L A N D. 157 

* their Pleafure; alfo to take their own private Arms An> ** ar * lt 

* with them, and be fecured from any Danger for . ^_L 

' the future, for any A6t done fmce this Occafion ; Kf a y. 
c and that each Man, defiring to pafs to any Place, 

* may have yours and the Commander in Chiefs 

* Hand to pafs quietly. This being confirmed by 

* Sir Thomas feernardiftcn^ Major Dejborougb^ and 

* the Aldermen of this Town, we do engage our- 

* felves, that they (hall lay down their Arms, ex- 

* cept their own allowed by their Pafles to be car- 

* ried with them. This to be effected To-morrow 

* Morning by Ten o'Clock, with a Releafe of all 
' Perfons on either Side. 

' For thofe in Arms belonging to the Town 

* your own Conditions propounded, with this Ad- 
' dition of Security for the future, viz* 

1. ' Horfes, Piftols, and Swords to be allowed; 
c Hereof Piftols are denied. 

2. * No Violence upon Perfon or Eftate in fu- 

* ture : Granted. 

3. No Officer or Gentleman, whether Stran- 

* ger or Townfmen, {hall be forced to leave his 

* Sword, Horfe, and Piftols, or be imprifoned : All 
' this denied. 

.A/". 5. * This was delivered by two, in the Name 

* of eight of the Town of Bury, remaining of the 
' twelve Ring-leaders. 


May 14, 1648. 

' A S to the Gentlemen that came into the 
' "^ Town to aflift in the Prevention of Difor- 
4 ders there, the Number as we are informed not 

* exceeding five, we do agree they {hall have Pafles 
' to go peaceably to their own Dwellings; and there 

* to abide free from Violence to Perfons or Eftates 
' for the future, offered by us or any under our 

* Command ; and to have their Swords and Horfes 

* with them, they behaving themfelves peaceably, 

* and obediently to the Authority of Parliament. 

4 The Priforiers we fhall leave in Town with the 

* Aldermen, upon your Delivery of our Prifonerb. 


158 5fe Parliamentary HrsToRV 

An. 24 car. f. As to the Inhabitants of the Town, according 

v__LA___, ' to our former Offer, we agree they {hall be pro- 

AJay. * tected from Violence to their Perfons or Eftutes ; 

' and (hall not be injured by us, nor any under 

' our Commands for the future, they behaving 

' themfelves peaceably, and being obedient to the 

' Authority of Parliament. 

' To thefe Particulars we agree, upon Condi- 
' tion that we quietly enter the Town To-morrow 

* Morning at Nine o'Clockj and that all the Arms 

* and Ammunition (except the Swords allowed to 

* Strangers) be at that Time laid down in the 
' Market- Houfe, and be at the Difpofal of Sir 

* Thomas Eernardijhn and the Chief Magiftrates of 
' the Town. 

* We expect to know your Resolutions in order 

* to thefe Particulars this Night by Eleven. 


A WARRANT_/T<WZ Sir Marmaduke Langdale^ and 
others of the KING'S COMMISSIONERS, yir levying 
Men and Arms. 

To the CONSTABLES of the Parijb of Morton and 
every of them. 

May 14, 1648. 

T> Y virtue of his Majefty's Commiflion to us 
directed, for fecuring the Counties aflbciated 
in Maintenance of his Majefty's Rights and Pri- 
vileges, the Liberties of the Subject, and the 
Laws of the Land, thefe are, in his Majefty's 
Name, to will and require you forthwith, upon 
View hereof, to fend twenty ferviceable Horfes 
to the Town of Bury for the faid Service, with 
Arms and Men to as many of them as you can 
furnifti, for which you {hall receive the Benefit 
of his Majefty's Declaration on this Behalf. 
Hexeof fail YOU not.' 



3f ENGLAND. 159 

Laftly was read a Letter from the Lord Fairfax, An. 24 Car. I. 

with feveral Papers inclofed, relating to a high , ' * 8 ' ^ 

Quarrel between the Mayor of Exeter and the May> 
Soldiery there. 

For the Right Honsurable the COMMITTEE of 
LORDS and COMMONS for Safety, fitting at ' 

Windfor-CaJlk, May 18, 1648. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 
T Received a Letter from Sir Hardrefs Waller, A Letter from 

concerning a late very ill Carriage towards Y* d Fairfa *> 
him and his Soldiers at Exon, to the Effect as you c ng 
will fee in the Papers inclofed. I thought fit 
to tranfmit the Bufmefs wholly to your Lord- 
fhips, defiring it may be fo far taken into Con- 
fideration, as that fome timely Courfe may be 
taken to prevent the like Mifcarriages, and the 
putting of the Soldiery to the like Extremities, 
where the Parliament find Caufe to continue any; 
and to take away Occafions of the like Difcou- 
ragement to the Soldiery, or Danger of the like 
Trouble betwixt the People and them, in that 
or in other Places. It is a Time that there are 
fo many Endeavours of feveral Parties to difaffect 
the Soldiers from the Parliament's Service, or at 
leaft to make them ftagger and fcruple their 
Perfiftance in it, as there had need be no further 
Difcouragements as thefe, whereby to give the 
Advantage of more Work to thofe evil Spirits. I 
* remain, 

Your Lordjhips humble Servant, 

A LETTER fnm Sir Hardrefs Waller to the Lord 
Fairfax, referred to in the foregoing. 

Plymouth, May 15, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Excellency, 

4 HpH E Times are fo full of Diftempers, and Sir * ardrefs 
; L Men's Hearts fo big with Mifchief, that ^of' g C ,"t 
' I cannot hope to free your Lordihip from Ad- Difconteaw ac 
? vertifements Exetet ' 

^2* Parliamentary HISTORY 

vertifements of that Nature. Thefe Gountie 5 
are f g ener ally for the King's Party (or, if pof- 
' fible, worfe Enemies) that I admire they are not 

* all in one Flame ; God's Providence is infinitely 
' feen in that they are not; and the intolerable ill 

* Pay of the Soldiers make their Tempers little 
6 better. The Committees, except fome few, are" 

* fuch as either they do not appear, or elfe feem 

* to incorpbrate with the Cavaliers : And befides 
' thefe generally, there hath a Particular happened 

* of that high Concernment, that I think it my 
Duty to haften Notice thereof, finding all thefe 
< Parts in fuch a Diftemper. 

* I fent as civil a Letter as I could pen, to the 
Mayor and Aldermen of Eton, that I had fent 
c fome Men to fecure that City, and withal march- 

* ed the Men into the Town ; at which the Town 
' was' put into fuch a Rage, by the ill Carriage of 

* the Magiftrates, that it is even a Miracle how we 
1 eicaped cutting of Throats ; and although the 
' whole Body of Mayor and Aldermen were com- 
bined in the Bufmefs, yet only the Mayor and 
6 Mr. Clarte (a Member of the Houfe of Com- 

* mons) exprefled their Approbation of the Vio- 

* lence ; the Particulars thereof appear in the feve- 

* ral Atteftations of Officers herewithal fent your 
' Excellency. 

' I was once fully refolved to fend up the Mayor 

* and Mr. Clarke as Prifoners, and fo to deftre that 

* both they and the feveral Informations might be 

* prefented by your Excellency to the Parliament ^ 
' but defiring rather to fit down with Suffering and 

* Wrong, than give the leaft Occafion of Offence 
' on my Part, made me to forbear until I had fent 
' firft to your Lordfhip to know your Pleafure and 
Directions therein ; it being a Matter, as we 

* conceive, of very great and near Concernment. 

e The Foot I fent into the Town were, by Ap~ 

* pointment of the Magiftrates, kept out of the 

* Houfes from Monday till Thurfda^ when I went 
with two Troops of Horfe s and fo was fain at laft 



9j E N G L A N D. 161 

to force Quarters, and break open Doors to let the An- a* Car. I. 
Soldiers in ; and principally the Mayor and Mr. t * * ' 
Clarke, who were the Chief of all : And thus, Maj, 
being defirous that thefe may not be filled with 
too many Particulars that favour thus ill, altho* 
I have very many of that Kind to write of, I (hall 
only fue for fome Advice touching thefe j and fo 

Tour Excellency's 

Mojl entirely devoted Servant} 

Lieutenant-Colonel SALMONS INFORMATION relate 
ing to the Difturbances at Exeter. 

Monday, May 8, 1648. 

r\ N the Day aforefaid, I rendezvoufed at Ede Seven! Informs* 
^^ fix Companies of Foot of Sir Hardrefs tion* relating 
Waller's Regiment ; which fix Companies I was thereto * 
commanded to conduct to Exon, to the end I 
might fecure the faid City againft any Surprize or 
other Attempt ; as alfo to hinder any Tumult or 
Infurreclion. From the Rendezvous I fent the 
Quarter -Mafter to take up Quarters in Exon ; 
and, not long after, I came to the faid City, 
where I delivered a Letter to the Mayor and Al- 
dermen from my Colonel, Sir Hardrefs Waller j 
at which Time I alfo acquainted them with the 
Order for my marching thither, and defired that 
Quarters might be provided for the faid fix Com- 
panies under my Command j whereupon the faid 
Mayor and Aldermen defired me to withdraw ; 
and, foon after calling me in again, they defired 
two Hours Time to confider of it; and, during 
that Time, that the Soldiers might be flayed 
without the City. To which I replied, That 
the Soldiers were already come in, or very nigh 
the City ; upon which they faid, I had furprized, 
them, and that they would not appoint us Quar- 
ters ; but faid, They looked upon us as Enemies, 
VOL. XVII. L and 

1 62 'The Parliamentary H r s T o K ir 

An. 24 Car. I. * an d Men not fit to be trufted ; and that if they 
' had received more timely Notice of our marching 
in, they would have (hut the Gates againft us, 
and have kept us out; and further, except we 
' would- march out again, they would return no- 
' other Anfwer than formerly,. Whereupon I re- 

* paired to the Companies, and acquainted the 
' Officers with th"e aforefard Offers, dcfiring to 

* know whether they were willing to march ou* 
c again or no ; who anfvvered negatively :. After 

* which Anfwer I in-ftantly went agaki to the 
' Mayor, accompanied with divers of our Officers, 
c and acquainted the Mayor and Aldermen that, 

* by reafon of their long March,, the Officers and 1 
' Soldiers were unwilling to march out of the 

* Towa, but were willing, to {ray in- the Church- 
, *' Yard until their Quarters were appointed : 

' Whereupon Mr. Mayor replied, He would not 

* appoint us any Quarters. At which Conference 

* Mr. Clarke^ jun, of Exon; faid y That we of the 
' Army had done no Service for the Parliament ; 
' and that the additional Ordinance touching Bil^ 
e letting and Quartering was not an Ordinance of 

* Parliament. After which Difcourfe we returned 
c to our Companies, acquainting them that we 

* could not quarter them that Night without Di- 

* fturbance and Hazard of much Bloodfhed. 

' I having received Intelligence that Mr. Mayoi? 

- -* had commanded the Citizens to fhut up their 

' Shops and Doors to prevent our quartering ; and 

* that if we Ihould offer to force into their Houfes 

* for Quarter,, or make any Stir, that the Bell? 

* fliould ring that fo the Town might rife againft 

* us ; after the Hearing of this, I again returned 

* to Mr. Mayor, and certain other Officers with 
* me y and coming to his Houfe found the Door 

* fhut,. where I knocked, defiring to fpeak with 

* Mr. Mayor ; who, coming to the Door, demand- 
c ed what my Bufmefs was, and faid if it was for 
' quartering of Soldiers, he would keep the Doors 
' againft us : But I replying I came only to fpeak 

* with him,.he opened the Door j when, after En- 

* trance* 

# ENGLAND* 163 

trance, I acquainted him that I heard he had An. 24 Car. l 

commanded the Citizens to fhut up their Shops 

and Doors againft us, and if our Men {hould 

make any Stir for Quarter that the Bell {hould be 

rung out, that the City might generally rife againft 

us ; who told me it was true he had given that 

Command : Whereupon I told him I was forry 

to hear it, and that notwithstanding his harfh 

Command, I {hould. endeavour to preferve the 

Peace of the City ; and therefore defired that he 

would be pleafcd to appoint me fome Churches or" 

Out-houfes, where my Soldiers might befhelter- 

ed from the Weather j whereupon he gave me; 

the Key of a Church, too little to contain half 

my Men. I defiring that he would appoint fomd 

other Places or Churches more for the Men to.lie 

in, this he utterly refufed ; infomuch, that I was 

conftrained to quarter one Company where Hogs 

ufually lay, another in a Church Porch and 

Yard, a third in a little Church appointed by 

the Mayor, the fourth and fifth in an open Place 

under a Part of the Common Hall, and I perfuad- 

ed the fixth Company to feek out a Quarter, who, 

after diligent Inquiry, found out and lodged in 

the Hofpital and Yard. Thus having, from 

Time to Time, acquainted the Mayor with the 

Mifery of our being at prefent without Quarter^ 

and thus having'laid three Nights, I was conftratn- 

ed to quarter my Men, without the Afliftance of 

the Magiftrates, they ftill refufing to give me any 

Afliftance or Directions in it. 

* All this I am ready to depofe, and much mors 

* to this Purpofe will be teftified by others.* 


The INFORMATION" of four, other Officers. 

Exon-CaJlle, May n, 1648. 

* \A7 E having been often with the Mayor of 
' * * this City for Money to pay our Soldiers, 

* which was ordered to be paid us by the Commit- 

La * tee 

i 64 *Ihe Parliamentary H i s T o R Y 

An. 24 Car. i. < tee of the Army out of the AfTeffinent of this Ci- 
' ty, ; were ftill delayed from Time to Time ; fome- 
' times' we had fair Language, other Times very 
harm; which fo much provoked our Soldiers 
' that,- at feverel Times, we doubted the Men 
' would mutiny j and this we urged to prevent 

* Danger, and to ftir up the Mayor and Commifli- 
' oners to provide for us. He' anfwered, That if 
' the Soldiers fhould demean themfelves well, he 
f would order them Pay j and withal commanded 
' them that they (hould wear no Arms in the City; 
6 if they did, they muft arm themfelves alfo. And 

* they have been fo backward, that to this Day lit- 
c tie more than half of the firft fix Months Pay is 

* paid to us, tho' there be more than the whole nine 
' Months due to us fince the i5th of January laii; 

* and for the other three Months there is not any 

* Thing done in it ; they ftill thus delaying us, we 
' defired (being unwilling to a6l without them) 
c that they would join with us to conftrain the re- 
*" fpe&ive Landlords to credit the Men till they 

* could get the Money collected, which they pro- 

* milled to do ; but when we came to defire them 
*' to make k good, the Mayor then denied it, re- 
c plying, they had better confidered of it; and withal 
4 he told divers of the aforefaid Landlords, that 

* they were not to truft them, if they did, they 

* (hewed an* ill Example ; and further told them, 
the Soldiers were quartered by a particular Order 
' from the General. It was anfwered, Did the 
4 General act any thing without the Confent of 
*" the Parliament ? He replied, He would not now 

* difpute it with us ; and alfo faid, he wondered 

* what Defign we had to keep fo many Soldiers in 
' this Place; tho' there were none here but what 

* belonged to this Garrifon. All which will be 

* teftified by us the Officers thereof, 






Monday^ May 8, 1648. 

T leutenant-Colonel Sofaton t with other Officers 
^~* under Command of Sir Hardrefe Waller^ 
came to Mr. Mayor's Houfe of Exon, and defired 
his Affiftance for the quartering the Soldiers then 
-in or near the Town, commanded thither by Sir 
Hardrefs Waller for that End, the Reafons where- 
of were demonftrated to the faid Mayor ; who, 
amongft many other Speeches of the like follow- 
ing Nature, did anfv/er to the abovefaid Defire of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Salmon, That we (viz. the 
Officers and Soldiers) came hither to furprizethe 
City ; and if he had known of our coming fooner 
he would have kept us out: And moreover faid, 
That we are not to be trufted ; and that he 
looked upon us as Enemies, &c- And Mr. 
Clarke , jun. a Member of the Parliament, did fay 
to the fame Effect j adding, That we (meaning 
the Army under the Command of the Lord Fair- 
fax) had done no Service for the Parliament. He 
did further fay .to Captain Defborough^ then pre- 
fent, that if he were a Member of the Army when 
,the Remonftrances were made at Hammerfmith, 
that then he was one of them which would have 
pulled the Parliament out by the Ears. The Mayor 
abovefaid did further fay, That he cared not fpr 
Sir Hardrefs f&alltr's Qrders concerning Quarter- 
ing. Mr. Clarke added, That if the Lord-Gene- > 
ral himfelf did come to the City to quarter as we 
did, he would oppofe him ; and that the late Or- 
dinance .of Parliament about Quartering was no- 
Ordinance of Parliament, but the General's and 
Army's. This is a true Information of fpme ob- 
fervable Paflages which were then fpoken; all 
which I fhall make good, if called to it, upon 
> Oath/ 

L 3 37v. 


A". 2+ Cat. 

i6 4 3. 


TJje Parliatneirtary HISTORY 

* *The INFORMATION of Captain HODDEN. 

May II, 1648. 

(~\N Monday the 8th of this Inftant May t 
coming with Lieutenant-Colonel Salmon and 
other Officers to the Mayor's Hcufe at Exon, 
where we defired Dire6tions and Affiftance from 
him for quartering of the fix Companies then 
come into the City with us ; at that Time and 
Place the faid now Mayor of Exon faid, That he 
had appointed the Gates to be ihut when he heard 
of our coming, and would have kept us forth, 
had -he heard more timely of our Coming ; and 
laid, he looked upon us as Enemies, and would 
not yield that we fhould have any Quarter in the 
City ; but commanded the Shops and Doors to be 
fhut ; and faid we (hould have no Quarter. There 
v/as one Mr. Clarke^ a Member of Parliament, 
who faid we came to furprize Mr. Mayor ; that 
we of the Army did no Service for the Parlia- 
ment; and that the laft additional Directions for 
Quartering was not the Parliam nt's Ordinance, 
but was made by the General und Army, or fome 
factious Party. 

1 At a fecond Going to Mr. Mayor with the faid 
Lieutenant Colonel -Salmon^ to dehi'c Room to 
keep the Soldiers dry that Night, faying we would 
fuffer very much rather that be ariv Caufeof Dif- 
turbance to the City, for we came to Quarter 
there according to Ordinance of Parliament, being 
deilrous to prcferve and keep the Peace, where- 
ever we came; Lieutenant-Colonel Salmon told 
the Mayor that he heard vhe B-.iis ihould be rung 
to raife the City againft the Soldiers ; to which 
Mr. Mayor anfwered, That it was true he had 
commanded the Market Bell to ring out if any 
Difturbance fhould happen to be, and thereby to 
caufe the City to rife upon theSoldiers. Notwith- 
ftanding, to prevent Blood-fhedding or other in- 

* conveniences, we lay ;in Yar'ds-and in the Streets, 

* to this Day, without any Quarters, This I am 

* ready to make good on Oath, when required. 


of E N G L A N D. 167 

An, 24 Car. J. 

77)* INFORMATION of Captain DESBOROUGH *6j.s. 

and Captain C H u T E . v w ' 


jfc&v n, 1648, 

f\ N Tucfday the gth of ^^y, being command- 
ed by Lieutenant-Colonel Salmon to go to 
Mr. Mayor's Houfe of ^w, to defire an Anfwer 
touching his Refolution of quartering our Sol- 
diers, the Mayor told us, That the Aldermen and 
Common Council-Men had agreed, with himfelf, 
that he fhould not aflift us in Quartering. He fur- 
ther faid, We were not fit to be trufted 5 and that 
we had done more fiurt to the Kingdom than 
Good. He alfo told us, there were Inns, Ale- 
houfes, and Taverns enough to give us Quarters ; 
to which Anfwer of his we defired his Directions 
and Afllftance to quarter there; but he anfwered 
in the negative. Then we defired him he would 
be pleafed to appoint any of the Conftables to 
aflift us ; but the faid Mayor anfwered us as for- 
merly. Then we further defired of him, That 
if any Tumult or InfurreiStion fhould happen by 
means of our Quartering, we being Strangers in 
the City, whether or no he would be pleafed to 
aflift us in the Prefervation of the Peace of the 
City ; he anfwered, He would not. This we are 
ready to depofe upon Oath. 


Upon reading thefe Papers in the Houfe of Com- 
mons, they refolved that the Forces under Sir Har- 
drefs Waller , at Exeter, be forthwith removed 
thence j and that a Letter be fent from their 
Speaker to the General, to defire immediate Execu- 
cution of that Order. 

May 20. The Parliament were now in great Fears 

again, on occafion of the laft and other Intelligence 

from different Parts ; and this Day the following 

JDcclaration, for preventing tumultuous Afieinbliei.- 

L 4. under 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. under Pretence of prcfcnting Petitions to Pailiar 
ent, was agreed to by both Houfes. 

I6 4 8 - 

A Declaration a- 

Kinft prefVnting 
:titions to Par- 
liament in a tu- 
nrj-uoui Man-* 

HP H E Lords and Commons in this prefect 
Parliament aflembled do declare. That as it 
is the Right and Privilege of the Subjects of 
England^ to prefent unto the Parliament their juft 
Grievances, by way of Petition, in a due Man- 
ner; and they (hall be always ready to receive fuch 
Petitions, and to provide fuch Remedies for Re- 
drefs of fuch Grievances, as they in their \Vifdom 
and Judgment (hall think beft ; fo, in regard that 
by tumultuous AfTemblics of Perfons in feveral 
Counties and Cities of this Kingdom, in the 
framing of fuch Petitions, divers Plots and De- 
figns are carried on by Malignants and Delin- 
quents, and Perfons ill-affe&edjto the endangering 
the Deftru&ion of Religion, this prefent Parlia- 
ment, and the Laws of this Kingdom, and Liber- 
ties of the Subjeclj and, by the like tumultuous 
prefenting of the fame by great Numbers of 
Rioters and ill-affected Perfons, contrary to for- 
mer Ufages in antient Times, many Mifchiefs 
have enfued, and Bloodmed ; and both Houfes of 
Parliament hindered and interrupted in their De- 
bates and Refolutions, concerning the Settlement 
of the f great Affairs, Peace, and Safety of the King- 
dom ; the faid Lords and Commons do hereby de- 
clare and ordain, and be it ordered and ordained 
by Authority of this prefent Parliament, That 
every fudi Petition, which hereafter (hall be 
brought up and prefented to the Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, from any County or City, or otherwife, 
fhall be brought up and prefented only by a con- 
venient Number, not exceeing twenty Perfons j 
and all fuch Petitions (hall be by them delivered 
to the Knights, Citizens, or Burgefles, who ferve 
in Parliament for the faid County, City, or Bo- 
rough, from whence the faid Petitions come, or 
to fome Member of either of the faid Houfes, by 
them to be offered to the taid refpeclive Houfes '; 


^ENGLAND, 169 

nnd that ail Perfons who {hal} bring up any fuch An. 24 Car. I. . 
Petition, do behave themfelves peaceably, order- L l6 4 8 ^ 
]y, ?nd without Offence. And if any Perfon or M 
Perfons {hall hereaiter, under any fuch or the like 
Pretence, lumultuoufly afiemble as aforefaid, the 
faid Perfon or Perfons fo offending, ftull be ad- 
judged as Perfons ill affected to the Parliament 
and Kingdom.' 

The Commons were in fo great Hafle to have 
this Declaration difperfed among the People, that, 
in their Order of the 22cl for publifhing the fame 
in all the Market-Towns throughout every County, 
the Printer was enjoined to bring in a fufficient 
Number of Copies to be diftributcd by the Knights 
and Kurgcffes accordingly, the very next Day, by 
Twelve of the Clock at the fartheit. 

We have before taken Notice of a remarkable 
Petition from the County of Surry, prefented, on 
the 1 6th of this Month, to the Houfe of Commons 
in a riotous Manner ; that thereupon they had re- 
fufed to give any Anfwer tqit. and had appointed a 
Committee to examine into the Occafion and Cir- 
cumfrances of the Riot: However, we find the Several Memtx 
Commons thought it more prudent, at this Criffs, ?PP oil \ ted * g 
to footh, than to exafperate, the Petitioners; for on^Aoount^f 7 ' 
this Day they made an Order, That the Members the late Petitiwi 
who fetved for Surry, and other Members dwel-[ rom thatCou - 
ling in that County, be defired to go down there. 7 ' 
The following Instructions were alfp drawn up, 
and fent by Sir Richard Onflow to the Houfe of 
Lords, who gave their Concurrence. 

INSTRUCTIONS for fucb Lords, and Members of tie 
Houje of Commons, as Jhall be fent into the County of 

* HP HAT the Earl of Northumberland be defired 

* to g Suddenly down, with fuch other Gen- 
' tlemen as the Houfe fhall pleafe to nominate, into 

* the County of Surry. 


170 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 14 Ca*. I. That they ufe their Endeavours, by the befl 

t >6 48- J , Ways and Means they (hall think fit, ; to inform 

May. ' tne County of Surry of the undue Manner of de- 

* livering a Petition to the Houfes, on Tuefday laft, 
' by many of the Inhabitants thereof; and of the 
' great Diforder that was amongft the Petitioners, 

* by tumultuous Shoutings, whilft the Houfes were 
' in ConiideratioH, of the Petition ; to the drawing 
' together many difaffe&ed Perfons in and about 
' Jf^eJJminJJer^ to the Danger and Interruption of 

* the peaceable Sitting of the Houfes. 

' That the Houfes cannot attribute thofe Difor- 

ders to that County ; but do retain in Memory 

' their many faithful Services and good Affections 

x * exprefled to the Parliament ; and doubt not but 

* thofe Diftempers that fell out were contrary to 
'"the Defires and Liking of that County. 

* That they inform the Inhabitants of that 

* County, That the Houfes of Parliament intend 
4 not to hinder their prefendng of Petitions in a 
* due and fitting Way ; but fhall be ready to give 
' all Encouragement and Anfwers thereunto, for 
* the Satisfaction of their juft Defires. 

* That the Houfes are upon the prefent Confide- 
f ration of Matters of moft weighty Concernment to 
' the Settlement of the Kingdom in a fafe and hap- 
py Peace; and expect to be free from tumultuous 
4 Interruptions therein. 

c That the Houfes have ordered the reftoring 

* fuch Horfes as were taken away from divers of 
' the Petitioners, that behaved themfelves in a 
' peaceable Manner at that Time : And they fhall 
' take Care that the whole Bufmefs be duly ex- 
amined ; and that all Witnofles be freely heard ; 
' and expect that no Mifreprefentations may be 

* made thereof in the mean Time/ 

The fame Day Mr. Annefley reported the Sub- 
7VCi'*<*Lon-fc mce of the Anfwer of the Common Council of 
ioVrefolve to London^ to the Committee of both Houfes who 
siberetothc v .'cnt into the City on the igth, viz, * That they 

w j t h a ll Thailkfulnefs, the 

< great 

tf ENGLAND. 171 

c great Pains and Care of the Parliament for them : An. 24 Car. I. 

* That their Refolutions were conftant, to remain 
Hrmiy conjoined in Oppofition to the common 
Enemy, who watch for their Ruin : That they 
look upon the News the Committee brought them, 
as Light breaking through the Clouds : And that 
fhey do refolve, in pursuance of the Solemn 
League and Covenant, to live and die with the 

May 23. This Day a Petition was prefentcd to 
both Houfes of Parliament from the City of Lon- 
don ; which was as follows : 

To the Right Honourable the COMMONS, in the 
High Court of Parliament a[jtmble'd t 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Alder- 
men andCommonS) of the City of London in Common 
Council ajjcmbled) 

HP H A T as your Petitioners, in all Humility, And petition for 
do thankfully acknowledge the many former the Difcharge of 
Fav6urs of this Honourable Houfe manifefted to * 

this City, fo i'n particular in granting their De- 
fires, exprefTed in their late Petition concerning 
the Tower and Militia of London ; and in com- 
m'utiicating unto the Petitioners feveral Votes of 
both Houfes of Parliament ; wherein, to your Pe- 
titioners great Joy and Comfort, are exprefied 
your Refolutions, That you will not alter the 
Fundamental Government of the Kingdom, by 
King, Lords, and Commons : That you will pre- 
ferve inviolably the Solemn League and Covenant, 
and the Treaties between the Kingdoms of Eng- 
land and Scotland; and that you will be ready to 
join with the Kingdom of Scot/and in the Propofi- 
tions agreed upon by both Kingdoms, and the 
Prefervation of the Union according to the Cove- 
nanr and Treaties. 

' And your Petitioners further humbly prefcnt 

to this Honourable Houfe, That the Inhabitants 

, - 'of 

*The Parliamentary HISTORY 

o f the City are much grieved, in that their Magi*, 
ftrates and Fellow-Citizens have, for a long 
Time, been under Reftraint, and the City there- 
by deprived of their Service ; and humbly pray. 
That in profecution ofyourfaid Votes, you will 
be pleafed to improve all good Opportunities in 
perfecting fo defirable a Good as is therein ex- 
preiTed, for the fpeedy Settlement of the Peacq,qf 
both Kingdoms, and Prefervation of the Urriori 
according to the Covenant and Treaties, and pre- 
venting a new and bloody War. 
* That the Aldermen now in the Tower , the Re- 
corder, and the reft of their Fellow- Citizens re- 
ftrained upon the fame Occafion, may be dif- 
charged and reftored ; whereby the City may "bp 
the better united, their Hands ftrengthened, and 
they made more ferviceable to the Parliament and 
City for their Prefervation and Safety, which they 
fhall endeavour to the utmoft of their Power and 

And the Petitioners Jhall ever pray ', &c. 

The Lords returned the Petitioners Thanks ; 
and gave them AfTurance of taking all Opportunities 
for a fpeedy Settlement of a fafe Peace in both King- 
doms, according to the Covenant; and endeavour- 
ing to prevent a new and bloody War: That 
upon the Impeachments fent from the Commons, 
they had procured no otherwife than in the ufual 
Courfe of Parliament : That as to the Recorder 
and the reft not impeached, they would endeavour 
their Releafe ; and afiured the City of their Inclina- 
tions to comply with thefe Defires from them, as a 
Means firmly to unite them, to faften their Hearts, 
and ftrengthen their Hands to ferve the Parliament, 
in order to the Eftabliftiment of Religion and the 
Peace of the Kingdom according to the Co- 

'The Speaker of the Houfe of Commons ac- 
quainted the Citizens, That the Houfe had con- 
fidered their Petition 5 that in it were many Defires 


of ENGLAND. 173 

which are expreffcd to tend very much to the Union An. 24 Car. I. 

of the City in itfelf : Which how much that Houfe y 5 4** f 

defirtd, would appear by the following Votes : JJTJ] 

1. * That Mr. Glynne, Recorder of the City, be Votes of the 
difcharged from any Proceedings upon the Vote Common* in 
,- , T , Con f <rqiience 
for his Impeachment. thereof 

2. ' The like Order made for Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel Raines ; the Colonels Chapman^ Vaughan, Cap- 
ley ^ Bromfald, and Hooker ; the Captains Jones and 
Cox. And, 

3. ' That, upon the Defire of the Militia of 
London, the Horfe and Foot in the Tower fhould be 
removed from thence, and joined with the Forces 
a't Whitehall and the Mews ; there to continue till 
the City declare they are in a Pofture to defend the 
Parliament and themfelves.' 

He alfo further informed them, That as to the 
Cafe of the Aldermen in the Tower, it was a Bufi- 
nefs of a very ferious and important Coniideratfon j 
and therefore the Houfe had refolded to refume the 
Debate of it on that Day Se'nnight. 

The Citizens being withdrawn, the Commons 
refolved, That fuch Members of their Committee 
as went to the laft Common Council, be enjoined 
to go to another, appointed to meet To-/norrow, 
and reprefent unto them the great Neceffity there who prefs the 
is for the Payment of the Arrears due from the City City to haften 
to the Army: That neither they, the Parliament, ^f^an due 
nor City, can be long fafe without a fpeedy Pay- t o the Army, 
ment of thofe Arrears; befides the Influence it hath 
upon other Parts, by the ill Precedent that this 
great City ihould be fo far behind in Arrears, at 
fuch a Time; and to prefs that 3O,OOoA of the (aid 
Arrears may be forthwith advanced j and the Re- 
mainder thereof brought in with ail Speed. 

May 24. The Commons ftill purfued their De- 
fign of beginning another Treaty with the King, 
for fettling a fafe and well-grounded Peace. And 
this Day the Queftion being put in that Houfe, 
That Religion and the Militia being firft fettled, 


1 74 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. a n( j t he Declarations, cV. being recalled, then a 
* ' * ' i Treaty fhould be had with the King upon the other 
May. Proportions fent to him at Hampton-Lourt, it paf- 
Andrefoiveto Ted in the Affirmative on a Divifion, 160 a?ainft 86, 
SKoC The Tellers for theQueftion,LordC;w^r^andSir 
Thomas Dacres ; againft it, Col. Boffeville and Col. 
Sydenbam. Thefe Propofitions being afterwards re- 
duced into Form, it appeared thereby that the King 
inuft agree to fettle the Prefbyterian Government 
for three Years, and the Militia, by Sea and Land, 
in the Hands of the Parliament for ten : And that 
all his Declarations, Proclamations, Judgments, 
Indictments, and Outlawries fhould be recalled and 
made null before axiy Treaty was to be had with 

May 26. The Lord Vifco.unt Say and Sele report- 
ed a Paper from the Committee at Dcrby-Houfi^ 
. which was read as follows : 

Die Vencris May 26, 1648. 

By the Committee of Lord* and Commons at Derby- 

Information of c f^dered, That it be reported to both Houfes, 
in Infurrretuon I - i \ r^< i 

intended in Lon- tnat this Committee having written to the 

don, and the ad- General to take Care for Prevention of the Dangers, 

jnFnou^f his that are imm ' nent f rom the Infurre&ions and Dif- 
Mjefty. tempers of the People in feveral Counties adjacent ; 

the Lord-General hath defired, that, to enable him 
to it, the Forces in the Tower and the Afrivs may 
be free to follow his Order for it : To offer it, 
thereupon, to the Confideration of the Houfes, if 
thofe Forces be made ufe of to that End, how the 
Houfes may fit fecure. 

That whereas this Committee formerly report- 
ed to the Houfes, that there was a Confpiracy car- 
ried on in and about London, under an Oath of Se- 
crefy ; that we have received feveral Informations 
fmce, that the faid Confpiracy is ftill carried on ; 
that the Committee of the Militia of London fent to 
this Committee a Copy of that Oath of their Aflb- 
-ciation, which is hereunto annexed. 


f ENGLAND. 175 

* tVe have alfo Intelligence, that, on Tuefday An. ^ c. 
next, there will be a Meeting at Black-Heath of the t * 
Kentijh Men ; the fame Day, of the Srry Men at May . 
Putney- Heath; and of the j^'* Men, at Wan/lead, 
and that they had Intelligence one with another, as 
we are informed. 

We are alfo informed, that the People about 
Greenwich and Deptford are rifen, and have feifed 
the Stores at Deptford' 

The Copy of the OATH ofSECREsY. 

iMprimis, // is covenanted and agreed by all the Par" 
ties to thefe Prefents, that all and every tif them 
Jhall 'forthwith voluntarily take the Oath and Covenant 
hereunto annexed, and fiall engage as many Friends ts 
j-oin with them in the fame as pojfible may be. 

Item, It is agreed that one or more Per fan or Per- 
fans, Parties to thefe Prefents, for every PariJJ) or Pre- 
dn ft Jhall be cleft ed to be Agents for the rejl, to UJl the 
Names of fuch Perfons within their Parijhes as Jhall 
voluntarily join with them in the faid Oath ; and they y 
from Time to Time, to hold Intelligence each with the 
other , as Occafion Jhall require, for the Advancement of 
the Defign. 

We do voluntarily fw ear by the Holy Evangelijls, 
and the Contents thereof, with our Lives and Fortunes 
to maintain, preferve } and defend the true Protejlant 
Religion ejlabiijhed by Law, the Laws of the Land, 
the juji Rights and Prerogatives of the King's Majejly 
and his SucceJJors, and the jujl Rights of his Subjifis ; 
and alfo to be faithful, true, and jujl unto all Perfons 
whomsoever here inter ejled, and faithfully to keep their 
Secrets ; alfo faithfully and duly to objerve, perform? 
and keep this Oath and Covenant, and above-recited 
Covenant, Orders, and Ordinances ; and not to reveal 
cr dif cover them to any but thofe who are or Jhall be 
hereby engaged. 

' J 

The foregoing Report having been laid before 
the Commons, they fent a Meflage to the Lords, 
idefiring the fame might be communicated to the 


he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. Common Councilof the City of London that Af> 
ternoon j which was agreed to, and done accord- 

Next a Letter, and Papers inclofed, from the 
Earl of Nottingham were read : 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord 9 Edinburgh, May 19, 1648. 

' A Ccording to your Lordfhips Command, we 
Forther Advices < \ fa& communicate your Lordfhips Votes of 

from the Com- i^tr7i-r i X rr^n t 

f hc 6th of May to the Committee of Jiltates here, 
Scotland. the firft Day they fat, and therewith Sid give in 

the inclofed Paper. We thought it was moft for 
your Lordftiips Service to do our Endeavour that 
they might be engaged to fome Anfwer, therefore 
we did fend it alone; and deferred our Reply to 
their Anfwer concerning the Perfons demanded 
by us, and the Towns of Berwick and Carlijle y 
formerly fent your Lordfhips ; but hearing they 
had put off their Debate upon the Votes, we 
gave in our Reply, of which the inclofed is a 
Copy. I have no more at prefent to add, but to 
aflure your Lord (hip that I am, 

My Lord, 
four Lordjhip's mojl humble Servant, 


Paper delivered by the ENGLISH COMMISSIONERS 
to the COMMITTEE of ESTATES above referred 

Edinburgh, May 15, 1648. 

TTfT 1 E have often declared to your Lordfhips 
VV the unfeigned Defires of both Houfes of 
the Parliament of England, to continue and pre- 
ferve the Union and brotherly Agreement betwixt 
them and the Parliament and Kingdom of Scot- 


^/ENGLAND. 177 

land; and now it may appear to your Lordfhips An. 24 Car. I. 
and all the World, how really they have endea- 
voured it by their Refolutions here incSofed, which 
we doubt not will give your Lordfhips Satisfac- 
tion. We are to give an Account to both Houfes 
of Parliament of your Lordfhips Acceptance of 
what they herein do offer, which we hope your 
Lordfhips will return to us with all convenient 

By Command of the Comm'tjjioners of the Parliament 
of England, 


Here follow the Votes of both Houfes of May 6, 
concerning the keeping of the Covenant and Trea- 
ties, and their Offer to join with the Proportions 
prefented to the King XLHampton-Coiirt.^-Qui thefe 
are already given at p. 130 of this Volume* 

The ANSWER of the COMMISSIONERS of both 
Houfes of the' Parliament of England, unto the 
federal Papers of the fecond and tenth of May 
Injlant, fent to them from the Honourable Parlia~ 
ment ^Scotland. 

Edinburgh, May 18, 1648. 

"D Y your Lordfhips Paper of the fecond of 
*** May Inftant, (in anfvverto ours of the igth 
and 29th of April] which yet we did not re- 
ceive till the loth, you are pleafed to inform "us, 
That the Perfons remanded are not within this 
Kingdom, and therefore you think it not necejfary 
to inji/t upon giving the Reafons of your Lord/hips 
former Anfwer, but offer us a Conference about it : 
To which we muft reply, That, by the fame 
Reafons, it is not neceflary to have any Confe- 
rence upon it ; but however we fhall not wave a 
Conference concerning the aforefaid Papers, if 
your Lordfhips fhall defire it, yet we wifhed it had 
been offered to us before thofe Gentlemen took 
their Journey from hence, fo much to the Preju- 
dice of England \ when (as we fhoilld not have 
VOL. XVII. M doubted 

Aa. . 4 Car. I. 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

dotibted to clear the Juftice of our Dcnr.r.nds fo) 
we might have had Hope to reap the Fruit of it, 
in having tnofe Perfons delivered to us, which 
might have prevented much Mifchief that hath 
and may happen to both Kingdoms. 
* For your Lordfhips Paper of the icth of May 
Inftant, in anfwer to ours of the 2d and 9th of 
May, as to that Part wherein your Lordfliips are 
pleafed to fay, That we bad^ in a former Addrtjs 
to you, informed jsur Lordjhips that Guards were 
kept in Berwick upon Tweed ; we affirm, if your 
Lordfliips will pleafe to perufe that Letter, it 
will appear that we did not inform your Lord- 
(hips that any Guards were there ; but only a 
Watch ofTownfmcn, which, by the Laws of the 
Kingdom of England, every Town may keep ; 
die Scope of our Letter being only to aflure your 
LorJfhips, that there were no Guards or Shew of 
Hoftility in a Garrifon there, it being the Refo- 
lution of the Parliament of England, and of us 
intruded by them, not only to keep the Treaties 
bet-.vixt the Kingdoms inviolable, but to avoid 
every thing that might have the leaft Appearance 
or a Breach ; and Therefore, altho' at that Time 
the Mayor and Officers of Ber-wick did give 
Charge to the Watch, that, during the Time of 
the then intended Horfe-Race, no Man that had 
been in Arms againft the Parliament fhould come 
into the Town ; yet, becaufe we heard that fome 
Members of the Parliament were unfatisfied with 
it, to avoid Offence the faid Watch was laid 
down. This being the Truth, whatever we ma)' 
fuffer at the prefent by the furpriiing and hold- 
ing of Bern::ck and Carlifitj yet our honeft and 
fmcere Intentions herein, we are aflured, is 
acceptable to God and all good Men ; and we are 
confident will, by God's Blefling, in the IfTue, 
be of more Advantage than if we had, unde 1 hand, 
carried on private, unworthy^ and unrighteous 
Defigns, againft our Agreement with this King- 
dom, to get them taken and held v.'ithout your 

4 Lord- 

of E N G L A N D: 

* Lordfhips Confent, although it had been to no An 

* other End but to prcfepve them from thofe who 
4 have been in Arms againft us ; and who, as they 
c have hitherto been, fo will a^ain be found to be 

* the real Enemies of both Kingdoms. . 

' As to that Part of the Anfwer your Lordfhips 

* are pleated to give us, That when you Jhall . le.cer- 

* tainly informed by what Perfons^ and by what Authi- 
' r//y, thofe Plates are-feized upon and garrifoned y we 
' may be confident that this Kingdom will do tkere- 

* upon what is juft y fit, and agreeable to tb'e 
' Solemn Covenant and Treaties ; and upon this cr 

* any other Thing elfe we have in Command from the 
' two Houfes, your Lord/hips are ready to appoint 

* fame to confer with us j we muft confefs this An- 

* fwer feemed very ftrange to us, when our Papers^ 
' to which your Lordfhips c!id relate, aflfured your 

* Lordfhips that they were fuch Perfons a? were 
' Enemies to the Parliament and Kingdom oiEng- 

* land; and thofe being Englijh Towns, if we had 

* faid no more, confidering the Ties that are be- 

* twixt thefe Kingdoms, although there had beer* 
' no Treaties betwixt us concerning thefe Towns,' 

* yet we conceive this had been fufficient Grounds, 

* in our faid Papers of the 2d and gth of May, 
' for our Demands ; but we did more particularly 
' tell your Lordfhips, that they were fuch as- went 
" from this City of Edinburgh to take and feize 

* them, and fome of thofe whom we had, in the 

* Name of the Parliament rf England'^ demanded 

* of your Lordfhips whilft they were here j and al- 

* though we cannot imagine but the . particular 

* Names of thofe Perfons are much better known 

* to many in this City than to us, feeing thofe inf 

* CarliJJe and Berwick have frequent and free Re-* 

* courfe hither, even the Commanders in thefe 

* Towns ; yet we (hall more particularly acquaint 

* your Lordfhips, as we are credibly .informed^ 

* that of thefe we have demanded, Sir Ala'rmaduke 

* Langdale did feize Berwick^ and commands the 

* Forces there and thereabouts in Chief; and tha? 

M ?, 

*fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

with him there is Col. George Wray, and many 
fuch like that have been Papifts in Arms j and that 
Sir Philip Muferave hath taken and holds Car lifts, 
and that with him is Capt. Wogsn and his Troop; 

* which, :.s to the Pcrfons, we hope will give your 
' Lordfhips Sati;fution : However, we conceive it 
' was altogether unneceffary, further than to an- 
' fwer your Lordlhips Query in our Papers ; for if 

* thofe Towns be taken, feized and held, as they 
' are, contrary to the Treaties, it is a Breach in 
' any whom foe ver. 

' For your Lordftiips Defire to know by what 

* Power and Authority thefe Places are feized upon 
' and garrifoned ; although we cannot anfwer it in 

* the Affirmative, yet we may fatisfy your Lord- 
4 (hips in the Negative, that no Power on Earth, 
' without the Conient of the Parliament of Eng- 
' land, can give a lawful Warrant to take or hold 
' thefe Towns of Berwick and Carlijle, they being 
' to remain difgarrifoned by A6t of Parliament j 

* whereof we need not to give further AfTurance to 

* your Lordfhips, the fame Act being likewife paf- 

* fed in this Kingdom. 

c For the Conference upon this Bufuiefs offered 
' by yo-ur Lordftiips ', altho' we conceive nothing 

* can be objected againft thefe clear Matters of 

* Fa&,yet we {hould willingly accept of it, but that 

* it muft make a Delay which we have no Reafon 
to occafion on our Part, when to the Stores of 
' Arms and Ammunition, which are already brought 
' to Berwick and Carlijle^ mentioned in our former 
Papers, altho' not taken Notice of by your Lord- 

* fhips in your Anfwer, we are credibly informed 
that feveral Pieces of Ordnance are now going 

* out of this Kingdom to Berwick ; which if your 

* Lordftiips do not allow, as we are confident you 

* will not, we hope you will not only ufe Means to 
' prevent, but now, without further Delay, make 

* fuch Declaration againft thofe that now hold the 

* faid Towns of Berwick and Carlijle, and their Ad- 

* herents, as will make it appear to the World that 

* your 

of E N G L A N D. 181 

* your Lord{hips are refolved to keep inviolably the An. 24 Car. r. 
c Solemn Covenant and Treaties betwixt the King-, 
* doms of England and Scotland. 

By Command of the Commijfionen cf tie Par- 
liament ^England, 


May 27. A Letter from Col. Hammond to the 
Committee of Safety was, this Day, communicated 
to the Lords and read in that Houfe. 

CariJbrook-Cq/lle, May 22, 1648. 
My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

TP H E laft Night there came hither one Job A Letter from 
-*' Weal, a Phyfician, as he calls himfelf, living Co ^- H a m ^nd, 
at Kindlon upon Thames. He came hither with Security on he 
Poft Horfes, pretending to come in great Haire King's P^rfon 

from my Lord-General, employed by him to me and the \ n( " T * ec ~ 
D r r c L. u n. r^ TJ tions in his Fa- 

on Buhnefs of higheft Concernment. He vmm 
counterfeits himfelf in a fainting Fit, by reafon 
of hard riding, and that he would not declare hrs 
Bufinefs to me till he had drank fo me hot Waters 
to recover his Spirits ; which Preamble being ill 
managed to this Bufinefs, made me fufpedl: him 
to be a Knave, as I afterwards more plainly 
found him : So foon as he feigned to come to 
himfelf, he began to tell me that his Bufinefs 
imporced the Safety of my Life, and, that which 
was dearer to me, the great Charge in my Hands, 
the Security of the Perfon of the King ; and that 
to this End I (hquld immediately remove the King 
to Portfmouth, to Major Lobb, to whom he had 
Directions to receive him ; that otherwife the 
King would be violently taken hence the next 
Morning by Four o'Clock, and rnyfelf a dead 
Man ; for to his Knowledge the Scheme was fo 
laid; and it was thus : That there was a Fleet 
of Ships at Sea, near the Coaft, that were to 
come in between the Ifland and the Land-Shore 
that Evening, who were to land in the Night ;' 
and that great Numbers were to come out of tht>; 
M 3 * main! 

1 8 2 be Parliamentary H i s T p y 

main Land, pretending Occafions at a Fair which 
was to' be kept at Newport oh the Morrow, wh 9 
fhould afiifr. them ; and at the fame Time all the 
'Beacons in the Ifland were to be fet on Fire, and 
to raife the Country for 'the King; and if not, 
to arriaz'e them with Fear, that fo they might the 
better carry on their Defign, which there was no 
Way to avofd, tut as he had given me Direc- 
tion. When he had concluded his 'Tale, I en- 
quired of him, Whether he had any Thing in 
Writing to confirm it ? He told me, That this 
InftVucTion to nie 'was' int'rufted to him to com- 
municate only by Word of Mouth, 'but he had 
Inftrucrions in Writing, quilted up in his Waiflr- 
coat, for Major Lobb. I defired him tb let me 
fee them, he told me his Order was only to com- 
municate them to Major Lobb. I faid I muft 
lee them ; he refufmg, I told him I apprehended 
he had other Bufmefs here, and if he would not 
immediately let me know it, I muft take another 
Cou'rfe with him; whereupon I caufed him to 
be ftricliJy fearched, and found only thefe Papers 
about him ; that Letter from him, without Sub- 
fci'iption or Direction, he faith was to my Lord 
of Dover ; the reft Petitions and fome Notes of 
InftruCt.ions of his own. When he found his idle 
Plot would not take, and that he was difcovered, 
he told me that he would deal ingenuoufly with 
me, and would tell me truly: His Bujlneis was 
principally, by this Means, to gain an Jn- 
tereft with me, that he might fpeak ' with the 
King, to procure Leave from him that the 
County of' Surry^ from whom he was fent 
to that Purpofe, might have his Majefty's Ap- 
probation to chufe a Commander in Chief, under 
whom to put their Couritry iri a Pofture of 
Defence. Upon his Way he flopped a Poft go- 
ing from Porijnioutb to London with this inclofed 
Packet, which, if your Lordfhips pleafe, may 
be fpeedily delivered, being about Victuals for 
th^ Navy, I perceive by Difcourfe with him, 
>< - - . ''that 

f E N G L A N D. 183 

* that he hath been a great Promoter of the Surry An. 14 C ar . J. 

* Petition, and an Agent of the Malignants there. 

* My Lords, I take this Occaiion to let your 
' LordJhips know that I wrote formerly to the Ge- 

* neral for a Company t>r two of Foot more, for 
' the better Security of this Ifland from any fud- 
< den Accident that may happen from Sea, which 
? it feems he hafh not thought fit to fpare : I de- 

* fire your Lord (hips that, if you {hall approve of 
' it, there may be another Company or two more 

* raifed and maintained during this Occafion fome 

* other Way ; and that fome Force may lie in 
' Hampjhire near the Water-Side, in the Room of 
' thofe lately removed thence, to be ready upon 

* all Occafions to be tranfported hither; the 

* two Companies to be paid out of the Remainder 
' of the 30 /. per Diem I am now raifing ; but I ' 

* fear I fhall be much troubled with them in the 

* Ifland, by reafon the Money comes not fo con- 

* ftantly and duly as were to be wjfhed, for there 

* is no keeping Soldiers in very good Order with- 
' out Money before Hand, where there is no Free* 

* quarters. I defire alfo that, for the better order- 

* ing of thofe Companies here already, and to be 

* raifed, and for my own Eafe, if you fhall think 
' fit, that I may have a Major under me, and Pay 

* allowed for him during this Occafion : I defire it 

* may be Capt. Ralph, who hath a Company here 
c already, who is an honeft, faithful, and careful 
c Man, and who taketh a great deal of Pains and 

* deferveth Encouragement. The Addition of 

* Major's Pay to him will be little, and not worth 
' fpeaking of j but fo much deferved by him, and 
* fuch an Ofi^cer is fo necelfary for me,- that maketh 

* me beg of your Lordfhips it may be moved in the 

* Houfe, if it cannot be btherwife done. 

* Here is now but one Ship riding before this 
' Ifland for the Guard of it, and the Captain of her 
4 hath this Day fent me Word, that he is to go in 
? to victual on IVcdnefday next. I defire that Care 

M 4 * may 

184 t fbf Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 14 Car. j. < m ay be taken, that we may not, in thefe 
t l6 * 8 ' __, ' of Trouble, b.e without a Sea-Guard. 

May ' My Lord, 

/ am your Lord/hips 

Moft faithful and humble Servant 9 

A Copy of the intercepted LETTER to the Earl of 
Dover, mentioned in the foregoing. 

My Lord, ~Farnham^ May 2 1, 1648. 

C I N C E I fpakc with your Honour, I was 
with my Lord Fairfax at Windfor, and dif- 
patched the Bufmefs with him, the particular Ac- 
count whereof I will render, God willing, to the 
County at their next Meeting. I could not get 
from thence till about Four o'Clock on Sa- 
turday, and, for want of good Horfes and a Guide, 
I could not make Farnham until Six o'Clock on 
Sunday Morning ; I thought it fit therefore to 
take Poft Horfes and a Guide to Portfmouth. 
You fnall have an Account fo foon as I can dif- 
patch the Bufmefs with his Majefty. In the 
mean Time I dedre your Lordfhip to communi- 
cate to Sir Edmund Bowyer and Mr. Price as 
much, as foon as poflibly you can ; and defire 
them to ufe their Endeavours that Sir Richard 
Onflow and Sir Ambrofe Brown may be intreated 
to give a Meeting to the County in general, 
the next Wednesday at the furtheit, on Epfom 
Common by Ten o'Clock in the Morning ; and 
that the County advife with them how they may 
give Satisfaction to the Parliament concerning 
the Petition, and what to do therein, and hereof 
that they will not fail ; at which Time, God 
willing, I will be there with Inftru&ions from 
his Muiefty for qur fafe and fecure Proceedings, 
and Saits'faclibn to all thole who (hall make any 

* Objection 

of ENGLAND. 185 

Objection thereunto. And I befeech you that An. 24 c. I. 

Order may be taken that the Examination of the 

County for their Injuries, and the true Caufe 

thereof, upon Oath, may be ready againft the fame 

Ti;ne ; and fo, in Poft Hafte, I remain, on the 

Oath of a Soldier, Fide & Tadturnitate, your 

Lordihip's Friend and Servant, to -command, for 

my Country's and Country's Good; and the 

Word is the Anagram of my Name, Obey Law. 


The fame Day, May 27, another Letter from 
Col. Rain/borough^ Vice- Admiral of the Fleet, at 
Lftndanard-Fort, was fent to the Lords by the 
Commifiioners of the Admiralty, and read as fol- 
lows : 

For the Right Honourable the COMMITTEE of 
LORDS and COMMONS, for the Admiralty and 
Cinque Ports. 

Landguard-Fort, May 24, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhips, 

* nr* H E prefent Diftemper of this County Is Another from 
' A fuch as hath put as fad a Face on Things as T i "^ dmil ? 1 

T-I . ... i-iii T>'/I K?!Blborough, 

* ever Lnglandixw ; and it hath begot a Diftemper concerning a D 
' in the Fleet, which I am confident, though fome- ftftion o f tl> 

' thing allayed a : t prefent, will be of as dangerous Flect * 

c Confequences as any one thing befides, if this 

* Gathering' be not, by fome Means or other, 
' fpeedily fuppreffed. 

' That which is the greateft Motive to the Dif- 
' turbance pf the Seamen is, that thefe Parts are 

* wholly for the King. 

The Swan fet Sail Yefterday, being Convoy to 
' the Hopeful and one fma'l'i VeiFel more, for Dub- 

* I'm ; the Satisfaction itays here to convoy the 
*' reft. We wonder exceedingly they come not 

* away. The Complaints from the North are fo 
' exceedingly great, that To-morrow, if the Men 
' will be commanded to it, the Converting and 

* Pr evidence go to the Wefhvard. The Wey- 

' mouth 


An- 24 Car. I. 


in Kent, for 

tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

mouth Pink is now fetting Sail to be Convoy of 
the Ship Lady of London, laden with Ammunition 
for Jfaymouth and Pendennis. 
' A Line or two from your Lordfhips at this 
Time might be of great Encouragement to many 
among us. Of all other Things this Bearer will 
give your Lordfhips a perfect Account. I am, 
and fhall be till Death, 

Your Lordjhips 
Mojl humble and faithful Servant, 


The Lords ordered nothing to be done on this 
Letter at prefent ; but two Days after, May 29, 
we find this Confequence of it, that the Earl of 
Warwick informed the Houfe he had received Let- 
ters which were fent him from fome Officers in the 
Navy, that they had difplaced Colonel Rainf- 
borough from being Vice-Admiral. 

Befides thefe Diforders in the Fleet, the Parlia- 
ment were again alarmed with a formidable Petition, 
figned by many Thoufands in the County of Kent^ 
and coming up to be prefented to both Houfes. 
It was agreed to fend down a Committee of Lords, 
and Commons, Natives of that County, to ftop its 
Progrefs; and, during this Time a Perfon, pretend- 
ing to be the Prince of Wales, was apprehended, 
and fent up to the Lords with the following Letter. 

A letter from the Mayor of Gravefend was 
read, with an Examination of Cornelius Evans, who 
pretended himfelf to be the Prince of Wales. 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of LORDS in Parliament. 

Gravefend, May 29, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Honour, 

c 'T'HE pretended Prince, lately landed ztSand- 
* wich, was feized on by the EaJl-Kent Gen- 

and, together with this Examination 
4 taken 

of ENGLAND. 187 

taken by Mr. Mayor of Roche ft er, Tent us by them, An - 4 -Car. I. 
with Inftrufiions to have him fafely conveyed ' ' 
and delivered to your Honours, that you may be 
informed in the Prcmifes ; which, according to 
our Duty, we humbly prcient to your mature 
Conlideration, and reft, 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants, 



lorn at Marfeilles, taken before Philip Ward, 
Efq\ Mayor of the City of Rochefter, and George 
Newman, Efg-, one of his Majejiys Jujlices of the 
Veace, the i%th o/May, 1648, 

XT17 H O faith, < That about three Week* 
'TV fmce, he, this Examinant, came from 
his Lodgings in St. Catherine's, near the Tower of 
London, the Houfe where he lodged being inhabited 
by Nicholas Evans, Mariner ; and parted thro* the 
County of Kent, to Dover, hoping there to have got 
Paflage thence to MarfeiUes-, but not meeting any 
Shipping there bound -for the Straits, and under- 
ftanding that there were (hips in the Downs bound 
thither, (after he had continued threeDays at Dover) 
went from thence to Deal, hoping there to get 
Paflage; and, in this Examinant's Journey thither, 
going by a Caftle, near the Town of Deal, he took 
Notice that a Gentleman with a Gentlewoman was 
walking in a Garden near the faid Caftle, whom. 
this Examinant, upon Enquiry, underftood to be 
Col. Rainjborough, Governor of the faid Caftle, and 
his Wife -, and this Examinant came to Deal to 
the Houfe of one Mr. Beaker, at the Sign of the 
Crown; immediately after his coming thither there 
came three Seamen into his Company, who pre- 

(a) His Father was Wtljb and hi Mother French ; and thofe who 
ki.ew him faid he was a common Cheat. 

TbeMgderate Intclligtnetr, No. 167* 

1 83 Tie Parliamentary H r s T o R Y 

i. 24 Car. I. fently called for Beer ; and, defiring to drink with 
* 6 43- j this Examinant, prefled him to drink the King's 
j^~. Health, which they all did ; and, upon Conference, 
one of the faid Seamen belonging to Col. Rainf- 
borougb" s Ship, whom this Examinant, upon Speech 
with him, conceived to be the Coxfwain of the faid 
Ship, told him, that he thought he knew him to 
be the Prince ; and that Col. Rainfoorough had fent 
him to this Examinant, wifhing him to fay that 
he was the Prince ; and telling him, that if he 
would fo fay, and take upon him to perfonate the 
Prince, that the Prince would well reward him for 
the fame, and would come over in a fhort Time ; 
and thereupon prevailed with this Examinant to 
afTent thereunto ; but after the faid Seamen were 
departed from him, he, thinking with himfelf that 
it might not be fafe for him to ftay and give out that 
he was the Prince, refolved to {nun the fame, and 
thereupon went from Deal to Sanduricb: And upon 
this Examinant's coming along by the Sea-Side, 
before he came into the Town he obfervcd a Ship's 
Long-Boat, with divers Seamen therein, fome hav- 
ing Piftols, and others Swords about them, rowing 
very haftily towards Sandwich^ but before they 
were ilanded this Examinant was got to the Bell 
Tavern there ; and fo foon as the Seamen were 
landed, they prefently came up to the Town 
of Sandwich^ and declared about the Town that the 
Prince was there ; and thereupon the Seamen and 
Inhabitants of the Town came to the Houfe where 
this Examinant was ; and the Seamen affirming that 
he was the Prince, declared privately, that they 
frame to take him (calling him the Prince) into their 
Cuftody, to carry him on board their Ship; which 
they fo did, as this Examinant conceived, the bet- 
ter to beget a Belief in the Inhabitants of the Town 
that he was the Prince indeed : And about an Hour 
after this Examinant fo came to the Bell Tavern 
in Sandwich aforefaid, one Captain Fojler^ inhabit- 
ing in the faid Town, came to him ; and, upon 
private Conference, told him of the confident Re- 
port about the Town that he was the Prince, de- 


firing to know the Truth thereof ; and this Exami- A 
nant doth confefs that thereupon he did affirm that 
he was the Prince, whereat the faid Capt. Fofler 
ftood bare to him, and carried himfelf very civilly to 
him ; but this Examinant then defired the faid Capt. 
Fojler that he would not difcover that he was the 
Prince; and thereupon the faid Capt. Fojler took 
Order in the Houfe that this Examinant ftiould be 
well accommodated, promifing to come to him the 
next Morning, and departed for that Night; and, 
in the next Morning, the faid Capt. Fojler^ with 
the Mayor of the Town and Town-Clerk there, 
came to this Examinant, and told him, that it was 
reported about the Town, and known, that he was 
the Prince, and that it could not be concealed; and 
thereupon took an Examination in Writing from 
him : And this Examinant ftill affirming himfelf to 
be the Prince, thereupon the faid Capt. Fofter and 
the Mayor of the Town defired to know, whether 
he would go to one of their Houfes,or to the other; 
and this Examinant making Choice to go to the faid 
Capt. Fojler's Houfe, was carried thither according- 
ly : But before he went from the Bell Tavern, and 
not above two Hours before he firft came thither, he 
was prefented by a Gentlewoman (whofe Name he 
knows not) with an hundred Pieces of Gold and 
three Bunches of Afparagus. 

And this Examinant further faith, That after 
he came to the faid Capt. Fofter's, there came, at 
feveral Times, two Seamen to him, one after ano- 
ther, and told him that their Mafter, Col. Ralnf- 
borough, remembered him to this Examinant, and 
defired him to remember the Meflage which Col. 
Rainsborougb had fent to him whilft he was at Deal, 
and defired him to be refolute in affirming that he 
was the Prince ; that Col. Rainsborough bid them 
tell him, that it would not be long ere the Prince 
came over, and that he would well reward this Ex- 
aminant for the fame. 

' And this Examinant further faith, That after 
became to the faid Capt. Fo/ier's Houfe, in the 



190 The Parlirtnetitaty Hi 

An. 24. Car. I. Afternoon of that Day, he was invited by the Se'a- 
. v ' * ' J men wno tne Day before came with the.faid Boat 
jj ajr> off Sandwich^ to go with them in their Boat, that 
they might (hew him Sport on the Water with a= 
Dog which they had there ; and this Examinant 
went with them accordingly, who, whilft he was 
in the Boat, were all bare, and carried themfelves' 
with all Refpect to him, as if he had been the Prince 
indeed. And whilft this Examinant was in the 
Boat, he obferved that it was faid amongft the Sea-, 
men, that if Black Tom were there, now would be 
the Time to hinder the Petition from going to the 
Parliament. And this is all this Examinant can 
fay, fave that the Seamen who fpake with him. 
from Col. Rainsborongh, at Mr. Beaker's Houfe at 
Deal, wifhed him to get a blue Ribbon, and to 
wear the fame acrofs his Breaft.' 


The Houfe of Evans being then brought up to the Bar of the 
Lords commit Houfe of Lords, the Speaker afked him, How he 

Wales? He confeffed his Fault, ilefired Pardon for 
it, and declared the Particulars to be the fame as he 
had already confefled before the Mayor of Rocbefter : 
Hereupon it was ordered that the faid Evans be 
committed to Newgate, there to remain during the 
further Pleafure of the Houfe, for taking upon him- 
felf to be the Prince of (Pales; and that the Captain: 
of the Guard do convey him fafely to that Prifon. 

May 29. Pojl Mend. The Action of the Sea- 
Officers in putting out Rainsbcrongb made the Par- 
liament afraid of thorough Revolt, if they did not 
ftP ic - Thcfe of them who wrote to the Ear! of 
Warwick about it, at the fame Time told him, 
That they had chofen him for their Admiral ; which 
the Houfes thought fit, by a publick Ordinance, to 
confirm : And alfo gave him Power to give Indem- 
nity to the Captains and Mariners who had 
turned out the other. As an Evidence, however, 


of ENGLAND. 191 

that the Parliament did not think themfelves fafe, An. 14 Car. I. 
they made an Order, this Day, That the Commit- . l648 ' _, 
tee for the City Militia fhould take Care, from ."^ 
Time to Time, to fend fuch Forces as they thought 
fit, or the Parliament gave Orders for, as afufficient 
Guard to both Houfes. 

June i. A Letter from Col. Hammond was read. 

. For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

CariJbroke-CaJlle, May 29, 1 648. 
My Lord, 

f\ N Account of the great Truft your Lord~ CoJ Hammo|ld . |1 
^ fhips have been pleafed to repofe in me, I Account of the 
take the Boldnefs to acquaint your Lordfhips ofKing's intended 
a Defign, cunningly laid and carried on 
to Perfection, for the King's Efcape from this 
Place, which was the laft Night, being the fet 
Time for putting it in Execution, by the Bleffing 
and Goodnefs of God prevented. It was thus : 
Through the Corruption and Naughtinefs of two 
Gentlemen attending on the King, Mr. Of- 
borne and Mr. Dowcett, three Soldiers were fub- 
orned and dealt with to affift in his Efcape, who 
were to be on Duty, at the King's Window, at 
the Time appointed ; Mr. Dowcett was to be 
accommodated with Cords to convey him down 
the Caftle Wall, and then the Out-line, after htf 
had let himfelf through his Window, to be pre- 
pared ; Centinels were to be his Guide to his 
Horfes, which were ready provided and laid at a 
convenient Place within Mufket-Shot of the 
Works ; and Mr. Osborne and one Mr. IVorJley 
of Gatcombej a young Gentleman of this Ifland, 
were to conduit him to a Creek, where alfo, at 
the fame Time, lay ready a Boat to tranfport 
them into the main Land, into a Place where, as 
is confefled by one whom I have apprehended, 
there were Horfes to convey the King whither he 


192 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

u z4 Car. I. ' This Defign hath been long in hand, but kept 
from me liil Ycfterday, the Day before the Night 
it ihould have been acted, when two of the Sol- 
diers, v/ho had been dealt with, came to me and 
acquainted me with the whole Bufmefs ; which I 
am confident, though I had had no Knowledge of it, 
they would have found fome Difficulty in effect- 
ing ; I fuffered and advifed them to carry it on, as 
if I had not known it, that fo I might the better 
difcover the whole Bufmefs, with the lefs Pretence 
of Excufe to thofe unworthy Men who were to 
affift the King in this Efcape ; but being over 
curious in fecuring all Places in a more exact 
Manner than formerly, Mr. Dowceit^ by happen- 
ing on an unufual Guard, who at the firft appre- 
hended them to be of his own Party, but upon 
Examination finding other Anfwers than expect- 
ed, made a Difcovery ; which, fo foon as I un- 
derftood, I fecured Dowcett and a Soldier who 
was the chief Inftrument in this Defign ; then 
I fent after Osborne and Worjley to apprehend 
them ; but they, finding they were difcovered, 
fled in great Hafte to the Water Side, where their 
Boat lay ready to receive them, whither they were 
purfued; but they, as it feems, quitted their 
Horfes, and turned them loofe on the Shore, and 
themfelves efcaped in the Boat. I have fince ap- 
prehended one John Newland of Newport ^ whofe 
Part it was in the Defign to act the Bufmefs con- 
cerning the Boat. This Morning I find the 
Window-Bar of the King's Bed-Chamber, looking 
to the Centinels, appointed to be cut in two in 
the Middle by Aqua Fortis. 
c By this your Lordfhips may not only fee the 
Dangers pair, but alfo may expect that nothing 
will be unattempted that the Art of Man can find 
out to perfect the King's Efcape ; which makes 
me humbly bold to offer to your Lordfliips, if 
you refolve it neceflary to continue the King in 
this Place, that you would pleale to confider fome 
better Way for his Security; either by appoint- 
ing, to this weighty Charge, a Committee .of 

* Parliament, 

-of E N G L A N D. 193 

* Parliament, as formerly, or otherwife as fliall An. 24 Car. 

* feem beft to your Lordfliips. This I move not fo 

* much to free iriyfelf from Burthen or Hazard ; 
' truly, when I am commanded by you in your 

* Service, I know no fuch Thing; but that Affairs 
4 of fo great Concernment to your Lordfhips and 
' the Kingdom may be better provided for, than 

* by a Man fo unapt for fuch Weight as myfelf. 
' In this I befeech your Lordfhips not to look back 
' upon the Hazards and Difficulties it hath pleafed 
c God alone to carry me through in this your Ser- 
' vice j which if the Recital of them to your Lord- 

* fhips might not toojuflly feem my Vanity, I 

* fliould trouble your Lordfhips with a Relation that 

* would fpeak them not few nor ordinary, and thence 

* to pafs a Judgment for future ; but to confidejf 
' they are like to continue, and accordingly to pro- 
' vide as to your Wifdoms fliall feem beft. 

' The next thing which I (hall make my humble 

' Suit to your Lordfliips, and which is fo juft as I 

* am furevour Lordfliips will not deny, is that you 

* will pleafe to order fuch Provifion for thofe Gen- 
6 tlemen attending the King, who have and do ftill 

* faithfully and honeftly ferve you here, and that 

* with no fmall Hazard, in fome Meafure anfwer- 

* able to their Merit and the Truft in their Hands} 
' at leaft that they might not have Caufe to think 

* themfelves neglected, and fo rendered more liable 

* to Temptation, which they cannot want. I have 
4 often written of this Particular, and as yet nothing 

* is done in it, which makes me now the more bold 

* thus to prefs your Lordfliips. 

* My Lords, if your Lordfliips fliall fee fit lori- 

* ger to continue this heavy Weight wholly upon 
* me, feeing I may not be admitted to wait on 

* your Lordfhips at this Time, I humbly beg that 

* you would pleafe to fend down fome Perfons hither 

* whom you may truft, that may bring back an 
' Account of the true State of this Place, that fo 
' better Security may be added to it in divers Par- 
* ticulars, too long and troublefome now to relate j 

* to fignify unto me your Lordfliips Plcafure con- 

: . VOL. XVII, N * earning 

1 94 

*fke Parliamentary M I s T o & 

An. 14 Car. I. cerning the Perfons afore-mentioned, now in Cuf-* 
v Ifi4 j' , ' tody for this Matter. 

Jun. ' ^ty Lords, I defire to receive your Lord- 

* fhips Commands, and ever to obey them as 
4 becomes, My Lord, 

Your Lord/hips moft faithful 

and humble Servant^ 


To this Letter the Lords agreed to fend the fol- 
lowing Anfwer. 

/ , Wejiminflertjuru i, 1648. 

For which the ' np H E Lords have commanded me to give you 
Thanks for your great Care in the Dif- 
charge of that Truft committed to you ; and to 
aflure you they will be ready, upon all Occafions, 
to exprefs their Refpects for you, and will not 
omit to prefs for thofe Supplies mentioned in 
your Letter. Thus, with my Refpe&s to you, 
I reft, 

Your loving Friend, 


Speaker of the Houfe of 


The fame Day a Petition from the City of Lon- 
don was prefented to the Lords and read. 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS in the High 
Court of Parliament ajjembledy 

'The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor , Aider" 
men^ and Commons of the City o/"_London, in Com- 
mon-Cumcil a/embled, 

A Petition from 
the Lord Mayor 
&c. of London, 

i>heweth 9 

* "T 1 HAT your Petitioners, fitting in Common- 

' * Council upon the Affairs of the City, had 

* there prefented unto them, by divers wll-arFecl- 

* ed 


.* ed Citizens, a Petition, a true Copy whereof is "An. 24. Car. 

* hereunto annexed; which being openly read, and 5 * 8 ' 

* ferioufly cortfidered of, they did apprehend that 

* the fame did contain feVeral Things of great and 
c good Confequence, worthy due Confideratibn, to 
5 the Prefervation of the Parliament, and the Set- 
' tlement of the Peace and Welfare of the People, 
" Kingdom and City ; and therefore thought fit to 
' prefent the fame to this Honourable Houfe, and 

* humbly pray your Honours to take the fame into 

* your Confideration, and to do therein as, in 
' your grave Wifdoms, you fhall fee fit* 

M I C H E L L, 

The Petition referred to in the foregoing. 

3f0 the Right Honourable JOHN WARNER, Lord 
Mayor of the City of London, and the Right 
Worjhipful the Aldermen and Common-Council of 
the fame, now affembled^ 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers well-affeRed 
Citizens^ and other Inhabitants within the City 
of London, 

Humbly Jheweth, 

THAT your Petitioners, cut of a deep Senfe * . , _. 
... < i n~ -\ic / r i "notnef frOffl 

of the prelent and prefling Mifenes of this the cuiiens a/td 
afflicted Kingdom, and particularly of this City lnhabitants,rela- 
of London-, and likewife confidering the irhmi- S^^j^ 
nent Danger and Deftrulion ready to fwallow up r etion ih Kenf> 
all Hopes of future Agreement, Peacej and Hap- their imprifone4 
nefs, by a new engaging in a civil and bloody Aldermen > &c 
War ; the very Thoughts thereof do fo furprize 
our Hearts with Apprehenfions of a general Ruiri 
and Calamity, that we are neceffitated humbly to 
addrefs ourfelves to this Honourable Court, 
as the Reprefentative Body of this City, and moft 
proper Means for us to apply ourfelves unto, to 
defire your Concurrence as formerly, to join with 
us in further Addreffes to the High and Honour- 
able Houfes of Parl iament j for obtaining fuch 
Na 'Remedy 

The Parliamentary HISTGRV 

^ emed y of Grievances, and Aflurances frbm Daif- 
g ers as the prefent Diftempers of the Times 
j u ^'y call for ; and which, as free-born Subject^ 

* having only the Glory of God, and the Peace 

* and Prefervation of our Country in our Eyes and 
c Aim, according to our Covenant, we may reafon- 

* ably expect, as the Reward of our former Faith- 
4 fulnefs, and Inducement to our further Service ; 
' and do thereupon humbly offer to your ferious 

* Configuration thefe Particulars following : 

1. ' We do, with all Thankfulnefs, acknow- 
ledge the great Care and Wifdom of this Ho- 

* nourable Houfe, in contributing your beft Aflift- 

* ance for a Perfonal Treaty with his Majefty and 

* the Parliaments of both Kingdoms, whereby a 
4 right and good Underftanding may be gotten be- 

* twixt them, Religion may be fettled, and the 

* Happinefs of his Majefty's Royal Throne and 
' Kingdoms, and of his People, may be firmly efta- 
' blifhed according to the Covenant ; which as we 

* daily hope and pray for, fo, by the Blefiing of God 

* upon your faithful Endeavours, we defpair not to 

* fee accompli flied. - 

2. That the Militia of the City of London, 

* and of the adjoining Counties on both Sides the 
Thames, viz. Mlddlefex, Hertford, Effex, Bucks, 

* Kent, Surry, Suffex, &c. may be afTociated for 

* the better Safety and Freedom of the Treaty 

* abovefaid, and the Suppreffion of all Riots and 

* Tumults. 

3. * We humbly offer to your further Confide- 
*' ration, to prefent to both the Honourable Houfes 

' of Parliament, that Capt. Robert Batten may be ? 

* Ipeedily reftored to the Command of Vice-Admi- 
' ral of the Ships now at Sea in the Parliament's 
4 Service, as formerly. 

4. * As we cannot but, with Grief of Spirit, 

* look upon the fudden and unexpected Diftempers, 
now rifen in the County of Kent, and the fad 
Conicquences which the fame, if not fuddenlf 

* prevented, may produce, to the exceeding great 

* Detriment of this City and of the whole King- 

' doinj 

of E N G L A N D. 197 

* don); fo we cannot but (in Tendernefs to our A. 14 Car. I, 
Brethren and FcllowrSubjects of that Country, l6 ^ 
whofe late AiTociation wiih this City, to the great , ^ 
Service of the Parliament, we cannot forget) be- 
come humble and earneft Petitioners to this Ho- 
nourable Court, that you would be pleafed in 
your great Wifdom, to find fome fpeedy Expedient 
to prefent to the Honourable Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, for appeafmg the fame by Way of Accom- 
modation, and not by any Engagement in Blood j 
having Regard rather to their former Services, 
than to the prefent Diftempers which they may 
be engaged in by other Provocations, and not 
from any Difiatisfa&ion to, or Defertion of, the 

5. ' And lajlly^ We hope it will not offend this 
Honourable Court, if your Petitioners once agairj 
remind you of thofe worthy Aldermen, Members 
of this Court, now in Difpleafure of the Houfes 
of Parliament, whofe Acquittal and Enlargement 
we humbly pray may be thought fit to .be infifted 
on as a confiderable Branch of our Petition. 
' All which we the Petitioners humbly fubrnit 
to your grave Wifdoms, and earneftly pray for 
your prefent Help and Afliftance in furthering 
thefe, or fuch of thefe, Particulars, and of all fuch 
other Means as your Wifdoms (hall judge fitting 
for the Peace and Happinefs of the Kingdom in 
general, and particularly of this City of London^ 
and the Security thereof; in the Purfuance of all 
which the Petitioners, by God's Afliftance, are 
refqlved effectually to join with and affift you 
unto their utmoft Abilities.' 

And your Petitioners Jball daily pray t &c. 

We find no Anfwer given by the Lords to thefe 
Petitions this Day : Probably they were referred 
to a Committee of Lords and Commons ordered 
to go into the City : For, 

June 2. The Earl of Pembroke reported, That 

the Joint Committee were Yefterday at the Comr 

N 3 moi\ 

198 *he Parliamentary HISTORY 

^n. 14. Car. I. mon- Council of London, and made them a Narra* 

*- * 6 * 8 ' i ti ve f ^ e Proceedings of both Houfes concerning 

June. *^ e Kenti/h Bufmefs ; to which the Common- 

Council returned an Anfwer, fpoken by Mr. Al-r 

derman Gibbs ; which being in Writing, was read 

as follows : 

At lie Common-Council ', June i, 1648. 

I. e HP|H>E Common-Council did acknowledge 
rf thf Common 5 . the vei T g reat Condefcenfion and Patiencq 

Council in regard of the Honourable Houfes, in fending their own 
to the Commo- Members to the City, to acquaint them with their 
tions in cnt. p roce edings in Kent, for which they return their 

humble Thanks. 

2. ' That, by what was done, it did appear to 
all, that if any Blood was (hed in Kent, they 
were the Caufers of it themfelves who refufed the 
Offers made to them by the Parliament and their 

3. * They defire that the Houfes would publifjj. 
in Print their Proceedings, that their Fellow-Ci- 
tizens and all the World may receive Satisfaction, 
as themfelves had received. 

4. ' They defire that the Paper that they pre<- 
fented, may be alfo printed to prevent 

Accordingly the Lords ordered^ That the Pro- 
ceedings of the Committee, with the City's An- 
fwer, be printed and publifhed: And that the Votes 
of the 6th of May, fent into Scotland, be printed, 
and fent, with the Ordinance againft Blafphemy, 
to the CommiflioHers in Scotland, by the Commit- 
tee at Derby-Houfe, that fo they may be published 
jn that Kingdom, 

The fame Day, 'June 2, the Earl of Warivlck 
"being come back from the Fleet, delivered in to the 
Lords divers Papers, containing a Narrative of his 
going into the Downs, in order to take Pofleffion 
pf the Navy, as Lord High-Admiral of England. 
Papers were read as follows : 


tf ENGLAND. 199 

An. 24 Car. I. 

A REPRESENTATION of the Proceedings of the Earl ^ ' t 

of WARWICK, Lord High- Admiral, in order to T^ 
the reducing offuch Ships in the Downs as have re* 
voltedfrom the Parliament's Obedience, 

I S Lordfhip having received his CommikTheEarlofWar- 
fionon^m%the29thof May, at Night , J^^eT 

* did the next Day begin his Journey j and going in the Fleet. 

* by Land to EaJl-Tilbury , in EJJex, embarked 

* himfelf in the Nicodemus Frigate, commanded 
' there to attend his Lordfliip's coming j and, on 
' the 3 1 ft, about Ten in the Morning, came into 

* the Downs with the Flag in the main Top. 

' When the Nicodemus was off the North-Fore- 
4 land, and the Hind Frigate was difcovered to 
' make towards her ; and before the Nicodemus^ 
' who was at Anchor, came up to her, fome 
' aboard the Hind hailing the Nicodemus, upon 

* hearing that the Earl of Warwick was aboard > 

* did falute his Lordfliip with 17 Guns, which the 
' Nicodemus anfwered with feven Guns j his Lord- 

* fhip interpreted that Entertainment as an Argu- 
' ment of their Intentions to fubmit unto the Par- 

* liament's Authority, though his Lordfhip did 
' much doubt the fame, for that the Flag was 
' kept up in the main Top of the Reformation t 
' notwithftanding his Lordfliip's Approach, as it 

* was alfo continued during all the Time of his 
' Lordfhip's Stay. Shortly after there came aboard 

* the Nicodemus, out of the Hind Frigate, in one 
' Boat, Capt. Harris, of the Swallow ; Capt. Pen- 

* roff 9 of the SatisfacJion-, Lieut, Laivrence, of the 

* Swallow; in another Boat, two Kentijh Gentle- 

* men, "viz. Capt. Richard Bargrave and Capt. 
' Hammond, who termed themfelves Commiflioners 
' from the County of Kent; and, with them, 
' Major Hemme, the Boatfwain, Carpenter, and 
' Gunner's Mate of the Conftant Reformation^ 
' wherein the V ice-Admiral did lately ferve ; and 
' divers others afterwards coining aboard, his Lord- 

* (hip had Notice by Capt. Penrofe and Capt. Har- 

* n>, that; till the Night before, beina; Tuefday^ 

N 4 ' thj? 

too The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An.24 Car. I. f the Seamen were refolved to fubmit to his Lord,- 

l64 ' t ' frip.j but then one Bargrave, Dean Bargrave*s 

* [of Canterbury} Son, who had been eminently 

* active againft the Parliament, with another Cap-r 

* tain of the King's, was admitted aboard the Re- 
' formation ; and had infufed fuch defperate Princi- 

* pies into the Seamen, that they wholly deferted 

* their former Refolutions, and were refolved not 

* to admit his Lordfhip aboard without his En- 
' gagement with the Kentifl} Gentlemen. 

* Bargrave and Hammond, coming to his Lord- 

* {hip into the Captain's Cabbin, fuggefted that 

* the Seamen had, by folemnOath, engaged in the 
' Kentijh Engagements ; and that it would be ex- 
' peeled before his Admittance aboard the Refor~ 

* motion, he fhould engage with them ; and there- 

* fore defired his Teftification thereof under his 

* Hand, to the end it might be (hewed to their 
c Committee in Kent. His Lordfhip profefled his 

* earneft Defire of a fafe Peace betwixt his Ma- 

* jefty and the Parliament, and that he would ufe 
"his beft Endeavours in that Behalf j but refufed 
' to iign any fuch Engagement : And they leaving 

* it to hisLordftiip to confider thereof, he did, af- 
' ter their withdrawing, refolve on this Anfwer : 

* That he came down, by Command of the Par- 

* liamenr, to receive the Fleet into his Charge : 
' that he had only to do with the Seamen ; that 

* the Truft repofed in him had no Relation to the 

* Bufmefs in Kent ; and that therefore he would 

* not take Cognizance of any Thing they pro- 

* pofed j yet, withal, to offer to them to give what 

* they had to fay in Writing, upon which his 
' Lordfhip intended to make Anfwer to the Pur- 
' port as aforefaid, and tranfmit the fame to the 
' Houfes ; but they afterwards, on the PropofaJ 

* thereof, alledging that they could rot give any 

* Thing in Writing without Warrant from their 

* Committee, his Lordfhip gave them Anfwer by 
' Word of Mouth to the fame EfFecl. 

' After this, \vithrfnnving from the Cabbin, his 

* Lord&ip applied himfelf to Ma;or Hcmme, (who 

' fays 

of E N G L A N D. 201 

* fays he was invited by the Ship's Company An. 24 Car. I. 
aboard the Reformation] and to the Officers of t l6 * 8 ' f 

* that Ship, letting them know that the Parliament June, 

* had intrufted him as Lord High-Admiral to take 

* the Fleet into his Charge ; and had given him 
' Power to indemnify fuch of the Mariners as fub- 

* mitted to his Command : They, in Anfwer there- 
' to, infifted upon the Remonftrance of theirs, dated 

* the 28ch of May Inftant j whereby they declared 

* they had unanimpufly joined with the Kentijh 

* Gentlemen in their Petition to the Parliament to 
? thefe Purpofes : 

1. c That the King's Majefty was, with all Ex- 
' pedition, to be admitted, in Safety and Honour, 
< to treat in Perfon with the two Houfes of Parlia- 
' ment. 

2. ' That the Army, now under the Command 

* of the Lord Fairfax, be forthwith difbanded, 

* their Arrears being paid them. 

3. ' That the known Laws of the Kingdom. 
, may be eftabliflied and continued. 

4. * That the Privileges of Parliament and the 

* Liberty of the Subject may be preferved : Which 

* Particulars the faid Officers urged, as that which 
' the Company would expect before his Lordlhip'k 
' Admittance aboard. 

' To the firjl of thefe his Lordfhip anfwered, 

* That the Parliament had pafTed fome Votes con- 

* cerning a Perfonal Treaty, wherein his Confent 

* was involved. 

c To the fecond, That as foon as fuch a Treaty 

* as the Parliament fhall agree upon {hall have pro- 

* duced a fafe Peace, his Lordfhip fliould join his 
' Endeavours to take off whatever might be a 
Charge to the Kingdom ; but that prefent Dif- 

* banding, as Affairs now ftand, might hazard the 
' Parliament, and confequently fubject to Danger 

* the Proteftant Caufe throughout Chriftendom ; 
, e ancj, therefore, as to thefe firit Propofals, he mi;ft 

' qualify his Anfwer as aforefaid. 

4 To the two laft ; as to the Fundamental Laws, 
f Parliament's Privileges, and Subjects Liberties, 

* his 

2O2 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

his Lordfhip fignified he would willingly concur- 
His Lordfhip further urged, That they had no 
Reafon to prefs him to any Engagement with the 
County of Kent in their Petition, it not appear- 
ing to his Lordmip what the Petition in Truth 
is j he believing, withal, that the fame was de- 
livered Yefterday, and doubted not but the Parlia- 
ment had given fuch an Anfwer thereunto as was 
meet; which, whether it were in the Allowance 
or Difallowance thereof, it concerned not his 
Lordftiip to intereft himfelf therein, for that it 
would be ufelefs, if the Matters therein prayed 
were already granted, and repugnant to the Par- 
liament's Pleafure, if denied ; and therefore, be- 
caufe he had only to do with the Seamen and 
Fleet, his Lordftiip concluded he could, as to that, 
give no further Anfwer. And did further let them 
know, that it was his Intention to go aboard the 
Reformation, and to receive the Fleet into his 
Charge according to his Commiffton. 
4 To this Major Hemme and other Officers re- 
plied, That they would go aboard the Reformation^ 
and reprcfcnt, with Faithfulnefs, his Lordfhip's 
Senfe, and bring their Anfwer; defiring that 
Capt. Penrofe might accompany them, to teftify 
their Carrriage in this Bufmefs. 
* After fome Stay the faid Major Hemme and 
Officers returned, and with them young Bargrave, 
the other Captain, and divers more of the faid 
Ship's Company, who delivered to his Lordfhip 
the following Paper, defiring a Treaty betwixt 
his Lordmip and the faid Gentlemen ; and ac- 
quainting him he could be admitted aboard on 
no other Terms. 

May 30, 1648. 

all dejlrc that the Gentlemen of Kent, in- 
tcrejlcd about the Petition^ will plcafe to gfoe 
l:s Lordfoiip a Toleration to pafe and rcpafs to fome 
convenient Place cf Treaty on Shore ; and what 
mviualh agreed upon., we fiall all heartily 

of E N G L A N D. 203 

pgree unto j and if they agree not, to have peaceable An> *4 Car - 
Pajage aboard this Ship to go for London. t * ^' 

Signed in the Name of all the Ship's Company, j u:;e 
by their Confent. 


* Capt. Penrofe returning with fome of the Of- 
ficers and others, fet forth the Height of the Di- 
ftemper aboard ; the Difcourfe among them con- 
cerning (hooting at his Lordfhip's Flag, which 
would have been executed, had not the Gunner 
prevented it ; and their total Refolution againft 
Compliance with his Lordfhip; young Bargrave 
being then found aboard, and ftill encouraging 
them, jointly and feverally, in Ways of Difobe- 
dience with Promifes and Threats. This Paper 
concerning a Treaty being read by the Earl, the 
faid Mr. Bargrave and Mr. Hammond urged his 
Lordfhip to go with them into Kent, in purfuance 
of that Defire of a Treaty, promifing him Ac- 
commodation and Security ; fuggefting the great 
Opportunity that was now in his Lordfhip's 
Hands to ferve the public Peace ; and befeeching 
that, if he would not treat, (which his Lordfhip 
declared he had no Commiflion to -do) yet he 
would repair with them to Rocbejler^ that the 
Committee there might manifeft to him the 
Truth of their Proceedings : His Lordfhip would 
by no Means confent thereunto, alledging that 
he had no Commiflion in that Behalf, but refolv- 
ed on this Anfwer :' 

To the COMPANY of the Ship CONSTANT 

Aboard the Nicodemus, May 31, 1 648. 
J Received your Paper^ dated this Day, containing 
* your Defire about a Treaty betwixt myfelf and 
the Gentlemen of Kent ; the fame being in Re- 
turn of my Mejjage fent this Day concerning my 
coming aboard the Conftant Reformation ; to which- 
I anfwer, I am fent down by Order of both Houfes 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

^4 Car. I. of Parliament to take upon me the Charge of the Fleet, 
__, and give Indemnity to the Captains and Mariners as I 
""june Jhall fee Caufe ; which Indemnity I did accordingly of- 
fer to all fuch Captains and Mariners of the Fleet 
as Jhall f b nit to my CommiJJion : But having no Au- 
thority to treat with the f aid Gentlemen^ I cannot con- 
cur in that Defer e without fpecial Warrant^ but Jhall 
fpeedily communicate your Paper to both Houfes ofPar- 
iiamer.t^ and^ upon their Anfwer , Jhall proceed accord- 
ingly ; and) till their Anfwer received, I defer e not to 
be diJJurbed in my A bode up on the Vejfel wherein I now 


' The Earl's Anfwer being delivered to the faid 
Officers and Mariners, then aboard the JVrVa- 
demuS) who were alfo chofen by the Reforma- 
tion's Company to receive his Lordfhip's Anfwer, 
and to return fuch Refolutions thereupon as they 
fhould fee Caufe, they excepted againft his Lord- 
(hip's long Stay ; his carrying away of the 
Nicodemus ; his wearing the Flag in the Main 
Top ; and declaring that either he muft go up in 
a fmall Ketch, then attending at the Downs^ 
or elfe they would fet him aftiore to go up by- 
Land ; and at laft offering to let him have the 
NicodemuS) upon the Engagement of his Ho- 
nour that he would return her to them ; prefiing 
him withal to haften up and reprefent to the two 
Houfes their Defires j or that his Lordfhip, or 
fome other Commiflioners, might be fent to treat 
with the Gentlemen of Kent ; and at lalt deliver- 
ed his Lordfhip this Anfwer : 

My Lord, 

CT'H E Defers of the Company is, That your Lord- 
*- Jhlp would be plea fed to return to the two Houfes 
if Parliament^ and fegnify unto them the unanimous 
Confent and AJJociation of the Fleet with the Gentle- 
men of the County of Kent in order to thofe Ifonejl 


of E N G L A N D. 20$ 

tnd juft Demands mentioned in theirs and our Petition ' y An. 24. Car. I. 
and that they are refolved not to feparate themfelves ^ ' _, 
from the faid Gentlemen^ by taking an Aft of Indemnity j^,' 
apart ', or y enering into any Treaty without their Pri- 
vity and Confent ; befeeching your Lordjbip to ufe your 
moji effectual Endeavours to move the two Houfes for 
a fpeedy Settlement of the Kingdom according to the 

Signed in the Name of all the Ship's Company, 
by their Confent, 


e After this the Seamen continued to exprefs 
their Refolutions that his Lordfhip fhould not 
have the Nicodemus, being provoked thereunto by 
Bar grave and Hammond - y till the faid Hammond 
was prevailed with to urge it, from feme Reafons 
offered by his Lordfhip, viz. the Seamen's Invite- 
ment of his Lordfhip down, and their own En- 
gagement by their Paper of this .Day, that if his 
Lordfhip and the Gentlemen of Kent did not 
agree, he might return to London in his own Ship: 
Which convincing the faid Hammond, he was 
prevailed with to deliver his Senfe to the Seamen 
in his Lordfhip's Prefence, and to declare his 
Confent; they all concurred, yet with an Inti- 
mation that they expected the VefTel to be fent 
back again to them ; tho' his Lordfhip kept him- 
felffree from any Engagement in that Behalf. 
After this the Gentlemen, Officers, and Ma- 
riners left his Lordfhip ; who, taking into Con- 
fideration the Violence of the Seamen, the Un- 
certainty of their Refolutions, and the lying of 
the Nicodemus under the Command of the Ships 
and Veflels, did hortly after direct the Nicode- 
mus to weigh Anchor ; and with her called off 
the Ketch, who cut her Cable and followed ; 
and his Lordfhip fummoned a Council of War, 
where the following Refolutions were taken : 


Tie Parliamentary H I s t d R 

At a Council of War, aboard the Nicodemus in thS 
Downs, May 31, 1648. 

The Lord-Admiral, Capt. PENROSE, 
Capt. MOULTON, Capt. PACY. 

nEfelved and declared. That my Lord- Admiral hath 
J- * omitted nothing that could be done by his Lordjhip, 
In order to the reducing ofthofe Ships of the Fleet now 
at the Downs, that have revolted from the Parliament's 
Obedience: And 

That it is the Opinion of this Council of War, Tiwt 
it is not fafc, nor any IVays conducing to the Parlia- 
ment's Service, for the Lord- Admiral to Jlay longer 
in the Downs, confidering the ^igh Dijiempers of 
the Seamen j but that it is Jit for his Lordjhip fpee- 
dily to repair to the Parliament, to give an Account 
of his Proceedings and of the Condition of Affairs 

Off the North-Foreland, eodem Die. 

TfT being conftdered whether the Nicodemus /hall 
* befent Wejlward or Northward, to give Advice ts 
the rejl of the Fleet (not yet under Defection) of the 
true State of Affairs at the Downs ; forafmuch as the 
fame cannot be conveniently done without Notice taken 
thereof by the revolted Ships in the Downs, which may 
invite them to fend Ships after her, and fo give Oppor- 
tunity to malignant Seamen to infufe and foment dan- 
gerous Principles into the Minds ofthofe that may other- 
wife keep to their Truji ; and for that fame of the 
Seaman of this Veffel may, for ought is known, afl in 
the like Kind, they being privy to the Height of the Dif- 
tempers here: Refolved that it is the Opinion of this 
Council of War, That his Lordjhip do fend up the Vef- 
fel into the River of Thames, whereby thofe Incon~ 
veniences may be prevented, andjhe Jecured. 




. of E N G L A N D. 207 

On the firft of June the Earl of Warwick being 'An, * 4 Car.i. 
near unto Tilbury-Hope, his Lordfhip heard of t * ! ' _, 
fome Defeat given to the Kentijb Forces by the j unf . 
Lord Fairfax; whereupon, by his Lordfhip's 
Directions, a Letter was written by his Secretary 
to the Boatfwain of the Reformation, which run 
thus : 

Aboard the Nicodemus near the Hope y 
June i, 1648. 

T N our Way to London we heard of the Army'* ' 
* defeating the Kentifh Forces, whereby will be dif- 
covered to you and the reji of your Ship's Company the 
Danger of your and their A flings againjl the Parlia- 
ment, a, id confequently againjl the Peace of the King- 
dom ; / have therefore thought it meet, upon Direction 
from my Lord- Admiral, to let you know that, upon your 
Submijfion to the Parliament's Authority, by rendering 
the Conftant Reformation into his Lordjhip's Hands, 
you will take the only Cottrfe to refcue yourfelves from 
that Mifery and Ruin which will otherwife fall upon 
you ; his Lordjhip intending to give Indemnity to none 
of you that Jballjland out. 

> I hope you will confider that the Parliament is in an 
effectual Way of compofing the fad Dijlrattions of the 
Kingdom, and to cffeft, in the beji and fafejl Way, the 
very Things that are contained in that Petition, where- 
in you fay you have engaged ; and that fuch Interrup- 
tions as you and the reft have given, are the great Ob- 
Jlruflions of that Peace which you pretend to aim at. 
Confider what I fay, remember your Trujl, and God 
direfi your Hearts not to rejijl good Council, 1 reft 
dejirous to be t 

Your loving Friend, 


* Thip is the Subftance of what pafled in the 
* Downs concerning the Ship Reformation, &c. over 
' and befides many violent and mutinous Threat- 
and diilempered ExprdSons of the Gentle- 

* men 

An. 24 Car. I. 

. 1648. 


7%e Parliamentary H I s T 6 R Y 

e men and Mariners aboard, which are too long t<s 
c be fet forth in Writing. 


jP. 5. ' The Ships left at the Downs are, the Re- 
formation ; the Swallow, Capt. Leonard Harris 5 
the Satisfaction, Capt. Penrofe, who is come up 
from his Charge in Duty to his Truftj the 
Hind Frigate, Capt. Richard Saljlonftall ; tlJe 
Roebuck^ Capt. Robert Nixon ; the Pelican, whof* 
Commander hath deferted her. ^ 

' His Lordfhip hath alfo, this Morning, con- 
fulted with the Commiflioners of the Navy, and 
others, what will be moft fit for him to do, in 
order to the reducing of fuch. Ships as are under 
Defection, and the conforming to the Parliament's 
Obedience fuch as have not yet engaged. 

After reading all thefe Papers, the Lords ordered 
that they be communicated to the Houfe of Com* 

Lord Fairfax's 
Account of his 
Victory over the 
Army raiftd by 
the Kentifh 

The Confternation the Parliament was in, at this 
Time, was not much leflened by the following 
Accounts, which were this Day, June. 3, read in 
the Houfe of Lords ; notwithftanding the firft of 
them feemed much in their Favour. 

To tie Right Honourable the Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of rEE&s pr 
Tempore, at Weftminfter. 

Maidflone, June 2, 1648. 
My Lord, 

T T having pleafed God to. give us a Vidlory 
againft thofe, who, without and againft the 
Authority of Parliament, raifed an Army, I held 
it my Duty ~to give your Lordfhips an Account 
thereof in brief, Time not permitting me at pre- 


^ENGLAND. 209 

fent to give the Particulars at large : The Eri- Am 24 Car. r. 
gagement with them begun the laft Night about t |6 4 8 - ^ 
Seven of the Clock, near Maidjlone, and conti- ' j unt( 
nued a very hot and fierce Difpute until after 
Twelve, before we could be Matters of the 
Town: The Enemy, by reafon of the continued 
Supplies which they received from their Forces 
by the Paffage over Ayksford, were enabled to 
difpute every Street and PafTage; the choiceft of 
their Forces, as we underftand, were appointed 
for this Service, and the Lord Goring command- 
ed them as General. There were about 200 of 
the Enemy flain, many wounded ; about 960 
Prifoners, 400 Horfe, eight Pieces of Cannon, 
and great Store of Arms and Ammunition, taken. 
Sir William Brockman and others of the Gentry are 
Prifoners. As God hath been pleafed in Mercy 
to give you this Victory, fo I defire that we may 
return all Thankfulhefs unto him for it. I {hall 
(as God (hall enableme) improve this Advantage, 
and remain, 

Your Lord/hip's bumble Servant, 


one of the Committee appointed to gs into Suffolk. 

To my Honoured Friends Sir Nathanael Bernardifton 
and Sir Philip Parker, Knts, Sir William Spring, 
Bart. John Gurdon, Nathanael Bacon, and 
Francis Bacon, Efqrs* 

Ketton, May, 31, 1648. 

* T HIS inclofed I received juft now from an L 

Alderman of Bury; by which you may fee to th" Di/hirl" 8 

* their and our Grounds of Fears, the Difaffecled in antes i n Suffolk, 
' thefe Parts keeping ftill their Meetings at New- &c - 

* market, under Pretence of Horfe-Racing : Rujh- 

* brook-Hall, near Bury, is the Place of their general 

* Rendezvous, and there feafted by the "jermyn 
Family. It doth very much difcontcnt and dif- 
VOL. XVII, O coura-e 

2 1 o 7&? Parliamentary HISTORY 

courage us who act for the Parliamentary Intereft, 
that we yet hear nothing in Anfwer to our Let- 
June. ters fr m tne Committee of Derby- Houfe ; and 
efpecially to that Particular of fecuring thofe that 
were Commanders in the Town of Bury in this 
Rebellion. It is our Wonder that they (hould 
have Liberty now to ramble all over our Coun- 
try. I profefs, were not my own Hands tied up 
by the Agreement, (as a Soldier) I would fecure 
them myfelf, and truft the Parliament for my In- 
demnity ; but now I am difabkd, without Order* 
from the Houfe. 

Gentlemen, I befeech you, m the Behalf of this 
poor Country, to acquaint jhe Houfe with our 
Fears, and obtain fome Order for their own and 
our Safety, This Day Se'nnight we are to have 
a general Meeting at Slow-Market^ where I de- 
fire to have your Advice, with fuch Orders as 
you {hall obtain for us. We are muttering our 
Forees, both Horfe and Foo: ; many of the 
Auxiliaries, I fear, are difaffecled ; we fliall en- 
deavour to mend them by a new modelling of 
them. I hope we fhall have the Encouragement 
of the Houfe in our Endeavours for the Public 
Safety, which will very much ftrengthen the Re- 
folutions of, 

Taur affeftionate Friends and Servants , 


The LETTER frcm an Alderman of Bury, inclofed in 
the foregoing. 


5 / R, Newmarket , May 30, 1648. 

THIS Morning, before I came out, I was 
informed that the Duke of Buckingham and ; 
divers others came Yefterday to RuJhbrook-Hally. 
where was a great Feaft, and divers Gentlemen 
prefent; and this Day alfo, fince I came to New- 
market, I underftand that all thofe Captains whiclv 
5 6 wer 


were at Bury in the Time of the Meeting^ are An. 24 Car, I. 
now irt Newmarkel^ which makes me and others 
much fear that there is fome Hi fuddenly intend- 
ed to our Town ; and how we mail oppofe them 
I know not, unlefs you can think of fome Way 
for our Help* I thought good, Sir, to give you 
Notice thereof, praying the Lord that he would 
be pleafed to direct you for that which may be 
moft for his Glory and our Goodi 
' Yefterday our Soldiers did mufter with us, and 
we had about 140 that we dare truft; but they 
want Experience. We conceive that Horfes 
would be very ufeful. With my Service remem- 
bered, I am bold to fubfcribe myfelf to be> 
Tour Servant to Command*, 


A PAPER given In to the Committee at Derby- 
Houfe by Sir Francis Pyle, and Mr. Packer. 

E being informed of the levying of new 
Forces, and fetting up a new 
the Abbey at Reading, there being already the 
Garrifon of IVmdfir and Walllngford 'in this 
County, (which new Levy caufeth a great Dif- 
turbance in the County) do defire that a Letter 
may be fent to the Committee of.Berh, to for-" 
bear any fuch Proceedings ; and that the Works 
at the Abbey may be flighted, according to a 
former Order of June i, 1648, for the County of 


Orders were given by both Houfes according to 
the Defire of this Letter, 

An Extratt of a LETTER from Mr. Rufhworth, the 
General's Secretary, to Mr. Froft. 

SIR, Maid/lone, June 2, 1648. 

'. \X7E nave juft now Intelligence that the 

* * * Enemy hath quitted Rockefter, and are 

* drawn out towards Gravefend, with Intentions to 

O 2 ' march 

2 1 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < march for Blackbeatb. Look to the City nnd South- 
work; we will hafte all we can, but they hav 


the Start of us. 

feoth Houfes ordered a joint Committee to go 
to the Common Couricil of London, and know 
the State of their Forces, and what may be expecl- 
cd from them on this Occafion ; and the Time be- 
ing preffing, they agreed to fit in the Afternoon of 
this Day j but we do not find that any Thing more 
\5 yet entered about it. 

The Commons, this Dav, refolved that they 
would proceed no further in ^their Impeachment :s 

againft Sir 'Yohn Gnyre? Knt. late Lord flavor of 
The Commons r j en /t i <~ i T i i "W 

London^ Ibomas Aaatns^ John Langbam, and fames 

Eunce^ Aldermen; nor againft Sir John Mcwnard ; 
t e n r the Earls f Llncoln i Sv/'o/.k t and Middlefex; 
rmen* tne Lords IVillougbby of Parbam, "Berkeley, Hunf- 
t he feven Lords, don* and MayrMrd. They likewife refolved, That 

Mernbets ^ ^ V ^ S ' whereb > r P' 1 H > 11 ^ Ell l' Sir WU ~< 

Tiam Waller^ Sir William Letcis, Colonel Edward 
Maffey^ Sir John Clstwortky, Mr. Anthony Nicbol 9 
and Mr. Walter Long, ftaild accufedby their Houfe, 
be difcharged. Some, Colonels, ?.nd other Officers 
of the Trained Bands, were alfo releafed out ot 

iop their Im 
prachmenti a 


Lord Fairfax's 
farther Account 
of his Succefs in 
Aipprefling the 
C< mrr.otions in 

June 5. This Day came more Intelligence from 
the General, communicated in a Letter from Ro- 
cbefter, with fome Papers inclofed, difcovering'the 
Depth of the whole Kentijb Plot. 

To the Right Hon. EDWARD Earl of MANCHES- 
TER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

Rochejler^ June 4, 1 648. 
My Lord, 

T Shall, according to my laft, give your Lord- 
* fhips this further Account of our Succefs at 
Maidftone : Upon Thurfday in the Evening, about 
feven o'Clock, after very long Marches, we got 
near the Town, and a Troop of Dragoons was 

* fent 

^ENGLAND. 213 

fent to make good a Pafs, whilfl the Town wr.s An. 24 Car. 

viewing at what Place our Men might beft enter: , l648 ' 

It being refolved upon to force our Paflage, in j jne _ 
cafe of a Refiftance, the gaining of that Town 
over the River being of great Advantage to our 
Affairs; but before there could be a View taken of 
the Town, the Dragoons had engaged the Enemy, 
and forced them from that Guard which they 
kept. The Dragoons being very forward to en- 

fage, purfued, and fo the Enemy drew forth a con- 
derable Party of Horfe and Foot to maintain a 
Pafs a,gainft us, which neceflitated the drawing 
down of the greateft Part of the Foot, with fome 
Horfe ; and though that Part of the Town was 
of the greateft Difficulty to enter, yet, through 
the great Goodnefs of God, our Men made their 
Entrance, and became Mafters of the Town af- 
ter four or five Hours hot Service. 
4 The Town being very ftrongly barricaded, 
and through the Darknefs of the Night and our 
Ignorance of the Town, they difputed the Bar- 
ricades and Places of Advantage with our Men 
playing hard with their Cannon upon them ; in ' 
which Service both Horfe and Foot did exceeding 
well, and particularly I cannot but take Notice 
of the Valour and Refolution of Colonel Hewfen^ 
whofe Regiment had the hardeft Talk, Major 
Carter^ his Major, being hurt, and Capt. Price 
a deferving and faithful Officer, {lain. The beft 
of their Men were there, whereof many are Ca- 
valiers and London Aprentices, they looking upon 
the Confequence of that Place to be very 
great, and therefore did refolve to make what 
Refiftance they could. The old Lord Goring 
was that Day proclaimed General at the Head 
of their Army, upon the Hill near Aylesford* 
where we faw their Body drawn up; which, as 
their Prifoners fmce do confefs, and they them- 
felves gave out, confifted of 8000, behdes thofe 
in Maid/lone and Aylesford, in both which Places 
there were about 3000. Thofe of dylesfordcam- 
O 3 ins- 

An. id. Car. I. c 

l6 4 8 - < 

2?4 ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

ing as a frefti Supply to relieve thofe engaged to 
Maidjlone, there were near 300 fl % ain, and about 

* I 3 Prifoners, many of them being taken next 
4 Morning in the Woods, Hop-Yards, and Fields, 
4 whither they efcaped in the Time of their Flight j 

* amongft whom were many Gentlemen of good 
4 Quality, Sir Samuel Dudley^ Sir William Brock- 
4 man> Mr. Scot^ Major Price, and others, a Lift 

* whereof is preparing to be fent. There were 

* about 500 Horfe^ooo Arms, nine Foot-Colours, 

* and eight Pieces of Cannon, with Store of Am- 

* munition, alfo taken. 

4 In the firft Charge which our Forlorn Hope 
< gave the Enemies Horfe, wherein our Horfe car- 
4 ried themfelves very gallantly as I fmce hear, Sir 
4 'John Maney^ and divers others of Quality were 

* ilain. 

4 After it had pleafed God to give us this great 

* Mercy of gaining the Town, their Men received 

* fo great Difcouragement, that the greateir Part of 

* the Army left them and were diiperfed, and a 
4 great Number of OfRcers and Gentlemen fmce 
* fled to ihift for themfelves. Their Word at the 

* Engagement was, King and Kent ; ours, Truth. 

4 Having thus Doffefled ourfelves of the Pailes at 
' Maidfione and Ayiesford^ the Enemy being much 
4 ccnfufed with our Succefs, and their own men 

* deferting them, they at laft marched over Rcckef- 
" ttr Bridge, towards Blackbeatb with about 3000 
4 Horfe and Foot, moft of which were Cavaliers, 

* Apprentices, and Watermen. Qur Men not be- 

* ing able to make fo fpeedy a March after them as 

* was necefiary, I fent Col. U- baley with a Party of 
4 Horfe and Dragoons after them, upon whofe Ap- 

* proach they have left Kent^ and fled over the Wa- 
4 ter into E-JJcx^ by tyooivuicb and Greenwich. Col. 

* H'baley is in PUJ iuit, and I doubt not but he will 
4 give a good Account of that Service. 

4 I have fent Col. Rich with a Party of Horfe 
4 and Foot to relieve Dover , wherein I truft we 
4 {hall find the fame Preience of God as we 

4 hitherto 


hitherto have had, My Prayer to the Lord is, An. 
that this great >vT ~cy may be further improved to 
his Glory an! uus Kingdom's Good. 
' I thought fit to prcfent to your Lordfhips thefe 
Papers inclofed, taken from the Enemy; where- 
by you will .perceive the Depth of their Plot, and 
their Engagement to purfue what they have un- 
dertaken. I remain, 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant, 


P. S. I have fecured the Mayor of Rochejler, 
f whofe Hand is to the Commiffions granted for 

* raifing of Forces.' 

T^he PLAN of ACTION mentioned In Lord Fairfax's 


Roche/ler^ May 30, 1 648. 

6 /^Ommanders in Chief to be appointed. Copies of feveraJ 

' The Army to be divided into Brigades, Papers taken 

' Regiments, and Companies, and to have neceflary there * 
' Commanders and Officers over them, 

' All other Officers, Quarter-Matters, Scout- 
Mailers, Mufter-Mafters, Engineers, &c. 

* Pioneers and their Commanders, and necefTary 
' Shovels, Spades, Mattocks, Wheelbarrows, Edge 
' Tools, Qte to make Defence againft Horfe, and 
' Breaft- Works for Mufqueteers, &c. 

* ^uxre^ Drakes and Field Pieces, to fortify the 
' Block-houfe at Gravefend', and what Courfe fhall 

* be taken that we may be fupplied out of Effete 
c when Need is, and to endeavour Supplies out of 

* ghtare, Whether or not neceflary to fortify 

* Rochefter with a Line and Forts ? 

* To take away all Arms from the adverfe Party, 
' and to fecure the Perfons of fuch as are molt 

* powerful and dangerous. 

* If the Enemy be ftronger than we, then to take 
' Courfe for Retreat beyond the Medway, 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

' To fortify Bridges, and to break down thofc 
' Bridges which are not fit to be fortified, and to 

ftop up the Fords. 

<$uare, Whether to fortify Tunbridge Cattle, 
*and the Bridge there? 

* A feleft Council of War, not of very many, to 
' avoid Confufion in Debates, and to prevent Dif- 
' covery of Secrets. 

' Another Council or Committee to hear and 

* difpatch ordinary Things, that the Council of 

* War be not troubled with over much Bufinefs. 

' ^hieere, How to order all Affairs when we go 
' up with our Petition, and to fecure Maid/lone^ 
4 &c. when we are gone ? ' 

' To take fpecLl Order for Intelligence. 

* To appoint an Officer or Committee to deliver 
4 put Arms, who muft not deliver any till he is 

* well informed to whom, and to take Notice 
' of their Names. 

* The Trained Bands of Maid/lone have lent to- 
c Auxiliaries 80 Arms, who defire to have them a- 
' gain, and that Auxiliaries be otherwifefurnifhed. 

' To appoint Colonels, Captains, and Officers 
' over all the Trained Bands, and to confider 
' touching Volunteers and Auxiliaries.' 

"The ENGAGEMENT of the Gentlemen of Kent. 

Rochefler^ May 29, 1648. 
fc XT17 E oblige ourfelves by. the Faith of Chrif- 

* * tians and the Honour of Gentlemen, not 
' to difcover or betray any Debates or Conclufions, 

* concluded or refolved upon by the Subfcribers 
' hereof; and further, faithfully and refolutely to 
' deliver our Judgments, and endeavour in. efFedtu- 

* ating thefe Refults. 

1. * There is no Credit to be given to Words 
' or Promifes ; but to the real Performances of 
' your Defires, and that fpeedily. 

2. ' You cannot imagine that your County fhall 

* be free from their Powefj and other Counties 
fubjeft to the fame. 

3. Treaties 

of ENGLAND. 217 

' Treaties and Promifes are to the End only to An - 2 i ^ ar 

* furceafe the Profecution of your Affairs, until t 

* they can make ready a Power to fupprefs you. Juiw. 

4. ' You can have no better Security than their 

* Votes, and all Men know they change them daily; 
' and the Slaughter of the Surry Men, and the 
' JufHfication thereof by a. Vote of theirs, and the 

* hanging of Capt. Burley (a), doth evidently ftiew; 

* what is to be expected by any who oppofe them : 
' Nothing can fecure you but reftoring the King 
' and the Laws. 

* Their Power at this prefent is employed in the 

* fupprefiing of other Counties who have the fame 
' Ends with you ; and their Army for the main 
' Part thereof, is divided into fcveral remote J'arts 
of Wales, Connual/, the North, Su/olk, &c. fo 
' that you can never have fuch an opportune Time 
' to effect: your Defires ; and therefore to lofe this 

* Time is to lofe your Bufmcfs, and to be de- 

* A Letter to be fent to the Londoners for their 
' Concurrence, arid to permit our Men an Admif- 
' fion through the City, as they did to EJJcx and 
' Surry ; in which Letter recite all the Indignities 
' the Houfes and Army have put upon the City 
' from Time to Time; as the changing of their 

.' Militia; taking from them the Tower, and leaving 

' it now empty ; the Slaughter of their Appren- 

' tices ; their imprifoning of their Mayor and Al- 

' dermen ; the demolifhing of their Works ; the 

' Rejection of their Remonftrance ; their trium- 

1 phant marching through their City ; their diitruft- 

' ing the City to guard the Houfes ; making of Or- 

' dinances to take away their Votes in the chufing 

' City Officers ; and their late Ordinance for the 

6 Militia of the City, left at the Pleafure of the 

c City to revoke when they will. 

' Thjngs are brought to that Pafs that the Trea- 

' fure of the Kingdom is exported, none brought 

< in; 

(a) He had ordered a Drum to beat up at Newport, in the Ifle of 
Wight, for refcuing of the King ; for which he was f,und guilty of 
High Treafon before Serjeant Wyld, at Wtr,cbefltr t and executed ac- 
cordingly. Ludlow, Vol. I. p. Z54. Clarendon, Vol. V. p. 90, 


An. 24 Car. I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

in ; Trade entirely ruined ; Dearth increafed ; 
a foreign Nation will come in, unlefs fome other 
fpeedy Way be taken for the fpeedy reftoring of 
the King ; which this City, by concurring with 
their Neighbours at this Time, may do, other- 
wife all thofe Miferies that fhall enfue muft be 
imputed to them. 

This Letter will be of no EfTeS, unlefs one 
of thefe two Courfes be taken, either to have it 
delivered and read in Common-Hall, where all the 
Citizens are aflembledj or, if that cannot be, to 
have it printed and difperfed thro' the City :* And 
the Letter muft be directed To the Lord Mayor 
and Commonalty of the City of London. 
* Send to the Prince for Commiflions fora Com* 
mander in Chief, and fome other Officers ; and 
have a ftanding Council compofed of four Per- 
fons of each of the aflbciated Counties, a {land- 
ing Army, a Commander in Chief, Aflefirnents 
upon the Country to maintain them, and there- 
in as fparing of the common People as may be. 

Next follows the Copy of a Commiffion, figned 
t>y Philip Maude^ Mayor of Rochejier, Edward 
Haks^ Efq; (a] Commander in Chief, and five other 
Gentlemen, appointing Sir William Compton> Knt. 
to be Colonel of a Regiment of Horfe of 500 Menj 
alfo a Copy of a Receipt for a Contribution of 
io/. as fo much lent to the Gentlemen Petitioners 
< of Kent, to be repaid in one Month ; and a Pafs, 
dated at MaidJIone, directed To all the Colonels 
and Captains of Corps of Guards^ and others whom it 
may concern. All which Papers the Lords ordered 
* to be forthwith printed. 

The Earl of Denbigh* from the Committee fent 
to the Lord Mayor, tsV. in the City, about what 
Forces they could raife for the Security of them- 
felves and the Parliament, reported this Anfwer : 


[a] Lord Clarendon gives a very craft Narrative of the Rife of thefe 
Commotions In Kent, and the Occafion of Mr! Halet": 
rd General. J 7 */, V. f, 133, etfa 

$f ENGLAND. 219 

* That they would fend to the Militia about it : In An. 24 car. I r 
the mean Time it was the Defire of the Common- 
Council, That thofe Aldermen committed to the 
Tower may be releafed; becaufe it would be a 
Means for the better railing of Forces for the fecur- 
ingof the Parliament and City.' 

yune 5. Pofl Merid. The following Letter was 
agreed upon by the Lords to be fent to the Lord 

My Lord, 

T Am commanded, by the Lords in Parliament, to A Letter of 
^ make thefe their Acknowledgments unto you ; Thanks to Lotd 
that, as your former Faithfulnefs and gallant Fairfax< 
Services have merited much from the Parliament 
and the whole Kingdom, fo they take Notice of 
your great Diligence and Hazard in the lateSup- 
preifion of thofe who had tumultuoufly gathered 
themfelves together, in Difobedience to the Com- 
mands of Parliament; and, by an open Force, 
made Refiftance to thofe Forces under your 
Command. They blefs God for that great and 
happy Succefs which he hath given you, and re- 
turn their Thanks to your Excellency, whom 
they look upon as the chief -Inftrument in this 
greafVitory ; and they defire you to be confident, 
that they will not be wanting, upon any Occafion, 
to exprefs their Refpe&s to you, fuch as may give 
you an Aflurance of the Value and Efteem they 
have of you. This is what I have in Command, 
Wh9 am, 

foiir Excellency's bumble Servant, 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

An Adi: of Indemnity was pafied for thofe who 
had taken up Arms in Effex: Alfo a Declaration of 
both H.oufes, That George Lord Goring's taking 
Vp Arms in Ktnt and EJJex was levying War 


22O T*be Parliamentary HISTORY 

againft the Parliament and Kingdom ; that he wa 
a Traitor, and ought to be proceeded againft for 
the fame, in the ufual Courfe and Proceedings of 
' Parliament. Lord Cap el likewife was ordered to. 
be fent for up to anfwer to a Charge agaiitft him. 

June 6. This Day the Commons fent up a Mef- 
fage to acquaint the Lords, That they would pro- 
ceed no further upon the Impeachments againft the 
feven Peers. 

Upon which the Lords ordered, That the faid 
Lords, by Name, fhould be forthwith difcharged 
from the Reftraint they laid under on Account of 
the faid Impeachments ; and that the fame, upon 
the aforefaid Declaration of the Commons, fhould 
be vacated in the Journal-Book. The fame Order 
was made for difcharging the late Lord Mayor^ 
Sir John Gayre y &c. but we do not find above one 
or two of the Articles of Impeachment vacated, 
notwithftanding this Order, 
m cached Ordered^ alfo, That the Lords impeached fhould 

Peer eftored to have Notice to attend the Service of the Houfe the 

tbeb Seats. next Morning. 

The fame Day the Lords took into Confidera- 
tion the new Propofitions from the Commons to 
be fent to the King; and, after fome Debate, the 
following were agreed upon : 

I. c \\ THereas both Houfes of the Parliament 
The new Propo- < V V f ^ ng ] and have been neceffitated to un- 

fitiorw nf Peace ... , , riTxr 

to be fent to ihe tertake a War m their juft and lawful Defence ; 
and afterwards both Kingdoms of England and 
Scotland, joined in Solemn League and Covenant, 
were engaged to profecute the fame : That, by 
Aft of Parliament in each Kingdom refpedtively^ 
All Oaths, Declarations, and Proclamations, 
heretofore had, or hereafter to be had, againft 
both or either of the Houfes of Parliament ofEng* 
land, the Parliament of the Kingdom of Scotland, 
and the late Convention of Eftates in Scotland^ 
or Committees flowing from the Parliament or 

' Convention 

r/ E N G L A N D. 221 

* Convention in Scotland^ or their Ordinances and An. 24 Car. i 

* Proceedings, or againft any for adhering unto 

* them, or for doing or executing any Officej 
4 Place, or Charge, by any Authority derived from 

* them; and all Judgments, Indictments, Outlnw- 

* ries, Attainders, and Inquifitions, in any the faid 
4 Caufes ; and all Grants thereupon made or had, or 

* to be made or had, be declared null, fupprefied, 
4 and forbidden : And that this be publickly declar- 

* ed in all Parifh-Churches within his Majefty's 

* Dominions, and all other Places needfuU 

2. ' Whereas both Kingdoms are mutually oblig- 
4 ed, by the fame Covenant, to bring the Churches 

* of God, in the three Kingdoms, to the neareft 

* Conjunction and Uniformity in Doctrine, Wor- 

* fhip, Difcipline, and Government, according to 
4 the Word of God, and the Example of the beft 

* Reformed Churches : That the Prefbyterial Go^ 

* vernment be confirmed by Aft of Parliament, in 
4 fuch Manner as both Houfes of Parliament have 

* agreed, in feveral Ordinances of Parliament; that 
' is to fay, &c. for the Term of three Years, from 
4 the 6th of June 1648. 

4 That it be eftablifhed by Act of Parliament^ 

* That the Lords and Commons, in the Parlia- 

* ment of England affembled, fhall, during the 

* Space often Years from the 6th of June 1648, 
4 arm, train, and difcipline, or caufe to be armed, 
4 trained, and difciplined, all the Forces of the 
4 Kingdoms of England and Ireland, and Dominion' 
c of jfrales, the Ifles of Guernfey and Jerfey, and 

* the Town of Berwick upon u)ed y already raif- 
e ed, both by Sea and Land .Service ; and that, 

* from Time to Time, during the faid Space often' 
Years, (hall raife, levy, arm, train, and difci- 
e pline, or caufe to be raifed, levied, armed, train- 

* ed and difciplined, any other Forces for Land 
and Sea Service, in the Kingdoms, Dominions, 
4 and Places aforefaid, as in their Judgments they 

4 {hall, from Time to Time, during the faid Space 

* of ten Years, think fit and appoint : And that 

5 neither the King, his Heirs or Succeflbrs, nor. 

222 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 car. j. < any other, but fuch as fhall at by the Authority' 

* J*" 8 ' . 4 or Approbation of the faid Lords and Commons, 

June. ' fhall, during the faid Space of ten Years, exer- 

' cife any of the Powers aforefaid. 

f And the like for the Kingdom of Scotland, if 

* the Eftates of the Parliament there (hall think 
' fit. 

4 That Monies be raifed and levied for the Main- 

* tenance and Ufe of the faid Forces, for Land 

* Service, and of the Navy and Forces for Sea Ser- 

* vice, in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways and Means, 

* as the faid Lords and Commons fhall, from Time 
4 to Time, during the faid Space of ten Years, think 
' fit and appoint, and not otherwife : And that all 
1 the faid Forces, both by Land and Sea Service, fo 
1 raifed or levied, or to be raifed or levied, and alfo 

* the Admiralty and Navy, (hall, from Time to 
4 Time, during the faid Space of ten Years, be 
4 employed, managed, ordered, and difpofed, by 
4 the faid Lords and Commons, in fuch Sort, and 

* by fuch Ways and Means, as they (hall think fit, 
4 and not otherwife. 

* And the faid Lords and Commons, during the 
4 faid Space of ten Years, fhall have Power, 

r. 4 To fupprefs all Forces raifed, or to be raif- 
c ed, without Authority and Confent of the faid 1 
4 Lords and Commons, to the Difturbance of the 
4 public Peace of the Kingdoms of England and 
4 Ireland^ and Dominion of Wales, the Ifles of 
' Guernfey and Jerfey, and the Town of Berwick 1 

* upon Tweed, or any of them ; 

2. 4 To fupprefs any foreign Forces who fhall 
invade, or endeavonr to invade, the Kingdoms 

* of England and Ireland^ Dominion of 'VFbles, the" 
4 Ifles of Guernfey and Jerfey, and the Town of 

* Berwick upon Tweed, or any of them j 

3. 4 To conjoin fuch Forces of the Kingdom of 
4 England with the Forces of the-Kingdom of Scot-* 
4 land, as the faid Lords and -Commons fhall, from, 

* Time to Time, during the faid Space of ten 
4 Years, judge fit and neceflary, to refift all foreign 

* Invafions, and to fupprefs any Forces raifed, or 

* to 

cf ENGLAND. 223 

* to be raifed, againft or within either of the faid An. *4 Car - 

* Kingdoms, to the Difturbance of the Public Peace ' 4 

' of the faid Kingdoms, or any of them, by any j une , 

* Authority of the Great Seal, or other Warrant 
' whatfoever, without the Confent of the faid 
Lords and Commons of the Parliament of Eng- 
' land ; and the Parliament, or the Eftatcs of the 

* Parliament, of Scotland refpeclively : And that no 

* Forces of either Kingdom fhall go into, or con- 

* tinue in, the other Kingdom, without the Advice 

* and Defire of the faid Lords and Commons of 
' the Parliament of England, and the Parliament of 
' the Kingdom of Scotland^ or fuch as lhall be by 
' them appointed for that Purpofe. 

' Provided that, during the faid Space of tcrr 
' Years, nothing herein before contained (hall ex- 
' tend to the taking away of the ordinary legal 
' Power of Sheriffs, Juftices of Peace, Mayors, 
' Bailiffs, Coroners, Conftables, Head-boroughs, 

* and other Officers of Juftice, not being Military 
' Officers, concerning the Adminiftration of Jul- 
' tice ; fo as neither the faid Sheriffs, Juftices of 

* the Peace, Mayors, Bailiffs, Coroners, Conftables, 
' Head-boroughs, and other Officers, or any of 

* them, do levy, conduct, employ, or command any 

* Forces whatfoever, by Colour or Pretence of any 
' Commiffion of Array, or extraordinary Com-' 
' mand, from his Majefty, his Heirs or Succeflbrs, 

* without the Confent ojf the faid Lords and Com- 

* mons. 

' And if any Perfons, during the faid Space of 

* ten Years, {hall be gathered and affembled toge- 

* ther, in warlike Manner, or otherwife, to the 

* Number of thirty Perfons, and fhall not forth- 
' with dilband, or difperfe themfelves, being re- 

* quired thereunto by the faid Lords and Com- 
' mons T or Command from them, or any by them, 

* efpecially authorized for that Purpofe ; then fuch 
c Perfon and Perfons, not fo diibanding, or difperf- 
' ing themfelves, (hall be guilty, and incur the 
*' Paints of High Treafonj being firft declared guilty 

* of fvtch Offence by the ifaid Lords and Commons ; 

224 ^^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

, 2 6 4 f* r * F * ' "^ CommLTion under the Great Seal, or other 

^. t * Warrant, to the contrary notwithstanding : 
June. ' And he or they that (hall offend herein, to be 

c incapable of any Pardon from his Majefty, his 

* Heirs or Succeffors ; and their Eftates fhall be 
' difpofed as the faid Lords and Commons fhall 
4 think fit, and not otherwife. 

* Provided that the City of London fhall have and 
c enjoy all their Rights, Liberties, and Franchifes, 

* Cuftoms and Ufages, in the raifing and employ- 
e ing the Forces of that City, for the Defence 
' thereof, in as full and ample Manner, to all In- 

* tents and Purpofes, as they have, or might have, 

* ufed or enjoyed the fame, at any Time, before 
c the Making of the faid Aft or Proportion. 

' And, after your Majefty's Affent given to the 

c three Propofitions now tendered to your Majefty, 

. c and to fuch A&s of Parliament as fhall be offered 

* by both Houfes, for Confirmation thereof -, then 
' both Houfes of Parliament will treat with your 
' Majefty concerning the future Settlement of the 
6 Government of the Church, the Settlement of 
6 the Militia, and upon the reft of the Propofitions 
c formerly tendered to your Majefty at Hampton- 

* Court. ' 

* And the Houfes of the Parliament of England 
c do defire, That fuch Proportions as fhall be fit 

* and neceffary for the Kingdom ofStoHqnd, may be 
c prepared to be fent to his Majefty with all con- 

* venient Speed.' 

June 7. Nothing material in the Houfe of Lords, 
except the following Letter from the Earl of IVar- 
ky Lord-Admiral, which was read. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Port/mouth, June 6, 1 648, 

A Letter from c C I N C E my coming hither I have ufed my befl 
the Earl of War- c ^ Endeavours to fettle, in a Firmnefs to their 
wick touch^g v D u ty the Ships found in thcfe Parts j which I 

the i em per or * , % 

the Fleet! 

of N G L A N t>. 22$ 

have done as well as I am able, the feveral Ships An. 34 Car. I. 
Companies here having engaged themfelves to t .' * ' , 
live and die with me in Defence of the Parlia- j une> 
ment's Caufe. I have not heard any thing from 
the Downs by Sea fince my coming hither j but, 
by a Letter received this Day from London, I hear 
that the fix revolted Ships, lately at. the Doivm^ 
are gone Northward ; that fome Kentijh Gentle- 
men are aboard them, who were engaged in the 
late Rebellion ; and that fome of the Seamen give 
out they will fpeedily go for Holland; which I 
conceive is not improbable, as the Gentlemen, 
aboard may advife and make it their Deiign to 
provoke them unto it, out of a Defpair of their 
Non-indemnity, having oppofed to the laft. 
* My Lord, I have as yet fpoken but vvich four 
Ships, of whofe Firmnefs to their Truft I have 
much Confidence, and fo I have of fome others, 
which I Ihortly expecl : Yet, confidering the Un- 
certainty of Affections, and thole Impreffion^ of 
Difcontent which I find upon too many Spirits, 1 
humbly offer it unto the Wifdom of the Houfes, 
whether it may not be a great Advantage, to the 
more fpeedy and effectual reducing of the revoked 
Ships, to grant an Indemnity to thofe Gentlemen 
of Kentthzt are aboard, as they have been pleaf- 
ed to do to the Seamen, fo as they procure their 
Ships to be delivered to me, or fuch as the Par- 
liament or myfelf fhall appoint; which,, in my own 
private Opinion, may be of great Ufe : And, if 
it fhall be fo thought fit by the Houfes, to whofe 
Pleafure I do wholly fubmit, I do make it my 
humble Requeft accordingly. 
' I fhali add no more but my faithful Prayer, 
that the God of Wifdom and Peace will fo con- 
duel: and profper all your Councils, that the Re- 
fult of them may be a fafe and fpeedy Settlement 
of the fad Diftra&ions of the Kingdom j to which 
Iffue I doubt not but the fame Power and Good- 
nefs that hath formerly owned and accompanied 
VOL. XVII. P 'the - 

226 tfhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *4. Car. I. t tne Parliament's Caufe, will, in due Time, direct 
t "** , c their Refolutions j and fo I reft, 

Your Lordjhip's bumble Servant, 


The fame Day the Commons revcrfed their Or- 
der of the yth of September laft, againft John Glynne, 
Efq; Recorder of London^ on the Petition of the 
Inhabitants ofWeflmw/fcr* for which Place he ferv-. 
ed, and reftored him to his Seat in the Houfe. 
Thelateim- The next Day they revoked their Orders made 

peached Mem- September and January laft. difabling Sir Join 

bers of the Houfe * , J J . ' b J 

of Commons re- Maynard^ Lionel Copley , and Denzil Holies, Eiqrs, 
ftored to thcjr Sir ll r illiam Lewis t Sir William Waller ^ Sir John 
Se^ in Parlia- Clotworthy, Col Edward Maflly, Waller Long, and 
Anthony Ntcbol, Efqr?. from being Members. 

We meet with the following Minutes of the De- 
bate in the Houfe of Commons on this remarkable 
Occafion, drawn up by a Member of this Parlia- 
ment (</), which we (hall give in his own Words, 
detached from fuch perfonal Reflections as only fhew 
the Refentment of the Writer. Obferving at the 
fame Time, that fuch Proceed ings and Refolutions of. 
the Houfe as he makes mention of, are generally 
confirmed by the Journals ; and when he clafhes 
with thofe Authorities, the Variations will be occa- 
fionally pointed out. His Account of the AlFair 
now before us runs thus : 

Debate on that * About the Beginning of "June a Debate hap- 
Occaiionr pened in the Houfe of Commons, about the four 

imprifoned Aldermen, occafioned by a Petition 
from the City (), and concerning the impeached 
Lords and Commons. Mr. Gewen fpake modeftly 
in their Behalf, faying, That what they did was 


(a) Tbe Hifttry of Indcptndenry. by Clement Walker, Efq; publi/hed 
in 1648, under the Name of 'iheodoius Vcrax. It is oblervable 
when this Gentleman fpeaks of himfelf, it is always in the thiii 
(A). This is Already given at p. 196- 

' tf fi N G L A N t>* 527 

done by virtue of an Ordinance of Parliament made An. 24. Car. I. 
this very Seffion of Parliament, and without any In- l64S ' 
tent to raife a new War; but only to defend the 
City againft the Menaces of the Army marching up 
againft them and the Parliament. But Mr. Gurdon 
anfwered, He thought they intended a new War, 
and were encouraged thereto by the Gentleman that 
fpake laft; when he faid to them at their Common- 
Council, Up and be doing. Mr. Walker (perceiving 
Mr. Gewen to be caufelefly reflected on) replied^ 
That fmcethis Debate on the City-Petition tended 
towards a clofing up of all Differences, it was unfit 
Men that fpake their Confciences freely and mo- 
deftly fhould be upbraided with Repititions tending 
to Difunion; and defired Men not to be permitted 
to vent their Malice under Colour of (hewing their 
Zeal : When, prefently, Mr. Thomas Scot replied, 
upon Mr. iPalktTi That the Gentleman that fpake 
laft was not fo well-affected, but that the Clofe 
Committee of Examinations would find Caufe to 
take an Order with him (hortly. Mr. Walker of- 
fered to anfwer him, and demanded the Juftice of 
the Houfe, but could not be heard. Thofe that 
fpake in Behalf of the Aldermen were often affront-; 
ed, and threatened with the DifpJeafure of the 
Army; which, they alledged, would be apt to fall 
into Diftempers if we difcharged them. Notwith- 
ftanding thefe Menaces, it was voted, That the 
Houfe would not profecute their Impeachments 
againft the faid four Aldermen, Sir "John Maynard^ 
and the feven Lords ; and that they would proceed 
no further upon their Order for impeaching Mr. 
Holies, Sir William Waller, fcfV. 

* Two or three Days after a Motion was fet on 
Foot, That the Order whereby the faid Members 
were difabled from being of the Houfe might be 
revoked. Many Zealots argued fiercely, and 
threatened againft it. Amongft other Arguments 
for them, a Precedent was infifted upon, That 
Mr. Henry Martin was, by Order, difabled from 
being a Member, yet he was afterwards re-admit- 
teJ upon his old Election : And it was defired thefc 
P 2 * Gentlemen 

22$ ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *4 Cat. l. Gentlemen might find equal Juftice ; for the Houter 
, l6 4 g ' ^ having freed them a Culpa, could not, in Equity ^ 
June! kut free them a Parna, and put them in the Remit- 
ter of all that belonged to them. ut Sir Peter 
Wentwortb anfwered, That Mr. Martin's Cafe and 
theirs differed; Mr. Martin was expelled for 
Words fpoken againft the King, fuch as every 
Man's Confcience told him were true (a] j but be- 
caufe he fpake thofe Words unfeafonably, when 
the King was in good Strength, and the Words,. 
whether true or falfe, were, in Stricknefs of Law, 
Treafon ; the Houfe, efpccially the luke-warm 
Men, confidering the doubtful Events of War, 
difabled and committed him, left the whole Houfc 
might be drawn in Compafs of High Treafon for 
conniving at them; which was a prudential Act, 
though contrary to Juftice, and contrary to the Senfe 
of the godly and honeft Party of the Houfe : But af- 
terwards, the King growing weaker and the Parlia- 
ment ftronger, the Houfe reftored Mr. Martin, and 
thought fit to fet every Man's Tongue at Liberty 
to fpeak Truth, even againft the King himfelf: And 
now every Day Words of a higher Nature are 
fpoken againft him, by the well -affected Godly in 
the Houfe. 

fc After many Threats ufed by Wentivortb, Ven^ 
Harvey i S cot, Gur don, Weaver , &c. the faid difabling 
Order was repealed.* 

Mr. Ludlow imputes this extraordinary Turn of 
Affairs to the many Infurreclions and Commotions 
now on foot ; * When- the Prefbyterian Party pre- 
vailed in the Houfe by rcafon of the Abfence of di- 
vers Members who belonged to the Army, and 
were employed in all Parts of the Nation (b).' 

The Reftitution of thefe Members, and the fe- 
ven impeached Peers, to their Seats, gave a great 
Turn to the Refolutions of Parliament; for we 
find that, 

On the loth of this Month, an Order was made 
that the Knights of the Shire for Surry do take 


(.) See Vol. IX. p. i s . and Vol. XIL p. 373. 
(i) Mtmoin, VwJ. I. p. 251. 

of E N G L A N D. 229 

Care to publifh and give Notice of the following An - ; -4 Car. I. 
Anfwer to the late Petition from that County, pref ...*_*'___,, 
fmg for a perfonal Treaty with the King : j uj , e> 

* This Houfe, being ienfible of the former Scr- The commons 
vices of the County of S.uriy, and their lafcjJjfXKj* 
peaceable Demeanor in the faid County, hathf rom s urrj . 
thought fit to give this Anfwer to the Petition re- 
ceived thence; That this Houfe doth not doubt 
but the faid County muft needs take Notice of 
their Proceedings, in relation to the Settlement 
of the Peace of the Kingdom, by a Treaty with 
the King for a fafe and well-grounded Peace : 
And this Houfe hath in Confideration fuch fur- 
ther Means as are moft conducible to that End, 
and to the Eafmg of the Burdens of the People ; 
which, by God's Bleffing, they hope may give 
Satisfaction to the Petitioners and to the King- 
dom. * 

This Petition had been prefented to the- Com- 
mons on the 1 6th of the Jaft Month, when they re- 
fufed to give any Anfwer to it. 

Infurre&ions agalnft the Parliament (till con- infurrcflions i 
tinued in feveral Cpunties ; but rifmg in fmall different Coun- 
Bodies, and in Places at a wide Diftance from one tles< 
another, they were foon fubdued. Letters were 
this Day read in the Houfe of Lords, from Colonel 
ffqite, with an Account of a Viclory he had 
obtained againft fome Forces raifed in Huntingdon 
and Cambridge Shires, under the Command of 
Col. Hudfony who was killed hiaifelf in the Ac- 
tion, and all his Men; no Quarter being given to 
any but the fuperior Officers. Petitions a] fo came And j Petitions 
up from different Counties, all praying the Parlia- for anAgreement 
ment to agree with the King, in order to relieve Wlth 
them from their miferable and dUlracted Condi- 
tion; which quickened the Houfe in their Pro- 
pofitions to be fent to his Majefty for a Peace. 
But it is plain they were in continual Dread and 
Fear themfelves, by their having a Guard always 
attending them when they fat, 'who were lodged 
and' quartered in the King's Affws and in the 
P 3 Palace 

Letters and Pa- 
ers from the 

The Parliamentary H i*s T o R Y 

Palace at Whitehall* The Charge of one Troop 
of Hoife, confiding of 100 Men befidcs Officers, is 
thus computed in the Commons Journals. 

The Charge of raifing a Troop-, /. s. d. 
of 100 Plorfe, allowing for each (.800 o o 
Horfe 8 /, doth amount unto J 

Allowing for three Corporals,"! 
three Trumpeters Clerk, Sadler, I 72 o o 

Farrier, at the fame Rate, amounts J 

to ~ J 872 o o 

Captain Edward Reffiter, ~|The like Eftablifh- 

Lieut. Anthony Markbam^ f ment as in the Ar- 

Cornet Charles Nonvood^ -* my. 

The Officer's Pay, 

per Week. 

per Month, 

/. s. 

/. s. d. 

Quartermafter, at " 
2:. per Diem, 

> 2 l6 

11 4 o 

Three Corporals, at 
3 s, per Diem each T - 


12 12 

Three Trumpeters, 
at 3 s. each per Diem, 


12 12 

100 Troopers, at 
2 s. each per Diem, 

70 o o 

280 o o 

Clerk, -> 

Sadler, fe^g 



i 4 itrncr^ J w 
The Charge of the- 

Troop, befides Cap- 
tain, Lieutenant, and 

>8i 4 o. 

324 16 o 

Cornet, amounts to . 

June 14. The following Letters and Papers, 
from the Engli/b Commiflioners in Scotland^ were 
read in the Houfe of Lords. 

T(? the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of ike Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 
My Lord, Edinburgh^ May 25, 1648. 

* Hf ^E inclofed Papers will give your Lord? 
< * fhips an Account of our Proceedings here 

* ^ n P ur - i;ance of y our Commands, \ w.e 


c/ E N G L A N D. 231 

have had no Return from the Parliament of Scot- An. 14 Car. I. 
land; yet we have prefied earneftly for Anfwers to * ***' * 
the Things we had in Charge, becaufe we hear j uue . 
the Parliament will prefently adjourn. In the 
mean Time there are many ftrange Reports fcat- 
tered here, much to the Difadvantage of the Par- 
liament ; which, it being now above a Fortnight 
fince we heard from London^ the ordinary Poft 
failing, we are not able, on certain Grounds, to 
contradict ; therefore we conceive it might be for 
the Service of the Parliament ; that, till it fhall 
be thought fit to call us back, which we (hall 
much defire might be fpeedily, we may frequently 
hear from the Parliament; and to that end, all 
Paflages being ftopt by Land, forne fmall VefTels 
maybe appointed to attend here, that thofe Things 
wherein your Service is concerned m'ay be fpeedi- 

* ly conveyed to your Lordfhip from, 

My Lord, 
Tour Lord/hip's mojl humble Servant^ 


A PAPER delivered by the Englifh Commijjioners to 
the CcmmitteeofEftates,May2$, 1648, in pur- 
fuance of theirs of the i$th, fent with the Votes of 
both Houfes. 

Edinburgh, May 25, 1648. 

* T>Y our Paper dated the ifth of this Inftant 
' May y we did communicate to your Lord- 
' fhips a Vote of the Parliament of England^ de- 
' daring their Readinefs to join with the Kirig- 
' dom of Scotland in the Propofitions agreed on by 

* both Kingdoms, prefented to the King at Hamp- 

* ton-Court, and the making fuch further Proceed- 

* ings thereupon, as mould be thought fit for tha 

* fpeedy Settlement of the Pea'ce of both Kingdoms, 

* and Prefcrvation of the Union according to 

* the Covenant and Treaties : Whereunto, pre- 

* fuming of your Lordfhips Refolutions to purl'ue 

P 4 'the 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

the fame Ends, we expected a fpeedy AnfwerJ 
but having not as yet received any, we muft 
prefs your Lordfhips for a Return to that Paper, 
and the Vote therewith fent to your Lordfhips, 
which fo much conduceth to the Happinefs of both 

$y Command of the Commijfioners of the Parliament 


A CoPV of the Englifli Commijfioners PAPER, con- 
cerning the Deferes of the Parliament of Scotland, 
of the zbtb of April, 1648. 

Edinburgh, 'June I, 1648. 
E are commanded by both Houfes of 
the Parliament of England, in purfuance of 
their Letter to the Lord- Chancellor of Scotland^ 
dated the jjth of May laft, to acquaint your 
Lordfhips, that, before they received your Loid- 
fhips Paper of Defires of the 26th of April laft, 
both Houfes were in Debate and Confideration 
of the beft Ways and Means for the fettling of a 
well-grounded Peace and Prefervation of a good 
Correfpondency, brotherly Agreement, and Union 
betwixt the two Kingdoms. And, as the moft 
effectual Way thereunto, both Houfes did pafs 
the inclofed Vote, which we fent to the Honour- 
able Committee of Eftates, with a Paper of the 
I5th of May^ defiring their Lordfhips Refolutions 
thereupon j and feconded that Paper by another 
to them of the 25th of the fame Month, to which 
we received no Anfwer, 

* We are commanded to aflure your Lordfhips, 
that the Parliament of England do make a real 
Offer to join with your Lordfhips, in the Propo- 
fitior.s agreed upon by both Kingdoms, pre- 
fented to the King at Hampton-Court^ for the 
making fuch further Proceedings thereupon as 
fiaall be thought fit, for th,e fpeedy Settlement of 
the Peace of both Kingdoms, and Prefervation of 
the Union according to the Covenant and Trea- 


cf ENGLAND. 233 

ties: And we are further commanded to afTure An. 4. Car, I. 
your Lordfhips, that when the Parliament of . ' **' . j 
England faa\\ receive the Anfvver of the Parliament ju^. 
of Scotland^ concerning their Conjunction in the 
faid Proportions, the Parliament of England -will 
be then ready to give your LordfJhips Satisfaction 
in thofe Things which fh:ill be judged neceflary 
for the Peace of both Kingdoms, and which fhali 
not intrench upon the particular Intereft of the 
Kingdom, or Privileges of the Parliament of 

By Command of the CommiJJioners of the Par- 
liament ^England, 


A COPY of the PAPER concerning the Forces marcbln? 
into the North. 

Edinburgh , *june j, 1648. 
E have in Command from the Parliament 
of England to give Notice to your Lord- 
fhips, That the Lord Fairfax hath Command 
from the Houfes to march with Forces into the 
Northern Counties of the Kingdom of England, 
for the fupprefling of thofe who are now in Arms 
agai-nft that Kingdom ; and for the removing of 
them, according to the Treaties, who have pof- 
fefled Berwick and Carlijle contrary thereunto : 
* We are further commanded tQ allure your 
Lordfhips, (and, as we have Power and Autho- 
rity from both Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 
land, we do hereby engage the Faith of the 
Kingdom of England] that the employing or 
fending of thefe, or any other Forces, to the more 
remote Northern Parts of the Kingdom of Eng- 
land, is not with the leaft Intention of any Of- 
fence or Prejudice to the Kingdom of Scotland* 
or in the leaft Manner to diiturb the Peace or 
Quiet of that Kingdom; but for the Suppreffioa 
of the faid Traitors and Rebels now in Arms 
againft the Houfes, and the keeping of the North-. 


234 7& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < ern Counties in Obedience to the Parliament of 
- 1 - 64 - 8 ''* ' En lan d-> and Protection of fueh as have been 
" e faithful to the Caufe which both Kingdoms have 

' been and are engaged in.' 

By Command of the Commijjioners of the Parlia- 
ment of England, 


d COPY of a PAPER delivered ly the Englifh Com- 
mijjioners on the 6th 0/"June. ib^>,prej]ing the 
Parliament of Scotland to declare again/I thofe in 
Berwick and Carlifle, and again/} their Supplies: 
out of Scotland. 

Edinburgh, June 6,, 1648. 

* T> Y our feveral Papers of the fecond., the ninth, 
4 *~* and eighteenth of May laft, we have, in 
' the Name of the Parliament of England, upon 

* Grounds of Treaties and A&s of Parliament paf- 

* fed by both Kingdoms, demanded, That your 
' Lordlhips would declare againft thofe who had, 
' contrary thereunto, feized and do hold the Town 
' of Benvick upon Tweed and City of Carlijle, and 

* againft all fuch of this Nation as fhould aid or affift 

* them ; but we are, and the Parliament of Eng- 

* land have juft Caufe to be very fenfible, that 

* notwithftanding we did, according to our Du- 

* ties, timely and frequently reprefent to your 

* Lordfoips what Mifchiefs have and were like to 
' happen, if they were not fpeedily declared againft 
' by your Lordftiips ; yet thofe in the aforefaid 

* Towns, v/ho have been and are profefled Ene- 
' mies to both Kingdoms, and for fome Years paft 
' haveftill been fighting againft the Caufe of God, 
' Religion, and the Covenant, which your Lord- 
' fhips profefs to maintain, have gotten fo much 
' Encouragement, and fo many Advantages by your 
c Lordfhips delaying hitherto to declare againft 
' them. And now being further credibly inform- 
' ed, that many Loads of Provifions, Arms, and 

* Ammunition have lately gone from this City of 

8 Edinburgh- 

of ENGLAND. 235 

E&nburgb to the f<iid Town of Berwick ; and An. <. Car 
4 that the People of this Kingdom have free Re- t T ^_ 

* courfe to Berwick and Carlijle, and many have j one , 
' there taken up Arms with them, notwkhfl-anding 

4 it be well known that there be very many Papifts 

* amongft them; and that fome chief Men, in their 

* pretendt-d Committees, who impofe great Sums 
' of Money upon the Well-afFedled, both in thofe 

* Towns arid Country theieabouts, and fome chief 
4 Officers, both in thofe Garrifons and their other 

* Forts, are notorious Papifts ; who ought to be fo 
4 fcr from being connived at, that, by the Agree- 

* ment of both Kingdoms in their Proportions pre- 
4 fented to the King, they were to be excepted 

* from Pardon. 

' We do therefore once more earneflly prefs 
4 your Lordlhips, that you would take this Bufi- 
4 nefs into your ferious Confideration, when we 
4 (hall not doubt but that your Lordfhips Refolu- 

* tions therein, will anfwer our Defires and Ex- 
4 peciations. 

* We do further acquaint your Lordlhips, that 

* we are credibly informed, that fame Troops 

* lately raifed by your Lordfhips Authority, went 

* armed in an hoftile Way into the Kingdom of 
' England^ and did quarter there, to the great En- 

* couragement of thofe who are Enemies to the 
' Peace of both Kingdoms ; which as we hope it 
' was done without your Lordfiiip's- Knowledge, 
c fo we doubt not but that your Lordfhips will de- 
' clare againft it; and will take effectual Courfe 
4 that fuch Things :nay not happen, to make 

* Breaches and interrupt the Peace of both King- 

* dorns: We do likewife further defire, that, with 
* all convenient Speed, we may receive your Lord- 

* (hips Resolutions concerning the Offer made to 
' your Lordfhips by both Houfes of the Parliament 
c of England, reprefented to the Honourable tha 
' CommiLtee of Eftates in our Papers of the I5th 

* and 25i;h of May laft, and to your Lordfnips in 
4 our Paper of the firft of tnis prefent 'June ; that 

* io we muy give an Account thereof to the 


23 6 *Thc Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < Parliament of England^ who do daily ex.pedl it 
i l648 ' . from us.' 

June. -Sty Command of the Commijjioners of the Parlia- 

ment a/" England, 


A Debate occa- J une IS- ^ being this Day reported to the Houfe 
Jj^J^Jj of Commons, that Sir William Majham and otlur 
raem's Commit- Members, fent into Ejjex to fupprefs the Commo- 
tee in Eflex be- tions there, were taken Prifoners by the Lord Go- 
r >8 V :nF ! r ~ on ~ ring's Army; a Committee was appointed forth- 

rs by Lord Go* .. /- i r / i T n 

flag's Army. with to feize and fecure fuch Men as they mall 
think moft considerable, not exceeding twenty, 
(thereby to procure the Releafement of their own 
Members) and to fend them forthwith to the Lord 
Fairfax, to be treated in fuch Manner by him as 
the Parliament's Committee fhould be ufed by 
Lord Goring. 

Mr. Walker (a] informs us this Motion was made 
by Mr. Solicitor, [St. John] who urged as a Rea- 
fon for it, That Sir William Majham and the reft of 
the Committee were carried up and down in Gor ing's 
Army, hardly ufed, and threatened to be fet in the 
Front of the Battle. But that Mr. Gurdon y in- 
ftead of feizing upon twenty of the King's Party, 
moved, that the Lady Capel and her Children, and 
the Lady Norwich, might be fent to the General, 
with the fame Directions ; faying, Their Hufbands 
'would be careful of their Safety: And when divers 
oppofed fo barbarous a Motion, alledging, That 
the Lady Capel was great with Child, and near 
her Time, Mr. Gurdon prefled it the more eager- 
ly, as if he had taken the General for a Man -Mid- 
wife; and was feconded by Ven, Sir Henry Mild- 
may ^ I7x>mas Scot t Blacki/lon^ Hill, Purefoy y Miles 
Corbet, &c. although Mr. Rujhworth, the Gene- 
ral's Secretary, reported at the Bar of the Houfe, 
That the Parliament's Committee were well ufed 
and wanted nothing ; and that, tho' they had many 
Sb'rmifhes and Sallies, yet none of them were put 
in the Front. However, it appears by the Common! 
that afterwards the Lord Capefs eldeft 


() Htforj of IndfftKdtny, p, Id, 

cf E N G L A N D. 237 

Son and Bifhop Wren were voted to be two of thefe An. 24 Car. I. 
extraordinary Kind of Hoftages. v l6 4 8t t 

'June 17. The Parliament having lately granted Another on a 
Commiflions for new Levies of Men to fupprefs the Moti a n . ) f d r * 
Infurrections in favour of the King, a Motion was ""^ ^j* 
made, That fuch as accept thefe new Commiflions Covenant, 
fhould, before they receive them, take the Cove- 
nant. The Contemporary Writer laft cited, in- 
forms us, That, in Oppofition to this Motion, it 
was argued, Thajt the Covenant was become the 
Pretence of all Rebellions and Infurredtions ; that 
moft of them that had rebelled in Walcs^ Kent^ and 
EJfcx, had taken it ; but thofe that refufed it were 
true Friends to the Parliament, and had done 
them gallant Service : That the Covenant had fo 
many various Interpretations put upon it, that no 
Man knew what to make of it, or how, with a 
fafe Confcience, to take it : Thus, fays he, argued 
the Independents, as if the Covenant were malum 
in fe. To which was anfwered, That, by this 
laft Reafon, they might lay afide the Scriptures, 
which were frequently and varioufly mifmterpreted 
by Hereticks and Schifmaticks : If the Covenant, 
in its own Nature, was the Caufe of Infurrections, 
it was unwifely done of the Parliament to impofe 
it upon Men ; and to tie them, by Vow, to defend 
it, and one another in Defence of it, 'with their 
Lives and Fortunes : That whatfoever Number of 
armed Men ftiould gather together in Defence of 
the King's Perfon, Crown, and Dignity j or of 
Religion, Laws, Liberties, or Privileges of Parlia- 
ment, according to the faid Covenant, they have the 
Authority of Parliament, nay of Heaven, where their 
Vow is recorded, for what they do ; and cannot be 
faid to rebel, or war againft the Parliament, but a- 
gainft a Faction ; who, having deferted or never ta- 
ken the Covenant, do now, to carry on new Defigns 
for their own Advantage, mifapply the Title of Ma- 
lignant and Rebel to thofe which fight for the Cove- 
nant, becaufe they will not change their Principles 
with them for Company. That upon this Ground 
5 only 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

only were the four Aldermen, the feven Lords, Sir 
John Mayrard, l3c. impeached and imprifoned, only 
for fuch Actions as the Covenant, which they took 
by Authority of Parliament, bound them in Con- 
fcience unto ; and for which they had a fpecial Or- 
dinance of Parliament made this very Seilion ; and 
rot to raife a new War, as was fcandaloufly and 
violently enforced upon them ; for, had it come 
to a new War, it muft have been laid at 
their Doors that fubvert the Principles of the Cove- 
nant. Many have taken the Covenant in Obe- 
dience to you, and are bound up by it, and accufe 
them of Treafon that endeavour to keep it, is very 
unjuft. You have lately promifed the Scots, that 
you will adhere to the Covenant : How can they 
believe this, unlefs you enjoin all to take it ? And 
fo long as you put all the Arms, Garrifons, and , 
Ships of the Kingdom, and all Places of Power, 
.Profit and Preferment, into the Hands of Schifma- 
licks and Antimonarchifts, whofe Principles and 
A&ings run counter to the Covenant ; and fuch as 
talk much of your Service, but have done only 
their own ; in order to which they refufed to obey 
you and difband ; they raviftied the King from you 
at Holdcnby\ kept you in Wardfhip ever fince $ and 
difiionoured and brought you low with treasonable, 
fcandalous, threatenings Engagements, Declara- 
tions, Remonstrances, and other Papers ? Our Au- 
thor concludes with faying, Thofe that would have 
the Covenant current, could not get the Queftion 
put : And it appears by the 'Journals^ that the pre- 
vious Queftion upon this Motion was carried in the 
Negative by 84 Voices againft 54. The Tellers 
in favour of the Motion, Sir Samuel Luke, and Sir 
John Northcote : Againft it, Colonel Pcpbam and 
Colonel Norton. 

The fame Hiftorian proceeds to give us the fol- 
lowing Account of a Debate relating to a Defign of 
taking off the King by Poifon ; which neither the 
Journals^ U>!nthcke t or Rit/hwottb t take the leafir 


^/ENGLAND. 239 

Notice of in the Proceedings of this Day ; although An. 14 Car. 1* 
they all of them make Mention of many fubfequent t 1648. ^ 
Particulars concerning this extraordinary Plot, loae* 
which fo much engaged the Attention of both 

* About one of the Clock in the Afternoon, And open an la- 

moft of the Members being gone to Dinner, an d{"p ationof 

f r> n i /- in i r i TT / Defign to murder 
very lew rreibytenans left, the or the tiauie t }j e Kin. 

of Commons ftood up and told them, That he had 
received Letters from Richard Oflorne, (he that 
projected to deliver the King out of the Cuftody of 
Colonel Hammond at Cari/brooke-Coftle] but that he 
conceived they tended only to the fetting of us alto- 
gether by the Ears ; and propounded, Whether 
they fhould be read or no ? Some were againft the 
reading of them, but the major Part called to have 
them read; which was done accordingly. The 
Letter to the Speaker had a Copy of another Letter 
inclofed in it, to the Lord Wbarton, which bore Date 
June i, 1648, to this Purpofe, giving his Lordftiip 
to underftand, That upon private Conference with 
Capt. Rolph, [a Man very intimate vjitb Col. Ham- 
mond, and high in the EJieern of the Army} the faid 
Capt. Rolph told him, (the faid O/borne) That to Us 
Knowledge Hammond had received fevcral Letters 
from the Army, advifing him to remove the King out of 
the Way by Poifon, or any other Means , for it would 
much conduce to their Affairs. But (faid Rolph) 
Hammond hath a good Allowance for keeping the King, 
and is therefore, unwilling to lofe fo beneficial an Em- 
ployment : But if you will join with me, we will en- 
deavour to convey away the King to fame fecret Place, 
and we may then do what we will with him. OJborne 
offers in his faid Letter, That if he may come and go 
with Safety., he would come and juftify this Relation 
upon Oath. He likewife wrote to the Speaker of 
the Lords Houfe about it. 

* Then was read OJborne' > s Letter to Mr. Lenth- 
ally Speaker, dated the loth of June 1648, con- 
taining the fame Narration ; with an Offer to ap- 
pear and make it good upon Oath, if he might 


24 ffi e Parliamentary H i s T o ft y 

u4Car. I. corn.e and go with Safety and Freedom. The 
_' *f' -* Clerk h a d no fooner done reading this Letter, but, 
ju*.e. vfhh a flight Neglect, and the Laughter of fome 
Members, the Bufinefs was pafTed over without 
Debate, and Mr. Scawen flood up to propound a 
new Bufinefs from the Army; when, prcfently, 
Mr. Walker, interrupting Mr. Seamen, defired to 
fpeak a Word to the late Bufinefs ; and afked Mr. 
Speaker, From whence that Letter came, and who 
brought it ? The Speaker called upon the Serjeant 
at Mace, ' who anfwered, The Letter was given 
him at the Door by a Man that he knew not ; 
that he had many Letters and Papers thruft upon 
him, cf which he could give no Account; but he 
would endeavour to find out theMefTenger : Then 
Mr. Walker urged, That fuch an Information 
coming to the Houfe ought not to be neglected, 
whether true or falfe, but to be examined and fifted 
to the Bottom. If the King fhould die a na- 
tural Death, or any Mi.fchance befall him, the 
People (calling to Mind how little Care we had 
taken of his Safety) would never be fatisfied with 
cur Proteftation ; and moved, That a Committee 
might be named to examine OJborne, Ralph, ffam~ 
mond, and fuch others whole Names fhall oc- 
cur in the Examination. This was feconded by Sir 
Symonds D'Ewes, Mr. Henry Hungerford, Mr. Ed- 
ward Stevens, and fome others, who prefled it fur- 
ther ; but received a flight Anfwer, that thofe 
that defired to examine the Bufinefs knew not 
where to find Oshrne ; that Osborne was a. Malig- 
nant, and had attempted to fet the King at Liber- 
ty. To which Mr. Walker replied, That the other 
Day we had named a Committee to examine the 
Bufinefs concerning the Foot-Boy that ftruck 
Sir Henry Mildmay ; and yet we neither knew then 
where to find the Foot-Boy, or what his Name 
was (). If we do but pubiifh thr.t Osborne fiiall r 
with Freedom and Safety, come and go, in cafe he 


{a) A Servant of the Duke of Richmond' s who very handfomeljr 
can'd Sir Henry M:!<fmay in the open Street, of which Affront he 
cc.T.rL';.:ed to the Houf ; -. 

Mcrcvriui Pragviaticui, N-j. 13. 

^/ENGLAND. 241 

appear to make good his Charge j either he will An. 24 Car. I. 
appear, or we fhall declare him an Importer, and i ' y 

punifti him when we take him, and clear the Re- June. 
putations of thofe upon whom this Letter feerris to 
reflect. Confider how vaft a Difference there is 
between beating a Subject and killing a King. 
And if Osborne, whom I know not, be a Malignant; 
yet unlefs you can prov,e him a Nuliifidian, or a 
Perfon convict of Perjury, both according to the 
Rules of Chriftian Charity, and in the charitable 
Intendment of our Law, his Oath is valid and good. 
Then Mr. Thomas Scot flood up and faid, That this 
prefling for a Committee to examine this Bufmefs, 
was but a Device to draw Colonel Hammond and 
Ralph up to the Town to be examined, that the 
King might the eafier make an Efcape. And Sir 
John Evelyn, of Wilts, alledged, That he conceived 
this to be an Invention of Osborne's to bring the 
King to Town with Honour, Freedom, and Safe- 
ty. Then Mr. IFalker flood up again, but was in- 
terrupted by Mr. Hill, and not fuffered to fp eak, 
having already fpoken twice. 

At the End of almoft every Motion made for 
& Committee to examine the Bufmefs, either Mr. 
Scawen or Major-General Skippon flood up, and 
offered to divert the Bufmefs by new Matter con- 
cerning the Armyj which ufually beareth all oth^r 
Bufmeffcs down before it. At laft thofe few that 
moved for an Examination of this Information, 
having fpoken as oft as the Orders of the Houfe do 
permit, were forced to be filent j fo the Bufmcfs 
Was buried in Silence. 

4 I hear that fome of the Lords called upon this 
Bufmefs the Monday following, being the igth of 
June ; and that the Lord Wharton being afked, 
Why he did not impart Osborne's faid Letter to 
the Houfe ? Anfvvered, That as foon as he opened 
the faid Letter he received from Osbarne, and faw 
his Name at the Bottom, he looked upon the Buli- 
hefs as not confiderable ; yet he fent the Letter to 

VOL. XVIL Q. Upon 

242 The Parliamentary H i s T o R V 

An. 24 Car. 1. < Upon Tuefday the aoth of June, the Lords 
. l648 ' , fcnt a Meflage to the Commons; the firft Paper 
~~June< v hereof concerned Osbornis faid Letters ; they de- 
fi>eJ, That forty t)ays might be affigned for Of- 
borne to come and go with Safety, to make good 
his Information. But Sir William Armyne flood 
up, and deilredj That the Minutes of two Letters^ 
prepared to be fent into Holland and Zealand, con- 
cerning the revolted Ships, might be firft difpatch- 
cd, as being of prefent Ufe. Arid when the Bufi- 
nefs was ended, Mr. Pterpotnt propounded another 
Part of the faid Meflage: So Osbornis Informa- 
tion was left firft Die, for that Time : But, fmce, 
the Lore's have quickened it, and forty Days are 
ffivcfi to Osborns to come and go with Freedom 
and Safety to make good his Information, who is 
come and avoucheth it; and one Dowcett fpeaketh 
much in Affirmation of a Deflgn of Ralph's to 
piftol the King. Ralph prefents himfelf at the 
Commons Bar, with a Letter from Hammond^ 
which denies the Defign, and pleads Ralph's Caufe 
for him. Ralph denied it before the Commons 
with a trembling Voice, yet afterwards hid out of 
the Way ; but being discovered, upon Search, he 
was found to have a Boil upon him that difabled 
him from riding, otherwife, it is thought, he would 
have fled far enough.' 

The Account of A R ev ' ew of what is fet down upon this remark - 
th.t Defign, as able Affair by the other Contemporaries will be 
given by the no improper Digreflion ; but tend greatly to illuf- 
trate our Extradts frcm the Journals relating there- 
to, which follow under their proper Dates. And 
firft Lord Clarendon^ who gives a very particular 
Narrative of this whole Tranfadlion, with the Cir- 
cumftances that occafioned the King to endeavour 
his Efcape, and what pafled between Major Rolph 
aivl Mr. Osborne previous thereto (a). 

Before the Treaty, and after the Votes and 
Declarations of no more Addrcfles, when the King's 
Treatment was fo barbarous, his Majefty had pro- 
pofed to himfelf to make ;.n Efcape, and was very 


(a\ ttif-rj, Vol. V. j.*3i,rt^f. 

gf ENGLAND. 243 

hear the perfecting ir. He had none about him An - H^ar. r. 
but fuch Perfons who were placed by thofe who t n ,^ 4 'j 
wimed wprft to his Safety; and therefore chofe j unc . 
fuch Iriitrumerits as they thought to be of their own 
Principles. Amorigft thofe there was a young 
Man, one Osborne, by Extraction a Gentleman, 
who was recommended by the Lord JVharton (one 
Who deferved not to be fufpe&ed by Cromwell him- 
ifelf ) to Col. Hammind, to be placed in fome near 
Attendance about the King; and he, from the 
Recommendation, never doubting the Fitnefs of 
Vhe Man, immediately appointed him 'to wait as 
Gentleman-Ume'r; which gave him Opportunity 
to be aim oft always in the Prefence of the King* 
This young Man, after forne Months Attendance, 
\vas wrought upon by the Dignity of the King's 
Carriage, and the great Affability he ufed tov/ards 
thofe who were .always about him, to have a Ten- 
jderrieTs arid loyal Senfe of his Sufferings ; and did 
Veally 'defire to do him any Service that might be 
acceptable. By his Office of Gentleniah-Ufher he 
ufually held the King's Gloves when he was at 
Meat, arid firft took that Opportunity to put a lit- 
tle Billet, in which he expreifed his Devotion, into 
one of the Fingers of his Glove. The King was 
not forward to be credulous of the ProfefHons of a 
Perlbri he knew fo little, and who, he knew, would 
hot be tuft'ered to be about him, if he were thought 
to have thofe Inclinations: However, after longer 
Obfervation, and fometimes fpeaking to him whilft 
he was walking amon|ft others, in the Garden al- 
lowed for that Purpofe, his Majefty begun to be- 
lieve that there was Sincerity in him ; and fo fre- 
quently put fom? Memorial into the Finders of his 
Glove, and, by the fame Expedient, received Au- 
vertifemqnt from him. 

4 There was in the Garrifon one Ralph, a Cap- 
tain of a Foot Company, whom Cromivdl placed 
there as a prime Confident, a Felrbw of a losv Ex- 
traction, and very ordinary Parts ; who, from a 
common Soldier, had been trufted in all the In- 
trigues of the Army, and was one of the Agitators, 
Q_ 2 infpired 

244 -^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 14. Car. 1. infpired by Cromwell to put any thing into the 
* * ' . Soldiers Minds, upon whom he had a wonderful 
j une> Influence, and could not contain himfelf from fpeak- 
. ing malicioufly and wickedly againft the King, 
when Diflimulation was at the higheft amongft the 
great Officers. This Man grew into great Fami- 
liarity with Osborne, and knowing from what Per- 
fon he came recommended to that Truft, could not 
doubt but that he was well inclined to any thing 
that might advance him; and fo, according to his 
Cuftom of reviling the King, he wifhed he were 
out of the World ; for they mould never make 
any Settlement whilft he was alive. He faid he was 
fure the Army wifhed him dead, and that Ham- 
mond had received many Letters from the Army to 
take him away by Poifon, or any other Way j but 
he faw it would never be done in that Place ; and 
therefore, if he would join with him, they would 
get him from thence, and then the Work would 
cafily be done. Osborne afked him, How it could 
be poflible to remove him from thence, without 
Hammond?;^ or the King's own Confent ? Ralph 
anfwered, That the King might be decoyed from 
thence, as he was from Hampton-Court , by fome 
Letters from his Friends, of fome Danger that 
threatened him, upon which he would be willing to 
make an Efcape, and then he might eafily be dif- 
patched. Osborne fhortly found an Opportunity 
to inform the King of all this. 

* The King bid him continue his Familiarity 
with Rolpb, and to promife to join with him in con- 
triving how his Majefty mould make an Efcape ' 
and he hoped thereby to make Ralph's Villainy the 
Means of getting away. He recommended one of 
the common Soldiers to Osbirne* who, ha faid, 
he thought might be trufted ; and wifhed him to 
truft one Dowcett, whom the King had known be- 
fore, and who was then placed to wait upon him 
at his back Stairs, and was indeed an honeft Man i 
for it was impoflible for him to make an Efcape, 
without the Privity of fuch Peribns who might 
provide for him, when he was got out of the Ca ;lr, 


^/ENGLAND. 245 

as well as help him from thence. Osborne told An. 24. Car. I. 
'jWpl>t he was confident he fhould in the End per~ t l6 * 8 ' J 
fuade the King to attempt an Efcape, though he yet j unc , 
feemed jealous and apprehenfive of being difcovered, 
and taken again. Dowcett concurred very willing- 
ly in it, and the Soldier who was chofen by the 
King proved likewife very honeft, and wrought 
upon one or two of his Companions, who ufed to 
{land Centinels at the Place where the King in- 
tended to get out. All Things were provided, and 
the King had a File and Saw, with which he had, 
with wonderful Trouble, fawed an Iron Bar in the 
Window, by which he could be able to get out ; 
and, being in this Readinefs, the Night was appoint- 
ed, and Osborne at the Place where he was to re- 
ceive the King. But one of the Soldiers informed 
Ralph of more Particulars than Osborne had done, 
by which hq concluded that he was falfe, and di- 
re&ed the Soldier to proceed, and ftand Centinel in 
the fame Place to which he had been affigned ; and 
he, and fom.e others trufted by hi.m, were armed, 
and ftood very near with their Piftols. At Mid- 
night the' King came to the Window, refolving to 
go out ; but as he was putting himfelf out, he dif- 
cerned more Perfonsto (tand thereabout than ufed 
to do, and thereupon fyfpe&ed that there was fome 
Difcovery made, and fo flint the Window, ^bd. re- 
tired to his Bed. And this was all the Ground of 
a Difcourfe, which then flew abroad, as if the King 
had got half out at the Window, and could neither 
draw his Body after, nor get his Head back, and fo 
was compelled to call out for Help ; which was a 
mere Fiction. 

* Rolpb acquainted Hammond with what the 
King had defigned ; who prefently went into his 
Chamber, and found the King in his Bed, but the 
Bar of the Window cut in two, and taken out ; by 
which he concluded his Information to be true ; 
and prefently feized upon Dowcett^ but could not 
apprehend Osborne ; who was either fled out of the 
Jfland, or concealed in it that he could not be 
Q. 3 found.. 

246 Tbt Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. found. Ralph could not forbear to infvjlt; upon 
Dcwcdt in Prifpn, and fcornfully afked him, Why 
k' s King came not f rt h when he was at the Win- 
dow; An4 faid, he was ready with a good Piftol 
charged to have received him. When Osborne 
had got into a Place of prefent Safety, he writ a 
Letter to his Patron the Lord Wbarton, informing 
him of trie whole Matter; and defired him to ac- 
quaint the Houfe of Peers of the Deftgn upon the 
Ring's Life, and that he would be ready to appear 
and jufiify the Cpnfpiracy. That Lord, after he 
had kept the Letter fomeTime, fent it to Hammond^ 
as the fitted Perfon to examine the Truth of the 
Relation. Osborne was not difcouraged with all 
this ; but fent two Letters to the Speakers of both 
Houfes, and inclofed the Letter he had formerly 
writ to the Lord Wharton. ' In the Houfe of Com- 
mons the Information v/as flighted and laid afide ; 
but it made more Impreflion upon the Houfe of 
Peers, who fent, with more than ordinary Earneft- 
nefs, to the Commons, That Ralph might be fent 
for, and a Safeguard for forty Days to Cs borne 9 to 
appear and prbfecute. 

' Ralph brought with bim a large TeftimoniaJ 
from Hammond of his Integrity, and of the many 
good Services he had done to the State. Osborne 
appeareiL likewife at the Lords Bar, and made 
good, upon Oath, ajl that is before fet down, and 
undertook to produce other Evidence. The Houfe 
of Commons had no Mind to have it examined 
farther; but the Clamour of the People was fo 
great, that, after many Delays, they voted, That 
it'fhould be tried at the General Affizes at Win- 
cktfler. And thither they fent their well-tried Ser- 
jeant Wyld) to be the fole Judge of that Circuit; 
before whom the major Part of the fame Jury that 
had found Capt. EurUy guilty, was impanr.cllcd for 
ihe Trial of Rolpb. Csbcrne ard fcowutt, who, 
upon Bail, had Liberty to be there, appeared to 
rrakc gcc.d the Ir.dicln.ent: and, ur,on their Oaths, 
^'clared all thnt Rtifl had faid to ihim, as is fet 


9f E N O L A N D. 247 

down before. The Prjfoner, if he may be called An. 24 Car. r. 
a Prifoner, who was under no Reftraint, had two 
Lawyers affigned to be of Counfel with him, con- j une . 
trary to the Law and Cuftom in thofe Cafes j but 
he needed not to have had any Counfel but the 
Judge himfelf, who told the Jury, That it was a 
Bufmefs of great Importance that was before them, 
and therefore that they (hould take heed what they 
did in it : That there was a Time, indeed, when 
Intentions and Words were Treafon, but God for* 
bid it (hould be fo now; How did any Body know 
but that thofe two Men, O$borne and Dowcettywould 
have made away with the King, and that Ralph 
charged his Piftol to preferve him ? or perhaps 
they would have carried him away to have engaged 
them in a fecond War ? He told them, They were 
miftaken who did believe the King in Prifon; th<? 
Parliament did only keep him fafe to fave the (hed- 
ding of more Blood. Upon thefe good Directions 
the Grand Jury found an Ignoramus upon the Bill.' 

Sir Philip Warwick writes (a), < That Dowcett, 
whom Ralph had tampered with to poifon the 
King, was Clerk of his Majefty's Kitchen ; and 
imputes the Major's Acquittal at Winchtfttr to 
the Dexterity of Serjeant Maynard his Counfel, 
who declared in the Court unto the Grand Jury- 
men, that this Accufation, amounting to Trea- 
fon, ought to have had two Witneffes to each 

Fail, but there was only one to each Fact.' 

Mr. Ludlow gives this laft Circumftance a quite 
different Turn, faying (), c That thofe who were 
to have been inftrumental in the King's Efcape, 
not knowing otherwife how to revenge themfelves 
on thofe who had defeated their Enterprise, ac- 
cufed Major Ralph (a Captain in that Garrifon, 
very active and vigilant in his Charge) of a De- 
fign to kill the King ; raifing fuch a Clamour 
about it, that the Parliament thought not fit to de- 
cline the putting him upon his Trial ; but the Ac-, 
cufation appearing to the Grand Jury to be ground-. 
Q.4 ed 

(a) Mtn.tin cf K. Charles 1. p. 331, (J) Mtmtirt, YoJ I, p. 354. 

248 ST& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. e d upon Malice, they refufed to find the Bill. 1 -* 

L l6 4 8 - ^ Thus much for the Contemporary Writers : Re-> 

Tygj turn we now to our Journals, which will beft 

enable the Reader to form a proper Judgment of 

the Accounts given by thofe Hiftorians, 

June 19. Col. Hammond was written to, by the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, to take Care of the 
King, for that their Lordfhips were informed of 
fome evil Defigns againft him. What thefe Defigns 
were, appears by the following Letters from Mr, 
Osborne, read this Day in the Houfe of Lords: And 
firft that directed to the garl of Manchejler, their 

TwcLe ttcr Right Honourable, June 1 6, 1648. 
' T ^'^> ^7 a Better of the firft of June, acquaint 
ereto" * my Lord IVhartw with what 1 fend here in- 
read in the Houfe ' clofed, expelling it would before this have been 
of Lords. ( communicated to both Houfes. What fhould 

* be the Reafon for concealing a Bufinefs of this 
' Nature, I know not, except it be to give thofe 

* Time that are concerned in it better to think of 

* fome Stratagem to evade this Difcovery. 

* I humbly defire your Lordfhip, upon Sight of 

* this Relation, to communicate it to the Houfe of 
Peers ; which I (hall be ready to atteft upon Oath 
' in every Particular, whenever their Lordfhips 

* fhall pleafe to allow me that Freedom and Secu- 

* rity which ought to be afforded to any Gentleman 
' and Chriftian in witnefling a Truth.' 

My Lord, 

Your Lord/kip's mojt humble Servant, 

The Letter to the Lord Wharton, a Copy of 
which was inclofed in the foregoing. 

My Lord, June i, 1648. 

'ITHough I cannot but imagine I (land fo highly 
* condemned in your Lordfliip's and 'many 
6 Perfons Thoughts, that any Thing of Vindica- 

' tion 


* tion from me muft covne with all Difadvantage An. 24 Car. l 
' and Prejudice that may be; yet, my Lord, being 

' confcious of my own Integrity, and confident 

* that I {hall be judged by your Lordihip by no 
' other Rules but thole of Juftice and Rcafon, I can- 
c not doubt but, when I have difcovered the 

* Grounds and Reafons of my Actions, that it will 
1 appear to your Lordfliip that what I have done 

* hath been as agreeable to the feveral Duties I 
ftand engaged in, as I am fuppofed to have a&ed 

* contrary before I am heard. 

' Not to detain your Lordfliip in Circumftances, 

* I fhall make this Proteftation, That as no other 

* Thing but the Danger of the King's Life could 

* in Reafon, excufe fuch an Attempt, fo I do pro- 
' teft, that no inferior Confideration did, or could 

* have moved me to fuch an Action : But, my 

* Lord, having had fuch a particular and well- 

* grounded Information, that fo horrid a Defign 

* was intended, and moved from thofe that could, 
e when they pleafed, have had the Power to put it 
' in Execution, I hope I (hall not be cenfured for 

* having poftponed all other Confiderations to that 

* Loyalty which, it cannot be queftioned, I owe 

* to the King. 

' But not to leave your Lordfliip unfatisfied with 

* this general Account : The Intelligence I fpc-ak 

* of, concerning this Defign, I received from Capt. 
' Ralph, a Perfon very intimate with the Gover- 

* nor, privy to all Councils, and one that is very 
' high in the Efteem of the Army ; he, my Lord, 
' informed me, that, to his Knowledge, the Go- 
' vernor had received feveral Letters from the Ar- 

* my, intimating they defired the King might, by 
' any Means, be removed out of the Way, either 

* by Poifon or other wife : And, at another Time, 
' the fame Perfon perfuaded me to join with him 
4 in a Defign to remove the King out of theCaftle 

* to a Place of more Secrefy ; profcring to take 
' an Oath with me, and to do it without the Go- 

* vernor's Privity; who, he faid, would not confent, 
' bccaufe of lofing the Allowance of the Houfe. 

4 < His 

75k Parliamentary H i s T OR r 

< His Pretence for this Attempt was, That the 
' King was m to public a Place, from whence he 

* m 'g nt be refcued ; but if he were conveyed into 
' fome Place of Secrecy, he (aid, we might dif- 

* pofe of his Perfon upon all Occafions as we 
' thought fit j and this he was confident we could 
' effect without the Governor's Privity. 

' My Lord,confidering all thefe pregnant Cir- 

* cumftances, I think it will appear that there were, 

* if there are not, fuch Intentions concerning his. 
' Majefty's Perfon, as may well juftify any Endea- 

* vours that have been made for his Remove from 

* fo much Danger. And for my own Part, my 
' Lord, I muft be fo plain as to declare, concerning 

* my own Acting in relation to this Bufinefs, that 

* had I done lefs, having fuch Grounds, I muft 
' believe I had then verified all thofe Afperfions of 
Difloyalty and Breach of Truft, which I am ccn- 
' tented to fuffer from thofe whofe Intereft is, per- 
' chance, oppofed by my Endeavours to prevent 

* fuch damnable Defigns. 

' My Lord, I have fpoken nothing here but what 

* I (hall be ready to juftify upon Oath whenever I 

* (hall be called to it, with Promife of Freedom 

* and Security; till then I muft be contented to 

* fupport all Cenfures, and fatisfy myfelf with the 

* Vindication I receive from my own Confcience. 

* I am, My Lord y 

Your" LorcJff>ip > 3 mojl bumble Servant, 


But we leave, for a while, this Defign againfl; 
the Kind's Life, it being necefTary now to look into 
other Matters. 

The Payment The Fleet ftill continuing in their Revolt 
declare all Per- a g a i n ft the Parliament, both Houfes thought ne- 
tr p ? e renUn- in ceffary to pafs a Vote, That another Fleet ftould 
lurredicns to be be fitted out, of as large a Number of Ships as was 
Traitors. neceflary to reduce the others to Obedience. And, 

to prevent any Infurreclions at home, the Parlia- 

of E N G L A ND. 251 

jnent fet forth a Declaration., in which were recited An> * 4 Car. I. 
the three Votes, pafled May 20, 1642 (a], declar- t l648 ' A 
jng all thofe Traitors, by the Fundamental Laws j unc> 
qf the Kjpgdom, that aided and aflifted the King 
againft the Parliament ; and applying them to thofe 
who rofe in Arms at this Time. 

June 20. Another Letter and Paper from the 
Earl of Nottingham* in Scotland, was read, addrefled 
ito the Earl of Manchester as ufual. 

Edinburgh, 7^8,1648. 
May it pleafe your Lord/hip? 

1 Have formerly given you an Account of feye- More Papers 
1 ral Papers we have fent' to the Parliament of Jjjg^ ? 
Scotland and Committee of Eftates, in purfuance Swtlani}. 
of the Votes of the 6th and 30th of May, and 
fuch further Instructions as. we have received 
thereupon; I fliall not now trouble your Lord- 
(hips with repeating any of them, only acquaint 
your Lordftiips, that unto them, and unto a Paper 
I likewife formerly fent your Lordlhips, concern- 
ing the March of your Forces into the Northern 
Counties, we have received the inclofed Anfwer; 
whereupon what Commands your Lordfhips fliall 
be pleafed to give us, fliall be faithfully . ob- 
ferved by, My Lord y 

Tour 'Lord/hip's mojf bumble Servaut, 


^<? ANSWERS of the Parliament of Scotland to the 
PAPERS before-mentioned, presented to themfroto 
the Englifh CommiJJioners. 

Edinburgh, June 7, 1648. 

'Tp H E Eftates of Parliament have received 
* your Lordftiips Papers of the firft of this 
Inftant June, with the Votes of the Honourable 
Houfes of the 6th of May laft ; to which they 
an return no Anfwer, until juft Satisfaction be 
given to their neceflary Defires of the 26th of 'April. 

() Vol. XI, p, I. 

252 ^be Parliamentary HISTORY 

i. 24 Car. I. By your other Paper of the fame Date, your 
Lordfliips gave Notice of the Lord Fairfax's 
June. March into the Northern Counties, by Com- 

mand from the Honourable Houfes of the Parjia- 
ment of England; with this Aflurance, That it 
is not with the leaft Intention of any Offence or 
Prejudice to the Kingdom of Scotland : And as 
you therein exprefs the Refpecl of the two Houfes 
to this Kingdom, fo the Parliament do aflure 
your Lordfhips, That their Refolutions ofraifing 
new Forces within this Kingdom for their own. 
Securities, and for obtaining their pious and loyal 
Defires, are without the leaft Intention to inter- 
rupt the Union betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland 
and England, or to violate, in the leaft Manner, 
any of the Articles of the Solemn League and 
Covenant, by which they are fo ftri&ly united un- 
der his Majefty's Government.' 
Extracted forth of the Records of Parliament by me 
Sir Alexander Gibfon 0/"Drury, Knigbt y Clerk 
of bis Majefty's Regijlers^ Council^ and R.olh t 
under my Signet and Subfcription manual, 


Jnne $2. The Lord-Admiral acquainted the 
Houfe with a Letter fent to him from the Commif- 
fioners of the Navy, concerning the Want of Sup- 
plies, and an Eftimate of the Charge thereof , which 
was ordered to be fent to the Houfe of Commons to 
be fpeedily confidered of, becaufe it fo much con- 
cerned the Safety of the Kingdom. His Lordfhip 
added, That in Obedience to an Order of the Houfe 
of Commons, dated the xyth Inftant, he wrote a 
Letter to the Trinity- Houfe to employ their beft 
Endeavours for manning the Ships of the Fleet with 
cordial and well-afFecled Men, a Copy of which 
Letter is hereunto annexed ; and that, in Anfwer 
to the faid Letter, he did Yefterday receive a Let- 
ter from them, with a Paper that came inclofed ^ 
all which he conceived it his Duty to prefent to the 
Confideration of the Houfes. 



An. 24 Car, I. 

To my Loving Friends the Mafler^ War dens ^ and l6 4 8 
Affi/iants of the TRiNiTY-HousE. 

Wejlminfler^ June 19, 16481 

AFter my hearty Commendations : You can- 
*^ not but take Notice of the Defc&ion of fome w j c k to the Tri- 
Ships of the Fleet, and of the great Prejudice that nity-Houfc, con- 
may be occafioned thereby to the Trade o f cerwn * thel 
the Kingdom, betides the Interruption it may 
give to the Public Settlement which the Parlia- 
ment are effectually endeavouring. In order, 
therefore, to the Safety of the Kingdom, the En- 
couragement and Prefervation of Trade, and the 
Reduction of fuch of thefaid Ships as have revolt- 
ed from their Duty, it is now in Agitation, by 
the Parliament's Direction, that a convenient 
Fleet be provided and fet to Sea ; and becaufe no- 
thing is of more Importance than the getting of 
the {aid Fleet manned with cordial and well- 
affe&ed Mariners, I do therefore recommend it 
to you, as that which is of great Concernment 
to the Public Service, fpeedily to employ your 
beft Endeavours for the getting of fuch Mariners 
to ferve in the faid Fleet, of whofe Courage and 
and faithful Affection to the Parliament you fhall 
have very good Afiurance; and of your Proceed- 
ings to make as fpeedy a Return to me as may be. 

' By your diligent and effedl j Jal Compliance here- 
with, you will not only give a further Teftimony 
of your Care of the public Intereft of the King-* 
dom, and of your Refpect to the Parliament, (-the 
Houfe of Commons having, by their Order of 
the 1710 Inftant, a Copy whereof I fend you 
inclolcd, refolved that your beft Endeavours 
in this Behalf be defired) but will alfo more 

four loving Brother and Friend^ 


The Parliamentary H [ s T d R Y 


'1648. ' To the Right Hon. the Earl of WARWICK, Lord 
* ^r ' High- Admiral of England. 


Trlmty-Houfe, Ratdi/e, June 2 1 , 1648. 

Right Honourable, 

I N purfuahce of ah Order of the Houfe o'f 
*. Commons, dated the iyth prefent, and alfo oT 
a Letter from your Lordfhip of the igth ditto', 
we have communicated both trie faid Order and 
Letter to moft of the Commanders and other 
Seamen of feveral Ships how at this Pott of Lon- 
don, whom we this Day called before us j unto 
whom, after we had related the Comrnon Dan- 
ger of this Kingom, occafioned by the revolting 
of feveral Ships from the Parliament, as alfo de- 
clared what was therein refolved, that it was both 
fit and expedient that a Fleet fhould be fet forth 
for the Prefervation of the Kingdom, and the 
Reducement of the faid revolted Ships, defiring 
their Concurrence therein, as giving their beft 
Afliftance thereunto, they prefented to us their 
Arifwer in Writing, which they defire may be 
prefented to your Lordfhip, the Confederation of 
which we humbly refer to your Honour's more 
weighty Judgment, arid remain, 

Tour Honour's 

Majl humlly at Command, 








tf ENGLAND, 255 

^ DECLARATION of fever al Commanders of Ships in An- *4 c *f- 
and about London, referred la in the foregoing. v ___ 

TV7HEREAS an Order from the Honourable 
^ * Houfes of Parliament,, directed to my A Ds 

Lord-Admiral, dated the iyth of June, 1648 ; fe f v " al Clpta ^ 

ir T f i T 1*1-1 i of Ships in and 

as alfo a Letter from the Lord-Admiral to the a i, yut London, 
Trinity- Houfi, for their beft Aid and Afiiftance for a Personal 
for the reducing of the revoked Ships to their 
former Obedience, dated the igth of June, 1648, 
has been communicated to us, it is humbly of- 
fered by us whofe Names are hereunder, being 
Mariners and Seamfen, that there may be forth- 
with a Petition drawn in the Behalf of the Sea- 
men and Mariners, and prefented to the Honour- 
able Houfes of Parliament, wherein our humble 
Defires may be reprefented for a Perforial Treaty 
with his Majefty, as the only Remedy for the 
prefent Diftempers of this diilreffcd Kingdom, 
and reducing the Shipping revolted from their 
Truft ; and that it is humbly conceived by us^ 
that we are obliged and bound, according to the 
Proteftation and Solemn League and Covenant, 
formerly taken by every of us, to maintain and 
defend, with our Lives, Power, and EiKtes, the 
true Reformed Proteftant Religion, his Majcfty-'s 
Royal Perfon, Honour, and Eftate, and alfo the 
Power and Privileges of the Parliament ; and we 
do further declare^ That if it (hall appear that 
any of thefe revolted Ships fhall endeavour to 
impede or hinder the King's Perfonal Treaty 
with the two Houfes of Parliament, that we will 
unanimoufly endeavour with our Lives and For- 
tunes, according to our Covenant and Protcfla- 
tion, formerly taken as aforefaid, to bring them 
to condign Punifhment. Witnefs our Hands the 
2ift of Jung 1648.' 








%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

'June 23. The following Letter from Col. Hani- 
* vm g ^ n Account of an Intention to aid the 
King in an Efcape from his Cuftody, was read in 
the Houfe of Lords : 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER* 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

againft the fore- 
going Letters 
from Mr. Of- 

CariJlrooke-C'a/lk, June 21, 1 648. 
My Lord, 

TT AVING lately received Knowledge of the 
** unparalleled wicked Practices of Mr. Of- 
borne^ from the R.ight Ho'nourable the Lord/i^Zwr- 
ton^ by a Letter which his Lordfhip fent me, di- 
recled to him, from the faid Mr. Osborne^ who 
hath been the chief Inftrument in contriving and 
aling, as far as in him lay, the late Defign of 
the King's intended Efcape j wherein it appears 
that, failing in that his treacherous Purpofe, and 
meeting with new Counfellors, he proceeds in a 
more abominable Way, by fhameful and unheard- 
of Lies, as much as in him lieth, to abufe and 
inflame the difturbed Minds of the People in thefc 
diftracled Times ; and moft unworthily to fcan- 
dalize me, and the reft of the Gentlemen now 
attending the King, in thofe Things wherein his 
own Heart is a Witnefs that they are of all others 
moft contrary to Truth : And being fince further 
informed, that, in profecution of this his auda- 
cious Villainy, he hath written public Letters to 
both Houfes of Parliament, aflerting fuch horrid 
Faliities that are hardly fit to be named, but by 
fuch a Wretch, whofe Principles being Falfenefs 
and Treachery, knows no Limits in Wicked- 
nefs : 

* My Lords, my Senfe of the 111 that, in fuch 
Times as thefe, may accrue to the Kingdom by 
fuch Abufes, caufcs me to fend up this Bearer* 
Major Rclpb, (though through Weaknefs he be 
very unable to travel) whom he avouches for hia 
Author ; and if your Lordfhips pleafe he may be 
examined, who will fufficiently inform your Lord- 

* Clips 

*f ENGLAND. 257 

* {hips of the great Untruths raifed by that unwor- An - 2 4 - ar - 
c thy Perfon; whom, if you let pafs, (as not wor- ' 4 ._'._ B 

* thy taking Notice of to bring to Shame, like june~" 

* thofe who fpread abroad the late falfe Report of 

* my inhuman Abating the Perfon of the King,) 

* it were indifferent to me, were not the Public 
" more than myfeif concerned in it ; but the Wif- 

* dom of your Lordfliips doth, and I doubt not 
e will, more thereby difcern the Defign driven at in 
' fuch Reports ; and will take Care for a right Un- 

* derftanding of thofe who have been, and yet may 

* be, deceived by fuch Abufes. For my own Par- 

* ticular, had I not been thus occafioned by my 
' Duty to your Lordfliips and the Kingdom, I 

* fhould have left the clearing of my Integrity (as 
4 formerly, fo ft ill) to the righteous Godj who, if 

* with Patience Men can wait and truft in him, will 

* certainly confound and deftroy that Structure, 

* whofe Foundation is laid in Lyes, with Shame 

* and Sorrow to its wicked Builder. 

' My Lords, I have not only, to fupport and bear 

* me up againft thefe Calumnies, the Teftimony of 
' a good Confcience ; but, to clear me amongft 

* Men, it pleafed God to order it, that, upon feve- 

ral Occafions given, and that before many Wit- " 

* nefles, the King is fo juft as to vindicate me from 

* all thofe Afperfions ; and fo I doubt not will all 

* others that have any Senfe of Honour or Truth, 

* or fuch who have been Witnefles to my Actions 
' and Deportment fmce his Majefty's unexpected 

* Coming to this Place. 

' My Lords, I conclude with this Profeflion to 
c your Lordfhips, as in the Prefence of God, the 

* Searcher of all Hearts, That as all the Goods of 

* this World could not have hired me to this Em- 
4 ployment, could I have avoided it, or would your 

* Lordfhips have feeh it fit otherwife better to have 
' provided for it j fo, feeing Providence hath caft 

* me upon it, or rather it upon me, I have, (and 

* by the Afiiftance of God will fo continue) to the 

* utmoft of my Power and Knowledge, demeaned 

* myfeif with all dutiful Refpedt to his Majefty's 

VOL, XVII, R Perfon, 

1258 f Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < Perfon, with an equal Eye to the Duty I owe 
' e your Lordfhips and the Kingdom, in the great 
' Truft your Lordfhips have been pleafed to place 
' upon me ; and this with that Integrity and 
' Evennefs, that I ftand ready to give an Account 

* to God and all Men of my Actions herein. This 
' Satisfaction I need not give to your Lordfhips, 

* for I find, upon all Occasions, the conftant Tef- 
' timony of your Favour to me ; yet being a little 

* fenfible of the Wickednefs of this moft ungrate- 
' ful and unworthy Perfon, makes me thus to 

* trouble your Lordfhips, though I need not : 

* Reafon itfelf will plead fufficiently againft him,. 
' who having attempted and failed in fuch a De- 
' fign, being fo principled as fuch a Man mu-ft be, 
4 that, for his own Intereft, he fhould proceed 

* thus to colour his Villainy, as by his late Ad- 

* drefles to both Houfes. 

* My Lords, I fhall not further trouble your 
4 Lordfhips, but with a moft earneft Expectation, 
' looking for a Deliverance from my intolerable: 
' Burthen, which God and a good Confcience only 

* fupport a weak Man to undergo ; either by a Re- 
' moval of his Majefty's Perfon from hence, when 

* to your Lordfhips Wifdom it fhall feem fafe and 

* fit, or by a better providing for it by a Perfon, or 
1 Perfons, more able to undergo it ; either of which 

* that may beft fuit your Lordfhips Affairs is moft 

* heartily defired, and that with Speed, if God fee 

* it good; till when, in the Strength of that God 

* who hath carried me on hitherto, and as he fhall 
4 enable me, being fufficiently guarded againft the 

* worft that Malice can throw on me, in all con- 

* ftant Integrity, I fhall endeavour to exprefs my- 

* felf, 

Your Lord/hips mojl bumble 

and faithful Servant y 

P. S. ' Mr. OJbornis Letter to my Lord Wharton r 

* which his Lordfliip fentme, I have inclofed in a 

* Let-ter 


Letter to the Committee at Derby-Haufe. Since An 
I ended this Letter I have examined the three 
Soldiers that were dealt with to have been affift- 
ant in the King's Efcape j but they all affirm, 
and are ready to make good . upon Oath, that 
neither Oforne, Dowcet^ or any other, told them 
that the Ring's Life was in Danger ; fo that it 
feems clear that this is a Device of his own to 
inflame the People.' 

The fame Day the Houfe of Commons being Major Rolph 
informed that Major Rolph was at the Door, he f a , min ^ d before 

.... ILOI ' /i_ .the Commons, 

was called in ; and the Speaker, (having acquainted touching the De- 
nim, ' That what he was to fpeak, was to be fpoken fign againft the 
in an High Court of Juftice j and therefore requiring KlB ' s Llfe> - 
and exhorting him to fpeak the Truth, as he would 
anfwer the fame at the dreadful Day of Judgment) 
by Command of the Houfe, examined him ftriftly 
what he knew concerning the Defign of taking 
away the King's Life, wherewith he was charged 
by the Letter of Richard OJborne ? He anfwered, 
That he never knew of any fuch Delign, either by 
Difcourfe or Letter ; or ever received any Intima- 
tion from the Governor of the Ifle of wight* or. 
from any other Perfon, by Writing or otherwife, 
touching the fame : Hereupon the Houfe fent a 
Meflage to the Lords, acquainting them, That 
Major Rolph being come to Town, they defired 
their Lord{hips to nominate a Committee of their 
Houfe to examine him forthwith, upon Oath, in 
the Prefence of a Committee of the Commons ; 
and alfo to take the Examinations of all other Per- 
ibns that will come in to teftify their Knowledge 
touching the Allegations of Richard OJborne^ in his 
Letters to the Speaker and to the Lord Wharton* 
.It was alfo ordered, That the faid OJborne have forty 
Days to come, and depart, with Safety to his Per- 
fon, to make good his Allegations mentioned in 
thefe Letters ; that the fame be forthwith printed 
and publiihed ; and alfo pofted up at Wejlminjler^ 
Paul's, and both the Exchanges. 

R2 The 

An. 24 Car. 

Another Paper 
from the Parlia- 
ment's Comtnif- 
fioners in Scot* 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

The fame Day alfo, June 23, the Lords received 
from the Earl of Nottingham, at Edinburgh, a Copy 

The REPLY of the COMMISSIONERS ef the Parlia- 
ment cf England to the ANSWER of the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, of the "jth of June. 

Edinburgh^ June 9, 1648. 

WE, the Commiffioners of the Parliament of 
England^ have this Day received your 
Lordfhips Anfwer of the yth of June,, to our 
Papers of the firft, 

' As to that fent with the Votes of both Houfes 
of the Parliament, of the 6th of May laft, your 
Lordfhips were pleafed to tell us, That you can 
return no Anfwer until juft Sathfaftion be given tt 
your necejjary Deftres of the "ibtk of April ; where- 
unto we muft reply, That when it is confidered 
how we did, in March laft, in the Name of both 
Houfes of the Parliament of England, demand 
of your Lordfliips fome Englijh Delinquents and 
Incendiaries that were then (and for along Time 
after) in this City of Edinburgh, to be delivered 
to the Difpofal of the Parliament of England, 
according to the Treaties and Acts of Parliament 
patted both Kingdoms j and how often we prefled, 
and renewed thofe Demands, and yet your Lord- 
fliips did not think fit to deliver them, but fuf- 
fered them to return to England in Arms ; where 
they are wafting and deftroying thofe in the 
Northern Counties of that Kingdom, who have 
been faithful in the Covenant and Caufe wherein 
both Kingdoms are engaged : And when it is 
likewise confidered, that the Town of Berwick 
was taken before your Lordfliips Defires of die 
26th of April went out of this City ; and that 
we did upon the fecond of May laft, which was 
before your Lordfhips faid Defires came to the 
Parliament of England, demand that your Lord-' 
{hips would declare againft thole Delinquents 
and Papifts that had taken and held the faid 
Town contrary to the Treaties betwixt the King- 

* doms j 

of ENGLAND; 261 

* doms ; and have fince very often, by feveral Pa- An - *4 Car. 

* pers, preflfed that Demand, and the like for Car- A * 4 ,' 

* life, and yet got no fatisfa&ory Anfwer ; thefe j unt . 
4 Demands and Defires of the Parliament of Eng- 

' land to your Lordfhips, being firft in Time, and 

* uponmoftjuft and clear Grounds of Treaties 

* and A&s of Parliament in both Kingdoms ; and 

* the delaying of them being fo prejudicial to the 

* Kingdom of England; when thefe Things, we 

* fay, are well and indifferently weighed and con- 

* fidered, we doubt not but it will appear to your 
-* Lordfhips, that the Parliament of England had 
' more Caufe than your Lordfhips, to, have made 

'* fuch a Return, That they could give no Anfwer to 
' your Lordjhips faid Defires of the 2&th of April, 

* until jujl Satisfaflion had been given to their afore- 

* fold Demands and Defires made by us to your 
Lordjhips ; efpecially c'onfidering, that neither in 
the Paper of your Lordfhips faid Defires, nor 
' in the Letter fcht with them from the Lord- 

* Chancellor, nor any other Way fince, do your 
< Lordfiiips oblige yourfelves to any Thing, or 

< make any Offer to the Parliament of England^ 
- though they had granted all your Lordfhips De- 
" fires, which might be a Ground of further mu- 

* tual Confidence betwixt the Kingdoms ; but on 

* the contrary, whatfoever Anfwer they fhould 

* give, your Lordfhips have ever fince you fent 
-* your Defires, and before, been purfuing your 

* Refolutions to raife a new Army ; which, as it 

* is generally reported and believed, is to invade 
4 the Kingdom of England, to which the Expref- 
' fions in your Lordfhips Anfwer gives too great 

-* Grounds of Jealoufy, which we fhall afterwards 
mention in its proper Place ; yet the Parliament 
of England^ who are exceeding defirous to con- 

* tinue and preferve the brotherly Agreement and 
happy Union betwixt thefe Kingdoms, and toufe 

all good Means to that End, have, hotwith- 
flantling, made the firtt Offer to your Lord- 
fhips j which is, to join with your Lordfhips ii\ 
the Propofitionsj prefented to the King at Hamp- 
R 3 '-ton- 

262 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

24 Car. I. * t/m-Court, and for the making fuch further Pro-r 
ceedings thereupon as fhall be thought fit for the 
fpeedy Settlement of the Peace of both Krng- 
doms, and Prefervation of the Union, according 
to the Covenant and Treaties. And further, 
that upon their Receipt of your Lordfhips Refo 

* lutiors therein, they will be ready to give your 
' Lordfhips Satisfaction in thofe Things which {hall 
*. not intrench upon the particular Intereft of the 

* Kingdom, and Privileges of the Parliament of 

* England j wherein the Parliament of England 
' afiert the Caufe both Kingdoms have been env 

* gaged in by Covenant and by Arms, and the 

* Terms wherein they have both agreed, and only 

* defire that your Lordfhips would do the like ; 

* which is a Thing fo pious, juft, and honourable, 
c that we could do no iefs than offer it again to your 

* Lordfhips ferious Confideration ; and (hall not 

* doubt of your Lordfliips Concurrence with the 

* Parliament of England, feeing thofe Propofitions 

* wherein they offer to join with your Lordfhips 
' do contain full Security for Religion, for the 
*. King's Majefty, for the Covenant, for the Trea- 

* tits, and all other Things which, in the Judg- 
ments of both Parliaments, were nectflary for 

* the fettling of a fafe and well-grounded Peace in 

* both Kingdoms, and Prefervation of the Union; 
f th.refore we hope your Lordfhips will judge that 

* it really anfwers your Lordfhips Defires : How- 

* ever, we {hall with all poflible Speed fend your 
Lordfliips Anfwer to the Parliament of England. 

* As to the other Part of your Lordfliips Anfwer 

* to our Paper, wherein we, by the Command ef 
6 both Houfes, have engaged the Faith of theKing- 

* dom of England^ that their Forces fhall do no 

* Prejudice, nor difturb the Peace or Quiet of the 

* Kingdom of Scotland^ we might juftly have ex- 

* pefted an anfwerable Engagement from your 
e Lordfhips for the Armies and Forces of this King- 

* dom, that they fhould do no Prejudice, nor difturb 
the Peace and Quiet of the Kingdom of England '; 

*. but it appears far otherwife, to our prefent Ap- 

4 prehenfjon. 

*f ENGLAND. 2*3 

prehenfion ; for although your Lordfhips do ex- An. 24 Car 
prefs that you will not interrupt the Union be- 
twixt the Kingdoms, nor violate any of the Ar- 
tides of the Solemn League and Covenant, 
wherein we moft willingly and heartily join with 
your Lordfhips, yet your Lordfhips having faid 
in the Beginning of your Paper, That you could 
return no Anfwer to ours of the firjl of June, un- 
til jujl Satisfaction were given to your neceffary De- 
fires of the 26th of April, which your Lordjhips 
fent to the Parliament 0/" England ; and there being 
no Mention by your Lordfhips of Defires to any 
other Kingdom or Perfon whatfoever ; and your 
Lordfliips affirming that you raife new Forces for 
your own Securities, and for obtaining your pious 
and loyal Defires ; which, fliould they relate to 
your Lordfhips Defires before exprefied, fent to 
the Parliament of England, then the Words 
might feem to imply that you raifed your Forces 
a gain ft them ; wherein, becaufe your Lordfhips 
Expreflion- is fomething doubtful, it may raife 
Jcaloufies betwixt the Kingdoms : However, we 
know your Lordfhips cannot intend any fuch 
Thins;, being in fo ftrift a Union with them ; 
and it being agreed by the Large Treaty con- 
firmed by A& of Parliament in both Kingdoms, 
that neither fhall denounce War, but three 
Months Warning is firft to be given ; yet, for the 
avoiding of all Miftakes and Mifapprehenfions 
that may arife, we likewife defirethat your Lord- 
fhips would make a more full and clear Declara- 
tion in that Point ; which may give the Parlia- 
ment and Kingdom of England Aflurance that 
the Forces and Kingdom of Scotland fhall do no- 
thing to the Prejudice, or to the Difturbance of 
the Peace and Quiet of the Kingdom of England ; 
and that your Lordfhips would give us an Anfwer 
to our Paper of the 6th of this prefent June^ con- 
cerning your Lordfhips declaring againft thofe in 
Berwick and CarliJJe^ and their Adherents in this 
Kingdom, whereunto your Lordfhips are not 
R 4 < pleafed 

264 *Hx Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24- Car. I- e pleafed to fay any Thing in the Anfwer we have 
l6< * 8 ' c now received. 

ju pe . By Command of the Commiffioners of the ParUa-, 

meat of England. 


*J une 

*^* ne Lords refolved to 

with the King. 

A Committee ' appont a 

inudto con- Committee to confider what the Parliament had. 
of a Peace done towards the fettling of a Peace, and what the 
King had offered ; alfo what was fit to be further 
offered to the King for his Satisfaction, and for 
fettling of a fpeedy and well-grounded Peace j and, 
likewife, that the faid Committee ftiould confider 
of the Time, Place, and other Circumftances, 
where Addreffes were to be conveniently made to 
the King. * 

June 27. A Petition from the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dermen, and City of London was this Day prefent- 
ed to the Lords ; the Contents whereof were as 
follows : 

A retition from 
the City of Lon- 
don, defiring a 
Pen< nal Treaty 
for that Purpofe. 

70 the Right Honourable the LORDS in the 

Court of Parliament ajjembled, 
*The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, 

Aldermen^ and Commons of the City of London, 

in Common-Council ajjembled t 

HP H A T your Petitioners do, with all Thank- 

* fulnefs, humbly acknowledge the many for- 
mer Favours of this Honpurable Houfe, in grant- 
ing feveral of their Petitions, which gives them 
Encouragement to make further Application to 
your Honours ; wherein they humbly take Leave 
to exprefs their own and their Fellow-Citizens 
deep Senfe and Apprehenfions of the prefent Mi- 
feries, and very fad and deplorable Condition of 
this City and Kingdom, by reafon of the Growth 
of Herefies, Schifms, Profanenefs, and Superfti- 
tion, occajfioned by the long Unfettlement of the 



* Church ; and likewife by the Commotions in ftr-An 

* veral Counties, which have been faithful and 

* ferviceable to the King and Parliament ; and of 

* the great Effufion of Blood that hath been, and 

* is continued, by reafon of the faid Commotions, 

* and like to be increafed, by the falling off of a 

* confiderable Part of the Navy : All which threat- 
' neth the imminent Deftru&ion of Trade, and 

* the utter Ruin of the King, Parliament, and 
' Kingdom, if not, by the Bleffing of Almighty 
' God upon your good Endeavours, fpeedily pre- 

* vented. And in your Petitioners Apprehenfion 

* the fame is no way likely to be avoided, the 
e Peace of the Kingdom fettled, and the brotherly 

* Union between the two Kingdoms of England and 

* Scotland continued, but by a good Understanding 
'. and happy Agreement between the King's Majefty 
4 and the Honourable Houfes of Parliament ; which 

* your Petitioners are the more hopeful, by the 
4 Mercy of God, may be effected, whei they call 
' to mind the feveral Expreffions of his Majefty 

* and both Houfes of Parliament, in their feveral 

* and refpelivc Declarations tending thereunto ; 

* and that it may appear to all the World by this, 

* as alfo by many former Petitions, notwithftand- 
' ing the many fcandalous Afperfions fuggefted to 
' the contrary, that this City is, and ever hath been, 

* defirous of, and hath endeavoured to obtain, a 

* fafe and well-grounded Peace, according to the 

* Solemn League and Covenant, their Intereft be- 
' ing fo much concerned therein. 

' Your Petitioners do therefore humbly pray, 
That a Perfonal Treaty may forthwith be ob- 
' tained betwixt his Majefty and both Houfes of 

* Parliament, in the City of London, or fome other 

* convenient Place, where it may be moft for the 

* Honour and Safety of his Majefty's Royal Per- 

* fon, and Piefervation of the Parliament, as in 
' your Wifdoms (hall be thought fit ; (unto which 

* Treaty it is humbly defired that our Brethren of 

* Scotland may be invited) that fo, according to 

* the Duty of our Allegiance, Proteftation, and 

* Solemn 

An. 14 Car. J. 



The Parh 'atnetxafy HISTORY 

Solemn League -and Covenant, his Majefty's 
Royal Perfon, Honour, ,and Eftate may be pre- 
ferved ; the Power and Privilege of Parliament 
may be maintained ; the juft Right and Liberties^ 
of the Subjects reftoretl j Religion and the Go- 
vernment of the Church' in Purity ellablifhed ; all 
Differences may be the better compofed, and a 
firm and lafting Peace concluded ; and the Union 
between the two Kingdoms continued according 
to the Covenant ; all Armies difbanded, and all 
your Soldiers juft Arrears fatisfied ; the King- 
dom's Burthens eafed, and the laudable Govern- 

4 rnent thereof, by the good and wholefomc Laws 

' and Cuftoms, happily advanced.' 

And your Petitioners jh all pray ^ &c. 

The Anfwer the Lords gave to this Petition, 
was, * That they returned theni hearty Thanks for 
' the Continuance of their good Affections to the 
c Parliament, and Inclinations to the Peace and Set- 

* tlement of the Kingdom. They faid they were 
' in Cortfideration of that which was contained in 

* their Petition before they received it; and that 
they would employ all their Endeavours effectual-* 
' ly for the fpeedy obtaining of what may beft 
' conduce to the Safety and Happinels of the Kingi 
' City, and the whole Kingdom. 

The fame Petition being prefcnted to the Com 
mons, they returned the following Anfwer : 
HP H E Houfe hath rea<l your Petition, prc- 

* * fented to them in the Name of the Com- 
' mon-Council of the City of London ; wherein 

* they take Notice of the affectionate Acknow- 
' ledgment which the City exprefieth of the Houfe's 
' Conctfiions upon their former Petitions, and of 

* their Cnriftian and prudent Defires of a fafc and 

* well-grounded Peace, according to the Covenant-; 

* and of that Means which they propofe, in order 

* thereunto, of a Perfonal Treaty ; in which (as 

* the other Particulars of your Petition) the Houfe 
' efpccially obferves the Confidence and Truft 

' whicb 

of E N G L A N D. 267 

which the City repofes in them, in leaving the An. 24 Car. I, 
Confideration of their Peace and Security to their ^_^ '_^ 
Wifdom and Care. To all which the Houfe j^. 
hath commanded me to give you this Anfwer, 
That they have the fame Fellow-feeling with the 
City and Kingdom, by their Sufferings by War, 
and the fame Defires with them to attain a fafe 
and well-grounded Peace. They have, for that 
End, fpent a great Part of this laft Month in Con- 
fiderations of Peace, and have made fome Progrefs 
therein : And for the more fpeedy Difpatch of 
what further remains to be done, the Houfes have 
appointed a Committee to confider what the King 
hath offered, and what is further to be offered to 
the King for his Satisfaction, for fettling of a 
fpeedy and well-grounded Peace j and toccnlider 
of Time, Place, and other Circumftances, for 
Conveniency of Addrefs to be made to his Ma- 
jefty : And they doubt not but what they have 
done, and fpeedily fliall o herein, will be fully 
fatisfadory to the City of London^ and to all 
others that defire to fee theTioubles of this King- 
dom ended in a fafe and juft Peace. And for 
your good Affections to the Parliament and King- 
dom, manifefted by your Actions in the late War, 
and in your prefent Petition for a fafe and well- 
grounded Peace, the Houfe hath commanded me 
to give you Thanks/ 

'June 28. Richard OJlorne, the Perfon com- Mr 
plained of in Colonel Hammond's laft Letter to the the' Bar of the 
Lord's, was brought to the Bar; when the Speaker Houfe of Lord*, 
told him, That that Houfe had received a Letter avo ^ h l s , c . hare 

r - i i -KT a gamit Major 

from him of a very high Nature, whereupon he had RoJph. 

a Protection to come in. He faid, He was come 
to make good what. he had written ; tut much did 
depend upon Do-west's Depofition to clear Things. 

Then the Lords Comn anded that the Letter he 
had written to the Earl of Mancbejler, and alfo the 
Copy of his Letter to the Lord ffrbarton inclofed, 
(hould be fhewcd unto him, which was done (a): 

(4) Thcfc are before given at p, 248. 

e fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

And it being demanded of the faid O/borne, Whe- 
ther he would avow the Letters, and juftify the 
Matter thereof, he anfwered, Yes ; whereupon the 
Houfe commanded rhat the faid Letters fhould be 
read in his Prefence ; which was accordingly done. 
The faid Mr. O/borne being afked, What Wit-' 
ncfles he would defire to have examined concern- 
ing this Bufinefs, he faid, Mr. Dowcet and one 
Mr. Worjley\ and then he withdrew. 

Being called in again and fworn, he was aflcecf, 
Whether Major Rolph did acquaint him with a 
Defign of poifoning the King ? This he avowed 
upon his Oath. 

Hereupon the Lords ordered that Major Ralph, 
being accufed of High Treafon before that Houfe, 
{hall ftand committed to the Gatehoufe, Wejlmin- 
J?er, there to be kept in fafe Cuftody until their 
Pleafure be further fignified. A Warrant was if- 
fued accordingly, and Mr. Serjeant Finch was or- 
dered to prepare a Charge againft the faid Major 
Ralph, and prefent the fame to the Houfe, after 
Advice had with the Judges; Mr. OJborne was bound 
in a Recognizance of 5000 /. to make good his 
Charge of High Treafon againft him, and ordered 
to attend the Houfe of Lords the next Thurfday, 
and fo ds Die in Diem, for that Purpofe. Mr. Wor-. 
Jley and Mr. Dowcet were alfo ordered to give their 

who maketh his Attendance as WitnefTes. But the Major, in 

F.icape. the mean Time, thought fit to make his Efcape : 


The Lords order June 29. Micbael Bakrr, one of the MefTengers 

i Proclamation belonging to the Gentleman-Uftier attending the 

a reheS *" Houfe of Lords ' S av ^ Account that he had fearch- 

S? " ed all Places about the Town for Major Ralph, 

but could not find him : Hereupon their Lordfhipr, 

ordered a Letter to be written to Col. Hammond, 

Governor of the Ifle of Wight, requiring him to 

make Search there for the Major ; and, upon Dif- 

covery of him, to fend him up in Safety to the 

Houfe ; and that a Proclamation be iffued out to 

iummon him to come by a certain Day. 


/ E N G L A N D. 269 

Then a Petition was prefented to the Lords from An * *4 Car 
the Mafter, Wardens, and Fellowfhip of the tri- ^ l6 * 8 ' 
nity-houfe, which was received and read : 

To the Right Hon. the Houfe of PEERS ajjemlled In 

The HUMBLE PETITIONS/" the Majler^ Wardens, 
and Fetloivjhlp of TRINITY-HOUSE, 


* *1PHAT whereas they have received a Petition A Petition pre - 
' * from the younger Brother of their Corpo- ffnt *& t Pariia- 

* ration, as alto from many well-affeaed Seamen, Kn^Houfif 
' Matters of Ships, and others^ therein expreifing for a Perfonal' 

* their Defires to prefent their Petition to this Treat y *'* ^e 

* Moft Honourable Houfe ; we do, in all humble Jng * 

* Manner, (hew our great Apprehenfion of the 

* many Difternpers, both by Sea and Land, occa- 

* fioned by the Means of a difcontented Party, who 

* daily take up Arms againft the Parliament and 
' Kingdom ; which, if not timely prevented by 

* the Mercy of God and the Wifdom of the Par- 

* liament, is like to engage the Kingdom again in 

* a moft bloody War, to the endangering the 

* long-ex pe&ed Peace of the three Kingdoms, the 
' Lofs of Navigation, the obftrufting of Trade, 

* and the utter Ruin of many Thoufands of Fa- 

* milies, relating both to Marine and Land Affairs, 
' whofe Subfiftance depends upon the Trade to 
4 and from this Kingdom. 

' Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray your 

* Lordfhips to take the PremiiTes into your grave 

* Wifdoms and Confederations, and that a prefent 
' Perfonal Treaty may be had with his Majefty, 

* which we humbly conceive, under God, is the 

* only Means for the fettling a well-grounded 

* Peace, both in Church and Common- wealth ; v 
4 by which, with the Blefling of God on your 

' Endeavours, the prefent Difternpers may be re- 

* moved, and the Kingdom again reftored to a 

* flouriihing Condition; for which your Petitioners, 

* with 

Parliamentary HISTORY* 

Car. I. with the whole Kingdom, mall have great Caufe 
to acknowledge the Lord's Goodnefs, and our 
Thankfulnefs to this Moft Honourable Aflembly 
for their unwearied Pains for the Good of this 
aimoft undone Kingdom ; and as we have ever 
{hewed ourfelves willing, with the Hazard of 
our Lives and Fortunes, to preferve the Parlia- 
ment, fo we {hall be ready, to the utmoft of our 
Powers, according to the Proteftation and Solemn 
League and Covenant, to aflift them in all their 
juft Undertakings, againft their and the King- 
dom's Enemies. 

And your Petitioners Jhali ever pray, &c. 

The Speaker returned this Anfwer : 
* The Lords have commanded me to return un- 
to you their hearty Thanks and Acknowledg- 
ments for the good Affections you have expref- 
fed to the Parliament on many former Occafions, 
as well as in the Petition now prefented ; and the 
Defires therein contained for the fettlfng of a, 
well-grounded Peace : The Lords neither are, 
nor at any Time {hall be, wanting to ufe their ut- 
moft Endeavours for the happy and moft fpeedy 
effecting thereof.' 

On the fame Day another Petition was prefented 
to the Lords, and read ; but we do not find that 
any Anfwer was given to it. 

To the Right Honourable the Houfe of PEERS af-* 
fembled in Parliament, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Commanders, Maf- 
ters, and Mariners of the Shipping belonging to the 
River of Thames, whofe Names art here under 

Another from * 
the Watermen < 
upon Thames to 
the fame End. 

Humbly foeweth, 

HP HAT your Petitioners have, to this Time, 
faithfully affifted, according to their Oaths 
* and feveral Undertakings, in the Defence of this 

* Kingdom, 


Kingdom, and for the Preservation of his Ma- 
jefty and both Houfes of Parliament in their juft 
Rights and Privileges ; wherein they have chear- ' " j une . 
fully adventured their Lives, and fpent much of 
their Eftates : /And your Petitioners cannot but 
acquaint your Honours, that they had of late more 
than Hopes, fmce his Majefty's evil Counfeilors 
were removed from him, and no Face of an Enemy 
appearing to obftrud, that, by fettling his Ma- 
jefty in his juft Rights, this miferable and jdiC- 
treffed Kingdom might have enjoyed an happy 
and a lading Peace ; but, to the great Terror 
and unfpeakable Grief of your Petitioners, they 
find themfelves in a far worfe Condition than ever, 
unlefs, by the grave Wifdom of this great Affem- 
bly, it be timely prevented ; for when we confider 
the manifold Dangers now upon us, and the long 
Time likely to be fpent before a Perfonal Treaty 
is likely to be had, we may juftly fear the utter 
Ruin of this our flourifhing Kingdom, efpecially 
confidering the many Armies already on Foot in 
the feveral Parts thereof, befides the late falling 
off of the Ships, which we cannot look upon but 
as a Bufmefs of the greateft Danger which hath 
yet happened ; for, befides that it is a laying flat 
our ftrong Walls, whereby we are expofed to 
all foreign Invafions, the Lofs of Trade will be 
of fuch Confequence, that we fhall not need to 
fear a fecond Ruin; nor can your Petitioners con- 
ceive any Way how thofe Ships may be reduced, 
when the Pretence is that the Peace of this King- 
dom may be fettled by a Perfonal Treaty with 
his Majefty, which your Petitioners are bold to 
offer to your Honours, is the Senfe of all, or the 
greateft Part of, the Seamen of England: Where- 
fore they moft humbly pray, that there may be a 
fpeedy Treaty had with his Majefty for the fet- 
ling the Peace of this Kingdom ; and that, in the 
mean Time, his Majefty may be intreated tore- 
move to fome of his Houfes which may be moft 
convenient, where he may be with Honour, Free- 
2 * dcoi 

zjz The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. * dom and Safety ; and your Petitioners {half bif 

T< HS- ' ready, with their Lives and Fortunes, to aflift the 

^ * Parliament againft all thofe that (hall oppofe the 

Jun fame. To all which your Petitioners humbly 

' beg a gracious and fpeedy Anfwer. 

The fame Day, "June 29, the foregoing Petition^ 
were prefented to the Houfe of Commons ; when 
the Speaker, by their Command, gave this An- 
fwer : 

THE Houfe hath read the two Petitions, prer- 
fented by you to them : One, of the Maf- 
ter, Wardens, and Fellowftiip of Trinity- Houfe'; 
the other, of the Commanders, Matters, and Ma- 
riners of the Shipping belonging to the River 
Thames ; and a third prefented by the Younger 
Brothers of your Corporation, and others, t* 
vourfelves (b) : And as this Houfe, calling to 
Mind your former faithful Affiftance in thisCaufe", 
fo likewife, by your Petitions, they find your Rea- 
dinefs, with your Lives and Fortunes, to affift 
the Parliament in all their juft Undertakings, 
againft their and the Kingdom's Enemies, accor- 
ding to the Proteftation and Solemn League and 
Covenant : And, in Anfwer to your Defires of 
a Perfonal Treaty with his Majefty, for fettling 
a well-grounded Peace, both in Church and 
State, the Houfe hath commanded me to let you 
know, That they have the fame Fellow-feeling 
with you of the Kingdom's Sufferings by War, 
and the manifold Dangers which muft necefia- 
rily enfue thereupon j and to afTure you, That 
they do really defire, and (hall faithfully endea- 
vour to obtain, a fafe and well-grounded Peace : 
And, in order thereunto, have fpent a great Paft 
of this laft Month in Confiderations of Peace, 
and have made fome Progrefs therein : And, for 

4 the 

(4) We find no Copy of this entered ; nor is the Want of it very 
material, as no doubt the Purport thereof '.vas incorporated into that 
from the Mailer and Wardens. 


the more fpeedy Difpatch of what further re- An 
mains to be done, the Houfes have appointed a 
Committee to confider what the King hath for- 
merly offered, and what is further to be offered 
to the King for his Satisfaction, for fettling of 
a fpeedy and well-grounded Peace ; and to confi- 
der of Time, Place, and other Circumftances, for 
convenience of Addrefs to be made to his.Maje(ry j 
which Committee have met, and are enjoined, 
with all poflible Speed, to make Report to this 
Houfe : Whereupon they intend fo effectually Jo 
proceed, that, by the Bleflmg of God, a fafe anal 
well-grounded Peace may be fpeedily fettled : 
And they doubt not but what they have done, and 
ftiall do herein, will be fully fatisfailory, as to 
yourfelves, fo to all the well-afie&ed Seamen of 
this Kingdom. And, for your good Afte&ions 
to the Parliament and Kingdom, manifefted by 
your former Actions in the late War, and in your 
Expreflions and Engagements in your prefent 
Petitions, they have commanded me to give you 

The foregoing Petitions, with thofe fent up from 
feveral Counties, all calling for a Perfonal Treaty 
with the King, evidently mew that the greatelt 
Part of the Nation was ftrongly attached to Mo- 
narchy; and that the Murders and Mifchiefs which 
enfued were only done by a few ill-defigning Men, 
who, by the Affiftance of the Army, had Power to 
throw all Things into Anarchy and Confufion. 
That the Houfe of Lords were in earneft to bring 
about a Reconciliation with the King appears by 
the Proceedings of the next Day : For, 

June 30. The Earl of Northumberland reported The Vota of 
from the Committee laft appointed to confider of J an -. 3> l6 47, 
what had been, and what might be, offered to the Addreifcfw^th 
King, fefc. That they had refolved the beft Way king, vacated. 
for opening a Treaty with his Majefty, was, That 
the Votes of January 3, 1647, forbidding all Ad- 
dreffes to be made to or frojn the Kirig, be taken. 

VOL, XVII. S gff: 


The Siege of 


274 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 24 Car. I. off: And that the Three Proportions fent intd 
Scotland, to be granted by the King before a Per- 
fonal Treaty be begun, be not infifted on. 

The Lords agreed to thefe Votes, and ordered 
them to be fent down to the Commons for their 
Concurrence : To the fi rft of them that Houfc 
agreed without a Divifion, but took Time to con- 
fider of the fecond. 

July. The Siege of Colchefter had now been car- 
ried on for fome Months, without much Notice 
taken of it in the Journals. This Town had been 
feized on by the Kentijh Royalifts under the Com- 
mand of the Earl of Norwich, Lord Capel, and 
Sir Charles Lucas. Mr. Ruftjworth (/>), has preferr- 
ed a very particular Diary of this Siege, to which 
it will be fufficient to refer : Obferving only, That 
the few brave Men which compofed the Garrifon,, 
held out againft the Force of Lord Fairfax's Ve- 
teran Army, to the laft Extremity ; and were re- 
duced to fuch Diftrefs, that Butter was fold at 5*. 
a Pound, and even Horfe-Flefh at icxL . 

On thefirft of this Month the following Letter 
was fent to the Houfe of Lords from Major Ralph. 

My Lords, 

* ID EING informed that this Honourable Houfe 
4 JD hath patted an Order for my Commitment., 
4 and knowing myfelf (I fpeak in the Prefence of 

* God who fearcheth all Hearts) to be fo perte&ly 
clear and innocent of that foul and horrid Crime 
charged upon me, that I abhor tjie very Thoughts 
both of that and alfo of concealing myfelf from 
your Lordfhips ; and therefore earneftly defue 
an Opportunity of appearing for Vindication cf 
my Inriocency in this Matter, or whatever elfe 
Malice in wicked Men can lay againft me ; reft- 
ing fully allured, that whatfoever Award I may 
find at the Hands of Men, I (hall enjoy the Hap- 
pinefs of an upright and peaceable Confcience 
with the fame God. 

4 I fhould 
, vol. vir. P. 1154, // 

Wajar Ralph's 
Letter to the ' 
Hoafeof Lords, 
stowing his In- 

^ ENGLAND, 275 

< I mould ftill have attended your Lordfliips Pica- Art. 24 car. it 
fure, had not that Diftemper of Body, which was s ^ ___, 
before upon me, by its Growth, neceflitated me j uly , 
to apply myfelf unto the Ufe of Means ; whereby 
I am at prefent fo difabled that, without appa- 
rent Danger, I cannot now wait upon your Lord- 
fliips ; the Truth whereof thefe Bearersj my 
Surgeons, can teftify. 

* Thus craving your Lordfhips favourable Con- 
ftrudlion of my prefent Condition, with Accep- 
tance of thefe Lines, I reft 

Tour Lord/hips mojl humble 


The Lords Shewed little Regard to this Letter, 
fur they ordered the Major to be removed from his 
own Lodging to the Gatehoufe : He was accordingly 
conveyed thither in a Horfe-Litter, under a Cuard 
of the Trained Bands. 

July 3. This Day Mr. Dazvcet t one of the Per* 
fous mentioned before to have been acquainted with 
the Defign upon the King's Life, was brought to 
the Bar of the Hodfe of Lords j and being afked by 
the Speaker, What he knew of that Affair, he de- 
livered in a Paper, figned with his own Hand, which 
was read as follows : 

1 T A M ready to make Oath that Mr. Rithard Mr. 

*' 1 0/borne told me the King's Perfon was in Declaration a. 

* great Danger ; and that Ralph had a Defign on gainlt him< 

* Foot for conveying the King's Perfon to fome 
Place of Secrefy, where he might difpofe of his 
Perfon as he thought fit. Which Information 
from Mr. OJborne, and the Aflurance I had of 
his Majefty's Intentions forthwith to come to 
his Parliament, was the Caufe of my engaging 
in this Affair. 

* I am ready likewife to depofe, that the faid 
&o!pb came to me when I was a Prifoner in the 
S 2 'Caftle$ 


An. 24 Car. 


mitred to the 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

I- Caftle ; and, in ajeering Manner, afked me, Why 
the King came not down according to his. Ap- 
pointment ? And then, with great Indignation 
and Fury, faid, He waited almpft three Hours, 
under the new Plat-Form, with a good Piitoh 
ready charged, to have received him if he had 


Hereupon the Lords ordered, That Mr. Ser- 
jeant Finch ihould make ufe of this Paper in draw- 
mg up a Charge againft Major Rciph ; and that he 
be kept clofe Prifoner in the Gatebottfe until the 
Pleafure of their Houie be further known. 

in the 

Motion for a 
Perfcnal Treaty 

WftKtl Kjng. 

The fiime Day there was a great Debate in the 
Houfe of Commons, upon a Motion for a Perfo- 
nal Treaty with the King (<:). Mr. Thomas ScMt 
faid, He was of Opinion that there could be no 
Time fcafonable for fuch a Treaty, or for a Peace 
with fo prefidious -and implacable a Prince ; but it 
would always be too loon, or too late. He that 

Scabbaid into the Fire ; and that all Peace with 
him would prove the Spoil of the Godly. To which 
it was anfwered. That feme Men got v-ell by fifh- 
ing in troubled Waters ; and accounted Peace their 
Spoil, btxaule War was their Gain; and thefe 
looked upon a Perlbnal Treaty as a Defign againfr 
thcmfelves, (under the Notion of the godly, ho- 
ne'ft, confiding Party,) becaufe it was the .high 
Way-tO'P<?ace. But that the Generality of the 
People, who had been defpoiled of their Eftates by 
the War, were refolved to be no longer made Fuel 
:o that Fire wherein thofe Salamanders live j nor 
any longer feed thofe Horfe-Leeches the Army, 
their engaged Party and Servants, with their own 
Blood and Mai row j and therefore were deter- 
mined upon a Personal Treaty with the King, as 
the only Means of fettling the Peace of the King- 


(0 Walker's H$vy tfbfyoifay, 

of ENGLAND. 277 

The next Point was, the Place where fuch a An. 24 Car. I. 
Treaty (hould be held. For this Purpofc the Ifle cf l6 4 8 - 
Height and the King's Houfe at Holdenly were pro- *"" '.j 
pofed, or any other of his Majefty's Houfes not near- 
er than ten Miles ofF London^ or the City of London 
itfelf. The Independents were for the two firft, 
but principally affected the Ifle of Wight. The 
Prefbyterians adhered to the two latter, but infifted 
chiefly for London. In Favour of the City it was 
argued, That the Common-Council and Officers 
of the Soldiery would undertake for the King's 
Safety againft all Tumults : In any other Place 
he would be within the Power of the Army, who 
might probably take him away again (as they did at 
Holdenby) if they liked not the Manner and Mat- 
ter of the Treaty. London was a Place of rnoft 
Honqgr, Safety, and Freedom ; and would beft 
fatisf^he King, the Scats, and the People : In all 
other Places, especially the Ifle of Wight^ he would 
be ftill a Prifoner to the Army ; and therefore all 
he fhould agree to would be void by reafon of that 
Durefs. To this Serjeant Wyld anfwered, That 
Cu/lodia did not always, in Law, fignify Imprifon- 
ment: Tho' the King was under Reftraint of the 
Army, he was not in Prifon (making a Difference 
between Reftraint and legal Imprifonment j) that 
the King cannot plead Durefs ; no Man can impri- 
fonor hurt the King in his political Capacity as King; 
tho' in his natural Capacity, as a Man, he is as paf- 
five as other Men. To this it was replied, That it 
had been frequently faid in the Houfe, the King 
was a Prifoner ; and there was no Difference, in 
Law, between a Reftraint and an Imprifoment, 
whether legal or illegal. A tortorious Reftraint is 
called, in Law, a falfe Imprifonment. The former 
Kings have voided their own Acts, by pleading Re- 
ftraint or Imprifonment, and Conftraint, as J/tf. 
III. Ric. II. That the King may as well plead Im- 
prifonment as the Parliament plead a Force, which 
they have lately done. That the King's Reftraint, 
in Law, is Artta Cujiodia; and they wifhed it might 
83 be 

278 *Ihe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. be Saha Cujlod'ia^ though but lately they had In- 
%__. l6 * 8 '._* f rmatlon to tne contrary. The Diftinction be- 
ju!v. tween the King's natural and political Capacity was 
Treafon in the Spencers ; (and fo declared by two 
Acts of Parliament in the Time of Ed. II. and 
Ed. III.) and my Lord Coke^ in Calvin's Cafe, af- 
firmed, They are infeparable by Law. In Anfwer to 
this Mr. Scott faid, That the City was as obnoxious 
to the King's Anger as any Part of the Kingdom ; 
and if the Treaty fhould be in London^ who could 
fecure the Parliament that the City would not make 
their Peace with the enraged King, by delivering 
up their Heads to him for a Sacrifice, as the Men 
of Samaria did the Heads of the feveniy Sons of 
Ahab f It was alfo further moved. That if the King 
came not to London, but to one of his Houfes about 
ten Miles from thence, he might be defired to 
give his Royal Word to refide their until thflBon- 
cliifioh of the Treaty, Colonel Harvey flighted 
this Motion, vilifying the King's Royal Word, and 
faying, There was no Truft in Princes : To this 
Purpofe he alledged, That the King's Promife had 
been frequently broken ; as when he protefted that 
the Safety and Privileges of Parliament fhoujd be 
as precious to him as the Safety of his Wife and 
Children ; and yet, within three or four Days after, 
came with armed Guards to force the Houfe, in 
the Cafe of the five Members. 

This Argument was farther urged by Sir Henry 
Vane, Jun. and Sir Henry Mildmay (d), who at- 
tempted to jnftance many Particulars to prove that 
the King was a perjured Man, and therefore ought 
in no Cafe to be trufted : Whereupon Sir Symonds 
D'Eives flood up, and declared himfelf to be of a 
contrary Opinion ; for that the Houfe not only 
ought, but mutt, truft his Majefty j and that they 
' were not in a Condition to ftand upon fuch high 
Terms : For, faid he, ' T r. Speaker, If you know 
pot in what ConditK -are, givp me Leave 19 

a Word to tell you : i ow Silver is clipped j 


(/' Mtrsurii-z rra*x:aiic:;: t N 16. 

of ENGLAND. 279 

your Gold {hipped ; your Ships are revolted j An. 24. Car. I. 
yourfelves contemned ; your Scots Friends enraged t * 6 * 8 ' J 
againft you ; and the Affections of the City and July.""" 
Kingdom quite alienated from you. Judge then 
whether you are not in a low Condition, and alfo 
if it be not high Time to endeavour a fpeedy 
Settlement and Reconcilement with his Majefly ?' 

At length the Houfe came to this Refolution, They refolre that 
upon a Divifion of 80 againft 72, That the three his Majeftyflull 
Propofitions for fettling Church-Government, for ^^ jS^g, 
the Militia, and for recalling all Proclamations and rioqe fent into 
Declarations againft the Parliament, be fent to the Scotland, before 
King j and be by him affented to, and figned with . * w 
his Hand > before the Treaty : And that the fame 
be made Acts of Parliament when the King. (hall 

come to Wejlminfter. But the Place of Treaty 

was not fixed upon till fome Months after. 

Next Day the Commons fent up the foregoing 
Vote, and another for fecuring and paying all juft 
Debts, and making good all Engagements to all 
Perfons that either have been, or fhall be, engaged 
for the Parliament, before the final ConcluAon of a 
Peace. To this laft the Lords agreed ; but the for- 
mer was referred to Confideration the next Morn- To which the 
ing, and all the Lords to be fummoned to appear. Lds refufe th 
At which Time, after reading the faid Vote, it Conc cncc> 
was unanimoufly agreed to adhere to their former 
Vote, That the three Propofitions fent into Scot- 
land, to be granted by the King, before a Perfonal 
Treaty be begun, be not infifted on. A Com- 
mittee of Lords were alfo appointed to draw up 
Rcafons, to be given at a Conference with the 
fioufe of Commons, why their Lordfhips adhere 
to their own Vote. 

July 5. A Petition was prefcnted to the Lords, 
by the Sheriffs and fome of the Aldermen and 
Common-Council of London^ with another an- 
both which were read as follows : 

S 4. T* 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

A Petition from 
the City of Lon- 
don, inciofing 

An. 4 Car. I. To the Right Honourable tin LORDS m the High 
J6 4 8 - Court of Parliament affimbled, 

July. The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dermen, and Commons of the City of London in 
Common Council affembled, 


'1 ' HAT your Petitioners fitting in Common- 
JL Council upon the weighty Affbjrs of the Ci^- 
ty, had prefented unto them, by divers Field-Offi- 
cers and Captains and their Com miilion- Officers 
of the Trained Bands of the City of London and 
the Liberties thereof, the Petition hereunto an- 
nexed j which being openly read and ferioufiy 
confidered, they apprehended that the fame is of 
great Concernment, worthy of dueConfideration, 
tending to the Honour and Safety of the King, 
the Prefervation of the Parliament, and Settle- 
ment cf the Peace and Welfare of the City and 
Kingdom ; and they concurring with the Petition - 
ers therein, have thought fit to prefent the farne 
to this Honourable Houfe ; and they humbly 
pray your Honours to take the fame into your 
Confideration, and do therein as in your graye 
Wifdoms you (hall think fit/ 

And they Jhall pi -ay, &e. 


Another from 
the Officers of 
their Militu, for 

To the Right Honourable the L o R D s a 

Tie HUMBLE PETITION cf the Field-Officers, 
Captains, and their CommijJifjn-Qfficers of the 
Trained Bands of the City of London, and the 
Liberties thereof, 


'"jp HAT out of the deep Senfe of the fad 
c JL Miseries that lie upon thefe Kingdoms, 
' the only vifible Remedy whereof, under God, 
* TV conceive to be a Perfona^ Treaty with his 


of E N G L A N D. 281 

' Majefty, (which happy Work we hear is like to An 24 Car. I. 
' be retarded, if noi fruftrated, by Fears and Jea- 

* loufics fuggefted if it fhould be here in London 

* which is fo much defired, as if inftead of Peace it 
' would involve us all in Blood by Tumults that 

* might be raifed by Pcrfons driving on their own 

* Deiigns and Interefts) we think ourfelves bound 

* in Duty, for promoting fo defirable a \Vork fo 

* much as in us lies, to offer our Service, with our 
' Lives and fortunes, to the utmoft to defend his 
k jVIajefty's Royal Perfon arid this Parliament from 
4 all Violence whatfoever, that they meet and 

* treat with Freedom, Honour, and Safety, ao 

* cording to the ancient fundamental Conftitution 
' of the Kingdom ; and that whofoever {hall, by 

* Tumults, Mutinies, and Infurre&ions, or other- 
' wife, interrupt or force the Honour, Freedom, 

* and Safety of the King or Parliament, we and all 

* under our Commands (hall be ready, as one 

* Man, to live and die in Defence of the King 

* and Parliament according to our Covenant : 

* Wherefore we humbly pray, 

1. ' That for our Enablement thereunto, the 

* Militia for the City of London and adjacent Parts 

* may be fettled in one Committee ; and if your 
Wifdom {hall think fit to join fofne Perfons of 

* the Parts adjacent to the Grand Committee, they 
e may be fuch as have no Places of Profit which 
' depend upon the Continuance of the War or of 
e our Troubles ; or have {hewed themfelves dif- 
' affected to the Ends of the Covenant. 

2. ' That the King may be brought to London 

* with Freedom, Honour, and Safety, to treat with 

* the Parliament for fettling a fafe and well- 
' grounded Peace. 

3. c That the Militia may have Power to raife 

* Horfe, if need be, for Defence of the King, Par- 
4 liament, and City. 

And we Jhall pray, &c. 

The Petitioners being withdrawn, the Lords, 
after Debate, refolyed, upon the Queftion, That 


July. Kin 

^Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

the Houfe doth think fit that London be the Plac* 
where the PerfonaJ Treaty fhall be had with the 

Then the Claufe in the Petition was read, That 
the Militia of London, Weftminfter, Southwark, 
and the Tower- Hamlets Jhall be joined together : 
And the Queftion being put thereupon, it was re- 
folved in' the Affirmative. 

Next the Defire of the City To have Power to 
raife Horfe was read : This alfo being refolved in 
the Affirmative, a MefTage was fent to the Houfe of 
Commons to defire their Concurrence therein. 

Then the Sheriffs and others that prefented the 
faid Petitions, were called in again ; and the Speaker, 
by the Direction of the Houfe, gave them the fol- 
lowing Anfwer ; Which, together with the two Pe- 
titions, was ordered to be printed and published. 

Gentlemen y 

"TT* H E Lords have commanded me to let 
you know, that they have confidered of 

* the Particulars this Day tendered by you unto 
c them : They had, of themfelves, made fome 
' Progrefs in thofe Things mentioned therein ; 

* and they do now declare you, that they have 

* thought fit to grant your Defires in all the Par- 

* ticulars contained in the Petitions ; in Confi- 

* deuce that the City of London will be careful to 

* make good their great Engagement, now made, 

* For the fecuring and preferving his Majefty's Per- 

* fon and the Parliament from Tumults, Mutinies, 
* . and Infurredtions, or other Diforders that may 

* interrupt the Honour, Freedom, and Safety of the 
4 King and Parliament j as they cannot doubt but 
4 .they will ftill adhere to live and die in Defence of 

* their King and Parliament, according to theix 

* Covenant.* 

The two foregoing Petitions being prefented to 

the Commons, they agreed to the joining of the 

Miiiru of London \\-\\t\ Wejlminjier^ &'{. 

% ferrcd, 

of E N G L A N D. 

ferred the other Particulars thereof to a further A " 
Day, as being of great Concernment. 

The fame Day, July 5, a Petition was prefented 
to the Houfe of Commons, by feveral Commanders 
of Ships and Members of the Trinity- Houfe. The 
Purport of it is not entered in their Journals ; but 
Mr. Rujlwortb informs us, That it was fubfcribed Several Sea Com- 

11 / r t n rr i r> manners offer 

by eighty well-affected Seamen ofFering their oer- the : r service for 
vice, at the Command of the Parliament, for reduc- reducing the 
ing the revolted Ships (<?). Another Contempo- 
rary (f) fays, This Petition was intended as aCoun- 
terpoifo'to that prefented on the 2Qth of June^ from 
the Mafter and Wardens of the Trinity Houfe, pref- 
fmg for a Perfonal Treaty with the King ; and that 
Col. Rainfbvrougb, the Parliament's Vice- Admiral, 
whom the Sailors had ejected out of that Port fome 
little Time before the Revolt of the Fleet, was 
employed, by the Committee at Derby-Houfe, to fo- 
licit the common Sort of Mariners to fubfcribe this 
Petition ; and that he gave a Shilling a-piece to as 
many as fubfcribed it.- Be that as it will, 'tis cer- 
tain, however it might be procured, the Prefent- 
ment of it gave great Pleafure to the Houfe of 
Commons, as fully appears by the following un- 
common Anfwer entered in their Journals : 

Capt. Moiilton and the reft of you Gentlemen^ 
* The Houfe has read your Petition with much 
Content and Satisfaction : And you are to be 
thanked, in a fpecial Manner, that you have up- 
held the Honour of the Mariners of the Engllfh 
Nation, by your Fidelity, in thefe Times of 
Danger, which thofe that are revolted much ble- 
mifhed : And, for your good Affections and cor- 
dial Expreflions, the Houfe has commanded me 
to give you hearty Thanks ; and that you deferve 
more than Thanks : And the Houfe has given 
Order, that thofe Things that you defire be put 
into fpeedy and effectual Execution.' 

f) CtHetlitst, Vol. VIII. p. 1177, (f) Walker, utfufra. 

284 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

*4 Car. I. July 6.- A Letter and Paper from the Parlia- 
* 6 4 8 - ^ merit's Commiflioners refiding in Scotland, was 
"~TC read in the Houfe of Lor.ds : 

For tie Right Honourable EDWARD Earl of 
MANCHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of 
Peers pro Tempore. 

Edinburgh, 'June 27, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Lord/kip, , 

Mw Papers fent e %7 OUR Lordfiiips MefTenger came to us 

the 2lft of this 

ftant June^ and brought us the three Propofi- 
' tions, with Directions to communicate them to 
' the Parliament of Scotland; but they were ad- 
journed for almoil two Years. Becaufe this 
' could not be known by your Lordfhips when 

* you made that Refolution, we thought fit, for 
' your Lordfhips Service, to communicate them 
to the Committee of Eftates, which we did the 

* Day following ; and with them fent a Letter 

* and the inclofed Paper of June the 22d. We 

* did likewife give in to the faid Committee the 
' inclofed Paper of June 17, whereunto they have 
promifed an Anfwer. In the mean Time they 
' make great Hafte in the railing of their Army, 
' which is drawing near the Borders. 

4 We believe we {hall not be able to do your 
4 Lordfhips much more Service here, and there- 

* fore would be glad, if your Lordfhips fhould think 

* fit, to have Leave to return home. However, 
' we fhall not prefer our Defires before your Lord- 
< ftiips Service. 

My Lord, 

TCyur Lordfhips mo/l faithful 
and humble Servant, 

P. B. * We were deiired by Monfteur de Man- 
' ireuil, the French Refident here, who hath car- 
e ried civilly towards us, to give him a Pafs through 

* England^ 

of ENGLAND. 285 

England) he beinsc returning about the AfFairs of An - .24 Car 
the King his Matter : We told him we had no t __ lt>4 _ 
Authority to command his Paflage, but we would j u i y . 
defire it, in a Paper under our Hands. This we 
have done accordingly, directed To all Officers, 
Soldiers, and other Perfons ivhatfutver whom it may 
concern, within the Kingdom of Englanr', Of this 
we thought it our Duty to give you Notice.' 

A C o P Y of the PAPER fent to the Committee if 
Ejifites, concerning their declaring again/I thofe in 
Berwick and Carlifle, and that the Scots Forces 
Jhall not be employed to the Prejudice of England. 

Edinburgh, Jims 17, 1648. 
the Commiflioners of the Parliament 
of England, have long waited for a fa- 
tisfa&ory Anfwer to our many Papers given to 
your Lordfhips and the Honourable the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, concerning our Demand, That 
your Lordfhips would declare again ft thofe De- 
linquents, Papifts, and Enemies to the Kingdom 
and Parliament of England, who, .contrary to the 
Treaties betwixt both Kingdoms, have feized, 
and do hold, the Towns of Berwick and CarliJJs, 
and thofe of this'K.ingclom who afijft them or ad- 
here to them : We have, from Time to Time, 
made known to your Loralhips what credible 
Informations we have received of fcveral Stores 
of Ann?, Ammunition, anu Provifions that .have 
gone to them out of this Kingdom, which we 
might juftly expect your Lordfhips would not 
have fuffered, confidering the Ariel: Union that 
is betwixt England and Scotland, although there 
had been no particular Agr7cments concerniag 
the aforefaid Towns ; but feeing the Commanders 
in thofe Towns have ftill free Recourfe to this 
City, and they are not only fupplied, but much, 
encouraged, by the Delay of your Lordfhips Re- 
folutions ; which being fo much to the Prejudice 
of the Kingdom of England, and the Bufinefs of 
fo great Importanc^to the Peace of both King- 
c < doxns- 


An. 24. Car. I- 
1618. . 

*The Parliamentary HISTORY 

doms, we fhould much fail in the Difcharge of 
our Duties, if we ceafed not earneftly to prefr 
your Lordlhips, which hereby we do, for year 
Anfiver to our feveral Papers concerning Berwick 
and Carlijk. 

' We do likewife further defire, That as we, 
by the Command of both Houfes of the Parlfa- 
ment of England, have engaged the Faith of 
that Kingdom, that their Armies and Forces fhall 
not do any thing to the Prejudice of the King- 
dom of Scotland^ or difturb the Peace and Quiet 
thereof; fo your Lordfbips would make the iike 
Engagement, that the Armies and Forces of this 
Kingdom (hall not do any thing to the Prejudice 
or Difturbance of the Peace and Quiet of the 
Kingdom of England ; which if your Lordfhips 
(hall deny or delay, confided ng how ambiguous 
your Lordmips Expreflions were upon this Buh- 
nefs, in the Paper of the Parliament of Scotland^ 
of the /th of June Inftant, it muft needs in- 
creafe the Fears and Jealoufies of all honeft Men 
in both Kingdoms, who wifh, and hold them- 
felves obliged to endeavour, the continuing and 
preferving the happy Union betwixt them. 
By Command tf the Conimijflionen of the Parlia- 
ment of England, 


jfCoPY of the PAPER fcnt to 'the Committee' of 
Ejlatei, June 22, 1648, with the THREE 
PROPOSITIONS to be Jent to the King (g). 

' "R OTH Houfes of the Parliament of England 

* J.J have commanded us to communicate to your 
' Lordfhips their Refolutions inclofed, concerning 

* the Proportions to be fent to his Majefty ; and 
' we have further in Charge to defire your Lord- 
' fnips to prepare fuch Propofitions as you ihall 
c judge fit and neceflary for the Kingdom of Scot- 
' land+ that they may be fent to his Maiefty with 
4 all convenient Speed. We hope your Lordfhips 

* will take this and our former Papers, to which 

' we 
(g) Thsfe Propofitioiw are already given at p. 29 

of ENGLAND. 287 

we have yet received no Anfwer, into your fpeedy . AB - 2 4 Car 
Confideration ; we being confident your Lord- * ' 
{hips will find the Offers and Proceedings of the 
Parliament of England fo reafonable and fo juft, 
according to the former Agreements betwixt both 
Kingdoms, and the Grounds whereupon both 
Kingdoms were engaged in this Caufe, that we 
(hall fpeedily be enabled, by your Lordftiips An- 
fwer, to give fuch an Account to bothHoufesas 
may be a Ground of further mutual Confidence 
betwixt both Kingdoms; and may difappoint the 
Hopes and Expectations of the Papifts and Ma- 
lignants, who endeavour to break that Coujunc- 
tion wherein both Kingdoms, by the Blefling df 
God, are fo happily united, and all of us have 
entered into a Solemn Covenant to God, and one 
with another, to maintain. 

By Command of the Commijjioners of the Parlia- 
ment of England, 


The Commons this Day rcfolved, That all the 
Papers relating to the Negotiations between the 
Englifh Commiflioners and the Parliament of Scot- 
land^ fhould be forthwith printed and publifhed. But 
this was not done till the J4th of Auguft following. 
To this Colic fi ton (h] we are obliged for feveral Pa- 
pers not entered in the Journals of either Houfe. 

At this Time came Intelligence of 500 Horfe be- 
ing got together near Kmgjlon upon Thames^ head- Thc 
ed by the Earl of Holland and the Duke of Buck- Buck 
ingbam, with his Brother Lord Francis Villiers'\ Earls 
that the Earl of Peterborough had joined them; that J 
they had declared for the King ; fummoned the Arms infau 

Country of thc Kin S- 

(A) In the Tide-Page the Defign of the Publication is thus fct 
forth : That it may appear nvbat the Endeavours of tbe Kingdom of 
England bai-e been to keep a good Undcrftar.ding, and to preserve tbe 
Union bettcfcr. the Natitns : And boiv tbe Seizing of Berwick aad 
Carlifle by Papi/h and other notorious Delinquents (againft ivbom both 
Kingdtmi lately juimd in War as Emmies fo the Happinejs and Peace 
cf bath) ivas countenanced, if not procured, by tbe Scots Nation, con- 
trary to federal Treaties and Agreements between tbe Kingdoms of 
England and Scotland. 

London^ printed for Edward HuJlanJ, Printer to the Honourable 
Houfe of Commons, Sti/uji 14, 1648. 

2 88 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 04 Car. I. Country to come in ; and plundered fome of the 
1 l648 ' P arnament ' s Friends. This Affair foon difcovered 
j ulj , t itfelf more fully : For, 

July 7. A Letter was read in the Houfe of 
Lords, from Col. Dinglty at Hampton-Court , di- 
rected thus : 

For my Honoured Friend, JOHN BROWN, Eft, 
Clerk of the Parliament^ 

SIR, July 6, 1648. 

* *T*HESE Letters are of much Concern to the 
c A Publick Bufincfs, therefore I defire the 
c Packet may be delivered with all Speed ; for the 
' timely Notice may prevent much Danger. 

Tour Servant, 


In the Packet were three Letters incloied ; one 
directed for the Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, 
another for that of the Commons, and a third for 
the Lord Mayor. The two laft were immediately 
fent as directed, and the firft was read as follows : 
together with a Declaration under the fame Cover. 

F&r the Right Hon. the SPEAKER cf the Houfe of 

My Lord, 

WE do here take away your Jealoufies, 
by giving you a clear Knowledge of our 
Defigns j which if you fhall be pleafed to com-- 
municate to the Houfe of Peers, we hope they 
will find we do not vary from thofe Principles 
and Grounds we have been engaged in, both 
for his Majefty and the Parliament ; which God 
give them Grace fo to think and advife upon it, 
as his Majefty may find his juft Rights, accprd- 
ing to our Covenant and Declarations, and the 
Parliament rife and recover the Dignity due unto 



c unto them, by a fpeedy Way of fettling the Peace An. 24 car. r. 
* of this diftrafted Kingdom. t l6 * 8 ' 

Tour Lord/hip's mo/1 humble Servants, 




The DECLARATION of the Duke of Buckingham, 
the Earls of Holland and Peterborough, and other 
Lords and Gentlemen, now ajjociated for the King 
and Parliament, the Religion, Laws, and Peace 
of his Majejlfs Kingdoms. 

FINDING this Conjuncture to be the proper A Declaration of 
Time when this wearied Kingdom may be their Intentions, 
delivered from thofe Miferies it both hath and 
may apprehend yet to feel by fuch Perfons as are 
ill affected to our Peace ; who at this Time, 
without Authority orCommiffions, difperfe them- 
felves into all Parts to raife Forces, with no 
other Intention but to continue a bloody and in- 
teftine War ; which may prove dangerous to the 
whole Kingdom from the Affiftance they find by 
the Committees of the feveral Counties, who 
have fo abufed their Power and the People by an 
arbitrary Way of Government, as they fhun and 
apprehend nothing more than what we (hall en- 
deavour and feek, Peace and a well-fettled Go- 
vernment : And therefore that the whole King- 
dom may be fatisfied upon what Grounds and 
Principles we go to oppofe and prevent this Mif- 
chief and Danger, we do here declare, That we 
do take up Arms for the King and Parliament, 
Religion and the known Laws, and Peace of all 
his Majefty's Kingdoms ; profeffing before Af- 
mighty God, That we have no other Defign in , 
this Undertaking, but to fee this well and fpee- 
dily eftablifhed ; and will, with Readinefs and 
Joy, lay them down whenfoever God fhall give 
us the Enjoyment of this Bleffing ; profeffing 
that, whatfoever may be our Succeis and Profpe- 
VOL. XVII. T < rity 


An. 24 Car. 1 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

rity in this good Caufe, we {hall not fay by way 
of Menace to the Parliament, that we will ufe 
the Power God hath put into our Hands ; but 
{hall blefs God that he hath made us the Inftru- 
ments to ferve the King, the Parliament and 
Kingdom, in the way of Peace, in a juft and 
equal Compofure between them : And we hope 
the City and Kingdom will well weigh and con- 
fider, whether they may not more reafonably and 
confcionably join with us in thefe pious and peace- 
able Refolutions, than with thofe Forces that 
have, by their Breach of Faith and their Difobe- 
dience, kept up the Sword, when thofe that de- 
livered it into their Hands commanded the laying 
of it down ; which Difobedience hath brought 
this frefh Storm of Blood that is now falling up- 
on this Kingdom, and all thofe Fears and Con- 
fufions that Petitions daily {hew to be in the 
Thoughts and Apprehenfions both of the City 
and the whole Kingdom. We might add fad 
Circumftances that are of late difcovered and 
broken out concerning his Majefty's Perfon, and 
likewife a confufed and levelling Undertaking to 
overthrow Monarchy, and to turn Order, that 
preferves all our Lives and Fortunes, into a wild 
and unlimited Confullon : But we defire not to 
exprefs any Thing with Sharpnefs, fmce our 
End and Purfuit is only Peace ; which {hall ap- 
pear to all the World, whenfoever we may fee 
a Perfonal Treaty fo begun with his Majefty as 
we may expect a happy Conclufion by it j which 
cannot follow but by a Ceflation of Arms, that 
in all Parts of the World hath accompanied thefe 
Treaties, even between the bittereft Enemies, 
Cbrijlians and Turks, much more to be expected 
in thefe our civil Divifions amongft ourfelves ; for 
the Sword fliould not be in Action as long as a 
Treaty of Peace is in Agitation, fince Accidents 
of Hoftility on both Sides will fliarpen and divide 
us rather than clofe and unite us. This we thought 
fit both to defire and to declare, that theDifcourfes 
that may be raifed upon our Actions may not 


*f ENGLAND. 291 

have Power to abufe the Kingdom, as if we did An. 14. Car 
only move in a Way to fet up his Majefty in a ^_ 
Tyrannical Power, rather than in his juft Regal j u]y< 
Government ; the which hath been always found, 
in this Nation, very well confiftent with the due 
Rights and Freedom of Parliament, which we 
do here moil faithfully proteft the endeavouring a 
Prefervation of, and call God to witnefs our Sin- 
cerity in this Intention. 




The Letter to the Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 
mons and to the Lord Mayor, are not entered ia 
the Journals : But in our Collections we find a Copy 
thereof, printed by Royjhn : The former is exact- 
ly the fame as that fent to the Lords, mutatis mu- 
tandis, and the latter runs thus : 

MONS of the City in Common-Council ajjembled. 

HAVING a long Time beheld the fad Ca- And another 
lamities and Miferies of thefe Kingdoms, Letter from them 
and finding no other Means for Redrefs, we are to the cit y ^ 
forced into this Undertaking ; which we delire n a * 
may be rightly underftood of all that are well af- 
feted, efpecially of this City, whofe Actions and 
Endeavours do fufficiently evidence their good 
Affections. To this End we have inclofed a 
brief Account of our Intentions, which we hope 
may give Satisfaction both to you and the whole 
Kingdom, whofe Afliftance, with God's Blefling, 
we deiire no farther than our Defigns are real for 
the Good and Happinefs both of the King, Par- 
liament, and Kingdom, according to our Cove- 

Tour humble Servants, 

T 2 The 



J u 'y- 

Their Attempt 
defeated by the 

292 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

24 Car. I. The foregoing Letters being read in the Houfe 
of Commons, they immediately pafled a Vote, de- 
claring the Duke of Buckingham, the Earls of Hol- 
land and Peterborough, and all that have or fhall 
adhere to them, Traitors and Rebels, as levying 
War againft the Parliament and Kingdom j and 
that they ought to be proceeded againft as fuch : 
Alfo that the Committees in the feveral Counties, 
where any of their Eftates lie, do forthwith pro- 
ceed to the Sequeftration thereof. 

This Attempt in Favour of the King proved 
abortive, the Forces ratfed upon that Occafion be- 
ing totally routed, a few Days after, by Sir Michael 
Livefay and Major Gibbons. The Earl of Holland 
fled to St. Neat's, in Huntingdon/hire, where he 
was taken by Col. Scrape j and being, by Order of 
Parliament, committed to Warwick-Caftle, conti- 
nued a Prifoner till he loft his Head upon the Scaf- 
fold. The Duke of Buckingham and the Earl of 
Peterborough made their Efcape into London, and 
there lay concealed till they found an Opportunity 
of going into Holland, and joining the Prince ot 
Wales.. The Motives to this Infurre&ion, and the 
Particulars of the Defeat, are amply related by the 
Contemporary Hiftorians (*'). 

July 8. The Earl of Lincoln reported the Rea- 
fons for adhering to the Vote of the 30th of Jurit 
laft j which being read were approved of, and or- 
dered to be communicated to the Commons at a 

The Lords Rea- 
fons for not in- 
fjfting on the 
Three Propofi- 
tions previous to 
a Treaty with 
the King. 

REASONS why the LORDS adhere to their former 


i. T^Ecaufc the Condition of the Affairs of the 
D Kingdom, at this Time, will not permit 
Delays, but require all poflible Expedition ; to 
fatisfy the Expectation of the People, who un- 
fatiably thirft after Peace, as it is manifefted by 
feveral Petitions from the City, feveral Counties, 
and the Mariners j whereby it appears they are 

* impatient 

(/) Clarendon, Vol. V. p. IM, 174. Whitlcckt, p. 313. War- 
ck'i Memoirs, p. 315. Lvdltw, Vol. I. p. 155. 

^ENGLAND. 293 

* impatient of Delay of a Perfonal Treaty, which An. 24 Car. I, 
' they have exprefTed to be the only Means to ob- * 6 * 

4 tainaPeace: But this is like to be a dilatory Way, July. " 

* in the Judgment of the Houfe of Lords, if they 
4 fhould defer the Treaty with his Majefty until 
' he hath promifed to pafs thefe three Bills before 
' all other Things are agreed on ; for the King 

* hath often exprefly declared, that he will not con- 
4 fent to any Pre-engagement till all be concluded ; 
4 and therefore it may be well expected that the 
4 fending thefe Proportions, as previous, will beget 
4 a Denial, which muft needs protract Time. 

2. 4 It is againft the Nature of all Treaties be- 
4 twixt Nations, and betwixt Kings and their Sub- 

* jec~rs, for one Party to grant the greateil Part in 

* Controverfy, before he be afTured that the other 
' Party will grant any Thing for his Security and 
4 Satisfaction. 

3. ' It may make a Breach between the two 

* Kingdoms ; for our Brethren of Scotland do in- 
4 fift upon a Perfonal Treaty with his Majefty at 
' fome of his Houfes, where he may be with Ho- 
4 nour, Safety, and Freedom ; that fo both King- 

* doms, jointly, may make their Application to 

* him for a fafe and well-grounded Peace : But 
' there is no Certainty, nor much Probability, of 
' their confenting to defer the Treaty till thefe three 
4 Propofitions be granted ; therefore the Lords hold 
' it beft to proceed according to what they have al- 
' ready agreed on. 

4. 4 That both Houfes thought fit to treat, both 
4 at Uxbridge and Oxford^ without any precedent 
4 Propofitions granted, tho' the King at that Time 
4 was provided with confiderable Forces to balance 
' that of the Parliament, whereas the Cafe is now 
4 far different ; wherefore the Lords think they may 

* better do fo now.' 

* La/lfy, The Lords are unwilling to leave any 
4 Means unattempted for the Procurement of a 
< Settlement of this miferably diftracted Nation ; 
* and therefore the King, having fo often, by his 

* MefTages, reiterated his Defires to be heard that 

T 3 4 he 

ffl jg Parliamentary HISTORY 

< he might give Reafons for what is ftuck at on his 
f Part ; or receive Reafons whereby his Judgment 
c might be convinced, concerning thofe Things de- 
6 manded on the Parliament's Part ; the Lords 

* think that, by their yielding and complying with 
t his Majefty herein, they (hall approve themfelves 

* to God and to the World in fuch Manner, that if 
4 the King ftiould not condefcend to grant fuch 
4 reafonable and juft Demands as (hall appear, to 
' all indifferent and difengaged Perfons, to he ne- 

* ceflary to the breeding of a mutual Confidence 

* betwixt the King and Parliament, it will redound 

* wholly to his own Difadvantage; but the Parlia- 
' ment will have acquitted themfelves in the Dif- 

* charge of their Duty, and manifefted really, as 

* well as verbally, their fincere Defire to obtain 
Peace, which ought to be the End aimed at in all 
1 juft Wars. 

' The Lords defire further, in thefe Things, 

* clearly to be underftood, That though they ad- 
' here to their former Vote of the 30th of June 

* laft; yet their Intentions are, that thefe three 
' Propositions may be firft treated of and agreed 

* upon, as Proportions in the Beginning of this 
' Treaty, to be parted as Acts of Parliament, when 
6 the whole (hall be concluded and agreed upon.' 

The fame Day another Letter from Col. Ham- 
rnond, concerning the Charge againft Major Ralph, 
was read, directed to the Speaker of the Houfe of 

CariJbrooke-Ca/lle, July 4, 1648. 
My Lord, 

Col. Hammond's c 13 EING deeply fenfible of the Reflection upon 
Vindication of ' D me, and divers other innocent Perfons, by 
- him ? lf ^ Uch " ' Mr - OJbornis Proceedings in Excufe of his odi- 

ing the Charge ,_,-' , T <=> . .. 

againft Major c ous Treachery ; 1 am bold to beg of you, that this 
Rolph. * Charge againft Major Ralph may be brought to 

' a fpeedy Examination ; who, I am confident, 
' will appear a Man exceedingly injured, and this 
* only a Defign to work greater Difturbances in 
f thefe diftra<5ted Times. 


^ENGLAND. 295 

* As this horrid* Scandal relates to the Army, I An. 14 Car. I. 
muft fay, that, neither directly nor indirectly, 

from any Member of it, or from any other 
Perfon or Perfons whatfoever, did I ever re- 
ceive a Word or Tittle tending, in the leaft, 
to fuch a wicked Purpofe ; much lefs, as it 
relates to myfelf, could I, or did I, fpeak any 
fuch Thing to Major Ralph. But this is not the 
firft Fruit of this Kind I have received for my 
faithful Service to you, nor is it more than what 
I have expected ; yet herein I am fatisfied, that, 
in Faithfulnefs and Integrity, I have obferved your 
Commands with all poflible Care of, and Refpecl; 
to, the Perfon of the King ; fo that, come what 
will come, I can fay, from a good Confcience, 
the Will of God be done : And in this I appeal 
to his Majefty, who, of any Man, beft knows 
it ; and who doth, and I doubt not will ftill, 
upon every Occafion, as Opportunity ferves, fuf- 
ficicntly clear me. 

* My Lord, if thro* Mr. OJlornis Malice, or ra- 
ther the wicked Deflgn of thofe who have fet him - 
on Work, you have received the leaft Prejudice 
againft me, be pleafed to fend down fome other, 
whom you may judge more worthy of your Truft, 
to receive my Charge j and I fhall immediately, 
with all poflible Speed, prefent myfelf to you to 
receive your Pleafure. In the mean Time it fhall 
be the Bufmefs of my beft Endeavours to preferve 
his Majefty's Perfon from Danger, as well as in 
Security, in this Place, according to your Com- 
mands, until I receive Inftru&ions for his Re- 
moval ; which I hope and expect will be fudden. 

' My Lord, when I am thoroughly confidered, 
you will find none more faithful to you, and more 
obfervant to your Commands, than, 

Tour Lord/hip's mojl bumble Servant, 


July 12. A Petition was prefented to the Lords, 
by Alderman Fowke and others, of a different Ten- 
T 4 dency v 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. dency to any of the foregoing, and wherein the 
1648. j^ing is much more flighted : This we find no 
where but in their Journals. 


A Petition from 
feveral Citizens 
of London, not 
to make Peace 
with the King 
without previous 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS and COMMONS 
in Parliament ajjembled, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers -well-affefied 
Magijlrates, Mini/lers, Citizens, and other In- 
habitants of the City of London, and Parts ad- 


'T' A A T we cannot but take Notice of the 
* many Obftru&ions you have met withall, 
whilft, with indefatigable Care and Diligence, 
you have been earneftly labouring and endeavour- 
ing the Deliverance of the People of this King- 
dom from thofe many and great Invafions made, 
and much more intended, upon Religion and 
Civil Liberties, had not you, afiifted by the Al- 
mighty God, interpofed, for which we cannot 
but render all humble and hearty Thanks ; and 
now finding the fame evil Spirit reviving and 
working much more ftrongly and effectually, 
though much more clofely and cunningly, under 
fpecious Pretences j attempting that by Subtilty, 
which, by the Goodnefs of our God, they could 
not obtain by Power ; ufing fuch Things as an Oc- 
cafion and Means to divide, which, at firft, were 
ordained for uniting of all the godly and honeft 
People of the three Kingdoms upon fafe and juft 
Principles, viz. the Proteftation in May, 1641; 
the Vow in June, 1643 j the Solemn League and 
Covenant in September, 1643 an ^ y ur other fe- 
veral Votes and Declarations to the fame EfFecT: : 
Although your Petitioners do moft heartily defire 
a right Underftanding and an happv Reconcile- 
ment between the King and Parliament, yet it is 
far from the Thoughts of the Petitioners (and 
they hope of many others that have lately, out of 
good Affection, petitioned for a Perfonal Treaty) 
to make ufe of Tumults or Commotions, and 
2 ' Revolts 

of E N G L A N D. 297 

Revolts of Caftles and Ships, thereby engaging An - *4 Car - 
the Kingdom in a new War, or of any other Dif- t * 4 
ficulties the Parliament hath been, or may be, j u , y . 
expofed unto, to precipitate their Councils, or 
to deftroy their Forces that now are, or hereafter 
{hall be, raifed ; being, as the Petitioners con- 
ceive, contrary to the faid Proteftation, Vow, 
and Covenant, as it is alfo calculated to necefli- 
tate the Parliament to a Treaty, before fuch Sa- 
tisfaction and Security be given as may obtain the 
Ends of our former Engagements. 
* Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray, That 
; you will adhere to the faid Proteftation, Vow, 
; and Covenant, and to the conftant Tenor of all 
1 your former Declarations ; and not recede from 
thofe firft and juft Principles, viz. the Safety of 
4 yourfelves, and all that have or {hall adhere to 

* you ; the Reformation and Prefervation of Reli- 
4 gion ; the Maintenance and Defence of our 

* Laws and Liberties which you have openly held 
4 forth to all the World, and by which you have 

* engaged all the honeft and well-affected People 

* of all the three Kingdoms to ferve you, with their 
4 Lives and Eftates ; left you betray yourfelves and 
4 them to the mercilefs Cruelties of thofe that feek 
4 your and their Deftrudtion, and draw the Blood 
4 of many innocent Perfons upon you and yours. 

4 For Prefervation whereof your Petitioners fur- 

* ther humbly defire you will faithfully preierve in 

* the due Execution of your faid juft Undertakings 
4 and Engagements ; and that fuch a Courfe by your 
4 Wifdoms may be taken, for Security and Satif- 

* faction to be given as aforefaid, that neither his 
4 Majefty, nor any other, may have Occafion or 
4 Opportunity of renewing the old or raifing a new 
4 War ; and in fo doing that God, who hath hi- 
4 therto owned you and your Caufe, will afluredly 
4 do fo ftill ; and we your Petitioners, with many 
4 Thoufands, as formerly, fo are ftill ready, in 
4 purfuance of the faid Proteftation, Vow, and Co- 
4 venant, with their Lives and Fortunes, to ad- 

c venture 

298 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 . I. < venture all with you and vour Forces, in this com- 
mon Caufe, againit all Oppofition. 

And we Jhall ever pray, &c. 

This Petition, as the Journal exprefles, was faid 
to be fubfcribed by divers Thoufands, in the Name 
of feveral well-affected Magiftrates, Minifters, Ci- 
tizens, and other Inhabitants of the City of Lon- 
don, and Parts adjacent ; but the Perfons that 
brought it in being withdrawn, the Lords debated 
fome Time on the Queftion, Whether to return 
them Thanks for it, or not ? which was carried in 
the Affirmative ; the Earls of Lincoln and Suffolk, 
and the Lord Hunfdon, entering their DifTent 
againft it. After which the Speaker, by Command 
of the Houfe, returned the following Anfwer : 
The Anfwer gi- ' The Lords have full Confidence of the faithful 
yen to it by the Services and Conftancy of you, who. now have de- 
Lordj, Jivered this Petition ; and have commanded me to 

give you Thanks for your Fidelity to the Parlia- 
ment j and to defire that, in their Names, Thanks 
may be returned to all the reft of the Petitioners, 
for the expreflingof their good Affections and Zeal 
to the Honour and Safety of the Parliament. They 
have further commanded me to aflure you, Thtt 
their Endeavours mail be fo to aft, as that they 
may declare to the whole Kingdom their conftant 
Adherence to their Proteftation, Vow, and Cove- 
nant, in the Maintenance of the Caufe they are 
engaged in, and in the procuring and fettling a fafe 
and well-grounded Peace.' 

But when this Petition was prefented to the 
Commons, they were fo far from any Debate whe- 
ther the Petitioners mould receive Thanks or not, 
that the Speaker, by Order of the Houfe, gave 
them an Anfwer exprefied in the higheft Terms of 
Satisfaction; which, with the Petition, was ordered 
to be forthwith printed and publiihed, as follows : 

An* by the Com- * HP HE Houfe hath received your Petition, and 

mo. ' - taken into their ferious Confideration the 

* Matter thereof: They find it a Petition fur Peace, 



* for Peace indeed : Such a Peace as is purfued by An. 

* this Houfe, and all honeft Men, with Prefervation 
' of Religion, the Laws, and the Liberties of the 

* Subject, in a fqfe and well-grounded Peace, upon 

* the Principles whereon we firft engaged : They 
' look alfo upon the Seafonablenefs of it, at fuch 
4 Time when Men's Spirits, by the Artifice of 
' Malignants, are fo heightened againft the Par- 

* liament, that honeft Men fcarce dare own the 
' former Caufe : And yet, at this Time you dare 
1 juftify your firft Principles : And when there is 
' fcarce Power to imprifon any of our Enemies, 
' that either hath, or doth now engage in this new 

* and bloody Defign, without Tumults and Re- 
' fcues ; and yet now you dare avouch your former 
' Undertakings. 

' The Houfe doth alfo obferve the Quality of 
* the Petitioners ; divers Aldermen, and great Ma- 
4 giftrates of the City of London ; many Reverend 

* Minifters, who have always held clofe to the 
Caufe ; many noble Commanders and Officers, 
* and other the Gentlemen of Birth and Quality, 
' that have lefs valued their Blood, than the Ha- 
' zard and Lofs of fo noble an Undertaking : In 

* which they perceive the Conftancy of your Refo- 
' lutions to the Caufe of the Kingdom, and of your 

* Affection to this Houfe. 

' I am commanded to give you their real and 
' hearty Thanks, and to declare unto you, That 

* they are refolved to adhere to their firft Prin- 

* ciples, and with their Lives and Fortunes main- 
c tain the fame, and all that do adhere to them 

* therein j and alfo do approve of the Petition, and 
' the Matter thereof: And they have further com- 

* manded me to afiure you, That, in compofing 

* of the Peace they are now upon, they will take 
' Care for the Prefervation of Religion, the Laws, 
' and the Liberties of all thofe that have or fhall 

* adhere and remain conftant to thefe Ends.' 

The fame Day a MefTage came up to the Lords 
from the other Houfe, along with a Letter from 


OQO 3%e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. ! Major- General Lambert ', in which was inclofed 
* 6 4- 8 - another from the Duke of Hamilton ; the Purport 
* Tj ' of which were as follows : And firft the Duke's. 

Noble Sir, Annan^ July 6, 1648. 

The Duke of < "" j""HE Parliament of the Kingdom of Scotland^ 
"rT^Geneir ' * u P on the Confideration of the great Dan- 
Lambert, upon ' ger imminent to Religion, his Majefty's Sacred 
the scots Army's Perfon, and the Peace of his Kingdoms, from 
England? ^ * the Prevailing Power of Sectaries and their Ad- 

* herents in England^ did lately fend to the Ho- 
' nourable Houfes of Parliament fuch Demands as 
c they conceived jurr. and neceflary ; whereunto 
4 not receiving any fatisfadlory Anfwer, and find- 
' ing their Dangers ftill increafing by great Forces 
6 drawn together upon their Borders, the Com- 
' mittee of Eftates of Parliament have thought fit 

* to Jay their Commands upon me, with fuch other 

* noble Perfons as they have joined with me in this 

* their Service, for profecuting their juft Defires, in 

* purfuance of the Ends of the Covenant, according 
c to the ioint Declaration of both Kingdoms of the 
" 6th of January, 164-?, for fettling of Religion ; li- 

* berating his Majefty from his bafe Imprifonment; 

* freeing the Honourable Houfes from fuch Re- 
i ftraint by Forces which have been long upon 

* them ; difbanding all Armies, whereby the Sub- 

* jeers may be freed from the intolerable Burthen 

* of Taxes and free Quarter, which they have fo 

* long groaned under ; and for procuring the fettling 

* of a folid Peace and firm Union betwixt the two 

* Kingdoms under his Majefty's Government. 

' Thefe being the true Intentions and Defires of 
c the Kingdom of Scotland^ who will moft faith- 

* fully obierve, on their Parts, their Engagement 
' by Covenant and Treaties to their Brethren of 

* England ; I expecl therefore you will not oppofe 

* this pious, loyal, and neceflary Undertaking ; but 
gather join with them and me in the Profecution 

* of thofe Ends. 

4 I (hall defire that the Bearer, the Trumpeter, 
c may not be Jong kept ; but returning with your 

* prefent. 

of E N G L A N D. 301 

prefent pofitive Anfwer* that accordingly I may An - *4 Car. 
* move as I am commanded. I am, t * 4 ' 

'SIR, Jtily * 

Your humble Servant, 


To his Excellency JAMES Duke of HAMILTON and 
CHASTLEHERAULT, &c. General of all the Scots 
Forces by Sea and Land. 

My Lord, CaJlle-Sowerby, July 8, 1648. 

IHave received a Letter from your Excellency, Genera i Lam . 
by your Trumpeter, which mentions that the bert's Anfwer, 
Parliament of Scotland having, upon Confidera- 
tion of the Danger to Religion, his Majefty's 
Perfon, and Kingdoms, by Sectaries in England, 
addrefled themfelves to the Parliament of England 
for Redrefs, they have not received a fatisfaclory 
Anfwer therein* To this, my Lord, I (hall not 
take upon me to give any Anfwer, feeing their 
late Ordinances concerning the Settlement of 
Religion, their fundry Addrefles and Proportions 
tendered to his Majefty, in order to the Peace 
and Well-being of this Kingdom, arc publifhed 
and laid open to the View of the World j all 
which, I doubt not, are well known to your Ex- 

' To what your Lordfhip mentions concerning 
the Increafe of Danger, by the drawing of fome 
Forces upon the Borders of Scotland, I can more 
fully anfwcr; having the Charge and Conduct 
thereof, by Commiffion from his Excellency the 
Lord Fairfax^ and I have his pofitive Command to 
be moil tender in acting any Thing which might 
give any feeming Occafion of Offence to our Bre- 
thren of Scotland: Thefe Commands I can confi- 
dently fay I have hitherto moft cautioufly and 
punctually obferved ; and further, that I do believe 
that it never entered into the Parliament's, or his 
ExcelJeiM :y'? Thoughts, to act any Thing preju- 

' dicial 


An. 24. Car. I. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

dicial or harmful to the Kingdom of Scotland-, and 
what the true Reafons are which did occafion the 
drawing thefe Forces fo near the Borders I {hall 
not need to mention, all Men knowing it to be for 
the fuppreffing of Sir Marmaduke Langdale and his 
Adherents, many of whom are Papifts and grand 
Delinquents, and are lately rifen in Rebellion 
againft the Parliament ; and have ever been, and 
ftill are, notorious Oppofers of the Ends of the 
Covenant, according to the joint Declaration of 
both Kingdoms of the 6th of January, 164!, for 
fettling of Religion, his Majefty in his due Rights 
and Prerogatives, and for the procuring of a firm 
Peace a/id Union betwixt both Nations. 
* For what your Lordfhip mentions for the free- 
ing the Honourable Houfes from Reftraint of 
Forces lying upon them; I cannot but wonder at 
their Artifice who have fo cunningly fuggefted 
thefe Things to the Parliament of Scotland, as to 
pofTefs them with the Belief thereof; feeing it is 
apparent to all Men that th.e Parliament fits and 
votes free ; and no vifible Force in this Kingdom 
acts any Thing but by their immediate Com- 
mand, except thofe Malignants and fome few 
of their Adherents formerly mentioned. And for 
yourLordfhip's further Satisfaction in this, I know 
no furer Way to underftand the Truth than by an 
Anfwer from the Parliament, which I doubt not 
but you will readily receive. I (hould trouble 
yourLordfliip too much, if I fhould only briefly 
run over their Labours for the difbanding of all 
Forces, except fuch as they did judge neceflary 
for the Kingdom's and their own Defence ; as 
alfo their Zeal for freeing the Subjects from un- 
neceflary Taxes and free Quarter, which I per- 
fuade myfelf your Lordfhip cannot but, in fome 
Meafure, have heard of before this Time ; and 
therefore I (hall ftill, in Satisfaction to your Lord- 
(hips Expectation, Tl)at I /hould not oppofe the 
Committee of Eft aits in their pious, loyal, and ne- 
ceffary Undertakings, anfwer, that I conceive their 
Refolutions are wholly grounded upon Miftakes ; 

' defiring 

of E N G L A N D. 303 

* defiring you to confider whether alfo not contra- An - 24 Car I- 

* ry to the Covenant : And I muft, in Profecution t * 6 * 8 ' f 

* of the Truft repofed in me, to the uttermoft of ^j 

* my Power, oppofe all Forces whatfoever, either 
' raifed or brought into this Kingdom, except thofe 

* by Authority and Command of the Parliament of 

* England ; in which I hope your Lordfhip will not 
4 oppofe, but rather affift me, if the Parliament of 

* England (hall defire it. 

4 I have, according to your Excellency's Defire, 

* returned your Trumpeter as fpeedily as I could 

* difpatch him ; and doubt not but, upon yourLord- 

* fhip's AddrefTes to the Parliament of England^ 

* you may receive more ample Satisfaction herein ; 

* and, in the mean Time, this is tendered to your 

* Lordfhip as an Anfwer from, 

My Lord, 
Tour Lordjhip's mojl bumble Servant, 


July 13. A Meflage was fent from the Houfe of 
Commons to the Lords, defiring their Concurrence 
in an Order for appointing the next enfuing Wed- 
nefday to be obferved as a Day of Thankfgiving for 
the many Victories God had lately given to the 
Parliament's Forces ; and to the following Decla- 
ration concerning the Revolt of the Fleet. To 
both which they agreed. 

A DECLARATION abcut the rtvoltejl Ships, 

\ T cannot be unknown unto all Men, that the The Parliament'. 

I /"> i XT TT-- Declaration, ot- 

Commerce and Navigation of this Kingdom f er in g an indem- 
hath been, by the Blefling of God, an efpecial nity to the re- 
Means of the Honour and Greatnefs of the Eng- hed Scamen - 
lijh Seamen ; and that the Courage, Induftry, 
and Fidelity of the English Seamen and Mari- 
ners, hath been a principal Means for the In- 
crcafe of the Trade and Commerce of this King- 

4 dom 

304 J% e Parliamentary HISTORY 

ZA Car. I- * dom in all the Parts of the World ; the Confi- 

1648. < deration whereof hath caufed both Houfes of 

v j ' Parliament to have an efpecial Care unto the 

* y ' ' Royal Navy, by building many Ships and Fri- 

c gates, and fetting forth and maintaining Fleets ; 

* expending in that Service the whole Revenue of 
' the Cuftoms, (the greateft Part whereof, in for- 

* mer Times was diverted to other Ufes) befides 
' other vaft Sums of Money laid out in that Action j 
' and for the better Encouragement of fuch Mari* 
4 ners as were employed in the Service of the 

* State, they have much advanced their Pay above 

* that which it was formerly; and at the coming in 
' of the Fleet have fo carefully provided for them, 
' that they were not difcharged from Boarding, Vic- 
' tuals, and Wages, until their Monies were duly 
' paid them ; hoping that, by thefe and many other 
Encouragements upon all Occafions, they would 
' have approved themfelves faithful to the King- 
' dom, in the Difcharge of the Truft repofed in 

* them ; but, contrary hereunto, the Mariners of 
' feveral Royal Ships, fet forth in this laft Sum- 
' mer's Fleet, being feduced by the cunning Infinu- 

* ation of fome Men ill-affected to the Peace of this 
' Kingdom, have treacheroufly revolted from 
' their Duty, and do ftill perfift in their Difobe- 
' dience ; by which horrid and deteftable Act, in 
' Breach of their Truft, they have much blemilh- 
' ed the Honour and Credit of the Navigation and 
4 Mariners of this Kingdom ; and, as much as in 
' them lay, betrayed the public Intereft and Li- 
' berties thereof, and retarded thofe Ends of an 

* happy Peace which the Parliament have ever pur- 
c fued, and now are more efpecially employed in : 

* And although both Houfes of Parliament have, 
' after an Act of Indemnity already offered, good 

* Reafons to proceed to the reducing of them by 
' Force j yet, to the end it may appear that the 

* Parliament do, as much as in them lies, feek to 
' prevent the Effufion of Blood, the faid Lords and 
' Commons do hereby offer and declare, That if 



the Seamen j Officers, and Cominiffioners aboafd An 
the Ships (hall, within twenty Days after Publi- 
cation hereof, or forthwith upon Notice given 
them by the Lord-Admiral, or fuch other Per- 
fon or Perfons as he {hall appoint, render them- 
felves, and the Ships wherein they are, to the 
Parliament's Obedience, and bring them into 
fome Port under the Command of the Parlia- 
ment* the Perfons fo fubmitting fhall be indem- 
nified in their Perfons and Eftates; any former 
Act of theirs notwithstanding : But if they fnall ^ 
after the faid Time prefixed is expired, perfift ftill 
in their Difobediencej then the Houfe will pro- 
ceed to the reducing them by Force, and doubt 
not of a good S need's by the BleiTing of Almighty 
God ; hoping that every true-hearted Englifiimaii 
will contribute his utmoft Affiftance to this great 
Work, efpecially the Merchants and Owners of 
Ships, they being principally interefted in the 
Confequences thereof, it being to be expected 
that the Revolters will endeavour to maintain 
their Defection by Rapine and Violence : And 
for the Encouragement of Seamen to engage 
themfelves herein, the Lords and Commons do 
promife and declare, That fuch Seamen as fhall 
fo engage, and ufe their beft Endeavours in fo 
honourable a Work, fhall have two Months 
Wages extraordinary duly paid them as foon as 
the faid Ships (hall be, by them, reduced and 
brought into Port : And it is laftly decjared, 
That not only the Perfons aboard the faid Ships, 
who fhall, notwithftanciing this Offer of Indem- 
nity, ftand out, but allb all others the Subjects 
of this Kingdom, and others whatfoever, who 
fhall hereafter join with, aflift, lupply, or any 
way adhere to them, fhall be dealt with and pro- 
ceeded againft as Traitors and Enemies to the 
Kingdom, and their Eftates confifcated ; and for 
the Miferies that fhall enfue they will ftand charg- 
ed with the fame as guilty of them, and Author^ 
of that Ruin which will attend them and their 
VOL. XVII. U July 

*Ihe Parliamentary M i s T o R V 

An. 24 Car. I. July 14. A Letter being read in the Houfe of 
Commons from Major-General Lambert at Pen- 
rith,. fignifying that an Army of Scots were come 
into England under the Duke of Hamilton, who ar- 
rived at Carlijle the 8th of this Month, and that his 
Forces were now lying about IVigton, in Cumber- 
land ; the Houfe refolved, That the Forces fo come 
out of Scotland into England in a hoftile Manner, 
[under the Command of the Duke of Hamilton (k}~] be- 
ing without the Authority of the Parliament of 
England, are Enemies to this Kingdom ; and that 
all Perfons of the Eng r ijb or Irljh Nation that join 
with, or adhere unto, or voluntarily aid or aflifl 
them, are Rebels and Traitors ; and fhall be pro- 

The commont ceeded againft as fuch. Thus the Refolution 

Army undertfie ftands in the Commons Journals : But a Member of 
Duke of Hamil- this Parliament writes (/), That the Queftion was at 
tontobeTrai. firft propofed, That all fuch Scots as are, or /hall, 
come, eft. and that upon Debate the Words or 
jhall were left out upon this Confideration, ' That 
the' Marquis of Argyle might haply come into Eng- 
land with a Party, and fall upon the Duke of //#- 
milton in his Rear.' Our Author adds, * That 
Mr. Weaver affirmed in the Houfe, upon this Oc- 
cafion, That the Scots Invafion under the Duke of 
Hamilton, the Defigns at Colchefter, and that of 
the Earl of Holland, were all begun and carried on 
in the City of London. This he ftyles a frefh 
Charge of the Independents againft the City, 
when the Army fhould be at Leifure to make Ufe 
of it.' 

July 1 8. Two more Petitions were prefented to 
the Lords, but of a different Nature from the laft : 
That from the Watermen, is the moft pathetic 
we have yet met with, and very expreflive in the 
King's Favour. The Lords Anfwers to thefe and 
the foregoing both ftiew, that they thought them- 
felves obliged to ufe all Parties with Civility. 

(/&) On the zoth of July the Refolution againft the Scott 
what foftened by this Addition. 
(/) Walker's Bi/lwy of Independency, p, jai. 


ef ENGLAND, 307 

To the Riht Honourable the LORDS in Parliament An - *4 Car. l t 

longing to the River of Thames^ 


THAT the Petitioners, being in Fraternity A Petition froiH 
above 2000 Perfons, are all undone and the Watermen 
like to psrifh by Reafon of his Majefty's Abfence on Thames < 
from us ; he being kept away, notwithstanding 
his many former gracious Offers ; and therefore, 
having an Intereft both in his Perfon and Go- 
vernment, we cannot do lefs than humbly be- 
feech your Honours fpeedily and really to invite 
him to London, with Honour, Freedom, and 

And your Petitioners Jhall pray, &c. 

The Petitioners were called in again and an-> 
fwered by the Speaker, * That the Lords have not 
' been wanting in their Endeavours to bring his 
* Majefty to treat at London, and (hall ftill conti- 
' nue to do what in them lies for the procuring a 
' fpeedy fettling of thefe unhappy Diftrations.' 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS in Parliament 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers well-affefled /- 
habitants of the City of Weftminfter^ Hamlets of 
the Tower, Borough of Southwark, and Parts 
adjacent within the Weekly Bills of Mortality, 


HP H A T your Petitioners, notwithftanding An j tte tnhabl- 
their grievous Sufferings and heart-break- tants of Weft- 
inp- Fears of utter Ruin to all that is precious in '/* Sou th- 

u r n /!_ IT" J L L wark, &c. for t 

this fometime flourilhing Kingdom, by the con- p er f nai Treaty* 
tinued, nay encreafing, DiftraiStions thereof, can- 
not but look on your prefent Refolutions of a 
Perfonal Treaty with the King's Majefty as a 
U 2 Door 

30$ *Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

Door of Hope opened by the God of Salvation for 
the Cure of our, otherwife remedilefs and all-- 1 
deftroying, Diftemp'ers , and as they give you 
hearty and humble Thanks for your Votes and 
Refolutions already palled to that Purpofe, fo 
they cannot but as Engttjbmen t nay, Chriftians, 
humbly and earneftly beg your Lordfhips fpeedy 
and effectual Progrefs therein, until the great 
Creator of the Ends of the Earth create a happy 
Peace to this now mifcrably tofTed and afflicted 

' And whereas the Ri^ht Honourable the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of 
the City of London have, in order to the faid 
Perfonal Treaty, made feveral late Addrefles to 
the Right Honourable the Houfes of Parliament; 
offering their utmoft Endeavours, both of Eftate 
and Life, for fecuring of his Royal Majefty and 
both Houfes of Parliament, from all Force and 
Tumults impeding or difturbing the faid Treaty; 
and defiring, in order thereunto, that the Militia 
of the Out-parts may be united to and with the 
faid City of London, as it was conftantly, during 
our faid Troubles, with very good Succefs and 
Advantage to the public Safety, fixed till of late : 
' Your Petitioners, in Concurrence with the faid 
Engagement and Defires of the Honourable City 
of London^ do humbly pray that the faid Per- 
fonal Treaty may be haftened ; the Militia of the 
Out-parts united with the faid City, and the Com- 
mand thereof veiled in the Hands of fuch Per- 
fons only as are cordial to the Ends of the Pro- 
teftation, Solemn League and Covenant; which 
we humbly conceive may beft tend to the Prefer- 
vation of his Majefly's Royal Perfon and both 
Houfes of Parliament, in their fettling a fafe and 
well-grounded Peace by this fo much defired 
Treaty. ' 

And your Petitioners jhll pray ', &c. 

The Petitioners being called in again, Anfwer 
was returned by the Speaker, as follows ; 

! <The 

^ENGLAND. 309 

* The Lords return you Thanks for the Expref- An - 2 4 Car. r. 
fions of your good Affections and Zeal for the 
public Peace of this Kingdom : They have further 
commanded me to let you know, that they fhall 
improve their beft Endeavours in Anfwer to your 
Defires contained in the fcveral Particulars of your 
Petition ; nothing being more in their Care than 
the Reftoring of the Peace and Happinefs, and the 
Eftablifhment of the Fundamental Government, 
of this now diftracled and divided Kingdom.' 

The fame Day the Commons fent up a Meflage The Lords ref.ife 
to the Lords, with their Refolution of the I4th, their Ccncur- 
' That the Scots, now come into England in an holtile rsnce j n <-he vote 

T\JT T- i -rr- i ^ r* , azamit the Scots 

Adanner, were Enemies to the Kingdom of England, Army, 
and that all fuch Rnglifh and Irijb who join them are 
Traitors.' This Refolution occafioned a very warm 
Debate in the Houfe of Lords, which ended in a 
Divifion on two Queftions : The firft, Whether 
the Confederation of this Matter ftiould be deferred 
for fome Days ? The next, Whether to agree to 
the Refolution ? and both patted in the Negative. 
The "Journal mentions, That fome Lords, before 
the putting of the lair. Queftion, afked Leave to 
enter their Diflent, if it was carried as;ainft them, 
which was granted : But, for what Reafon we 
know not, their Names are intirely omitted. 

July 20, The Commons pafljd a Refolution, The Corr.mons 
declaring all fuch Perfons of this Kingdom that declare all fuch 
had invited the Army of the Scots, now come into f be T " itors M 
England under the Duke of Hamilton, or had af- mv 
fifted that Army, to be Traitors, and that they 
fhould be proceeded againft as fuch; which Vote 
they immediately fent up to the Lords for their 

The Occafion of pafling this Vote is thus fet 
down by Mr, Walker (m] : ' The Speaker informed 
the Houfe, That Major-General Lambert having 
flopped one Mr. Haliburton, a Scots Gentleman, in. 
pafling through his Quarters with Letters from the 
U 3 Duke 

(w) HiJIory of Independency, p. ui. 

3 TO The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. Duke of Hamilton to the two Houfes and the King, 
.1648. ne f oun d upon him divers private Letters, for carry- 
^ ,^ ' ing of which he had no public Authority ; and there- 
fore Lambert made bold to feal thofe private Let- 
ters in a Packet by themfelves, with his own Seal 
and Mr. Haliburtsns ; and Lambert had fent up 
Mr. Haliburton v/ith Lieutenant-Colonel OJborne t 
a godly Scots Gentleman, and another Keeper, in 
Nature of a Prifoner. Mr. OJL'orne delivered that 
private Packet to the Speaker; fo a Committee was 
named to perufe the fame. Mr. Ofborne was then 
called in to fpeak what he knew of this Matter, 
who declared at the Bar, That the godly Party in 
Scotland were opprefied, and trodden under Foot, 
by the Duke of Hamilton's Party ; that their very 
Souls were afflicTx-d at his Proceedings ; that the 
Kirk of Scotland^ with one Mouth, proclaimed to 
their Faces their Engagement, and the Proceedings 
thereupon, to be damnable and deftrudlive : He alfo 
defired the Houfe not to look upon thofe Proceed- 
ings as the Act of the Nation of Scotland^ fmce 
there were a' great many godly Men who hoped 
the Lord would enable them, in his good Time, 
to march into England with the Marquis of Argyl^ 
and fall upon the Rear of the Duke of Hamilton 
with a Diverfion. He reported the Scots that 
came in to be but 8000 Horfe and Foot, and Lang- 
dale bu-t 2COO. Then were read the Letters of the 
Duke of Hamilton, wherein he complained that no 
Anfwer had been given to the Parliament of Scot~ 
land's juft Delires of the 26th of J^riVlaft; that 
by Authority of the Scots Parliament he was necef- 
fitated to come into England according to the Co- 
venant, and not without the Invitation of divers 
\vell-affected Englifo who had taken the Covenant. 
There was a Declaration inclofed in the Letters, 
but the prevailing Party obftrucled the Reading of 
it ; and then the Queftion being put for declaring 
all fuch Perfons Traitors who had invited the Sects 
Army under the Duke of Hamilton to come into 
England, it patted in the Affirmative.' 



The fame Day the Earl of Manchefter prefented A 
to the Houfe cf Lords a Better from the Earl of 
Nottingham at Edinburgh^ inclofmg 

A P A P E R from the Committee of Eftates of Scot- 
land, cf the 8tb of July, to the CommiJ/ioners of 
England, in Anfwer to feme of their former 

Edinburgh^ July 8, 1648. 

' \T7 E the Committee of Eftates of the Par- ^ 
' W liament of the Kingdom of Scotland^ do n ,,^ u . ^,.av, 
' return this Anfwer to your Lordftiips Paper of ex P re ^' n s their 
c the iyth and 22d of June: That altho' our Com- 

* miffioners at London did often, for fome Months oTthe 

' together, after the Return of our Army out of Parliament. 
' England^ attend without any Anfwer to their Pa- 
' pers, and thejuft Deiires of this Kingdom; and 
6 at feveral Times, for many Days, could obtain 
' no Hearing ; yet the Parliament, notwithftand- 

* ing of their important Bufmefs, and that this laft 
' Seffion was very fhort, did always, immediately 
' after the Receipt of your Lordfhips Letters and 

* Papers, read them ; and returned fuch Anfwers 

* as they conceived ought to fatisfy, and particu- 
' larly to your Defires concerning Berwick and 
e Carlijlg) as likewife to that Engagement which 
' you were pleafed to offer, upon the Advance of 
' the Army under the Command of the Lord Fair- 
1 fax) into the North of England towards our Bor- 
' der ; which therefore we fliall not here repeat. 

' The Parliament alfo, upon Confideration of 

* the great Dangers threatening Religion, his Ma- 
' jefty's Perfon and Authority, yea, Monarchy itr 
4 ie!f, and the Peace and Huppinefs of thefc King- 
c do. MS, ftriclly united by Covenant, Treaties, and 
' fo many near Relations, did, upon the 26th of 

* y//>r;7 lad, fend fuch Demands to the Houies of 

* the Parliament of England, as they conceived to 

* bejuft and necefTary ; to which they did, upon 

* the 1 5th Day of May, return a very general An- 
' fwer, relating to a more particular Satisfaction, 
' to be expected from your Lordlhips. And the 

U 4 ' Committee 

3 1 2 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < Committee of Eftates did, on the 23d Day of 

, lM " , May laft, defire to know if your Lordfhips had 

July. * received any further Inftru&ions for fatisfying the 

* Defires of this Kingdom : To which your Lord- 
' {hips anfwered, That as yet you had not received 
t any\ neither have we, fmce that Time, heard any 

* Thing concerning the faid Defires from your 
' Lordfhips ; which we cannot but look upon as a 

* great Contempt and Ncglccl: of this Kingdom, 

* and an Evidence of no great Forwardnefs or In- 
' clination towards a Peace or Settlement, or Re- 
' foluiion to entertain that Amity and good Ccr- 

* refpondcnce betwixt the Nations, which we, by 

* Treaties, Meflages, and all imaginable Means, 
.* have ftill ftudied to preferve : And, had a fatisfac- 

* torv Anfwer been returned to thefe our neceflary 
' Dcfires, all the Inconveniences which hereafter 
f mayenfue, would probably have been prevented, 

, ' which we have ftill fmce that Time patiently ex- 

' petted, and aclcd nothing as to an Engagement, 
' in Hopes thereof: But finding the Dangers to all 
' that is deareft to us ftill increafmg ; no Satisfac- 

* tion, nor fo much as an Anfwer offered to thefe 

* our juft and nccefTary Defires ; no Security to Re- 

* ligion, but rather a greater Danger thereunto from 
' the Three Propofitions now communicated unto 
' us ; no Hope of Safety or Freedom thereby to 
4 his Majefty's Perfon, and as little of Freedom to 

* the Honourable Houfes of the Parliament, Eafe 
' to the oppreiled Subjects of England, or Security 

* to either Nation ; we have therefore refolved to 

* purfue our Duties in order to all thefe, as Chrifti- 

* ans, as Subjects, and as Brethren icined together 

* in Covenant, upon the Grounds contained in the 
' inclofed Declaration ; which we defire your 
? Lordfhips would be pleafed to communicate to 
f the Honourable Houfes (w). 

By Command of tbt Committee of the EJlates cf 


() To this Paper the Frglijb Corrn^iflloncrs returneJ n 
|p r'tgwd the iVc/j AririV hau then invaded England* 


of ENGLAND. 313 

The foregoing Paper, and the Declaration men- An. 24. Car. I. 
tioned to be inclofed therein, was read, as were 
alfo the Defires of the Parliament of Scotland of 
the 26th of April laft, which had been prefented 
to the Parliament on the 2d of May(o}. Then the 
Vote fent up this Day from the Commons, declar- Whereupon the 
ins ' That all fuch Perfons of this Kingdom, who L L ords &**&<* to 

e . a A r ; 7 j the ^ ote ot the 

have invited the Scots Army now m England, under commons a- 
the Command of the Duke of Hamilton, to come gainft fuch as in- 
into this Kingdom, or have afiifted that Army, are vited the Scots 
Traitors, and fhall be proceeded againft as fuch,' rmy * 
was alfo read. And the Queftion being put, Whe- 
ther to agree to this Vote ? it pafled in the Ne- 
gative : But the Earls of Pembroke, Salijbury, and 
Mulgrave, the Lord Vifcount Say and Sele, and 
the Lord Howard of EJkricke, entered their Dif- 

It was then ordered that a Meflage be fent to 
the Commons, to defire that the Committee for- 
merly appointed to confider of a Peace with the 
King, ihould meet at Three this Afternoon, to 
review the Declaration from the Committee of 
Eftates of the Kingdom of Scotland, and alfo their 
Defires of the 26th of April laft ; likewife to find 
out fome Expedient, that the Treaty between the 
King and Parliament may be fpeeded, and that 
Care might be taken to prevent the cafting the two 
Kingdoms into War and Bioodftied. The Lords And order the 
alfo refolved, That the Scots Declaration fhould ,if 

... T_i*/i_ j incir iveaions toe 

be printed and publuhed. returning into 

The Contemporary Hiftorian laft cited ob- En g land > to be 
ferves, That though, when the Commons pafled pnntcdt 
the Vote againft fuch as invited the Scots, without 
fuffering the Declaration from the Committee of 
Eftates of that Kingdom to be then read ; yet, after 
the Lords had ordered it to be printed, the Com- 
mons allowed it a Reading in their Houfe. A Cir- 
cumftance v/hich ftands confirmed by the Journals 
of the 21 ft and 22d of this Month. 

This Declaration, which is a Recapitulation of 
ali the Proceedings of the Engltjh Parliament fince 

(p) ee before in this Vdume, p, 125. 

314 ffl> e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. the Independent Party and the Army gave the Rule 

1648. there, is exprefled in very high Terms, and de T 

^ ~ "* mands our Attention : We (hall therefore give it at 

large from the Original Edition (<?). Mr. Whitlocke 

and Mr. Rujhworth mention this Declaration: But 

we do not find it printed in thofe or any other of 

the Contemporary Hiftorians. 

A DECLARATION of the Committee of the EJlates 
of the Parliament of Scotland 'to the Honourable 
ffoufes of the Parliament^ and to all their Brethren 
of England, concerning the NeceJJity^ Grounds, 
and Ends of their Engagement ; and of the Return 
of the Scots Army into England. 

A FTER fo long Continuance of the fad Cala- 
"^ mities that have almoft wafted thefe three 
Kingdoms, and the uninterrupted Endeavours of 
this Nation to have all the Caufes of them remo- 
ved, we cannot poflibly exprefs with what Grief 
of Soul we find them ftill more likely to be in- 
creafed than diminimed j neither did any Part 
of our former Sufferings more deeply afflict us, 
than again to be necefiitated to Expreffions and 
Actions, that, by fome, will rather be looked 
upon as Incentives of new Troubles, than Means 
to quiet and calm the prefent Diftempers : 
Wherefore we have thought fit to offer this en- 
fuing Declaration to the Honourable Houfes of 
the Parliament, and to our Brethren of England^ 
for Satisfaction of all religious, loyal, and honeft 
Men, That Heaven and Earth may bear Wit- 
nefs with us of the Neceffity of our Engagement 
and Undertaking at this Time, and of the Candor 
of our Intentions and Refolutions. 
e After that, by the Bleffing of God upon the 
Endeavours of this Nation, and their Armies at 
home and in England, in two feveral Expeditions, 
a happy Peace was fettled, Religion and the juft 

' Liberties 

(f ) Printed at Edinburgh, by Evan Tyler ; on the Back of the 
Title- Page whereof are thefe Words, God fa-ve the King. The Edi- 
tion printed at Lor.dsn, by Robert Boftock, is an waft Copy, except 
ia thi s Circumftance. 


' Liberties of this Kingdom eftablifhed, a Parlia- An 

* ment called in England^ and great Progrefs made 
4 towards the Redrefs of all Grievances, and re- 

* forming Abufes both in Church and State, it 

* pleafed God again to call us to new Troubles ; 

* for the Differences betwixt the King and Parlia- 
' ment being increafed and heightned into a bloody 

* War ; the. many Addreffcs of this Kingdom to 
' his Majefty and the two Houfes, for an amicable 
4 Compofure of Differences, having proved fruitlefs 
4 and ineffectual; and the Parliament reduced to a 
' low Condition ; this Kingdom was invited to the 

* Affiftance of their Brethren, large Profeffions by 

* them were made of their Defires of Unity and 
4 Uniformity in Religion, of a nearer Conjunction 

* with this Kingdom ; and the Dangers were fully 

* reprefented to us of a prevailing Party in England^ 
4 different from us in Religion and Church-Go- 
4 vernment. 

4 It was then acknowledged, That the fame 
4 Fate in Religion attended both ; and (becaufe it 
4 was well known that, although unhappy Dif- 
4 ferenc-s had arifen betwixt his Majefty and his 
4 Subjects in that Kingdom, yet Scotland could 
4 never be drawn into any Action againft his Ma- 
4 jefty, or that Fidelity and Subjection which they 
4 owe to him and his Pofterity;) large Profeffions 
4 were therefore made, by the two Houfes, of their 
4 Loyalty to the King, whofe Greatnefs and Au- 
4 thority they profeffed they never intended to di- 
4 minim, as may more fully appear in their feveral 
4 Declarations ; Commiffioners were fent into this 
4 Kingdom, Invitations renewed, a Treaty made, 
4 and a Covenant folemnly fworn and figned, for 
4 Reformation and Defence of Religion, the Ho- 

* nour and Happinefs of the King, and the Peace 

* and Safety of the Kingdoms. 

4 Thus both Kingdoms were equally and mu- 
4 tually engaged ; and, in purfuance of that Cove- 
4 nant and Treaty, an Army marched into Eng~ 
4 land in the hardeft Seafon ; and both Kingdoms, 
4 in their joint Declaration, Jan. 6, 164^., obliged 
5 4 them- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

themfelves, and decreed, never to lay down Arms 
till Truth and Peace, by the Bleffing of God, 
4 were fettled in this Ifland upon a firm Founda- 
' tion, for the prefent and future Generations. 

* Although we (hall not mention what Succefs 
4 that Army had, what Blood they loft both in 
4 Scotland and England, what Hardihips they en- 
4 dured, and how much this Kingdom was there- 
4 by impoverished ; yet we cannot but remember 
4 how that, by the Blefling of God upon the joint 

* Councils and Forces of both Kingdoms, the two 

* Houfes of Parliament were recovered into a Con- 
4 dition of making good thofe Engagements ; and 
4 with what Unity both Kingdoms proceeded to- 

* wards attaining of thofe Ends, until that Party 

* in the Houfes, who fmce have declared them- 

* felves Independents j(who feemed moft forward 

* in engaging of this Kingdom, and at firft profef- 

* fed greateft Care of our Army) had attained to 
4 Power, difcovered their Intention, and interrupt- 
4 cd all thofe fair Beginnings : They created and 
4 fomented Jealoufies againft the Scots ; and, by 

* their Influence on the Houfes, cafhiered all , in 
' England by Sea and J_/and, how eminent, how 
4 faithful foever, that they could not confide in ; 
4 and, by the Succefs of their new-modelled Army, 
4 (for the moft Part Sectaries) they engrofled all 
4 Power, Military and Civil, into their own and 
4 their Creatures Hands. The Propofitions for- 
4 merly agreed on by both Kingdoms, and treated 
4 on at Uxbridge, were altered ; yet this Kingdom 
4 was content fo far to deny themfelves and their 
4 own Interefts, as to wave the Propofitions moft 
4 advantageous to Scotland; and, for witneffing their 
4 Defires of Peace, to join in thofe framed by the 
4 two Houfes where the Independents had got fuch 
4 a Power. 

4 And for the greateft Tcftimony of our Con- 
4 fidence in the Honourable Houfes of Parliament, 

* (notwithftandino; the many Injuries and Difcou- 
4 ragements received in England^ from the then 
4 and ftill prevailing Party in the Englifn Army 

* and 

^ENGLAND. 317 

and their Abetters, who were grown Anti-Cove- An, 24. Car. I. 
na'nters, and threatned a Difappointment of all the 
Ends of the Covenant; yet, upon the public Faith 
of the two Houfes given to us, for the Preferva- 
tion and Safety of his Majefty's facred Perfon, 
and of making joint Addreffes to his Majefty for 
fettling a fafe and well-grounded Peace, and free 
Accefs of all employed by this Kingdom to his^ 
Majefty) the Annies of Scotland returned from 
England, and left the King with the Englijh 
Commifiioners ; moft of our Army were imme- 
diately thereafter difbanded ; and no more kept on 
Foot but fo many as were neceilary for reducing 
fome Scots Rebels and Irljb Subjects of the Crown 
of England * whom, by the Large Treaty, Eng- 
land was bound to reduce. 

' We expected that the like Courfe would have 
been taken for difbanding the Armies in England^ 
and none kept on Foot but fuch as were necef- 
fary for the Garrifons and Safety of the Kingdom, > 
there being then n profefled Enemy in Arms, 
and thefe to have been fuch as both Kingdoms 
might have confided in for Affection to Religion 
and Monarchy ; whereunto the Honourable 
Houfes of the Parliament did effectually apply 
themfelves, as appears by their Declaration of 
the 28th of May, 1647 ; but the Independent 
Party was as diligent to hinder it, by contriving 
and procuring a Petition from the Army againft 
their Difbanding : This by the Houfes was vot- 
ed mutinous, and the Abettors of it Enemies to 
the State. Then 200, ooo/. was provided, and 
Commifiioners fent down to the Army for dif- 
banding it, and engaging a confiderable Supply, 
for Ireland, under the Command of Major- Gene- 
ral Skippon and Lieutenant-General Majfey ; one 
hundred and fixty-feven Prefbyterian Officers 
engaged for Ireland, and gave Obedience to the 
Commands of the Parliament ; but, on a fudden, 
the Sectaries of that Army drew themfelves toge- 
ther j entered into a folemn Engagement againft 

< the 

3 1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I* < the Refolutions of the Parliament ; caftiiered atf 
' the Prefbyterian Officers who had adhered to the 
4 Parliament, or fubfcribed. for Ireland; placed 
' Sectaries in their Charges ; creeled a fupreme 

* Council of Agitators, and then grew indeed into 
4 a compleat new Model. 

4 Soon thereafter a Party out of feveral Regi- 
ments, commanded by a Taylor, a Cornet of 
4 theirs, -one Joyce, violently feized on the Perfon 
4 of the King; and carried him from his Houfe 
4 at Holdenby, againft his own Will and the Pro- 
4 teftation of the Commiilioners then attending 
4 upon him, and againft the declared Refolutions 
4 of both Kingdoms: And though this Action was 

* at firft difavowed by the General, yet it appears 
4 to have been done by fome under-hand Warrant; 
for the King was kept ftlll within the Army's 
4 Quarters, and ftrong Guards placed about him : 

* And when the Houfes thought fit to command 
' the Army not to come within thirty Miles of 
4 London, and to vote his Majefty's Coming to 
4 Richmond, they, by a threatning Meflage, forced 
4 the recalling of thefe Votes, and carried the King 

* along with them to Hatfald and other Places at 

* their Pleafure. 

4 The Houfes did then juftly think it neceflary 
to look to their own Prefervation, leaft they 
4 fhould be ferved as his Majefty was j and, upon 

* the nth of June, 1647, they appointed a Com- 
4 mittee of Safety to meet with the Militia of Lon-> 
4 don, and to confider upon the Prefervation of the 

* Parliament and City. 

4 The great Work of the Army being to new- 
4 model the Parliament, as well as they had done 
4 themfelves, and to fubdue and enflave that great 

* and glorious City : In order thereunto they firft 
4 began with a falfe and frivolous general Charge 
' againft divers Members of the Houfes, eminent 
4 for Affe&ion and Action in this Caufe, and vio- 

* lently prefled their Sufpenfion from the Houfes ; 
' but, upon a full and free Debate, it was voted to 


of ENGLAND. 319 

* be againft the Law to fufpend any Member upon An - 4 Car 

* a general Charge, without bringing in and prov- t * 64 

* ing of Particulars. This Procedure did not fit j uly . 

* the Army's Occafions; they therefore fent feveral 
' threatning MefTages, That they would march to 
' Weftminjler ; that they would purge the Houfe ; 

* and that they muft take extraordinary Courfes : 
' Thus they force the Houfes to recal their Votes 
' for a Committee of Safety, and to difband what 
' Forces they had drawn together under Prefby- 

* terian Officers $ they compel the eleven Alembers 
c to withdraw from their Attendance in the Hpufe : 
' And, the Militia of London, at the unanimous De- 
' fire of the Common-Council, being then fettled in 
' the Hands of fuch Perfons as the City might moft 

* confide in, the Army, to perfect their Defigns 
' upon them, enforced the Houfes to a new Model 

* of that Militia. 

* Having thus in their Power the Perfon of his 

* Majefty, and having over-awed the Parliament 

* and City, they difperfe themfelves in the feveral 

* Counties about London ; lift and raife daily more 

* Forces ; and refolve to fettle, or rather alter and 
1 fubvert, Religion and Government after their own 

* Will ; as is held forth in their Propofals which 

* they firft prefented to his Majefty, and after- 

* wards fent to the Houfes, as that which they 

* would have the Ground of Peace : But the City 
' was fo enraged at the Change of their Militia, 

* that they come down to Weftminjler to petition 

* againft it ; and the 'Prentices, who had learned 

* from the Army the powerfulleft Arguments to 

* perfuade, came in Multitudes, and prefled the 

* granting of the Common-Council's Petition. 

* Thus, on the 26th of July, 1647, the Houfes 
' again fettled the Militia as formerly } many in 

* London entered into an Engagement, but the 

* Militia of London quieted all Tumults, fettled 

* orderly Guards, and next Day the Houfe of 
' Commons fat quietly : Yet it was refolved by 
' that Party, that the two Speakers and the Friends 

* of the Army (hould fly thither, which they did ; 


3 20 
An. 24. Car. 1. 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

the Houfes notwithstanding fat, chofe new Speak- 
ers, revived the Committee of Safety, and put 
themfelves in a Pofture of Defence ; and, upon' 
the Defires of the Commiffioners of this King- 
dom, they invited his Majefty to come to Lon- 
don with Honour, Freedom, and Safety. 
* The Army hereupon drew together; refufed to 
own the Parliament; declared againft them; print- 
ed their own Propofals ; cried out againft a new' 
\Var. In the mean Time they and their Friends 
that fled to them, being engaged by Writing to 
live and die together, marched up againft the 
Parliament and City, who feemed to have been 
in a Readinefs to oppofe them ; until, by the En- 
deavours of fome that were better Friends to the 
Sectaries than to the Parliament and City, by their 
many AddrefTes to the Army and Returns, the 
City was furrendered ; and the Sectaries, having 
brought up the Speakers and Members that fled 
to them, marched in Triumph through London 
with Laurel in their Hats. Sir Thomas Fairfax 
was made Captain-General of all England^ Con- 
ftable of the Tower of London^ and Commander 
of all the Garrifons of England : He put out an 
honeft faithful Citizen, and put in a Sectary- 
Lieutenant of the Tower ; and then they fell a-' 
frefh upon purging of the Houfe, as they called it ; 
feven Lords were impeached of a netf pretended 
Treafon ; the eleven Members forced to fly ; 
and, after a Fortnight's Debate, being often car- 
ried in the Negative, (for a little Liberty yet re- 
mained) at laft, by a threatening Declaration from 
the Army, and the Swordfmen's coming into the 
Houfe, all Orders paft in Abfence of the old' 
Speakers were repealed ; fome of the moft active 
of the Houfes, the Lord Mayor, three honeft 
Aldermen, and divers Common-Counfellors of 
London, charged and imprifoned ; the Officers of 
the City altered ; and all upon a general Accufa- 
tion for levying; a new War: But, indeed, really, 
for being zealous for the Ends of the Covenant, 
and for Defence of the Privileges, yea, the Being 


of E N G L A N D. 321 

* df the Parliament, againft the Violence and In- An. 14 Car. t t 
c iblerice of this Schifmatic Army. 

' The Liberty of the Parliament was thus de- 

* ftroyed by their own Servants, contrary to their 

* many Profeflions ; the famous Gity of London 
c enflaved to Sectaries, and not only thofe Privileges 
' taken from them, which 4 by their Fairhfulnefs to 

* the Parliament* and with Expence of fo much 

* Blood and Treafure, they had merited, but even 
c their ancient Liberties trodden on ; and all Things 
f governed at Wejlminfter and London according 

* to Orders from the Court of War, who alfo, by 
' a reigning Spirit of levelling Democracy, were^ 

* or feerried to be, over-ruled by the new Supreme 

* Council of Agitators, who had been Soldiers, and 
' now were turned fuperlative Commanders. 

' As the Labour of the Independent Junto was 
' to court the People and the Soldiery by Declara- 
"' tions and Engagements, which they as foon fal- 

* fifiedj and even to trade with the Papifts, as was 
' informed ; fo they ftudied to intereft the King's 
' Party 4 and cajoled fome of them to propofe what 

* was moft obnoxious to the Parliament, and ex- 
' cepted in the Proportions : But they foon ma- 

* nifefted to the World what their Intentions were 
' to the King j for after they had made ufe of the 
' Detaining his Majefty's Perfon in their Army, and 
' of pretending for his Intereft and Party, to en- 
' able them to fubdue the Parliament and City : 
4 that Work being over, they firft grew feveref 

* to his Partyj except fuch as they (rill made very 

* good ufe of j and then endeavoured, by threat- 
1 ning, to fright him away from Hampton-Court '* 

* The Power of the Levellers was much talked of, 
.until his Majefty was fure in the Ifle of Wight ^ 

* and then their Lieutenant-General found a Means 

* to quiet them. 

In the Ifle of Wight they firft made his Ma- 

* jefty Prifoner without any known Authority, and 
' then got the Houfes to own and order it ; and, 

* by the Prevalence of the Independent Party, Votes 

* were pafled, making another Kind of new High 
Vol. XVII. X Trcafon, 

322 Ike Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 14 Car. I, Treafon, viz. To make any Application to the 

'^' ' King, to write to him, or to receive Letters from 

July- ' ^ im ' ^ ^verity g reater tnan i $ ufual againft 

' Malefactors. And for juftifying of thefe Votes, 

' a Declaration was publi{hed with many falfe 

' Scandals caft upon his Majefty ; and it is even 

* declared, That they will put no more Truft in 

* him j yea, now we are informed, that, by horrid 

* Treachery and Poifon, Endeavours are ufed to 
' take away his Life. 

' And as that Independent Party hath endeavour- 
' ed to fubvert the begun Reformation of Religion ; 
' to deftroy the King and Monarchy ; overthrow 
' the Parliament ; and perfecute honeft Men ; fo 
' it hath been their Study;, ever fince the Removal 
' of the Scots Armyi to break the happy Union 

* betwixt the Kingdoms j to lay afide the GoVe- 

* nant ; difappoiht all the Ends of it ; and violate 

* all Treaties betwixt the Kingdoms. 

' We fhall not need to repeat the Jealoufies 

* they created and fomented againft" Scotland and 

* the Scots Commiffioners, and our Army whilft it 

* w*s there ; how they withheld the Maintenance 

* from them due by the Treaty, that by free 
' Quarter they might grow burthenfomC and odi- 

* ous to the Country : Nor need we now to men- 

* tion any Violation of the Large Treaty, concern- 

* ing the Remainder of Money due upon the Bro- 

* therly Affiftance, nor of the Money due by Treaty 

* for our Army in Ireland, or by the late Treaty up- 

* on the March of our Army : Nor (hall we nowin- 
' fift upon the Breach of that Article of the Large 

* Treaty, by which the Houfes were obliged to pur- 
' fue, take, and punifh the Irifli Rebels, Subjects of 

* the Crown of England, who fo long infefted us. 

' We have already declared what Breaches they 

* have made of the folemn Engagements for the 

* King ; and when our Commiffioners at London 

* demanded Whether.the Votes againft all Appli- 
< cation to his Majcfty did extend to his Subjects 

* of Scotland, to debar fuch as are warranted by 

* the Parliament of this Kingdom, or their Com- 

' mittees, 

of E N G L A N D. 323 

* rhittees, from free Accefs to, or Intercourfe with, An. 14 Car. I. 
' his Majefty ; or that he fhould be hindered from, l64 *' ^ 
' and fo made incapable of, any A& of Govern- ~^Jiy. 

' ment in relation to the Affairs of Scetland ? No 
' Anfwer was then, nor as yet is^ returned there- 

* unto ; but before that Time* not only fuch as had 

* Warrant for Accefs to him were debarred thereof, 
' (notwithstanding the Engagement of the Houfe, 
' the 27th of January, 1647, to the contrary) but 

* even the Earl of Lauderdale, a public Minifter 
' of this Kingdom, contrary to that Engagement 

* and to the Law of Nations, was violently remov- 
' ed by a Party of the Army from Woobttrne, where 

* his Majefty then was, and not fuffered to have 

* Accefs to him ; and though Reparation was 
' therein defined by the Iaft Committee of Eftates, 
' yet none was given. And altho', by the eighth 

* Article of the Treaty ^ 1643, it is agreed, That 

* no Cefjation, Pacification, nor Agreement for Peace 
c whatsoever? /hall be made by either Kingdom , or the 

* Armies of either Kingdom? without the mutual Ad" 

* vice and Confent of both Kingdoms, (which En- 
' gagemeht the Houfes of Parliament alfo repeated 

* in their Letter of the 27th of January, 1647, 
' to obferve that Article, after the Removal of our 
' Army out' of England) yet contrary thereunto, 

* the Sectaries and their Adherents framed Propo- 
' fuls, deftrudlive to the Ends of the Covenant, 

* which were prefented to his Majefty without the 
' Advice or Confent of the "Kingdom of Se at/and ; 

* and having cunningly inferted therein fome 

* Things more pleafmg to his Majefty than the 
' Propofitions of both Kingdoms were, it was their 
' Study to perfaade his Majefty, in his Anfwer to 

* their Proppfrtions at Hampton-Court, to throw 

* himfelf on their Propofals, and thereby unfatisfy 

* both his Kingdoms ; which, as foon as the King 
' had done, they themfelves laid them afide, anfi 
c ufed his Majefty as we have before exprcffed. 

* And whereas the Houfes of Parliament, whilft 

4 in Liberty, made it their Work firft to difband 

my before any Applications to be mude rt> 

tne Ar X ^ his 

224 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. c his Majefty ; the Independent Party, having the 
' King within the Quarters of their Army, end the 
^ \l\j "~ ' ^ty re ^ uce< ^> prefied vehemently the fending of 
' the Proportions of both Kingdoms, whilft them- 
' felves were fafteft trjnketing with their Propofals. 
' A fhort and peremptory Day was fet for the Deli- 
4 very of the Propofitions, without the Advice or 
' Confent of the Commiffioners of the Kingdom of 

* Scotland, then at London ; and Inftrudtions given, 

* that if the Scots Commiffioners were not prefent 

* that Day, the Propofitions fliould neverthelefs be 
' delivered without them : And as we have great 
' Reafon to believe that it was the Study of the 

* Sectaries, and thofe that were their Inftruments 
' in that Treaty, that his Majefty {hould not fatisfy 
' his Parliaitr-nts by his Anfwer ; yet, upon that 

* An Twer, by the Power and Prevalency of that 
c Party, the Parliament laid afide the Propofitions 
' agreed en by both Kingdoms ; and have, con- 
trary to the Treaty, framed and prefented Pro- 
*- pofitions and Bills to his Majefty, againft which 
* the CommiiTioners of this Kingdom declared; and 

* thereafter, by Order, according to their Inftruc- 

* tions, protefted againil them in the Ifle of flight, 

* as being deftrutive to Religion, the Crown, and 

* Union of the Kingdoms ; as may at large be feen 

* in that printed Anfwer to the New Propofitions, 

* which the Parliament here have owned and ap- 

* proved as the Senfe of this Kingdom, and which 
we hold as if here repeated (r), 

* The Parliament of this Kingdom taking into 
- c their Confideration the Dangers thus threatening 

* Religion, his Majefty's Sacred Perfon and Pofte- 

* rity, yea ; Monarchy and all Government; how 

* that, by the Injufiice, Violence, and Treachery 
' of the Independents, and their Adherents in Par- 

* liament and Army, the Covenant was laid afide ; 
* all the Ends of it fruftrated ; Toleration counte- 

* nanced, and, by the new Propofitions, endea- 
' vburedto be fettled; his Majefty -imprifoned, and 
' fuch Height of Infolences committed againft him ; 

* the Privileges, yea, the Being, of the Parliament 
(r) In cur Surttenth Voiumc, p. 436. * in 

of ENGLAND. 325 

* in a Manner deftroyed, and the Foundations of it An *+ Car. I. 

* razed ; the famous City of London, to which this ( ^ t 

' Nation and all that are faithful in this Caufe muft j u i y . 

* needs acknowledge great Obligations; en {laved ; 

* its Liberties trodden on, and many of the beft 

* affected to the Covenant in Parliament and City, 
' for their Fidelity, perfecuted and driven aw.iy ; 

* the Treaties with, and Engagements to, this Na- 
' tion broken ; the public Faith of England, yea, 

* almoft all Laws, Divine and Human, violated ; 

* the People of England opprefied with free Quar- 
' ter and Taxes ; and the Union and brotherly 

* Correfpondence betwixt the Kingdoms much 

* weakened and endeavoured to be taken away : 

* And being very fenfible of the many Injuries and 

* Affronts done to this Nation, their Army, and thofc 

* employed by them ; weighing alfo well how fruit- 
' Jefs all their Endeavours by way of Treaties and 
' Mefla^es, for curing thofe Evils and removing 

* thofe Differences, had proven, and how little 

* Regard was had to our Commifiioners and their 

* Endeavours at London of late; they thought it high 

* Time to look to their own Prefervation, and to 
' put this Kingdom into aPoftureof Arms : Yet, 
( before any further Engagement, they refolved t6 
' try if, by the three juft and neceflary Demands, 

* of the 26th of April laft, made to the Houfes of 

* Parliament, it were poflible, in an amicable Way, 

* to compofe thofe Differences, and provide for the 

* Security of Religion, of his Majefty, and of the 

* Peace and Union of the Kingdoms ; to the which 

* had a fatisfailory Anfwer been returned, all the 

* Inconveniences that may enfue might have been 

* prevented, which wehaveflill, fince that TimCj 
' patiently expected. 

4 But, inftead of Security to Religion according 

' to the Covenant, againft the Dangers on all 

* Hands ; inftead of freeing his Mujefty from hrs 

* bafe Imprifonment, that he may come to fome 

* of his Houfes in or near London with Honour, 

* Freedom, and Safety, where both Kingdoms 

* may make their Applications to him for fettling 

X 3 * Religion 

326 T/&T Parliamentary H i s T OR Y 

.An. 24. Car.' I. < keUgion and a well-grounded Peace; inftead of 

t * 64 , 4 difoanding the Army of Sectaries hy whofe Power 

j uly> * and Tyranny all thefe Evils were come upon, us, 

' and further threaten us ; without taking any No - 

' tice at all of what, upon fo juft and neceflary 

' Grounds, we demanded ; without any Repara- 

' tion made for the many Injuries done to this 

4 Kingdom and thofe employed by them, or any 

* Anfwer to that Demand made by our CommiO- 
fioners, Whether it was intended that his Majefty 
6 fhould be debarred from exercifing any Act of Go- 
' vernment in relation to this Kingdom? Or whe- 

* ther Scotf/nen^ employed and allowed by Scotland^ 
' might have free Accefs to him ? Inftead, we fay, 

* of all thefe, we have received three Proportions 

* to be prefented to his Majefty, that after his Ma- 
' jefty's Aflent thereto, and to fuch Acts of Parlta- 

* ment as (hall be offered by both Houfes for Con- 
' formation thereof, then both Houfes will treat 
' with his Majefty (without telling him or us where, 
' or with what Security to either) concerning thd 

* future Settlement of the Government of the 
' Church and Settlement of the Militia, and the 
' reft of the Proportions formerly tendered at 
' Hampton-Court ; wirh a Defire from the Englifn 

* Commiflioners refiding here, for us to prepare 

* fuch Propofitions as we fhall judge fit and necef- 

* fary for this Kingdom, that they may be fent to 
' his Majefty with all convenient Speed. They 
did alfo communicate to- us feme Votes of the 
< two Houfes ; and the Committee of Eftates told 

* thern> That they could return no Anfwer till-firlt 

* they received $'UsfiiHon to the J)ernands of thi-s 
Kingdom of the s^thoi" April. And thefe are 

* as litde fatisficd ; Religion, the King:, and his 

* Kingdoms as little fecured ; and t)^e folid Grounds 
of a religious and good Peace, as little provided 
4 for now as formerly. 

' We fhall not much infift upon the Particulars 

* of thefe Three Propofitions ; our Coinmiffioners 

* did, on fome of them, fo fully exprefs themfelves, 

* efpecially that of the Militia, in their late An- 

< fwcr 

^ENGLAND. 327 

' fwer to the Proportions before they went t&- the An. 74 Car. j. 

* Ifle of /f%/;/, which we here hold as -repeated j t '_ 6 * 8 ' J 

* but we cannot conceal how very unfatisf'atoiy . ^ 

* that concerning Religion is; and we are forry to 

* fee other Interefts ftill fo carefully provided for, 

* and fo little Security to Religion ; which,. indeed, 

* was the main and principal Caufe of our Engagc- 

* ment in the late Wars. In thefe Propofitions we 

* ftill find the Covenant omitted, one End of it 

* only mentioned by way of Narrative, and the 
' Propofitions for Uniformity according to the Co- 

* venant, with all the other Propofitions of Reli- 
gion, left to the future 'Treaty. And all that is 

* now defired., is, that Prefbyterial Government be 
4 confirmed by A6 of Parliament, in fuch Manner 
' as both Houfes of Parliament have agreed in feve- 

* ral Ordinances of Parliament ; that is to fay, &c. 

' The Commiflioncrs of the Parliament and Ge- 

* neral Aflembly of this Kingdom have fevcraj 

* Times exprefled their Senfe of thcfe Ordinances, 

* which we fliall not here repeat : But we doubt 

* this new Etcetera is of a larger Extent, and re- 
' lates to that impious Toleration, fettled by both 
1 Houfes, fo contrary to the Covenant, fo deft rue- 

* tive to the Ends ot it, and, for ought \ve know, 
' not yet repealed ; again ft which this Kingdom 

* hath fo fully declared in the aforc-inentibncd An- 
' fwer to the new Propofitions; for it 'was then 

* brought in as a Part of the Proportion for fettling 

* Prefbyterial Government, as the Way that both 
' the Houfes then agreed to. And feeing the fame 

* over-awing Power continues^ which fu ft brought 
' in that Toleration avowedly, we have Rcafon to 
' apprehend it ftill remains ; but it is now covered 

* and rolled up in this new 'Etcetera ; and we ha\ ; 
' the greater Reafon to be unfatisficd, in thatPref- 

* byterial Government is only demanded for three 
' Years ; and, in the End of the Propofitions, it 

* is profefled, That the Houfes will treat with his 

* Majefty concerning the future Settlement of the 
' Government of the Church, without relating the 
4 Covenant as a Rule of that Government, or the 

X 4 ' rropofi- 

328 Ybe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. { Propofitions formerly agreed upon by both King* 

1645. i doms j but in fuch a general \Vay as may over-* 

j*, ' throw all the Reformation eftablifhed, and open 

* a Door to Hierarchy or Anarchy, to Epifcopacy, 
' Independency, and to Toleration ; all abjured in 
( our Solemn Covenant. 

4 And feeing no Satisfaction is given to the fo juft 

* and necefiary Pemands of the Parliament, of the 

* 26th of jlpril) either for Religion or the King's 

* Majeirv ; but that Religion is ftill in as much 
' Hazard as ever; the King ftill barbaroufly detain- 
' ec! in bis bafe Imprifcnment, and, as we are cre- 
' dibly informed, daily in Danger of his Life by 
4 Treachery and Poifon; and that Army of Sectaries, 

* the great Caufe of all our Evils and Pangers, ftill 
' kept up, ftrengthened, and a great Part of it now 

* marched clofe to our Borders j tho' this Kingdom 
' fhall never be averfe from giving ?nd receiving mu- 

* tual Satisfaction by Treaty, yet we cannot agree to 
' thefe Propofitions, nor join with the two Houfes 

* in prefenting of them to his Majefty, whilft nei- 

* ther King nor Parliament enjoy their Liberties. 

* Wherefore we can no longer, as unconcerned 

* Spectators, be Witnefles to the Lofs and Ruin 

* of all, which, by the Oath of God that lies upon 
' us in our Solemn League and Covenant, and by 
' many other Obligations, we are bound to endea* 
' vour to preferve : Arid the Ends being now the 

* fame for which we were invited, and in Profe- 
' cution whereof we have loft fo much Blocd, did 

* undergo fo many flardihips, and fo much impo-^ 
' verifhed our own Country ; and being now enga- 

* ged by the joint Declaration of both Kingdoms, 
' never to lay dovvn Aims till Truth and Peace 

* be fettled in this Idand, upon a firm Foundation, 

* for theprefent and future Generations; being alfo 
1 invited thereunto by many of thst Kingdom join-p 
' ed in Covenant with us, our Forces are again In 

* England; and, in Discharge of our Duties to 

* God, our native King, our own Country, End 
' our Brethren in Engl&:d, we have undertaken this 

* fo necefiary Er.gaecjricnt, in Profecution of thofe 
/ j ''juft, 



* juft, pious, and loyal Ends, to which we are fo fo- An - 2 4 Car - 1 
' lemnly fworn. And although we have not at all 

* departed from our good old Principles, and that j u iy. 
' our Demands and Defires are contained in our 

' feveral Declarations, Papers, and Addrefles this 

* Time paft to the Houfes of Parliament ; yet fee- 

* ing, by the Malice of our Enemies, many fcan- 
' dalous and falfe Afperfions are caft upon us, our 
' Actions and Intentions traduced, and Jealoufies 
' raifed in the Minds of many good, though too 

* credulous, Men, both at home and abroad ; for 

* Satisfaction of all that are fatisfiable, and to wit- 
' nefs the Sincerity of our Intentions and Refolu- 
' tions, we fh,all here repeat our moft material De- 
' fires, and the Grounds of our Undertakings. 

* And, i/?, we declare before God and all the 

* World, That we are refolved, fincerely, really, 
( and conftaruly, to maintain and preferve invio- 

* lably, with the Hazard of our Lives and Fortunes, 

* and all that is deareft unto us, the Reformation 

* of Religion, in Doctrine, Worfhip, Difcipline, 
< and Government, as it is, by the Mercy of God 

* and his Majefty's Goodnefs, eftablifhed by Law 

* amongft us ; and never to luffer it, by Fraud or 

* Force, to be taken from us ; nor yet to endure the 
' bringing in of Epifcopacy, the Book of Common 
4 Prayer, or any other of thofe Innovations and 
' Superftitions thrown out of this Kirk, as fome 

* have been fo impudent to aver ; and alfo, with 

* the fame Sincerity, Reality, and Conftancy, in 

* our Places and Callings, to the uttermoft of our 
' Power, faithfully to endeavour the confirming 

* what is already done in the Work of Reforma- 

* tion, eftablifhing the Covenant, and attaining all 
' the Ends of it in England and Ireland, particu- 
' larly Reformation of Religion and Uniformity ac- 

* cording to the Covenant. 

2^/y, * We do alfo declare, That we will en- 
' deavour the Rcfcue of his Mnjefty's Perfon from 

* his bafe Imprifonment, that he may come with 
4 Honour, Freedom, and Safety to fome of his own 

* Houfes in or near London^ that the Parliaments 

' of 


An. 34 Car. J. 

r 1648. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

of b.oth kingdoms may make their Application* 
to him, for obtaining his Royal Affent to fucb De- 
fires as fhall he by them prefented unto hkn for 
eftabliihjng Religion, as is above expreffed, and 1 
fettling a well-grounded Peace ; that fo his M*-' 
jefty may live in the Splendour and Glory of his 
Roya! Progenitors, as bejeemeth his Royal Place 
and Dignity ; that all Differences and Troubles 
may end in mutual Confidence and Rejoicing ; 
the King may enjoy the Comfort of his Royat 
Confort and Children, with other Contentments j 
and we, after fo great piftraclions and long con- 
tinued Sufferings, may r?ap the bleffed Fruits of 
Truth and Pjeace under his Government : For 
however the late Procedures of this Kingdom 
may have b.een mifunderftood, yet God knows 
that we have never admitted of any Thoughts td 
the Prejudice of our gracious Sovereign, his Per- 
fon r or Qoverftmenr,, to whom we pray that the 
Lord wH grant a long and a happy Reign ; and 
that there may not want one of his Seed to rule 
over us rightly, and to fit upon his Throne, while 
the Sun and, the Moon endureth. 
* 3^/y, That the twp IJoufes of parliament may 
be reftored to their Freedoms ; that all Members; 
who have been, faithful to this Caufc, may freely 
and fafely attend their Charges , that the Parlia- 
ment, being Maftcrs of their own Councils and 
Refults, they may, together with the Advice and 
Confent of the Kingdom of Scotland, conclude 
upon a, Treaty with his Majefty ; and all other 
Things expedient to a thorough Settlement. 
4^/y, ' That the City of London, which hath 
expended fo much in BJood and Tfeafure, mav 
have their former Proportions, prefcnted to the 
King a; Oxford ar\d Ncwvytte, preflcd as was 
formerly intended. . . 

5^/y, ' That the Army of Sectaries, under the 
Command of Thomas Lord Fairfax^ of Camerotf, 
bedifbanded; and none employed, cither in rcl;:~ 
tion to the Profecution of the War in Ireland, or 
the nsceiTary Garrifons and Forces,, but, fuch < 

4 have 

if E N G L A N D. 331 

* have or (hall take the Covenant, and are well- An/ 14. Cv. 1. 
c affected to Religion and Government; that fo the v _^_ t 

* People of England may be eafed of Taxes, Free ~ y july. 
f Quarter, and other great Impositions under which 

* they have fo long groaned, 

btbly. * And although the Intereft of Religion, t 

* the King, and Kingdoms, arid the fettling of a 
folid Peace, be the Caufc of this Undertaking ; 

* yet we do not doubt but due Regard will be had 

* to the Concernments of Scotland, contained in 

* our feveral former Demands, both in relation to 
' what is due to this Kingdom and their Armies 

* here and in Ireland, as alfo what is neceflary for 

* the better Safety, Union, and Government of the 

4 Kingdoms. 

* We have now exprefled the true Grounds and 

* Reafons of this Engagement, and the Ends we 

* propofe to ourfelves ; and we do expect that none 

* who will not declare themfelves Enemies to God, 
' the King, the Parliaments, and the Peace of thefe 
' Kingdoms, will oppofe us in this fo pious, fo ne- 
ceflary an Undertaking ; and therefore we hope 

* all Jealoufies and Mifunderftandings will be laid 
' afide ; and that we fhall meet with a hearty Con- 

5 currence both of all the Subjects of this Kingdom, 
' and of our Brethren of England: And we do de- 

* clare, That it fhall be our Endeavour to protect, 
in their Perfons and Goods, all of the Englijb 
' Nation who fhall join in Covenant with us, and 
' for profecuting of thefe Ends ; and that we will 
' do Prejudice or ufe Violence to none, as far as 

* we are able, but fuch as oppofe us, or thofe Ends 
' above-mentioned : Particularly we fhall endea- 
? vour that the Arrears due to all Soldiers who 

* have ferved the Parliament of England in this 

* Caufe, excepting fuch as have engaged arid abet- 
' ted the Army in their Courfes, and fhall not im- 

* mediately deiert them, may have their Accounts 

* audited, Part of their Arrears paid, and Security 
f for the reft, with full Indemnity. 

* And becaufe our Army will be neceflitated to 
\ live upon the Country, until a regular Courfe be 

* taken 

3 3 2 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *4 Car. J. ' taken for their Maintenance, we do declare, That 

I( H8. * it fliall be our Care that they carry themfelves 

~"T^ "* foberly, and be as little burthenfome as is poflible ; 

* and that, before we return, we fliall labour to fee 
' the Northern Counties fatisfied for what extraor- 
' dinary Burdens they fuftain. 

* To conclude : We declare before God and 
the World, That we refolve, by God's Afliftance, 

* in all our Proceedings, never to break, on our 

* Parts, the Union betwixt the Kingdoms, nor to 

* incroach upon the National Rights of the Sub- 
' jefts of England, or to entrench upon their juft 
' Liberties ; much lefs is it our Intention at all to 
make a National Engagement againft the Parlia- 
' ment and Kingdom of England, but for them, 

* whofe Freedom, Privileges, and Happinefs {hall 
' ever be as dear to us as our own ; and that our 
' juft Defines being provided for and fecured, then 

* immediately our Army (hall depart the Kingdom 
' of England, and return peaceably home again, 

* whereof we have twice already given real Tefti- 
' monies ; our Intentions being ever the fame with 

* our Profeffions, refolving ftill to continue fted- 
faft in the Profecution of them : For the Ac- 
4 complifhment whereof, we mall be ready to fa- 

* crifice both our Lives and Fortunes. 


Mr. Wbitlocke makes this Reflection on the Scott, 
Army's coming into England : ' Here you may 
take Notice, fays the Memorialift, of a ftrange 
Turn in the Affairs of this Parliament, to which 
all Human Affairs are Cub] eft, but in thefe Times 
much more than ordinary. You have read the 
great Endeavours formerly to bring the Scots in as 
Friends to aflift the Parliament ; and may remem- 
ber the Story of their Actions and Return home 
again : Now the other Faftion m Scotland prevail- 
ing, the Scots are turned Enemies to England, and 
invade them with a confiderable Army. Before 
they joined with the Parliament againft the King y 

of ENGLAND. 333 

now they join with the King's Forces againft the An. 4 car. 
Parliament. How like the Sea the People of the , 
World are, ftill ebbing or flowing, always in an 
uncertain Motion, and conftant in nothing butln- 
conftancy !' 

But to leave this Digreffion ; and return to our 

Both Houfes, about this Time, pafTtd the fol- T h e Parliament 
lowing Vote, * That in regard the Duke of Buck- offer an Indem- 
tngham hath not fprmerly borne Arms againft the 
Parliament, and in regard of his Youth to which 
his late Mifcarriage may be rather attributed than 
to any Malice in Opposition to the Parliament, and 
in regard he is the only Son now left (j) to inhe- 
rit that great Honour ; the Lords and Commons do 
think fit to offer this Favour to him, and do here- 
by declare that, in cafe the faid Duke of Bucking- 
bam {hall come within fourteen Days after the 
publifhing hereof, and render himfelf to the Par- 
liament, and engage never to take up Arms againft 
the Parliament hereafter, that then he fhall be in- 
demnified for his late Oppofition made in taking 
up Arms againft the Parliament.' However, the 
Duke of Buckingham did not think proper to comply 
with the Terms of this Offer, but made his Efcape 
into Holland, as has been already mentioned. 

A Conference had been defired by the Lords 
with the other Houfe, on the 8th of this Month, 
in which they delivered their Reafons for adhering 
to their own Vote of the 3Oth of Jun? laft, 4 That 
the Three Propofitions fent into Scotland, to be 
granted by the King, Ihould not be infifted ori be- 
fore the Treaty with his Majefty was begun.' And, 

July 2 1 . The Earl of Mancbefter reported to the 
Lords another Conference, held by Defire of the 
Commons on this Subject, in the following Man- 
ner : 


, (j)~His only Brother, the Lord Fraw't niliirt, was killed in ths 

r ^ )e Parliamentary HIST^RV 

I. That Mr. Swinfen faid, That the Houfe of 
Commons having received a Refplution from th'eir 
~TC ' Lordfhips, not to infift upon the Three Proportions 
to be offered to the King before the Treaty b 
begun ; they had, upon fenous DebateV refolved 
to adhere to their, former Vote* touching the Three 
Propofitions to be figned by the King before a 
Treaty; in which Vote they defire their Lordfhips 
Concurrence : Their Reafons are thefe : 

I. * That many Perfons, in the like Infurre&ions 
at a Conference, as j n Xent t EJJex^ and other Places, with their Ad- 
^h" S^KiUg herents, who prefs the Parliament with fo much Vi- 
Aould aflent to olence for a Perfonal Treaty, before any Founda- 

^SSTbefore tion f Securit y be fil ft la " 1(5 > ( u P n the f P ecious Pr e- 
Trrcatty. * tence or " Peace, which they now make ufe of to 
raife a War) will, upon the fame Pretence, if fuch 
a Treaty fhould be yielded unto, prefs the Parlia- 
ment to yield up all that Treaty ; to the end they 
may fet up abfolute Tyranny, that they, as Inftru- 
inents, may have Shares therein, and repair them- 
felves with the Spoil of the Commonwealth. 

II. * Thefe Three Propofitions are efTentially ne- 
teflary to the prefent Peace and Safety of the Par- 
liament, and thofe that have engaged with them ; 
and in thefe the Parliament hath gone fo low al- 
ready, that they cannot further recede; unlefs they 
fhould refolve, before-hand, to treat away all that 
they have endeavoured to preferve with the Lofs of 
fo much Blood and Treafure j and if the Houfe of 
Commons had not intended, and the Lords de- 
clared, thefe only as a neceflary Step and Intro- 
duction to a Treaty, to be had For a more perfc& 
Settlement for the future, the Houfe of Commons 
would not have gone fo low in them at prefent. 

III. c Treaties are then ufeful, when one or both 
Parties differing had not fufHcient Time to confi* 
der of the Matter of Controverfy, or Where the 
Matter is fuch as that there reftet'h a great Diffe 
rence in Judgment about it ; but thefe Three Pro- 
pofitiqns have been often, and for a .long Time, 
confidered by both the King and Parliament ; and 
fo much thereof as is infifted upon to be granted 


bf ENGLAND. 33$ 

before the Treaty, it appeareth the King can give An. 24 Car. 
his Aflent unto,. by what he hath exprefled in his |6 4 8 ' 
Meflages to the Hbufes ; tho', in further Concef- j^C] 
fions, he allcdged that he is yet unfatisfied in point 
of Honour and Conference. 

IV. * If by any Difturbance the Treaty (hould 
produce no Settlement, th,efe Things not being 
granted, the following Inconveniences would en- 

t-. * There would not be Power in the Houfes 
to matter thofe unhappy Tempers, which are like 
to continue for fome Time after the End of this 
unhappy War-. 

&. ' Thofe Minifters that have been placed by 
the Parliament will be thrown out of their Livings, 
and all Minifters and others, who cannot comply 
with that Ecclefiaftical Jurifdi&ion, and fubmit to 
thofe Ceremonies, which will revive, are in Danger 
to undergo a more rigid Profecution than ever be- 

3. * There wHl be no Provifion made for the In- 
demnity of thofe who have adhered to the Parlia- 
ment ; and the Brands of Rebellion and Treafon 
will remain to Pofterity on both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, which never had fuch Cenfures by any of his 
Majefty's Predeceflbrs, in the greateft Height of 
their Differences. 

c Upon thefe Reafons they hoped their Lordfliips 
Judgments would be fo fatisfied as to join with the 
Houfe of Commons in their Vote ; and that when 
the faid Propofnions (hall be fent to the King, ia 
jmrfuance thereof, they have made fome other wherein their Lordfhips Concurrence is de*- 
fired. .... 
, The faid Votes were read as follow : 

i. ' That this Houfe is jcfolved that, the Three 
Proportions being granted in Manner as is pro*- 
pofed, then both Houfes of Parliament will treat 
with his Majcfty in "Perfon, by a Committee ap- 
pointed by both Houfes ; for the future Settlement 
.ot.the.Gp.vernment.of the Church, the Settlement 
f the"Mt]iti2, ^ana the reft of the Propofitions ten*- 
'' 4 dercd 

336 The Parliamentary H I s T o K V 

An. 24 Car. I. dered to his Majefty at Hampton-Court ; and fudt 
t l648 ' J other Propofitions as (hall be propounded, either by 
~ j u v j his Majefty or the Houfes^ for the fettling of a fafe 

and well-grounded Peace. 

2. c That after the Three Propofitions are af- 
fented to, and figned as is defired, the King be de- 
fired to nominate three Places within twenty Miles 
of Weftmlnfter^ two of which to be at leaft ten 
Miles diftant from Wejlmtnjler^ where the Treaty 
fliall be, and then both Houfes of Parliament {hall 
have Liberty to chufe one of them as they ftiall 
think fit. 

3. That a Committee of both Houfes be ap- 
pointed to be fent to the King with the Three Pro- 
pofitions \ and that a Vote touching the Place of" 
the Treaty be delivered to the Lords at a Confe-- 

Which not fatif- This Report being ended, the Lords fell into 
fying the Houfe Confideration of the Reafons now offered at this 
of Lords, Conference, by the Commons, in Support of their 

former Vote for the Three Propofitions to be ten- 
dered to the King before a Treaty ; and, after 1 
fome Debate, the Queftion was put, Whether this 
Houfe do adhere to their own Vote of the 3Oth of 
"June laft, ' Not to infift upon the Three Propofi- 
tions before the Treaty be begun,' notwithftanding 
the Reafons offered this Day by the Houfe of Com- 
mons at a Conference? It was refolved in the Af- 
firmative. And a Committee was appointed to 
draw up Reafons to be offered at a Conference 
with the Houfe of Commons, in Anfwer to thofej 
delivered at the laft free Conference, for adhering 
to their Vote for the King's granting the Three 
They appoint a Propofitions before the Treaty j which, the next 
Committee to Day, were reported by the Lord North, as follows: 

draw up an An- * ' 

fwer to the Com- 
mons Reafons* The Anfwer to the hrft Reafon, urged by the 


' The Counties that prefs for an immediate free 
Perfonal Treaty with the King towards a Peace, 
cannot, wilh like Reafon, urge Conclufions de- 



?f ENGLAND. . 337 

fbruftive to the public Security upon a Treaty ; nor An. 24 Car. 
will there be any proportionable Reafbn for the Par- 
liament to coinply with fuch a Defire. Tu 

The Anfwer to the Second Reafon : 

* How neceflury ibever the Threu Proportions 
may be, in Concluflon, for Safety in a Peace, pro- 
vided that the Circumilance of a Treaty be fecure ; 
they cannot be conceived fo neceflary to go before 
a Peace and a Treaty, more than hitherto they 
have been to our Subfiftance during the War. 

The Anfwer to the Third Reafon : 

* Though the Three Propofitions are new to 
neither Party, and that the King hath expreffed 
fome Inclination to give Satisfaction to them, yet 
he hath ever affirmed that he would be conclud- 
ed by nothing till the End of the Treaty ; where- 
upon much Time may be fpent in little Hope of 

The Anfwer to the Fourth Reafon : 
' As to the Inconveniences fuppofed to enfue in. 
cafe the Treaty take not Effect, whereunto might 
be added many more if not provided for, it is con- 
ceived a fufficient Anfwer, That all Things will 
remain in the fame State as when the Treaty be- 
gun, which cannot be apprehended any Lofs of 

* Upon the whole Matter, the Lords do not con- 
ceive that their preceding Reafons are anfwered by 
what was delivered at the laft Meeting ; and find- 
ing no further Satisfaction, whereupon to alter 
their Opinions, omitting much more that might be 
offered in Support thereof, they ftill continue to 
think good that a convenient Treaty may be ad- 
mited, without Infifting upon the Three Propofi- 
tions to be granted before-hand.' 

The Houfe of Lords approved of thefe Reafon & 
drawn up by their Committee, and ordered them to 
be offered to the Commons at another Conference. 


The Tarllamentary HISTORY 

The fame Day, "July 22, the Commons fent up? 


An. 24. Car. I. 

* 6 4 8 ' a Meffage to acquaint the Lords with a Refolution 
~\V they had taken to recall the Members of their Houfe 
that were Commiffioners in Scotland, that fo their 
"The Parliament Lordfhips might fend for theirs if they thought fit 5 
Ordered accordingly. 

" which 


A Letter from 
Yarmouth, con- 
cerning the 
Prince of Wales' s 
appearing on 
board a Fleet off 
that Port. 

July 27. This Day the following Letfer was pre- 
fented to the Houfe of Lords, addrefled to the 
Committee of Lords and Commons at Derby- 
Hoitfe, from the Bailiffs of Yarmouth : 

Right Honourable, 

WE received your Letter of the 20th In- 
ftant, informing us of two Companies 
by you ordered to be drawn down into our Town, 
the one from Capt. Brewjler, the other from 
Norwich, for our Defence and Afliftance, in cafe 
the revolted Ships fnould make their Defcent hi- 
ther. Before the Receipt of which Letter, viz. 
on Saturday laft at Noon-Tide, the Ships were 
come and at an Anchor in the Road, to the great 
Amazement of all the Beholders ; the Prince of 
Wales, Prince Rtfyert, and divers Lords and many 
Gentlemen being in them (/). 
' We flood upon our Defence^ and forthwith 
addrefled Letters to the Committee for the Coun- 
ty of Norfolk, and to Norwich, to Capt. Brew- 
Jier, in Suffolk, to Sir John Wentworth and others, 
for Affiftance ; which very readily they gave us, 
and had Major Jertny with his Troop very active 
for us, and other Forces provided by his Excel- 
lency to be fent down unto us. We waited for 
fome Meflengers or Meffage to be fent unto us 
from the Prince, but none came ; yet we fieard,\ 
from the Seamen that were on board, that his 
Highnefs took great Offence at fome conceived 
Difcourtefies from the Town ; and that fending 
fome Meffengers on Shore to provide Flefli- 
Victuals, they were not fuffered to come on 


(f) The Lords WilhugMy of Parbam, Wtlmot, fiopton, 
Sir Jeffrey Palmer, Ac. Wbitlecke, 319 

of E N G L A N D. 339 

Shore, but driven back by the Troopers , where- An - *4 Car - T 

upon we thought fit to fend two of our Brethren v _ ^^ 

on board the Prince, and did it this Day in the ~ July] 

Morning, to fatisfy his Highnefs touching thofe 

Mifapprehenlions ; which was very well taken 

by him, and very good Refpedt given to our 

Meflengers ; and this only defired, that we fhould 

accommodate his Highnefs with fome fmall Pro- 

vifions for his Money, (which was readily af- 

fented unto) and expreffing to them that there 

were no Defigns upon this Place, or for the Ships 

to come hither, but that they were driven into 

the Road by crofs Winds, going for the Do^vns^ 

on Friday laft, and would be gone again the firft 

fair Wind. His Highnefs was pleafed to give a 

fair Difmiffion to our Meflengers, and the Wind 

coming more to the Weft this Afternoon, the 

Ships weighed Anchor and fet Sail, and are gone , 

to the Downs. 

4 Yefterday the two Companies, ordered by yoift* 

Honours for our Affiftance, being fent down, we 

advifed with Sir John Went-worth, Major Jerniy, 

and Mr. Breivfter, to have them drawn up, one 

Company on the right Side of the Town, and the 

other Company on the left Side, without En- 

trance into the Town j which was affented unto 

by all Parties, as being thought more convenient, 

and to do better Service than to come in. 

' This is all the Account we can give your Ho- 

nours in thefe Affairs, which we humbly pray 

may be accepted, together with our humble 

Thanks for the great Care of the Safeguard and 

Security of our Town ; and fo relying upon your 

Favours, with a Tender of our humble Duties 

and Service, we reft 

Tour Honours mo/l humble Svrvantf, 


P. S. ' This inclofed Copy was delivered to our 
* Meflengers that went on board, but without any 

Defire for us to engage upon the fame.' 



An. 14 Car. 



The Parliamentary Hi STORY 

The Paper referred to in the foregoing Letter^ 
which is entered in the Lords Journals, contains- 
the Heads of a Declaration from the Prince of 
Wales, fetting forth the Reafons of his Appearance 
on board the Fleet ; and ordered to be digefted into 
Form by the Lords Willougbby of Parbam, Hopton y 
Colepeper, and his Highnefs's Secretary : This, be- 
ing printed both in Rujhwortb () and Wbltlocke(iv}, 
we purpofely omit ; in order to make Way for the 
Declaration at large, which was, foon after, fent 
inclofed in the following Letter from the Prince to 
the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Coun- 
cil of the City of London, (x). 


Right Trujfy and Well-beloved, and frujly and 
Well-beloved, we greet you well. 

WE have endeavoured by our public Decla- 
ration, which we fend you herewith to 
give Satisfaction to the whole Kingdom of Eng- 
land, in the Grounds and Reafons of our prefent 
Undertaking : But we think fit notwithstanding, 
to make a particular Addrefs to you as the moft 
confiderable Part of the Kingdom > being ex- 
tremely defirous that the City of London fhould 
be fully fatisfied that our Intentions are juft and 
honourable, and fuch as we have profefled in 
our faid Declaration, for the Peace and Happi- 
nefs of all his Majefty's Subjects : And we can- 
not defpair of gaining a Belief and Confidence 
with you, when it fhall appear that our Actions 
and Proceedings are conformable to our Profef- 
fions, and in order to thofe public Ends and that 
happy Settlement of the Kingdom, which we 
have propofed as the chief End of all our En- 

4 And becaufe there are divers Ships now flayed 
in the Downs by our Order, whereof fome of 
great Value belong to Members of the City of Lon- 

' don; 

(u) CttteElions, Vol. VII. p. 1207. (TO) Memorials, p. 320. 
(x) Both thefe are taken from the Original Edition, printed by 
in the Collections of the late Sir jrebn Napier, Bart, 

<f E N G L A N D; 341 

* don; to prevent all Misinterpretation of our In- An. 24 Car, 
4 tentions in that Particular, we think fit to af- t |64 _ 8 ' 

' fure you, that we are fo far from intending V'io- 

' lence to the Perfons or Goods of any of that City, 

' or any other particular Advantage therein, that 

* our only Aim and End is to procure a Subfift- 
' ance for the Navy under our Command ; that 

* thereby we may be enabled to protect the Ships, 
.* VefTels, and Goods-, and to fecure the Trade, 
' not only of the City of London^ but of all other 

* * his Majefty's good Subjects : And being for the 
' prefent utterly unable to provide for fo great a 

* Charge, as having been for fome Years deprived 
' as well of our own Eftate, as of the Supplies we 
' might have drawn from the Bounty of the King 

* our Royal Father, we think fit to have Recourfe to 
6 you; defining you to fupply us with the prefent Sum 
5 of 20,000 /. to be employed for the Support and 

* Subfiftance of the Navy now under our Command. 
' To this End we mall put the fame into the 

' Hands of fuch Perfons, as mail render an exact 

* Account thereof, which (hall be communicated 
.* to you ; and being thus furnifhed by you in 

* this Neceflity, for which we have no other 

* Means to make Provifion, we mail immediately 
.* discharge all Ships of Merchandize, which have 
.'* been ftayed by our Fleet, though of a far greater 
' Value than the Sum we defire ; {hall carefully 

* hereafter protect the Ships and Goods, and fe- 

* cure the Trade and- Commerce of that City, 

* which we conceive to be one of the proper and 

* natural Employments of his Majefty's Navy j 
' and for which, as for other Reafons, it hatji al- 
:* ways been maintained out of the Cuftoms paid 

* to his Majefty j out of which, as foon as it mall 
1 be in our Power, we mall take Care to have the 
' Taid Sum of 20,000 /. repaid you. 

c And fo defining a prefent Supply, the pref- 
* fing Neceffities of the Fleet admitting no De- 
;' lay, we bid you heartily farewell/ 

Given under our Hand and Seal thf 2Qtk of July, 
in the i^th Tear of the Reign of our R yal Fa- 
ther the King. 

Y 3 Tbt 


A. 24 Car. T. 



A Declaration of 

the Grounds and t 
Reafons of his 
Undertaking, ' 

f fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

e D E C L A - R A T I N of his Highnefs Prince 
CHARLES, to all his Juajg/ly's loving Subjietfs> 
concerning the Grounds and Ends of his prefent En- 
gagement upon the Fleet in the Downs. 

HO W natuially land ftrongly our particular 
Intereft inclineth us to contribute our ut- 
' mofl Endeavours towards the fettling of a well- 
' grounded and lading Peace, in all his Majefty's 
' Dominions, is notorioufly evident to every Man 
' of common Underftanding, that confidereth the 
' Relation we have to them, as Heir Apparent to 
1 the Crown, together with the Meafurc of our 
' prefent Sufferings, and the Portion which we arc 

* to expect in fuch a happy Settlement : Befides, 

* which particular Confideration, we find ourfelf 

* charged with a more public Duty, both to the 
' King our Father in his prefent Diftrefs, as like- 

* wife to all his loyal Subjects in this their com- 
' mon Calamity, obliging us to lay hold on all 
' Opportunities which (hall be offered us, proper 
' to obtain this bleffed Peace j That only being able 

* to free his IV^ajefty and all his good People from 
' their prefent Sufferings, and to reftore him and 
them to that Happinefs which the Practices, 
' Power, and Violence of evil Men, the now Ene- 
' mies of Peace, have bereaved them of. 

4 This bleffed Peace is that which we humbly 

* and earneftly implore of Almighty God in our 

* daily Prayers ; and which is, and fliail be, the 

* principal and ultimate End of all our Councils 

* and Refolutions, and particularly of this our pre- 
< fent Undertaking j on which we beg a Blefling 

* of the God of Peace, as this our Profeffion is real 
' and fincere. Neither ought it to feem ftrange to 

* any, that, thus profefiing for Peace, we now ap- 
4 pear in Arms, as well in Perfon at Sea, as like- 

* wife by our Correfpondency and Commiffions at 
' Land ; fmce the Malice and wicked Arts of thefe 
' Peace-haters, againft whom we now declare as 

* public Enemies to God and good Men, have 

* rendered all other Endeavours to obtain the fame 
' vain and ineffectual ; and, thereby utterly ob- 

* ftruiting all Means of Reconciliation betwixt his 

5 Majefty 

of E N G L A N D. 343 

f -Majefty and his People, have compelled us to thi'sAn- 24 Car - 

* laft, and indeed only, Expedient that is left us : So ^_ _ 
' that, being thus neceflkated either to fit ftill as un- , 

* concerned, whilft the King our Father is a clofe 
-* Prifoner in the Power of his Enemies, and whilit 

* all his good People lie miferably groaning under 

* the cruel Tyranny of Fellow-Subjects j or, by 

* Force of Arms, to endeavour to free him and 

* them from thefe unheard-of Outrages : As our 
4 Election in this Cafe is eafily made, fo ought 
* all Men to look upon us thus engaged as acting 

* in order to that Peace, and profecuting the only 

* Means left to obtain the fame. 

* Being thus rightly underftood by thofe whofe 
' Intereft, as well as their Duty, obligeth them to 

* join with us in this good Work ; as we fhall, in 

* the firft Place, look up to Heaven for a BlefHng 

* from the Lord of Hofts on this good Caufe, fo 
-' we fhall defire, and expect, the ready and chear- 

* ful Afliftance of the Hearts and Hands of all his 

* Majefty's good Subjects, as Opportunity, effec- 
6 tually to appear with and for us, fhall be offered 

* to them. And that the ufual cunning Arts of 

* their and our Enemies may not abufe any of them 

* with falfe Suggeftions or Mifinterpretations of 
4 our Proceedings, we hereby, with that Candour 

* and Sincerity which becomes a Chriftian and a 

* Prince, declare and publifh to the whole World, 
* That the true Grounds, Reafons, and Ends of 

* this our Engagement are thefe, and none other: 

i. * The Honour of God's holy Name, in the 

-* Defence of the truj Proteftant Religion, and his 

" Divine Worfhip, againft all Oppofers whatfoever; 

and particularly againft the Herefies, Schifms, 

fcandalous Doctrines and Practices declared 

againft in his Majefty's Agreement with the Scots 

CommiflLoners, bearing Date at Carijbrook-CaJllt 

the 26th Day of December laft (y) ; and the Ef- 

tabiiihing of Church-Government as is therein 

mentioned, and accorded to by his Majefty, as 

alfo the mutual Performance of that Agreement. 

Y 4 2. * The 

( y) The Motives to the King's /igning this Agreement, an<i the Ar- 
ticle's thereof, may be feea in Lord Clawdtn, Vol. V.p, tot t lot 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

2. The Refloring of his Majefty to his Liberty 
and juft Rights ; and in order thereunto, and for 
the fettling of a happy Peace, a fpeedy Perfonal 
Treaty with his Majefty, with Honour, Free- 
dom, and Safety. 

3. ' The Support and Defence of the known 
Laws of the Kingdom. 

4.. ' The Maintenance of the Freedom and juft 
Privileges of Parliament. 

5. ' The Defence of the Liberty and Property 
of the Subject againft all Violence, Rapine, and 
OppreiEcn ; fuch as Excife, Contribution, Free- 
quarter, and all other illegal Taxes. 

6. ' The Obtaining of fuch an Act of Oblivion 
and Indemnity as may moft firmly bind up the 
Bond of Peace. 

7. * The fpeedy Difoanding of all Armies, and 
particularly that uncier the Command of the Lord 

8. ' The Defence of the Honour of the Englijh 

* Nation, and his Majefty's Rights in the Narrow 
; Seas ; the Protection and Security of the Trade 
1 of all his Majefty's loyal Subjects ; the Support 
1 of the Navy Royal, and the Encouragement of 
' all the Officers and Mariners of the fame, to 
' whofe exemplary Courage, Conduct, and good 

* Affections, we owe this prefcnt Opportunity, 
' with them, thus to appear for Peace. 

* And now, having thus fully and fmcerely de- 

* clared our Intentions and Refolutions, we ear- 
' neftly invite, and (by the Authority as well in- 
4 herent in our Perfon during his Majefty's Re- 
' ftraint, as alfo derived particularly and formally 

* from him, under the Great Seal of England) do 

* require and command, all his Majefty's loyal Sub- 
' ]ects heartily to join and aflbciate themfelves with 
' us in this our Undertaking ; and, with Force of 
1 Arms under us, as likewife by all other good 
4 Means in their Power, to oppofe and refift all 

* fuch Perfons and Forces, as well by Land as Sea, 
as fhall oppofe us and this blefied Peace : As 
' likewife to be aiding and affifting to all fuch as 


are now in Arms againft thofe Enemies of Peace j An 
' and particularly to encourage, aid, and relieve, 
* as Friends and Brethren, the 'Scots Army, now 
' on their March for his Majefty's Refcue ; of 
' whofe Loyalty to his Majefly, and good Affec- 
' tions to the Kingdom of England, we are fully 
fatisfied. And we more efpecially exhort the 
1 City of London and the Port-Towns of England, 
' upon whofe Actions the Eyes of the whole King- 
dom are particularly fixed, by their good Ex- 
ample, to encourage all the People of England 
manfully to fhake off the heavy Yoke now im- 
4 pofed on them by Force of Arms, as on a con- 
' quered Nation ; and inftead of that lawlefs 
Power which now depriveth them of the Secu- 
' rity of their Perfons, and the Property of their 
Goods and Eftates, to vindicate the juft Rights 
of free-born Subjects of England, in feeking their 
' Protection under the Government of their un- 
doubted Sovereign Lord our Royal Father, and 

* the Law of the Land. 

4 Upon thefe Foundations, by the Bleffing of 
c God on the chearful and effectual Concurrence 

* of the now undeceived People of England, we 

* (hall yet hope for fuch a fpeedy Conclufton of the 

* prefent Diffractions, as may prevent the further 
4 unnatural Effufion of Chriftian and EngliJJ)}$\ooA t 
' and the Miferies of a new War : To which End, 
4 that all Prejudices whatsoever, fo far as poffibly 
' fhall be in our Power, may be removed, we fur- 
4 ther declare, That we (hall not only willingly 
' decline the unpleafing Memory of all that is paft, 
4 fo far as may concern any, who, upon this our 
Invitation, {hall return to their Duty ; but fhall 

* very particularly accept of, and efteem the Per- 

* fons and Afliftanceof thofe, howfoever formerly 
4 mi fled, which {hall now join with us : And, in 
4 particular, we hereby promife, that all fuch Of- 

* ficers and Soldiers in the Lord Fairfax's Army, 
4 without Exception ; as likewife all fuch Officers 
4 and Seamen with the Earl of Warwick (of the 

* good Affections of moft of whom we are well af- 

4 fured) 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

{ fured) as {hall, upon the fir/I proper Opportunity, 
< quit that their Engagement, (hall be fully fatisfied 
' ^ tne * r ^ a y anc ^ Arrears ^ ue unto tne m, with Af- 

* furance of iuch Indemnity as they {hall propound, 
' and ihall be fafely received into our Prote&ion 

* and Care. 

* In thelaft Place; we {hall defire, that no in- 
' terefted Perfons will mifmterpret the prefent Stop 
* of any Veflels, or Merchandizes, now made by 
' us here in the Downs j our Intention not being to 
' break Bulk, or alter the Property of the Owner 

* thereof, except we {hall be compelled thereunto 

* by the Refufal of fuch reafonable and necefiary 
f Support for our Navy as may enable them and us 
to fubfift, and proceed in our prefent Undertaking. 
' Which Demand of ours, herewith fent to the 

* City of London^ we hope no Man will think un- 
' reafonable who confiders, that, by the Laws of 

< the Land and Practice of all Times, the Cuf- 
f toms and Sea-Duties have been granted, and 

* ought to be employed, for the Maintenance of the 
' King's Navy, as the proper and natural Provifion 

* for the fame. 

And now, for Conclufion of what we have to 
fay, we conjure all the good Subjects of England^ 
by the Duty they owe to God and Man, and by 

< all that is precious to themfelves, that they be not 

* difcouraged in their Attempt to free the Nation 

* from the Tyranny they live under j by obtaining, 

* maugre all Oppofition, this blefled Peace (it be- 
f ing vifible to all Men, and confefled even by thofe 
that live upon the Spoil of the People, that no- 
thing but a fpeedy Peace can preferve the King- 
f dom from 'utter Ruin j) but, on the contrary^ 

* that they join and aflbciate themfelves as one 

< Man, againft the Power and Practices of all Per- 
f fons whatfoever, who, under fpecious Pretences, 

* propofe to themfelves their particular ambitious 
f fends in the Change of the happy Government of 

< England; which, if not thus prevented, will ne- 
f ceffitate not only the Continence of the prefent 
4 Miferies, but will entail the fame to Pofterity, 


of E N G ly A N D. 

* snd kindle a bloody War for many Generations An 

* to come j which God of his Mercy avert. 

Annexed to this Declaration and Letter was a 
Lift of the Ships which had joined the Prince, 


Sbipj Names. Tons. Guns. 

Conflant Reformation 850 - 50 
Convertinc, --- 650 -- 40 -- 
3 wallow, ---- 650 -- 36 -- 
Antelope, --- 600 -- 36 -- 
Satisfaction, -- 300 -- 28 - 
Conftant Warwick -- 250 -- 24 -- 
Blackmoor Lady, 180 -- 18 -- 
Crefcent, 80 -- 15 - 
Roebuck, ~ 70 - -- 15 - 
pelican, 60 -- 12 -- 

3690 274 JJOO 

Thefe revolted Ships had perplexed the Parlia* 
jnent very much. Some Orders had been made to 
allow Time for them to come in, and their whole 
Arrears to be paid them : All which having no Ef-* 

July 28. The Commons fent up to the Lords whereupon both 
the following Vote for their Concurrence : * That Houfes give Or- 
the Earl of Warwick, Lord-High-Admiral of Eng- J? 8 ^?^ 
land, be authorifed and required to fight with the ^t with the 
revolted Ships ; or any Perfon or Perfons, of any revolted Part of 
Condition or Quality whatfoever, that (hall be up- 
on the faid Ships; or (hall join with them; or (hall 
any way oppoie the Power and Authority of Par- 
liament. 3 -- The Earl of Pembroke having expref- 
fed great Earneftnefs in favour of this Refolution of 
the Commons, the Earl of Lincoln flood up (y] and 
defired the Lords to confider that the Prince of 
Wales was on board one of th,e revolted Ships, and 
he hoped that Noble Peer would not have a Com- 
iniffion granted fo at large as to kill the Prince. 


(y} Mercxn'tis Pragmatictii, N 184 

348 72tf Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. To which trje Earl of Pembroke anfwered with 
t l4-8 ' , great Warmth, That he loved the Prince as weli 
~* JV ~~ as himfelf ; and if he were out of the Houfe he 
would call the Earl of Middlefex to Account for his 
Words. To this the : latter replied, He knew not 
what Spirit might be in the Earl of Pembroke now he 
was an old Man, but that he was fure his Lordfhip 
was of another Temper when he was young. At 
length the Queftion being put for concurring with 
the Commons in giving Power to the Lord-Admiral 
as propofed, it pafTed in the Affirmative j but the 
Earls of Rutland, Suffolk, Lincoln, Middlefex, and 
the Lord Hunfdon^ entered their Diflent. 

And agree to a The ^ ame Day the Commons took into Confi- 
Terfcnai Treaty deration the Manner of fettling a Peace with the 
with tb- King in King ; and the Queftion being put to adhere to 
W * ht ' their former Vote, ' That the King ftiould affent to 
the Three Proportions previous to a Treaty, 1 it 
psfled in the Negative by 71 againft 64. Then it 
was refolved, That a Treaty be had in the Ifle of 
IVigbt^ with the King in Perfon, by a Committee 
appointed by both Houfes, upon all the Propofi- 
tions prefented to him at Hampton-Court^ and for 
the taking away of Wards and Liveries, for fettling 
a fafe and well-grounded Peace. But it being 
moved, to add thefe Woids and not elfewkere, the 
Yeas and Noes were each 57, Whereupon the 
Speaker turned the Scale by giving his Vote againft 
the Addition propofed. A remarkable Inftance of 
the Equality of the Prefbyterian and Independent 
Parties at this Juncture. 

'July 29, The foregoing Vote being fent up to 
the Lords, they not only agreed to it, out alfo fent 
2 Mefiage to the other Houfe to defire, That the 
Committee for Peace might meet the next Day, to 
confiderof all the Circumftances neceflary for the 
fafe and fpeedy carrying on this Treaty with the 
King -, in particular, That his Majefty might be, 
\vith Honour, Freedom, and Safety, in fuch Place 
in the Ifle of Wiht as he (hould make Choice of; 


tf E N G L A N D. 349 

h<3 alfo concerning the Time when the faid An - *4 Car. I. 
treaty {hould begin. To both which Defires the ^ * 6 *_ , 
Commons agreed. July. 

We mall conclude our Account of the Proceed- 
ings of this Month with a Speech made by Sir John 
Maynard^ (one of the Eleven Members accufed 
by the Army, and lately reftored to his Seat in the 
Houfe) on behalf of the famous Colonel John Lil- 
kurne, of whom frequent Notice has been taken 
in this Parliament. The laft Mention we made of 
him was in Jul'j 1646 (z), when he was fentenced 
by the Houfe of Lords to pay a Fine of 4000 /. 
and to be committed to the Tower for feven Years, 
where he had continued Prifoner ever fince, altho* 
many Attempts had been made in Parliament for 
his Releafe. 

This Speech made by a Member of fo great 
Eminence, and which is a fummary Recapitula- 
tion of Col. Lilburnis whcle Cafe, we find no 
where but in our own Collection of Pamphlets (a] : 
It runs thus : 

Mr. Speaker, 

' TT7 E are called hither as Truftees and Repre- sir John May- 
W fentatives of the People j and it is our Du- nard ' s Speech ia 
ty to reprefent to you the Grievances of any which tenant-CoknT 
are injured or opprefied : To be as careful of them John Lilbume, 
as of ourfelves, being; the eflential Part of our Pri- P Tifoner in thq 
vileges. Tower - 

' The Law of the Land is every Englijhman's 
Birth-right j and you are the Confervators of the 
Law, in which we wrapped up our Lives, Liber- 
ties and Eftates. 

* Mr. Speaker : Without any further Preamble 
or Introduction, I mail acquaint you briefly with the 
Sufferings of Lieutenant-Colonel John Lilburne y 
who hath been imprifoned two Years illegally by 
the Lords, who by Law have no Jurifdition over 
Commoners, in criminal Cafes, againft their Wills. 

* About 

(z) In our Fifteenth Volume, p. 15, et fef. 

(a) London, printed for J, Harris, Aug* it, 164?, 

e fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

e About four Years fince, there was a great- 
falling out betwixt Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburne, 
and Colonel King his Officer ; both faithful Men 
to your Service 4 and of high Spirits, fierce and re- 
folute : The Difference grew to fuch a Height, 
that Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburne complained to his 
Commander in Chief, the Earl of Manchejler, that 
Colonel King had betrayed Croudakdi &c. and 
humbly befought his Lordmip to call a Council of 
War, and he would make good his Accufation. 
The Earl of Manchejler, 'hoping to compofe the 
Difference, put it off, and Lieutenant-Colonel Lil- 
burne perfifted j but, feeing Juftice delayed, he came 
to London, and divulged abroad that Colonel King 
was a Traitor to his Truft j whereupon Colonel 
King fued him, at Common-Law, in an AcYiotv 
of 2000 /. and Lieutenant-Colonel Lilkurne appli- 
ed himfelf to the Houfe of Commons, praying that 
the whole Bufmefs might be heard and tried at a 
Council of War, by that Ordinance which was- 
eftablifhed in the Earl of Eflejfs Articles ; they be- 
ing both Soldiers, and having fubje&ed themfelves 
to the Law Martial : For Lieutenant-Colonel Lil- 
Ittme knew, by the Letter of the Common Law* 
he was gone, it being Treafon by the Com- 
mon Law to hold a Fort or Caftle againft the 

c It feems this Bufmefs depended before Judge 
Reeves, who was a faithful worthy Judge, and ne- 
ver deferted the Parliament, but adhered when we 
were in the loweft Condition : But Lieutenant-Co- 
lonel Lilburne, being young and hot, wrote a Let- 
ter to Judge Reeves, wherein he expreffed himfelf 
in acrimonious Language, which had better been 
forborne ; and, in a fatyrical Way, (hewed how he 
was hardly dealt withal both by him and the Earl 
of Manchefter; and fpake Truth in fharp Language, 
viz. That the "Judges took inany extraordinary Fees 
which they cmld not jttftify by Law ; that the Proceed- 
ings in their Courts were fo irregular , that no Man 
knew where to find them ; and that the Earl of Man- 
chefter had d>.lc]tidhim 'Jujlicc^ c?V. 

' Hereupon. 

^/ENGLAND. 351 

* Hereupon he was convened before the Lords. * ****' *' 
The Earl of Manchejler, being Speaker of the . * * ' ^ 
Houfe of Peers pro Tempcre, afked Lieutenant- j u jy 
Colonel Lilburne^ Whether he did not deliver to 

Judge Reeves fuch a fcandalous Paper ? Lieutenant- 
Colonel Lilburne anfwered, That his Lordfhip was 
Judge and Party in his own Caufe ; that he was in 
England and not in Spain \ and the Quaere put un-^ 
to him was like the Oath** Officio^ which Proceed- 
ings they themfelves had condemned as tyrannical 
and unjuft, a little before in his own Cafe : That 
by Law no Man ought to be afked fuch an enfnar- 
ing Queftion, whereby he might condemn liimfelf; 
that if he had offended, the Law was open ; and 
therefore he appealed to the Houfe of Commons, as 
his competent Judges, being his Peers and Equals j 
and then delivered his Proteft againft their Jurifdic- 
tion : Whereupon he was commanded to withdraw^ 
and committed to Prifon for fo Protefling. 

* Not long after he was fent for a fecond Time 
before the Lords, and commanded to kneel, which 
he abfolutely refufed, as a Subjection to their Ju- 
rifdiclion ; fo they remanded him to Prifon to be 
kept clofe, not fufferfng Wife, Child, or any other 
Friend to come to him for the Space of three 
Weeks ; nor allowing him to enjoy the Benefit of 
Pen, Ink, or Paper. 

' After three Weeks Imprifonment, he was again 
forced before the Lords, into whofe Houfe he went 
with his Hat on his Head ; and, being there, re- 
fufed to hear his Charge read : This was raflily 
done j but you know, Mr. Speaker, what Solomon 
faith, OppreJJton will make a -wife Man mad. Af- 
ter Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburne had made this one 
Fault, (for I conceive he had committed none fee- 
fore, but that the Injuftke refted upon the Lords) 
he was fined 4000 /. for his Contempt, and feven 
Years Imprifonment. Upon the whole Matter t 
befeech you judge in Point of Law and Equity, 
Whether this was not like a Council -Table or S tar- 
Chamber Sentence ? And I pray obferve likrwife 
the Warrant, which the Judges contefied was il- 

352 The Parliamentary H i s T o R r 

An. 24 Car. I. legal, when Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburne pleaded 

l6 4 8> upon his Habeas Corpus. 

~~ j u v lv> * I (hall acquaint you with fome Precedents, 

where you have relieved Commoners committed 
by the Lords, and fined in this Parliament, in the 
like Cafe. Col. King having a Difference with the 
Lord Wilioughby of Parkam, the Lords took upon 
them to hear the Caufe againft Col. King's Will ; 
they fined him 500 /. and committed him to the 
Fleet. Col. King appealed to the Houfe of Com- 
mons, and fhewed that the Lords had no Jurii"- 
di&ion over him ; and fo he was releafed by the 
Houfe of Commons, and the Fine difcharged. 

' Capt. Maffey^ under the Command of Col. 
Manwarjng, being one of the Guards who had 
opened the Commiffioners of Scotland's Packets, be- 
ing for the fame committed to the Fleet , the Houfe 
of Commons releafed him; and inclined to have re- 
warded him. The Cafe was the fame with this, 
and the like Proceedings, as to Mr. William Lar- 
ner y Bookfellsr, his Brother, and his Maid. 

' But that which is moft obfervable is, that Mr. 
Richard Overto-n^ who affronted the Lords more 
than Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburne^ by protefting to 
their Faces againft them, at his firft coming before 
them ; and afterwards appealed to the Houfe of 
Commons, and all the Commons of England^ and 
particularly to the General and whole Army ; yet 
notwithftanding, the Lords approved of his Pro- 
teftation, by their releafing him out of Prifon, with- 
out ftooping to them : But Lieutenant-Colonel 
L^lburne hath lain two Years, and above, in Prifon ; 
and all his Eftate kept from him, to the Hazard of. 
ftarving him, his Wife, and Children. 

' Mr. Speaker : You have formerly heard the Re- 
port at large made by Mr. Maynard-, and there- 
upon you gave him his Liberty to follow his Af- 
fairs, though you did not abfolutely determine the 
Bufinefs : But fuch is his Misfortune, thathe is fince 
committed by a Warrant of this Houfe, upon the 
ftngle Information of one Mr. Majierfon^ a Mini- 
fter, who was not fworn : And truly, Mr, Speaker,, 

I con- 


I Conceive it one of his greateft Sins and Errors An 
that he hath committed, via. His idolizing this 
Houfe j for he believes that you are the Supreme 
Authority, and the Chief Judicatory, in reprefertt- 
ing the People^ from whom all Power is derived ; 
according to that Maxim, ^uicquid efficit tale$ ejl 
magis tale : But I have {hewed him the contrary > 
as you may find it in the firft of Henry the IVth, 
Mem. 14. N. 79, where the Commons made their 
Proteftation, That they had no Jurifdiftion birt in 
making of Laws, and Money Matters, as granting Sub" 
Jidies, &c (). And truly I conceive it not honour- 
able nor juft, that we, that are Legiflators^ (hould 
be Adminiftrators or Executioners of Juftice ; but 
to leaVe thefe petty Things to the Conftables, Juf- 
tices, and Judges, whom we may call to Queftion, 
and punifh if there be Occaiion. 

' Mr. Speaker : I dare not fpeak againft your 
Warrant for what is paft ; but I pray obferve, it is 
a Prifon Door with two Locks and Bolts upon it ; 
fo that it is impoffible the Prifoner fhould ever get 
out, but die in Prifon. 

' Lieutenant- Colonel Lilburne is committed in 
order to his Trial at Law, and yet is debarred all 
Law ; for, upon his Pleading, when he had brought 
his Habeas Carpus, the Judges confefled the War- 
rant to be illegal, and yet they durft not releafe 
him : Secondly, The Caufe is general, which is 
nothing in Law^ viz. For treasonable and f editions 
Practices, &c. But Sir Edward Coke tells us the 
particular Treafon is to be exprefled ; and that 
which is worft of all, the W^ord of God doth not 
warrant it : For Fejlus, the Pagan and corrupt 
Judge, who expe&ed a Bribe from poor Paul, 
would not fend him to Ctefar without fpecifying 
the Caufe in his Mittimus, 

* It is not in the Power of Parliaments to make 
a Law againft the Law of God, Nature, or necef- 
fary Reafon ; and it was the chief Caufe why Emp~ 
fen and Dudley, thole Favourites and Privy Ccun- 
fellors to Henry the VHth. were beheaded > as it 

VOL. XVII. Z appears 

(4) In our Second Volume, p, 52. 

354 2& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. appears in the Indi&ment, which you may read in 
t _ l648 - the Fourth Injlitute^ under the Chapter, Court of 
rjj Wards^ for fubverting the Fundamental Laws of 

the Land : They had an Aft of Parliament for 
their Indemnity* as 1 1 Henry the Vllth. wherein 
the Judges were authorized to proceed by Informa- 
tion, whereas by Law it fhould have been by In- 
diftment} and they were to judge by Difcretioiij 
which was contrary to Law, for it ought to have 
been by Juries of twelve Men. 

* I befeech you, for the Time to come, that we 
commit none but our own Members ; and that we 
avoid thefe old Council-Table Warrants, which 
run in Generals, during Pleafure ; which was the 
Caufe of that excellent Law, got with fo much 
Difficulty, called The Petition of Right : That/or 
abolijhing the Star-Chamber ', and regulating the Coun- 
cil-'Table) is not inferior to it. 

' I pray let us remember, and apply it to our- 
felves, how dangerous and fatal it hath ever been 
for Kings to extend and ftretch their Prerogatives 
above> and beyond, Law ; for the fame Fate be- 
fel the Council-Table, Star-Chamber, and High 
Commiflion. I pray let us keep ourfelves within 
our Sphere, and not make our Privileges^ Entia 
tranfcendentia^ which are not to be found in any 
Predicament of Law. 

' As touching Generals, I pray remember what 
you yourfelves declared, in Anfwer to the King, 
in the Cafe of the Lord Kimbolton and the five 
Members accufed ; and Alderman Penningtott^ Al- 
derman Foulky Col. Ven^ and Col. Man-waring^ 
viz. That it is again/I the Rules of 'Juftice that any 
Man foould be imprisoned upon a general Charge^ 
when no particulars are proved again/I him (^). 

* But leaving that, I fhall acquaint you what 
this brave invincible Spirit hath fuffered and done 
for you : He was profecuted by the Bifllops ; and 
five hundred Stripes with knotted Cords, fron the 
Fleet to Weftminfter ; there he was pillored and 
gagged j lay long in a nafty clofe Prifon in Irors, 


(c) H*Jkmft 

of E N G L A N D. 355 

Without Pen, Ink, or Paper, or any Company: An. 24 Car. 
Alas ! I cannot remember half his Sufferings. All l648 ' 
this was in his Youth, when but about twenty Years ^ July! 
'of Age; from which murdering Imprifonment this 
Parliament fet him free, with Dr. Baftwick^ &c. 

* Shortly after he was queftioned for his Life 
at the Lords Bar, for afferting the Privileges of 
Parliaments, and was accufed, by a fmgle Wit- 
nefs, of Treafon ; but he was cleared by other 
Witnefles, and difcharged by the Lords. When 
the Parliament was about to be forced, he fought 
with the Cavaliers, and brought many Friends to 
aflift in the Court of Requefts. He was one of 
the firft that took up Arms, and behaved himfelf 
bravely at Keiritun, where he kept the Field all 
Night. Afterwards, he fought ftoutly at Brent- 
fordy but was taken Prifoner ; ufed cruelly, got a 
peftilential Fever in the Caftle of Oxford, and was 
arraigned for his Life before Sir Robert Heath and 
Sir Thomas Gardiner: There he aflerted the Parlia- 
ment's Caufe, haVihg the Obfervator without Book ; 
and fpake more for us than many of us are able to 
fpeak for ourfelves. He relieved with JVloneVj and 
held up the Spirits of his Fellow-Prifoners. He 
tefifted ftrong Temptations from feveral Lords, 
Who offered him great Preferment. He was an 
eminent A6lor in that famous Battle in Marjlon- 
Moor ; took in Tickhill Caftle with only four 
Troops of Dragoons; and, for his Pains, had like 

to have been hanged. You muft pardon me for 

injuring him, for I am not able to remember half 
his Services to the Public. 

* ' For all his Sufferings and Actings for you, I 
befeech you, 

Firjly * Take off the Mark of your own Dif- 
pleafure, which wounds him to the Heart. 

Secondly, ' Difcharge him from the Lords Im- 

Laftly, * Pay him his Arrears ; and ' pafs the 

Order into an Ordinance for 2ocO/. out of the 

Eftates of thofe which gave that wicked,. cruel, 

Woody, and tyrannical Judgment againft him n the 

Z 2 Star' 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Star-Chamber. Thefe are your own Expreflions 

^ in your Vote of May 5, 1641. 

Auguft. ' Mr. Speaker, I have forgot one material Thing, 

which is this : You have allowed Lieutenant-Co- 
lonel Lilburne 40 s. a Week, but he hath not re- 
ceived one Penny ; neither is he in any Hope of it, 
for he cannot flatter, or comply ; befides this fup- 
pofed Gift of yours hath almoft ftarved him, for 
his Friends in the Country, thinking he had receiv- 
ed it, have thereupon withdrawn their Benevo- 
lence ; and he and his Family are thereby expofed 
to Want and Mifery.' 

On the firft of Auguft this Argument of Sir John 
Maynard, in favour of Col. Lilburne, was followed 
by a Petition figned by a great Number of eminent 
Citizens, and prefented to the Commons (d) : But 
this we omit, all the Allegations thereof being com- 
prifed in the foregoing Speech ; obferving only that 
after the Petitioners were withdrawn, the Houfe 
patted the following Refolutions : 

1. That the Order of Reftraint of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Lilburne, be taken off and difcharged. 

2. * That a Meflage be fent to the Lords, ex- 
prefsly to recommend him, and to defire them to 
take ofF their Hand of Reftraint from him. 

3. ' That it be referred to a Committee to 
confider how he may have Satisfaction and Allow- 
ance for his Sufferings, as was formerly intended 
to him by this Houfe. 

4. ' That it be recommitted to the Committee 
of Accounts to ftate and audit his Accounts. And 

5. ' That a Conference be defired with the 
Lords for his Enlargement.' 

Inconfequenceof Thefe Refolutions of the Commons were car- 

jjj, ^* ~ riedupthe next Day to the Lords ; whereupon 

they immediately made an Order for his Difcharge, 

and for taking off the Fine and ^Sentence impofed 

upon him by their Lordfhips. 


(d) This Petition, faid to be fubfcribed by near 10,000 Hands, is 
annexed to the foregoing Speech 5 as are alfo the Refolutions of both 
Houfes in Col. Lilburnfi Favour. 

^ENGLAND. 357 

'Jlug. 2. The Lords fent a MefTage to the Com- An ' * 6 * g Car ' K 
mons, fignifying, That they had nominated the . * * ' , 
Earl of Middlefex, and defiring the other Houfe Auguft. 
to add two of their Members ; to wait on his Ma- 
jefty, as a Committee from both Houfes, with all A committee of 

convenient Speed, to acquaint him with their Re- both " oufes a P' 
r . . r / i T TL pointed to wait 

lolutions concerning a rerfonal 1 reaty. 1 his upon t j ie Kingi 

Meflage being taken into Confideration by the with their Votes 
Commons, they proceeded to nominate two Mem- ^^ PerfoBal 
bers of their Houfe to be Commiflkmers to wait on 
the King. Mr. Bitlkley was propofed and agreed 
upon for one, without Oppofition. The Prefby- 
terian Party having named Mr. Povcy to be the fe- 
cond, the Independents propofed Sir James Har- 
rington^ who had formerly been a Servant of the 
Crown ; but he was excepted againft by Sir Har- 
bottle Grim/Ion, who faid, He was lorry it fhould 
be his Lot to fpeak againft any Member of the 
tfoufe in particular ; but that he conceived Sir 
James Harrington a very unfit Man to prefent a 
Meflage to the King, becaufe he did remember, 
and his Majefty was fince informed, That when a 
Motion was made heretofore, in the Houfe, for an 
Impeachment to be drawn up againft the King, he 
was the only Man that did fecond it ; and cqnfe- 
quently could be no welcome Meflenger to his 
Majefty : He therefore defired the Houfe to pitch 
upon fome other. This was zealoufly oppofed by 
Mr. Curdon, who faid, It was malicioufly done 
to except againft any Man for delivering of his 
Confcience, which was no juft Ground of Excep- 
tion : To this it was anfwered, That the Ex- 
ception agsunft Sir James Harrington was agreeable 
to former Proceedings in the Houfe ; as an Inftance' 
of which, when a Motion was made, fome Time 
ago, for fending Mr. Natbanael Fiennes as one of 
the Commiffioners into Scotland, it was over-ruled, 
becaufe that Gentleman was the Penman of a De- 
claration againft the Scots. But it being replied, 
That the Houfe was not to regard the fending to 
the King fuch Men as were acceptable to him, 
becaufe he was in the Condition of an Enemy ; 
Z 3 'to 

3.58 7be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. to this it was fmartly returned, That the Parlia r 
rrient had not yet declared the lying an Enemy^ 
therefore it was not fit for any particular Peribn tq 
do fo ; and that the Parliament could not declare 
the King an Enemy, becaufe they had taken a 
Covenant to maintain his Honour and defend his 

At length, to put an End to the Difpute, Sir 
James Harrington and Mr. Povey were both laid 
slide j and Sir John Hippejley was appointed to join 
with Mr. Bulkley and the Earl of Middlefix, in this 
EmbaiTy from both Houfes to the King. 

The next Day, Aug. 3, the Commons fent up 
a Copy of Inftructions which they had paffed, for 
the Commiffioners who were to go to the King ; 
which the Lords, on Perufal, agreed to. 

INSTRUCTIONS from both Houfes of Parliament for 
PESLEY, Knt. and JOHN BULKLEY, Efq, Com- 
mijjioners of Parliament. 

! ' \7 O ^, or an Y two ^ 7 OU > w ^ ere f one *O 
' Y be a Lord, {hall, with all Speed, repair 
' unto his Majefty at the Caftle of Carijbrook in 
< the Ifle of Wight. 

II. < You fhall prefent unto his Majefty the Re- 
' folutions of both Houfes concerning a Perfonal 
' Treaty to be had with him in that Ifland. 

III. * Todefire his Majefty's fpeedy Anfwer to 

* the faid Reiblutions. 

IV. ' To acquaint him that you had only ten 

* Days allotted for Going, Stay, and Return. 

V. ' That in cafe his Majefly defires to fee the 
f Propofitions that were prcfented him at Hampton- 

* Court, to give him a Copy thereof.' 

Ordered^ ' That one hundred Pounds be allow- 
ed for the Charges of this Expedition.* 

An Affair next offers itfelf to our Notice, which, 
had it not been defeated by the Intrigues of the In- 


E N G L A N D. 359 

dependent Party, would, in all Likelihood, have An - *4 car. .* 
put an nd to thefe tedious Debates, between , _ _^ 
the two Houfes, concerning a Perfonal Treaty; Auguft. 
prevented the Deftruction of the King, the Subver- 
fion of the Conftitution, and all the Confufions 
that followed thereupon : For, 

On the 3d of this Month Major Huntington y of 
lieutenant-General Cromwell's own Regiment, whq 
had lately refigned his Poft in the Army, prefented Major Hunting^ 
to the Houfe of Lords a Narrative of his Reafons to " prefents to 
for fo doing ; in which he charged Cromwell with ^ a c5; a f eof 
carrying on a private Negotiation with the King, High Treafon"- 
under Pretence of reftoring him to his Rights, but, E ainft Lieutenant 
in fa<a, defigning to deftroy his Majefty and the J;! e e ral Crolp - 
whole Royal Family, and to overturn both Houfes 
of Parliament, in order to his own Advancement. 

The Lords received this Narrative very favour- 
ably, and ordered it a Reading in their Houfe, 
The Major had alfo endeavoured to lay it before 
the Commons, but could not prevail upon any 
Member to prefent it : Not difcouraged at this, he 
fent it inclofed to the Speaker himfelf ; who not 
communicating it to the Houfe as defired, he ten- 
dered it to Mr. Birkkead, the Serjeant at Arms, 
who alfo refufed to meddle with it : However, fome 
Days after, the Lords fent down the Narrative to But not b 
the Commons ; but the Lord Wharton followed able to get it 
the Meflengers into the Lobby, fent for the Ser- P re <ted to the 
jeant at Arms, and defired him to give Notice to Commons ' 
the Speaker of what was coming, who contrived 
Means to prevent thofe Meflengers from being 
called in. -- AH thefe Circumftances fcem to ac- 
count for the abfolute Silence af the Commons Jour- 
nals upon this Subject, 

Mr. tPhitlocke (r) and Mr. Rujhwortb (d) take 
Notice of Major Huntingdon's preferring to the 
Houfe of Lords his Reafons for leaving the Army, 
which the latter ftyles a Narrative of pretended Car- 
riages of Lieutenant-General Cromwell ; tho' they 
both agree with the Journalifts (e] of the Times, 
Z 4 That 

(c) Memorials, p. 321. (d) CoHcfiica:, Vol. VlT. p. 1214, uai. 
(0 Mtrcuriui Pragmaticus, N jg. Mcdtratt IntdUgfncer, N 177. 

360 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 24 Car. I. That the Major made Qath before the Lords that 
^^ what he had affirmed in this Charge, as of his own 
Au ft Knowledge, was true; and what upon Hearfay, he 
believed, would be attefted ; whereupon their Lord- 
(hips ordered him to attend their Houfe, and grant- 
ed him their Prote&ion, Notwithftanding all th^s 
the whole Affair ended in Smoke ; which is thus 
accounted for by General Ludlow(g}, who writes, 
* That the malevolent Spirit, which now threat- 
ened the Parliament from the North, prevailed with 
them to difcountenance a Charge of High Trea- 
fon framed by Major Huntington^ with the Advice, 
of fome Members of both Houfes, againft Lieu- 
tenant-General Cromwell^ for endeavouring, by be- 
traying the King, Parliament, and Army, to ad- 
vance himfelf; it being manifefted that the Prefer- 
ing that Accufation at this Time, was principally 
defigned to take him off from his Command ; and 
thereby to weaken the Army, that their Enemies 
might be better enabled to prevail againft them.' 
Heeaufi-sittote Major Huntlngton finding, by all thefe Obftruc- 
irinted. tions thrown in his Way, that it was impoflible to 

prevail upon the Houfe of Commons to admit his 
Accufation againft Crormvell^ refolved to appeal to 
the People ; and accordingly publimed his Narra- 
tive with his Name fubfcribed to it. The Subject 
is too interefting to require any Apology for the 
Length of it ; and efpecially as none of the Con- 
temporaries give us fo much as an Abftraft, though 
there were two Editions of it printed on the fame 
Day ; both which are in our own Collection of 
Pamphlets : 

Sundry REASONS inducing Majar Robert Hunting- 
ton to lay down iris ComnnJJlon^ humbly presented 
to the Honourable Houfis of Parliament. 

AVING taken up Arms in Defence of the 
Authority and Power of King and Parlia* 
mnit, under the Command of the Lord Grey of 
H'erke and the Earl of Manclefler^ during their 

' feveral 

fc) Memeiri, Vok J. p. 253. 

of E N G L A N D. 

* feveral Employments, with the Forces of the An. 24 Car. I, 

* Eaftern Aflbciation ;' and, at the Modelling of 

* this Army under the prefent Lord-Genera!, hay- 
? ing been appointed, by the Honourable Houfes 
' of Parliament, Major to the now Regiment of 

* Lieutenant General Cromwell; in each of which 
' Employments I have ferved conftandy and faith- 

* fully, anfwerable to the Truft repofed in me : 

* And having lately quit the faid Employment, and 

* laid down my Commiffion, I hold myfelf tied, 
4 both in Duty and Conference, to render the true 
' Reafon thereof, which, in gercral, is briefly this : 

* Becaufe the Principles, Defigns, and Actions of 
' thofe Officers, which have a great Influence upon 

* the Army, are, as I conceive, very repugnant and 

* deftruclive to the Honour and Safety of the Par- 

* liament and Kingdom, from whom they derive 

* their Authority. The Particulars thereof, being 
' a Breviate of my fad Obfervations, will appear in 
' the following Narrative : 

' Firjl^ That upon the Orders of Parliament for 

* difbanding this Army, Lieutenant-General Cram- 
' ivell and Commiflary-General Ireton were fent 
' Commiflioners to Walden^ to reduce the Army 

* to their Obedience, yet more efpecially in order 

* to the prefent Supply of Forces for the Service 

* of Ireland: But they, contrary to the Truft re- 
pofed in them, very much hindered that Service, 

* not oply by difcountenancing thofe that were 
4 obedient and willing, but alfo by giving Encou- 

* ragement to the unwilling and difobedient ; de- 
4 claring that there had lately been much Cruelty 

* and Injuftice in the Parliament's Proceedings 

* againft them, meaning the Army. And Commif* 
' fary- General Ireton, in further purfuance thcre- 

* of, framed thofe Papers and Writings then fent 
' from the Army to the Parliament and Kingdom ; 

* faying alfo to the Agitators, That it was lawful 

* and fit for us to deny Difbanding, till we had re- 

* ceived equal and juft Satisfaction for ourpaft Ser- 

* vice: Lieutenant-General Cromwell further add- 

* ing, That we were in a double Capacity, as Sol- 

' diers 

362. The Parliamentary HISTORY 

diers and as Commoners, and having our Pay as 
Soldiers, we had fornething elfe to ftand upon 
as Commoners. And when, upon the Rendez- 
vous at Triploe-Heath, the Comm iffioners of Par- 
liament, according to their Orders, acquainted 
every Regiment with what the Parliament had 
already done, and would further do, in order to 
the Defires of the Army ; the Soldiery being be- 
fore prepared, and notwithstanding any Thing 
that could be faid or offered by the Commiffion- 
ers, ftill cried out for Ju/lice, Jujiice. 
* And for the effecting of their further Purpofes, 
Advice was given by Lieutenant-General Crom- 
well and Commiflary-General Irston, to remove 
the King's Perfon from Holdenby, or to fecuje 
him there by other Guards than thofe appointed 
by the Commiffioners of Parliament : This was 
thought moft fit to be carried on by the private 
Soldiery of the Army, and promoted by the Agi- 
tators of each Regiment; whofe firft Bufmefs 
was to fecure the Garrifon of Oxford, with the 
Guns and Ammunition there, and from thence to 
march to Holdenby, in profecution of the former 
Advice, which was accordingly acted by Cornet 
Joyce ; who, when he had done the Bufmefs, 
fent a Letter to the General then at Keinton, ac^ 
quainting his Excellency that the King was on 
his march towards Newmarket. The General 
being troubled thereat, told Commiflary-General 
Ireton that he did not like it ; demanding, with- 
all, who gave thofe Orders. He replied, That 
he gave Orders only for fecuring the King there, 
and not for taking him away from thence. Lieu- 
tenant-General Cromwell, coming then from 
London, faid, That if this had not been done, 
the King would have been fetched away by Or- 
der of Parliament; or elfe Colonel Graves, by the 
Advice of the Commiffioners, would have car- 
ried him to London, throwing themfelves upon 
the Favour of Parliament for that Service. The 
fame Day Cornet Joyce being told that the Ge- 
neral was difpleafed with him for bringing the 

' Kins 

0f ENGLAND. 363 

* King from Holdenby ; he anfwered, That Lieute- An. 24 Car. I, 
*. nant-General Cromwell gave him Orders at London 

* to do what he had done, both there and at Oxford. 

' The Perfon of the King being now in the 

* Power of the Army, the Bufinefs of Lieutenant- 
? General Cromwell was to court his Majefty, both 
t by Members of the Army, and feveral Gentle- 
' men formerly in the King's Service, into a good 

* Opinion and Belief of the Proceedings of the 

* Army, as alfo into a Diflatisfa&ion and Diflike 
' of the Proceedings of the Parliament ; pretending 

* to fhew that his Majefty 's Intereft would far better 

* fuit with the Principles of Indepedency than of 
$ Prefbytery : And when the King did alledge, as 

* many Times he did, that the Power of Parlia- 

* ment was the Power by which we fought, Lieu- 
*. tenant-General Cromwell would reply, That we 

* were not only Soldiers but Commoners ; promif- 
' ing that the Army would be for the King in the 

* Settlement of his whole Bufinefs, if the King and 

* his Party would fit ftill, and not declare, nor aft, 

* againft the Army, but give them Leave only to 
< manage the prefent Bufinefs in Hand. 

' That when the King was at Newmarket^ the 

* Parliament thought fit to fend to his Majefty, 
' humbly defiring that, in order to his Safety,- and 
their Addreflcs forafpeedy Settlement, he would 

* be pleafed to come to R.icbmond : But, contrary 

* hereunto, a Refolution was taken by the aforefai3 
4 Officers of the Army, that if the King could not 
? be diverted by Perfuafion, (to which his Majefty 
6 was very oppofite) that then they would ftop him 
^ by Force at Roy/Ion^ where his Majefty was to 

* lodge the firft Night ; keeping accordingly con- 
< tinual Guards upon him, againft any Power that 
e {hould be fent by Order of Parliament to take 
' him from us. And to this Purpofe Out-guards 
' were alfo kept to prevent his Efcape from us, 

* with the Commiffioners, of whom we had fpe- 
cial Orders given to be careful ; for that they 
' did daily fhew a Diflike to the prefent Proceed- 

* ings of the Army againft the Parliament, and 

fc that 

364 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

?4 Car> * e that the King was moft converfant and privar 
in Difcourfe with them : His Majefty faying;* 
That if any Man Jhould hinder his Going, now hi* 
JHoufit bad defired him upon bis late MeJJage of the 
I2tb of May 1647, it Jhould be done by Force, and 
ly laying hold of bis Bridle ; which, if any Man 
ivere.j.o bqld to do, he would endeavour to make it 
bis la/1 ; But, contrary to his Majefty 's Expec- 
tation, the next Morning, when the King and 
the Officers of the Army were putting this to an 
IfTue, came the Votes of both Houfes to the 
King, of their Compliance with that which the 
Army formerly deftred. After this his Majefty 
did incline to hearken to the Defires of the Ar- 
my, and not before : Whereupon, at Caverjham, 
the King was continually follicited, by MefTen- 
gers from Lieutenant-General Cromwell and 
Commiflary-General Iretan, proffering any thing 
his Majefty (hould deftre, as Revenues, Chap- 
lains, Wife, Children, Servants of his own, 
Vifitation of Friends, Accefs of Letters ; and 
(by Commiflary-General Irtfon) that his Nega- 
tive Voice fhould not be meddled withall ; and 
that he had convinced thofe that reafoned againft 
it at the General Council of the Army : And 
all this they would do, that his Majefty might 
the better lee into all our Adtions, and know our 
Principles, which lead us to give him alj thofe 
Things out of Conference ; for that we were 
not a People hating his ^tajefty's Perfou or Mo- 
narchical Government j 'but that we liked it as 
the beft, and that by this King : Saying alfo-, 
That they did hold it a very unreafonable Thing 
for the Parliament to abridge him of them ; often 
promifing, that if his Majefty would fit ftill and 
not aft againft them, they would, in the firft 
Place, reftore him to all thefe ; and, upon the 
Settlement of our own juft Rights and Liberties-, 
make him the moft glorious Prince in Chri/lm- 
dam : That to this Purpoie they were making fe- 
veral Propofals for a Settlement, to be offered 

of N G L A N D. 365 

* down to the Army, which mould be as Bounds for An. 24 c. t. 
4 our Party as to the King's Bufmefs ; and that his 

4 Majefty mould be at Liberty to get as much of 

* thofe abated as he could, for that many Thing*- 
4 therein were propofed only to give Satisfaction to 
4 others which were our Friends ; promifing the 

* King, that at the fame Time the Commiflioners 

* of Parliament mould fee the Propofals, and his 
' Majefty mould have a Copy of them alfo ; pre- 

* tending to carry a very equal Hand between King 
4 and Parliament, in order to the Settlement of 

* the Kingdom by him ; which, befides their own 
4 Judgment and Confcience, they did fee a Necef- 
4 fity of as to the People : Commiflary-General 
' Ireton further faying, That what was offered in 

* thefe Propofals mould be fo juft and reafonablc, 

* that if there were but fix Men in the Kingdom 
4 that would fight to make them good, he would 

* make the feventh againft any Power that fhould 
4 oppofe them. 

4 The Head-Quarters being removed from Read- 
4 ing to Bedford^ and his Majefty to Woborne, the 
4 Propofals were given to me by Commiflary-Gene- 

* ral Ireton to prefent to the King; which his Ma- 
4 jefty having read, told me, He would never treat 

* with the Parliament or Army upon thofe Propo- 
4 fals, as he was then minded : But the next Day, 

* his Majefty underftanding that a Force was put 

* upon the Houfes of Parliament by a Tumult, 

* fent for me again, and faid to me, Go along with 
4 Sir John Berkeley to the General and Lieutenant* 
4 General ; and tell them that^ to avoid a new fflar^ 
4 / will now treat with them upon their Propcfals^ 
4 or any thing elfe, in order to a Peace ; only let me 
4 be faved in Honour and Conjdcnce. Sir John 
4 Berkeley falling fick by the Way, I delivered this 
4 Mcifage to the Lieutenant-General and Com- 

* miiTiuy-Gcneral Ireton, who advifed me not to 

* acquaint the General with it, till ten or twelve 

* Officers of the Army were met together at the 
4 General's Quarters ; and then they would bethink. 

366 he Parliamentary H I s t o k V 

about it ; and accordingly Commiflary-Geriera^ 
Ireton, Col. Rainfborough, Col. Hammond, and 
Col. Rich attended the King at Woborne for thre 
Hours together, debating the whole Bufmefi 
with the King upon the Propofals ; upon which 
Debate many of the moft material Things th6 
King difliked were afterwards ftruck out, and 
many other Things much abated by Promifes ; 
whereupon his Majefty was pretty well fatisfied. 
e Within a Day or two after his Majefty remov- 
ed to Stoke, and there calling for me, told me; 
He feared an Engagement between the City and 
the Army ; faying, He had not Time to' write 
any thing under his Hand, but would fend it t6 
the General after me ; commanding me to tell 
Gommiflary-General Ireton, with whom he had 
formerly treated upon the Propofals, That he 
Would wholly throw himfelf upon us, and truft 
Us for a Settlement of the Kingdom as we had 
promifed ; faying, If we proved honcft Men, w6 
fhould, without Queftion, make the Kingdom 
happy, and fave much fhedding of Blood. This 
Jvteflage from his Majefty I delivered to Com- 
miflary-General Ireton at Cclcb'r'ook, who feemed 
to receive it with Joy ; faying^ That we mould 
be the verieft Knaves that ever lived, if in ever^ 
thing we made not good what we had promifed ; 
becaufe the King, by his not declaring againft 
uSj had given us great Advantage againft our 

* After our marching through London with th& 
Army^ his Majefty being at Hampton- Court, 
Lieutenant -General Cromwell and Commiflary- 
General Ireton, fent the King Word feveral 
Times, That the Reafon why they made no more 
Hafte in the Bufmefs, was becaufe that Party 
which did then fit in the Houfe while Pelham was 
Speaker, did much obftrudl the Bufmefs, fo that 
they could not carry it on at prefent : The Lieu- 
tenant-General often faying, Really they fhould 
be pulled out by the Ears ; and, to that 'Purpofc, 
caufed a Regiment of Horfe to rcade/vous a't 
4 * Hyde- 

&/ K G L A N 0. 367 

Hyde-Park to have put that in Execution, as he A 
himfelf exprefled, had it not been carried by Vote 
in the Houfe that Day as he defired. The Day 
before the Parliament voted, once more, the fend- 
ing of Proportions of both Kingdoms to the 
King by the Commiflioners of each Kingdom at 
Hanipton-Court, Commiflary-General Ireton bade 
me tell the King, That fuch a Thing was to 
be done To-morrow in the Houfe ; but his Ma- 
jefty need not be troubled at it, for that they in- 
tended it to no other End, but to make good 
fome Promifes of the Parliament, which the 
Scots Nation expelled Performance of: And that 
it was not expected, or defired, his Majefty fhould 
either fign them or treat upon them ; for which 
there (hould be no Advantage taken againft the 
King. Upon the Delivery of which Meflage 
jiis Majefty replied, That he knew not what 
Anfwer to give to pleafe all without a Treaty. 
' Next Day after this Vote patted, the Lieu tenant- 
General afking me thereupon, If the King did 
not wonder at thefe Votes ? I told him, No ; for 
that Commiffary-General Ireton had fent a Mef- 
fage by me, the Day before the Vote pafled, 
to fignify the Reafon of it. The Lieutenant- 
General replied, That really it was the Truth j 
and that we, fpeaking of the Parliament, intend- 
ed nothing elfe by it but to fatisfy the Scots, who 
otherwife might be troublefome. And the Lieu- 
tenant-General and Commiflary-General enquir- 
ing after his Majefty's Anfwer to the Propo- 
fitions, and what it would be, it was (hewed 
them both privately in a Garden-houfe in Put- 
nty, and, in fome Part, amended to their own 
Mind. But, before this, the King doubting 
what Anfwer to give, fent me to Lieutenant- 
General Cromwell^ as unfatisfied with the Pro- 
ceedings of the Army, fearing they intended not 
to make good what they had promifed ; and the 
rather becaufe his Majefty underftood that Lieu- 
' tenant -General Cronnuell and Commiffary-Ge- 
neral Ireton agreed with the reft of the Houfe in 

' fome 

368 *rhe Parliamentary HIST OR r 

An. 04 Car. I. fome late Votes that oppofed the Propofals of the 

^ l64 *;. c Army : They feverally replied, That they would 

Auruft. ' not nave n ' s Majefty miftruft them, for that fince 

' the Houfe would go fo high, they only concur- 

c red with them, that their Unreafonablenefs might 

* the better appear to the Kingdom : And the 

* Lieutenant-General bade me further aflure the 

* King, That if the Army remained an Army, his 

* Majefty fhould truft the Propofals, with what was 

* promifed, to be the worft of his Conditions which 
e fhould be made for him ; and then ftriking his 
c Hand on his Breaft, in his Chamber at Putney^ 

< bade me tell the King, He might reft confident 
6 and allured of it : And many Times the fame 
e Meflage hath been fent to the King from them 

* both ; but with this Addition from Commiflary- 
c General Ireton^ that they would purge and purge, 
c and never leave purging, the Houfes, till they had 
e made them of fuch a Temper as fhould do his 

< Majefty's Bufmefs : And rather that they fhould 
' fall fhort of what was promifed, he would join 
' with French^ Spaniard^ Cavalier^ or any that 
' would join with him, to force them to it. Upon 

* Delivery of which Meflage the King made An- 
c fvver, That, if they did fo, they would do more 

* than he durft do. 

* After this the Delay of the Settlement of the 

* Kingdom was excufed, upon the Commotions of 

* Col. Martin and Col. Rainjborough^ with their 

* Adherents ; the Lieutenant-General faying, That 
4 fpeedy Courfe muft be taken for outing them the 
' Houfe and Army, becaufe they were now putting 

* the Army into a Mutiny, by having a Hand in 

* publifhing feveral printed Papers, calling them- 

* felves the Agents of five Regiments, and in the 

* Agreement of the People, ahho' feme Men had 
4 Encouragement from Lieutenant-General Crom- 

* well for the Profecution of thofe Papers ; and he 

* being further prefled to flievv himfelf in it, de- 

* fired to be excufed for the prefcnt, for that he 
c might fhew himfelf hereafter for their better Ad- 
' vantage ; though, in ?he Company of thofe Men. 

* which 

vf E N G L AN D. 369 

which were of different Judgments, he would of- An. 44 Car. 
ten fay, That thefe People were a giddy-headed I " { 
Party, and that there was no Truft nor Truth in 
them ; and to that Purpofe wrote a Letter to 
Col. Whaley the Day the King wertt from Hamp- 
toti-Court) intirhating doubtfully that His Majef- 
ty's Perfon was in Danger by them, arid that he 
fhould keep Out-guards to prevent them ; which 
Letter was prefently (hewed to the King by Co- 
lonel m&iq. 

* That about fix Days after, when it was fully- 
known by the Parliament and Army that the King 
was in the Ifle of flight, CommilTary-General 
Ireton (landing by the Fire-fide in his Quarters 
at Kingjioh, and fome fpeaking of an Agreement 
likely to be made between the King and Parlia- 
ment, now the Perfon of the King was out of the 
Power of the Army, Commiffary- General Irg- 
ton replied, with a difcontentcd Countenance, He 
hoped it would be fuch a Peace as we might, 
with a good Confcience;, fight againft them both. 
4 Thus they who, at the firft taking the King from 
Hsldcnby into the Power of the Army, cried down 
Prcfbytcrian Government, the Proceedings of this 
prefent Parliament and their Perpetuity; and in- 
ftead thereof held forth an earneft Inclination to 
a moderate Epifcopacy, with a new Election of 
Members to fit in Parliament for the fpeedy fet- 
tling of the Kingdom ; and afterwards, when the 
Eleven Members had left the Houfe, and march- 
ed through London with the Army, the feven 
Lords impeached, the four Aldermen of London 
committed to the Tower, and other Ciazens com- 
mitted alfo, then again cried up Prefbyterian 
Government, and the Perpetuity of the prefent 
Parliament ; Lieutenant-General CrsmivIIplezC- 
ing himfelf with the great Sums of Money which 
were in Arrear from each County to the Army^ 
and the Tax of 6c,oco/. a-mc-nth for ourMaiu- 
tenance : Now, faith he, we may be, for ouoht 
I know, an Army fo long as we live. And iince 
the fending forth the Orders of Parliament -for 
VOL. XVII. A R the 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

the calling their Members together, Lieutenant- 
General Cromwell perceiving the Houfes will not 
anfwer his Expectation, he is now again utter- 

* ing Wordsj perfuading the Hearers to a Prejudice 
' againft the Proceedings of Parliament} again cry- 

* ing down Prefbyterian Government, fetting up a 
fmgle Intereft, which he calls an honeft Intereft, 
and that we have done ill in forfaking it. To 
' this Purpofe it was lately thought fit to put the 

* Army upon chufing new Agitators, and to draw 
forth of the Houfes of Parliament 60 or 70 of the 

* Members thereof; much agreeing with his 

< Words he fpake formerly in his Chamber at 

* Kingjlon, faying, What Sway Stapylton and 

* Holies had heretofore in the Kingdom, and he 

* knew nothing to the contrary but that he was 
4 as well able to govern the Kingdom as either of 
them : So that in all his Difcourfe nothing more 

* appeareth than his feeking after the Government 

* of King, Parliament, City, and Kingdom; forthe 

* effecting whereof he thought it necefTary, and 

* delivereth it as his Judgment, that a confiderable 

* Party of the chief Citizens of London, and fome 

* of every County, be clapt up in Caftles and Gar- 

* rifons, for the more quiet and fubmifftve Carriage 

< of every Place to which they belong. Further 

* faying, That from the raifing of the late Tumult 

* in London, there fhould be an Occafion taken ttf 

* hang the Recorder and Aldermen of London, then 

* in the Tower^ that the City might fee the more 

* they did ftir in Oppofition, the more they ftiould 
' i'uffer ; adding, That the City muft firft be made 
^ an Example. 

' And fmce Lieutenant-General Crofaivell was 
c fcnt down from the Parliament for the reducing 

* of the Army to their Obedience, he hath moil 

* frequently, in public and private, delivered thefe 
1 enfuing Heads, as his Principles, from whence 

* all the foregoing; Particulars have enfued ; bdng; 
' fully confirmed, as I humbly conceive, by his 

* Practice ia the Tranfa&ion of his laft Year's 

I, Thai 

^ENGLAND. 371 

1. c TJyat every fingle Man. is Judge of Juji and An. 24 Car. I. 
Right, as to the Good and III of a Kingdom. . l6 * 8 ' .. 

2. ' That the Inter ejl of honejl Men is the Inter ejl jJi y . 
of the Kingdom. And thofe only are deemed ho- 

neft Men by him, that are conformable to his 
Judgment and Practice ; which may appear in 
many Particulars. To inftance but one, in the 
Choice of Col. Rainflorough to be Vice-Admi- 
ral ; Lieutenant-General Cromwell being afked 
How he could trull a Man whofe Intereft was fo 
directly oppofite to what he had profefled, and 
one whom he had lately aimed to remove from all 
Places of Truft ? he anfwered, That he had 
now received particular Aflu ranee from Colonel 
Rain/borough, as great as could be given by Man, 
that he would be conformable to the Judgment 
and Direction of himfelf and Commiflary -Ge- 
neral Ireton^ for the managing of the whole Bu- 
fmefs at Sea, 

3. c That it is lawful to pafs through any Forms of 
Government fcr the accompliflring of his End ; and 
therefore either to purge the Houfes, and fupport -the 
remaining Party by Force everlajiingly^ or to put a 
Period to them by Force^ is very lawful and fuitable 
to the Inter ejl of honejl Men. 

4. * That it is lawful to play the Knave with a 

' Thefe Gentlemen aforefaid in the Army thus 
principled, and, as by many other Circumftances 
may appear, acting accordingly, give too much 
Caufe to believe that the Succefs which may Be 
obtained by the Army, except timely prevented 
bv the Wifdom of the Parliament, will be made 
t)fe of to the deftroying of all that Power for 
which we firft engaged : And I having, for above 
thefe twelve Months paft, fadly and with much 
Reluctancy obferved the feveral Paflages afore- 
faid ; yet with fome Hopes that at length there 
might be a Returning to the Obedience of 
Parliament ; but contrary hereunto, knowing that 
Rcfolutions were taken up r That in cafe the 
A a 2 * Power 

37 2 


The Commons 

Army t 

T^ Parliamentary HISTORY 

Power of Parliament cannot be gained to coun- 
tenance their Defigns, then to proceed without 
it : I therefore chofe to quit myfelf of my Com- 
mand, wherein I have ferved the Parliament for 
thefe five Years laft paft, and put myfelf upon 
the greateft Hazards by difcovering thefe Truths, 
rather than, by Hopes of Gain with a troubled 
Mind, continue an Affiftant or Abetter of fuch 
as give Affronts to the Parliament and Kingdom, 
by abufing of their Power and Authority, to 
carry on their particular Defigns ; againft whom, 
in the Midft of Danger, I (hall ever avow the 
Truth of this Narrative, and myfelf to be a 
conftant, faithful, and obedient Servant to the 
Parliament of England. 

Augufl 2, 164,8. 


We have before taken Notice, That a Decla^ 

ration had been prefented to both Houfes, from 

the Committee of Eftates of the Parliament of Scot-* 

land, fetting forth the Reafons of their Army's 

marching into England under the Command of the 

Duke of Hamilton j and that the Commons had 

thereupon pafled a Vote, declaring that Army, 

and all fuch as joined them, to be Traitors ; and 

another, with the fame Cenfure, againft all thofe 

who had given them Invitation : To both thefe the 

Lords refufmg their Concurrence, the Commons 

thereupon ordered them to be printed and publifli-* 

ed ; and likewife the following Narrative to be fent 

to the General Aflembly of the Church of Scotland \ 

which being a kind of Anfvver to the Declaration 

from their Committee of Eftates, demands- a Place 

in thefe Inquiries : It was accompanied with a 

Letter from the Speaker of the I loufe of Commons-, 

addrefled thus : Far the Right Reverend Mr. George 

Gillefpy, Moderator of the General Ajjembly- of tht 

Church of Scotland at Edinburgh, and defiring him 

to communicate it to the Lords, Minifters, and 

others of that Affemb.ljv 


^/ENGLAND. 373 

A NARRATIVE of the Proceedings of the PARLIA- An . 24 Car. j 
MENT of England in the Work of Reformation, 1648. 
and of their Refolutions to maintain the Govern- v v ' 
ment of the Kingdom eftablijhed by Law, and of Au 8 uft ' 
their ^ Endeavours for Settlement of the Peace, and 
Prefervation of the Union, between the two King- 
dims of England and Scotland (). 

\/\7 E the Commons affembled in the Parlia- , 
VV ' ment of England, taking it into our Con- Sec'SlAf- 
iideration, That however the late Pofleffirjo- of^bJyofthe 
Berwick and Carlifle, and the Coming of the , Church of ScoN 
Scots Army and Forces into this Kingdom, be Declaration '-" 
moft notorious and unparalleled Breaches of the their <* 
Solemn League and Covenant j and the many f Eflitci ' 
Treaties, national Agreements, and Acts of Par- 
liament, paiTed both in England and Scotland: 
' Yet, becaufe we are aflured thefe impious and 
unwarrantable Actions cannot be done With the 
Approbation and Confent of the religious and 
well-affected People of the Kingdom of Scotland - t 
and that we underftand there are very few amcnnft 
thofe who are in this Engagement againft iis, that 
nrft engaged with us in the Covenant and Caufe ; 
but fuch as have been profeffed Enemies to them, 
however they be now content to pretend there- 
unro, that they may the better deceive the People 
of this Kingdom : We are unwilling to impute 
fuch Evils to the Nation in general, but to thofe 
Perfons that own and appear in them ; whom we 
are confident God, that hath ftill fo rerparkabl" 
mamfefted hisDifpleafure againft Truce-breakers, 
in his due Time will judge, whatever we may 
fuffcr in the mean while. 

' Therefore we now fend to you, that it may ap- 
pear we will nor, by any Provocation, be induce^ 
to withdraw ourfelves from thofe in Scotland who 
retain their former Principles ; and ftill own the 
Caufe wherein we have, with a Bleffing from 
Heaven, been fo long engaged andfolemnly united. 
A a 3 And 

(4) Printed by Edward Kujtand's, p r i nte r to the Hcncu able 
Woufeot Commons, Atgufl1> 1648. 

374 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a4 Car. I. < And becaufe the Enemies thereof have been 

l6 *!L__j ' ver X induftrious in profecuting a Defign to hinder 

Auguft. ' tne Work of Reformation in this Kingdom, by 

4 raifing many Scandals and Reproaches upon the 

' Parliament ; and by unworthy Infinuations of 

' their Ends and Intentions, and falfe Reprefenta- 

' tions of their Actions and Proceedings, which 

* they have framed fuitable to the feveral prefent 
' ftirring Diftempers, the better to foment Pif- 
' contents in all Sorts cf People againft them \ 

* charging them, That they do not intend a,ny 
' Thing in the Work of Reformation, though they 
do more malign what they have done already 

* than defire they (hould do more ; that they have 

* aPurpofe to alter the Government of the King- 

* dom ; that they are Enemies to Peace, and to 

* the Union of the Kingdoms, and fuch like : 

* Therefore, that by fuch Practices neither you 
' may be abufed nor we further wronged, we have 

* thought fit, for the necefTary Vindication of the 

* Parliament, to give you, in the fit ft Place, a 
fhort View, how far, through the Afliftance of 
' Almighty God, to whom alone be the Glory, 

* the two Houfes of Parliament have proceeded in 

* the Work of Reformation, notwithftanding the 

* Oppofition of the Enemies to Truth ; and the 
' great Dangers and Difficulties which have been 
' raifed to hinder them, by the Force and Power, 

* Plots and Defigns, of the Popifli, Prelatical, and 
' Malignant Party in this Kingdom, with whom 
' the Scots Army are now joined in Forces and 
' Counfels. 

' It is very well known how great a Party in this 

* Kingdom were engaged for upholding of Prela- 

* cy ; yet the Parliament, notwithftanding all Dif- 
' couragements and Hazards to themfelves, have 
' taken away and extirpated that Government, 

* fo difagreeable to what is pra<tifed in other Re- 
' formed Churches, and prejudicial to the Power 
' of Godlinefs. 

' And becaufe the Peace of the Church, and 

* Power of Religion, cannot Icn^ continue without 



' good Order and Difcipline eftablifhed therein ; An. 

* they called an AfTembly of godly, learned, and 
' orthodox Divines from all Parts of the Kingdom, 
' with whom fome Commiffioners of the Church 
' of Scotland joined, to fit at Weflminfter \ and, af- 

* ter Confultation had with them, both Houfes 
4 took away the Service- Book, commonly called 

* The Book of Common-Prayer, and eftablifhed a 

* Dfretforyfor Worjbip; commanding the Practice 
4 of it in all the Churches and Chapels of this 

* Kingdom : And, in.fbad of Epifcopacy, they have 
*. fc* up Presbyterian Government in the Church, 

* which is already fettled in many Parts of the 

* Kingdom; and do, by God's Afliftan.ce, refolve 

* to purfue the further Perfecting and Eftablifhing 

* of it in all Parts, both in England and Ireland. 

* They have approved and pnfTed The ConfiJJion of 

* Faith,, or Articles of Ghrijlian Religion, as it came 
4 from the Aflembly of Divines, wi : th fome final! 

* Alterations ; only fome fmall Part is yet under 
4 Confideration, the reft being printed and publifh- 

* ed by Authority of Parliament. 

4 They have pafled a Greater and Leffcr Cate- 

* chifm that came from the Aflembly of Divines. 

* They have taken away all fuperftitious Cere- 

* monies and popifh Innovations. 

' They have given Authority for the demolifh- 

* ing of all Reprefentations of any Perfons of the 

* Trinity, Saint, or Angel j and taking away all 

* Altars, Crofles, Crucifixes, Pictures, and all 
' other Monuments of Idolatry and Superftition in 

* any Church, Chapel, or Place, within this King- 
' dom. 

'. They have pafled an Ordinance for the punifh- 

* ing of Blafphemies and Herefies, 

* They have pafled an Ordinance for ejecting 

* fcandalous Minifters and School-Makers ; and 

* thereupon have removed many, in whofe Stead 
' they have placed godly and able Men. 

4 They have pafled an Ordinance, That none- 

* fhall enter into the Work or the Miniftry, but 

* fuch as are or-Jained thereto. 

A a 4 < They 

ffie Parliamentary HISTORY 

' They have siyen all the Encouragement, and 
made the beft Prcvifion, they could rV,r the Main- 
tenr.nce of a godly Preaching Miniftry, thro' the 
JCingdom; not only in removing the Ignorant and 
4 Scandalous, but in augmenting the Maintenance 
' of painful Minifters, both out of the Impropri- 

* ations of Bilhops, the Elrates and Revenues of 

* Deans and Chapters, and out of the Impropria- 
' tions of Delinquents, which they bought out and 
' fettled upon Churches that wanted Maintenance, 
' to a very great Value. 

* They have purged the Univerfuies ?nd chief 

* Schools of the Kingdom, which are the Scmina- 
' ries of Learning for Educaiiori of Youth, of 

* many Heads of Houfes ? Fellows and Scholars 
' that were Superfticious, Prglatica! ? and Malig- 
' nant; and have placed, in their Stead, fuc:h as 
' are well-affecTttd to Reformation of Religion, and 

* to Uniformity with other Reformed Churches. 

' Tncy have paffed feveral Orcir.;:nces for the 
' better Obfervation of the Lord's Day, and Days 
' of public Faft and Thankfgiving ; they have 

* condemned all licentious Practices upon thofe 
' Days, and have ordered the Books, formerly vviit- 
' ten in Favour of them, to be publickly burnt. 

' They have pafft-d an Ordinance for fuppreffing 

* all Stage-Plays and Interludes, the Nurferies of 
' Vice and Profanenefs. 

' And although we maft needs fays, That the 
1 greateft Let and Impediment which we v have met 

* with, in fettling the Reformation of Religion ac- 

* cording to the Covenant, hath come from his 
' Majefty ; (who, by his refufing hitherto to grant 

* our Defires for the taking away of Epifcopacy 

* and the Service- Book, and to fettle the Directory 

* for Worfhip and Prelbyterian Government ; and, 
' by denying his Concurrence to eftablifli them by 

* A61 of Parliament, hath given great Qccafion to 

* Men of unfound Judgmejits, to fpread their Opi-r 
' nions and Errors, which is not unufual inTirrcs 

* of Reformation when the Settling of jt is long de~ 
! Uyed ; and further, by his declaring in his late 

of E N G L A N D. 377 

1 Meflage from the IHe of Wight, That he thinks An. 24 Car. I. 
bimfelf obliged, both as a Chri/lian and as a King, 
to employ whatever Power God Jfaall put into bis 
Hand for the upholding of Epifcopacy, hath given 

* great Encouragement to the Popilh, Malignant, 
' and Prelatical Party to endeavour, by Plots and 

Defigns, and now again by open Force, the re- 
introducing of Epifcopacy and the Service-Book ; 
"* which, by the Conjunction of the Scots Army with 
4 their Forces, they have now great Hopes to ef- 

* fed j) yer, by God's Affiftance who hath helped 
' us hitherto, it fnall be our Care and Endeavour, 
1 againft all Dangers and Difcouragements what- 

foever, to proceed in the Work of Reformation 
until it be perfected. 

* For other Things wherewith we are commonly 
4 afperfed ; as, That we fhould have Infarctions to 

* alter the Fundamental Government of this King- 
x dom, both Houfes have endeavoured fo to ftop 

* the Mouth of Malice, by declaring feveral Times 
1 formerly, and fo late as the 6th of May laft, 
4 That they will not alter the Gsixrnment by King, 

* Lords, and Commons j that we lhall need fay no 

* more of it. 

4 And for our Defires of Peace, our feven fe- 

* veral Addrefibs to the King, with Proportions 

* for a fafe and well-grounded Peace, will fuffici- 

* ently fpeak for us : And although the feveral De- 
' nials which we have received from his Majefly 

* formerly, and the prefent Preparations for War 
4 by the Malignant Party of both Kingdoms under 

* Pretence of Peace, might wholly diicourage us ; 

* yet we, notwithftanding all the Hazards that may 

* attejid it, have now again agreed to try whether 
' a Peace can be fettled by a Treaty with his Ma- 

* jefty jn the Ifle of Wight, upon the Propofitions 

* presented to him at Hampton-Court; wherein ws 
f fhall, by the Help of God, approve ourfelves fuch 

* as are both defirous of a firm Peace, and mindful 

* of the Truft repofed in us by the People of this 

* Kingdom, for the fecuring of Religion and theif 

* Liberties, 

*The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* As for our Defires to preferve the Union and 
brotherly Agreement betwixt the Kingdoms, we 
fhaH not here fay much about it ; becaufe the 
' whole Tranfaclion betwixt our Commiffioners 

* and the Parliament, and Committee of Eftateaof 
* Scotland will be printed (/;) ; wherein it will ap- 

* pear what was offered, in order to give them real 
' Satisfaction in our Engagements to them for the 

* Service of their Armies in England and Ireland,. 
' to which we could never get any Anfwer ; and 

* what they demanded in the Name and by the 
8 Command of both Houfes, from the Parliament 
' and Committee of Eftates of Scotland, concern- 

* ing feveral Englijh Delinquents and Incendiaries 

* then in Scotland, which, by Treaties and Acts of 
' Parliament parted in both Kingdoms, ought to 

* have been delivered to be tried in the Kingdom 
' of England; but inftead of giving them up, they 
6 were countenanced and encouraged, confulted 

* and agreed with, to feize and hold the Towns cf 
' Berwick and Carlljle in the Kingdom of England \ 

* which by Acts of Parliament, and feveral Trea- 

* ties and Agreements of both Kingdoms, were not 

* to be garrifoned without the Confent of both Par- 

* Jiaments. 

'And when, in Purfuance of thofe Treaties and 

* Agreements, our Commiffioners did declare thofe 
c Traitors and Enemies to this Kingdom that had 

* gatrifoned them ; and required the like Declara- 

* tion from the Parliament and Committee of 

* Eftates of Scotland, it would not be aflented un- 

* to, although very often prefled ; but, inftead 

* thereof, all Manner of Provifions were fent un- 

* to the Commanders in thofe Garrifons, though 

* many of them notorious Papifts j and they had 

* much Freedom and Countenance to their Pro- 
4 ceedings by Perfons of eminent Power in Scotland: 
4 And whereas, notwithstanding we had Notice 
*' there was fome Defign for feizing thefe Towns^ 
4 which might have been prevented by our timely 

* putting 

(i) They were printed accordingly by E. Hujbandt j and have been 
jjready given in the Courfe of this Woik, 

of ENGLAND. 379 

c putting Forces into them, yet to avoid the Guilt An *4 Car - I% 
c of Breach of Treaties, we rather refolded to run ^ l6 * ' ^ 

* the Hazard which did enfue, than to bring that Auguft, 
' Imputation upon ourfelves. And it now appears, 

* that thefe Towns were but taken in Truft to be 
4 delivered to the Scots Forces j who, however 

* they do publickly declare for Religion and the 

* Covenant, yet the Papifts and Delinquents, not 
' only in Berwick and Carlijle, but in other Parts 

* of the Kingdom, (who arc profefTed Enemies to 

* Religion and the Covenant, and o kill, plunder, 
*' and purfue thofe who have been faithful in them) 
' are io well fatisfied of their Ends and Intentions, 

* that they join and hazard their Livei and For- 

* tunes with them. 

* ' Whilft thefe afore-mentioned Counfels and 
? Compliances were thus on foot in Scotland^ with 
' thofe that are declared Enemies to the Peace of 
' this Kingdom and to the Grounds of the Union 
c of both Kingdoms, the Parliament of Scotland 
' did fend us a Paper of Defires, dated the 26th of 

* April laft, which in the Letter wherein they were 

* inclofed are called Demands (which implies a 
' Rightfchat upon Examination will not be found j) 

* yet the Houfes were fo defirous to give the Par- 
^ li ment of Scotland all poflible Satisfaction, that 
' they did not take Exception thereunto, nor to 

* the Perfon by whom they were fent, who was 

* accufed before them for endeavouring the Revolt 

* of the Forces under the Lord Inchequin in Ireland^ 

* which then had happened ; nor did they infift 

* upon the firft granting of their afofefaid juft De- 
' mands made to the Parliament and Committee of 
' Eftates of Scotland; but perceiving fo ft ange an 
' Alteration in that Kingdom, they judged it fit for 
' them to try, in the firft Place, whether Scotland 

* would own the Caufe wherein we had both been, 

* engaged ; and therefore (after our Commiflioners 
had acquainted the Committee of Eftates with 
' our Declaration of the 6th of May laft, concern- 

* ing our full Refolution to maintain and preferve 

* inviolably the Solemn League *nd Covenant, and 

4 ' Treaties 

380 The Parliamentary H i s T o R Y 

a 4 c*r. J. Treaties betwixt the Kingdoms) they did return 

; c Anfwer to this Purpofe ; That we did offer to join 

"Auguft. * w ' lt h the Parliament of Scotland, in the Propofi- 

* tions prefented to the King at Hampton-Court, 
' and in making futh further Proceedings thereupon 
1 as /hould be thought Jit for the fpeedy Settlement of 

* the Peace of both Kingdoms, and Prefervaiion of 

* the Union, according to the Covenant and Treaties ; 
4 and when ive Jhould receive their Anfwer thereunto, 

* the Houfes would be ready to give further Satisfac- 
* tion in thofe Things which Jhouid not intrench upon 

* the particular Interejls of the Kingdom, and Privi- 
' leges of the Parliament of England. But to thefc 

* all the Anfwer our Commiflioners could obtain 
' from the Parliament, or Committee of Eftates, 
' of Scotland, was, That they could return us no An- 
' fiver, till juji Satisfaction were given to their Dc- 

* fires of the ifah of April. 

' Afterwards, we agreed upon a Pcrfonal Treaty 

* with the King's Majefty upon the Proportions, 

* he firft conferiting to Three Propofitions which, 

* in Subftance, he had granted in former Mef- 

* fages j and the Houfes lent to the Committee of 

* Etrates for Scotland to join with themf* and to 

* prepare fuch Propofitions as they thought fit for 

* that Kingdom : But to this neither we, nor our 
' Commiflioners, received any Anfwer until a Scots 
' Army had invaded this Kingdom, and then it was 
' fent with a Declaration (/) ; of which we will fay 
' no more in this Place, but that, confidering they 

* were bound by Treaties and A&s of Parliament 
4 to give us three Months Warning before their 

* making War with us, it had been more honour- 
4 able that their Declaration had rather come be- 
4 fore, than followed after, their Army, 

* By all which, and by their vigorous purfuing 
' the raifmg of their Army, before they fent their 

* Defires ; and even after, before they knew what 
' Anfwer would be returned to them by the Houfes-, 

* it doth appear, that this Invafion was intended 
4 and refolvul upon, let us fay or do what we 

* would ; 
(/) This is before given at p. 3 14, 


Would ; wherein they havd tod Httle confidered 
how many Obligations did lie upon them to the 
contrary ; how much this their Engagement tends 
to the utter Ruin of poor Ireland^ who, by their 
drawing away fo many of the Britl/h and other 
Forces to join with them, and difabling us to 
fend them Relief, is expofed to imminent Hazard j 
how much to the Difhonour and Danger of the 
Reformed Religion in all Chrlftendom ; and how 
highly the God of Truth and Peace is provoked 
by it : All which Evils, feeing we have on our 
Parts fo much laboured to prevent, we doubt not 
but God will be with us 4 and the Prayers of his 
People for us : And that thofa who have dealt 
falfly in ftriking Hands with the common Ene- 
my, to kindle a new Fire betwixt thefe King- 
doms, (hall themfelves perifh therein. 

Clcr. Par!. Dam. Com. 

A Member of this Parliament fiyles the forego- 
ing Addrefs to the General Aflembly of the Church 
of Scotland, from the Houfe of Commons of Eng- 
land, a dangerous Precedent to both Kingdoms : 
* To make a few ambitious pedantical Churchmen 
Supreme Judges over Parliaments and State Affairs, 
in online ad Dcum; and how apt they are, fays he, 
to lay hold upon fuch Occafions, and kindle their 
Zeal into a confuming Flame, I leave all wife Men 
to judge (k). But as this Motion for making Ap- 
plication to the General Afiembly was fet on foot 
by the Independents, it fecms a Project to divide; 
the Scats Nation, and thereby difable them froai 
oppofing the Meafures now plotting againir. die 
King's Life, rather than any real Defigns of in* 
creating the Power of the Pricfthood. 

In the Courfe of this Work we hare given Co- 
pies of all the. Letters and, Papers that pafled be- 
tween the Parliament of Scotland and the Commit'- 

fi oners 
(*) Walker's Er t /*,</*/< - 

Au S uft. 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. fioners from that of England, during their Six- 
v l6 * 8 ' , Months Refidence at Edinburgh. The March of 
Auguft. the Scots Army into England having rendered all 
further Negotiations unneceflary, the Englijh Com- 
CornnvfiLners miffioners applied for a fafe Conduct home ; in Re- 
at Edinburgh turn to which they received the following Letter 
their f rom t h e E ar l o f Crawford, Lord-Treafurer of 

Edinburgh^ July 31, 1648. 
Right Honourable, 

1AM commanded by the Committee of Eftates, 
in anfwer to your Lordfhips Defires of the 
igth of this Inftant July, to return to your Lord- 
fliips from them the inclofed Pafs ; and when 
your Lordfliips (hall be pleafed to acquaint them 
with the Time of your parting from hence, they 
will be readyj if you infift thereupon, to appoint 
a competent Convoy to attend your Lord(hips 
for fo much of the Way as you (hall think necefc 
fary ; your Lordfliips engaging the Public Faith 
of the Kingdom of England for their fafe Re- 

' I am likewife commanded by the Committee 
to (hew your Lordfhips, that, by their Orders, 
the Towns of Berwick and Carlijle are, for the 
Peace of both Kingdoms, fecured from the Sec- 
taries ; and that juft Satisfaction being given to 
the neceflary Defires of this Kingdom, not only 
thefe Towns (hall be put in the Condition they 
were in formerly, and their Fortification flight- 
ed, but likewife all the Forces of the Kingdom 
of Scotland, now in England, (hall immediately be 
recalled and return ; and that they will ftill in- 
violably obferve, on their Parts, the Union and 
brotherly Correfpondence betwixt the King- 

' The Committee having employed one Mr. 
Thomas Ha'iburton, about a Month fmce, to go to 
London as a public Servant of theirs, they have 
commanded me to (hew your Lordfhips their 
Defire that no Let nor Hinderance be offered to 

4 him 

of ENGLAND 1 . 383 

c him in his Return, which would be contrary to An. 24 car. I. 

* the Law of Nations, and to their Expectations. ^^ ^ 

* I fhall add nothing from myfelf, but that I am, Augoft. 

My Lords, 
Tour Lordjbips mojl bumble Servant, 


The Englljh Commiffioners Anfwer to the Lorcf- 
Treafurer's Letter winds up this tedious and fruit- 
lefs Negotiation between the Parliaments of both 

Edinburgh, Augujl i, 1648. 

Right Honourable, 

* "\\1 E received yours of the 31 ft of July, and And ufce theJr 

W to that Part thereof which concerns pub- Leave of . the 
lie Bufinefs, we cannot give your Lordfhip any cotspa 
Anfwer, but have thought good to let your Lord- 
fhip underftand, that an Order is come to our 
Hand, dated July 22, 1648, by which we are 
recalled, and thereby our Powers of any further 
Tranfa&ion of Bufinefs with your Lordfhip, 
otherwife than in order to our Return, we con- 
ceive are determined ; as to that Part wherein 
your Lordfhip hath been pleafed to manifeft your 
Care for our fafe Pafs and Convoy, we return 
your Lordfhip Thanks* We are, 

Tvly Lord, 
Tour Lord/iip's moft hiuxbk Servant's, 



On the 4th of this Month a very remarkable 
Debate happened, relating to the Prince of Wales. 
The Sheriffs of London had prefented to the Houfe 
of Commons the Copy of a Letter fent from his 
Highnefs to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
rnon'-Council of that City, with a Declaration cx- 


3 84 *The Parliamentary H r $ T 6 R Y 

An. 14 Car. I. prefling the Reafons of his appearing on board the 
ih48 ' Fleet, both which we have before given at large: 
Auguft ^ tne f e were annexed the Copy of another Letter 
from his Highnefs, addrefied to the Company of 
Merchant - Adventurers of England, informing 
them, That he had detained three of their Ships, 
but without any Intent to make Prize of them ; de- 
firing to borrow 20,000 /. to be repaid out of the 
Cufroms ; and requiring their fpeedy Anfwer. 

The Citizens being withdrawn, Mr. djbe moved 
That the Common-Council and Merchants {hpuld 
be forbid to give any Anfwer to the Prince's Let- 
ter; for that, as he had engaged himfelf to the States 
of the Low-Coithtries to do no Act prejudicial to 
Trade, there was no Danger of his making Prize 
of the Ships he had flopped, though the 20,000 /. 
(hould not be fent as defired. 

Colonel Harvey^ after aggravating many Faults 

in the King's Government, faid, The Prince was 

his Father's own Son, as like him as could be. 

Sir Peter Wentwortb urged, That he had animated 

the Scots to make the prefent Invafion ; and that* 

by his Letter to the City* he had openly declared 

for them. To this Mr. Knightley adding, That 

the Prince had formerly been in Arms sgainft the 

Bebate on a Mo- Parliament, and was but a Subject, Mr. Blacki- 

tion fordeclanngyfc/z moved, That the Houfe fnould declare him 

WaTLbd a Rebel and a Traitor : But this Motion j though 

and a Traitor, earneftly infifted on, was laid by for the following 

Reafons : 

1. ' That they had not the Originals of the 
Prince's Letter and Declaration, but only Copies, 
net fo much as attefted upon Oath by any authentic 
Clerk ; therefore rio legal Proceeding could be had 
upon them (/). 

2. 4 To vote the Prince a Traitor the fame Day 
that they fent Meffengers to invite the King, his 
Father, to a Treaty of Peace, would argue no 
peaceable Inclination in them, and would be fo 
underftood bv the People. 

3. 'They 

(1} The Originals were then in Tofleffion of the Houfe of Lords, 
who foon after fcac tiiem to the> Cwnmcr.s, as appears by their 

of ENGLAND. 385 

3. ' They were engaged by the Nati< nal Cove- An. 4 Car. I. 
tfant to defend the King's Perfon,, and l64 _^ 
Dignity; but the Prince, Heir Apparent to his 
Crown, was, next under God, the chief Supporter 
of his Crown and Dignity ; therefore to vote him 
a Traitor, was to fubvert his Crown and Dignity. 
, 4. ' By the Statute of the 1 5th of Edward III. 
// is High Treafon to endeavour the Dejlritftion of the 
Prince, the King's eldeft Son : But to declare him a 
Rebel and a Traitor, was to endeavour to deftroy 
him ; and therefore High Treafon. 

5. * The People were already jealous that the 
King and his Pofterity {hould be laid by, and in 
them the Monarchical Government of this Nation 
fubverted, and a new Form of Government intro- 
duced ; they had already, by the Votes of No dd- 
drejjes to the King, and by their Declaration againft 
him, (wherein they fay, They can no longer confide 
in him) laid by the King; and now, to vote the 
Prince a Rebel and a Traitor, was to lay by both 
him and his Brother the Duke of York, who adheres 
to hi n, which would exceedingly confirm thfc 
People in their Fears.' 

Though this Motion for declaring the Prince of 
Wales himfelf a Rebel and a Traitor, for taking 
Arms againft the Parliament, mifcarried in the 
Houfe of Commons ; they neverthelefs pafled a 
Vote denouncing that Cenfure againft the Subjects 
cf this Kingdom who {hould adhere to or aflift him 
in the prefent War, either by Sea or Land ; and 
that all fuch ought to be proceeded againft as Trai- 
tors : They alfo made an Order forbidding the 
City and the Merchant-Adventurers to give any 
Arifwer to the Prince's Letter, without the Con- 
fent of that Houfe ; whereby they moft effectually 
prevented the Loan he defired of 2O,ooo/. 

This Conduct of the Houfe of Commons to- 
wards the Prince of Wales, gave him fufficient Evi- 
dence how little Favour he had to expect from that 
Quarter, and feems to have induced him to make 
his Application to the other Houfe. For, 

VOL. XVII. B b An*. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aug. 8. The Speaker of the Houfe of Lords ac- 
quainted them with a Letter ferit to him from his 
Highnefs, which was read as follows : 

To our Right Trufty and Right Well-beloved Coufm, 
/^SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS for the 
Time being. 


Right Trufty and Right Well-beloved Coufm, 

we greet you well. 

YTNderftanding, with great Contentment, that both 
Letter to tne ^ Houfes of Parliament have refolved upon a Per- 
Houfe of Lords, y^/ <f reai y with his Majejly, on fame of the Particu- 
SiSffor a MC " h e x P re JJ e d by us in our Declaration of the 2()th of 
Pwee? J July la/!, as moji conducing to the Settlement^ of a 

ble/ed Peace ; we have thought ft to acquaint you 
with our Senfe and Defires concerning the fame, to the 
end that they may be communicated by you to the Houfe 
of Peers from us. 

Firft, We propose, that the Treaty be appointed to 
be in fitch Place and Manner as may be ft cohfijl with 
the Honour, Freedom, and Safety of his Majejly; 
whereby the Agreement to be made may not be blemijhed 
with the Face of Rcjlraint. 

Secondly, That the Treaty may be between his 
Majejly and his Kingdoms of England and Scotland, 
fa as the Matters in Difference may equally fall un- 
der the Confederation of all Perfons concerned there- 

1 'Thirdly, That, during the faid Treaty, there may 
'be a general Ceffation of Arms ,- to the end that the 
Affections of the People, though engaged in feveral 
Parlies, may thereby be prepared to meet in Amity 
and brotherly Kindnefs ; and that no intervening Oc- 
cidents or Sttccefs may diflurb the Proceedings in this 

Laftly, That an orderly moderate Subfi/lance, dur- 
ing the Treaty, be agreed upon for all Armies and 
' 'Forces 'now on foot, and particularly for the bco 

^ENGLAND. 387 

Army, in fucb Manner as may be with lea/1 PreJJure An. 24 car. I 
en the Northern 'Counties. l6 * 8 ' t 

If the two ffoufes Jhall think Jit ia confint to the AU" uft 
Effefl of what we now propound, as proper to render 
this Treaty effetfual, we Jhall^ with great Joy and 
Alacrity, interpofe our Mediation to the King our Fa-* 
thcr, for the obtaining of all fuch Cowcejfions and Atts 
of Grace, as, by the Bluffing of God, may moji con- 
duce to a firm and lofting Peace, and the Happinefs of 
his Majejfy and all his People. 

We further defire you to -propound to the Houfe of 
Peers, That fame equal. Courfe may be fuddenly fettled 
far the Support of us, and the Navy with us, whereby 
we may be enabled to protaft the Trade of the King- 
dom, and may forthwitJ) dif charge ail Ships and Mer- 
chandizes now flayed by us: 

. Given under our Hand and Seal, frorh on board 
the Fleet in the Do^uns, the fifth Day of Au~ 
gujl^ in the 24th Year of the Reign of the 
King our Royal Father. 

Mr. Pooly, who brought this Letter from (he 
Prince, was ordered to attend the Houfe, de Die 
in Diem, for an Anfwer. 

The fame Day the following Petkion was prc- 
fented to the Lords, and read : 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS in Parliament 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dermen^ and Commons of the City of London, in 
Common-Council ajjembled, 


* r 'M * HAT your Petitioners, being deeply. fen- A p e Htion t 

* A fible of the fad, miferable, and deplorable both Houfes 

* Condition of the King, Parliament, and King- [3^^^ 

* dom, by the long Continuance of a bloody Pcrfcna'i Treaty 
' and unnatural War, whereof they had yreat with the Kin > 

Hopes to be freed after the common EnmySi^SriH 

B b 2 4 WaSvances, 

3 S8 

An. 24 Car. I. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

was fubdued, the Army of our Brethren of 
Scotland withdrawn, and the Kind's Majefty 
placed at Holdenby by Confent of both Kingdoms, 
in order to a happy Compofure of all Differences j 
both in Church and State; but, contrary to Ex- 
pectation, your Petitioners, to the great Grief 
and Sorrow of their Souls, do find the Govern- 
ment of the Church to be ftill unfettled ; Blaf- 
phemy, Herefy^ Schifm, and Profanencfs in- 
creafed ; the Relief of bleeding Ireland obftruct- 
ed j the War, to their great Aftonifhment, re- 
newed ; the People of England thereby miferably 
impoverifhed and opprefled ; the Blood of our 
Fellow- Subjects f'pilt like Water upon the 
Ground ; our Brethren of Scotland now entered 
into this Kingdom in an hoftile Manner ; his 
Highnefs the Prince of Wales commanding at Sea 
a confiderable Part of the Navy, and other Ships 
under his Power, having already made Stay of 
many Englljh Ships with Merchandize and rro- 
viiions to a very great Value : By reafon where- 
of Navigation will be deftroyed ; Seamen defert 
us ; the Merchants inforced to leave off Trading ; 
Clct'iing and other Manufactures of this King- 
dom fall to the Ground ; Wool, which is the 
Staple Commodity of the Land, remains unfold ; 
the Mint ftands ftill ; the Cuftoms and other Pro- 
fits by Merchandize will be very much abated, if 
not utterly dtftroyed ; Coal,' Salt, Corn, Fifh, 
Butter, Cheefe, and all other Provifions brought 
by Sea to this City and Kingdom, flopped ; the 
innumerable Number of the poorer Sort, depend- 
ing only upon Manufacture, wanting Work and 
Bread, will, as is greatly to be feared, in a very 
flicrt Time, become tumultuous in all Parts of 
the Kingdom ; and many be enforced to remove 
themfelves and Families into foreign Pai ts, where 
they will fettle the Manufactures of this Kingdom 
never to be regained : All which will unavoidably, 
in a very fhort Time, totally ruin the People of 
this Kingdom, 


of ENGLAND. 389 

' Your Petitioners humbly conceive no vifible An - ** C ar - I* 
4 Way can prevent the apparent Ruin of thefe L l648 ' 

* Kingdoms, but the fpeedy Freeing of his Ma- 

* jefty from that Reftraint wherein he now re- 
' mains ; and, by a Perfonal Treaty, reftoring to 
' the King his juft Rights ; to the Parliament their 
' undoubted Privileges ; to the People their native 
' Freedom and Benefit of the Laws, being the 

* Birth-right of every Subjet ; and, by the due 
' Attendance of the Members of Parliament, in 

* the Difcjiarge of their Truft to the Kingdom, 
v and in obferving the Selfdenying-Ordinance (a]. 

* The Premifes confidered, your Petitioners 
' humbly pray that the King's Majefty may be 
' fpeedily freed from that Reftraint wherein he now 

* remains, and humbly invited to a Perfonal Treaty 
e for fettling of a fafe and well-grounded Peace ; 
c and ^at therein the Union between the two 
' Kingdoms may be preferved ; that, in the Inte- 
' rim, all Ads of Hoftility, both by Sea and Land, 

* may, by Command from the King and Parlia- 
c ment, ceafe, and Trade be free without any Iiv 
terruption ; that the Government of the Church 

* may be fpeedily fettled according to the Cove- 
' nant ; diftrefTed Ireland relieved ; the People of 

* the Land, by difbanding all Armies, may be 

B b 3 eafed 

((i] A Motion had been made, on the 4th of this Month, for re- 
viving the Ordinance againft Places of Profit being held by Members 
of Parliament. The Occafion of which was this : It being propped, 
That Thurfday the tenth of Auguft might be appointed a Day of Hu- 
miliation for the late unfeafonable Weather, 'his Motion was fe- 
conded in a farcafrical Manner to this Fffecl: Mr Speaker, I 
like the Motion well, fo it be done with d-.:e Preparation, elfe it 
may bring a Curfe inflead of a Biefling ; and the only Preparative to 
agoodFaft, is firfl to faft from f.trifc, Envy, M.ilice V ' he. Ambi- 
tion, vain Glory,, Uncharitablc-nefs and Covetoulnefs : 
And, in order to this, J profound that the Self denying Ordinance 
may be reinforced ; and that all Members who enjoy great Offices, 
contrary to thai Ordinance, may quit them accordingly, that fo the 
Houfe may once ftand upon equal Feet.' 

Merc. Pra^. N. zo. 

A Day was appointed accordingly to take this Matter into Confi 
deration, but poftponed, from Time to Time, and at hfl quite laid 
afide ; moft of the Members having very goi d Reafur.s for dropping 
fiich an Enquiry, as will appear by the Lift of Offices they 
tb'be added in 'the Appendix to this Work. 


The Lords An- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

eafed of their intolerable Burthen ; the Liberties 
of the Subjecl reftored, and the Laws of the Land 
eftablifhed ; the Members of this Honourable 
Houle injoincd to attend the Service of the King- 
dom ; the Selfdenying-Ordinance mny be ef- 
fedtually obferved ; and this Honourable Houfe 
would be plcafed fpeedily to take into their fericus 
Confideraiion the fad Condition of fuch Mer- 
clvnts, whofe Ships and Goods are under the 
Power of that Fleet which is now with his 
Hi .hnefs the Prince of Wulcs ; and fuddenly to 
find out fomc Expedient for their Relcafement (). 
And your Petitioners^ as b&und, fosll ever pray. 

To this Petition the Lords returned the follow- 
ing Anfwer by their Speaker : 

e J * H E Lords have commanded me to let you 
4 M know, that they do thankfully accept the 
4 often renewed Expreflions of your ardent Zeal 

* and Care, that all poffible Means fhould be ufed 
4 for the procuring a fafe and well-grounded Peace. 
4 Wherein they do fo far fympathize with your De- 
4 fires, thai they do affure you, you may, w r ith all 
4 Confidence, expect their conftant an ! induftrious 
4 Employment of their utmoft Endeavours for the 
4 obtaining fo great a BlcfTing, whereunto they 
4 hope Almighty God will give a happy Succefs. 

* And for the Particulars contained in your Peti- 
4 tion, they wi'l take them into fpeedy Confide- 
4 ration, that you may reap all Satisfaction and 
e thereby, fo far forth as lies in their 
4 Powers ; as they are bound in their Duty they 
4 owe to the Common- wealth, and as they are 
4 obliged to the renowned City of London for their 

* incelfar.t Demon ft ration of their Affection and 

4 Service 

(i) Mr. T!'b:t''.cle write;, ' That one of thefe Ships was taken by 
the Lord lr~ilMg!:hy of Pu'bam, Vice Admiial of the Prince's 
FLet; and had in her near 2C,oco/. in Gold, which /he brought 
. from Guinty, the Property of Rtivland Wiifcn and Company. 

M(msriais t p. 322* 


' Service to the Parliament ever fince the Begin- Ar 

* niug of thefe unhappy Diftradtions/ 


The foregoing Petition did not meet with fo 
courteous a Reception from the Commons, to Debate there, 
whom it was prefented the fame Day ; for as foon "P n m the 
as it was read there, Mr. Weaver ftood up and ^ C m " 
faid, ' The Citizens were become malignant, and 
that it was apparent by their Petition they intend- 
ed to defert the Parliament.' Col. Harvey added, 

* That he could affirm, of his own Knowledge, 
this Petition was driven on by many Common- 
Council Men, who had never done any good Ser- 
vice for the Parliament ; yet he would not deny 
that there were many very godly Men who had a 
Hand in it; but thofe honeft godly Men were fooled 
by a Company of Knaves.' To this Sir Benjamin 
Rudyard anfwered, ' Mr. Speaker, we have fat 
thus Ions;, and are come to a fine Pafs ; for the 
whole Kingdom is now become Parliament all over, 
The Army hath taught us a good while what to 
do, and would ftill teach us what we {hall do ; the 
City, Country, and Reformadoes teach us what we 
fhould do ; and all is,becaufe we ourfelves know not 
what to do. Some Men are fo violent and ftrong in 
thejr own Conceits, that they think all others difho- 
neft which are not of their own Opinion ; but he 
that calls me Knave, becaufe I differ from him in 
Opinion, is the verier Knave of the two.' At 
length it was refolveg! to call in the Petitioners, and 
the Speaker told them, * That when the Houfe re- 
ceived their Petition, they were in Debate of Mat- 
ters of great Concernment, and were alfo engaged 
in a Conference with the Lords j yet they had 
taken their Petition into Confideration ; which 
containing many Things of very high Concern- 
ment, both to the Kino;, Parliament, City, and 
Kingdom, they would give them an Anfvver 
thereunto the next Day in the Afternoon.' 

Prefently after this a Petition from the Refer- An<5 on another 
madoes, faid to be fubfcribed by 8coo Perfons-, Petition from 
confiding of many Knights, Colonels, and OfH- t < J. e es Rcformar 
B b 4 cers 

39 2 7& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. C ers of Quality, was prefented to the Commons, 

t * 648 ' j praying, < That there might be a fpeedy, free, and 

Auguft. * perfonal Treaty, according to the Defires of the 

c City; that their Accounts might be {rated without 

* Delay ; that they might have Intereft for their Ar- 
' rears ; that thofe imprifoped for Debt might be 

* fet at Liberty, and the reft protected till the Pay- 
4 ment of their Arrears ; that they might have three 

* Months Pay according to the Ordinances of the 
4 1 5th, i6th, and 21 ft of June, 1647 ; and prefent 
4 vifible Security for the Remainder thc-reof.' 

The Petitioners being withdrawn, Alderman Pen- 
ington faid, ' He was ferry to fee his Brethren of 
the City and the Reformadoes to be all one in Ma- 
lignancy ; adding, That thofe two Petitions of the 
Soldiers and the City made both but one Plot.' 
Mr. Fen faid, 4 He was told they had been laying 
their Heads together a Week fmce ; and he was 
confident that, in the End, they woultTall join to- 
gether againft the Parliament.' However, the Pe- 
titioners being called in, received the following An- 
fwer from the Speaker : ' Gentlemen, The Houfe 
The Anfwcr of < has confidered of your Petition : And as your 
theretr* " 3 ' J ud ments have Allowed theirs heretofore, fo 
' you will make that your Rule ftill. 7'hey have 
'done whatpoffib-ly they could, to fatisfy the Peti- 

* tioners Arrears ; and, for a great Part thereof, have 

* given them the fame Security that the Lord Fair- 

* fax's Army had their Arrears fecured : And they further ordered, That all fuch Delinquents 
' Eftates, P'ines, and Compofitions, as the Peti- 
' tioners fhall difcover, that are not difcovered, 
4 fhall go to fuch of the Petitioners as fhall make 
4 fuch Difcoveries, towards Payment of their whole 

* Arrears : And have further ordered, That the 
4 Fifth and 7'wentieth Part of fuch Delinquents 
4 as the Petitioners fhall difcover, not formerly 

* difcovered, fhall nlfo go towards Payment of the 
4 Arrears of the Petitioners : And the Houfe have 

* alfo appointed a Committee to confer with fome 
4 of you for a Way to give you further Satisfac- 
t tion.' 


of ENGLAND. 393 

Aug. 9. Mr. Swinfen reported an Anfwer to the An - 4 Car. I, 

Petition prefented by the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, ( ^^J , 

and Common-Council, as follows : Auguft. 

4 The Houfe of Commons have confidered of And to the Pe- 
e the Petition of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Jj from the 
' Commons of the City of London^ in Common- 
4 Council aflembled, prefented to them Augufl 8, 
4 1648 : And, upon ferious Debate had thereupon, 
' they have thought fit to acquaint the Common- 
' Council, That they have parted an Ordinance 
4 for the fettling of Prefbyterian Government: And 
4 therein (upon Review of all their former Ordi- 
4 nances)' they have perfected and compiled the 
4 fame in one entire Body : And, for the obtaining 
' a fafe and well-grounded Peace, they have refol- 

* ved upon a Treaty with the King in the Ifle of 

* Wight ^ upon the Propofitions formcily agreed 
4 upon, and prefented to the King at Hempion- 
4 Gaurt, and for taking aw^y Wards and Liveries, 
4 and alfo upon fuch other Propofitions as (hall hs 
4 propounded, either by his Majefty or both Houfes 
4 of Parliament ; and that the King make Choice 
4 of what Place 'he pleafeth in that Ifland, to be 
' there with Freedom, Honour, and Safety, to treat 

* perfonally with the Commiflioners of Parliament: 

* And the Committee, wbich they have fent to 
4 prefcnt this Offer, are now with his Majefty. 

' c Concerning the feizing of Ships and Goods of 

* the Merchants of the City of London^ and the 

* Decay and Obftrudion of the Tra'de of the King- 
4 dom, by the revolted Ships that lie in the Downs, 
4 the Houfe is deeply fenfible thereof; and have 
4 done what lies in them for reducing thofe Ships 

* to their due Obedience to the Parliament, by of- 

* fering them Indemnity fpr their Offence, and 

* Payment of the Mariners Arrears, upon their 
4 Submiflion ; and by fending the Earl of War- 

* wick^ Lord Admiral, with Power to command 
4 the reft of the Navy to reduce thofe Ships bjr 

* Force, if they refufe the Pardon offered them : 
? Which might have proved an effectual Means, 

* before 


An. 24. Car. I 

f fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

before this Time, to have prevented the Lofs. z\-. 
ready fufrcred, and to have fecured the Trade of 
the Kingdom, had not the Going-out of the 
Fleet been retarded by the Backwardnefs and 
Treachery of divers, who have fecrctly complied 
with the late Defection of the Navy : And, that 
the Houfe may manifeft their earned Defires to 
entertain any further Means i : or their more fpeedy 
and certain effecting of this Work, of fo necef- 
fary Importance to the Honour and Welfare of 
this Nation, they have appointed a Committee 
to treat with the Merchants that are moft con- 
cerned therein, to receive their Advice, and to 
know what Aids they will contribute to the clear- 
ing of the Seas : And their Readinefs therein, 
as it will return abundantly to their own Advan- 
tage, fo it will be embraced, as a moft accept- 
able Service to the whole Kingdom, by this 

' As to the Scots Army, which have in hoftile 
Manner invaded this Kingdom ; are pofleffed of 
Berwick and Carlijle^ contrary to the Treaties 
betwixt the Kingdoms ; and do join themfelves 
with the Popifh and Malignant Party in the 
North; the Houfe of Commons have declared 
them Enemies to this Kingdom ; and that all 
thofe Englijh or Irijh^ as voluntarily adhere unto 
them, are Traitors and Rebels, and to be pro- 
ceeded with accordingly : And they refolve, by 
God's Affiftance, to adhere and. profecute this 
their Refolution : And, upon the neceflary 
Grounds thereof, they do expect the hearty Con-* 
currence and Affiftance of the City of London, as 
of the reft of the Kingdom ; notwithftanding all 
the fecret Plots and Endeavours of the Scots Emif- 
faries, or the Agents of the Popifh and Malignant 
Party of this Kingdom, to the contrary,' 

This Draught being read, a Member objected 
to it, faying, " c He hoped that Copy muft not pafs 
for an Anfwer ; for, as he remembered, the City 
Petition confifted of at Icaft a Dozen Particulars, 


rf E N G L A N D. 395 

acl this Anfwer mentioned only fome of them, An. 24 Car. I. 

and thofe of the leaft Moment. It gave no An- ( ^ 6 ^ / 

fwer to their Dcfires for the difbanding of ail Ar- ' ^^ 
mies to eafe the Nation of their Burdens ; the re- 
itoring the People's Laws and Liberties j the in- 
joining all Members to attend the Houfe ; nor the 
effectual Obfervation of the Self-denying Ordi- 

Mr. Hungcrford objected to a Pafiage in this 
Anfwer, wherein the Houfe of Commons had de- 
clared the Scots Army Enemies to this Kingdom, 
and to be proceeded againft as Traitors and Re- 
bels ; and that they were refolved to adhere to this 
Refolution ; urging, ' That as the Lords had denied 
their Concurrence in that Vote, he conceived the 
Commons could make no fuch Declaration, nor 
aft therein without them.' In anfwer to this Mr. 
Reynolds pcfitively affirmed, ' That the Houfe 
of Commons, being the Reprcfentative of all the 
people, had Power to ac"l without the Lords, for 
the Safety of the People, in cafe the Lords defert- 
ed th-:ir Truft.' And Mr. Weaver faid, The 
Houfe need not be fo precife in giving an Anfwer 
to the City, bccaufe the Citizens did now adhere 
to the Lords, and neglect the Houfe of Commons ; 
for when it was dcfired lately, at a Common Coun- 
cil, that the Originals of the Prince's Letter might 
be fent to the Houfe of Commons, a Common- 
Council Man flood up and uiid, ' The better Way 
was to deliver them to the Lords, becaufe they 
were of greater Honour and Power than the Com- 
mons, being the higheft Court, and a Court of 
Judicature, which the Commons were not ; and 
therefore he conceived the Anfwer propofed was 

good enough. This the Houfe acquielced in, 

and the foregoing Anfwer was ordered to be deli- 
vered to the Citizens. 

The fame Day, dug. 9. The Lords received a 
Letter from the Earl of Mlddlefex, in the Ifle of 
Wight., dated the yth. The Purport of it was on- 

The Parliamentary^ HISTORY 
Car. I. \y t o inform the Houfe of their Arrival there, and 
that they had prefented the feveral Votes to the 

Auguft. Kin S' But 

On the 1 4th the Earl of Middlefcx gave the 
Lords a more ample Account of his Commiflion, 
in htzc Ferba : 

The Earl of * f^i N Monday the yth of Augujl we addrefled 

u d nfo f f X wb1t" ' V* ourfelves to the King, to deliver the feve- 

pafled betveen ' ral Votes of both Houfes ; and, after having read 

the King and < them, we told his Majefty we had but ten Days 

Co^mTiT.onersr ' for g oin ?> %' n g and returning. His Majefty 

at carifbrcoke'in * was pleafed to afk, Whether the ten Days were 

the Ifle of Wight. no t to be accounted from the Delivery of the 

' Meflage? we anfwered, No; and that they were 

' to be accounted from Friday, the Day of our fet- 

* ting forth. The King replied, That he had not 

* then five Days for to confider of his Anfwer, 

* which he prefumed we expected in Writing, 

* adding, That he had none to help him, no not 

* fo much as a Clerk to tranfcribe ; however, he 

* v/ould really contribute his beft Endeavours to a 

* happy Peace. After a ihort Paufe the King faid, 

* He would have lent to the Parliament ; and de- 

* fired us to take Notice, that his long Silence pro- 
' ceeded not from a dull ftupidLazinefs,or his being 

* infenfible of his own or the Kingdom's Condi- 

* tion ; but from the Incapacity that was put upon 
' him by reafon of the former Votes. His Majefty 
' further faid, That now there was a Way opened 

* to a Treaty, which he ever thought the only 
4 Means to a durable Peace, he would chearfully 
' embrace it ; and that none fhould more fpeedily 
' run to it than himfelf ; and, for his Part, as be- 

* ing more concerned than ariy one in the King- 
4 dom ; nay, he might fpeak without Vanity (houkl 

* he fay more than all, and he hoped it would net be 
' thought an hyperbolical Expreffion, being allured 

* whoever gained he muft be a Lofer. His Ma- 

* jcfty then read the Votes to himfelf \ and, ^s he 

' was 

tf ENGLAND. 397 

* was reading them, faid, He liked them well, his An. +c 
' Defines being included in thefe Votes ; for that . * * - ' 

* he defired no more than to treat with Honour, 
4 Freedom, and Safety upon the Proportions, and 

* fuch other Things as either he or the Houfes 
' fliould offer. His Majefty then afked, If the 
4 Commiflioners were named that were to treat ? 
' We anfwered, No. The King faid, In a Treaty 
c there were two Things to be conlidered, fome of 
' Neceffity, fome of Conveniency. After a little 

* Paufe his Majefty added, He would go to prepare 

* his Anfwer, that he might not delay a Minute to 
' promote fo good a Work ; and fo difmifled us for 

* that Time. 

* On Thurfday, Aug. 10, we waited on his Ma- 

* jefty to receive his Anfwer ; and, upon our En- 

* trance into his Prefence, he faid, He was forry 
4 he was limited to fo fhort aTime, and had fo little 

* Help for Difpatch ; yet, notwithstanding, he had 

* prepared his Anfwer. Immediately before the 
' Reading thereof, he ufed thefe Expreffions, That 
' the laft Meffage he fent to the Houfes was deli- 
' vered to the Commiflioners fealed, and if it had 
e been fo prefented, it would have been better for 

* him j but now he thought it fit to fend this open, 
' for he could not be in a worfe Condition than he 

* was, being under fo clofe a Reftraint, none be- 

* ing fuffered to fpeak a Word to him without Su- 
' fpicion. His Majefty then produced his Anfwer, 
' and read it aloud i'n the Prefence-Chamber, be- 

* ing full of Company ; and, after it was read, his 

* Majefty faidj That he had therein endeavoured 

* to give Satisfaction to his Parliament, there be- 

* ing nothing in it but what he conceived was im- 
plied in the Votes of both Houfes. After a little 
4 Paufe his Majefty further faid, That there might 

* .be fome that would oppofe this Treaty, being 

* Gainers by the War, and therefore defired the 

* Continuance of it ; and that others might think 
*, him revengeful ; but for his Part he was fo far 

* from locking any Revenge, that if a Straw fhould 

39 8 The Parliamentary H I s T 

An. 24 Car. I, 

lay in the Way to hurt them, he would ftoop to 
take it up ; and prayed God to forgive them, as 
he did. Not long after, when we came to take 
our Leave, the King called us apart from the Com- 
pany, and afked how we liked his Anfwer ? We 
replied, That we hoped it might be a A'leahs to 
reftore the Peace of the Kingdom.' 

To the SREAKER of the LORDS Houfe pro Tern- 
pore^ to be communicated to the Lords and 
Commons in the Parliament of England at 

The KING'S Moft Gracious ANSWER to the Votes 
of both Houfes of Parliament, in order to a Per- 
fonal Treaty, for the fettling of a fafe and well- 
grounded Peace. 

Carifbrooke-Caftle, Aug. 10, 1648. 

The King's An- jF the Peace of my Dominions were not much dearer 
fwer to the vot y t than particular Inter eft whoever, 1 
for a Perfonal . , , ,/ . , T / . / - ' , 

Treaty. had too much Reafon to take Notice of the feveral 

Votes which pajjed againft me, and the fad Condition 
I have been in now above thefe feven Months ; but 
fime yoii my two ffjt/fes of Parliament^ have open- 
ed^ as it fccms to me^ a fair Beginning to a happy 
Peace^ 1 Jhall heartily apply myfelf thereunto ; and^ 
to that End, 1 if///, as clearly and Jhortly as I may, 
fet you down ihofe Things which I conceive necejtary 
to this bleffcd W^ork^ fo that we together may remove 
ell Impediments that may hinder a happy Conclnftcn of 
this Treaty, which, with all Ckearfiiinefs, I do em- 

And, to this wijhcd End, yottrjd'ves have laid moji 
Excellent Grounds \ for what can I reajonably expeff 
more than to treat with Honour, Freedom, and Safety, 
uponfuch Proportions as you have or Jhall prefent unto 
me, .andjuch as I Jhall make to you ? But wit hall re- 
member, that it is the Definition, not Names, of 
Things which make them rightly knoivn j and that 

of ENGLAND. 399 

without Means to perform, no Proportions can take An - a * Car. I. 
Effett ; and truly my prefent Condition is fuch, that I l6 **' . 
can no more treat than a blind Man judge of Colour s, Auguft, 
or one run a Race who hath both his Feet tied fajl to- 
gether ; wherefore my firjl necejjary Demand is, 

That you will recal all fuch Votes and Orders, by 
which People are frighted from coming, writing, or 
fpeaking freely to me. 

Next, That fuch Men of all Profejfions, whom t 
/hall fend for as of necejjary Ufe to me in this Treaty^ 
may be admitted to wait upon me. 

In a Word : That I may be in the fame State of 
Freedom 1 was in when / was lajl at Hampton- 
Court. And, indeed, lefs cannot in any reafonable 
Meafure make good thoje Offers which you have made 
me by your Votes ; for how can I treat with Honour 
jo long as People are terrified with Votes and Orders 
again/I coming to fpeak or write to me ? And am I 
honourably treated, fo long as there is none about me 
(except a Barber who came now with the Commif- 
jioners) that ever I named to wait upon me ? Or with 
Freedom., until I may call fuch unto me of whofe Ser- 
vices I Jhall have Ufe in fo great and difficult a Work ? 
And for Safety, I fpeak not of my Psrfon, having no 
Apprchenfan that Way, how can I judge to make a 
fafe and well-grounded Peace, until I may know, 
without Difgiiije, the true prefent State of all my Do- 
minions, and particularly of all thofe whofe Inter 'efts 
are necejjarily concerned in the Peace of theje King- 
doms ? which leads me naturally to ths lajl ncccjjciry 
Demand I Jhall make for the bringing of this Treaty 
to a happy End ; which is, 

That you alone, or you and I jointly, do invite the 
Scots to lend feme Perjons. authorised by them, to treat 
upon fuch Proportions as they ft all make \ for certainly 
the public and necejjary Inter cji th^y have in this great 
Settlement, is fo clearly plain to all the World, that I 
believe no body will deny the NeceJJiiy of thsir Con- 
currence in this Treaty, in order 'to a durable Peace : 
Wherefore I will only fay, That as I am King of Lath 
Nations, fo will I yield to none, in either Kingdom, 
far being truly and zealouJJy ajfefled for the Good and 


40 o ^ke Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. Honour of both ; my Resolution being never to be par* 
^ l648 ' tialfor either, to the Prejudice of the other. 

Auguft. Now as to the Place, (becaufe I conceive it to b? 

rather a circumjlantial than real Part of this Trea- 
ty, I fh all not much infijl upon it) I name Newport 
in this Ijle ; yet the fervent Zeal I have that a fpcedy 
End be put to thefe unhappy Dijlraciiiom, doth force 
me earnejlly to dejire you to conjider what a great Lofs 
of Time it will be to treat fo far from the Body of 
my two Houfes, when every fmall Debate, of which 
doubtlefs there will be many, muji be tranfmitted to 
Weftminfter before it be concluded. And Really I 
think, though to feme it may fee?n a Paradox, that 
People's Minds will be much more apt to fettle, fee- 
ing me treat In or near London, than in this IJIe ; 
becaufe, fo long as I am here, It will never be be- 
lieved by many, that I am really fo free as, before 
this Treaty begins, I expecJ to be : And fo I leave 
and recommend, this Point to your furious Confede- 

Thus I have not only fully accepted of the Trea'yi 
which you have propofed to me by your Votes of the 
third of this Month ; but alfo given it all the Fur- 
therance that lies in me, by demanding the necejjary 
Means for the effectual Performance thereof : All 
which are fo neceJJ'arily implied by, though not par- 
ticularly mentioned in, your Votes, as I can no ways 
doubt of your ready Compliance with me herein. I 
have noiu no more to fay, but to conjure you by all that 
is dear to Chriftians, honejt Men or good Patriots, 
that ye will make all the Expedition pojjible to begin 
this happy Work, by hajling down your Commijfioners, 
fully authorifed and well inftrufled, and Ly enabling 
me, as I have Jhevjed you, to treat ; praying the 
Cod of Peace fo to blefs our Endeavours, that all 
my Dominions may fpeedily enjoy a fafe and well" 
gr u :ded Peace> 

The Earl of Middlefex having acquainted the 
Houfe that Col. Hammond fent a Letter after" the 
Commifikners, to inform them, That the King had 


of ENGLAND. 46* 

forgot to fpeak to them concerning his Chaplains ; An.. a* Car. 
and named two of them, Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Ham~ . ' 4 ' 
mond) whom he defired might attend him : This 
the Lords confented to j but the Commons denied 
their Concurrence. 

Then the Speaker reported the Effect of a Con- 
ference with the Commons on Saturday laft, con- 
cerning Major Ralph : ' That ,Mn Serjeant Wylde Rolph. 
faid, He was committed by Warrant from this 
Houfe ; that he was in a languiftiing Condition in 
Prifon ; and that being a Perfon who had ferved 
the Parliament very faithfully, this Cafe was of 
great Confequence, as being of much Prejudice to 
him, the Parliament, and the Army* That, by 
Order of the Houfe of Commons, he took No- 
tice of feveral Things obfervable in the Warrant* 
both in regard of the Illegality of the Imprifon- 
ment, in point of Authority, and alfo of Procefs, 
though he had no Authority to difpute that, in 
refpeft of keeping a fair Correfpondence between, 
the Houfes ; only he did put in a Salvo, according 
to the Graat Charter, that if their Lordftiips fliould 
imprifon by an abfolute Power, it would be de* 
ftrudive to the Liberty of the Subject, and be a 
Breach of the Great Charter ; that though, it had 
been done, yet it had been difclaimed, as being done 
without the Confent of the Commons. He faid* 
The Warrant for the Commitment of Major Ralph 
was illegal* becaufe he ftood committed, being 
only accufed of High Treafon, which is too gene* 
ral ; whereby he cannot make any Anfwer to his 
Accufation. The Party who commits ihould ex- 
prefs the Caufe, and likewife tty? Traitor iliould 
know the Nature of the Offence* Moreover, the 
Warrant (hould run, To be continued in Prifon un- 
til he be delivered by due Courft of Law } which this 
Warrant does not. He faid, The Houfe of Com- 
mons alfo looked upon the fmall Credit of the 
Witnefies againit him, one of whom had been 
committed for a great Offence, and formerly was 
p -Servant to the Earl of Holland \ and alfo Mr. 
Vofc, XVII. C c OJl-orntf 

40 2 Yhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. OJborney who had forfeited his Truft, and corfl- 

^^^^ ___y mitted a great Offence, in concealing this Bufinefe 

.Auguft. againft the King fo long Time after he knew it. 

Upon the whole Matter, the Houfe of Commons 

defired that Major Ralph iljn^ht have his Liberty, 

either by Bail or fome other Way. 

A Committee of Lords was appointed to confi- 
ecfby'the'coin- ^ er wnat was to ^ e &*& to tne Commons concern^ 

mom. ing Major Ralph, at another Conference. But 

nothing further being done in this Affair by their 
Lordfhips, the Commons ordered the Major to 
be admitted to Bail. He was foon after indifted at 
IVinchc/ler Affizes before Serjeant Wylde^ by whofe 
Direction to the Grand Jury they returned the Bill 
Ignoramus^ as has been already mentioned ; upon 
Notice of which the Commons directed the Ma- 
jor to be difcharged, voted him the Sum of 150 /. 
as a Recompenfe for falfe Imprifonment, and 
committed Mr. OJborne and Mr. Doucet, the Wit- 
nefies againft him, to the Cuftody of the Serjeant 
at Arms. 

This Charge of High Treafon againft Major 
Ralph) for compafling and intending the Death of 
the King, was revived foon after the Reftorationof 
his Son, Charles the Second j and Copies of all the 
Proceedings thereupon laid before the Houfe of 
Lords, as will appear under its proper Period. 

Mr. Bulkley re- The fame Day that the Earl of Middle/ex re- 
SloSrs^ro- P orted the late Tranfadions between the King and 
ceedingswith'the the Parliament's Commiflioners in the Ifle of flight, 
King. to the Houfe of Lords, Mr. Bulkley did the fame to 

the Commons : But the King's Anfvver in Writ- 
ing, which was delivered to their Lordfhips, not 
yet being fent down to the other Houfe, this Re- 
port was confined to fome particular Circum- 
ftances only, which Mr. Bulkley reprefented to the 
following Effecb : That the King bade them wel- 
come, as coming about a welcome Bufmefs, Peace, 
which no Man defired with more Earneftnefs than 
him/elf ; that if a Peace did not enfue, the Fault 
ihould not lie at his Door j and that he feared 
2 Obftruc 

tf ENGLAND. 403 

Obftrudlions but from thofe who were Gainers by An - ** s cw * * 
the War. That his Majefty defired, immedi- 
ately after the Delivery of their Meifage, to talk 
with them in private, which they modeftly excufed; 
affirming* that they had no Commiffion for any 
private Conference. That about two Days before 
they came away, his Majefty feeing them ftand in 
the Prefence-Chamber, firft called the Earl of 
Middlefex to him, and had fome Difcourfe with 
him fingly ; next, Sir John Hippejly^ and had the 
like with him ; at length, faid Mr. Bulkley^ he 
called to me, and I could not but afford him the 
Civility of an Ear, and an Anfwer to a few inof- 
fenfive Queftions : But, when we were retired out of 
the Prefence-Chamber, we queftioned each other 
touching his Majefty 's Difcourfe ; and found that 
all to each of us agreed in the fame^ and to the 
fame End, viz. His Majefty's longing Defire for 
a fpeedy Settlement ; importuning us to do all good 
Offices which might tend thereto, in a Compofure 
of the Differences betwixt him and the Houfes of 
Parliament. Mr. Bulkley added, That when they 
\vere to come away, his Majefty delivered them 
his Anfwer in Writing, and gave it them open j 
telling them, He doubted not of their Fidelity, 
though an ill Ufe had been made of the laft Mef- 
fage which he fent open, it having been debated 
and canvafled in private, and a Prejudice put upon 
it, before it was preiented to the Houfes.' 

Thefe Circumftances being thus reported, Mr. 
'Herbert Morty flood up, and faid, Mr* Speaker, *, 
Thefe Gentlemen have delivered all to you, fave 
what they mould deliver, that is, the King's An- 
fwer j which, it feems, they have fuffered to be 
delivered firft to the Lords : But, methinks, they 
might have prefehted us a Copy of it.' And then 
moved, That lince the Gentlemen had gone be- 
yond their Cominiffion, by privately conferring with 
the King, the Houfe might do well, either to call 
them to Account, or give them for their good Ser- 
vice an Adi: of Oblivion.' But this Motion went 
no further at prefent. However, 
C C 2 

404 Tfo Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. The next Day, Aug. 15, the Lords having fent 
l6 * ' . down the King's Anfwer to the Commons, with 
their Votes thereupon, the Independent Party re- 
newed their Refentment againft the Coramiflioners 
for holding a private Conference with the King. 
Mr. "Thomas Cbaloner alledged an Example of one 
Fofcarini, that was fent AmbafTador from the State 
of Venice to Savoy; who, for having a private Con- 
ference with the Spanijh Ambafiador there, Spain 
being then at Enmity with Venice, was condemned at 
his Return home to lofe his Head. To this it was 
anfwered, * That the Example would not hold Wa- 
ter in the prefent Cafe, for that Gentleman argued 
upon a Suppofition of his Majefty's being an Ene- 
my to the Parliament ; which he muft firft prove 
to be true, before the Example of Fofcarini would 
fquare with their Commiflioners.' In Reply to 
which Mr. Scott faid, * The King was (till an Ene- 
my, becaufe he had been the Means to raife a new 
War, by inviting the Scots ; and had not yet made 
Satisfaction for all the Blood that had been fpilt in 
the former War, nor had he yet acknowledged 
his Faults, nor fubmitted himfelf.' 

On Behalf of the Commiflioners it was urged 
by fevcral Members, 4 That the Houfe had given 
them no Prohibition, in their Inftruftions, againft 
Difcourfe with his Majefty : That having revoked 
their Votes of Non-addrefs to the King, it was 
as lawful for the Commiflioners as any other to ap- 
ply themfelves to him : And that if the Commit* 
fioners had reported, that in their private Dif- 
courfes with his Majefty they had found an Averfe- 
nefs in him towards Peace, it is likely they would 
never have been queftioned for any private Confe- 
rence ; but their having teftified an earneft Defire 
and Inclination in the King towards Peace, by a 
fair Treaty, was undoubtedly their only Fault. 

Thefe Arguments had fo great Weight in the 
Houfe, that the Party who firft propofed to cenfurc 
the Commiflioners, made a Motion that the Bufi- 
nefs might be laid afide till another Time ; where* 


0f ENGLAND. 40$ 

upon Sir 'John Hippejly and Mr. Bulkley flood up, An. 24 Car. f, 

and conjured the Houfe either to acquit them pre- l6 4^ ^ 

fently or condemn them, that they might know what 

to truft to ; and not have the Matter now put by 

to be laid in their Dim again half a Year or 

twelve Months hence, when FacYion might hope to 

grow ftrong ; and, by Power, over-awe the Houfe 

to their Ruin. Protefting, That except fome pre- 

fent End were made, either with them or againft 

them, they would forbear any more coming to the 


This refolute Behaviour of the Commiflioners The Commwi8 
had fuch Effect, that the Queftion being propofed return them 
for giving them Thanks, a Motion was made to Thanks, 
add thefe Words, and for approving their Proceed- 
ings, which patted in the Affirmative without a Di- 
vifion : And accordingly the Speaker returned Sir 
John Hippejley and Mr. Bulkley the Thanks of the 
Houfe, and declared their Approbation of thofe 
CommiiTio^ers Proceedings. 

Aug. 1 6. The Lords having defired a Conference 
with the Commons, concerning the King's Letter, 
Sir John Potts reported the following Votes, parted 
by their Lordftiips, in Confequence thereof : 

I/?, ' That, for opening a Way to a Treaty with votes of Ae 
his Majefty for a fafe and well -grounded Peace, Houfe of Lords 
thefe four Votes, of the I 5 th of January laft, be re- JJ^'^' 
yoked and taken off, viz. i . That the Lords and O f "tr&ty. 
Qommpns in Parliament do declare that they will 
make no further Addrefs or Application to the 
King. 2. That no Application or Addrefs be 
made to the King, by any Perfon whatfoever, 
without the Leave of both Houfes. 3. That the 
Perfon or Perfons that (hall make Breach of this 
Order, (hall incur the Penalties of High Treafon. 
And, 4. That they will receive no more any 
Meflagc from the King ; and do enjoin that no 
Perfon whatfoever do prefume to receive or bring; 
any Mcffage from the King, to both or either of the 
$oufes of Parliament, or to any other Perfo. 

C c 3 2<fy, 

4o6 tfbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. 2<#>', ' That fuch Men of all Profefiions, whom 

16481 his Majefty {hall fend for, as of neceflary Ufe to 

Auguit,' kim * n l ^' s Treaty, {hall be permitted to wait on 

his Majefty j and that his Majefty {hall be in the 

fame State and Freedom as he was in when he was 

laft at Hampton-Court. 

3<#y, ' That fuch Domeftic Servants, as his Ma- 
jefty {hall appoint to come to attend upon his Per- 
fon, {hall be fent unto him. 

4/jWy, That the Scots fhall be invited to fend 
fome Perfons, authorifed by them, to treat with 
the King upon fuch Proportions as were tendered 
to his Majefty by both Kingdoms at Hampton' 
Court, at fuch Time as {hall be agreed upon by 
his Majefty and the two Houfes of Parliament. 

$thly, * That the Town of Newport in the Ifle 
of Wight, named by the King, fhall be the Place 
of the Treaty with his Majefty. 

6thfy, ' That it is agreed that the King, if he 
pleafe, may invite the Scots to fend fome Perfons 
authorifed by them, to treat upon fuch Propofi- 
tions as were tendered to his Majefty by both King- 
doms at Hampton-Court, at fuch Time as {hall be 
agreed upon by his Majefty and the two Houfes of 

jthfy, ' That five Lords be appointed to join 
with a proportionable Number of the Houfe of 
Commons, as Commiflioners to treat with the 
King. And, 

La/fly, * That all Expedition be ufed in a Bufi- 
nefs that requires fo much Difpatch.' 

jJfUg. 17. The Commons took into Confidera- 
tion the foregoing Refolutions of the Lords : And 
the firftof them being read, Mr. Scot urged, * That 
the four Votes of Non-addrefs to the King were 
made upon good Advice an! Judgment ; and that 
it would reflect upon the Honour of the Houfe to 
be thus unfettled in their Refolutions, as to vote 
Things one Day, and unvote them the next.' To 
was aniwered, ' It was no new Thing for the 


*f ENGLAND. 407 

Houfe often to unvote Matters of far lefs Moment, An. 14 Car. i- 
than this of a Treaty for the Settlement of the ^^ 
Kingdom : And that Gentleman and others had 
been obferved to be the Ringleaders in unvoting 
many Things, which they conceived crofs to their 
own Defigns j and the only Sticklers in counte- 
nancing the Army heretofore, when they con- 
ftrained the Houfe to recall feveral Votes which 
had been patted with far better Advice and Reafon, 
than thofe Votes of Non-addrefs, or the Declara- 
tion upon them (<:), which had filled the whole 
Kingdom with Outcries, and had been the only 
Caufes for a fecond War.' To which no Reply 
being made, it was carried, without Divifion, to 
concur with the Lords in the firft Refolution.- 
But the Commons put a Negative upon the fourth 
Refolution, for inviting the Scots to the Treaty, 
and made feverai very confiderable Alterations in 
the reft, as will fliortly appear. 

The fame Day, Aug. 17, the Lords agreed up- 
on the following Letter, as an Anfwer to that 
from the Prince : 

tT0 bis Higbnefs the Prince of WALSS mojl humbly. 

May It pleafe your Highnefi^ 

I A M commanded by the Lords aflembled in Their Anfwer tp 
Parliament, to return their humble Acknow- J^^TS w^es 
ledgments for that Offer which your Highnefs cffS^his in?* 
was pleafed to make, in your Letter of the 5th terpofkion. 
Inftant, to interpofe your Mediation with the 
King, your Royal Father, for the obtaining of all 
fuch Conceflions and Acts, as, by the Bleffing 
of God, may moft conduce to a firm and lafting 
Peace, and the Happinefs of his Majefty and all 
his People. 

' The Lords do take this Expreflion as an Ar- 

* gument of the hearty Affection which you bear to 

C c 4 * your 

(f) See this Declaration, which was printed by Order of the Houfe 
of Commons, without alking the Lords Concurrence, at p, z, in 
this Volume. 


. 14. Car, I. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

your native Country ; and do conceive that. na 
thing can more conduce to procure your Highnefs 
an Imereft in the Affe&ions of all the People of 
England^ than to fteer all your Motions in Con- 
currence with thofe Councils and Refolutions that 
are taken in the Parliament; which is, by the 
ancient Conftitution of the Government of this 
Kingdom, the Great Council thereof. 
This being all I have in Command, I take 
Leave to fubfcribe myfelf 

Your- Highnrfs's mojl humble Servant, 

Speaker pro Tempore. 

About this Time alfo the following Letter was 
fent to the Prince, from the Committee of the 
Eftates of Scotland : 

Edinburgh^ Augujl 10, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Highnefs^ 
A Letter fro* c * MONGST all the Calamities an3 Miferis 

:ofa Parl.a. , ^ ^.^ ^ Nat j on ^^ ^ y ears hath 

' laboured under, none doth more deeply wound 
' and afflict us, next to his Majefty, your Royal 

* Father, his prefmt fad Condition and Reftraint, 
c than your Highnefs's long Abfence from this 

* Kingdom ; whereunto, by God's Mercy, and a 
' long Defcent from your many Royal Progeni- 

* tors, your Right and Title is fo juft and unque- 

* ftionable : And feeing the Forces of this King- 

* dom are now again in England^ in purfuance of 

* their Duty to Religion and his Majefty's Refcue, 

* we the Committee of Eftates in Parliament, in- 

* trufted by them with managing the public Af- 

* fairs of this Kingdom under his Majefty's Go- 
' vernment, do prefume humbly to beg, that your 
' Highnefs would be pleafed to honour and coun- 

* tenance, with your Prefence and Afliftance, our 
*. pious and loyal Endeavours for Religion, and your 

* Royal Father's Re-eftablifhment, with all your 

* juft Power; which we look upon as the moft 

* eminertt 

to his 
Highnefs, with 
a tender of their 

of E N G L A N D. 409 

eminent and hopeful Means of ftrengthening and An. 14 oar. I, 
uniting us in this great Work ; being confident J 4 ' _j 
that, if it fhall pleafe God to honour us with be- 
ing inftrumental in his Majefty's Refcue, your 
Highnefs will effe&ually apply yourfelf to pro- 
cure from him juft Satisfaction to the Defires of 
his Parliaments, and thofe intrufted by them, in 
both his Kingdoms : And if your Highnefs fhall 
be pleafed to grant thefe our humble Defires, 
and intruft your Perfon among us, we do engage 
the public Faith of this Kingdom for your be- 
ing in Honour, Freedom, and Safety, during your 
Abode with us in Scotland, or with our Army or 
Forces now in England: And that your High- 
nefs (hall have a free and entire Liberty to re- 
move from us, when or whither your Highnefs 
fhall think fit. 

' Thefe our humble Defires we have prefumed 
to offer to your Highnefs by the Right Honour- 
able the Earl of Lauderdale, a Perfon of great 
Honour and Loyalty ; who hath been eminently 
inftrumental and ufeful in this prefent Engage- 
ment, and is fully inftruc"bd and authorifed by 
us in every Thing concerning this Service ; to 
whom we beg your Highnefs will be pleafed to 
* give Truft to all that (hall be, by him, prefented 
4 to you from 

Your Higknefs's 

Mo/I humble, moft obedi.ent, and mqft faithful 
Servants, the Committee of the Estates of the 
Parliament of Scotland j in whofe Name, and 
by whofe Warrant, thii hjigned 

But this Addrefs to the Prince of Wales, by the 
Scots Parliament, was foon rendered abortive: For 

On the 23d of this Month came a Letter from 
Lieutenant -General Cromwell, containing an Ac- 


(d) I ord C'arendon gives a very particular Narrative of what paf- 
fed upon the Earl of Laudtrdale" t prefrnting tills Letter to the Prince 
tf Walei and his Council. Hijlory, Voi, V, P , i6 7> <t fa . 

4 1 o Tfe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Aa. *4 Car. I. count of a complete Vi&ory he had obtained over 

l648 ' t the Scots Army under the Command of the Duke of 

U Auguft. Hamilton, at and near Prejlon, in Lancajhire. 

This Letter is not entered in either of the Journals, 

but was ordered by both Houfes to be printed, and 

is in Rujhworth) to which we refer (d). 

Their Army un- A Day of Thankfgiving was ordered through - 

Jon^ted^by 11 " Ut the wh Ic Kin g dom to Almighty God, for his 
Cromwell. wonderful great Mercy and Succefs beftowed upon 
the Parliament's Forces againft the whole Scot? 
Army, on the jyth, i8th, and igth Inftant irj 
Lancafoire. The Day to be the 7th of September 
next; and that 10,000 Copies of the following 
Paper be printed, and fent by the Members to the 
refpective Places for which they ferve i and alfo 
be read in all Churches and Chapels. 

The PARTICULAR OCCASIONS of ike felemn Day 
of THANKSGIVING, appointed to be kept through' 
out the Kingdom of England, and the Dominion of 
Wales, on Thurfday, Sept. 7, 1648. 

I. * T""* HE wonderful timely regaining of 77*- 

c JL mouth Cajlle, on the nth of this In- 

' ftant Augujl^ after the moft perfidious Revolt of 

* Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Lilburne, who w 

* flain on the Place, 

2. ' The Forces under the Command of Col. 

* Ricb^ on the i4th of the' fame Month, routed a 

* Body of, at leaft, 800 Foot, landed by Commif- 

* fion from the Prince, to rajfe the Siege of Deal 

* Caftle j flew about 200 of them, and took 100 

* Prifoners, whereof divers very conftderable; fmcc 
which Time the faid Caftle is furrendered into 
the Hands of the Parliament. 

' 3. The Defeat of Sir Henry Lyngen and his 
1 Party, on the 1 7th of the fame Month, mMont- 

* gomeryjhire^ by the Forces under the Command 

* of Col. Horton, Major Robert Harley^ and Col. 

4. And 

U.) CeLWcx. Vol. VII. p. 1237. 


4. * And, above all, the moft remarkable Vic- AB 
8 tory obtained the 17th, i8th, and J9th Days of 

* this Inftant ^KJ^, by the Forces under the Com- 
8 mand of Lieutenant-General Cromwell^ not be- 
8 ing full 9000 upon the Place, againft the whole 

* Army of the Scots under the Command <)f Duke 

* Hamilton^ conjoined with a conn" derable Body qf 
' Englijh under Sir Mftrmaduke Langdale, exceed- 
' ing, in the whole, the Number of 21,000; in 

* which Victory, and the Purfuit thereof, above 
' 10,000 were taken Prifoners ; amongft whom 
' are the Earl of Traquair^ and divers others of 
1 the Scots Nobility ; the Lieutenant-General of the 

* Horfe ; the Lieutenant-General of the Foot ; Sir 

* Marmaduke Langdale^ and many other Knights, 

* Gentlemen, and Officers of principal Quality ; 
' moft of their Arms, Ammunition, Bag and Bag- 

* g a g e > 150 Colours of Horfe and Foot; above 
' 3000 of the Enemy flain, with a very fmall Lofs 

* to the Parliament's Forces, not exceeding the 
6 Number of 100 at moft, and the Victory every 

* Day increafmg by additional SuccefTes. 

.,5. ' Nor muft we, for the greater Glory of this 
f Deliverance, omit to obferve the Conjuncture of 

* Time, wherein God ha h thus appeared the ftrong 
4 Redeemer of his People, and mightily pleaded 

* their Caufe, even in fuch a Time, when there 
' was a general Confpiracy and Aflbciation of the 
8 common Enemy, both by Sea and Land ; and 

* wherein, by fubtle Jnfmuations and fpecious Pre- 

* tences of maintaining the Covenant, they had 
' wrought a very great Defection, againft the Ends 
8 of the laid Covenant, in divers who formerly ad- 
8 he ed to the Parliament: Witnefs the feveral In^- 
furreaions in Wales^ Kent, Yarkfliire, Suffolk^ Ef~. 
6 fex, Sujfix, and divers other Places ; the Revolt 

* of fome Part of the Navy ; the Rifmgs of the 
8 Lord Goring, Lord Capel, Earl of Holland, and 
8 their Parties. 

4 For all which, and many more feafonablc 
8 Mercies, we earneftly defire, That our Almighty 

* Lord, the Lord of Hofts, may be only owned and 

412 V toe Parliamentary HISTORY 

e acknowledged ; and that the Eyes and Hearts of 

* his People may be always towards him for Salva- 
' tion and Deliverance.' 

Aug. 24. This Day a Conference was held be- 
tween the two Houfes, concerning the Votes about 
the Treaty with the King, when the Commons 
faid they agreed to fome of them, but made the 
following Objections and Alterations to the others: 

The Commons * To the Firft Refolution for taking off the four 
propofe feveral Votes of Non-addrefles to the King they agree. 
^e^ordTvotes * ^ t ^ ie ' r Lordmips Second Refolution the 
concerning the Houfe of Commons have made fome Alterations, 
Treaty. becaufe that Perfons excepted from Pardon, or in 

actual War againft the Parliament by Sea or Land, 
or under Reftraint, cannot be thought fit Counfel* 
lors to his Majefty in this Treaty for a fafe Peace ; 
and therefore have refolved that the King be de- 
fired to fend a Lift of the Names of fuch Perfons as 
he holds neceflary, left too great a Multitude fhould 
beget Sufpicion of Danger. They have alfo agreed 
upon new Inftructions to be given to Col. Ham- 
' mondy wherein they defire their Lordfliips Con- 
currence ; for if the Inftructions formerly given to 
Col. Hammond {hall be taken off before the King, 
fhall confent to treat, as is agreed by both Houfes, 
his Majefty would immediately be at full Liberty, 
and the Governor altogether without Inftructions. 
To the Third, for his Majefty's Dowieftick 
Servants, the Houfe of Commons do concur unde'r 
the above Limitations. 

4 To the Fourth, the Houfe of Commons can- 
not concur with their Lordfhips for thefe Reafons 
following : Firft ^ Becaufe a Confent that the Scots 
be invited to treat, doth imply the granting them 
an Intereft of a joint Treaty ; which the Scots have 
broken and diflblved, by invading this Kingdom 
with an Army, not having given three Months 
Warning to the Parliament of England according 
to the Treaty : Secondly, Becaufe the Scots have 
broken the Covenant which was between the two 
Nations, and have made Defection to the contrary 

of E N G L A N D. 413 

art^ in joining with Langdale and other Delin- A"- *4 Car. i 
qtients : And, Thirdly* Becaufe the Scots have pof- tf '* 48> M 
fefled themfelves of Carlijle and Berwick, Englijh Au * uft> 
Towns, into which they put Garrifons contrary to 
the Treaty. 

' To the Fifth, for Newport to be the Place for 
the Treaty, the Commons do concur. 

* To the Sixth, the Houfe of Commons cannot 
concur, That the King (hould invite the Scots to 
join in this Treaty, for thefe Reafons following : 
Fir/}, Becaufe that Authority which fliould fend 
Perfons to treat, hath already fent an Army in an 
hoftile Manner into this Kingdom : Secondly, Be- 
caufe their Lordfhips Vote being to treat on fuch 
Propofitions as were tendered to his Majefty by both 
Kingdoms at Hampton^Court, it were admitting 
the Scots again into an Intereft which they have 
deftroyed by a hoftile Invafion of this Kingdom ; 
but in Lieu thereof the Commons will offer an Ex- 

' To the Seventh, concerning a proportionable 
Number of Members of the Houfe of Commons, 
they agree to appoint Ten. 

' To the laft, the Houfe of Commons conceive 
that, for the Time of Beginning of the Treaty, 
ten Days after the King's Affent to treat, as is 
agreed by both Houfes, will be a convenient Space 
for his Majefty to fend for fuch as he (hall pleafe ; 
and for Difpatch of the Commiflioners of both 
Houfes, who are te treat, that they do then begin ; 
and that, from the Beginning of the Treaty, forty 
Days be allowed for finifhing thereof.' 

After this the Votes, concerning a Treaty with 
the King, as they came up altered by the Houfe of 
Commons, were read, viz. 

I. * Refohed upon the Queftion, That for pen- 
ing a Way towards a Treaty with his Majefty for 
a (afe and well-grounded Peace, the four V otes of 
Non-Addrefs to the King be revoked and taken 

[Here the Votts of Jan. 15, juji now given, are 
recited at large,'} 

2. < Thaj 

414 ^ e Parliamentary fr i s T o R 

An. * 4 car. I. 2 * c That his Majefty be defired to fend to the 

i l6 * ' , Houfes the Names of fuch Perfons as he (hall con- 

Auguft. ceive to be of neceflary Ufe to be about him during 

this Treaty ; they not being Perfons excepted by 

the Houfes from Pardon, or under Reftraint, or in 

actual War agairtft the Parliament by Sea or Land, 

or in fuch Numbers as may draw any juft Caufe of 

Sufpicion ; and that his Majefty {hall be^ in the 

Ifle of Wight, in the fame State and Freedom as he" 

Was in when laft at Hamptons-Court \ 

3. That the Houfes do agree that fuch Do- 
meftic Servants^ not being in the former Limita- 
tions, as his Majefty {hall appoint to come to at- 
tend upon his Majefty's Perfon, (hall be fent unto 

4. ' That the Town of Newport in the Ifle of 
Wight, named by the King, be the Place of this 
Treaty with his Majefty. 

5. ' That if the King {hall think fit to fend for 
any of the Sects Nation, to advife with him con- 
cerning the Affairs of the Kingdom of Scotland on- 
ly, the Houfes will give them a fafe Conduct; they 
not being Perfons under Reftraint in this Kingdom, 
or in actual War againft the Parliament by Sea or 
Land, or in fuch Numbers as may draw any juft 
Caufe of Sufpicion. 

6. ' That five Lords and ten Members of the 
Houfe of Commons be Commiflioners to treat 
with the King. 

7. ' That the Time for beginning the Treaty 
be within ten Days after the King's AiTent to treat 
as is agreed, and to continue forty Days after the 
Beginning thereof.' 

tofttu^ons f To a11 thefe Votes the Lords a S reed ; and alfo 
Col. Hammond, that a Letter {hould be written to Col. Hammond^ 
Governor of the Ifle of Wight^ inclofing the fol- 
lowing Refolutions by way of Inftru&ions for his 
Conduct towards his Majefty, viz. 

Refolvcd, i. That the Place of the Treaty 
with the King {hall be the Town of Newport^ in 
the Ifle of Wight j where his Majefty (hall be in 



the fame State and Freedom as he was in when An > 
laft at Hampton-Court. 

2. ' That no Perfons excepted by the two Houfes 
of Parliament from Pardon, or under Reftraint, or 
in aclual War againft the Parliament by Sea or 
Land, or in fuch Numbers as may draw any juft 
Caufe of Sufpicion, fhall be permitted to come and 
remain in the faid Ifle during the King's Refidence 

3. * That no Perfon who hath been in Arms, 
or affifted in this unnatural War againft the Parlia- 
ment, fhall be permitted to come into any Fort or 
Caftle in the faid Ifle, during the King's Refidence 
there, altho' he be an Inhabitant, and hath com- 
pounded with the Parliament. 

4. * That no Stranger, or Perfon of a Foreign 
Nation, fhall be permitted to come into the King's 
Prefence, without the Order of both Houfes of Par- 
liament ; and if the King fhall be pleafed to fend 
for any of the Scots Nation, to advife with him 
concerning the Affairs of the Kingdom of Scotland 
only, the Governor fhall permit them, having a 
fafe Conducl from both Houfes, to come to his 

5. That Col. Hammond do take Care that 
there be a fufficient Guard for the Safety of the Ifle 
of fright, and to hinder the taking away of the 
King's Perfon from thence. 

6. ' That his Majefty be defired to pafs his 
Royal Word to make his conftant Refidence in the 
Ifle of Wight, from the Time of his affenting to 
treat until twenty Days after the Treaty be ended, 
unlefs it be othcrwife defired by both Houfes of 
Parliament ; and that, after his Royal Word fb 
pafled, and his Aflent given, to treat as aforefaid, 
from thenceforth the former Inftrudlions, of the i6th 
of November 1647, be vacate d, afi d thefe obferved ; 
and that Col. Hammond be authorifed to receive 
his Majefty's Royal Word, pafled to the two Houfes 
6f Parliament, for his Refidence in the Ifle of 
IVight^ accordingly as is formerly expreffed, and 
certify the fame to both Houfes/ 

A Mem- 

41 6 *The Parliamentary M I s T 6 R 

An. 24 Car. I. A Member of this Parliament writes (a), 
t l6 * 8 ' , when thefe Inftr unions to Col. Hammond were de 
Auguft, bated in the Houfe of Commons, they were ex- 
cepted againft by feveral Members, who argued, 
' That fome of them contradicted the former 
Votes, That the King Jhould treat in Honour and 
Freedom, and that he jhotild enjoy the fame Liberty 
ke bad at Hampton-Court ; which could not be 
fo long as he was denied to correfpond with other 
Princes, his Allies, with whom he was in League 
and Amity, by their Ambafladors and Agents j a 
Royalty infeparable from the Crown, and allowed 
him at Hampton-Court ; and that to deny itj was 
implicitly to dethrone him.' To which it was 
anfwered, * That this was true of a King in ac- 
tual Exercife of his Regal Power, which this King 
is not, nor ought to be till he had given Satisfac- 
tion to his Parliament : That it was a great Comle- 
ibention in them, and below the Dignity of a Par- 
liament, to recal their Votes of Non-AddrefTes, 
and put the Bufmefs of the Treaty thus forward ; 
and if the King would not accept of a Treaty upon 
fuch Conditions as the Parliament thought fit, then 
Things would be but where they were.' He adds, 
That the peaceable, moderate Party, perceiving 
what Operation the Vidlory over the Scots had al- 
ready upon the Fancies of thefe hot-headed Men, 
knew they muft fpeak mannerly and modeftly for 
fear of Correction ; and muft take what they could, 
ftnce they could not have what they would.'-- 
The Lords alfo feem to have made a Virtue of 
Neceflity : For, though they gave their Concur- 
rence fo readily to the foregoing Votes as altered 
Ttfd! which the b he Qther Houfe, and to the Inftruftions for Co- 

Lords, with fome .' , #T , - _,. , 

, a- lonel Hammond; yet, at the fame lime, they or- 
dered this Anfwer to be returned to the Com- 
mons, * That their Lordfliips, meerly out of ar 
Delire to expedite the attaining of afpeedy, fafe, 
* and well-grounded Peace, had receded from therr 
4 own Votes, atnd concurred with them in all the 


(j) ffatleSs Htforj of Indtpcndtncy, Part II, p X, 

of ENGLAND. 417 

' in all the Votes now brought up, with the Al- An. 14 Car. I. 
' terations; and their Lordmips defired that they . l6 * 8 ; t 
' might be fpeedily fent to the King by Sir Peter Auguft. ~ 
' Kttiigrew' This was done accordingly the next 
Day, accompanied with the following Letter : 

Weftminjler, Aug. 25, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Majejiy, 

WE are commanded by your Majefty's The Parlia- 
loyal Subjects, the Lords and Commons merit's Letter to 
in Parliament aflembled, to prefent unto your th - e h K {"^ y nt 
Majefty thefe Refolutions ihclofed, which are the f or a Treaty. 
Refults of the faid Lords and Commons upon 
your Majefty's Letter of the loth cf Augujl In- 

Your Majejiy' s 

Moji loyal and mojl faithful 
Subjefis and SerUantj, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers 

pro Tempore. 

Speaker of the Houfe of Com* 

Aug. 25. Tho' Cromwell's own r Account of the 
late Victory over the Scots Army at Prefton^ in Lan- 
iaflrire) is wanting in the Journals, as before taken 
Notice of, yet the Confequences of it are thus 
amply fet forth in the Proceedings of this Day: 

A Meflage was brought from the Houfe of Com- 
mons, by Sir John Danvers and others, to com- 
municate to the Lords fome Letters from the 
Sheriff of the County of Chefterand Col. Latham, 
which were read : And firft a Copy of a Letter to 
Lieutenant-General Cromwell: 

Namptwicb, Aug. 21, 1648. 
Honourable Sir, 

6 1 N purfuance of thofe you fo happily difperfed, A part ; c 
* J. the Lord Traquair and fome of Quality ren- count of 

t ; cu j ar ^ c , 
f the late 

dered themfelves Prifoners of their own Accord ; Defeat of ;ht 
VOL. XVII. D d * others Scot '* 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

others we took Yeftcrnight. Duke Hamilton 
fent a Trumpet, but without writing, to render 
himfelf and the whole Army upon Conditions. 
This inclofed we returned him by two Gentle- 
men who are not yet come back ; we (hall pray 
your Directions, which, in this and other Things, 
(hall be obferved by 

Your mojl humble Servants, 


P. S. We defire to hear where you are, and 
' how you are, and wherein we may ferve you, 
' and in what Condition Harrington is. We have 
' 1000 Prifoners of the meaneft Condition, and 
.* have nothing to maintain them nor our Country, 

* by reafon of the Scarcity of Bread, therefore de~ 

* fire to know how to dirpofe of them.' 

Next was-rcad the Letter fent to the Duke of 
Hamilton^ referred to in the foregoing: 

My Lord, Namptwich) Aug. 20, 1648. 

1 HE Earl ofTraquair and other Lords, and 
.?. Prifoners of Quality, have voluntarily fur- 
rendered thcmfelves, to avokl the Infolenceof the 
Soldiers. And underftanding by your Trumpe- 
ter of your Difpofition to do the like, we do en- 
gage that you (hall ail find noble and civil Refpeft 
and Entertainment. Lieutenant- General Crom- 
well and the Country adjacent are refolved on a 
fpeedy Purfuit ; this we fubmit to your Honour's 
Confideration, and remain 

Tour Excellency's mojl humble Servants, 


of ENGLAND: 419 

Laftly, a Letter to the Speaker of the Houfe of Art - ****' 
Commons : .. ' * ' 

Nampttvichy Aug. 22, 1648. Auguft. 
Honourable Sir, 

* TpHE beaten Enemy flying out of Lancajhire 

* IL into thefe Parts, and the Country being put 
4 into a Pofture, we fell upon them with what 
c Strength we could poflibly raife, and have taken 

* about 1500 ; fome of Which, confiderable Per- 
c fons, have rendered themfelves Prifoners to me, 

* viz. the Earl of -Traquair, Lord Carnegy, Sir 
James Lefley, Sir Michael Nafmith, Lieut. Col. 
' Graham, and many of their Servants * befides 

* many Gentlemen now at Namptwich, whofe Per- 

* fons and Habits declare them of Quality. The 
' meaner Sort, both Men and Women, are very 

* ragged and poor ; the Burthen of which lies fo 
' very heavy upon the Country, wanting Bread, 

* that we cannot provide for them the Neceflaries 

* of Life. The Duke of Hamilton, Sir Marma- 
' duke Langdak, and Myddleton paffed through the 

* Country with about 5000, few of them Foot, 

* and the Horfe tired with an inceflant March, 
' upon whofe Rear we have gleaned many ; and 
' taken a Packet of Papers which we have fent up 

* to your View. 

* Their March wa's into Shrop/hirc, and fo to 
c Stone, in Staffordjhire ; and, Yefternight, into 

* Utoxeter ; and, we conceive^ by their Motion, 

* to the North. We doubt not but you will take 

* a fpeedy Courfe for the Difpofal of the com- 

* mon Soldiers to cafe the Country. No morfe at 

* prefent, but that I am, 

S I R, 

Tour Honour's moft humble Servant ^ 


P. S. ( We intend, in regard of the Obftruc- 
; tions of the Way, to refpite the fending you the 
4 Packet of Papers- until the next Poft.' 

D d 2 Along 

420 e fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

24 Car. I. Along with thefe Letters a Lift was fent of the 


'' V 


Officers and Soldiers of twenty Scots Regiments of 
Foot, taken Prifoners at Harrington- Bridge. The 
Names of all the Officers are particularly entered 
in the Lords 'Journals ; but the Titles of the Re- 
giments, and the Number of the Prifoners are 
iufficient for our Purpofe : . The Duke of Hamil- 
ton's, Lieut. Gen. Bailey's, Col. E/lker's, Col. 
Mackenzie s ; Lord Dumfries';, the General of the 
Artillery's, Col. Frazier's, Col. Richard Douglas's, 
Lord Bargeny's, Col. Turner's, Sir 'John Gray's, 
Lord Tullibardine's, Lord Hume's, Col. Henry 
Maitlis, Lord Carnegy's, Lord Hay's, Lord Keith's, 
Marquis of Argyll's, Lord Roxbrough's, Lord At- 
hole's. The Prifoners taken confuted of Lieute- 
nant-General Bailey, five Colonels, eight Majors, 
20 CaptainSv 48 Lieutenants, 78 Enfigns, three 
Quarter-Matters, 128 Serjeants, and 2256 private 

The Commons feem to have been very jealous, 

at this Time, left the Marquis of Argyll ftiould be 

(.nought to have concurred in this Invafion ; for 

we find the following remarkable Order in their 

Journals of the 26th of this Month, Whereas 

in this Lift there is Mention of divers Officers of 

the Marquis of Argyll's Regiment, it is certainly 

informed, and well known, that they were only 

fuch as, contrary to theDefire of the faid Marquis, 

out of his two Regiments in Scotland, and one 

in {reland, did engage in this Army againft the 

Kingdom of England ; all the reft of his three 

Regiments oppofing it to their great Hazard : 

It is ordered, That thus much be printed, toge- 

ther with the faid Lift.' Notwithftanding which, 

in our Collections, we have a printed Copy of the 

Names of the feveral Regiments, in which this 

Order has not been obferved. 

The fame Day, Aug. 25, the Commons rcfolir- 
Money due to ed, That 4O,ooo /. be employed for the Service 
them ordered for Q f tne pj eet . j 000 j f for providing public Stores 
republic ser- of p owder . and ^QQQ J. for paying the Lanca- 


of E N G L A N D. 

Jhire Forces, that went out of that County to op- An 
pofe the Duke of Hamilton's Army : And that all 
thefe Sums be paid out of the 1 00,000 /. charged 
upon the Receipts at Goldfmttbs-Hall y and remain- 
ing due to the Kingdom of Scotland, according to 
Agreement when they delivered up the King's Per- 

fon to the Englijh Commiffioners. Thus the 

Scots, by their fecond Invafion, loft one Moiety of 
the Debate then owing to them for their firft. 

Aug. 26. A Refolution pafled this Day in the 
Houfe of Commons, relating to an intercepted 
Letter of the King's, which is an Inftance of the 
higheft Affront put upon his Majefty at the very 
Time they were fettling the Preliminaries of Peace 
with him. 

In order to clear up this Bufinefs, it is neceffary Proceedings - 
to obferve, That on the 8th of this Month Com- ^|J apt a ai 
plaint was made to the Houfe of Lords by Mr. Metongrr'tot 
Haliburton^ a Scots Officer, fent by the Commit- King from the 
tee of Eftates of that Kingdom, with their Decla- S^ 5 parli * 
ration (c ) to the King and both Houfes of Parlia- me 
ment, That the Commons had ordered him to 
depart London in twenty-four Hours, before he had 
obtained any Anfwer to the Bufmefs he came 
about ; whereupon the Lords enlarged his Time of 
Stay for one Month. But this giving Umbrage to 
the Commons, they defired a Conference with the 
Lords on the I4th, at which they reprefented, 
That Capt. Haliburton was a dangerous Perfon, 
employed by the declared Enemies to the King- 
dom, from whom many Letters of dangerous Con- 
fequence were taken, which were decyphered and 
communicated to the Common-Council of the 
City ; and having delivered his Letters to his Ma- 
jefty, they conceived it neceflary he fhould return 
to his own Country, and not be protected here to 
do ill Offices to this Kingdom. But the Lords not 
receding from the Indulgence they had granted to 
the Captain, on the i6th the Commons ordered, 
him to be forthwith fent to the Lord-Admiral, and 
D d 3 that 

(e] See the Proceedings of July 20, p. 309. 

422 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24. Car. I. that his Lordfhip be defired to {hip him off for 

^ __^ Scotland by the firft Conveyance. The Captain 

Auguft. being informed of this Defign, embarked on board 

a VefTel in the River, intending to join the Prince 

of Wale's ; but was ftopt at Tilbury Fort and fearched, 

and a Letter of the King's taken upon him. 

Colonel Temple having informed the Houfe of 
all thefe Particulars, and defiring their Advice 
therein, it was ordered, That the Governor of 
Tilbury Fort do deliver the faid Captain Haliburton 
to the Lord-Admiral, to be fent home according 
to their former Order. Then the intercepted Let- 
ter from the King was read, directed, For the Lords 
and Gentlemen, Committees of the Scots Parliament^ 
together with the Officers of that Army ; and a Mo* 
tion being made to deliver the Letter back to the 
Captain, it patted in the Negative, by 39 againft 
35, This Letter was not communicated to the 
Lords, but ordered to be fealed up in a Box, which 
accounts for its not being entered in the Journals 
of either Houfe ; nor is it taken Notice of by Mr. 
IVmtlocke or Mr. Rufljworth ; but is printed at 
lar^e by a Journalift of this Time, whom we have 
often quoted (d), and agrees exactly with the Copy 
the.eof given in Royjfan's Edition of the King's 
Works (e). 

Carifbrooke, July 31, 1648. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

An Intercepted 7"f n fenall Comfort to me, that my native Coun- 
Letter to them * try hath fo true a Senfe of my prejent: Condition^ 
.^ j jj n j ex p re jr g ^ fy your l etter O f t fo g^ O f t fa s 

'Month, and your Declaration, both which I received 
on Friday lajl. And the very fame Rcafon, which 
makes you difcreetly and generoujly at this Time forbear 
to prefs any Thing to me, hinders me likewise to make 
any particular Profejfions unto you, left it may be im~ 
agined that De fire of Liberty jhould now be the only 
Secretary to my 'thoughts. Yet thus much I cannot but 
Jay, that as, in all human Rcafon, nothing but a free 
perfonal Treaty with me can fettle the unhappy Dif- 

(d) Mercnriiu Fragmaticus, N9 15, () Vol. I. p. 349. 

gf ENGLAND. 4 s 3 

trafliom of tbefe diftrejjed Kingdoms ; fo, if that could A*. z4 Car. 
vice be bad, / would not doubt but that, by the Grace t l548> 
of God, a happy Peace would foon follow : Such 
force, I believe, true Reafon has in the Hearts of all 
Men, when it may be clearly and calmly heard ; and I 
am not afhamed at all Times to profefs that it hath, 
and fo /hall be always JVant of Under/landing, not of 
IVill, if I do not yield to Reafon, whenfoe-ver end 
from whomfoever I hear it ; and it were a ftrange 
Thing, if Reafon Jhould be lefs ejteemed becaufe it comes 
from me, which, truly, I do not expecJ from you ; 
your Declaration feeming to me (and I hope your Ac- 
tions will prove that I am not deceived) to be fo well 
grounded upon Honour and Juftice, that albeit* by way 
sf Opinion, I cannot give a Placet to every Claufe in 
it, yet I am confident upon a calm and friendly Debate 
wtjball very well agree, 

To conclude : I cannot, for the prcfent, better Jhew 
my Thankfulnefs t& you for the generous and loyal Ex- 
prejfions of your Ajfeftions to me, than by giving you 
my honejl and ftncere Advice ; which is, really and 
con/iantly, without feeking private Ends, to purfue 
the public ProfeJJions in your Declaration, as ftncere 
Chrijlians and good Subjects ought to do ; always re- 
membering, that as the bejl Foundation of Loyalty is 
Chri/iianity, fo true Chrijlianity teaches perfecJ Loyal- 
ty ; for without this Reciprocation neitlwr is truly 
what they pretend to be. But I am both confident 
that needs not to you (f)> as likewife, that you WtU 
rightly under/land this which is aff'ecJionately intend- 
ed by 

Your affured Friend, 


Aug. 28. This Day Colonel Wayte, a Member 
of the Houfe of Commons, and principally con- 
cerned in the taking of Duke Hamilton, and 3500 ing the Duke of 
Horfe Prifoners with them, at Utoxeter, in Stafford- ^' lto * pri " 
fl)ire, related the Particulars of that whole Pro- 9ner * 
seeding ; and received the Thanks and Approba- 
D d 4 tion 

(fj Sic in Orig, 

Vhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

1< tion of the Houfe, as did alfo the Lord Grey, for 
their Services therein. So far the Journals: But 
tne Particulars of the Colonel's Narrative are thus 
fet down by a Writer of thefe Times (e) : 

' Colonel Wayte being the Man to whom the 
Duke furrendered himfelf, reported to the Houfe 
of Commons that he hung whining fo faft upon his 
Shoulders, that he could not get rid of him j be- 
feeching him to accept of him as his Prifoner, and 
to fecure him from the Fury of the Soldiery : That 
he took his George off his own Neck, and gave it 
up to the Colonel, and alfo his -Great Seal of 
Arms, defiring him to accept of them ; but that 
he reftored them to him again : That the Colonel 
urging to him, What an unworthy Thing it was 
in his Lordfliip to invade England, in Arms, againft 
the Parliament, by whofe Power and Succefles he 
had been refcued out of Prifon at Pendennis, and 
returned home into Scotland with Freedom ; he re- 
plied, That he was now invited to come in by a 
greater Party of the Lords and Commons than 

thofe of his Countrymen who came in before. 

Upon this Col. Wayte was aflced, Whether the 
Duke had named any ? To which he replied, 
* Mr. Speaker, as for my naming of Perfons, that 
imy be done more conveniently at another Time ; 
for you know that the Duke is a politic fubtle 
Lord, and, when he begins to confider the Dan- 
ger now attending him, if he be proceeded againft 
with Severity, he will difcover enough to fave his 
own Head.' 

Lord Clarendon (f) confirms Col. Waste's Nar- 
rative, by obferving, ' That the Duke neither be- 
haved himfelf like a General, nor with that Cou- 
rage which he was never before thought to want ; 
but made all Submiffions and all Excufes to 

thofe who took him.' And accordingly we 

find, in the Commons 'Journals of this Day, that 
feme Members of Houfe were authorised and 
required to examine the Duke of Hamilton^ and 
fuch other Perfons as they fhould think fit, touch- 
(0 Merc. Prag. N z 3 . (f) Htforj, Vol. V. p. 160, ttfa. 

of E N G L A N D. 425 

ing the Information of Invitations, by Perfons in An. 24 Car. I. 

England, for bringing in an Arny of Scots to in- 

vade this Kingdom. An Ordinance was alfo di- 

reeled to be prepared for iequeftering the Eftates, 

real and perfonal, of all fuch Scots Officers or 

Gentlemen, that had been any way engaged on 

this Occafion. 

Aug. 29. This Day the King's Letter, declar- 
ing his Acceptance of a Treaty, was read, with 
a Lift of the Perfons whom his Majefty defired 
might come to him. 

For the Earl of MANCHESTER Speaker of the 
Houfe of Peers pro Tempore, and WILLIAM 
LENTHALL, Speaker of the Houfe of Commons. 

Carifbrooke, Aug. 28, 1648. 
My Lord and Mr. Speaker, 

jHAV E received your Letter of the l$ih of this The King's Let- 
* Month, with the Votes that you fent me ; which ter to t! c Parlia. 
though they are not fo full as I could have wijhedfor "^c 
the perfecting of a Treaty, yet becaufe I conceive by Treaty. 
what you have done that I am infome Me a jure fit to 
begin one, fuch is my incejjant and earneft Deftre to 
give a Peace to thefe my now dijlrafted Dominions, as 
I accept the Treaty ; and therefore defire that fuch 
five Lords and ten Commoners as my two Houfes /hall 
appoint, be fpeedily fent, fully a uthorifed and inftrutt- 
ed to treat with me, not doubting but what is now 
wanting will, at our Meeting, upon Debate, be fully 
Jupplied, not only to the Furtherance of this Treaty, 
but alfo to the consummating of a fafe and well-ground* 
td Peace. 

So I reft your good Friend, 


Here inclofed I have fent you a Lift that ye have 
defired. I defire, in order to one of your Votes, that 
ye will fend, me a free Pajs for Parfons, cne of the 


426 lloe Parliamentary H I s T o R v 

An. 14 Car. I. Grooms of my Prefence-Chamber, to go into Scotland j 
L j and that you would immediately fend him to me to re-* 

ceive the Difpatch thither. 

LIST of the Perfons defired by his MajeJ1y to attend 
kirn in the Ifle of Wight, above referred to. 

DUKE of Richmond, Marquis of Hertford, Earl 
of Lindfey, and Earl of Southampton, Gentle- 
men of my Bed-chamber ; George Kirke, Jamef 
Levingjhne, Henry Murray, John AJhburnham, 
and William Legge, Grooms of my Bed-chamber : 
Thomas Davis, Barber : Hugh Henne, Humphry 
Rogers, and William Levett, Pages of my Back- 
Stairs : John Rivers, Yeoman of my Robes : Sir 
Edward Sydenham, Robert Terwhitt, and John 
Houjlon, Equeries, with four or fix of my Foot- 
men, as they find fitteft to wait : Mrs. Wheeler, 
Laundrefs, with fuch Maids as fhe will chufe : 

Parfons, a Groom of my Prefence : Sir 

Foulke Greville, Capt. Titus, Capt. Burroughs, 

Mr. CreJ/et, Hanjled, Abraham Doiucett, 

and Firebrace, to wait as they did, or as 

I (hall appoint them : Bifhop of London, [Dr. 
Juxon] Bifhop of Salijlury, [Dr. Duppa] Dr. 
Sheldon, Dr. Hammond, Dr. Holdfworth, Dr. San- 
dcrfon, Dr. Turner, and Dr. Heywood, Chaplains : 
Sir Thomas Gardiner, Sir Orlando Bridgman, Sir 
Robert Holbcrne, Mr. Jeffrey Palmer, Mr. Thomas 
Cookg, and Mr. John yaugban, Lawyers : Sir Ed- 
ward Walker, Mr. Philip Warwick, Nicholas Ou- 
dart, and Charles Whittacre, Clerks and Writers : 
Peter Newton and Clemens KenerJIey, to make ready 
the Houfe for treating. 

Next was read Col. Hammond's Letter, addreffed 
to the Earl of Manchejler as Speaker. 

Carijbrooke-CaJlle, Aug. 28, 1648. 
My Lord, 

. s ' I Received Yefterday a Letter and Inftru^ions 

on the feme Oc- 1 from both Houfes of Parliament, by the 
Sir Peter Killegrew, who alfo then pre- 
< fcnted 

p/ ENGLAND. 427 

* felted another to his Majefty ; in Anfwer to An. 24. Car. I, 

* which I (hall give your Lordfhip this Account : l6 ^ 8 - 

* Although I apprehend a great deal of Ambiguity A ' ft% ~ 
' in the faid Inftru&ions, comparing the firft of 

' them with the laft, which caufed me to endea- 
' vour, as much as in me lay, to defer taking his 
' Majefty 's Engagement until I might receive, 

* from the Parliament, an Explanation of my faid 

* Inftru&ions, wherein I was very importunate 

* with the King ; yet his Majefty preffing me ex- 
' ceedingly, to receive his Engagement as it was 

* iignified to him in the Letter and Votes from 

* the Parliament ; and, left any Obftructions of 
^ the Treaty fhould feem to lie upon me, which 
' his Majefty told me that, in cafe of any fuch 

* Delay, he muft charge me with ; upon moft fc- 

* rious Confideration, though in much Doubt- 

* fulnefs, I refolved in my Duty to accept thereof j 
' and accordingly his Majefty hath given the En- 
' gagement of his Royal Word to me, before Sir 

* Peter Killegrew and othei Gentlemen, as is ex- 

* prefled in my laft Inftructions. This I now ac- 

* quaint your Lordfhip with in order to your Com- ..j 
' mands ; but withall I muft let your Lordfhip 

* know that, according to my beft Underitanding 

* of my faid Inftruclions, I am in as great, or 

* greater, Straits than before, what is intended by 

* the Parliament, ia thefe Words, His Majejly's 
4 being in the fame State and Freedom as he was in 

* when laji at Hampton-Court, I having not been 
' there during his Majefty's faid laft Refidence in 
' that Place ; which makes me importune your 
' Lordfhip, that more direct and pofitive Inftruc- 

* tions may be fpeeded unto me, and that I may not 
' be left to Generals in a Matter I no better under- 
' ftand : In the mean Time I {hall apply myfelf, 

* as much as in me lies, to as careful an Obfervance 

* of the Instructions as poffibly may be. 

' His Majefty hath told me, and fo have divers 

* of his Servants who then and there attended him, 
i That there was no Prohibition of any whatfoever 
' to come unto him ; which, according to the Li- 

* nutations 

Tie Parliamentary HISTORY 

* mitations of my laft Inftru&ions, I hold myfelf 

* bound to prevent ; nor was any Communication 
At. ' of Letters to and from any Place whatfoever then 

' hindered him ; and his Majefty hath told me, He 
( now expefis the fame Freedom ; which I thought 
' my Duty to acquaint your Lordfliip with, and 

* which I (hall not hinder, without particulr In- 

* ftruclions to that Purpofe. 

' MJ Lord, if I have miftaken any of your Lord- 
' fhip's Inftru&ions, I befeech you to believe, that if 
' the Fault be not in the Ambiguity of the Inftruc- 

* tions themfelves, it is in my Difability to judge of 
*' them, and not a Want of Defire exactly to ob- 

* ferve your Commands j and that your Lordfhip 
' fhall ever find, when you pleafe to give them me 

* fo as I may beft let you know it. 

* My Lord, I humbly beg Leave here again to 

* importune your Lordfliip, that fome better Pro- 
1 vifion may be made for the great and weighty Af- 

* fairs yet upon my Hands, by Commiffioners of 
' Parliament, as formerly, or otherwife as to your 

* Lordfliip may feem beft ; and this I defire not by 
' reafon of the Burden which hath fo long, and 

* doth ftill fo heavily prefs upon me, but btJcaufe 

* of an Inability I find in myfelf to perform, to the 

* beft Advantage of your Lordfhip's and the King- 

* dom's Service, that Part which I yet fee behind 

* in this my Employment, And fuly, my Lord, 

* my Senfe of this is fuch, that altho', by the great 

* Blefling of God, beyond my Expe&ation and 

* Wonder, it hath pleafed him alone to carry me 
' well through the fteming worft Part of it, I hope 

* with that due Refpeft to his Majefty and Faith- 

* fulnefs to the Parliament's Commands, as will 

* now put to Shame my many malicious Traducers; 

* yet my earned Defires are that, for the future, 
' better Provifion may be made for this fo great 

* Concernment. 

' My Lord, however your Lordftiip fhall pleafe 
' to determine me, yet, becaufe of your Commands 
to me for the Security of his Majefty's Perfon 

from being taken out of this Ifland, (in which 

' Point, 


* Point, in thefe Times of Danger, efpecially in Aft 

* regard of the revoked Ships, there cannot be too 

* much Security) I humbly offer it, that, if pof- 
' fible, a confiderable Force of Shipping may be 
4 fent but of Portfmouth for the Guard of this Coaft ; 

* if not, that two or three of the beft of them may 

* be ordered to ride at Places moft convenient about 
' the Ifland, to command and examine the Paflage 
' Boats; that fo, during the Time of Treaty to avoid 

* the Confluence of People, which otherwife will 
' not be kept off, no Perfon whatfoever, except 

* Inhabitants of this Ifland, may be fuffered to, 

* land, without fufficient Paffes ; to which Purpofe 

* I alfo intend to have ftridl Guards upon every 

* landing Place : And further, that your Lordfljip 

* would give Order for the fending over 100 Horfe 

* and 500 Foot more, to continue during the Time 

* of Treaty, with fufficient Provifion of Money, 
4 fo that the Country be certainly preferved from 

* being burthened by them. 

* My Lord, I (hall alfo acquaint your Lord- 
' fhip, that although the Votes of the i6th of No- 

* vember laft are pofitively taken off, yet I do not 
e hear particularly of the revoking thofe of the I5th 
' of January^ which are more ftrit for the Secu- 

* rity of his Majefty in this Cattle ; befides fome 
others of the fame Effect, which I alfo under- 
' ftand are not taken off but in the general Vote, 
' .of his Maje/ty's having the fame Liberty at at 
' Hampton-Court ; which I humbly offer to your 
Lordfhip's Confuieration, with this alfo, that 
4 Orders may be forthwith given for Horfes and 

* Accommodations for his Majefty's Riding abroad, 
' My Lord, I humbly defire a fpeedy Anfwer in 

* thefe Particulars to him who will be ever, 

My Lord, 
Tour Lord/hip's 

M/l humble and affeftionatt Servant^ 


Yhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

43 o 

An. 14 Car. I. After the reading of this Letter, a MefTage was 

v ^ _ f fent to the Houfeof Commons to deliver them the 

Auguft. foregoing Letter received from the King, and alfo 

the Lift of the Names of the Perfons whom his 

Majefty deftred to attend him. 

Both Houfes had been employed fome Time 
about fettling the Form of Church- Government t 
be ufed in the Churches of England and Ireland, in 
the Prefbyterian Way. And on the 3oth of this 
Month the whole Plan was read in the Houfe of 
Lords, agreed to, and ordered to be printed and 
published ; but it is fo long as to take up near fixty 
Pages in their Journals, and the more unneceflary 
here, ftnce it does not much differ from others that 
have been already mentioned. 

Aug. 31. After reading fome more Petitions from 
the City of London, tending to the fame Purport as 
before, and returning them Thanks for the fame, 
the Lords ordered the following Letter from the 
LordFairfax to be read, concerning the Surrender 
of Colchefter to his Lord {hip. 

For the Right Honourable EDWARD Earl of MAN- 
CHESTER, Spealur of the Houfe of PEERS pro 

Hagb, Aug. 29, 164$. 
My Lord) 

lord Fairfax's Have herewith fcnt you the Articles, with the 
^ratorfcu. * * Explanations annexed, upon which it hath 
chenr. * * pleafed God, in his beft Time, to deliver the 

Town of ColcheJIer, and the Enemy therein, into 

our Hands without further Bloodmed ; faving 
that (for fome Satisfaction to Military Juftice, 

and in part of Avenge for the innocent Blood 
' they have caufed to be fpilt, and the Trouble, 
' Damage, and Mifchief they have brought upon 
the Town, this Country, and the Kingdom) I 
' have, with the Advice of a Council of War of 
c the chief Officers, both of the Country Forces and 

2 ' the- 

of E N G L A N D. 43* 

4 the Army, caufed two of them, who were ren- An * a4> Sj*** ** 

* dered at Mercy, to be {hot to Death before any v _* Jj| , 

' of them had Quarter allured them. The Perfons AuguA, 

* pitched upon for this Example were Sir Charles 
' Lucas and Sir George Life, in whofe Military 

* Execution I hope your Lordfhip will not find 
c Caufe to think your Honour or Juftice preju- 
' diced. As for the Lord Goring, Lord Capel, and 
' the reft of the Perfons rendered to Mercy, and 

* now allured of Quarter, of whofe Names I have 
' fent your Lordfhip a particular Lift, I do hereby 
' render them to the Parliament's Judgment for fur- 
f ther public Juftice and Mercy to be ufed as you 
< {hall fee Caufe. 

* I defire God may have the Glory of his mul- 
tiplied Mercies towards you and the Kingdom in 

* this Kind ; and, in the Condition of Inftruments 
' as to the Service here, the Officers and Soldiers 
of Effex and Suffolk, (who in this Time of fo 

* dangerous Defection have adhered conftant to 

* yours and the Kingdom's Intereft) for their faith - 

* ful Demeanor, and patient Indurance in the Hard- 

* (hips of this Service, are not to be forgotten. 

Your Lord/hip's mojl bumble Servant, 


Next follow the Articles agreed upon the 2yth 
of this Month, between the Commiffioners of Lord 
Fairfax on the one Part, and thofe of the Earl of 
Norwich, Lord Capel, and Sir Charles Lucas on the 
other, concerning the Rendition of the Town and 
Garrifon of Colcbejler. But thefe being print- 
ed at large in Mr. Rujbworth's Collections (u), a 
.Reference thereto may be fufficient ; obforving 
only, that befides the following Perfons of Qua- 
lity, viz. the Earl of Norwich, Colonel ; Lord 
Capfl, Lord Loughborough ; Sir Charles Lztcas, Co- 
Jonel ; Sir WfJMam Compton, Colonel ; Sir George 
Lijle, Sir Bernard Gafcoygne, Sir Abraham Sbitmax, 

(*) Vol. VII. p. 1*44. 

43 2 7& Parliamentary H I s T o R r 

An. * 4 Car. I. Sir John Watt^ Sir Lodowick Dyer, Sir Henry 

, l648 ' __, jtppleton^ Sir Leonard Strutt, Sir ///& ZtyAy, and 

Augu ft. Sir Richard Mauleverer ; nine Colonels, eight 

Lieutenant-Colonels, nine Majors, thirty Cap- 

tains, feventy-two Lieutenants, fixty-nine Cornets 

and Enfi-ns, one hundred and eighty-three Ser- 

jeants, and three thoufand and fixty-feven private 

"Soldiers were made Prifoners of War. 

After reading all thefe Papers, the Lords ordered 
that a Letter be wrote to the General, to return 
him Thanks for his good Service in reducing the 
Town and Garrifon of Colchefler ; and to defire 
him to fend the Lords Goring (u>) and Capel to 
7-Pindfor-Caflle, there to be kept in fafe Cuftody, 
being taken in actual War againft the Parliament. 

Debate in the *^ ne ^ ame ^ a 7 ^ e f re going Letter from Lord 
Houfe of Com- Fairfax was read in the Houfe of Commons ; up- 
mon concerning on w hich up flood a refolute Gentleman, and faid, 

" 4 Mr ' S P eaker T > form 7 Part > know whatfoever is 
pretended othervvife in this Letter, that neither 
Town nor Country defired any Severity towards 
Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lljle^ nor do they 
receive any Content or Satisfaction in their being 
put to Death ; and therefore I fuppofe it was whol- 
ly an Act of Revenge; and, I have Reafon to fear, 
more out of a private Confideration, than a public 
one/ Another Member faid, ' He was of Opi- 
nion, that the executing thofe two Knights now, 
was done on Purpofe to put an Affront upon the 
Treaty, and to grieve and exafperate the King. 
But to prevent further Debate upon this Subject, a 
Motion was made, for conildering which \Vay to 
difpofe of, and proceed againft, the Lords and others 
whojiad rendered to the Mercy of the Parliament. 
Mr. Dennis Bond propofed, That they might be re- 


(w) The Reafon of the Earl of Norwich's being ftyled here onlj 
Loid Gorir.g, is becaufe he was created an Earl after the Kiag left 
the Parliament in January 1641. From which Time the Houfes re- 
fufed to recognize any '" ides or Honours conferred by his 
Se the State of the Peerage in our Ninth Volume, p. *i i. 

of ENGLAND. 433 

ferred back again to the General, to be tried by a An - *4 Car - 

Council of War j and was feconded by Mr. Pri- \ 

dpaux. In Opposition to this a Motion was made, September. 
That the General's Letter might be read over again; 
which being done, it was urged, That feeing he had 
given thofe Lords and Gentlemen Quarter for Life*, 
it could not be either for the Honour of the Army 
to take it away, or of the Houfe to require it. At 
length it was concluded they fhould not be proceed- 
ed againft by a Council of War, but by way of 
Impeachment : And, after much debating about 
the Names of the Perfons to be impeached, the 
Houfe agreed at this Time only upon the Earl of 
Norwich and Lord Capd. 

We {hall conclude the Tranfaclions of this 
Month with the following Order of the Houfe of 
Commons, in favour of Mr. John Rujhwortb^ Com- 
piler of the Hiflorical Collections at this Time Se- 
cretary to Lord Fairfax : This Houfe taking 
' Notice qf the good Service of Mr. John Rujh- 

* worthy in giving timely and conftant Notice of the 

* Proceedings of the Parliament's Forces, do order, 

* That the Sum of Fifty Pounds be beftowed upon 
4 him, to buy him a Brace of Geldings j to be paid 
' by the Treafurers at Goldfrniths-Hall, out of Sir 

6 Charles Keymijbe's Fine.' This Gentleman, 

Having been in Arms for the King, had compound- 
ed with the Parliament for his Eftate. 

September. This Month begins with a Debate 
in the Houfe of Commons, upon the following In- 
ftru&ions to be fent to their Commiflioners ap- 
pointed to treat perfonally with the King, in the 
Me of Wight. 

I. * \7 OU (hall repair to Newport in the Ifle of Inftrua ; on9 fof 
' X JVight, where you, or any eight of you, the C 

' whereof two Lords (hall be prefent, are to treat t e r rs a a t p 

' with his Majefty for the Space of forty Days, from Kj ng . 

' the Beginning of the faid Treaty, on the Propofi- 
VOL. XVU. E e * tions 

434 l~ e "ParliamtoitAry H i s T d R V 

An. *4 Cr. l tions which were prefented to his Majefty ait 
4 Hampton-Court, concerning the Kingdoms of 
' England and Ireland, and for taking away of 
' Wards and Liveries.} now delivered unto yoti, 
' and fuch other Propofitiohs as by both Houfes df 
' Parliament (hall be agreed iip"on; 

II. * You (hall receive fuch Propofitions as his 

* Majefty (hall offer, and forthwith tranfmit therfi 
' to both HoufeJs of Parliament, that you may have 
' farther Direction's from them how to proceed 

* thereupon. 

HI. * You fhall proceed to treat upon 1 the Pro- 

* pofitions for recalling Declarations, &c. the Pro- 
' pofitions concerning the Church, the Propof:- 

* tions concerning the Militia, the Propofitions 
' concerning Ireland^ in the firft Place, in Order, 

* and receive the King's Anfwe'r to each of them j 

* and upon the reft in the fame Order as they ar'e 
4 now placed. 

IV. * You fhall ufe your beft Endeavours that 
e the afore-mentioned Propofitions may be agreed 
' unto, without receding from the Matter of them. 

V. ' You fhall deliver your Demands, and re- 
' ceive his Majefty's Anfvver to them, in Writing. 

VL ' You fhall give frequent Advertifemerit to 

* both Houfes of Parliament of your Proceedings 
' in this Treaty/ 

fhefe InftfucYions being read, Mr. Boys moved, 
c That thofe Propofitions which concerned the In- 
tcreff of the Houfes might be firft infifted on ; and 
that, if the King fhould refule to give h>s pofitive 
Confent unto them, there might be no further Pro- 
ceeding in the Treaty/ This Motion was fecond- 
ed by Mr. Prideaux ; who, in Support thereof, 
gave for Reafon, 4 That if they did not take this 
Courfcj the King would debate every Proportion, 
and then fufpend his Confent to the laft.' To 
which it being anfwered, 4 That it was contrary 
to the Mode of all Tranfaclions of State by way 
of Treaty, to demand a Confirmation of any on'ii 


of ENGLAND. 435 

Particular, till an Agreement be concluded upon An - 
all in general,' the Motion made by Mr. Boys was 
laid afide : But another was ftarted, * That where- 
as there were forty I^ays allowed for the Treaty, 
the Days might be divided ; and certain Propofi- 
tions named to be fet apart for fuch and fuch a Day, 
proportionable to the Number of Days and of the 
Propofitioris;' But this being apprehended to be 
a Defign to limit the Debates of thofe Particulars 
which were of greateft Concernment, and confine 
them to a narrow Gompafs of Time, thereby to 
deftroy the Freedom and Fruit df this Treaty, it 
was fo refolutely oppofed by all fuch Members as 
were really inclined to Peace, that this Motion al- 
fo was over-ruled: Hereupon Mr. Hoyie, of York, 
flood up and faid, ' Mr. Speaker, I cannot but 
tremble to thirik what may be the Succefs of this 
Treaty, which many Gentlemen here are fo wil- 
ling to forward ; for my Partj I conceive it may 
be a Means to deftroy us all, it being utterly un- 
fafe and dangerous for us to make any Peace with 
this King at all.' But it .being apprehended that 
this Gentleman's principal Reafon for oppofing a 
Treaty, was becaiife he then enjoyed an Office in 
the Exchequer, from which the Parliament had 
removed Sir Tksmas Fanjbftw^ which he feared 
might revert to the former Pofleflbr, in cafe of a 
Peace ; another Geritleman thereupon fpoke thus : 
* Mr. Speaker, I, for my Part, envy not thofe 
Gentlemen that enjoy great Offices by the Favour 
tif the Houfe, being, I thaiik God, contented with 
my own Eftate, and defire nothing of others : But, 
becaufe we are now upon a Treaty to give Satif- 
fatlion to the People, and that I find it' to be the 
general Opinion abroad, that thofe Members vvho 
enjpy great Places, are Enemies to Peace, and keep 
the War on Foot for their own Profit ; and be- 
caufe his Majifty himfelf, in that Difcourfe which 
he had with our Cornmiffirmers who carried the 
firft Votes to him for this Treaty, told them, He 
did not j ~?ar that Peace ivoitld be 'obftrtt&'id by a?;v l>ut 
E e/2 fmb 

An. 24 Car, 

436 The Parliament (try HISTORY 

l>fuch as are Gainers by the War ; therefore my 
humble Motion is, That no fuch Gentlemen may 
September, ^e employed as Commiffioners in this Treaty.' To 
this it was only replied* ' That the Houfe had 
pitched upon their Commiflioners already ;' and 
the Speaker fearing a dangerous Scuffle might grow 
upon this Motion* if the Debate was not prevent- 
ed, thought meet to adjourn till the next Day. 

September 2. This Day both Houfes agreed that 
all the Perfons mentioned in the King's Liftfhould 
have Leave to attend his Majefty, except Mr. John 
AJhburnham^ he (landing in the firft Exception 
from Pardon, Mr. William Legg^ Mr. Abraham 
Dowcett) Dr. She/don, Dr. Hammond^ and Dr. 
Holdfworth) as being under Reftraint. They alfo 
read over and approved a Lift of ordinary Servants 
to be fent to the King, confifting of two Coach- 
men, two Grooms, one Farrier, one Surveyor of 
the Stables* one Purveyor, and one Sumpter Man 
of the Robes. 

The fame Day the Parliament refolved to fend 
the following Letter to the King by Sir Peter 
Killegnw : 

Sept. 2, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Majejly^ 
\7 OUR two Houfes of Parliament have com- 
manded us to acquaint your Majefty that 
they have appointed the Earl of Northumberland, 
the Earl of Pembroke^ the Earl of Salisbury, the 
Earl of Middlefex, and the Lord Viicount Say 
and 5Wr, Members of the Houfe of Peers ; Tho- 
mas Lord Wenmari) Mr. Denzil Holies, Mr. Wil- 
liam Pierpointy Sir Henry Vane y ]w. Sir Harbottle 
Grimjtone y Sir John Potts^ Mr. John Crewe, 
Mr. Samuel Browne^ Mr. John Glynne Recorder 
of the City of London^ and Mr. John Bulkley, 
Members of the Houfe of Commons, to treat 
with your Majefty at Newport in the Ifle of 
Wight; and altho' they cannot come within the 


The Parlia- 
ment's Letter to 
his Majefty, giv- 
ing him Advice 

ef ENGLAND. 437 

Time before appointed, yet they fhall give their An. 14 cr. 1. 
Attendance with all conveient Speed, 

Tour "----'- Se?tembcrt 

Mojl loyal and humble Servants^ 

H U N S I) O N, 

Speaker of the Honfe of Peers t 

pro Tempore. 

Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 

After this fome Letters and Papers from the 
Lord-Admiral were read, directed to the Commit- 
tee at 

Aboard the St. George off Sfye- 
bcrry-Nefei Aug. 31, 1648. 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

WE have, for divers Hours, bsen near upon 
an Engagement with the Enemy's Fleet : {? th V" 
Yefterday we did, with much ado, decline it on Earl of War- 

our Part, in Expectation of the Portfmouth Ships, ** ' elatin s 
, . , 11-p- ij to the Proceed- 

knowing how much the public Service depends i ngto f -.he Fleet. 

upon the Iffue of their Arrival. A^t this Inftant 
the revolted Ships ftand away, and w? are weigh- 
ing to purfue them if they keep on their Courfe. 
We have not our Number of Men in this and 
feveral others of the Ships compleat, yet found 
fuch v Spirit, Courage, Unanimity, and Refo- 
luti.qn in their feveral Ships Companies, that we 
muft acknowledge, to the Praife of our God, it 
was given immediately from Heaven. 
* On Tuefday, Night I received a Summons from 
the Prince, by Mr. Seymour ; whereof, and ot 
my Anfwer, 1 do herewith lend a Copy, which 
was the fame Night delivered and fent away by 
the fame Hand. Our Proceedings fince, and the 
Grounds thereof, I (hall prefent by th.2 next, be- 
ing now ftraitned in Time. 

E e 3 I 

yhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

< ] have written to Col. Temple to flay all Vcf- 
fels whatfoever from pafiing by Tilbury- Fort, 
without fpecial Orders from the Parliament or 
myfelf ; which is all I have now to prefent unto 
your Lordfhips, being 


Afftfttonate and humble Servant, 


The Prince's SUMMONS to the Lord-Admiral re- 
ferred to in the foregoing : 

CHARLES Pr. Aug. 29, 1648. 

T 7l S Highnefs the Prince of Wales having ob- 
** ferved a Standard borne by that Fleet, -which 
hath been for fome Hours in View, doth require the 
Admiral, or Chief Commander thtrcof.^ to take No~ 
Uce that his Highnefs is prefent^ and doth csmtnandi 
him to take down the Standard, and to come under 
his Highnefs' 's Obedience for the fettling the Peace cf 
his Majejtys Dominions ; ichcrci::^ if his Highnefs 
fi-all find a ready Compliance, he doth engage himfelf 
net only to obtain the Pardon cf all juch as frail now, 
^yturn to his Majejt'fs Obedience, tyt clfo to receive 
them into his Favour and Truft t and to continue. 
them in Em[ %?/, as Perfons, who, by /hewing 
their Obedience to his llighnefs's Summons, declare. 
their good Affettiom to his Majejly and the Peace of 
tke Kingdom. 

The Lord-Admirars ANSWER to the above. 

From aboard the St. George, 

Aug. 29, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Hjghnefs, 

| AM appointed, by both Houfes of the Parlia- 
' 1 ment of England, to be Lord-High-Admiral 

* of England, by which Right I bear the Standard ; 

* and (hall, God willing, continue to bear it dur- 

* ir.g the Pleafure of the (aid Houfes, notwith- 

4 ftandir.2 

of ENGLAND. 439 

ftanding the Oppofition of any Perfon whatfo- An. 24. Car. l - 
ever; and, as for the fettling the Peace of the t 
Kingdom, I muft refer that to the Wifdom of September, 
both Houfes, who, I conceive, are now in a fair 
Way to effect it, if they be not therein djfturbed ; 
and thjs is what I can return to your Highnefs by 
way of Anfwer to your Highneis's Paper, being 

Your Highnefs's mojl bumble Servant^ 


Sept. 4. Another Letter from the Lord-Admiral, ' 
reported from Derby-Houfe, was read, and ordered 
to be communicated to the Houfe of Commons. 

To the Right Honourable the COMMITTEE of 
LORDS and COMMONS at Derby-Houfe. 

From aboard the St. George in Aldborough 
Road, Sept. 2, 1648. 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

* T) Y my Letter of Tlturfday laft I gave your 

* J3 Lordftiips an Account of our Condition. I 

* ftiall take Leave now to trouble your Lordftiips 

* with a more particular Reprefentation of our Pro- 
' ceedings. 

' Q;i Tuefday Morning, the 2Qth of Augujl, the 

* Fleet with me proceeded down as low as the Shoe^ 

* where, the Tide of Flood coming in, we an- 
' chored. In the Afternoon of the fame Day we 

* difcovered a great fleet of Ships coming into thq 
' River, and, by a Signal from the Adventure Fri- 
' gate, fent out the 28th for Ac'.vice., we found 

* them to be the revolted Ships : At their coming 
' near we faw their three Flags, and made them to 
4 be, fmall and great, at leaft twenty in Number. 

* We had, by this Time, a very great Experiment 

* of the Mariners Affections ; thoib aboard my Ship 

* applying themfelves to prepare for fighting, with 

* the greateft Alacrity that ever I faw t " there being 

* not one of them that difcovered the leait Averfe- 

E e 4 ' nek 

44 7& Parliamentary HISTORY 

nefs to engage, or Unwillingnefs to lay down his 
Life for the Enemy's Reduction ; which, as the 
Captains informed me, was like wife the general 
Temper of the reft of the Fleet ; and truly the 
fpecial Influence of God upon their Spirits was 
vifible to Admiration ; and, which I value as no 
fmall Privilege and Honour to this Undertaking, 
their Eyes, Hearts, and Prayers were fo advan- 
ced to Heaven, as the Place only from whence 
they expected their Help, that it was a great En- 
gagement to our Faith, that God would manifeft 
and engage his fpecial Prefence and Power 
amongft us, and for us, in the Iflue of this Ser- 

' The Place where we that Day anchored was 
full of Sands, and the Channel narrow, therefore, 
about Noon, we began to ply up the Buoy of the 
Nore Edge, endeavouring to keep the Advantage 
that God had given us, of being to the Wind- 
ward of the Enemy. That Night we anchoring 
off the Buoy of the Ncre Edge, and the Enemy 
about a League Diftance from us, the Prince fent 
me a Summons by Mr. Henry Seymour, about 
Eight o'Clock, which I received and anfwered, 
as I gave an Account in my laft to your Lord- 
fhips ; wherein, of the Summons and of my An- 
fwer, I then inclofed a Copy. 
* The fame Tuefday Night I confulted with a 
Council of War, where we determined how to 
manage the next Day's Action ; the Sum of our 
Refolutions being, That every Ship fhould weigh 
and be loofe at the Windward Tide, and get and 
keep the Wind of the Enemy if poffible, and af- 
fift each other with the heft Advantage if en- 
gaged ; but not on that Day to begin the Engage-r 
ment on our Part, we being every Hour in Ex- 
pectation of the Portfmouth Ships ; and the Chan- 
nel, where God's Providence had caft us, was fo 
narrow that, in cafe of Engagement, fome of the 
Ships would have been neceflarily forced upon the 
Sands, and fo deftroyed ; which Inconvenience 
we confidcred mighfr be prevented by the Portf- 

* month 

of E N Q L A N D. 441 

* mouth Ships falling upon the Rear, while we fell An. a 4 I, 
' upon the Van of the Enemy : yet withall to keep 

' our Ground upon, the Nore Edge, a Place of more 
' Advantage than many others thereabouts. 

* That Night and the next Day, viz. the 3oth 

* of Auguft, till about Noon, all was quiet, the 
4 Mariners retaining their former Spirits, of Cou- 

* rage, Unanimity, and Refolution, and then the 
' Tide of Flood coming on, the Enemy weighed. 

* I alfo weighed with the Fleet under my Com- 

* mand, which plying up and down fome Hours, 

* according to the Refolution of the Council of 

* War, maintained the Advantage of being to the 
' Windward of the Enemy ; and we expefted with- 
6 out Scruple a fudden Engagement, the Weather 
' alfo being fair, and a Calm being expected rather 
' than otherwife ; but, about Four in the Afternoon, 
c there fell fo great a Gale of Wind, amounting to 
6 m> lefs than a Storm, that the Admiral of the 
' revolted Ships, with his whole Fleet, was forced 

* to come to an Anchor, and fo were we, there 

* being no Action the Remainder of that After- 
*- noon, nor the Night following ; during which 

* the Admirals of the two Fleets rode about a 
? League one oft" another (f). 

* That Day I fent a Veflel to inquire after the 
' Portfmouth Ships. 

' On Thurfday Morning, Augujl 3 1, I called a 

* Council of War, and then it was again conh'dered, 

* that the Portfmoutb Fleet was not yet come or 

* heard of; that fome Ships of this Fleet, efpecially 

* the great ones, would in all Probability be forced 
' on the Sands, if we fhould engage here ; which 

* would alfo produce the fame Effect as to fome of 


(f) Mr. mitkckt writes, That when the Earl of Warwick came 
near to the Prince, the Lord Willougbby and others were earnert to 
have fought the Parliament's Fleet ; and had fome Aflurances given 
them, that feveral Ships would have revilted to his HighneA. But 
that others about the Prince difluaded him from fighting, pretending 
the Danger to his Perfcn, and carried it by that Argument j \vhere~ 
ns^ in all Probability, as the Seamen's Afilc~rions then flood, if they 
bad fought, the Parliament's Fleet had been endangered. 

Rftff,-ai:t'i i p, 322 

7Z>f Parliamentary HISTORY 

the revolted Ships, whereby the Strength of the 
^^^_^ Navy would be much impaired ; that a few Hours 
September. * E x pe&ance would, or might, bring in the Portf- 
' mouth Fleet, whereby we might not only propor- 

* tion the Enemy's Strength, but alfo, by God's 
Blefling, difable their Return : We alfo confi- 
' dered withall, that on the Mifcarriage of this 

* Fleet depended the Miscarriage of the Portfmoutb 

* Fleet, and the putting of very high Advantages 

* into the Enemy's Hand ; and further, to prejudice 

* the Trade of the Kingdom, and make their 

* Strength at Sea much more c onfiderable ; upon 

* which, and fome other Grounds then offered, it 
' was, amongft other Things, unanimoufly refolv- 

* ed upon the Queftion, by myfelf, the Commif- 
' fioners of Parliament, and others of the Council 

* of War, confiding of twelve in Number, not one 

* Voice contradicting it, That the Ships of this Fleet 

* fhould obferve the Enemy's Motion, and if he 

* plied up, then to ply up before him, keeping as 

* much as might be to the Windward, and declin- 
' ing at prefent an Engagement, unlefs it fhould 
4 be unavoidable ; and that in cafe the Enemy 

* fhould weigh and fall downward, this Fleet {hould 

* follow them, yet at fuch a Diflance that there 
' might be Room enough with Conveniency to 

* anchor and fuccour the Portfmouth Fleet, in cafe 

* they fhould be in Sight ; and fo we prepared our- 
' felves in Expectation of an Engagement that Af- 

* ternoon. 

* But, by. the Time that thefe and fome other 
' Refo.lytions of the Council of War were digefted 

* and ready to be figned, the Vice- Admiral of the 

* revolted Ships did, about Two in the Afternoon-^ 
' weigh, and fhortly after fo did the reft, and fqrth- 

* with their whole Fleet flood away : I did there-. 
' upon give Order to the Fleet with me to weigh, 

* and as foon as my Letter to your Lordihi,ps of 

* that Day was difpatched, we gave them Chafe, 

* fome of our Ships keeping at a fmall Diftance, of 
which the Adventure Frigate fpying a Fleet a-hcad, 
< pf the Enemy, fhot a Gun in Token that they 

* were 

of ENGLAND. 443 

c were the Portfmouth Ships ; whereupon J made An. a* Car. I. 
4 all the Sail I could, to the end that by this Fleet's |6 4* 

* Conjunction with the Portfmoutb Ships, we might " ' 

* be empowered to a more effe&ual engaging of 
4 the Enemy, though the Fleet fuppofed by Capt. 

* fiall to be from Partfmouthy proved to be p,ther 

4 Afterward the Night being come, arid the J*i* 

* lot alfo conceiving it dangerous to proceed fo near 
1 the Sands, I anchored near the Middle of the 

* t about a League and a half fnort of the 

* Enemy ; who, by (hooting of a Gun and hawl- 
' ing up their Sails, gave Caufe of Confidence that 

* they were alfo coming to Anchor, purpofing to 
' weigh early next Morning to purfue them, and 
4 appointing fome Ships of this Fleet to lie near to 

* obferve their Motion. 

' The next Morning, the firftof September , we 
4 found that the Revolters had withdrawn them- 

* felves in the Night ; and, about Six, we difco- 

* vered the Portfmoutb Ships, conceived to be thofe 
? by the many Guns that pafTed, by way of Salute 

* as was interpreted, between them and fome of 
' this Fleet that went up to them ; whereupon I 
' gave Order to weigh, but the Wind grew fo high 
' that the Pilot delivered his Opinion, That this 

* Ship, in fuch Water, would not be able to fail 
' without Danger of Hiding upon the Gnnfleei 
4 Sands; whereupon we remained there at Anchor 

* all that Day, the Wind continuing till Night very 

* This Day, being the fecond of fcptffnler, we 
c weighed from the Middle of the Guvfteet, and, 

* about Ten in the Forenoon, met with all "the 
1 Portfmouth Fleet except tome of the fmalleft Vef- 
4 fels that retired into Harwich for Shelter again ft 

* the Yefterday's Storm ; and fo we proceeded to- 
' gether to Aldborough Roao 1 , to inquire after t.,c . - 
1 volted Ships; where anchoring, I ipoke with tho 

* Captains who came from Portfmoutb, who repre- 

* fcntc'4 their feveral Companies to be as cordial 

444 Tk* Parliamentary HISTORY 

and refolute for the Enemy's Reduction as could; 
be defired. 

September. * Since mv coming hither I have endeavoured to 
inform myfclf which Way the Revolters are 
gone, and find it moft probable that they are re- 
tired to the Goree, there being not the leaft Inti- 
mation in thofe Parts that they are gone North- 
wards; therefoje I (hall, God willing, repair 
To-morrow Morning towards the Downs, where 
I fhall expecT: yourLordfhips further Commands, 
intending, in the mean Time, to fend an Ex- 
prefs to Holland for a certain Account whether 
the Ships are in the Goree, that I may fee in quick 
Capacity to put in Execution fuch Orders as fhall 
be given me in Charge concerning them. I fhall 
add no more but commend it to your Lordfhips, 
Confideration, whether it may not be neceflary 
that the Order be renewed for Indemnity of the 
Revolters upon their Submifiion to the Parlia- 
ment's Obedience ; and fo I reit 

Your Lordfmps * 

dffeflionate and humble Servant , 


P. S. < I have written to Gel. Temple to take off 
the Reftraint of Ships parting by Tilbury-Fort ', 
* any Order or Defire from me notwithftanding.' 

Ths Commons The Number of Scots Prifoners, taken at the 
refolve to tranf- Defeat of the Duke of Hamilton, in Lancajbire* 

port abroad the ^ . re ^^ t ^ e ^ ountry cou ld poffibly main- 

Soldiers talcen TT/- r /-* i_j 

Prifoners in the tain, a Committee of the Houfe of Commons had 
Scots Army. been appointed to confider of fome Method to dif- 
pofe of the common Soldiers of that Army ; and 
it was propofed to engage with Merchants for 
tranfporting abroad fuch of them as appeared not 
to have been forced Meri, which the Houfe agreed 
to ; and this Day it was re (dyed,. That the Com- 
mittee do take Care, in the 'fijft" Place, to fupply 
the Englijh. Plantations, and then difpofe of the 


of E N G L A N D. 445 

reft to Venice ; taking fpecial Security that none of An. 24 Car, I. 
them be transported to other Places, or return to . *^ 8 ' , 
the Prejudice of this Kingdom; and that the Con- September, 
tra&ors, within fourteen Days after fuch Contract 
made, do dilburden the Kingdom from any Charge 
of maintaining thofe Prifoners. 

A Day of Humiliation was ordered to be ob- 
ferved the 1 2th of this Month, to beg God's Blef- 
fing on the Treaty. 

Some Diforders and Difcontents arifing about 
this Time between the two Houfes, wherein the 
Lords thought themfelves ill ufed by the Commons, 
the former defired a Conference, at which they 
made the following Remonftrance : 

* The Lords were informed that, on Saturday The Lord* com- 
lafti the Mefiengers of their Houfe delivered aP lainoftheCom - 
Meflaee to the Houfe of Commons, defiling a Con- mons not P a > in f. 

11 i n i /* rr i-> a proper Kelpect 

ference with them, and ftaid five Hours in Expec- to their Meffcu- 
tation of an Aufwer, but had none returned : That8 ers 
divers Times the Lords Meflengers had waited at 
the Door of the Houfe of Commons for three or 
four Days together to deliver a Mefiage. Thefe 
Things being fo prejudicial to the expediting the 
Affairs of the Kingdom between the two Houfes, 
fo unufual in former Times, and being the Occa- 
iion of multiplying one Mefiage into very many, 
the Lords do defire them to take the fame into 
Confideration, and think of fome Cpurfe to pre- 
vent the fame Obftruetions for the future, that fo 

Anfwers maybe more fpeedily^ returned.' But 

the Commons paid little or no Regard to this Re- 
monftrance, as will fhortly appear. 

Sept. 5. This Day the Commons ordered a Call The latfer orf 
of their Houfe to be made on the 26th ; and it be- a c*l*of their" 
ing propofed, That a Penalty of 100 /. be fee up- Houfe. 
-Dn thofe who fnould not then appear, it pafled in 
the Negative, but a Fine of 20 /. was agreed to j 
and a Committee was appointed immediately to 


44 6 

An. 24 Car. 



An Ordinaricis 
for granting . 
3000 /. to Col; 

The Partiamentdry HISTORY" 

prepare a Declaration, expreffing the Reaforts fo'r 

calling the Houfe at this Time. The Preamble W 

which runs thus: 

4 Whereas both Houfes of Parliament havfe 

* agreed upon a Perfonal Treaty with his Majefty^ 
which is fpeedily to commence; for the Manage- 
ment whereof the Attendance of all the Members 
of Parliament will be very necefTary, becaute 
in the Multitude of Counfellors there is Safety ; 
and in the Succefs thereof the Allaying of the 
prefent Diftempers, and the future Happinefs of 
this Kingdom, is fo highly concerned : // is there- 
fore ordered^ &c. 

The Journals of this Day take Notice 6f a Dr* 
vifion in the Commons relating to the famous CoK 
Lilburne. It may be remembered that, in the Be- 
ginning of laft Month, the Houfe took his Cafe in- 
to Confideration and paiTed feveral Votes iri his 1 
Favour : In corifequence of which an Ordinance 
was brought in for raifing 3000 /; out of the real 
Eftate of the late Lord-Keeper Coventry, towards 
the Reparation and Damages the Eolonel had fu- 
ftained by two Sentences given againft him in the 
late Court of Star-Chamber; the one Feb. 1 3, 1637, 
and the other April 18, 1638. The Ordinance 
being this Day read a fecond Time, a Motion fo'r 
its being committed was carried in the Negative 
by 33 againft 15 ; and, inftead of paflirtg it, the 
Houfc ordered that Lands be fettled upon Col. Lil- 
burnt and his Heirs, to the Value of 3000 /. at 
twelve Years Pufchafe, out of the Eftates of Delin- 
quents j in the late Infurreftions, not yet fequeftercd. 
Mr. Rnfljwortb obferves only, That the Commons 
difagreed in the Manner of raifing this Money ; but 
another Contemporary (b] gives a very extraordi- 
liinary Reafon for altering the Colonel's Security. 
* The Lord Coventry's Eltate, his Father having 
been one of the Star-Chamber Judges, was defigned 
to pay Lilburne s Fine ; but Sir Henry l f ane, fenior, 

(i) Mtre* frag. N" 24- 

^ENGLAND. 447 

having cohfulted with the Earls of Pembroke and An - 2 4 Car - r ' 
Salijbury about this Bufmefs, and fearing this Pre- . ' *.' . 
cedent might in Time reach their Eftates too, pre- September, 
vailed by their Friends fo far> that Lord Coventry's 
Eftate might be exempted, and fome other Courfe 
taken to raife the Money/; This Account feems 
howife improbable^ becaufe Sir Henry Vane and the 
two Earls had frequently fat as Judges in the Star- 
Chamber Court j though fince the Meeting of this 
Parliament they joined in the Meafures againft the 
King. - 

Sept. 6. Both Houfes having agreed to borrow 

1 0,000 /. of the City of London, for the neceflary 

^ ( ri-'-r' u'T^ i f> J The Parliament 

Occafions of the Treaty ; this Day the Commons borrow 10,000 /. 

refolved, That 500 /. be applied for Coaches, for the Expences 

Horfes, Footmen's Liveries, and other Provifions of *** Treat y- 

for the Stables ; 500 /. for Linen and other necef- 

fary Accommodations ; 6000 /. to fuch as the King 

(hall appoint, for defraying the Expences of his 

Majefty and his Houfhold ; and 3000 /. for the 

Commiflioners Charges. 

Sept. 8. A Letter from the King to the Lords 
was read, and ordered to be communicated to the 
Houfe of Commons. 

For the Lord H u N S fc o N, Speaker of the Houfe 
of PEERS pro Tempore, and WILLIAM 
LENTHALL, Speaker of the Houfe of COM- 
.M o N s. 

Carifbrooke, Sep. 5, 1648. 
My Lord and Mr. Speaker, 

7 HAVE received your Letter of the fecond of this The Kir g. s An . 
Month, containing the Names of thofe who arc fwer to their Let- 

to treat with me ; and thwvb 'they do not come at tke r t r concernin 
tr" * j T ft. n i f n T " e Appointment 

Time appointed, 1 jhall not wonder ; at fnjl juclg- O f Cominiffion- 

ing it fo jrart in refpett of my two Hcnfes, net cf"s. 
my f elf, that I did not Imagine It could be kept, <is I then 
commanded Sir Peter Killegrcw to tell you by Word 
cf Mouth : And therefore it foall be far from me to 
' take Exceptions for thfir having chpfid tbt appoint- 




448 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

04 Car. I. ed Time ; for God forbid that either my two Houfei 
or I Jhould carp at Circumjlances to give the leajl Im- 
pediment to this Treaty ) much lefs to hinder the happy 
finijhing of it ; I fay this the rather, becaufe I know 
not how it is pojjible (in this I /hall wijh to be de- 
ceived) that, in forty Days Treaty, the many Dif- 
traftions of thefe Kingdoms can be fettled ; and, if 
fo, it were more than Jlrange that Time enough 
Jfwdd not be given for the perfecting of this moft 
great and good IVark ; -which as I will not believe 
can be Jtuck on by my two Houfes, fo I am fure it 
Jhall never be by 

Your good Friend, 


P. S. I think fit to tell you, becaufe I believe that 
in this Treaty there will be need of Civil Lawyers, I 
have fent for my Advocate Ryves and Dr. Duck. 

A LETTER from the Lord Admiral to the Speaker 
of the Houfe of LORDS was read, and ordered to 
be communicated to the COMMONS. 

My Lord, Deal, Sept. 5, 1648. 

TH E Proceedings of the Fleet fince our 
weighing from Lee Road I did, on Sa- 
turday laft, reprefent, by a Letter from Aldborougk 
Road, to the Committee at Derby-Houfe, with 
my Defire that the fame might be communicated 
to both Houfes of Parliament. Since which it 
hath pleafed God to bring the whole Fleet into 
the Downs ; and now I (hall make bold to give 
you the Trouble of this Addition. 
* It pleafed God, notwithftanding all the Coun- 
ter-works of the Kingdom's Enemies, and the 
great Difcouragements that occurred in this Ex- 
pedition, to enable us, after fome Time, to get 
the Ships lately in the River Thames conveniently 
manned. His Power and Goodnefs to the Na- 
tion was farther manifefted, in giving to the Com- 
panies of thofe feveral Ships Spirit ynanimpufly 
4 to 

tf E N G L A N t>.' 

* to engage with Refolution againft the common Ari 
k Enemies of the Kingdom at Sea, that had fo 

* wickedly departed from their Truft arid Duty: 

* Hereof we had a moft glorious and feafonable 

* Experiment dt that Time, when the Enemy drew 
' near us with a Fleet above the Proportion of that 
' Strength we then had, to the Defeating and Dif- 
' appointment of truit Confidence of fome who fo 

* fooliftily boafted of the great Share and Intereft 
' in their AfFe&ion. ifhat Mercy the fame Power 

* was pleafed to fecond, with cauling thofe Ene- 

* mies to turn their Backs, even when his Arrows 

* were but making ready upon the String againft 

* the Face of them ; arid yet God refted not there, 
' but the next Day after the Enemies Retirement^ 

* he was pleafed to bring into an happy Cohjunc- 

* tion with us the Portfmouth Ships^ whofe Com- 
' panics had likewife teftihed the fame Spirit of 

* Courage and Unanimity for the Parliament's Ser- 

* vice : And now we are here together with a 

* Fleet, which, for Number and Quality of Ships^ 

* and Temper of Seamen^ is fitted $ I hope^ thro* 

* die Strength of God, effe&ually to execute and 
' accomplifh whatever may rationally be expected 
from it for the public Service. A Lift of thefe 

* Ships I have here inclofed ; and truly I may not 
fc omit to reprefent the Fidelity, Conftancy, and 
' Courage of the Captains, having had no Occa- 
' fion, fmce rhy coming forth, to take Notice of 

* the leaft Backwardnefs of any of them to purfue 
4 their Duty with the utmoft Diligence. 

' I (hall ftay here a little Time to fupply Water, 

* Ballaft, and a few other Neceffaries ; which be- 

* ing compleated, I {hall, God willing, improve 
c Time and Opportunity, with all poflible Advan-- 

* tages, for Aclion ; not doubting, but as God 
' hath hitherto helped us, fo he will ftill accom- 
' pany us with his Prefence,- Counfel, and Bleflingj 

* and make bare his glorious Arm at Seaj as he 

* hath done on Shore ; and fo make it good that 

* he is the Strength and Confidence both of the 
. VOL. XVIL F f * Emfo 

*fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ends of the Earth, and of them that are far off 
upon the broad Sea. 

' I fhall add, that, being upon the Place, I havtf 
confidered the great Importance of getting the 
Caftles at the Downs into a Condition of Ser- 
vice ; the Protection of the Fleet, and of Trade^ 
having fuch a Dependence thereupon ; of their 
great Ruins I am now an Eye-Witnefs : If there- 
fore a Courfe may be thought upon for their put- 
ting into Repair, and fettling of an Efrabliftiment 
for their future Pay, it would be worthy of the 
Parliament's Care to direct it; which,, in Dif- 
charge of my Duty, I do earneftly recommend 
unto them accordingly. And fo, defiring God 
to direct and profper all your Councils to his 
Glory, and the Kingdom's Settlement, I reft 

Tour Lordfiip's humble Servant, 


LIST of the Parliament's Fleet now In the 
Downs, and thereabouts, the $th of Sept. 1648, 
under the Command of ROBERT Earl of War- 
wick, Lord High Admiral, 

JVeymouth Pink, 

Hart, and 
Roebuck ; alfo 
Three Ketches. 

Sept. ii. This Day the following moft extraor- 
dinary Petition was prefented to the Houfe of Com- 
mons. Both Mr.RuJhiuorth(i) and Mr. J<Writlocke(k) 
give an Abftracl: of fome Part thereof; but in our 
Collection of Pamphlets we meet with the ori- 
ginal Edition of it, printed upon a broad Sheet, 
which we give at large ; it being, in our Opinion, 


(/) ColieRions, Vol. VII. p. 1157. (k) Memorials, p. 330. 

St. Gesrge, 

Tenth Whelp, 


too mterefting to admit of any Abridgment ; efpe- A ^- 
cially as it may be, in fome Sort, deemed a Plan 
of the Commonwealth which too'k Place a few 
Months after. Mr. Henry Marten is faid to have 
been the Penman of this Petition. 

To the Right Honourable the COMMONS of ENG- 
LAND in Parliament ajjembled^ 

The HUMBLE PETITION of Tljoufands of well-af- 
fetted Perfons inhabiting the City of London, 
Weftminfter, the Borough of Southwark, Ham- 
lets, and Places adjacent , 


THAT although we are as earneftly defirous A Petition fo <fe| 
of a fafe and well-grounded Peace, and Commons a- 
that a final End were put to all the Troubles and fy'^ith the'icfng' 
Miferies of the Common-wealth, as any Sort of pVaying that 
Men whatfoever ; yet confidering upon what Houfe to declare 
Grounds we engaged on your Part in the late the4remeAul 
and prefent Wars$ and how far, by our fo doing, thority of tht 
we apprehend ourfelves concerned, give us Leave, Nation, &* 
before you conclude us by the Treaty in Hand, 
to acquaint you, Firft, with the Ground and Rea- 
fon which induced us to aid you againft the King 
and his Adherents ; Secondly, What our Ap- 
prehenfions are of this Treaty ; Thirdly, What 
we expected from you, and do ftill moft earneftly 

' Be pleafed therefore to underftand, that we 
had not engaged on our Part, but that we judged 
this Honourable Houfe to be the Supreme Autho- 
rity of England^ as chofen by, and reprefenting,' 
the People ; and intruded with abfoiute Power 
for Redrefs of Grievances, and Provifion for 
Safety j and that the King was but at the moft 
the chief public Officer of this Kingdom, and ac- 
countable to this Houfe, the Reprefentative of 
the People, from whom all juft Authority is, or 
ought to be derived, for Diicbarge of his Office :. 
And if we had not been confident hereof, we had 
F f 2 * riot 

452 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

.n. 2.4 Car. I. c not been fo defperately mad as to have taken up 

^j ' Arms, or to have been aiding and aflifting inmairt- 

>js;smber. * tam ing a War againft him ; the Laws of the 

* Land making it exprefly a Crime, no lefs than 
' Treafon, for any to raife War againft the King* 

' But when we confidered the manifold Oppref- 
' fions brought upon the Nation by the King, his 

* Lords, and Bifhops ; and that this Honourable 
' Houfe declared their deep Senfe thereof; and that, 
4 for Continuance of that Power which had fo op- 

* prefled us, it was evident the King intended to 

* raife Forces, and to make War ; and that if he 

* did fet up his Standard, it tended to the DuTolu- 

* tionof the Government: Upon this, knowing the 

* Safety of the People to be above Law, and that 

* to judge thereof appertained to the fupreme Au- 
4 thority, and not to the fupreme Magistrate ; and 
' being fatisfied in our Confciences, that the pub - 
" lie Safety and Freedom was in imminent Danger, 

* we concluded we had not only a juft Caufe to 
' maintain^ but the fupreme Authority of the Na- 

* tion to juftify, defend, and indemnify us in Time 
' to come, in what we fhould perform by Direc- 

* tion thereof, though to the higheft, 

* And as this our Underftanding was begotten 

' in us by Principles of right Reafon, fo were we 

' confirmed therein hy your own Proceedings ; as 

* by your condemning thofe Judges, who, in the 

* Cafe of Ship-Money, had declared the King to 
' be Judge of Safety ; and by your denying him to 

* have a negative Voice in the making of Laws, 

* where you wholly exclude the King from having 

* any Share in the fupreme Authority ; then by your 

* carting the Bifhops out of the Houfe of Lords, 

* who, by Tradition alfo, had been accounted an 
' efiential Part of the fupreme Authority ; and by 

* your declaring to the Lords, That if they would 

* not join with you in fettling the Militia, which 
' they long refufed, you would fettle it without 

* them; which you could not juftly have done, had 
' they had any real Share in the fupreme Autho- 

* rity, 

< Thefe 

$f ENGLAND, 453 

* Thefe Things we took for real Dempnftra- An. 34 CAT. 
( tions that you undoubtedly knew yourfelves to 'S+S- 

* be the fupreme Authority ; ever weighing down * ~' u. 

* in us all other your indulgent Expreffions con- 

* cerning the King or Lords j it being indeed im- 

* poiBble for us to believe that it can confift either 

* with the Safety or Freedom of the Nation, to be 
' governed either by two or three Supremes; efpe- 

* cially where Experience hath proved them fo apt 

* to differ in their Judgments concerning Freedom 
6 or Safety, that the one hath been known to pu.- 
c nifh what the other hath judged worthy of Re- 
c ward ; when not only the Freedom of ttye People 
4 is directly oppofite to the Prerogatives of the King 

* and Lords, but the open Enemies of the one have 

* been declared Friends by the other, as the Scots 

* were by the Houfe of Lords. 

* And whereas mod of the Oppreffions of the 

* Commonwealth have, in all Times, beeli brought 

* upon the People by the King and Lords, who 
fc neverthelefs would be fo casual in the fupreme Au- 

* thority, as that there could be n9 Redrefs of Grie- 

* vances, no Provision for Safety, but at their Plea- 
' fure : For our Parts, we profefs ourfelves to be 

* fo far from judging this to be confiftent with Free- 

* dom or Safety, that we know no greater Caufe 

< wherefore we aflifted you in the late Wars, but 

* in hopes to be delivered by you from fo intole- 

* rable, fo deftrudtive a Bondage, as loon as you 
1 fliould, through God's Bleffing upon the Armies> 
4 raifed by you, be enabled. 

' But, to our exceeding Grief, we have obferved 

* that nofooner God vouchfafeth you Victory, and 
' blefleth you with Succefs, and thereby enableth 

< you to put us and the whole Nation into an abfo- 

* lute Condition of Freedom and Safety, but, ac- 

* cording as ye have been accuftomed, pafling by 
4 the Ruin of the Nation, and all the Blood that 

* hath been fpilt by the King and his Party, ye be- 

* take yourfelves to a Treaty with him ; thereby 
' putting him, that is but one fmgle Perfon, and a 
6 public Officer of the Common- wealth, in Coru- 

F f 3 * P"titicyi\ 

454 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Ctr. I. petition with the whole Body of the People, 
' whom ye reprefent, not confidering that it is im-p 
' poffible for you to erect any Authority equal to 
yourfelves ; and declared to all the World that 
you will not alter the ancient Government from 
that of King, Lords, and Commons ; not once 
mentioning, in cafe of Difference, which of them 
c is Supreme, but leaving that Point, which was 

* the chiefeft Caufe of all our public Differences, 
6 Difturbances, Wars, and Miferies, as uncertain 
' as ever. 

' Infomuch as we, who, upon thefe Grounds, 

* have laid out ourfelves every Way to the utter-r 
' moft of our Abilities ; and all others throughout 
' the Land, Soldiers and others, who have done the 

* like in Defence of your fupreme Authority, and 
' in Oppofition to the King, cannot but deem our- 
' felves in the moft dangerous Condition of all 

* others, left without all Plea of Indemnity for what 
c we have done ; as already many have found I y 

* Lofs of their Lives and Liberties either for Things 
4 done or faid againft the King ; the Law of the 

* Land frequently taking Place and Precedency, 

* againft and before your Authority, which we 

* efteemed fupreme, and againft which no Law 

* ought to be pleaded. Nor can we pofiibly con- 

* ceive how any that have any ways affifted you can 

* be exempt from the Guilt of Murderers and Reb- 

* bers, by the prefent Laws in Force, if you perfift 

* to difclaim the fupreme Authority j though their 
' own Confciences do acquit them, as having op- 

* pofed none but manifcft Tyrants, Oppreflbrs, and 

* their Adherents. 

4 And wherens a Perfonal Treaty, or any Trea- 

* ty with the King, hath been long Time held 
' forth as the only Means of a fafe and well-ground,- 

* ed Peace ; it is well known to have been cried up 

* principally by fuch as have been always difaffeft- 

* ed unto you ; and though you have not contra- 
' dieted it, yet k is believed that you much fear the 

* I flue thereof, as you have Caufe fufficient, ex- 

* ccpt you fee greater Alteration in the King and 

* hi* 

of ENGLAND. 455 

his Party than is generally obferved ; there hav- An - * 
ing never yet been any Treaty wi*li him, but 
was accompanied with fome under-hind Dealing ; 
and whilft the prefent Force upon him, though 
feeming Liberty, will in Time to come be cer- 
tainly pleaded againft all that (hall or can be 
agreed upon : Nay, what can you confide in, if 
you confider how he hath been provoked j and 
what former Kings, upon lefs Provocations, have 
done, after Oaths, Laws, Charters, Bonds, Ex- 
communications, and all Ties of Reconciliations, 
to the Deftru&ion of all thofe that had provoked 
and oppofed them ? Yea, when yourfelves, fo foon 
as he had figned thofe Bills in the Beginning of 
this Parliament, faw Caufe to tell him, That even 
in or about the Time of pailing thofe Bills, fome 
Defign or other was on foot, which if it had ta- 
ken Effect, would not only have rendered thofe 
Bills fruitlefs, but have reduced you to a worfe 
Condition of Confufion than that wherein the 
Parliament found you. And if you confider what 
new Wars, Rifmgs, Revoltings, Invafions, and 
Plottings have been fince this laft Cry for a Per- 
fonal Treaty, you will not blame us if we won- 
der at your hafty Proceedings thereunto ; efpe-r 
cially confidering the wonderful Victories which 
God hath blefled your Armies withall. 
6 We profefs we cannot chufe but ftand amazed 
to confider the inevitable Danger we {hall be in, 
though all Things in the Proportions were agreed 
unto ; the Refolutions of the King and his Party 
have been fo perpetually, violently, and impla- 
cably profecuted and manifefted againft us ; and 
that with fuch Scorn and Indignation, that it 
muft be more than fuch ordinary Bonds that muil 
hold them. And it is no lefs a Wonder to us, 
that you can place your own Security therein, or 
that you can ever imagine to fee a free Parlia- 
ment any more in England. 
* The Truth is, and we fee we muft either now 
fpeak it, yr for ever be filent, we have long ex- 
F f 4 < petted 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

pe&ed Things of another Nature from you, and 
_ fuch as we are confident would have given Satif- 
September. * fa&ion tqtall ferious People of all Parties. As, 
-I. ' That you would have made good the fu-> 

* preme Authority of the People in this Honourable 

* Houfe from all Pretences of Negative Voices, ei- 

* ther in the King or Lords. 

2. * That you would have made Laws for Elec- 
' tion of Reprefentatives yearly, and of Courfe, 

* without Writ or Summons. 

3. * That you would have fet exprefs Times for 
4 their Meeting, Continuance, and Diflblution, as 

* not to exceed forty or fifty Days at the moft; and 

* to have fixed an exprefs Time for the ending of 
' this prefent Parliament. 

4. * That you would have exempted Matters of 
' Religion and God's Worfhip from the compul- 
' five or reftri&ive Power of any Authority upon 

* Earth, and referved to the fupreme Authority an 

* uncompulfive Power only of appointing a Way 

* for the Public, whereby Abundance of Mifery, 
f Perfecution, and Heart-burning would for ever he 
' avoided. 

5. ' Tha,t you would have difclaimed in your- 
c felves, and all future Reprefentatives, a Power of 

* prefling and forcing any Sort of Men to ferve in 
' Wars ; there being nothing more oppofite to 
' Freedom, nor more unreafonable in an Authority 
' impowered for railing Monies on all Occafions, 

* for which, and a juft Caufe, Affiftants need not 

* be doubted j the other Way ferving rather to 
' maintain Injuftjce and corrupt Parties. 

6. ' That you would, have made both Kings, 

* Queens, Princes, Dukes, Earls, Lords, and all 
' Perfohs, alike liable to every Law of the Land, 
' made or to be made ; that fo all Perfons, even 

* the highcft, might fear and ftand in Awe, and 
' neither violate the public Peace, nor private Right 

* of Perfon or Eftate, as hath been frequent, with- 
' out being liable to Account as other Men. 

* 7. ' That you would have freed all Commoners 
c from the Jurifdiftion'of the Lords in all Cafes ; 


of E N G L A N D f 457 

* a^d to have taken Care that all Trials fhould be An. 74 Car. r. 

* only by twelve fworn Men, and no Conviction io4 

* but upon two or more fufficient known Wit- spttmber. 

* nefles. 

8. ' That you would have freed all Men from 

* being examined againft themfelves, and from be- 
' ing queftioned or pu^ifhed for doing of that againft 
' which no Law hath been provided. 

g. * That you would have abbreviated the Pro- 
ceedings in Law, mitigated and made certain the 
' Charge thereof in all Particulars. 

10. ' That you would have freed all Trade and 

* Merchandizing from Monopolizing and Engrof- 

* fing, by Companies or otherwife. 

11. ' That you would have aboliftied Excife, 

* and all Kind of Taxes except Subfldies, the old 
' anH only juft Way of England. 

12. ' That you would have laid open all late In- 
' clofures of Fens and other Commons, or have 
inclofed them only or chiefly to the Benefit of 
the Poor. 

13. ' That you would have confidered the many 

* Thoufands that are ruined by perpetual Impri. 
fonment for Debt, and provided for their En- 
e largement. 

14. ' That you would have ordered fome effec- 
c tual Courfe to keep People from Begging and 
' Beggary, in fo fruitful a Nation as, thro' God's 
6 Bleffing, this is. 

15. * That you would have proportioned Pu- 
' nifhments more equal to Offences, that fo Men's 
' Lives and Eftates might not be forfeited upon 

* trivial and flight Occasions. 

1 6. c That you would have removed the tedious 
' Burthen of Tythes, fatisfying all Impropriators, 
' and providing a more equal Way of Maintenance 
6 for the public Minifters. 

17. ' That you would have raifed a Stock of 
4 Money out of thofe many confifcated Eftates you 
4 have had, for Payment of thofe who contributed 

* voluntarily above their Abilities, before you had 

' provided 

45$ Tb? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. provided for thofe that had difburfed out of their 
' Superfluities. 

1 8. ' That you would have bound yourfelves 

* and all future Parliaments from aboliming Pro- 
' perty, levelling Men's Eftates, or making all 

* Things common. 

19. * That you would have declared what the 

* Duty or Bunnefs of the Kingly Office is, and 

* what not ; and afcertained the Revenue paft 

* Increafe or Diminution, that fo there might never 

* be more Quarrels about the fame. 

20. ' That you would have rectified the Elec- 

* tion of public Officers of the City of London, and 

* of every particular Company therein, reftoring 

* the Commonalty thereof to their juft Rights, 

* moft unjuftly withheld from them, to the produc- 

* ing and maintaining of corrupt Intereft, oppofite 
c to common Freedom, and exceedingly prejudi- 
' cial to the Trade and Manufactures of this Na- 

21. ' That you would have made full and ample 

* Reparations to all Perfons that had been oppreiled 

* by Sentences in High Commiflion, Star-Cham - 
' ber, and Council-Board, or by any Kind of Mo- 
f nopolizers or Projectors ; and that out of the 

* Eftates of thofe that were Authors, Actors, or 

< Promoters of fo intolerable Mifchiefs ; and that 

* without much Attendance or Seeking. 

22. ' That you would have abolifhed all Com- 
e mittees, and have conveyed all BufmefTes into the 
true Method of the ufual Trials of the Common- 

< wealth. 

23. ' That y^ou would not have followed the 

* Example of former tyrannous and fuperftitious 

* Parliaments, in making Orders, Ordinances, or 

* Laws, or in appointing Punifhments concerning 

* Opinions or Things fupernatural, ftiling fome 
', Blafphemies, others Herefies ; when as you know 
' yourfelves eafily miftaken, and that divine Truths 
' need no human Helps to fupport them : Such Pro- 
\ ceedings havin? been generally invented to divide 

4 the 

of E N G L A N D. 459 

* the People amongft themfelves, and to affright An - ** -" 

* Men from that Liberty of Difcourfe by which L 48 ' 

* Corruption and Tyranny would be foon difco- September, 

* vered. 

24. ' That you would have declared what the 
f Bufinefs of the Lords is, and afcertain their Con- 
' dition, not derogating from the Liberties of other 

* Men, that fo there might be an End of ftriving 

* about the fame. 

25. ' That you would have done Juftice upon 

* the capital Authors and Promoters of the former 
c or late Wars, many of them being under your 

* Power ; confidering that Mercy to the Wicked 
' is Cruelty to the Innocent, and that all your Le- 

* nity doth but make them the more infolent and 
* prefumptuous. 

26. ' That you would have provided conftant 

* Pay for the Army now under the Command of 
' the Lord-General Fairfax, and given Rules to' 

* all Judges and all other public Officers through- 

* out the Land, for their Indemnity, and for the 
e faving harmlefs all that have any ways aflifted 
' you, or that have faid or done any thing againft 
4 the King, Queen, or any of his Party, fmce the 

* Beginning of this Parliament ; without which any 

* of his Party are in a better Condition than thofe 

* that have ferved you, nothing being more fre- 
6 quent with them than their Reviling of you and 
' your Friends. 

' The Things and worthy Acts which have been 

* done and atchieved by this Army and their Adhe- 
' rents, (however ingratefully fuffered to be fcan- 

* dalized as Sectaries, and Men of corrupt Judg- 

* rhents) in Defence of the juft Authority of this 
' Honourable Houfe, and of the common Liber- 
' ties of the Nation, and in Oppofition to all Kind 
' of Tyranny and Oppreflion, are fo far from 
' meriting an odious Ar. of Oblivion, that they 
' rather deferve a moft honourable Act of perpe- 

* tual Remembrance, to be as a Pattern of public 

' Virtue, Fidelity, and Refolution to all Pofterity. - 

27. That 



Car. it 

The Parliamentary H I s T o R Y 

27. ' That you would have laid to Heart all the 
Abundance of innocent Blood that hath been 
September. " fylh, and the infinite Spoil and Havock that hath 
been made of peaceable harmlefs People, by ex- 
prefs Commiflioners from the King; and ferioufly 
to have confidered whether the Juftice of God be 
likely to be fatisfied, or his yet-continuing Wrath 
appeafed, by an At of Oblivion. 
* Thefe, and the like, we have long Time 
hoped you would have minded ; and have made 
fuch an Eftablifhment for the general Peace and 
contentful Satisfaction of all Sorts of People as 
fliould have beei* to the Happinefs of all future 
Generations ; and which we moft earneftly de- 
pre you would fet yourfelves fpeedily to effect ; 
whereby the almoft dying Honour qf this moft 
Honourable Houfe would be again revived, and 
the Hearts of your Petitioners and all other well- 
affected People be afrefh renewed unto ypu ; 
the Freedom of the Nation, now in perpetual 
Haaard, would be firmly eftablifhed ; for which 
you would once more be fo ftrengthened with the 
Love of the People, that you fliould not need to 
caft your Eyes any other Ways, under God, 
for your Security : But if all this availeth no- 
thing, God be our Guide, for Man fheweth us 
not a Way for our Preferyation.' 

To which the The yctirnah take no Notice of any Anfwer be- 
Commons giving ing given to this Petition. Mr. Rujhwarth and 
no Anfwer ano- M Wutlocke both agree in faying, 'That the 

ther is prefented , T ,- T> TM i i 

to them in Main- Houfe gave the Petitioners 1 hanks for their great 

*enance of the Pains and Care for the public Good of the King- 

former. dom, and faid they would fpeedily take their De- 

fires into Confideration.' But this feems to be a 

Miftake, for we find by a Contemporary Journa- 

UJ1(J], That on the I3th a fecond Petition was pre- 

fented to the Houfe from the fame Perfons who pre- 

fented the former, attended with fome inferior Of- 

ficers of the Army, in thefe Words : 

(I) Menurius Pragmaticutf N,25 

if E N G L A N D. 461 

the Right Hon. the COMMONS of England, in An. 44 Car. I. 
Parliament a/tnbled> l6 4 8 - j 

he HUMBLE PETITION of the Presenters of the September. 
late large Petition, prefented to this Honourable 
Houfe upon Monday /a/I, being the nth of Sep- 
tember, 1648, 


*"Tp H A T we judge ourfelves, and all who hav fc 

A cordially affifted you in the late or prefent 
Wars, fo much concerned in the Matters con- 
tained in our faid large Petitions, as that thereon 
depend not only the Lives, Liberties, and Eftates 
of all that have adhered unto you, but alfo the 
Peace, Freedom, and Profperity of the Com- 

' And therefore, confidering the Weight and 
Neceffity thereof, in this Inftant of Time, toge- 
ther with our conitant Faithfulnefs to the true In- 
tereft of this Honourable Houfe in your greateft 
Extremities, we cannot but grieve that we ihould 
now, in any refpecl:, appear fo inconfiderable in. 
ourfelves, or fo immaterial in the Petition, that 
(having received and read the fame) neither it 
nor we Ihould be thought worthy of the lead 
Teftimony of your Regard to either. 

* The which your unaccuftomed Bearing to- 
wards well-affected Petitioners, and the Danger 
we conceive ourfelves and the Caufe we have de- 
fended to be in until we know what your Senfc 
and Refolutions are upon the Particulars thereof, 
hath neceflitated this our humble and fpeedy Re- 

* Earneftly praying that you will be plcafed tore- 
aflume the Confideration of the whole and every 
Part of the faid Petition, before you proceed with 
the Treaty intended ; and that you would favour 
your Petitioners, who have not preferred their 
Lives before your Prefer vation, fo far as to let 
them underftand your Accept'atfori a-nd Intentions 

4 thereupon j 

462 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. < thereupon ; that fo we may neither become a 
l648 ' t * Prey nor yet a By-word to our Enemies, for our 
September. ' Affection to the common Welfare of the Na- 
' tion. 

And as in Dutv bound we Jball pray ', &C. 

Our Author proceeds thus : c After the delivering 
of this Petition, the Perfons who prefented it find- 
ing no Inclination in the Houfe to give them any 
Anfwer, they became fo bold as to clamour at the 
very Doer againft fuch Members as they conceived 
crofs to their Defigns ; and fa id" they refolved to 
have their large Petition taken into Confideration 
before a Treaty ; that they knew no Ufe of a King 
or Lords any longer ; and that fuch Diftm&ions 
were the Devices of Men, God having made all 
alike ; adding further, That many Thoufands 
would fpend their Blood in the Maintenance of 
' thefe Principles ; and that 40,000 had fubfcribed 
the Petition, but they conceived 5000 Horfe would 
do more Good in it. In the Midft of thefe Rodo- 
jnontadoes, to countenance and encourage them, 
feveral of their Fraternity among the Members ap- 
peared, as Mr. Scot, Mr. Blackifton, Mr. Ifeever ', 
and particularly Mr. Brian Stapylton, who told a 
Gentleman that was walking with hhn in the Court 
cf Requefts, That to his Knowledge there were 
40,000 Hands to the Petition ; and that the Houfe 
muft yield to them, or elfe it might be too hot to 
hold fuch as oppofed it ; and that he wondered what 
they meant to go on with a Treaty, feeing no Safety 
could be expected in a Peace with this King. 
This, and much more, was proclaimed likewile 
by the Petitioners at the Door, to give the World 
to underftand, that they intended this Petition as a 
Preamble to the Ruin of his Majefty and of Mo- 

the Parliaments The Commiffioners being fet out for trie Ifle of 
Commifiioners Jffgbt^ both Houfes adjourned de Die in Diem, 
ifte o?wlhf ' without doing much Bufmefs to our Purpofe. The 

of E N G L A N D. 463 

3ing, in the mean Time, had fent a Letter to them^ An. 24 Car. I. 

tkfmng a fafe Conduft, with Blanks, for fuch Per- t l6 * 8 ' , 

fons as the Commiffioners of the Parliament of September. 

Scotland fhould make Choice of to attend him, by 

whom he might be informed of the prefent State 

and Condition of Affairs in that Kingdom. This 

Requeft the Commons denied, as being fubject to 

many Inconveniences ; which the King under- 

ftanding, he fent another Letter, and, to avoid all 

Difpute, named the Perfons whom he would have 

to come to him ; who were the Lord Carnegy^ Sir 

Alexander Gibfon^ Knt, Lord Clerk Regifter, and 

Sir James Carmicbael^ Knt. Treafurcr Deputy, 

and their Attendants. The Houfes confented only 

to the laft, the two former having been in Arms 

againft the Parliament. 

Lord Clarendon gives a very particular Narrative Account of fom 
of the Circumftances previous to the Treaty, which Circumftances 
as they tend greatly to illuftrate the Proceedings^ p t a ed K ' 
between the King and the Commiffioners, we fhall anaThem^ pre-* 
copy in his own Words (m) : t The Commiffioners vious to the 
for the Treaty arrived in the Ifle of Wight upon the Treat >'* 
1 5th Day of September, whilft Cromwell yet re- 
mained in his Northern Progrefs, and his Army 
divided into feveral Parts for the finifhing his Con- 
queft ; which was the Reafon that all they who 
wifhed ill to the Treaty, and that it might prove 
ineffectual, had ufed and interpofed all the Delays 
they could that he might return before it begun ; 
as they who wifhed it might fucceed well, were as 
folicitous that it might be concluded before that . 
Time, which made them the lefs to infift upon 
many Particulars both in the Proportions and the 
Inftru&ions, which they hoped might be more ca- 
pable of Remedies in the Treaty than before it. 

* They ftaid three Days in the Ifland before the 
Treaty begun, which was Time little enough to 
prepare the Houfe for the King's Reception at 
Newport^ and adjufting many Circumftances of the 
Treaty, In that Time they waited feveral Times 


(} Hi/ttry, Vol. V. p. 20?. 

464 The Parliamentary H i s f o & tf 

An. 4 Car. I, on the King, with great Shew of outward Dufy 
t u 16 ^ 4 ' , and Refpect ; and though none of them durft ad^ 
September. venture to fee the King in private, they commu- 
nicated freely with fome of thofe Lords and others^ 
who, with the Parliament's Leave, were come to 
attend the King during the Time of the Treaty : 
And fo they found Means to advertife his Majefty 
of many Particulars which they thought neceffary 
for him to know, which made different Impref- 
fio'ns upon him, as the Information proceeded from 
Perfons better or worfe affeiled to him : And many 
of thofe who had Liberty to attend, were compe- 
tent Confiderers of the Truth of what they faid. 

' The Truth is, there were amongft the Com- 
miflioners many who had been carried with the 
Violence of the Stream, and would be glad of 
thofe Conceffions which the King would very 
chearfully have granted, an Acl: of Indemnity and 
Oblivion being what they were principally con- 
cerned in. And of all the reft, who were more 
paflionate for the Militia, and againft the Church,- 
there was no Man, except Sir Harry Vane^ who 
did not defire that a, Peace might be eftablifhed by 
that Treaty ; for as all the other Lords defired, in 
their own Natures and Affections, no more than 
that their Tranfgreffions might never more be called 
to Remembrance ; fo the Lord Say himfelf (who 
was as proud of his Quality, and of being diftin- 
guifhed from other Men by his Title, as any Man 
alive) well forefaw what would become of his Peer->- 
age if the Treaty proved ineffe&ual, and the Ar- 
my fhould make their own Model of the Govern- 
ment they would fubrnit to, as undoubtedly they 
refolved fliortly to do ; and therefore he did all he 
could to work upon the King to yield to what way 
propofed to him, and afterwards upon the Parlia- 
ment to be content with what his Majefty had 
yielded. But the Advice they all gave, of whatf 
Inclinations or Affections foever they were, was 
the fame, ' That his Majefty fhould forthwith, 
and without delaying it to the Expiration of the 


of ENGLAND; 465 

Term afligned by the Parliament for the Treaty, An. 24 Car. I; 
which was forty Days, yield to the full Demands t l648 ' 
which were made in the Propofitions.' Their only September, 
Argument was, ' That if he did not, or not do it 
quickly, the Army would proceed their own Way, 
and had enough declared that they would depofe the 
King, change the Government, and fettle a Re- 
public by their own Rules and Invention.' And 
this Advertifement was as well believed by thofe 
of the King's own Party, as by the Commiffioners 

' Before the Treaty begun the Commiffioners 
made it known to the King, c That they could not 
admit that any Perfon fnould be prefent in the 
Room where the Treaty fhould be in Debate : 
That they were Comir.iffioners fent from the Par- 
liament to t:eat with his Majefty, and with him 
alone ; and that they might not permit any parti- 
cular and private Perfons to oppofe, or confer with 
them upon, the Demands of the Parliament :' So 
that albeit the Parliament had given Leave to 
fcveral Bimops and other Divines, and to many 
Lawyers of Eminency, to wait on his Majefty, up- 
on his Defire, that they might inftrudl and inform 
him in all difficult Cafes which related to Religion 
or the Law of the Land, they were like to be of 
little Ufe to him now they were come ? if they 
might not be prefent at the Debate, and offer fuch 
Advice to his Majefty as, upon emergent Occa- 
fions, he (hould ftand in need of, or require from, 
them; At lafl they were contented, and his Ma-- 
jefty was obliged to be contented too, that they 
might ftand behind a Curtain, and hear all that 
was faid; and when any fuch Difficulty occurred 
as would require Confultation, his Majefty might 
retire to his Chamber, and call thofe to him, with 
whom he would advife, to attend him ;.and might 
then return again into the Room for the Treaty* 
and declare his own Refolution. This was the 
unequal and unreafonable Preliminary and Condi- 
tion to which the King was compelled to fubmit 
before the Treaty couid bc?in.' 

VOL. XVII. " G g Sir 

4 66 

*fhe Parliamentary H i s T o R y 

i6 4 8. 



An. 24 Car. I. Sir Philip Warwick (a}i after reciting the Names 
of the Parliament's Commifiioners, and of thofe 
whom they allowed to attend his Majefty at the 
Treaty, of which himfclf was one, writes thus : 
* The King's Lords and Gentlemen only ftood 
about his Chair, but were not to fpeak a Word in 
his Afliftance, whilft he fingly difputed with all 
the before-mentioned able Men upon the feveral 
Heads of their Proportions. But if at any Time 
the King found himfelf in need to afk a Queftion, 
or that any of his Lords thought fit to advife him 
in his Ear to hefitate before he anfwered, he him- 
felf would retire into his own Chamber ; or one 
of us Penmen, v. ho ftood at his Chair, prayed him 
from the Lords to do fo ; but more Liberty than 
this his Attendants were not allowed/ 

Sir Edward Jl 'alkcr (), Garter, Principal King 
at Arms, and the Chief Clerk employed by the 
King during the Treaty in the Ifle of Wight ^ has 
preferved . Copies of moft of the Votes, Letters, 
Propofals, and Anfwcrs, that pafled between his 
Majefty and the Commiilioners of Parliament relat- 
ing thereunto, among which are feveral Papers 
not entered in the Lords Journals : Thefe will be 
given under their proper Series. 

Sept. 2C. A Letter from the Commiffioners in 
the Ifle of Wight, was this Day read in the Houfe 
of Lords. 

For the Right Honourable the Speaker of the Houfe of 

PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Newport, Sept. 16, 1648. 

A FTER we had received your Commands and 
** our Difpatch for the Journey, we were 
careful to make the beft Fkifte we could ; and 
came to Southampton upon Thurfday Night, where 
Sir Peter Ki Hi grew met us with a Menage from 
the King, that his Majefty was glad we were fa 

' near 

(a) Meir.oirs, p. 312., 

(h] Printed by way of Appendix to his HIJlarical Difcsurfts, irf 

The Commlf- 
fioners Account 
of the Proceed- 
ings there. 

of E N G L A N D. 467 

near arriving, and was fd defirous no Time fLould An - 24 8 Car> 
be loft upon the Treaty, that he would be ready t _ 
and willing to begin it cither on Saturday o'r September. 
Monday ; but thought Monday would be the fit- 
teft Day, in regard we might come too. late on 
the Friday, and not be fo fettled as to begin 
next Day j to which we returned this Anfwer, 
which he carried back next Morning, That we 
would fpeed our Paflage the next Day into the 
Ifland, and hoped it would be in good Time, and 
then (hould be ready to attend his Majefty, and to 
go on with the Treaty, either on Saturday or Mcn- 
day, as he would pleafe to command us : Accord- 
ingly we pafled the next Day, but the Tide fo 
fell cut that it was very late before we got to 
Newport ; when immediately we gave his Ma- 
jefty Notice of our Arrival, and that we waited 
his Pleafure for our Attendance on him. He 
fent us Word, It fhould be the next Day, being 
Saturday, in the Morning, betwixt nine and ten 
of the Clock ; at which Time we repaired unto 
him, and my Lord of Northumberland acquainted 
him, that, by Order of both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, we were come thither to attend him up- 
on the Treaty, and were ready to attend hirri 
and begin it, either that Day or Monday j to 1 
which he replied, He was very unwilling to lofe 
any Time in it, but yet he did not think fit to' 
begin fuch a Bufinefs on a Piece of a Day ; there- 
fore defired it might begin upon Monday at Nine } 
which being the Time appointed we {hall not fail 
to obferve, or any elfe hereafter whi'ch may give 1 
a Difpatch or Furtherance to the Service, and 
to teftify our Obedience to all your Lordfhips 
Commands. This is all that hath pr.fTed, which 
we thought it our Duty to give your Lordships art 
Account of ; and, that done, we have nothing 
elfe to fay but that We are 

Tour Lordjlnps bumble Servants, 



G g 2 Septt 

468 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 24 Car. I. Sept. 21. The Lords, in Confideration that fe- 
veral Peers were now in Attendance in the Ifle of 
made an Order for a Call of their Houfe to 
be on the ?.d of October next ; and all fuch Lords as 
were to fit and vote, were to take Notice thereof 
and give their Attendance. ' 

The further Proceedings of the Commiffioners 
with the King, were this Day, Sept. 23, read in 
the Houfe of Lords as follows : 

For the Right Hcn:uralle the SPEAKER of the Houfe 
cf PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lor^ Newport, Sept. 21, 1648. 

WE gave your Lcrdfhip an Account by our 
lad, that, on Monday the i8th Inft. the 
Treaty was to begin, which accordingly was ob- 
ferved ; and for the Progrefs made therein we re- 
fer to the feveral Papers herewith fent, amongft 
which your Loro'lhips will perceive that, in pur- 
fuancc of our Commiffion and Inftruclicns, we 
have diftinguiihed the Propofitions as they fole- 
ly concern England and Ireland) for our own Ufe 
and fpeedy Difpatch of the Treaty; and did, in 
Anfwer to his Majefty's Paper of the i8th Inft. 
deliver him a Copy thereof; and altho' we have 
omitted the joint Declaration of both Kingdoms, 
wherein the Kingdom of Scotland is throughout 
involved, yet whether any Part thereof fhall be 
treated on, or of the Propofitions for the Trea- 
ty.betwixt both Kingdoms, vrherein, as they now 
ftand, are many Particulars which concern Time 
to come, we humbly defire to know the Pleafure 
of both Houfes, how they would have us pro- 
ceed therein ; conceiving it might be their Inten- 
tion that a Proportion be made to his Majefty, 
that both Houfes of Parliament, and all thofe 
that have acltd by their Authority in reference 
to thefe feveral Treaties betwixt the two King- 
doms, may be juftified and fecured. The King 
hath given us a Paper in anfwer to ours, con- 

'< earning 

of E N G L A N D. 4 6 9 

c cerningthe recalling all Oaths and Declarations, An. 24 Car. r. 
* and which is yet under Debate, whereof, by the 
' next, we {hall give you a faithful Account, and Se 
c reft, &c.' 

[Signed by the five Lords as before.] 

The COMMISSIONERS Firft Paper delivered, to the 

Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 
May it pleafe your Majejly^ 

WE having now made known unto your 
Majefty our Commiilion, by which we 
are authorifed to treat with you perfona!!y upon 
the Propofitions formerly pi'efented at Hampton- 
Court^ as they concern the Kingdoms of England 
and Ireland only, and fuch other Propofitions as 
arc therein mentioned j do crave Leave humbly 
to declare, That we are dire&ed, by our Inftruc- 
tions, to treat upon' them with your Majefty for 
the Space of forty Days, beginning this prefent 
Day : And to proceed, in the firft Place, upon 
thefe Propofitions following in Order, viz. That 
for recalling and annulling all Oaths, Declara- 
tions, Proclamations, and other Proceedings 
againft both or either Houfes of Parliament, or 
againft any for adhering unto them; thofe con- 
cerning the Church, the Militia, and Ireland; and 
then upon the reft in the fame Order as they are 
now placed, and to receive your Majefty's An- 
fwer in Writing to each of them ; being like- 
wife enjoined to deliver all our Demands, and 
to receive your Majefty's Anfwers, in Writing. 
Wherefore we humbly pray, That nothing may 
be underftood to be binding on either Side, but 
what fhall be fet down in Writing \ and accord- 
ingly, we are ready to prefent unto your Ma- 
jefty a Paper concerning that firft Proportion for 
recalling of Declarations.' 

[Signed by nil the Coir.mijfioners.'] 

G g 3 n* 

470 *Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

In. 24 Car. I. The K I N G'S Fir ft Paper. 


CHARLES R. Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 
TTTHEREAS the Commtffttm read., refers to Pro- 
P feti ns an d Injlruttions thereupon^ his Majefty 
defires to have thofe Proportions to be delivered unto 
him t and Copies of the Injlruftions. 

COMMISSIONERS Second Paper, concerning the .Firjl 

Ncrvport, Sept. 1 8, 1648. 

* "IT 7 E humbly defire of your Majefty, to give 

* VV your Royal Aflent to this Proportion en- 

* fuing, That whereas both Houfes of Parliament 
' have been neceffitated to undertake a War in their 
' juft and lawful Defence; and the Kingdom of 
' England hath entered into a Solemn League and 

* Covenant to profecute the fame, an Act of Par- 
' liament may pafs, whereby all Oaths, Declara- 

* tions, and Proclamations, heretofore had, or here- 
e after to be had, againft both or either of the 
4 Houfes of Parliament, or againft any for adher- 

* ing unto them, or for doing or executing any 
' Office, Place, or Charge, by any Authority de- 
6 rived from them ; and all Judgments, Indi<3> 
6 ments, Outlawries, Attainders, and Inquiiitions 

* in any of the faid Caufes, and all Grants there- 
f upon made or had, or to be made or had, be de- 
4 clared null, fuppreffed, and forbidden : And that 
4 this be publickly intimated in all Parifh Churches, 
t and other Places needful, \vv"hin your Majefly's 
f Dominions of England and Ireland. 3 

[Signed by all the Con 

T/ie K I N G'S Second Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 

/S Majefly declares, That, according to your 
Defirc, nothing fiall be undetftood to be binding 
cf cither Side 3 but what Jhali be fet down in Writing : 

of E N G L A N D. 471 

And alfo further declares. That no Agreement put in An - 2 4 Car. I. 
Writing^ concerning any Proportion? or Part of a t J * ' 
Proportion, be binding? until the Conclufwn of the September, 
whole Treaty, tinlefs that it be otherwtfe efpecially 

The COMMISSIONERS Third Paper, in Anfwer to 
the K i N G'S Firfl. 

Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 

WHEREAS your Majefty is pleafed in your 
firft Paper of this i8th of September, to 
defire a Copy of the Proportions, and our In- 
ftru&ions thereupon: We humbly anfwer, That 
the Proportions themfelves were formerly pre- 
fented unto your Majefty at Hampton-Court, and 
are, as we conceive, ftiil in your own Hands'; 
excepting that for the Court of Wards, which 
hath been delivered unto you here in the Ifle of 
Wight. And as to what concerns our Inftruc- 
tions, we do humbly fay, That we have no 
Warrant from the Houfes of Parliament to deli- 
ver out any Copy of them.' 

[Signed by all the CommiJJioners.] 

Tlie KIN c's Third Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 

"f Tl $ Majefty conceives the dnfiver to his Demands 
** for a Copy of your Proportions not fathfaftory, 
lecaufe you refer him to the Proportions formerly pre- 
fented to him at Hampton- Court ; which he having 
perufed, finds moft of thofe Proportions involve Scot- 
land as well as England and Ireland ; and yet your 
CommiJJion exprejjeth, that you are to treat in Refe- 
rence to England and Ireland only. 

Therefore he conceives it requifite that, fcfore the- 
PropoTtions or any of them be treated upon, he may 
fee the Proportions intirely, and all together as they 
are to be treated on at this Time, that thereby he may 
be the better able to give Satisfaction in the fdhwing 

G g 4 Ik 

Parliamentary HISTORY 




An. 24. Car. I. T!jc COMMISSIONERS Fourlb Paper, in Anjwer to 
the latter Part of the KING'S Second. 

Newport, Sept. 18, 1648. 

A S to the latter Part of the fecond Paper de- 
** livered unto us this i8th Inftant, we (hall 
acquaint the Houfcs of Parliament, that your 
Majefty hath declared, That 'no Agreement put 
in Writing concerning any Proportion, or Part 
of a Propofition, be binding until the Conclu- 
fio'.i of the whole Treaty, unlefs it {hall be other- 
wife efpecially agreed.' 

[Signed by all the CommiJJioners.~\ 

The COMMISSIONERS Fifth Paper, tendering a 
Draught of the Proportions. 

Newport, Sept. 19, 1648. 

A S for your Majefty's Demand of feeing the 
*"*' Propoiitions entirely and all together, as 
they are to be treated on at this Time, before 
they or any of them be treated upon ; we do 
humbly anfwer, That we find not ourfelves war- 
ranted by our Inftruclions to prefent unto your 
Majefty our Defires concerning all the Propofi- 
tjons at once, or in any Sort to treat upon them, 
but in Order one after another; -yet fmce we have 
prepared for bur -own Ufe; and the better expe- 
diting of this Treaty, a Draught of the Propo- 
fitions feparated from what concerns the King- 
dom of Scotland, and relating only to the King- 
doms of England and Ireland, according to our 
Commiflion and Inftruclions, by which we are 
authorifed for this Service ; to the end no Pre- 
judice may befall it, by reafon of any Delay, we 
do herewith tender unto your Majefty a Copy of 
the Propcfitions fo diftinguimed, but with this 
Declaration of cur Intention therein, that it is 
not by way of Treaty, but out of an humble and 
earneit Dcfire of giving your Majefty Satisfac- 

of E N G L A N D. 473 

tion in View of thofe Propofitions now, which AM. 2 4 Car. I. 
are afterwards in their Order and feveral Places l6 * 8 ' 
to be treated on, and upon fucli Papers as we fhall September, 
deliver in concerning each of them ; we being 
cxpreily prohibited by our Inftructions to treat 
upon, or to receive Anfwer unto, any fubfequcnt 
Proportion before there be a Conclufion of that 
which went before : In Obfervance whereof, we 
now humbly defire your Majefty's Anfwer to our 
Paper delivered Yefterday, concerning the Pro- 
pofition for recalling all Declarations and other 
Proceedings againft the Parliament, or thofe who 
have acted by their Authority.' 

[Signed by oil the Commijjionen.'] 

Sept. 25. A Letter with another Packet of Pa- 
pers from the Commiffioners with the King in the 
Tile of ]l r ig])t) was read, and ordered to be fent to 
the Houfe of Commons. 

For the Right Honourable the SPEAKER of the Houfe 
of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord) Neivport, Sept. 25, 1648. 

WE herewith prefent your Lordfhips with 
the Bufmefs of Lift Week; and this Morn- 
ing your Lordfhip will, amongft other Papers, 
receive one wherein his Majefty doth declare 
that nothing that fhall be put in Writing, con- 
cerning any Propofition or Part of a Proposition, 
{hall be binding, prejudicial, or in any Manner 
made ufe of, if the Treaty break off upon any 
other Propofition or Part of a Propofition, unlcfs 
it fhall be otherwife efpeciaily agreed. We alfo 
formerly fent a Declaration of his Majefty's to 
the like Effect, we humbly defire to know the 
Pleafure of the Houfe thereupon, and fhall moft 
carefully and diligently obey their Directions. 
We remain, &.' 

[Signed by all the Commiffioners .~\ 



Parliamentary HISTORY 


e KING'S Fourth Paper, in Ar.fwer to the COM- 
MISSIONERS Second Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 10, 1648. 

JN Anfwcr to your Paper of the 1 8th of Septem- 
* ber, concerning the recalling of Oaths, Declara- 
tions, Sec. his Majejly will confent to an Att of Par- 
liament, whereby all Oaths, Declarations, and Pro- 
clamations heretofore had, or to be had, againft both 
or either of the Houfes of Parliament, or againjl any 
for adhering unto them', or far doing or executing any 
Office, Place, or Charge by any Authority derived 
from them ; and all Judgments, Indictments, Out- 
lawries, and Inquifttions in any the faid Caufes, and 
all Grants thereupon made or had, or to be made or 
bad, be declared null, fupprejjed, and forbidden : And 
that this be publickly intimated in all Parijh Churches, 
and other Places needful, within his Majejly' s Domi- 
nions of England and Ireland. 

'The COMMISSIONERS Sixth Paper, infixing on the 
firjl Part of their Second Paper of the iStb. 

Newport, Sept. 20, 1648. 

HAVING confidered of your Majefty's 
Paper of the igth of this prefent Septem- 
ber, to ours of the i8th, concerning the recalling 
Oaths, Declarations, &c . we find that your Ma- 
jefty hath not yet given your Anfwer to an eflen- 
tial Part of the Proportion contained in our Pa- 
per, being the Ground upon which the faid 
Oaths, Declarations, &V. are defired to be recal- 
led, and exprefied in thefe Words, viz. IFhereas 
both Houfes of Parliament have been neceffitated to 
undertake a War in their }ufl and lawful Defence^ 
and that the Kingdom of England hath entered into 
a Solemn League and Covenant to profecute the fame: 
We do therefore crave Leave to infift upon this 
Part of our former Demand, having endeavour- 
ed, by this Day's Debate with your Majefty, 

4 to 

of E N G L A N D. 475 

to (hew how neceflary a Foundation your Confent An - *4 Car. 
herein will be to a firm and durable Peace, and how t 1 4 ' 
great an Expectation both Houfes and the King- September, 
dom have thereof; and do humbly pray, That 
your Majefty will pleafe to confent that thefe 
Words before recited be part of the Act of Par- 
liament for the recalling of Oaths, Declara- 
tions, &c.' [Signed by all the Commijjiiiiers.] 

The K I N G'S Fifth Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 20, 1648. 

TTl S MajeJIy deftres to know whether you have 
/"* any Power to confent to any Omijjisns or Altera- 
tions^ tf, in the Matter of this or any other Debate, 
he Jhall give fuch Reafons as Jhall fatisfy ytu for any 
fuch OmiJJion or Alteration. 

The COMMISSIONER'S Seventh Paper, in Anfwer ta 
the KING'S Fifth. 

Newport, Sspt. 20, 1648. 

\T7 E are ready, by Debate, to {hew how rea- 
** fonable our Defires are, and that there 
will be no Reafon that we fliould alter or recede 
from them : But if, in the Matter of this or any 
other Debate, your Majefty give fuch Reafons 
as (hall fatisfy us for any Omiflions or Altera- 
tions in the Papers we prefent to your Majefty, 
we {hall then do therein as we arc warranted by 
our Instructions, which we have not Power to 
make known, as we have declared in a former 
Paper of the i8th of this Inftant, delivered to 
your Alajefty.' 

[Signed by all the GoininiffiQiiers,] 

The K i N G'S Sixth Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 21, 1648. 

/I LEE IT his Majefty dldjbew a different Opinion. 
** from you the CommiJJioners in the Debate Yejler- 
day^ yet he believes he mads bis Defire of a thorough 


47 ^ The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* 1*6+8?"' ^ ant * con ft ant P face ver y apparent to you ; for the End 

v ' of all his Arguments were how that all his Subjects 

September. might remain, upon the Conclufion of this Treaty, not 
onlyfecure in their ~Lives and EJlates by Law, but a/fa 
that all Caufes of future Fears and Jeahufies miglt 
be taken away from them. And becaufe his Majefly 
finds very great Difficulties to fettle the Minds of all 
Sorts of People, he conceives that ycu cannot think it 
Jlrange, though he does not give a very prefent Anfwer 
to this your lajl Paper of Yejlerday's Date, received 
this Morning; ajfuring you that he will lofe no Time 
in the uftng his utmojl Endeavours for the fecuring cf 
all his Subjects, there being nothing more in his Tluughts 
than how to give a fpeedy as well as an happy Condu-. 
fion to this Treaty. 

The K i N G'S Seventh Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 25, 1648. 

IS Majejly, by his Paper of the 1 8th of this 
Injlant September, declared, That no Agree- 
ment put in Writing, concerning any Propofetion or 
Part of a Propofetion, be binding until the Conclufion 
cf the whole Treaty, unlefs it Jhall be ctherwife cfpe- 
cially agreed. His Majejly doth now farther declare, 
That nothing that Jhall be put in Writing, concerning 
any Propcfetion or Part of a Propofeticn, Jhall be 
binding, prejudicial, or in any Manner made ufe of, 
if the Treaty break off upon any other Propofetion or 
Part of any Propofetion, unlefs it Jhall be otherwife 
efpecially agreed. 

The K I N c's Eighth Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 25, 1648. 

/N Aiifwcr tc tbe firjl Proportion given to his Ma- 
jefly en Monday the iStb of this Injlant Septem- 
ber, his Mvjefi'j d'Ah confent thereto as is dcfered. 


cf E N G L A N D. 477 

The COMMISSIONERS Eighth Paper. 

Newport, Sept. 25, 1648. 
' T_ A V I N G received t\vo Papers from your 
1 iJ. Majelly, dated the 25th Inftant ; in the 
c firft of which your Majefty declares, That no- 
' thing that fhall be put in Writing, concerning 

* .any Proportion or Part cf a Proportion, fhall be 
c binding, prejudicial, or in any Manner made ufe 
of, if the Treaty break off upon any other Pro- 
' pofition or Part of any Proportion, unlefs it {hall 
be othervvife efpecially agreed : And the Second, 
' that in Anfwer to the Firft Proportion given to 
' your Majefty en the i8th of this Inftant September^ 

* your Majefty doth confent thereto as is defired : 
c We fhall tranfmit thefe Papers, with the other 
' Proceedings pafied in Writing on the Firft Pro- 

* pofition, to both Houfes of Parliament, andfpee- 

* dily go on in the Treaty according to our In- 
' ftrudtions.' 

[Signed by all the CojnmiJJtoners.~\ 

Sept. 26. This Day the Ho ufe of Commons be- Debate in the 
ing called over according to a former Order, and Houfe of com- 
there being a full Appearance upon that Occafion, ons , c " ^ 

r r u /-. -rr King's Defire 

tne foregoing Papers from the Commimcners in that no one Pro- 
the Ifle of Wight were read, and then the Houfe pofition be bind- 
pafTed the following Vote, without a Divifion, viz. | ng b re ak he 

* That nothing that fhall be put in Writing, ton- on another. 
cerning any Proportion, or Part of a Propofition, 

fhall be binding, prejudicial, or in any Manner 
made ufe of, if the Treaty break off, upon any 
other Propofition, or Part of a Propofition, unlels 
it fhall be otherwife fpecially agreed.' And it was 
ordered that the Lords Concurrence be defired 

Our Parliamentary Journalift (r) informs us, 
' That though this Vote was paffed in a full Houfe, 
the like Number not having been prefent for twelve 
Months before, yet the Independents fo ordered 


(c) Mer cur iits Pragmaticus, N 27* 

47 8 The Parliamentary HISTORV 

An. 24 Car. J, Matters, that the carrying it up to the Lords wag 
T( ' retarded, (a Circumftance confirmed by the "Jsur- 
nah) in Hopes ef canvafling it over again in a thin 
Houfe.' And Mr. IWntkcke obferves, That feve- 
ral Members, aftsr they were called over, left the 
Town the fame Day, which gives him Occafion 
to pray God to forgive their" Negligence (d). 
This Defection gave fuch Spirits to the Indepen- 
dents, that, on Tburfdcy the a8th of this Month, 
Mr. Natkrmacl Stephens ftood up and faid, < Mr. 
Speaker, I beg Leave to offer a Word againft 
what was debated here on Tuefday laft ; I mean the 
King's Dehre, wherein he hath declared, That 
nothing concluded in Part {hould be binding, un- 
Jefs the \vhoie be agreed on by Treaty : If this 
fliould be aflented to, it will bring many Incon- 
veniences and Dangers upon us.' To which z 
Member anfvvered, ' He was greatly furprifed that 
any Gentleman fhouid prefume to break the Orders 
of Parliament, fo far as to ftir in a Bufmefs con- 
cluded by Vote of the Houfe two Days before ; 
and therefore defired that Gentleman might be 
filenced, elfe it might open a Gap to every Mem- 
ber that pleafed, to call in Queftion all the Votes 
pafled fince the Beginning of this Parliament j 
which Courfe, if it were once admitted, would 
render all their Proceedings vain and frivolous, 
when a Refolution paffed one Day might be quef- 
tioned another.' This Anfvver having put a Stop 
to Mr. Stephens y Mr. Lijle ftood up to fpeak in 
behalf of the Motion for revoking the Vote of 
Tuefday ; and thouz;h the Houfe cried him down, as 
they had done Mr. Stephens^ for removing irregularly 
and contrary to the Courfe of Parliament, yet th<3 
Speaker fufFered him to proceed thus : I fuppofe 
it concerns us now more than ever to look about 
us : We know that this Perfonal Treaty, now on 
Foot, had not its Rife with our Confent, but con- 
trary to the Wiflies and Defires of all the truly 
Godly and WelJ-affeded in the Kingdom, who 


(d] Mixtrial*, p. 334. 


conceive no Ufe of it was or is intended, but to An. 
the Deftruction of them and us. It is the King's 
lad Refuge ; fo that we had need to be wary how "September, 
we give Confent to any of his Defires, whereby he 
may eafily intrap us. I obferve how eager many 
Gentlemen are that the Tuefetay's Vote may ftand, 
whereby the King is left at Liberty to debate all 
Particulars, and, if he pleafes, to conclude nothing 
except it be upon his own Terms. I confcfs the 
Vote is pafled, and that it is contrary to the Cuftora 
of Parliament to impugn it ; but feeing fo many 
Inconveniences and Mifchiefs may follow from 
thence, I fuppofe the Safety of the Commonwealth 
is to be refpected before any nice Punctilio of Par- 
liamentary Proceeding.' To which it was anfwer- 
ed, ' That if any of thofe Gentlemen who had 
appeared Friends to Peace, had made fuch an ex- 
travagant Motion as this for recalling a Vote, and 
queftioning the Judgment of a full Houfc, they 
would furely have been called to the Bar